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3rd century

The 3rd century was the period from 201 to 300 A.D. In this century, the Roman Empire saw a crisis, marking the beginning of Late Antiquity. [1]

152 relations: Adena culture, Aemilius Papinianus, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ammonius Saccas, Anatolia, Andhra Pradesh, Antipope, Ardashir I, Aurelian, Bantu expansion, Baths of Caracalla, Battle of Red Cliffs, Buddhism, Byzantine Empire, Cao Cao, Cao Pi, Cao Wei, Caracalla, Carthage, Cassius Dio, Cassius Longinus (philosopher), Catacombs of Marcellinus and Peter, Catechetical School of Alexandria, Censorinus, Chernyakhov culture, China, Citizenship, Claudius Aelianus, Claudius Gothicus, Clement of Alexandria, Cleveland Museum of Art, Compass, Constantius Chlorus, Constitutio Antoniniana, Coptic period, Crisis of the Third Century, Cyprian, Dexippus, Diocletian, Diogenes Laërtius, Diophantus, Eastern Wu, Elagabalus, Emperor Wu of Jin, Gaius Julius Solinus, Gallic Empire, Gallienus, Gothiscandza, Goths, Guan Yu, ..., Gupta Empire, Han dynasty, Heliodorus of Emesa, Herodian, Hippolytus of Rome, Hopewell tradition, Iamblichus, India, Indian subcontinent, Iran, Japan, Jin dynasty (265–420), Julia Domna, Julia Maesa, Julius Paulus Prudentissimus, Jurist, Kingdom of Funan, Kofun period, Korea, Kushan Empire, Land mine, Late Antiquity, Liu Bei, Liu Hui, Liu Qubei, Ma Jun, Magerius Mosaic, Maize, Mani (prophet), Manichaeism, Marcus Aurelius Probus, Marius Maximus, Maximinus Thrax, Maya civilization, Mediterranean Sea, Mexico, Military, Monarchy, Nagarjuna, Nagarjunakonda, National Museum, New Delhi, North America, Ohio River, Origen, Palmyrene Empire, Pappus of Alexandria, Parthian Empire, Philip the Arab, Plotinus, Pope Cornelius, Porphyry (philosopher), Repeating crossbow, Roman emperor, Roman Empire, Rome, Sarnath, Sasanian Empire, Sasanian family tree, Septimius Severus, Severan dynasty, Severus Alexander, Sextus Julius Africanus, Shapur I, Sky lantern, South-pointing chariot, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sun Quan, Tertullian, Tetricus I, Three Kingdoms, Three Kingdoms of Korea, Ukraine, Valerian (emperor), Villa Torlonia (Rome), Wheelbarrow, Wooden ox, Xia (Sixteen Kingdoms), Xiongnu, Zenobia, Zhuge Liang, 1st millennium in North American history, 201, 208, 211, 212, 216, 217, 220, 222, 230, 232, 235, 250, 258, 260, 265, 280, 284, 300, 305, 538. Expand index (102 more) »

Adena culture

The Adena culture was a Pre-Columbian Native American culture that existed from 1000 to 200 BC, in a time known as the Early Woodland period.

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Aemilius Papinianus

Aemilius Papinianus (142–212), also known as Papinian, was a celebrated Roman jurist, magister libellorum, attorney general (advocatus fisci) and, after the death of Gaius Fulvius Plautianus in 205, praetorian prefect.

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Alexander of Aphrodisias

Alexander of Aphrodisias (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Ἀφροδισιεύς; fl. 200 AD) was a Peripatetic philosopher and the most celebrated of the Ancient Greek commentators on the writings of Aristotle.

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Ammonius Saccas

Ammonius Saccas (Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who was often referred to as one of the founders of Neoplatonism.

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Anatolia

Anatolia (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ — "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern), in geography known as Asia Minor (from Mīkrá Asía — "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, Anatolian peninsula, or Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of the Republic of Turkey.

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Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India, situated on the southeastern coast of the country.

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Antipope

An antipope (antipapa) is a person who, in opposition to the one who is generally seen as the legitimately elected Pope, makes a significantly accepted competing claim to be the Pope, the Bishop of Rome and leader of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Ardashir I

Ardashir I or Ardeshir I (Middle Persian:, New Persian: اردشیر), also known as Ardashir the Unifier (180–242 AD), was the founder of the Sasanian Empire.

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Aurelian

Aurelian (Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Augustus; 9 September 214 or 215 – September or October 275), was Roman Emperor from 270 to 275.

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Bantu expansion

The Bantu expansion is the name for a postulated millennia-long series of migrations of speakers of the original proto-Bantu language group.

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Baths of Caracalla

The Baths of Caracalla (Terme di Caracalla) in Rome, Italy, were the second largest Roman public baths, or thermae, built in Rome between AD 212 and 217, during the reign of the Septimius and Emperor Caracalla.

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Battle of Red Cliffs

The Battle of Red Cliffs, otherwise known as the Battle of Chibi, was a decisive battle fought at the end of the Han dynasty, about 12 years prior to the beginning of the Three Kingdoms period in Chinese history.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

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Cao Cao

Cao Cao (155 – 15 March 220), courtesy name Mengde, was a warlord and the penultimate Chancellor of the Eastern Han dynasty who rose to great power in the final years of the dynasty.

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Cao Pi

Cao Pi (187 – 29 June 226), courtesy name Zihuan, was the first emperor of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period.

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Cao Wei

Wei (220–265), or Cao Wei, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).

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Caracalla

"Caracalla" was the popular nickname of Antoninus (Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus, 4 April 188 – 8 April 217), was Roman emperor from 198 to 217.

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Carthage

The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.

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Cassius Dio

Lucius (or Claudius) Cassius Dio (alleged to have the cognomen Cocceianus; Δίων Κάσσιος Κοκκηϊανός Dion Kassios Kokkeianos, c. AD 155–235), known in English as Cassius Dio, Dio Cassius, or Dio, was of Greek origin, Roman consul and noted historian who wrote in Greek.

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Cassius Longinus (philosopher)

Cassius Longinus (Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος; c. 213 – 273 AD) was a Hellenistic rhetorician and philosophical critic.

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Catacombs of Marcellinus and Peter

The Catacombs of Marcellinus and Peter are ancient catacombs situated on the 3rd mile of the ancient Via Labicana, today Via Casilina in Rome, Italy, near the church of Santi Marcellino e Pietro ad Duas Lauros.

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Catechetical School of Alexandria

The Catechetical School of Alexandria was a school of Christian theologians and priests in Alexandria.

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Censorinus

Censorinus was an Roman grammarian and miscellaneous writer from the 3rd century AD.

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Chernyakhov culture

The Sântana de Mureș–Chernyakhov culture is an archaeological culture that flourished between the 2nd and 5th centuries AD in a wide area of Eastern Europe, specifically in what today constitutes Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, and parts of Belarus.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Citizenship

Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a member of a state.

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Claudius Aelianus

Claudius Aelianus (Κλαύδιος Αἰλιανός; c. 175 – c. 235 CE), often seen as just Aelian, born at Praeneste, was a Roman author and teacher of rhetoric who flourished under Septimius Severus and probably outlived Elagabalus, who died in 222.

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Claudius Gothicus

Claudius II (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Claudius Augustus;Jones, pg. 209 May 10, 213 – January 270), commonly known as Claudius Gothicus, was Roman Emperor from 268 to 270.

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Clement of Alexandria

Titus Flavius Clemens (Κλήμης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 150 – c. 215), known as Clement of Alexandria to distinguish him from the earlier Clement of Rome, was a Christian theologian who taught at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.

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Cleveland Museum of Art

The Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) is an art museum located in the Wade Park District, in the University Circle neighborhood on Cleveland's east side.

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Compass

A compass is an instrument used for navigation and orientation that shows direction relative to the geographic cardinal directions, or "points".

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Constantius Chlorus

Constantius I (Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius Augustus;Martindale, pg. 227 31 March 25 July 306) was Roman Emperor from 293 to 306, commonly known as Constantius Chlorus (Χλωρός, Kōnstantios Khlōrós, "Constantius the Pale").

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Constitutio Antoniniana

The Constitutio Antoniniana (Latin for: "Constitution of Antoninus") (also called the Edict of Caracalla or the Antonine Constitution) was an edict issued in 212, by the Roman Emperor Caracalla declaring that all free men in the Roman Empire were to be given theoretical Roman citizenship and that all free women in the Empire were to be given the same rights as Roman women.

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Coptic period

The "Coptic period" is an informal designation for Late Antiquity in Egypt, an era defined by the religious shifts in Egyptian culture to Coptic Christianity from Roman religion until the Muslim conquest of Egypt.

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Crisis of the Third Century

The Crisis of the Third Century, also known as Military Anarchy or the Imperial Crisis, (AD 235–284) was a period in which the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression.

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Cyprian

Cyprian (Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus) (c. 200 – September 14, 258) was bishop of Carthage and an important Early Christian writer, many of whose Latin works are extant.

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Dexippus

Publius Herennius Dexippus (Δέξιππος, ca. 210–273), Greek historian, statesman and general, was an hereditary priest of the Eleusinian family of the Kerykes, and held the offices of archon basileus and eponymous in Athens.

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Diocletian

Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus), born Diocles, (245–311)Barnes, "Lactantius and Constantine", 32–35; Barnes, New Empire, 31–32.

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Diogenes Laërtius

Diogenes Laertius (Διογένης Λαέρτιος, Diogenēs Laertios; fl. c. 3rd century CE) was a biographer of the Greek philosophers.

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Diophantus

Diophantus of Alexandria (Διόφαντος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; born probably sometime between AD 201 and 215; died aged 84, probably sometime between AD 285 and 299), sometimes called "the father of algebra", was an Alexandrian Greek mathematicianVictor J. Katz (1998).

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Eastern Wu

Wu (222–280), commonly known as Eastern Wu or Sun Wu, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).

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Elagabalus

Elagabalus or Heliogabalus (Μάρκος Αυρήλιος Αντωνίνος Αύγουστος; Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 203 – March 11, 222), was Roman Emperor from 218 to 222.

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Emperor Wu of Jin

Emperor Wu of Jin, (236 – 17 May 290), personal name Sima Yan, courtesy name Anshi (安世), was the grandson of Sima Yi and son of Sima Zhao.

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Gaius Julius Solinus

Gaius Iulius Solinus, Latin grammarian and compiler, probably flourished in the early 3rd century.

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Gallic Empire

The Gallic Empire (Imperium GalliarumThe state was never officially styled as Imperium Galliarum on the official monuments, inscriptions or coins that have survived; rather, the phrase comes from a phrase in Eutropius (Galliarum accepit imperium, " command of the Gallic provinces", Drinkwater 1987, p. 15). Instead, the titles and administrative structures of the empire followed their Roman models (Drinkwater 1987, pp. 126-127).) is the modern name for a breakaway part of the Roman Empire that functioned de facto as a separate state from 260 to 274.

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Gallienus

Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus; c. 218 – 268) was Roman Emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260 and alone from 260 to 268.

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Gothiscandza

According to a tale related by Jordanes, Gothiscandza was arguably the first settlement of the Goths (Getae) after their migration from Scandinavia (Scandza) during the first half of the 1st century A.D. Jordanes relates that the East Germanic tribe of Goths were led from Scandza by their king Berig.

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Goths

The Goths (*Gut-þiuda,Most commonly translated as "Gothic people".; Gutar/Gotar; Gothi; Γότθοι, Gótthoi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the emergence of Medieval Europe.

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Guan Yu

Guan Yu (died 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty.

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Gupta Empire

The Gupta Empire (गुप्तसाम्राज्य) was an ancient Indian empire, founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.

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Heliodorus of Emesa

Heliodorus of Emesa (Ἡλιόδωρος) was a Greek writer for whom two ranges of dates are suggested, either about the 250s AD or in the aftermath of Julian's rule, that is shortly after 363.

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Herodian

Herodian or Herodianus (Ἡρωδιανός) of Syria, sometimes referred to as "Herodian of Antioch" (c. 170 – c. 240), was a minor Roman civil servant who wrote a colourful history in Greek titled History of the Empire from the Death of Marcus (τῆς μετὰ Μάρκον βασιλείας ἱστορία) in eight books covering the years 180 to 238.

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Hippolytus of Rome

Hippolytus of Rome (170–235) was the most important 3rd-century theologian in the Christian Church in Rome, where he was probably born.

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Hopewell tradition

The Hopewell tradition (also called the Hopewell culture) describes the common aspects of the Native American culture that flourished along rivers in the northeastern and midwestern United States from 200 BCE to 500 CE, in the Middle Woodland period.

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Iamblichus

Iamblichus, also known as Iamblichus Chalcidensis, or Iamblichus of Apamea (Ἰάμβλιχος, probably from Syriac or Aramaic ya-mlku, "He is king"; c. 245 – c. 325 AD), was a Syrian Neoplatonist philosopher who determined the direction taken by later Neoplatonic philosophy.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Japan

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Jin dynasty (265–420)

The Jin dynasty was a dynasty in Chinese history, lasting between the years 265 and 420 AD.

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Julia Domna

Julia Domna, also known as Julia Domma, (170 AD –217 AD) was a member of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire.

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Julia Maesa

Julia Maesa (ca. 7 May 165 –ca. 3 August 226) was a Roman citizen and daughter of Gaius Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Heliogabalus, the patron god of Emesa (modern Homs) in the Roman province of Syria.

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Julius Paulus Prudentissimus

Julius Paulus Prudentissimus (Ἰούλιος Παῦλος; fl. 2nd century and 3rd century AD) was one of the most influential and distinguished Roman jurists.

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Jurist

A jurist (a word coming from medieval Latin), also known as legal scholar or legal theorist, is someone who researches and studies jurisprudence (theory of law).

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Kingdom of Funan

Kingdom of Funan (អាណាចក្រហ្វូណន) was the name given by the Chinese to an ancient kingdom located in southern Southeast Asia centered on the Mekong Delta that existed from the first to sixth century CE.

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Kofun period

The is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538.

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Korea

Korea, called Hanguk (한국; Hanja: 韓國) or Daehan (대한; Hanja: 大韓) in South Korea and Chosŏn (조선; Hanja: 朝鮮) in North Korea and elsewhere, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea (also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK) and South Korea (also known as the Republic of Korea, or ROK).

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Kushan Empire

The Kushan Empire (Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण राजवंश Kuṣāṇ Rājavaṃśa; BHS:; 𐭊𐭅𐭔𐭍 𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓 Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic Empire formed by Yuezhi in the Greco-Bactrian territories of the early 1st century.

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Land mine

A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

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Late Antiquity

Late Antiquity is a periodization used by historians to describe the time of transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages, in both mainland Europe and the Mediterranean world.

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Liu Bei

Liu Bei (161 – 10 June 223), courtesy name Xuande, was a warlord in the late Eastern Han dynasty who founded the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period and became its first ruler. Despite having a later start than his rivals and lacking both the material resources and social status they commanded, Liu Bei overcame his many defeats to carve out his own realm, which at its peak spanned present-day Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Hunan, parts of Hubei, and parts of Gansu. Culturally, due to the popularity of the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong, Liu Bei is widely known as an ideal benevolent, humane ruler who cared for his people and selected good advisers for his government. His fictional counterpart in the novel was a salutary example of a ruler who adhered to the Confucian set of moral values, such as loyalty and compassion. Historically, Liu Bei was a brilliant politician and leader whose skill was a remarkable demonstration of a Legalist. His political philosophy can best be described by the Chinese idiom "Confucian in appearance but Legalist in substance", a style of governing which had become the norm after the founding of the Han dynasty.

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Liu Hui

Liu Hui (fl. 3rd century) was an Ancient Chinese mathematician.

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Liu Qubei

Liu Qubei (pinyin: Liú Qùbēi), (died 272) was a Tiefu Hun (Ch. Xiongnu) chieftain from 260 to 272.

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Ma Jun

Ma Jun (fl. 220–265), courtesy name Deheng (徳衡), was a Chinese mechanical engineer and government official during the Three Kingdoms era of China.

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Magerius Mosaic

The Magerius Mosaic is a 3rd-century Roman mosaic discovered in 1966 in the Tunisian village of Smirat and presently displayed in the Sousse Archaeological Museum.

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times.

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Mani (prophet)

Mani (in Middle Persian Māni and Syriac Mānī, Greek Μάνης, Latin Manes; also Μανιχαίος, Latin Manichaeus, from Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ Mānī ḥayyā "Living Mani"), of Iranian origin, was the prophet and the founder of Manichaeism, a gnostic religion of Late Antiquity which was once widespread but is now extinct.

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Manichaeism

Manichaeism (in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni) was a major religion that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes; 216–276 AD) in the Sasanian Empire.

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Marcus Aurelius Probus

Probus (Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus; c. 19 August 232 – September/October 282), was Roman Emperor from 276 to 282.

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Marius Maximus

Lucius Marius Maximus Perpetuus Aurelianus (more commonly known as Marius Maximus) (c. AD 160 – c. AD 230) was a Roman biographer, writing in Latin, who in the early decades of the 3rd century AD wrote a series of biographies of twelve Emperors, imitating and continuing Suetonius.

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Maximinus Thrax

Maximinus Thrax (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Augustus; c. 173 – May 238), also known as Maximinus I, was Roman Emperor from 235 to 238.

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Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for the Maya hieroglyphic script, the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.

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Mexico

Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

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Military

The military, also called the armed forces, are forces authorized to use deadly force, and weapons, to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens.

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Monarchy

A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication.

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Nagarjuna

Nāgārjuna (c. 150 – c. 250 CE) is widely considered one of the most important Buddhist philosophers after Gautama Buddha.

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Nagarjunakonda

Nagarjunakonda (meaning Nagarjuna Hill) is a historical Buddhist town, now an island located near Nagarjuna Sagar in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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National Museum, New Delhi

The National Museum in New Delhi is one of the largest museums in India.

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North America

North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.

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Ohio River

The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.

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Origen

Origen (Ὠριγένης, Ōrigénēs), or Origen Adamantius (Ὠριγένης Ἀδαμάντιος, Ōrigénēs Adamántios; 184/185 – 253/254), was a scholar and early Christian theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria.

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Palmyrene Empire

The Palmyrene Empire (270–273), was a splinter state centered at Palmyra, that broke away from the Roman Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.

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Pappus of Alexandria

Pappus of Alexandria (Πάππος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 290 – c. 350 AD) was one of the last great Greek mathematicians of Antiquity, known for his Synagoge (Συναγωγή) or Collection (c. 340), and for Pappus's Theorem in projective geometry.

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Parthian Empire

The Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran.

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Philip the Arab

Marcus Julius Philippus (Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus; 204 – 249) also known commonly by his nickname Philip the Arab (Philippus Arabs, فيليب العربي), also known as Philip, was Roman Emperor from 244 to 249.

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Plotinus

Plotinus (Πλωτῖνος; c. 204/5 – 270) was a major philosopher of the ancient world.

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Pope Cornelius

Pope Cornelius (died June 253) was the Bishop of Rome from 6 or 13 March 251 to his martyrdom in 253.

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Porphyry (philosopher)

Porphyry of Tyre (Πορφύριος, Porphyrios; c. 234 – c. 305 AD) was a Neoplatonic philosopher who was born in Tyre.

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Repeating crossbow

A repeating crossbow excavated from a Chu Tomb recurve repeating crossbow. Ones used for war would be recurved The repeating crossbow (sometimes romanized as Chu-ko-nu), also known as the lián nǔ or Nỏ Thần (in Vietnamese), is a crossbow where the separate actions of stringing the bow, placing the bolt and shooting it can be accomplished with a simple one-handed movement while keeping the crossbow stationary.

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Roman emperor

The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Rome

Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.

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Sarnath

Sarnath is a city located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Gomati rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian Empire (or; also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian language, was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 AD to 651 AD.

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Sasanian family tree

This is a family tree of the Sasanian emperors, their ancestors, and Sasanian princes/princesses.

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Septimius Severus

Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus; 11 April 145 – 4 February 211), also known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211.

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Severan dynasty

The Severan dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 193 and 235.

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Severus Alexander

Severus Alexander (Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus; 1 October 208 – 19 March 235) was Roman Emperor from 222 to 235.

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Sextus Julius Africanus

Sextus Julius Africanus (c. 160 – c. 240) was a Christian traveller and historian of the late 2nd and early 3rd century AD.

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Shapur I

Shapur I (𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩; New Persian: شاپور), also known as Shapur I the Great, was the second shahanshah (king of kings) of the Sasanian Empire.

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Sky lantern

A sky lantern, also known as Kongming lantern or Chinese lantern, is a small hot air balloon made of paper, with an opening at the bottom where a small fire is suspended.

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South-pointing chariot

The south-pointing chariot (or carriage) was an ancient Chinese two-wheeled vehicle that carried a movable pointer to indicate the south, no matter how the chariot turned.

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Southern Africa

Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara Desert.

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Sun Quan

Sun Quan (182–252), courtesy name Zhongmou, formally known as Emperor Da of Wu (lit. "Great Emperor of Wu"), was the founder of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period.

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Tertullian

Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus, anglicised as Tertullian (c. 155 – c. 240 AD), was a prolific early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa.

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Tetricus I

Gaius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was Emperor of the Gallic Empire (Imperium Galliarum), reigning 271-274, succeeding the murdered Victorinus and ending with his surrender on the battlefield to the Roman emperor Aurelian.

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Three Kingdoms

The Three Kingdoms (AD 220–280), a tripartite division between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳), To further distinguish the three states from other historical Chinese states of the same name, historians have added a relevant character: Wei is also known as Cao Wei (曹魏), Shu is also known as Shu Han (蜀漢), and Wu is also known as Dong (or Eastern) Wu (東吳).

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Three Kingdoms of Korea

The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (百濟), Silla (新羅) and Goguryeo (高句麗).

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Ukraine

Ukraine (Україна, tr. Ukraina) is a country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Valerian (emperor)

Valerian (Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus; 193/195/200 – 260 or 264, also known as Valerian the Elder, was Roman Emperor from 253 to 260 AD. He was taken captive by Sassanian Persian king Shapur I after the Battle of Edessa, becoming the only Roman Emperor who was captured as a prisoner of war, causing instability in the Empire.

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Villa Torlonia (Rome)

Villa Torlonia is a villa and surrounding gardens in Rome, Italy, formerly belonging to the Torlonia family.

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Wheelbarrow

A wheelbarrow is a small hand-propelled vehicle, usually with just one wheel, designed to be pushed and guided by a single person using two handles at the rear, or by a sail to push the ancient wheelbarrow by wind.

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Wooden ox

The wooden ox (木牛流馬; lit. wooden ox and flowing horse) was created by Zhuge Liang while he served Shu Han.

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Xia (Sixteen Kingdoms)

Tiefu was a pre-state Xiongnu tribe during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.

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Xiongnu

The Xiongnu (Old Chinese: /qʰoŋ.naː/, Wade-Giles: Hsiung-nu), were a large confederation of Eurasian nomads who dominated the Asian Steppe from the late 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD.

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Zenobia

Zenobia (Greek: Ζηνοβία / Zēnobía; Aramaic: בת זבי / Bat-Zabbai; Arabic: الزباء / al-Zabbā’; 240 – c. 275) was a 3rd-century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria, who led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire.

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Zhuge Liang

Zhuge Liang (181–234), courtesy name Kongming, was a chancellor of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.

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1st millennium in North American history

The 1st millennium in North American history provides a timeline of events occurring within the North American continent from 1 CE through 1000 CE in the Gregorian calendar.

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201

Year 201 (CCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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208

Year 208 (CCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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211

Year 211 (CCXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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212

Year 212 (CCXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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216

Year 216 (CCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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217

Year 217 (CCXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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220

Year 220 (CCXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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222

Year 222 (CCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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230

Year 230 (CCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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232

Year 232 (CCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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235

Year 235 (CCXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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250

Year 250 (CCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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258

Year 258 (CCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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260

Year 260 (CCLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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265

Year 265 (CCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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280

Year 280 (CCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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284

Year 284 (CCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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300

Year 300 (CCC) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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305

Year 305 (CCCV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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538

Year 538 (DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Redirects here:

3 Century, 3rd CE, 3rd Century, 3rd century A.D., 3rd century AD, 3rd century CE, 3rd-century, III Century, III century, Third Century, Third century, Third century CE, Third-century, Year in Review 3rd Century.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_century

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