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1956 Georgian demonstrations

The March 1956 demonstrations (also known as the 1956 Tbilisi riots or 9 March massacre) in the Georgian SSR were a series of protests to Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy, which shocked Georgian supporters of Marxist-Leninist-Stalinist ideology. [1]

80 relations: Akaki Mgeladze, Anastas Mikoyan, Anti-Sovietism, April 9 tragedy, Armenians in Georgia, August Uprising, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Baltic states, Batumi, BBC News, Cult of personality, Curfew, David Baazov, David Marshall Lang, De-Stalinization, Democratic Republic of Georgia, Demonstration (protest), Dideba, Eduard Shevardnadze, Flag of Georgia (country), Free Press (publisher), Freedom Square, Tbilisi, Georgian Jews, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Georgians, Gori, Georgia, Gulag, Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Indiana University Press, Ivan Fedyuninsky, Joseph Stalin, Kardanakhi, Komsomol, Kremlinology, Kura River, Kutaisi, Merab Kostava, Mikheil Chiaureli, Militsiya, Mir Jafar Baghirov, Nick Awde, Nikita Khrushchev, Nikolai Bulganin, On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences, Pogrom, Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Poznań 1956 protests, Prague Spring, President of Georgia, Richard Sakwa, ..., Riot, Ronald Grigor Suny, Routledge, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russians in Georgia, Rustaveli Avenue, Rustavi, Siberia, Soviet Armed Forces, Soviet Union, Stalin's cult of personality, Stalinism, Sukhumi, Svante Cornell, Tbilisi, Tbilisi State University, The Fall of Berlin (film), The Unforgettable Year 1919, Transcaucasia, Transcaucasian Military District, Uppsala University, Vasil Mzhavanadze, Vasily Stalin, Vladimir Janjgava, Vladimir Lenin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Zhu De, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, 1978 Georgian demonstrations, 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Expand index (30 more) »

Akaki Mgeladze

Akaki Mgeladze (აკაკი მგელაძე; Ака́кий Ива́нович Мгела́дзе; 1910 – 1980) was a Soviet politician.

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Anastas Mikoyan

Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan (Анаста́с Ива́нович Микоя́н; Անաստաս Հովհաննեսի Միկոյան Anastas Hovhannesi Mikoyan;; – 21 October 1978) was an Old Bolshevik and Soviet statesman during the mandates of Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, and Brezhnev.

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Anti-Sovietism

Anti-Sovietism and Anti-Soviet refer to persons and activities actually or allegedly aimed against the Soviet Union or government power within the Soviet Union.

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April 9 tragedy

The April 9 tragedy (also known as Tbilisi Massacre, Tbilisi tragedy) refers to the events in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, on April 9, 1989, when an anti-Soviet demonstration was dispersed by the Soviet Army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries.

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Armenians in Georgia

Armenians in Georgia (Վիրահայեր Virahayer) are Armenian people living within the country of Georgia.

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August Uprising

The August Uprising (აგვისტოს აჯანყება, agvistos adjanq’eba) was an unsuccessful insurrection against Soviet rule in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic from late August to early September 1924.

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Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

The Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR; Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы, Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası; Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Azerbaydzhanskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union.

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Baltic states

The Baltic states, also known as the Baltics, Baltic nations or Baltic countries (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), are the three countries in northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

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Batumi

Batumi (ბათუმი, formerly known as Batum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Adjara, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Cult of personality

A cult of personality arises when an individual uses mass media, propaganda, or other methods, to create an idealized, heroic, and at times, worshipful image, often through unquestioning flattery and praise.

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Curfew

A curfew is an order specifying a time during which certain regulations apply.

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David Baazov

David Baazov (დავით ბააზოვი) (1883–1947) was a Georgian-Jewish public and religious figure who spearheaded the Zionist movement in Georgia.

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David Marshall Lang

David Marshall Lang (6 May 1924 – 20 March 1991), was a Professor of Caucasian Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

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De-Stalinization

De-Stalinization (Russian: десталинизация, Destalinizatsiya) refers to a process of political reform in the Soviet Union that took place after the death of long-time leader Joseph Stalin in 1953.

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Democratic Republic of Georgia

The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG; საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა Sakartvelos Demokratiuli Respublika) existed from May 1918 to February 1921 and was the first modern establishment of a Republic of Georgia.

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Demonstration (protest)

A demonstration or street protest is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause; it normally consists of walking in a mass march formation and either beginning with or meeting at a designated endpoint, or rally, to hear speakers.

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Dideba

"Dideba" ("Praise", დიდება in Georgian) was the national anthem of Georgia from 1918 to 1920, and from 14 November 1990 to 23 April 2004.

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Eduard Shevardnadze

Eduard Shevardnadze (ედუარდ შევარდნაძე,; Эдуа́рд Амвро́сиевич Шевардна́дзе, tr. Eduard Amvrosiyevich Shevardnadze; 25 January 1928 – 7 July 2014) was a Georgian politician and diplomat.

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Flag of Georgia (country)

The flag of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშა; sakartvelos sakhelmtsʼipo drosha), also known as the Five Cross Flag (Georgian: ხუთჯვრიანი დროშა; khutjvriani drosha) was adopted in January 2004, and was originally the flag of the United National Movement.

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Free Press (publisher)

Free Press was a book publishing imprint of Simon & Schuster.

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Freedom Square, Tbilisi

Freedom Square (Georgian: თავისუფლების მოედანი Tavisuplebis moedani, pronounced), formerly known as Erivan (or Erivanskaya) or Pashkevich-Erivanskaya Square (Georgian: ერევანსკი მოედანი, Erevansk'i moedani, Russian: Эриванская площадь, Erivanskaya ploshchad) under Imperial Russia and Lenin Square under the Soviet Union, is located in the center of Tbilisi at the eastern end of Rustaveli Avenue.

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Georgian Jews

The Georgian Jews (ქართველი ებრაელები, יהודים גאורגים) are from Georgia, in the Caucasus.

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Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian SSR; საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა sakartvelos sabch'ota socialist'uri resp'ublik'a; Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika) was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.

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Georgians

Georgians (tr) are an indigenous Caucasian nation and ethnic group.

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Gori, Georgia

Gori (გორი) is a city in eastern Georgia, which serves as the regional capital of Shida Kartli and the centre of the homonymous administrative district.

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Gulag

The Gulag (ru-Gulag.ogg) was the government agency that administered the main Soviet forced labor camp systems during the Stalin era, from the 1930s until the 1950s.

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Hungarian Revolution of 1956

The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 or the Hungarian Uprising of 1956 (1956-os forradalom or felkelés) was a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the government of the Hungarian People's Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until 10 November 1956.

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Indiana University Press

Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.

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Ivan Fedyuninsky

Ivan Ivanovich Fedyuninsky (Иван Иванович Федюнинский; July 30, 1900 - October 17, 1977) was a Soviet military leader and Hero of the Soviet Union (1939).

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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin (birth surname: Jughashvili; 18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.

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Kardanakhi

Kardenakhi is a village in Georgian region of Kakheti.

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Komsomol

The All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (Всесоюзный ленинский коммунисти́ческий сою́з молодёжи (ВЛКСМ)), usually known as Komsomol (Комсомо́л, a syllabic abbreviation from the Russian kommunisticheskii soyuz molodyozhi), was a political youth organization in the Soviet Union.

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Kremlinology

Kremlinology is the study and analysis of the politics and policies of Russia, while the term Sovietology means the study of politics and policies of the Soviet Union and former communist states more general.

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Kura River

Kura River (მტკვარი, Mt'k'vari; Կուր, Kur; Kür; Cyrus; rûbara kur; Kura) is an east-flowing river south of the Greater Caucasus Mountains which drains the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus east into the Caspian Sea.

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Kutaisi

Kutaisi (ქუთაისი; ancient names: Aea/Aia, Kotais, Kutatisi, Kutaïsi) is the legislative capital of Georgia, and its second largest city, after the capital Tbilisi.

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Merab Kostava

Merab Kostava, 1988 Merab Kostava (მერაბ კოსტავა) (May 26, 1939 – October 13, 1989) was a Georgian dissident, musician and poet; one of the leaders of the National-Liberation movement in Georgia.

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Mikheil Chiaureli

Mikheil Chiaureli (მიხეილ ჭიაურელი, Михаил Эдишерович Чиаурели, 6 February 1894 – 31 October 1974) was a Soviet Georgian film director and screenwriter.

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Militsiya

Militsiya or militia (mʲɪˈlʲitsɨjə, міліцыя, милиция, milicija, milicja, miliția, milica, милитсия, міліція, militsiya or милиция), often confused with militia, is used as an official name of the civilian police in several former communist states.

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Mir Jafar Baghirov

Mir Jafar Baghirov Abbas oglu (Mir Cəfər Bağırov Abbas oğlu; 17 September 1896 – 7 May 1956) was the communist leader of the Azerbaijan SSR from 1932 to 1953, under the Soviet leadership of Joseph Stalin.

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Nick Awde

Nick Awde Hill (born 29 December 1961 in London, England) is a British writer, artist, singer-songwriter and critic.

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Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (– September 11, 1971) was a Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War.

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Nikolai Bulganin

Nikolai Alexandrovich Bulganin (Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Булга́нин; – 24 February 1975) was a prominent Soviet politician, who served as Minister of Defence (1953–55) and Premier of the Soviet Union (1955–58).

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On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences

"On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences" («О культе личности и его последствиях») was a report by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev made to the 20th Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on 25 February 1956.

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Pogrom

A pogrom is a violent riot aimed at massacre or persecution of an ethnic or religious group, particularly one aimed at Jews.

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Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The Politburo (p, full: Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, abbreviated Политбюро ЦК КПСС, Politbyuro TsK KPSS), was the highest policy-making government authority under the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

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Poznań 1956 protests

The Poznań 1956 protests, also known as the Poznań 1956 uprising or Poznań June (Poznański Czerwiec), were the first of several massive protests against the government of the People's Republic of Poland.

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Prague Spring

The Prague Spring (Pražské jaro, Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II.

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President of Georgia

The President of Georgia (საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი, sakartvelos prezidenti) is the head of state, supreme commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Government of Georgia.

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Richard Sakwa

Richard Sakwa (born 1953) is Professor of Russian and European politics at the University of Kent.

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Riot

A riot is a form of civil disorder commonly characterized by a group lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people.

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Ronald Grigor Suny

Ronald Grigor Suny (born September 25, 1940) is director of the Eisenberg Institute for Historical Studies, the Charles Tilly Collegiate Professor of Social and Political History at the University of Michigan, and Emeritus Professor of political science and history at the University of Chicago.

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Routledge

Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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Russian Academy of Sciences

The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) (Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.

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Russians in Georgia

There is a substantial Russian population in Georgia.

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Rustaveli Avenue

Rustaveli Avenue (რუსთაველის გამზირი, Rust'avelis Gamziri), formerly known as Golovin Street, is the central avenue in Tbilisi named after the medieval Georgian poet, Shota Rustaveli.

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Rustavi

Rustavi (რუსთავი) is a city in the southeast of Georgia, in the province of Kvemo Kartli, situated southeast of the capital Tbilisi.

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Siberia

Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Soviet Armed Forces

The Soviet Armed Forces, also called the Armed Forces of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (Russian: Вооружённые Силы Союза Советских Социалистических Республик Vooruzhonnyye Sily Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, Вооружённые Силы Советского Союза) refers to the armed forces of the Russian SFSR (1917–1922), and Soviet Union (1922–1991) from their beginnings in the aftermath of the Russian Civil War to its dissolution in December 1991.

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Soviet Union

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.

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Stalin's cult of personality

Joseph Stalin's cult of personality became a prominent part of Soviet culture in December 1929, after a lavish celebration for Stalin's 50th birthday.

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Stalinism

Stalinism is the means of governing and related policies implemented by Joseph Stalin.

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Sukhumi

Sukhumi or Sokhumi (სოხუმი, Sokhumi; Аҟәа, Aqwa; Сухум, Sukhum) is a city in western Georgia and the capital of Abkhazia, a disputed region on the Black Sea coast.

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Svante Cornell

Svante E. Cornell (born 1975) is a Swedish scholar specializing on politics and security issues in Eurasia, especially the South Caucasus, Turkey, and Central Asia.

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Tbilisi

Tbilisi (თბილისი), formerly known as Tpilisi and Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Mtkvari River with a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants.

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Tbilisi State University

Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი Ivane Javaxishvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmts'ipo universit'et'i, often shortened to its historical name, Tbilisi State University or TSU), is a university established on 8 February 1918 in Tbilisi, Georgia.

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The Fall of Berlin (film)

The Fall of Berlin (Падение Берлина; translit. Padeniye Berlina) is a Soviet film in two parts directed by Mikheil Chiaureli, released in 1950 by the Mosfilm Studio.

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The Unforgettable Year 1919

The Unforgettable Year 1919 (Russian: Незабываемый 1919-й) is a 1951 Soviet film directed by Mikheil Chiaureli.

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Transcaucasia

Transcaucasia (Закавказье) or the South Caucasus is a geopolitical region located on the border of Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia.

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Transcaucasian Military District

The Transcaucasian Military District, a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces, traces its history to May 1921 and the incorporation of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia into the USSR.

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Uppsala University

Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet) is a research university in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries, founded in 1477.

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Vasil Mzhavanadze

Vasil Pavlovich Mzhavanadze (also Vasily; ვასილ მჟავანაძე; – 5 September 1988) was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Georgian SSR from September 1953 to September 28, 1972 and a member of the CPSU's Politburo from June 29, 1957 to December 18, 1972.

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Vasily Stalin

Vasily Iosifovich Stalin (Russian: Васи́лий Ио́сифович Ста́лин; March 21, 1921 – March 19, 1962), born Vasily Iosifovich Dzhugashvili (Russian: Васи́лий Ио́сифович Джугашви́ли), was the son of Joseph Stalin by his second wife, Nadezhda Alliluyeva.

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Vladimir Janjgava

Vladimir (Nikolayevich) Janjgava (ვლადიმერ ჯანჯღავა; May 19, 1907 – April 10, 1982) was a Lieutenant General and Hero of the Soviet Union who participated in battles during the Winter War and was specialist in infantry warfare during World War II. Janigava held command of various infantry regiments, divisions and corps of the soviet army.

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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (p), alias Lenin (p) (– 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Vyacheslav Molotov

Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (Вячесла́в Миха́йлович Мо́лотов; – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin.

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Zhu De

Zhu De (Chu Teh; pronounced; 1 December 1886 – 6 July 1976) was a Chinese general, warlord, politician, revolutionary, and one of the pioneers of the Chinese Communist Party.

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Zviad Gamsakhurdia

Zviad Gamsakhurdia (ზვიად გამსახურდია, tr. Zviad K'onst'ant'ines dze Gamsakhurdia; Звиа́д Константи́нович Гамсаху́рдия, tr. Zviad Konstantinovich Gamsakhurdiya; March 31, 1939 — December 31, 1993) was a dissident, scientist and writer, who became the first democratically elected President of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.

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1978 Georgian demonstrations

14 April 1978 demonstrations in Tbilisi, capital of the Georgian SSR, took place in response to an attempt by the Soviet government to change the constitutional status of languages in Georgia.

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20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during 14–25 February 1956.

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Redirects here:

1956 Tbilisi riots, 9 March 1956 massacre in Tbilisi, 9 March massacre in Tbilisi, 1956, March 1956 demonstrations, March 9 Massacre in Tbilisi, 1956, March 9 Tragedy, March 9 massacre, March 9 massacre in Tbilisi, 1956.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1956_Georgian_demonstrations

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