66 relations: Ab urbe condita, Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Livy), Amanishakheto, Anno Domini, Antonia Minor, Arshak II of Iberia, Augustus, Bactria, Calendar era, Chronology of Jesus, Claudia Pulchra, Common Era, Common year starting on Monday, Common year starting on Saturday, Common year starting on Sunday, Confucius, Consul, Dionysius Exiguus, Emperor Ping of Han, Eponymous archon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gaius Caesar, Germania, Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 32), Han dynasty, Heraios, Jesus, Julian calendar, Kingdom of Aksum, Kingdom of Iberia, Kingdom of Kush, Kushan Empire, Livilla, Livy, Lucius Aemilius Paullus (consul 1), Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 16 BC), Lucius Junius Gallio Annaeanus, Mesoamerica, Metamorphoses, Middle Ages, Moxo people, Natakamani, Nero Claudius Drusus, Nubia, Ovid, Pharnavazid dynasty, Posthumous name, Proleptic Gregorian calendar, Proleptic Julian calendar, ..., Publius Quinctilius Varus, Quinctilius Varus, Quirinius, Roman numerals, Sapadbizes, South America, Teotihuacan, Tiberius, Wang Mang, Wang Zhengjun, 0 (year), 1 BC, 16 BC, 27, 5, 65. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
"ab urbe condita" (related to "anno urbis conditae"; A. U. C., AUC, a.u.c.; also "anno urbis", short a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC.
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Ab Urbe Condita Libri—often shortened to Ab Urbe Condita—is a monumental history of ancient Rome in Latin begun sometime between 27 and 25 BC by the historian Titus Livius, known in English as Livy.
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Amanishakheto was a Kandake of Nubia.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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Antonia Minor (PIR2 A 885), also known as Julia Antonia Minor, Antonia the Younger or simply Antonia (31 January 36 BC - September/October AD 37) was the younger of two daughters of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor.
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Arshak II (არშაკ) or Arsuk (არსუკ) (died in AD 1), of the Nimrodid Dynasty, was a king of Iberia (Kartli, eastern Georgia) from c. 20 BC to AD 1.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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Bactria (from Βακτριανή, the Hellenized version of Bactrian βαχλο, Bakhlo; Persian/Pashto: باختر Bākhtar; Uzbek: Балх; Бохтар; Chinese: 大夏 Dàxià; Sanskrit बाह्लीक Bāhlika) is the ancient name of a historical region, one of the ancient civilizations of Iranian peoples.
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A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.
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A chronology of Jesus aims to establish a timeline for the major historical events in the life of Jesus.
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Claudia Pulchra was the name of several women of Roman gens of Claudii during the 1st century BC and 1st century AD.
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Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).
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This is the calendar for any common year starting on Monday, January 1 (dominical letter G).
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This is the calendar for any common year starting on Saturday, January 1 (dominical letter B).
A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year (i.e., a year with 365 days) that begins on a Sunday, January 1 (dominical letter A).
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Confucius (September 28, 551 – 479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
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Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.
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Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Small, Dennis the Dwarf, Dennis the Little or Dennis the Short, meaning humble) (–) was a 6th-century monk born in Scythia Minor (probably modern Dobruja, which is in Romania and Bulgaria).
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Emperor Ping (9 BC – February 3, AD 6) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty from 1 BC to AD 5.
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In ancient Greece the chief magistrate in various Greek city states was called eponymous archon (ἐπώνυμος ἄρχων, eponymos archon).
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Eritrea (or; ኤርትራ; إرتريا), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa.
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Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
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Gaius Julius Caesar (20 BC – 21 February AD 4), most commonly known as Gaius Caesar or Caius Caesar, was the oldest son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder.
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Germania (Germanía) was the Roman and Greek term for the geographical region inhabited mainly by the Germanic people.
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Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (11 December (? ca. 2 BC) – January 40 AD) was a close relative of the five Roman Emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Heraios (often read as Heraus, Heraos, Miaos) was a clan chief of the Kushans (reign: 1-30 CE), one of the five constituent tribes of the Yuezhi confederacy in Bactria in the early 1st century CE, roughly at the time when the Kushans were starting their invasion of India.
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Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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The Kingdom of Aksum or Axum, also known as the Aksumite Empire, was a trading nation in the area of northern Ethiopia and Eritrea pre-Islamic Arabs, which existed from approximately 100–940 AD.
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In Greco-Roman geography, Iberia (Greek Ἰβηρία, იბერია) was the name for a kingdom of the Southern Caucasus, centered on present-day Eastern Georgia.
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The Kingdom of Kush or Kush was an ancient African kingdom situated on the confluences of the Blue Nile, White Nile and River Atbara in what is now the Republic of Sudan.
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The Kushan Empire (Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण राजवंश Kuṣāṇ Rājavaṃśa; BHS:; 𐭊𐭅𐭔𐭍 𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓 Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic Empire formed by Yuezhi in the Greco-Bactrian territories of the early 1st century.
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Claudia Livia Julia (Classical Latin: LIVIA•IVLIA) (c. 13 BC – 31 AD) was the only daughter of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor and sister of the Roman Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, and thus the paternal aunt of the emperor Caligula and maternal great-aunt of emperor Nero.
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Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 17)—known as Livy in English—was a Roman historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people – Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Books from the Foundation of the City) – covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus in Livy's own time.
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Lucius Aemilius Paullus (c. 37 BC – 14 AD) was the son of Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus (suffect consul 34 BC and later censor) and Cornelia, the elder daughter of Scribonia.
Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (born ca. 49 BC) was the son and only child of consul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Aemilia Lepida.
Lucius Junius Gallio Annaeanus or Gallio was a Roman senator and brother of famous writer Seneca.
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Mesoamerica is a region and cultural area in the Americas, extending approximately from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.
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The Metamorphoses (Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is a Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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The Moxos, also known as Moxeños or the Mojos, are an indigenous people of Bolivia.
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Natakamani was a King of Kush who reigned from around or earlier than 1 BC to circa AD 20.
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Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (January 14, 38 BC – Summer of 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus also called Drusus Claudius Nero, Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander.
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Nubia is a region along the Nile river located in what is today northern Sudan and southern Egypt.
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Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – AD 17/18), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
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The Pharnavazid or Parnavazianni (ფარნავაზიანები, ფარნავაზიანნი) is the name of the first dynasty of Georgian kings of Kartli (Iberia) preserved by the Georgian historical tradition.
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A posthumous name is an honorary name given to royalty, nobles, and sometimes others, in East Asia after the person's death, and is used almost exclusively instead of one's personal name or other official titles during his life.
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The proleptic Gregorian calendar is produced by extending the Gregorian calendar backward to dates preceding its official introduction in 1582.
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The proleptic Julian calendar is produced by extending the Julian calendar backwards to dates preceding AD 4 when the quadrennial leap year stabilized.
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Publius Quinctilius Varus (46 BC Cremona, Roman Republic – 9 AD Germania) was a Roman General and Politician under the first Roman emperor Augustus.
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Publius Quinctilius Varus Minor (Minor Latin for the younger) also known as Publius Quinctilius Varus the Younger, Varus the Younger, Publius Quinctilius Varus filius and Quinctilius Varus was an Ancient Roman nobleman who lived in the 1st century.
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Publius Sulpicius Quirinius (Greek Κυρήνιος – Kyrenios or Cyrenius, c. 51 BC – AD 21) was a Roman aristocrat.
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Roman numerals, the numeric system used in ancient Rome, employs combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values.
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Obv: Bust of Sapadbizes.
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South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
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Teotihuacan, also written Teotihuacán (Spanish), was an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.
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Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Dīvī Augustī Fīlius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was a Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
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Wang Mang (c. 45 BCE – 6 October 23 CE), courtesy name Jujun (巨君), was a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin (or Hsin, meaning "renewed") Dynasty (新朝), ruling 9–23 CE.
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Wang Zhengjun (71 BC – 13 AD), officially Empress Xiaoyuan (孝元皇后), later and more commonly known as Grand Empress Dowager Wang, born in Yuancheng (modern Handan, Hebei), was an empress during the Western Han Dynasty of China, who played important roles during the reigns of five successive Han emperors—her husband, her son, her two stepgrandsons, and her stepgreat-grandnephew—and later (according to traditional historians, unwittingly) led to the usurpation of the throne by her nephew Wang Mang.
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Year zero does not exist in the Anno Domini (or Common Era) system usually used to number years in the Gregorian calendar and in its predecessor, the Julian calendar.
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Year 1 BC was a common year starting on Friday or Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 16 BC was either a common year starting on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday or a leap year starting on Monday or Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Sunday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 27 (XXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 5 (V) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 65 (LXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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