129 relations: Achnacarry, Aller, Allied invasion of Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Artillery, Bagpipes, Battle honour, Battle of Anzio, Battle of Bréville, Battle of Crete, Battle of Hill 170, Battle of Madagascar, Battle of the Argenta Gap, Battle of the Scheldt, Bergen, Bill Millin, Bletchley Park, Brigade, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Army, British Commandos, Burma Campaign, Canada, Canal Defence Light, Chain Home, Commando, Convoy, Cromwell tank, DD tank, Derek Mills-Roberts, Dieppe Raid, Distinguished Service Order, Dodecanese Campaign, Dozulé, DUKW, E-boat, Elbe, Enigma machine, Erhard Milch, Germany, Guernsey, Haakon VII of Norway, Herdla, Hugh Kindersley, 2nd Baron Kindersley, Independent Company, Invasion of Normandy, Inveraray, Italian Campaign (World War II), ..., John Durnford-Slater, Johnny Johnson (British Army officer), Lüneburg, Lochailort, Lofoten, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Luftwaffe, M4 Sherman, Måløy, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Motor Launch, Naval trawler, Neustadt in Holstein, No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando, No. 2 Commando, No. 3 Commando, No. 4 Commando, No. 6 Commando, Non-commissioned officer, Normandy, Normandy landings, North African Campaign, North-West Europe Campaign of 1944–1945, Norway, Norwegian Independent Company 1, Operation Ambassador, Operation Archery, Operation Claymore, Operation Devon, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Roast, Operation Varsity, Orne (river), Ouistreham, Patrick Anthony Porteous, Pegasus Bridge, Peter Young (historian), PIAT, Quisling, Ranville, Richard Geoffrey Pine-Coffin, Robert Laycock, Royal Engineers, Royal Marines, Royal Navy, Schutzstaffel, Scotland, Scottish Highlands, Shell (projectile), Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Spean Bridge, SS Cap Arcona (1927), St Nazaire Raid, Steam Gun Boat, Sword Beach, Syria–Lebanon Campaign, Torpedo, Tunisia Campaign, U-boat, United Kingdom, Vågsøy, Victoria Cross, Wesel, Weser, Winchester rifle, World War II, 12th (Yorkshire) Parachute Battalion, 13th/18th Royal Hussars, 1978 South Lebanon conflict, 2nd Special Service Brigade, 3 Commando Brigade, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 45 Commando, 4th Special Service Brigade, 51st (Highland) Division, 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion, 8th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom). Expand index (79 more) » « Shrink index
Achnacarry (Achadh na Cairidh; 'field of the fish-trap/weir') is a small hamlet, private estate, and a castle in the Lochaber region of Highland, Scotland.
The Aller is a long river in the states of Saxony-Anhalt and Lower Saxony in Germany.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied landing on mainland Italy on 3 September 1943 during the Second World War, by British General Harold Alexander's 15th Army Group (comprising Lieutenant General Mark Clark's United States Fifth Army and General Bernard Montgomery's British Eighth Army).
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major World War II campaign, in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis Powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Army Reserve (previously known as the Territorial Force, Territorial Army (TA) and the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1920 to 2014) is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Bagpipes are a class of musical instrument, aerophones, using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.
A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.
The Battle of Anzio was an important battle of the Italian Campaign during World War II that began on January 22, 1944, with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle against the German forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno.
The Battle of Bréville was fought by the British 6th Airborne Division and the German 346th Infantry Division, between the 8 and 13 June 1944, during the invasion of Normandy in the Second World War.
The Battle of Crete (Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta; Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during World War II on the Greek island of Crete.
The Battle of Hill 170 was a battle between the British 3rd Commando Brigade and the Japanese 54th Division during the Second World War.
The Battle of Madagascar was the British campaign to capture Vichy French-controlled Madagascar during World War II.
The Battle of the Argenta Gap was an engagement which formed part of the Allied spring 1945 offensive during the Italian Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations by the Canadian First Army - consisting of Canadian, British and Polish formations - to open up the port of Antwerp so that it could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.
Bergen (in dialects of the city) is a city and municipality on the Bergen Peninsula in Hordaland county on the west coast of Norway.
William "Bill" Millin (14 July 1922 – 17 August 2010, Telegraph), commonly known as Piper Bill, was personal piper to Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, commander of 1 Special Service Brigade at D-Day.
Bletchley Park, in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England, was the central site of the United Kingdom's Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS), which during the Second World War regularly penetrated the secret communications of the Axis Powersmost importantly the German Enigma and Lorenz ciphers.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The British Army is the United Kingdom's principal land warfare force.
The British Commandos were formed during the Second World War in June 1940, following a request from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, for a force that could carry out raids against German-occupied Europe.
The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II was fought primarily between the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the forces of the Empire of Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army.
Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.
The Canal Defence Light (CDL) was a British "secret weapon" of the Second World War.
Chain Home, or CH for short, was the codename for the ring of coastal Early Warning radar stations built by the British before and during the Second World War to detect and track aircraft.
Commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.
Tank, Cruiser, Mk VIII, Cromwell (A27M), and the related Centaur (A27L) tank, were one of the most successful series of cruiser tanks fielded by Britain in the Second World War.
DD or Duplex Drive tanks, nicknamed "Donald Duck tanks", were a type of amphibious swimming tank developed by the British during the Second World War.
Brigadier Derek Mills-Roberts, CBE, DSO and bar, MC (23 November 1908 – 1 October 1980) was a British commando who fought with the 1st Special Service Brigade during World War II.
The Dieppe Raid, also known as the Battle of Dieppe, Operation Rutter and, later, Operation Jubilee, was an Allied attack on the German-occupied port of Dieppe during the Second World War.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations and British Empire, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
The Dodecanese Campaign of World War II was an attempt by Allied forces to capture the Italian-held Dodecanese islands in the Aegean Sea following the surrender of Italy in September 1943, and use them as bases against the German-controlled Balkans.
Dozulé is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northern France.
The DUKW (colloquially known as Duck) is a six-wheel-drive amphibious modification of the 2-ton capacity CCKW trucks used by the U.S. military in World War II.
New!!: 1st Special Service Brigade and DUKW ·
E-boat (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") was the Western Allies' designation for fast attack craft of the Kriegsmarine during World War II.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
New!!: 1st Special Service Brigade and Elbe ·
An Enigma machine was a series of electro-mechanical rotor cipher machines developed and used in the early to early-mid twentieth century for commercial and military usage.
Erhard Milch (30 March 1892 – 25 January 1972) was a German field marshal who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe as part of the re-armament of Germany following World War I, and served as founding Director of Deutsche Luft Hansa.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
Guernsey (/ˈgɜ:nzi/), officially the Bailiwick of Guernsey (Bailliage de Guernesey), is a possession of the British Crown in right of Guernsey in the English Channel, off the coast of Normandy.
Haakon VII (Prince Carl of Denmark and Iceland, born Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel; 3 August 1872 21 September 1957), known as Prince Carl of Denmark until 1905, was the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the union with Sweden.
Herdla is a former municipality in Hordaland county, Norway.
Hugh Kenyon Molesworth Kindersley, 2nd Baron Kindersley of West Hoathly CBE, MC (7 May 1899 Knightsbridge, London – 6 October 1976, Tonbridge, Kent) was a British businessman, banker and soldier.
An Independent Company was a formation of the British Army during the Second World War.
The Invasion of Normandy was the invasion by and establishment of Western Allied forces in Normandy, during Operation Overlord in 1944 during World War II; the largest amphibious invasion to ever take place.
Inveraray (or; Inbhir Aora; "mouth of the Aray") is a town in Argyll and Bute, Scotland.
The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
John Frederick Durnford-Slater, DSO and bar (1909 – 5 February 1972) was a British Army officer who was credited with raising the first Army commando unit during the Second World War.
Anthony Percival Johnson DSO (died 12 June 1944), known as Johnny Johnson, was a British Army officer.
Lüneburg (officially the Hanseatic Town of Lüneburg, German: Hansestadt Lüneburg,, Low German Lümborg, Polabian Glain), also called Lunenburg in English, is a town in the German state of Lower Saxony.
Lochailort (Ceann Loch Ailleart) is a hamlet in Scotland that lies at the head of Loch Ailort, a sea loch, on the junction of the Road to the Isles (A830) between Fort William and Mallaig with the A861 loop towards Salen and Strontian.
Lofoten is an archipelago and a traditional district in the county of Nordland, Norway.
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most numerous battle tank used by the United States and some other Western Allies in World War II.
Måløy (English approximation) is a town and the administrative centre of the municipality of Vågsøy in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
A motor launch (ML) is a small military vessel in British navy service.
A naval trawler is a vessel built along the lines of a fishing trawler but fitted out for naval purposes.
Neustadt in Holstein is a town in the district of Ostholstein, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO), sometimes spelled noncommissioned officer and sometimes referred to colloquially as a non-com, called a sub-officer, in some countries, is a military officer who has not been given a commission.
Normandy (Normandie, pronounced, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is a geographical region of France corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy.
The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
During the Second World War, the North African Campaign took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
North-West Europe Campaign of 1944–1945 is a battle honour earned by regiments in the Commonwealth forces during the Second World War.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.
Norwegian Independent Company 1 (NOR.I.C.1, pronounced Norisén (approx. "noor-ee-sehn") in Norwegian) was a British Special Operations Executive (SOE) group formed in March 1941 originally for the purpose of performing commando raids during the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany.
Operation Ambassador was an operation carried out by British Commandos on 14–15 July 1940 within the context of the Second World War.
Operation Archery, also known as the Måløy Raid, was a British Combined Operations raid during World War II against German positions on the island of Vågsøy, Norway, on 27 December 1941.
Operation Claymore was the codename for a British Commandos raid on the Lofoten Islands in Norway during the Second World War.
Operation Devon was the codeword given to an amphibious landing by British Commandos at Termoli on the Adriatic coast of Italy during the Second World War.
Operation Overlord was the code name for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II.
Beginning on the night of 23 March 1945, Operation Plunder was the crossing of the River Rhine at Rees, Wesel, and south of the Lippe River by the British 2nd Army, under Lieutenant-General Miles Dempsey (Operations Turnscrew, Widgeon, and Torchlight), and the U.S. Ninth Army (Operation Flashpoint), under Lieutenant General William Simpson.
Operation Roast was a military operation by British Commandos, at Comacchio lagoon in north east Italy, during the Spring 1945 offensive in Italy during the Second World War.
Operation Varsity (24 March 1945) was a successful joint American, British and Canadian airborne operation that took place toward the end of World War II.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
Ouistreham is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
Colonel Patrick Anthony Porteous VC (1 January 1918 – 9 October 2000) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Pegasus Bridge is a bascule bridge (a type of movable bridge), that was built in 1934, that crossed the Caen Canal, between Caen and Ouistreham, in Normandy, France.
Brigadier Peter Young DSO, MC & Two Bars (28 July 1915 – 13 September 1988) was a British Second World War soldier who served in the commandos, eventually commanding a brigade.
The Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank (PIAT) was a British man-portable anti-tank weapon developed during the Second World War.
New!!: 1st Special Service Brigade and PIAT ·
A quisling is a person who collaborates with an enemy occupying force.
Ranville is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.
Colonel Richard Geoffrey Pine-Coffin DSO & Bar, MC (2 December 1908 – 28 February 1974) was a parachute officer of the British Army during World War II.
Major General Sir Robert Edward Laycock, KCMG, CB, DSO, KStJ (18 April 1907 – 10 March 1968) was a British Army officer, most famous for his service with the Commandos during the Second World War.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the United Kingdom's amphibious light infantry force, forming part of the Naval Service, along with the Royal Navy.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's principal naval warfare force.
The Schutzstaffel (abbreviated as SS), "protection squadron" or "defence corps"; also with stylized "Armanen" ''sig'' runes) was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). It began with a small, permanent guard unit known as the "Saal-Schutz" (Hall-Protection) made up of NSDAP volunteers to provide security for Nazi Party meetings in Munich. Later, in 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit, which had by then been reformed and renamed the "Schutz-Staffel". Under Himmler's leadership (1929–45), it grew from a small paramilitary formation to one of the largest and most powerful organizations in the Third Reich. Built upon the Nazi ideology, the SS under Himmler's command was responsible for many crimes against humanity during World War II (1939–45). The SS, along with the Nazi Party, was declared a criminal organization by the International Military Tribunal, and banned in Germany after 1945.
Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Scottish Highlands, known locally simply as the Highlands (A' Ghàidhealtachd, "the place of the Gaels"; the Hielands) are a historic region of Scotland.
A shell is a payload-carrying projectile which, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot (AP, APCR, APCNR, APDS, APFSDS and proof shot).
Brigadier Simon Christopher Joseph Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat and 4th Baron Lovat, JP, DL, DSO, MC, TD (9 July 1911 in Beaufort Castle, Inverness, Scotland – 16 March 1995 in Beauly, Inverness-shire, Scotland) was the 25th Chief of the Clan Fraser of Lovat and a prominent British Commando during the Second World War.
Spean Bridge (Drochaid Aonachain) is a village in the parish of Kilmonivaig, in the Highland region of Scotland.
Cap Arcona, named after Cape Arkona on the island of Rügen, was a large German ocean liner built for the Hamburg Südamerikanische Dampfschifffahrts-Gesellschaft ("Hamburg-South America Line").
The St Nazaire Raid or Operation Chariot was a successful British amphibious attack on the heavily defended Normandie dry dock at St Nazaire in German-occupied France during the Second World War.
Steam gun boat (SGB) was a Royal Navy term for a class of small naval vessels used during the Second World War.
Sword, commonly known as Sword Beach, was the code name given to one of the five main landing areas along the Normandy coast during the initial assault phase, Operation Neptune, of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of German-occupied France that commenced on 6 June 1944.
The Syria–Lebanon campaign, also known as Operation Exporter, was the Allied invasion of Vichy French-controlled Syria and Lebanon in June–July 1941, during World War II.
The modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
The Tunisia Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Vågsøy is a municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various Commonwealth countries, and previous British Empire territories.
Wesel is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Weser is a river in north-western Germany.
Winchester rifle is a comprehensive term describing a series of lever-action repeating rifles manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
The 12th (Yorkshire) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The 1978 South Lebanon conflict (code-named Operation Litani by Israel) was an invasion of Lebanon up to the Litani River, carried out by the Israel Defense Forces in 1978 in response to the Coastal Road massacre.
The 2nd Special Service Brigade was formed in late 1943 in the Middle East and saw service in Italy, the Adriatic, the landings at Anzio and took part in operations in Yugoslavia.
3 Commando Brigade is a commando formation of the British Armed Forces and the main manoeuvre formation of the Royal Marines.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
45 Commando Royal Marines (pronounced "four-five commando") is a battalion sized unit of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines, the principal Commando formation, under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet.
The 4th Special Service Brigade was a brigade-sized formation of the British Commandos formed during the Second World War in March 1944 from battalion-sized units of the Royal Marines.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the Great War from 1915 to 1918.
The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army.
The 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, formed by the British Army during the Second World War.
The 8th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II before being disbanded and reactivated in the 1960s, finally being disbanded in 2006.