144 relations: Abascantus, Achilles Tatius, Akiva ben Joseph, Almagest, Antonine Plague, Antonine Wall, Antoninus Pius, Apollodorus of Damascus, Apuleius, Armillary sphere, Arrian, Astronomer, Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world, Aulus Gellius, Bar Kokhba revolt, Cai Lun, Cardinal direction, Central Asia, Chariton, China, Classical antiquity, Commodus, Common Era, Dacia, Earthquake, End of the Han dynasty, Engineer, England, Epictetus, Faxian, Galen, Gandhara, Geographer, Geography (Ptolemy), Gladiator (2000 film), Hadrian, Hadrian's Wall, Han dynasty, Heresy in Christianity, History by period, History of the Han dynasty, Hydraulics, Hyginus Gromaticus, Ignatius of Antioch, Invention, Irenaeus, Java, Jerusalem, Jewish–Roman wars, Jews, ..., Johannes Kepler, Judah the Prince, Julia Domna, Julian calendar, Justin Martyr, Juvenal, Kingdom of Aksum, Kitos War, Kudungga, Lahore, Lahore Museum, Lesser Armenia, List of Roman and Byzantine Empresses, Longus, Lucian, Lucius Verus, Madhyamaka, Marcion of Sinope, Marcionism, Marcomannic Wars, Marcus Aurelius, Marcus Cornelius Fronto, Mesopotamia (Roman province), Mishnah, Montanism, Nagarjuna, Nerva, Nicolaus Copernicus, Numidia, Pakistan, Parthian Empire, Patriarch of Antioch, Pax Romana, Pergamon, Pliny the Younger, Plutarch, Poet, Polycarp, Pope Victor I, Ptolemy, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lyon, Roman emperor, Roman Empire, Roman province, Roman–Parthian War of 161–166, Rome, Scotland, Seismometer, Septimius Severus, Simon bar Kokhba, Smyrna, Star, Suetonius, Tacitus, Taoism, Tetrabiblos, Trajan, Trajan's Dacian Wars, Valentinus (Gnostic), Vatican Museums, Xenophon of Ephesus, Year of the Five Emperors, Yellow Turban Rebellion, Zhang Daoling, Zhang Heng, Zhang Zhongjing, 101, 102, 105, 106, 114, 115, 116, 117, 122, 125, 132, 135, 142, 144, 161, 165, 166, 167, 175, 178, 180, 184, 192, 193, 200, 205, 211, 96. Expand index (94 more) » « Shrink index
Abascantus (Greek Ἀβάσκαντος) was a physician of Lugdunum, who probably lived in the 2nd century.
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Achilles Tatius (Greek: Ἀχιλλεὺς Τάτιος) of Alexandria was a Roman era Greek writer whose fame is attached to his only surviving work, the ancient Greek novel or romance The Adventures of Leucippe and Clitophon.
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Akiva ben Joseph (עקיבא בן יוסף; c. 40 – c. 137 CE), widely known as Rabbi Akiva (רבי עקיבא), was a tanna of the latter part of the 1st century and the beginning of the 2nd century (3rd tannaitic generation).
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The Almagest is a 2nd-century mathematical and astronomical treatise on the apparent motions of the stars and planetary paths.
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The Antonine Plague of 165–180 AD—also known as the Plague of Galen, who described it—was an ancient pandemic brought back to the Roman Empire by troops returning from campaigns in the Near East.
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The Antonine Wall was a turf fortification on stone foundations, built by the Romans across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde.
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Antoninus Pius (Titus Fulvus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius;Weigel, Antoninus Pius born 19 September, 86 AD – died 7 March, 161 AD), also known as Antoninus, was Roman Emperor from 138 to 161.
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Apollodorus of Damascus (Ἀπολλόδωρος) was a Greek engineer, architect, designer and sculptor from Damascus, Roman Syria, who flourished during the 2nd century AD.
Apuleius (also called Lucius Apuleius Madaurensis; c. 124 – c. 170 AD) was a Latin-language prose writer.
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An armillary sphere (variations are known as spherical astrolabe, armilla, or armil) is a model of objects in the sky (in the celestial sphere), consisting of a spherical framework of rings, centred on Earth or the Sun, that represent lines of celestial longitude and latitude and other astronomically important features such as the ecliptic.
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Arrian of Nicomedia (Lucius Flavius Arrianus; Greek Αρριανός Arrianós) was born in Greece, and a historian, public servant, military commander and philosopher of the Roman period.
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An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who studies stars, planets, moons, comets, and galaxies, as well as many other celestial objects.
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Islamic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (8th–15th centuries), and mostly written in the Arabic language.
Aulus Gellius (c. 125 – after 180 AD) was a Latin author and grammarian, who was probably born and certainly brought up in Rome.
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The Bar Kokhba revolt (מרד בר כוכבא or mered Bar Kokhba), was a rebellion of the Jews of Judea Province, led by Simon bar Kokhba, against the Roman Empire.
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Cai Lun (ca. 50 AD – 121), courtesy name Jingzhong (敬仲), was a Han dynasty Chinese eunuch and official.
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The four cardinal directions or cardinal points are the directions of north, east, south, and west, commonly denoted by their initials: N, E, S, W. East and west are at right angles to north and south, with east being in the clockwise direction of rotation from north and west being directly opposite east.
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Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
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Chariton of Aphrodisias (Χαρίτων Ἀφροδισεύς) was the author of an ancient Greek novel probably titled Callirhoe (based on the subscription in the sole surviving manuscript), though it is regularly referred to as Chaereas and Callirhoe (which more closely aligns with the title given at the head of the manuscript).
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
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Commodus (Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus; 31 August 161 AD – 31 December 192 AD), was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192.
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Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).
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In ancient geography, especially in Roman sources, Dacia was the land inhabited by the Dacians.
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An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, which can be violent enough to destroy major buildings and kill thousands of people.
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The end of the Han dynasty refers to the period from 189 to 220, which roughly coincides with the reign of the Han dynasty's last ruler, Emperor Xian.
An engineer is a professional practitioner of engineering, concerned with applying scientific knowledge, mathematics, and ingenuity to develop solutions for technical, societal and commercial problems.
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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
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Epictetus (Ἐπίκτητος; A.D. c. 55 – 135) was a Greek speaking Stoic philosopher.
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Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.
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Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; AD 129 – /), better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a prominent Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman empire.
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Gandhāra (ګندارا, گندھارا, Avestan: Vaēkərəta, Sanskrit Puruṣapura, Old Persian Para-upari-sena, Bactrian Paropamisadae, Greek Caspatyrus) is the ancient term for the city, and old kingdom of Peshawar, which encompassed the Swat valley, and the Potohar Plateau regions of Pakistan as well as the Jalalabad district of modern-day Afghanistan.
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A geographer is a scholar whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's natural environment and human society.
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The Geography (Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, "Geographical Guidance"), also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazeteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.
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Gladiator is a 2000 epic historical drama film directed by Ridley Scott, starring Russell Crowe, Joaquin Phoenix, Connie Nielsen, Ralf Möller, Oliver Reed (in his final film role), Djimon Hounsou, Derek Jacobi, John Shrapnel, and Richard Harris.
Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus;In Classical Latin, Hadrian's name would be inscribed as PVBLIVS AELIVS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.As emperor his name was Imperator Caesar Divi Traiani filius Traianus Hadrianus Augustus. 24 January, 76 AD – 10 July, 138 AD) was Roman emperor from 117 to 138. He rebuilt the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. He is also known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Britannia. Hadrian was regarded by some as a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He is regarded as one of the Five Good Emperors. Hadrian was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus into a Hispano-Roman family. Although Italica near Santiponce (in modern-day Spain) is often considered his birthplace, his place of birth remains uncertain. However, it is generally accepted that he comes of a family with centuries-old roots in Hispania. His predecessor Trajan was a maternal cousin of Hadrian's father. Trajan never officially designated an heir, but according to his wife Pompeia Plotina, Trajan named Hadrian emperor immediately before his death. Trajan's wife and his friend Licinius Sura were well-disposed towards Hadrian, and he may well have owed his succession to them. During his reign, Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire. An ardent admirer of Greece, he sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire and ordered the construction of many opulent temples in the city. He used his relationship with his Greek lover Antinous to underline his philhellenism and led to the creation of one of the most popular cults of ancient times. He spent extensive amounts of his time with the military; he usually wore military attire and even dined and slept amongst the soldiers. He ordered military training and drilling to be more rigorous and even made use of false reports of attack to keep the army alert. Upon his accession to the throne, Hadrian withdrew from Trajan's conquests in Mesopotamia and Armenia, and even considered abandoning Dacia. Late in his reign he suppressed the Bar Kokhba revolt in Judaea, renaming the province Syria Palaestina. In 136 an ailing Hadrian adopted Lucius Aelius as his heir, but the latter died suddenly two years later. In 138, Hadrian resolved to adopt Antoninus Pius if he would in turn adopt Marcus Aurelius and Aelius' son Lucius Verus as his own eventual successors. Antoninus agreed, and soon afterward Hadrian died at Baiae.
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Hadrian's Wall (Vallum Aelium), also called the Roman Wall, Picts' Wall, or Vallum Hadriani in Latin, was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, begun in 122 AD during the reign of the emperor Hadrian.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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When heresy is used today with reference to Christianity, it denotes the formal denial or doubt of a core doctrine of the Christian faithJ.D Douglas (ed).
Whether one can precisely define a time window as 'High Middle Ages' or 'Early Middle Ages' the title evokes an image and expectations in the reader of certain sets of characteristics—the essential essence of such labeling—a communications tool from one mind to another.
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The Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE), founded by the peasant rebel leader Liu Bang (known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu),From the Shang to the Sui dynasties, Chinese rulers were referred to in later records by their posthumous names, while emperors of the Tang to Yuan dynasties were referred to by their temple names, and emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties were referred to by single era names for their rule.
Hydraulics is a topic in applied science and engineering dealing with the mechanical properties of liquids or fluids.
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Hyginus Gromaticus (Gromaticus from groma, a surveying device) was a Latin writer on land-surveying, who flourished in the reign of Trajan (AD 98–117).
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Ignatius of Antioch (Ἰγνάτιος Ἀντιοχείας, Ignátios Antiokheías; or 50 – 98 to 117), also known as Ignatius Theophorus (Ιγνάτιος ὁ Θεοφόρος, Ignátios ho Theophóros, lit. "the God-bearing"), was an Apostolic Father and the third bishop of Antioch.
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An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process.
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Irenaeus (Greek: Εἰρηναῖος) (early 2nd century – c. AD 202), also referred to as Saint Irenaeus, was Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul, then a part of the Roman Empire (now Lyon, France).
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Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ) is an island of Indonesia.
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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.
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The Jewish–Roman wars were a series of large-scale revolts by the Jews of the Eastern Mediterranean against the Roman Empire between 66 and 135 CE.
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The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
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Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
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Judah the Prince (יהודה הנשיא, Yehudah HaNasi) or Judah I, also known as Rabbi or Rabbenu HaQadosh (רבנו הקדוש, "our Master, the holy one"), was a 2nd-century CE rabbi and chief redactor and editor of the Mishnah.
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Julia Domna, also known as Julia Domma, (170 AD –217 AD) was a member of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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Justin Martyr, also known as Saint Justin (100 – 165 AD), was an early Christian apologist, and is regarded as the foremost interpreter of the theory of the Logos in the 2nd century.
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Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis, known in English as Juvenal, was a Roman poet active in the late 1st and early 2nd century CE, author of the Satires.
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The Kingdom of Aksum or Axum, also known as the Aksumite Empire, was a trading nation in the area of northern Ethiopia and Eritrea pre-Islamic Arabs, which existed from approximately 100–940 AD.
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The Kitos War (115–117) (מרד הגלויות: mered ha'galuyot or mered ha'tfutzot (מרד התפוצות); translation: rebellion of the diaspora) occurred during the period of the Jewish–Roman wars, 66-135.
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Kudungga is the founder of the kingdom of Kutai Martadipura king with the title of Maharaja Kudungga Anumerta Dewawarman, who ruled around the year 350 AD or 4th century AD.
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Lahore (ALA-LC:; لہور, لاہور ALA-LC) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, the second largest metropolitan area in the country and 16th most populous city in the world.
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The Lahore Museum (لاہور میوزیم, لاہور عجائب گھر), was originally established in 1865-66 on the site of the hall or building of the 1864 Punjab Exhibition and later shifted to its present site located on The Mall, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan in 1894.
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Lesser Armenia (Փոքր Հայք, Pokr Hayk; Armenia Minor), also known as Armenia Minor and Armenia Inferior, refers to the Armenian populated regions, primarily to the west and northwest of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia (also known as Kingdom of Greater Armenia).
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This is a list of women who were Roman Empress, i.e. the wife of the Roman Emperor, the ruler of the Roman Empire.
Longus, sometimes Longos (Λόγγος), was the author of an ancient Greek novel or romance, Daphnis and Chloe.
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Lucian of Samosata (Λουκιανὸς ὁ Σαμοσατεύς, Lucianus Samosatensis; – after AD 180) was a rhetorician and satirist who wrote in the Greek language.
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Lucius Verus (lvcivs avrelivs vervs avgvstvs; 15 December 130 – 169) was the Roman Emperor from 161 to 169.
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Madhyamaka (Sanskrit: मध्यमक, Madhyamaka,; also known as Śūnyavāda) refers primarily to a Mahāyāna Buddhist school of philosophy founded by Nāgārjuna.
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Marcion of Sinope (Greek: Μαρκίων Σινώπης; c. 85 – c. 160) was an important leader in early Christianity.
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Marcionism was an Early Christian dualist belief system that originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around the year 144.
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The Marcomannic Wars (Latin: bellum Germanicum et Sarmaticum, "German and Sarmatian War") were a series of wars lasting over a dozen years from about AD 166 until 180.
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Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180.
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Marcus Cornelius Fronto (c. 100late 160s), Roman grammarian, rhetorician and advocate, was born at Cirta in Numidia.
Mesopotamia was the name of two distinct Roman provinces, the one a short-lived creation of the Roman Emperor Trajan in 116–117 and the other established by Emperor Septimius Severus in ca.
The Mishnah or Mishna (מִשְׁנָה, "study by repetition"), from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary," is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions known as the "Oral Torah".
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Montanism, known by its adherents as the New Prophecy, was an early Christian movement of the late 2nd century, later referred to by the name of its founder, Montanus.
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Nāgārjuna (c. 150 – c. 250 CE) is widely considered one of the most important Buddhist philosophers after Gautama Buddha.
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Nerva (Marcus Cocceius Nerva Caesar Augustus; 8 November, 30 AD – 27 January, 98 AD), was Roman Emperor from 96 to 98.
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Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik; Nikolaus Kopernikus; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe.
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Numidia (202 BC – 46 BC) was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia, in North Africa.
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Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.
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The Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran.
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Patriarch of Antioch is a traditional title held by the Bishop of Antioch.
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Pax Romana (Latin for "Roman Peace") was the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by the Roman military force experienced by the Roman Empire after the end of the Final War of the Roman Republic and before the beginning of the Crisis of the Third Century.
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Pergamon or or Pergamum (τὸ Πέργαμον, to Pergamon, or ἡ Πέργαμος, hē Pergamos) was an ancient Greek city in Aeolis, currently located from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern-day Bakırçay).
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Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus, born Gaius Caecilius or Gaius Caecilius Cilo (61 – c. 113), better known as Pliny the Younger, was a lawyer, author, and magistrate of Ancient Rome.
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Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος); c. AD 46 – AD 120) was a Greek historian, biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
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A poet is a person who writes poetry.
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Polycarp (Πολύκαρπος, Polýkarpos; AD 69 – 155) was a 2nd-century Christian bishop of Smyrna.
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Pope Victor I (died 199) was a bishop of Rome, and hence a pope, in the late second century.
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Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos,; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Egyptian writer of Alexandria, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
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The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy (293 AD), largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of Italy.
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The Roman–Parthian War of 161–166 (also called the Parthian War of Lucius Verus) was fought between the Roman and Parthian Empires over Armenia and Upper Mesopotamia.
Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.
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Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
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Seismometers are instruments that measure motion of the ground, including those of seismic waves generated by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and other seismic sources.
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Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus; 11 April 145 – 4 February 211), also known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211.
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Simon bar Kokhba (שמעון בר כוכבא) (died 135 CE) was the Jewish leader of what is known as the Bar Kokhba revolt against the Roman Empire in 132 CE, establishing an independent Jewish state which he ruled for three years as Nasi ("Prince").
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Smyrna (Σμύρνη or Σμύρνα) was an ancient city located at a central and strategic point on the Aegean coast of Anatolia.
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A star is a luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity.
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Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, commonly known as Suetonius (c. 69 – after 122 AD), was a Roman historian belonging to the equestrian order who wrote during the early Imperial era of the Roman Empire. His most important surviving work is a set of biographies of twelve successive Roman rulers, from Julius Caesar to Domitian, entitled ''De Vita Caesarum''. He recorded the earliest accounts of Julius Caesar's epileptic seizures. Other works by Suetonius concern the daily life of Rome, politics, oratory, and the lives of famous writers, including poets, historians, and grammarians. A few of these books have partially survived, but many have been lost.
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Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (c. AD 56 – after 117) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire.
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Taoism (sometimes Daoism) is a philosophical, ethical or religious tradition of Chinese origin, or faith of Chinese exemplification, that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
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Tetrabiblos (Τετράβιβλος) 'four books', also known in Greek as Apotelesmatiká (Ἀποτελεσματικά) "Effects", and in Latin as Quadripartitum "Four Parts", is a text on the philosophy and practice of astrology, written in the 2nd century AD by the Alexandrian scholar Claudius Ptolemy (AD 90– AD 168).
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Trajan (Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Divi Nervae filius Augustus; September 18, 53 – August 8, 117 AD) was Roman emperor from 98 AD until his death in 117 AD.
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The Dacian Wars (101–102, 105–106) were two military campaigns fought between the Roman Empire and Dacia during Roman Emperor Trajan's rule.
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Valentinus (also spelled Valentinius; 100 – 160) was the best known and for a time most successful early Christian gnostic theologian.
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The Vatican Museums (Musei Vaticani) are the museums of the Vatican City and are located within the city's boundaries.
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Xenophon of Ephesus (Ξενοφῶν; fl. 2nd century – 3rd century AD) was a Greek writer.
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The Year of the Five Emperors refers to the year 193 AD, in which there were five claimants for the title of Roman Emperor.
The Yellow Turban Rebellion, also translated as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion, was a peasant revolt in China against the Han dynasty.
Zhang Ling (34–156), courtesy name Fuhan, was an Eastern Han Dynasty Taoist figure credited with founding the Way of the Celestial Masters sect of Taoism, which is also known as the Way of the Five Pecks of Rice.
New!!: 2nd century and Zhang Daoling ·
Zhang Heng (Chinese: t 衡, s 衡, p Zhāng Héng; AD 78–139), formerly romanized as Chang Hêng, was a Han Chinese polymath from Nanyang who lived during the Han dynasty.
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Zhang Zhongjing (张仲景) (150219), formal name Zhang Ji (张机), was a Han Dynasty physician and one of the most eminent Chinese physicians during the later years of the Han Dynasty.
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Year 101 (CI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 102 (CII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 105 (CV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 106 (CVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 114 (CXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 115 (CXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 116 (CXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 117 (CXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 122 (CXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 125 (CXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 132 (CXXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 135 (CXXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 142 (CXLII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 144 (CXLIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 161 (CLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 165 (CLXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 166 (CLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 167 (CLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 175 (CLXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 178 (CLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 180 (CLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 184 (CLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 192 (CXCII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 193 (CXCIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 200 (CC) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 205 (CCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 211 (CCXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 96 (XCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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2 Century, 2nd CE, 2nd Century, 2nd Century AD, 2nd century A.D., 2nd century AD, 2nd century CE, 2nd-century, II Century, II century, Second Century, Second Century AD, Second century, Second century AD, Second century CE, Year in Review 2nd Century.