38 relations: Ab urbe condita, Agrippina the Elder, Anno Domini, Calendar era, Catuvellauni, Charudes, China, Cimbri, Common year starting on Thursday, Consul, Cunobeline, Drusus Julius Caesar, Emperor, Eponymous archon, Germania Inferior, Germanicus, Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna Magnus, Great Britain, Han dynasty, Julia Livia, Julian calendar, List of confederations of Germanic tribes, List of Roman consuls, Livilla, Lucius Valerius Messalla Volesus, Middle Ages, Paul the Apostle, Roman numerals, Rome, Ruzi Ying, Tiberius, Timeline of ancient Rome, Wang Mang, Yin Lihua, 25, 43, 64, 67.
"ab urbe condita" (related to "anno urbis conditae"; A. U. C., AUC, a.u.c.; also "anno urbis", short a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC.
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Vipsania Agrippina, most commonly known as Agrippina Major or Agrippina the Elder (Major Latin for the elder, Classical Latin: AGRIPPINA•GERMANICI, 14 BCE – 17 October 33), was a distinguished and prominent Roman woman of the first century CE.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.
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The Catuvellauni were a Celtic tribe or state of south-eastern Britain before the Roman conquest, attested by inscriptions into the 4th century.
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The Charudes or Harudes were a Germanic group first mentioned by Julius Caesar as one of the tribes who had followed Ariovistus across the Rhine.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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The Cimbri were an ancient people, either Germanic or Celtic who, together with the Teutones and the Ambrones, fought the Roman Republic between 113 and 101 BC.
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This is the calendar for any common year starting on Thursday, January 1 (dominical letter D).
Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.
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Cunobeline (or Cunobelin, from Latin Cunobelinus, derived from Greek Kynobellinus, Κυνοβελλίνος) was a king in pre-Roman Britain from the late first century BC until the 40s AD.
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Nero Claudius Drusus, later Drusus Julius Caesar (adoptive name; 13 BC – 14 September AD 23), was the only child of Roman Emperor Tiberius and his first wife, Vipsania Agrippina.
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An emperor (through Old French empereor from imperator) is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.
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In ancient Greece the chief magistrate in various Greek city states was called eponymous archon (ἐπώνυμος ἄρχων, eponymos archon).
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Germania Inferior was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine.
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Germanicus Julius Caesar (24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19), commonly known as Germanicus, was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the early Roman Empire.
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Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna Magnus (born between 47 BC and 35 BC) was the son of suffect consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna and Pompeia Magna.
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Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Julia Drusi Caesaris Filia (Classical Latin: IVLIA•DRVSI•CAESARIS•FILIA 5-43) or Julia Livia, was the daughter of Drusus Julius Caesar and Livilla and granddaughter to the Roman Emperor Tiberius, she was also first cousin of the emperor Caligula and niece of the emperor Claudius.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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The following are some historical Germanic Confederations.
This is a list of Roman consuls, the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic and a high office of the Empire.
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Claudia Livia Julia (Classical Latin: LIVIA•IVLIA) (c. 13 BC – 31 AD) was the only daughter of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor and sister of the Roman Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, and thus the paternal aunt of the emperor Caligula and maternal great-aunt of emperor Nero.
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Lucius Valerius Messalla Volesus was a Roman Senator during the reign of Emperor Augustus.
In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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Paul the Apostle (Paulos; c. 5 – c. 67), originally known as Saul of Tarsus (שאול התרסי; Saulos Tarseus), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world.
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Roman numerals, the numeric system used in ancient Rome, employs combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values.
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Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.
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Ruzi Ying (5 CE – 25 CE), also known as Emperor Ruzi of Han and the personal name of Liu Ying (劉嬰), was the last emperor of the Chinese Western Han Dynasty from 6 CE to 9 CE.
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Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Dīvī Augustī Fīlius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was a Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
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This is a timeline of events concerning ancient Rome, from the city foundation until the last attempt of the Eastern Roman Empire to re-conquer Rome.
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Wang Mang (c. 45 BCE – 6 October 23 CE), courtesy name Jujun (巨君), was a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin (or Hsin, meaning "renewed") Dynasty (新朝), ruling 9–23 CE.
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Yin Lihua (AD 5–64), formally Empress Guanglie (光烈皇后, literally, "the rebuilding and achieving empress"), was an empress during the Eastern Han Dynasty.
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Year 25 (XXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 43 (XLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 64 (LXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 67 (LXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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