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3 BC

Year 3 BC was a common year starting on Wednesday or Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. [1]

41 relations: Ab urbe condita, Anno Domini, Bohemia, Calendar era, Command (military formation), Common year starting on Thursday, Common year starting on Tuesday, Common year starting on Wednesday, Confederation, Consort Fu, Consul, Elbe, Elizabeth (biblical figure), Ems (river), Gabriel, Galba, Germania, Germanic peoples, Han dynasty, Hermunduri, Herod the Great, Jerusalem, John the Baptist, Judaean Mountains, Julian calendar, Lombards, Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 16 BC), Marcomanni, Maroboduus, Marsh, Monarch, Proleptic Julian calendar, Rhine, Roman army, Roman emperor, Semnones, Seneca the Younger, Vandals, Zechariah (priest), 65, 69.

Ab urbe condita

"ab urbe condita" (related to "anno urbis conditae"; A. U. C., AUC, a.u.c.; also "anno urbis", short a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Bohemia

Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia) is a region in the Czech Republic.

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Calendar era

A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.

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Command (military formation)

A command in military terminology is an organisational unit for which the individual in Military command is responsible.

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Common year starting on Thursday

This is the calendar for any common year starting on Thursday, January 1 (dominical letter D).

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Common year starting on Tuesday

This is the calendar for any common year starting on Tuesday, January 1 (dominical letter F).

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Common year starting on Wednesday

This is the calendar for any common year starting on Wednesday, January 1 (dominical letter E).

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Confederation

A confederation (also known as confederacy or league) is a union of political units for common action in relation to other units.

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Consort Fu

Consort Fu (傅昭儀, personal name unknown) (died 3 BC) was an imperial consort during Han Dynasty.

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Consul

Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.

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Elbe

The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.

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Elizabeth (biblical figure)

Elizabeth, also spelled Elisabeth (Greek Ἐλισάβετ) or Elisheba (from the Hebrew אֱלִישֶׁבַע / אֱלִישָׁבַע "My God has sworn"; Standard Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew; Arabic أليصاباتAlyassabat), was the mother of John the Baptist and the wife of Zechariah, according to the Gospel of Luke.

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Ems (river)

The Ems (Ems; Eems) is a river in northwestern Germany.

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Gabriel

In the Abrahamic religions, Gabriel (Arabic: جبريل, Jibrīl or جبرائيل Jibrāʾīl; Ancient Greek: Γαβριήλ, Gabriēl) is an angel who typically serves as a messenger sent from God to certain people.

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Galba

Galba (Servius Sulpicius Galba Caesar Augustus; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January 69), was Roman Emperor for seven months from 68 to 69.

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Germania

Germania (Germanía) was the Roman and Greek term for the geographical region inhabited mainly by the Germanic people.

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Germanic peoples

The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin, identified by their use of the Germanic languages which diversified out of Proto-Germanic starting during the Pre-Roman Iron Age.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.

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Hermunduri

The Hermunduri, Hermanduri, Hermunduli, Hermonduri, or Hermonduli were an ancient Germanic tribe, who occupied an area near the Elbe river, around what is now Thuringia, Bohemia, Saxony (in East Germany), and Franconia in northern Bavaria, from the first to the third century.

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Herod the Great

Herod (הוֹרְדוֹס, Hordos, Greek: Ἡρῴδης, Hērōdēs; 74/73 BCE – 4 BCE), also known as Herod the Great and Herod I, was a Roman client king of Judea, referred to as the Herodian kingdom.

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Jerusalem

Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.

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John the Baptist

John the Baptist (Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστής Ioannēs ho baptistēs or Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτίζων Ioannēs ho baptizōn Lang, Bernhard (2009) International Review of Biblical Studies Brill Academic Pub ISBN 9004172548 Page 380 – "33/34 CE Herod Antipas's marriage to Herodias (and beginning of the ministry of Jesus in a sabbatical year); 35 CE – death of John the Baptist" was an itinerant preacherCross, F. L. (ed.) (2005) Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed. Oxford University Press ISBN 978-0-19-280290-3, article "John the Baptist, St" and a major religious figureFunk, Robert W. & the Jesus Seminar (1998). The Acts of Jesus: the search for the authentic deeds of Jesus. San Francisco: Harper; "John the Baptist" cameo, p. 268 in Christianity, Islam, the Bahá'í Faith, and Mandaeism. John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins.Crossan, John Dominic (1998). The Essential Jesus. Edison: Castle Books; p. 146 Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus. Scholars generally believe Jesus was a follower or disciple of JohnSanders, E.P. (1985) Jesus and Judaism. Philadelphia: Fortress Press; p. 91 and several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus' early followers had previously been followers of John.Harris, Stephen L. (1985) Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield John the Baptist is also mentioned by the Jewish historian Josephus. Some scholars maintain that John was influenced by the semi-ascetic Essenes, who expected an apocalypse and practiced rituals corresponding strongly with baptism, although no direct evidence substantiates this. According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself,Funk, Robert W. & the Jesus Seminar (1998). The Acts of Jesus: the search for the authentic deeds of Jesus.San Francisco: Harper; "Mark," pp. 51–161. and Jesus was the one whose coming John foretold. Christians commonly refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus, since John announces Jesus' coming. John is also identified with the prophet Elijah.Stephen L. Harris, Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield. 1985. ISBN 1-55934-655-8.

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Judaean Mountains

The Judaean Mountains (הרי יהודה Harei Yehuda, جبال يهودا Jibal Yahuda), also Judaean Hills, is a mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located.

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Julian calendar

The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.

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Lombards

The Lombards or Langobards (Langobardī, Italian Longobardi), were a Germanic tribe who ruled Italy from 568 to 774.

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Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 16 BC)

Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (born ca. 49 BC) was the son and only child of consul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Aemilia Lepida.

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Marcomanni

The Marcomanni were a Germanic tribal confederation, probably related to the Buri or the Suebi.

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Maroboduus

Maroboduus (born c. in 30 BC, died in AD 37), was king of the Marcomanni.

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Marsh

A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species.

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Monarch

A monarch is the sovereign head of state in a monarchy.

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Proleptic Julian calendar

The proleptic Julian calendar is produced by extending the Julian calendar backwards to dates preceding AD 4 when the quadrennial leap year stabilized.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Austrian, Swiss- Liechtenstein border, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands.

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Roman army

The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus, literally: Roman Army; Ancient Greek: στρατός/φοσσᾶτον Ῥωμαίων, transcription: stratos/fossaton Romaion) is a term encompassing the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the Roman Kingdom (to c. 500 BC), the Roman Republic (500–31 BC), the Roman Empire (31 BC – 395/476 AD) and its successor the East Roman or Byzantine Empire.

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Roman emperor

The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

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Semnones

The Semnones are located near the centre of the map. The orange area shows one view of the extent of the Suebian tribes in the first century AD.The Semnones were a Germanic tribe which was settled between the Elbe and the Oder in the 1st century when they were described by Tacitus in Germania: "The Semnones give themselves out to be the most ancient and renowned branch of the Suevi.

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Seneca the Younger

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known as Seneca the Younger or simply Seneca; c. 4 BC – AD 65) was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature.

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Vandals

The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe, or group of tribes, who were first heard of in southern Poland, but later moved around Europe establishing kingdoms in Spain and later North Africa in the 5th century.

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Zechariah (priest)

Zechariah (זכריה in Hebrew, Ζαχαρίας in Greek, Zacharias in KJV, Zachary in the Douay-Rheims Bible) is a figure in the Bible and the Quran.

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65

Year 65 (LXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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69

Year 69 (LXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Redirects here:

3 BCE, 3BC, 751 AUC.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3_BC

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