152 relations: Adena culture, Aemilius Papinianus, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ammonius Saccas, Anatolia, Andhra Pradesh, Antipope, Ardashir I, Aurelian, Bantu expansion, Baths of Caracalla, Battle of Red Cliffs, Buddhism, Byzantine Empire, Cao Cao, Cao Pi, Cao Wei, Caracalla, Carthage, Cassius Dio, Cassius Longinus (philosopher), Catacombs of Marcellinus and Peter, Catechetical School of Alexandria, Censorinus, Chernyakhov culture, China, Citizenship, Claudius Aelianus, Claudius Gothicus, Clement of Alexandria, Cleveland Museum of Art, Compass, Constantius Chlorus, Constitutio Antoniniana, Coptic period, Crisis of the Third Century, Cyprian, Dexippus, Diocletian, Diogenes Laërtius, Diophantus, Eastern Wu, Elagabalus, Emperor Wu of Jin, Gaius Julius Solinus, Gallic Empire, Gallienus, Gothiscandza, Goths, Guan Yu, ..., Gupta Empire, Han dynasty, Heliodorus of Emesa, Herodian, Hippolytus of Rome, Hopewell tradition, Iamblichus, India, Indian subcontinent, Iran, Japan, Jin dynasty (265–420), Julia Domna, Julia Maesa, Julius Paulus Prudentissimus, Jurist, Kingdom of Funan, Kofun period, Korea, Kushan Empire, Land mine, Late Antiquity, Liu Bei, Liu Hui, Liu Qubei, Ma Jun, Magerius Mosaic, Maize, Mani (prophet), Manichaeism, Marcus Aurelius Probus, Marius Maximus, Maximinus Thrax, Maya civilization, Mediterranean Sea, Mexico, Military, Monarchy, Nagarjuna, Nagarjunakonda, National Museum, New Delhi, North America, Ohio River, Origen, Palmyrene Empire, Pappus of Alexandria, Parthian Empire, Philip the Arab, Plotinus, Pope Cornelius, Porphyry (philosopher), Repeating crossbow, Roman emperor, Roman Empire, Rome, Sarnath, Sasanian Empire, Sasanian family tree, Septimius Severus, Severan dynasty, Severus Alexander, Sextus Julius Africanus, Shapur I, Sky lantern, South-pointing chariot, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sun Quan, Tertullian, Tetricus I, Three Kingdoms, Three Kingdoms of Korea, Ukraine, Valerian (emperor), Villa Torlonia (Rome), Wheelbarrow, Wooden ox, Xia (Sixteen Kingdoms), Xiongnu, Zenobia, Zhuge Liang, 1st millennium in North American history, 201, 208, 211, 212, 216, 217, 220, 222, 230, 232, 235, 250, 258, 260, 265, 280, 284, 300, 305, 538. Expand index (102 more) » « Shrink index
The Adena culture was a Pre-Columbian Native American culture that existed from 1000 to 200 BC, in a time known as the Early Woodland period.
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Aemilius Papinianus (142–212), also known as Papinian, was a celebrated Roman jurist, magister libellorum, attorney general (advocatus fisci) and, after the death of Gaius Fulvius Plautianus in 205, praetorian prefect.
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Alexander of Aphrodisias (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Ἀφροδισιεύς; fl. 200 AD) was a Peripatetic philosopher and the most celebrated of the Ancient Greek commentators on the writings of Aristotle.
Ammonius Saccas (Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who was often referred to as one of the founders of Neoplatonism.
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Anatolia (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ — "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern), in geography known as Asia Minor (from Mīkrá Asía — "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, Anatolian peninsula, or Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of the Republic of Turkey.
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Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India, situated on the southeastern coast of the country.
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An antipope (antipapa) is a person who, in opposition to the one who is generally seen as the legitimately elected Pope, makes a significantly accepted competing claim to be the Pope, the Bishop of Rome and leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
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Ardashir I or Ardeshir I (Middle Persian:, New Persian: اردشیر), also known as Ardashir the Unifier (180–242 AD), was the founder of the Sasanian Empire.
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Aurelian (Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Augustus; 9 September 214 or 215 – September or October 275), was Roman Emperor from 270 to 275.
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The Bantu expansion is the name for a postulated millennia-long series of migrations of speakers of the original proto-Bantu language group.
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The Baths of Caracalla (Terme di Caracalla) in Rome, Italy, were the second largest Roman public baths, or thermae, built in Rome between AD 212 and 217, during the reign of the Septimius and Emperor Caracalla.
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The Battle of Red Cliffs, otherwise known as the Battle of Chibi, was a decisive battle fought at the end of the Han dynasty, about 12 years prior to the beginning of the Three Kingdoms period in Chinese history.
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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
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The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
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Cao Cao (155 – 15 March 220), courtesy name Mengde, was a warlord and the penultimate Chancellor of the Eastern Han dynasty who rose to great power in the final years of the dynasty.
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Cao Pi (187 – 29 June 226), courtesy name Zihuan, was the first emperor of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period.
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Wei (220–265), or Cao Wei, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
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"Caracalla" was the popular nickname of Antoninus (Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus, 4 April 188 – 8 April 217), was Roman emperor from 198 to 217.
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The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.
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Lucius (or Claudius) Cassius Dio (alleged to have the cognomen Cocceianus; Δίων Κάσσιος Κοκκηϊανός Dion Kassios Kokkeianos, c. AD 155–235), known in English as Cassius Dio, Dio Cassius, or Dio, was of Greek origin, Roman consul and noted historian who wrote in Greek.
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Cassius Longinus (Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος; c. 213 – 273 AD) was a Hellenistic rhetorician and philosophical critic.
The Catacombs of Marcellinus and Peter are ancient catacombs situated on the 3rd mile of the ancient Via Labicana, today Via Casilina in Rome, Italy, near the church of Santi Marcellino e Pietro ad Duas Lauros.
The Catechetical School of Alexandria was a school of Christian theologians and priests in Alexandria.
Censorinus was an Roman grammarian and miscellaneous writer from the 3rd century AD.
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The Sântana de Mureș–Chernyakhov culture is an archaeological culture that flourished between the 2nd and 5th centuries AD in a wide area of Eastern Europe, specifically in what today constitutes Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, and parts of Belarus.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a member of a state.
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Claudius Aelianus (Κλαύδιος Αἰλιανός; c. 175 – c. 235 CE), often seen as just Aelian, born at Praeneste, was a Roman author and teacher of rhetoric who flourished under Septimius Severus and probably outlived Elagabalus, who died in 222.
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Claudius II (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Claudius Augustus;Jones, pg. 209 May 10, 213 – January 270), commonly known as Claudius Gothicus, was Roman Emperor from 268 to 270.
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Titus Flavius Clemens (Κλήμης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 150 – c. 215), known as Clement of Alexandria to distinguish him from the earlier Clement of Rome, was a Christian theologian who taught at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.
The Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) is an art museum located in the Wade Park District, in the University Circle neighborhood on Cleveland's east side.
A compass is an instrument used for navigation and orientation that shows direction relative to the geographic cardinal directions, or "points".
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Constantius I (Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius Augustus;Martindale, pg. 227 31 March 25 July 306) was Roman Emperor from 293 to 306, commonly known as Constantius Chlorus (Χλωρός, Kōnstantios Khlōrós, "Constantius the Pale").
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The Constitutio Antoniniana (Latin for: "Constitution of Antoninus") (also called the Edict of Caracalla or the Antonine Constitution) was an edict issued in 212, by the Roman Emperor Caracalla declaring that all free men in the Roman Empire were to be given theoretical Roman citizenship and that all free women in the Empire were to be given the same rights as Roman women.
The "Coptic period" is an informal designation for Late Antiquity in Egypt, an era defined by the religious shifts in Egyptian culture to Coptic Christianity from Roman religion until the Muslim conquest of Egypt.
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The Crisis of the Third Century, also known as Military Anarchy or the Imperial Crisis, (AD 235–284) was a period in which the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression.
Cyprian (Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus) (c. 200 – September 14, 258) was bishop of Carthage and an important Early Christian writer, many of whose Latin works are extant.
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Publius Herennius Dexippus (Δέξιππος, ca. 210–273), Greek historian, statesman and general, was an hereditary priest of the Eleusinian family of the Kerykes, and held the offices of archon basileus and eponymous in Athens.
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Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus), born Diocles, (245–311)Barnes, "Lactantius and Constantine", 32–35; Barnes, New Empire, 31–32.
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Diogenes Laertius (Διογένης Λαέρτιος, Diogenēs Laertios; fl. c. 3rd century CE) was a biographer of the Greek philosophers.
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Diophantus of Alexandria (Διόφαντος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; born probably sometime between AD 201 and 215; died aged 84, probably sometime between AD 285 and 299), sometimes called "the father of algebra", was an Alexandrian Greek mathematicianVictor J. Katz (1998).
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Wu (222–280), commonly known as Eastern Wu or Sun Wu, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
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Elagabalus or Heliogabalus (Μάρκος Αυρήλιος Αντωνίνος Αύγουστος; Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 203 – March 11, 222), was Roman Emperor from 218 to 222.
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Emperor Wu of Jin, (236 – 17 May 290), personal name Sima Yan, courtesy name Anshi (安世), was the grandson of Sima Yi and son of Sima Zhao.
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Gaius Iulius Solinus, Latin grammarian and compiler, probably flourished in the early 3rd century.
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The Gallic Empire (Imperium GalliarumThe state was never officially styled as Imperium Galliarum on the official monuments, inscriptions or coins that have survived; rather, the phrase comes from a phrase in Eutropius (Galliarum accepit imperium, " command of the Gallic provinces", Drinkwater 1987, p. 15). Instead, the titles and administrative structures of the empire followed their Roman models (Drinkwater 1987, pp. 126-127).) is the modern name for a breakaway part of the Roman Empire that functioned de facto as a separate state from 260 to 274.
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Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus; c. 218 – 268) was Roman Emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260 and alone from 260 to 268.
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According to a tale related by Jordanes, Gothiscandza was arguably the first settlement of the Goths (Getae) after their migration from Scandinavia (Scandza) during the first half of the 1st century A.D. Jordanes relates that the East Germanic tribe of Goths were led from Scandza by their king Berig.
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The Goths (*Gut-þiuda,Most commonly translated as "Gothic people".; Gutar/Gotar; Gothi; Γότθοι, Gótthoi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the emergence of Medieval Europe.
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Guan Yu (died 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
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The Gupta Empire (गुप्तसाम्राज्य) was an ancient Indian empire, founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Heliodorus of Emesa (Ἡλιόδωρος) was a Greek writer for whom two ranges of dates are suggested, either about the 250s AD or in the aftermath of Julian's rule, that is shortly after 363.
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Herodian or Herodianus (Ἡρωδιανός) of Syria, sometimes referred to as "Herodian of Antioch" (c. 170 – c. 240), was a minor Roman civil servant who wrote a colourful history in Greek titled History of the Empire from the Death of Marcus (τῆς μετὰ Μάρκον βασιλείας ἱστορία) in eight books covering the years 180 to 238.
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Hippolytus of Rome (170–235) was the most important 3rd-century theologian in the Christian Church in Rome, where he was probably born.
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The Hopewell tradition (also called the Hopewell culture) describes the common aspects of the Native American culture that flourished along rivers in the northeastern and midwestern United States from 200 BCE to 500 CE, in the Middle Woodland period.
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Iamblichus, also known as Iamblichus Chalcidensis, or Iamblichus of Apamea (Ἰάμβλιχος, probably from Syriac or Aramaic ya-mlku, "He is king"; c. 245 – c. 325 AD), was a Syrian Neoplatonist philosopher who determined the direction taken by later Neoplatonic philosophy.
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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
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Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.
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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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The Jin dynasty was a dynasty in Chinese history, lasting between the years 265 and 420 AD.
Julia Domna, also known as Julia Domma, (170 AD –217 AD) was a member of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire.
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Julia Maesa (ca. 7 May 165 –ca. 3 August 226) was a Roman citizen and daughter of Gaius Julius Bassianus, priest of the sun god Heliogabalus, the patron god of Emesa (modern Homs) in the Roman province of Syria.
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Julius Paulus Prudentissimus (Ἰούλιος Παῦλος; fl. 2nd century and 3rd century AD) was one of the most influential and distinguished Roman jurists.
A jurist (a word coming from medieval Latin), also known as legal scholar or legal theorist, is someone who researches and studies jurisprudence (theory of law).
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Kingdom of Funan (អាណាចក្រហ្វូណន) was the name given by the Chinese to an ancient kingdom located in southern Southeast Asia centered on the Mekong Delta that existed from the first to sixth century CE.
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The is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538.
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Korea, called Hanguk (한국; Hanja: 韓國) or Daehan (대한; Hanja: 大韓) in South Korea and Chosŏn (조선; Hanja: 朝鮮) in North Korea and elsewhere, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea (also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK) and South Korea (also known as the Republic of Korea, or ROK).
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The Kushan Empire (Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण राजवंश Kuṣāṇ Rājavaṃśa; BHS:; 𐭊𐭅𐭔𐭍 𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓 Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic Empire formed by Yuezhi in the Greco-Bactrian territories of the early 1st century.
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A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
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Late Antiquity is a periodization used by historians to describe the time of transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages, in both mainland Europe and the Mediterranean world.
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Liu Bei (161 – 10 June 223), courtesy name Xuande, was a warlord in the late Eastern Han dynasty who founded the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period and became its first ruler. Despite having a later start than his rivals and lacking both the material resources and social status they commanded, Liu Bei overcame his many defeats to carve out his own realm, which at its peak spanned present-day Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Hunan, parts of Hubei, and parts of Gansu. Culturally, due to the popularity of the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong, Liu Bei is widely known as an ideal benevolent, humane ruler who cared for his people and selected good advisers for his government. His fictional counterpart in the novel was a salutary example of a ruler who adhered to the Confucian set of moral values, such as loyalty and compassion. Historically, Liu Bei was a brilliant politician and leader whose skill was a remarkable demonstration of a Legalist. His political philosophy can best be described by the Chinese idiom "Confucian in appearance but Legalist in substance", a style of governing which had become the norm after the founding of the Han dynasty.
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Liu Hui (fl. 3rd century) was an Ancient Chinese mathematician.
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Liu Qubei (pinyin: Liú Qùbēi), (died 272) was a Tiefu Hun (Ch. Xiongnu) chieftain from 260 to 272.
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Ma Jun (fl. 220–265), courtesy name Deheng (徳衡), was a Chinese mechanical engineer and government official during the Three Kingdoms era of China.
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The Magerius Mosaic is a 3rd-century Roman mosaic discovered in 1966 in the Tunisian village of Smirat and presently displayed in the Sousse Archaeological Museum.
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Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times.
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Mani (in Middle Persian Māni and Syriac Mānī, Greek Μάνης, Latin Manes; also Μανιχαίος, Latin Manichaeus, from Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ Mānī ḥayyā "Living Mani"), of Iranian origin, was the prophet and the founder of Manichaeism, a gnostic religion of Late Antiquity which was once widespread but is now extinct.
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Manichaeism (in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni) was a major religion that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes; 216–276 AD) in the Sasanian Empire.
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Probus (Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus; c. 19 August 232 – September/October 282), was Roman Emperor from 276 to 282.
Lucius Marius Maximus Perpetuus Aurelianus (more commonly known as Marius Maximus) (c. AD 160 – c. AD 230) was a Roman biographer, writing in Latin, who in the early decades of the 3rd century AD wrote a series of biographies of twelve Emperors, imitating and continuing Suetonius.
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Maximinus Thrax (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Augustus; c. 173 – May 238), also known as Maximinus I, was Roman Emperor from 235 to 238.
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The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for the Maya hieroglyphic script, the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.
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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.
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Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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The military, also called the armed forces, are forces authorized to use deadly force, and weapons, to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens.
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A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication.
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Nāgārjuna (c. 150 – c. 250 CE) is widely considered one of the most important Buddhist philosophers after Gautama Buddha.
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Nagarjunakonda (meaning Nagarjuna Hill) is a historical Buddhist town, now an island located near Nagarjuna Sagar in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India.
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The National Museum in New Delhi is one of the largest museums in India.
North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.
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The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.
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Origen (Ὠριγένης, Ōrigénēs), or Origen Adamantius (Ὠριγένης Ἀδαμάντιος, Ōrigénēs Adamántios; 184/185 – 253/254), was a scholar and early Christian theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria.
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The Palmyrene Empire (270–273), was a splinter state centered at Palmyra, that broke away from the Roman Empire during the Crisis of the Third Century.
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Pappus of Alexandria (Πάππος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 290 – c. 350 AD) was one of the last great Greek mathematicians of Antiquity, known for his Synagoge (Συναγωγή) or Collection (c. 340), and for Pappus's Theorem in projective geometry.
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The Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran.
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Marcus Julius Philippus (Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus; 204 – 249) also known commonly by his nickname Philip the Arab (Philippus Arabs, فيليب العربي), also known as Philip, was Roman Emperor from 244 to 249.
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Plotinus (Πλωτῖνος; c. 204/5 – 270) was a major philosopher of the ancient world.
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Pope Cornelius (died June 253) was the Bishop of Rome from 6 or 13 March 251 to his martyrdom in 253.
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Porphyry of Tyre (Πορφύριος, Porphyrios; c. 234 – c. 305 AD) was a Neoplatonic philosopher who was born in Tyre.
A repeating crossbow excavated from a Chu Tomb recurve repeating crossbow. Ones used for war would be recurved The repeating crossbow (sometimes romanized as Chu-ko-nu), also known as the lián nǔ or Nỏ Thần (in Vietnamese), is a crossbow where the separate actions of stringing the bow, placing the bolt and shooting it can be accomplished with a simple one-handed movement while keeping the crossbow stationary.
New!!: 3rd century and Repeating crossbow ·
The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).
New!!: 3rd century and Roman emperor ·
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
New!!: 3rd century and Roman Empire ·
Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.
New!!: 3rd century and Rome ·
Sarnath is a city located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Gomati rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India.
New!!: 3rd century and Sarnath ·
The Sasanian Empire (or; also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian language, was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 AD to 651 AD.
New!!: 3rd century and Sasanian Empire ·
This is a family tree of the Sasanian emperors, their ancestors, and Sasanian princes/princesses.
New!!: 3rd century and Sasanian family tree ·
Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus; 11 April 145 – 4 February 211), also known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211.
New!!: 3rd century and Septimius Severus ·
The Severan dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 193 and 235.
New!!: 3rd century and Severan dynasty ·
Severus Alexander (Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus; 1 October 208 – 19 March 235) was Roman Emperor from 222 to 235.
New!!: 3rd century and Severus Alexander ·
Sextus Julius Africanus (c. 160 – c. 240) was a Christian traveller and historian of the late 2nd and early 3rd century AD.
Shapur I (𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩; New Persian: شاپور), also known as Shapur I the Great, was the second shahanshah (king of kings) of the Sasanian Empire.
New!!: 3rd century and Shapur I ·
A sky lantern, also known as Kongming lantern or Chinese lantern, is a small hot air balloon made of paper, with an opening at the bottom where a small fire is suspended.
New!!: 3rd century and Sky lantern ·
The south-pointing chariot (or carriage) was an ancient Chinese two-wheeled vehicle that carried a movable pointer to indicate the south, no matter how the chariot turned.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
New!!: 3rd century and Southern Africa ·
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara Desert.
New!!: 3rd century and Sub-Saharan Africa ·
Sun Quan (182–252), courtesy name Zhongmou, formally known as Emperor Da of Wu (lit. "Great Emperor of Wu"), was the founder of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period.
New!!: 3rd century and Sun Quan ·
Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus, anglicised as Tertullian (c. 155 – c. 240 AD), was a prolific early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa.
New!!: 3rd century and Tertullian ·
Gaius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was Emperor of the Gallic Empire (Imperium Galliarum), reigning 271-274, succeeding the murdered Victorinus and ending with his surrender on the battlefield to the Roman emperor Aurelian.
New!!: 3rd century and Tetricus I ·
The Three Kingdoms (AD 220–280), a tripartite division between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳), To further distinguish the three states from other historical Chinese states of the same name, historians have added a relevant character: Wei is also known as Cao Wei (曹魏), Shu is also known as Shu Han (蜀漢), and Wu is also known as Dong (or Eastern) Wu (東吳).
New!!: 3rd century and Three Kingdoms ·
The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (百濟), Silla (新羅) and Goguryeo (高句麗).
Ukraine (Україна, tr. Ukraina) is a country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
New!!: 3rd century and Ukraine ·
Valerian (Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus; 193/195/200 – 260 or 264, also known as Valerian the Elder, was Roman Emperor from 253 to 260 AD. He was taken captive by Sassanian Persian king Shapur I after the Battle of Edessa, becoming the only Roman Emperor who was captured as a prisoner of war, causing instability in the Empire.
New!!: 3rd century and Valerian (emperor) ·
Villa Torlonia is a villa and surrounding gardens in Rome, Italy, formerly belonging to the Torlonia family.
A wheelbarrow is a small hand-propelled vehicle, usually with just one wheel, designed to be pushed and guided by a single person using two handles at the rear, or by a sail to push the ancient wheelbarrow by wind.
New!!: 3rd century and Wheelbarrow ·
The wooden ox (木牛流馬; lit. wooden ox and flowing horse) was created by Zhuge Liang while he served Shu Han.
New!!: 3rd century and Wooden ox ·
Tiefu was a pre-state Xiongnu tribe during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
The Xiongnu (Old Chinese: /qʰoŋ.naː/, Wade-Giles: Hsiung-nu), were a large confederation of Eurasian nomads who dominated the Asian Steppe from the late 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD.
New!!: 3rd century and Xiongnu ·
Zenobia (Greek: Ζηνοβία / Zēnobía; Aramaic: בת זבי / Bat-Zabbai; Arabic: الزباء / al-Zabbā’; 240 – c. 275) was a 3rd-century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria, who led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire.
New!!: 3rd century and Zenobia ·
Zhuge Liang (181–234), courtesy name Kongming, was a chancellor of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period.
New!!: 3rd century and Zhuge Liang ·
The 1st millennium in North American history provides a timeline of events occurring within the North American continent from 1 CE through 1000 CE in the Gregorian calendar.
Year 201 (CCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 201 ·
Year 208 (CCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 208 ·
Year 211 (CCXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 211 ·
Year 212 (CCXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 212 ·
Year 216 (CCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 216 ·
Year 217 (CCXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 217 ·
Year 220 (CCXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 220 ·
Year 222 (CCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 222 ·
Year 230 (CCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 230 ·
Year 232 (CCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 232 ·
Year 235 (CCXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 235 ·
Year 250 (CCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 250 ·
Year 258 (CCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 258 ·
Year 260 (CCLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 260 ·
Year 265 (CCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 265 ·
Year 280 (CCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 280 ·
Year 284 (CCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 284 ·
Year 300 (CCC) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 300 ·
Year 305 (CCCV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 305 ·
Year 538 (DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
New!!: 3rd century and 538 ·