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5th century

The 5th century is the time period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in Anno Domini / Common Era. [1]

179 relations: Africa, Africa (Roman province), Alans, Alaric I, Alemanni, Ancient Rome, Anglo-Saxon runes, Anglo-Saxons, Anno Domini, Aquileia, Arles, Armenian alphabet, Armenians, Aspar, Astronomer, Attila, Augustine of Hippo, Bahram V, Baptistry of Neon, Battle of Badon, Battle of Nedao, Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, Battle of Tolbiac, Bodhidharma, Bonifacius, Brittany, Buddhism, Carthage, Catholic Church, Catholicism, Chang'an, Chichen Itza, Childeric I, China, Clovis I, Common Era, Constantine III (Western Roman Emperor), Constantinople, Copán, Council of Chalcedon, Council of Ephesus, Cyril of Alexandria, Dalmatia, Dengizich, Ecumenical council, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, El Salvador, Emperor, Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei, England, ..., Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Faxian, Flavius Aetius, Gallaecia, Gaul, Genseric, Great Britain, Guatemala, Henan, Hippo Regius, Hopewell tradition, Horse collar, Horseshoe, Huiyuan (Buddhist), Huns, Hypatia, Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jerome, Jesus, John Cassian, John Chrysostom, Julian calendar, Julius Nepos, K'inich Popol Hol, K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo', Kālidāsa, Khan (title), King Arthur, King of Italy, Kingdom of the Suebi, Ku Ix, Kumārajīva, Lake Ilopango, Latin, Legend, List of Frankish kings, Madagascar, Mainz, Mary (mother of Jesus), Mathematician, Maya civilization, Merovingian dynasty, Mesrop Mashtots, Metropolis, Mount Song, Muyal Jol, Myanmar, Nestorianism, Nestorius, Niall of the Nine Hostages, North Acropolis, Tikal, North America, Odoacer, Patriarch of Alexandria, Pelagianism, Pelagius, Plough, Pope Dioscorus I of Alexandria, Pope Gelasius I, Pope Leo I, Ravenna, Reims, Rhine, Ricimer, Riothamus, Rome, Romulus Augustulus, Saint Patrick, Saint Remigius, Sasanian Empire, Saxons, Shaolin Monastery, Slavs, Socrates of Constantinople, Sozomen, Suebi, Syagrius, Tarumanagara, The City of God (book), Theoderic the Great, Theotokos, Thuringia, Tugu inscription, Tyrannius Rufinus, Vandals, Visigoths, Vortigern, West Francia, Western Roman Empire, Yazdegerd I, Zen, Zu Chongzhi, 399, 401, 405, 406, 407, 410, 411, 412, 413, 426, 430, 431, 439, 440, 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 469, 470, 476, 477, 480, 481, 486, 490, 491, 493, 494, 496, 497, 500. Expand index (129 more) »

Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.

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Africa (Roman province)

The Roman province of Africa Proconsularis was established after the Romans defeated Carthage in the Third Punic War.

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Alans

The Alans, or the Alani, occasionally termed Alauni or Halani were an Iranian nomadic pastoral people of antiquity.

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Alaric I

Alaric I (Alareiks - "supreme chief"; b. 370 (or 375) – d. 410) was the first King of the Visigoths from 395–410, son (or paternal grandson) of chieftain Rothestes.

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Alemanni

The Alemanni (also Alamanni; Suebi "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the upper Rhine river.

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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.

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Anglo-Saxon runes

Anglo-Saxon runes are runes used by the early Anglo-Saxons as an alphabet in their writing.

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Anglo-Saxons

The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Aquileia

Aquileia (Acuilee/Aquilee/Aquilea,bilingual name of Aquileja - Oglej in: Venetian: Aquiłeja/Aquiłegia, Aglar) is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times.

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Arles

Arles (Arle in both classical and Mistralian norms; Arelate in ancient Latin) is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence.

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Armenian alphabet

The Armenian alphabet (Հայոց գրեր Hayots grer or Հայոց այբուբեն Hayots aybuben) is a graphically unique alphabetical writing system that has been used to write the Armenian language.

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Armenians

Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

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Aspar

Flavius Ardabur Aspar (c. 400471) was an Eastern Roman patrician and magister militum ("master of soldiers") of Alanic-Gothic descent.

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Astronomer

An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who studies stars, planets, moons, comets, and galaxies, as well as many other celestial objects.

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Attila

Attila (or; fl. 434–453), frequently referred to as Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.

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Augustine of Hippo

Augustine of Hippo (or; Oxford English Dictionary. March 2011. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 May 2011. Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis; 13 November 354 – 28 August 430), also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin, and also sometimes as Blessed Augustine in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria), located in Numidia (Roman province of Africa). He is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. Among his most important works are The City of God and Confessions. According to his contemporary, Jerome, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years, he was heavily influenced by Manichaeism and afterward by the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus. After his baptism and conversion to Christianity in 387, Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and perspectives. Believing that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom, he helped formulate the doctrine of original sin and made seminal contributions to the development of just war theory. When the Western Roman Empire began to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the pre-Schism Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God, distinct from the material Earthly City. His thoughts profoundly influenced the medieval worldview. The segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople closely identified with Augustine's City of God. In the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion, he is a saint, a preeminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinians. His memorial is celebrated on 28 August, the day of his death. He is the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, the alleviation of sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses.. catholicapologetics.info Many Protestants, especially Calvinists, consider him to be one of the theological fathers of the Protestant Reformation due to his teachings on salvation and divine grace. In the East, some of his teachings are disputed and have in the 20th century in particular come under attack by such theologians as Father John Romanides. But other theologians and figures of the Orthodox Church have shown significant appropriation of his writings, chiefly Father Georges Florovsky. The most controversial doctrine surrounding his name is the filioque, which has been rejected by the Orthodox Church. Other disputed teachings include his views on original sin, the doctrine of grace, and predestination.Saint Augustine in the Greek Orthodox Tradition, by Rev. Dr. George C. Papademetriou. Webpage: http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith8153 Nevertheless, though considered to be mistaken on some points, he is still considered a saint, and has even had influence on some Eastern Church Fathers, most notably Saint Gregory Palamas. In the Orthodox Church his feast day is celebrated on 28 August and carries the title of Blessed.

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Bahram V

Bahram V (𐭥𐭫𐭧𐭫𐭠𐭭 Wahrām, New Persian: بهرام پنجم Bahrām) was the fifteenth Sasanian King of Persia (420–438).

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Baptistry of Neon

The Baptistry of Neon (Italian: Battistero Neoniano) is a religious building in Ravenna, central Italy.

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Battle of Badon

The Battle of Badon (Bellum Badonis; Modern Mynydd Baddon) or Badon Hill (Bellum in Monte Badonis), also less often known as the Siege of Mount Badon (Obsessio Montis Badonici), was a battle thought to have occurred between a force of Britons and an Anglo-Saxon war band in the late 5th or early 6th century.

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Battle of Nedao

The Battle of Nedao, was a battle fought in Pannonia in 454.

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Battle of the Catalaunian Plains

The Battle of the Catalaunian Plains (or Fields), also called the Battle of Châlons or the Battle of Maurica, took place in AD 451 between a coalition led by the Roman general Flavius Aetius and the Visigothic king Theodoric I against the Huns and their allies commanded by their leader Attila.

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Battle of Tolbiac

The Battle of Tolbiac was fought between the Franks, who were fighting under Clovis I, and the Alamanni, whose leader is not known.

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Bodhidharma

Bodhidharma was an Indian monk who lived during the 5th or 6th century.

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Bonifacius

Comes Bonifacius (anglicized as Count Boniface) (died 432) was a Roman general and governor of the Diocese of Africa.

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the north-west of France.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Carthage

The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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Catholicism

Catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, katholikismos, "universal doctrine") and its adjectival form Catholic are used as broad terms for describing specific traditions in the Christian churches in theology, doctrine, liturgy, ethics, and spirituality.

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Chang'an

Chang'an is an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.

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Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza (Chichén Itzá, from Chi'ch'èen Ìitsha'; "at the mouth of the well of the Itza") was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of the Terminal Classic period.

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Childeric I

Childeric I (Childéric, Childericus; 440 – 481/482) was a Merovingian king of the Salian Franks and the father of Clovis I, who would unite the Franks and found the Merovingian dynasty.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Clovis I

Clovis (Latin: Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlodowig; c. 466 – c. 511) was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs.

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Common Era

Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).

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Constantine III (Western Roman Emperor)

Flavius Claudius Constantinus, known in English as Constantine III (died 411 by 18 September) was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in Britannia in 407 and established himself in Gaul. Recognised by the Emperor Honorius in 409, collapsing support and military setbacks saw him abdicate in 411. He was captured and executed shortly afterwards.

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Constantinople

Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.

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Copán

Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala.

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Council of Chalcedon

The Council of Chalcedon was a church council held from October 8 to November 1, AD 451, at Chalcedon (a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor), on the Asian side of the Bosphorus, known in modern times as Kadıköy in Istanbul province of Republic of Turkey, although it was then separate from Constantinople.

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Council of Ephesus

The Council of Ephesus was a council of Christian bishops convened in Ephesus (near present-day Selçuk in Turkey) in AD 431 by the Roman Emperor Theodosius II.

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Cyril of Alexandria

Cyril of Alexandria (Κύριλλος Ἀλεξανδρείας; c. 376 – 444) was the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 444.

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Dalmatia

Dalmatia (Dalmacija,; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia, and Istria.

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Dengizich

Dengizich (Δεγγιζίχ, spelled De(n)gizikh in Priscus' account; spelled Dikkiz on a silver plate; died 468 or 469), was a son of Attila.

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Ecumenical council

An ecumenical council (or oecumenical council; also general council) is a conference of ecclesiastical dignitaries and theological experts convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice in which those entitled to vote are convoked from the whole world (oikoumene) and which secures the approbation of the whole Church.

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Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople

The Ecumenical Patriarch (Η Αυτού Θειοτάτη Παναγιότης, ο Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Νέας Ρώμης και Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης, I Aftoú Theiotáti Panagiótis, o Archiepískopos Konstantinoupóleos, Néas Rómis kai Oikoumenikós Patriárchis, "His Most Divine All-Holiness the Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch") is the Archbishop of Constantinople–New Rome and ranks as primus inter pares (first among equals) among the heads of the several autocephalous churches that make up the Eastern Orthodox Church, often being regarded as the spiritual leader of the 300 million Orthodox Christians worldwide.

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El Salvador

El Salvador (Pipil: Kūskatan), officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.

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Emperor

An emperor (through Old French empereor from imperator) is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.

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Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei

Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei ((北)魏孝文帝) (October 13, 467 – April 26, 499), personal name né Tuoba Hong (拓拔宏), later Yuan Hong (元宏), or Toba Hung II, was an emperor of the Northern Wei from September 20, 471 to April 26, 499.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the period of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into numerous successor polities.

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Faxian

Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.

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Flavius Aetius

Flavius Aetius (Flavius Aetius; 391–454), dux et patricius, commonly called simply Aetius or Aëtius, was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire.

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Gallaecia

Gallaecia or Callaecia, also known as Hispania Gallaecia, was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania, approximately present-day Galicia, northern Portugal, Asturias and Leon and the later Suebic Kingdom of Gallaecia.

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Gaul

Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, parts of Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.

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Genseric

Genseric or more often Gaiseric or sometimes Geiseric (c. 389 – January 25, 477), was King of the Vandals and Alans (428–477) who established the Vandal Kingdom was one of the key players in the troubles of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century.

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Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.

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Guatemala

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.

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Henan

Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.

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Hippo Regius

Hippo (Regius) (Hippone) is the ancient name of the modern city of Annaba, in Algeria.

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Hopewell tradition

The Hopewell tradition (also called the Hopewell culture) describes the common aspects of the Native American culture that flourished along rivers in the northeastern and midwestern United States from 200 BCE to 500 CE, in the Middle Woodland period.

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Horse collar

A horse collar is a part of a horse harness that is used to distribute the load around a horse's neck and shoulders when pulling a wagon or plough.

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Horseshoe

A horseshoe is a fabricated product, normally made of metal, although sometimes made partially or wholly of modern synthetic materials, designed to protect a horse's hoof from wear.

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Huiyuan (Buddhist)

Huiyuan (Chinese 慧遠; Hui-Yuan, Hui-Yüan in Mandarin or Fi-Yon in Gan) (334–416 AD) was a Chinese Buddhist teacher who founded Donglin Temple on Mount Lushan in Jiangxi province and wrote the text On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings in 404 AD.

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Huns

The Huns were a nomadic group of people who are known to have lived in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia between the 1st century AD and the 7th century.

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Hypatia

Hypatia (or; Ὑπατία Hypatía) (born c. AD 350 – 370; died 415) was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Eastern Roman Empire.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Jerome

Saint Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c.  347 – 30 September 420) was a Catholic priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church.

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Jesus

Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.

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John Cassian

Saint John Cassian (360 – 435 AD), John the Ascetic, or John Cassian the Roman, was a Christian monk and theologian celebrated in both the Western and Eastern Churches for his mystical writings.

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John Chrysostom

John Chrysostom (Ἰωάννης ὁ Χρυσόστομος), c. 349 – 407, Archbishop of Constantinople, was an important Early Church Father.

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Julian calendar

The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.

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Julius Nepos

Julius NeposMartindale 1980, s.v. Iulius Nepos (3), pp.

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K'inich Popol Hol

K'inich Popol Hol was a king of the Maya city of Copán.

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K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo'

K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo' ("Great Sun, Quetzal Macaw the First", ruled 426 – c. 437) is named in Maya inscriptions as the founder and first ruler, k'ul ajaw (also rendered k'ul ahau and k'ul ahaw - meaning holy lord), of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization polity centered at Copán, a major Maya site located in the southeastern Maya lowlands region in present-day Honduras.

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Kālidāsa

Kālidāsa (कालिदास) was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language.

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Khan (title)

Khan, Kahn (хан/khan; kağan or hakan; Azerbaijani: xan; Ottoman: han; Old Turkic:, kaɣan; Chinese: 可汗, kèhán; Goguryeo: 皆, key; Silla: 干, kan; Baekje: 瑕, ke; Manchu:, Pashto: خان خان, Balochi: خان Hindi: ख़ान; Nepali: खाँ Bengali: খ়ান; Bulgarian: хан, Chuvash: хун, hun) is an originally Mongol and subsequently Central Asian title for a sovereign or military ruler, widely used by medieval nomadic Mongol tribes living to the north of China.

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King Arthur

King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th to early 6th century A.D. The details of Arthur's story are mainly composed of folklore and literary invention, and his historical existence is debated and disputed by modern historians.

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King of Italy

King of Italy (Latin: Rex Italiae) was the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom of Italy after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

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Kingdom of the Suebi

The Kingdom of the Suebi, also called the Kingdom of Gallaecia, was a Germanic post-Roman kingdom, one of the first ones to separate from the Roman Empire.

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Ku Ix

Ku Ix was the fourth dynastic ruler Copan.

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Kumārajīva

Kumārajīva (334–413 CE) was a Buddhist monk, scholar, and translator from the Kingdom of Kucha.

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Lake Ilopango

Lake Ilopango is a crater lake which fills a scenic 8 by 11 km (72 km2 or 28 sq mi) volcanic caldera in central El Salvador, on the borders of the San Salvador, La Paz, and Cuscatlán departments.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Legend

A legend (Latin, legenda, "things to be read") is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude.

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List of Frankish kings

The Franks were originally led by dukes (military leaders) and reguli (petty kings).

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Madagascar

Madagascar (or; Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa.

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Mainz

Mainz (Mogontiacum) (Mayence), formerly known in English as Mentz, is the capital of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.

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Mary (mother of Jesus)

According to the New Testament, Mary (Miriam: מרים; BC – AD), also known as Saint Mary or the Virgin Mary, was a Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth and the mother of Jesus.

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Mathematician

A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

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Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for the Maya hieroglyphic script, the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.

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Merovingian dynasty

The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century AD.

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Mesrop Mashtots

Mesrop Mashtots (Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց; 362February 17, 440) was an early medieval Armenian linguist, theologian, statesman and hymnologist.

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Metropolis

A metropolis is a large city or urban area which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.

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Mount Song

Mount Song, is a culturally significant mountain in China.

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Muyal Jol

Muyal Jol was the sixth ruler of Copan.

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Myanmar

Myanmar (or (also with the stress on first syllable)), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.

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Nestorianism

Nestorianism is a Christological doctrine that emphasizes the disunion between the human and divine natures of Jesus.

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Nestorius

Nestorius (in Νεστόριος; 386 – 450) was Archbishop of Constantinople from 10 April 428 until August 431, when the emperor Theodosius II confirmed his condemnation by the Council of Ephesus on 22 June.

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Niall of the Nine Hostages

Niall Noígíallach (Old Irish "having nine hostages"), or in English, Niall of the Nine Hostages, was a prehistoric Irish king, the ancestor of the Uí Néill family that dominated Ireland from the 6th to the 10th century.

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North Acropolis, Tikal

The North Acropolis of the ancient Maya city of Tikal in Guatemala is an architectural complex that served as a royal necropolis and was a centre for funerary activity for over 1300 years.

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North America

North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.

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Odoacer

Flavius Odoacer (433–493), also known as Flavius Odovacer (Odoacre, OdoacerusLouis Maimbourg, The History of Arianism, Volume 2, 1729 Odoaker), was a soldier, who in 476 became the first King of Italy (476–493).

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Patriarch of Alexandria

The Patriarch of Alexandria is the archbishop of Alexandria and Cairo, Egypt.

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Pelagianism

Pelagianism is the belief that original sin did not taint human nature and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil without special Divine aid.

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Pelagius

Pelagius (fl. c. 390-418) was a British-born ascetic moralist, who became well known throughout ancient Rome.

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Plough

A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool (or machine) used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.

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Pope Dioscorus I of Alexandria

Pope Dioscorus I of Alexandria, 25th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

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Pope Gelasius I

Pope Gelasius I (died 19 November 496) was Pope from 1 March 492 to his death in 496.

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Pope Leo I

Pope Leo I (400 – 10 November 461), also known as Saint Leo the Great, was Pope from 29 September 440 to his death in 461.

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Ravenna

Ravenna (also; Ravêna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy.

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Reims

Reims (also spelt Rheims), a city in the Champagne-Ardenne region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Austrian, Swiss- Liechtenstein border, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands.

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Ricimer

Flavius Ricimer (c. 405 – August 18, 472) was a Romanized Germanic general who effectively ruled the remaining territory of the Western Roman Empire from 456 until his death in 472.

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Riothamus

Riothamus (also spelled Riutimus or Riotimus) was a Romano-British military leader, who was active circa AD 470.

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Rome

Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.

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Romulus Augustulus

Romulus Augustus (born perhaps around 461 – died after 476, and was apparently still alive as late as 507) was an Emperor (alleged usurper) reigning over the Western Roman Empire from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476.

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Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick (Patricius; Πατρίκιος; *Qatrikias; Modern Pádraig; Padrig) was a 5th-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland.

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Saint Remigius

Saint Remigius, Remy or Remi, (Saint Rémi or Saint Rémy; Remigio; Remigio; Romieg; Remigiusz; Remig and Remigijus), was Bishop of Reims and Apostle of the Franks, (c. 437 – January 13, 533).

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Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian Empire (or; also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian language, was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 AD to 651 AD.

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Saxons

The Saxons (Saxones, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Sachsen, Saksen) were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the North German Plain.

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Shaolin Monastery

The Shaolin Monastery or Shaolin Temple is a Chan Buddhist temple in Dengfeng county, Zhengzhou, Henan province, China.

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Slavs

The Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group living in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia, who speak the Indo-European Slavic languages, and share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits and historical backgrounds.

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Socrates of Constantinople

Socrates of Constantinople (Σωκράτης ὁ Σχολαστικός, b. c. 380; d. after 439), also known as Socrates Scholasticus, was a 5th-century Christian church historian, a contemporary of Sozomen and Theodoret.

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Sozomen

Salminius Hermias Sozomenus (Σωζομενός; c. 400 – c. 450) was a historian of the Christian Church.

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Suebi

The Suevi, then Suebi and in the 6th century also Suavi (Jordanes, Procopius) were a large group of people who lived in Germania and were first mentioned by Julius Caesar in connection with Ariovistus' campaign in Gaul, c. 58 BC.

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Syagrius

Flavius Syagrius (430 – 486 or 487) was the last Roman military commander in Gaul, whose defeat by king Clovis I of the Franks is considered the end of Western Roman rule outside of Italy.

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Tarumanagara

Tarumanagara or Taruma Kingdom or just Taruma is an early Sundanese Indianised kingdom, whose fifth-century ruler, Purnawarman, produced the earliest known inscriptions on Java island.

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The City of God (book)

De Civitate Dei (full title: De Civitate Dei contra Paganos, translated in English as The City of God Against the Pagans) or The City of God is a book of Christian philosophy written in Latin by Augustine of Hippo in the early 5th century AD.

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Theoderic the Great

Theoderic the Great (thē-ŏd'ə-rik, 𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐍃; Flāvius Theodericus; Θευδέριχος, Theuderikhos; Þēodrīc; Theoderich; 454 – August 30, 526), often referred to as Theodoric, was king of the Ostrogoths (475–526), ruler of Italy (493–526), regent of the Visigoths (511–526), and a patricius of the Roman Empire.

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Theotokos

Theotokos (Θεοτόκος, transliterated (Greek) Theotókos, translation (Syriac-Aramaic):, transliterated (Syriac): Yoldath Alloho) is the Greek title of Mary, the mother of Jesus used especially in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic Churches.

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Thuringia

The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is a federal state of Germany, located in the central part of the country.

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Tugu inscription

The Tugu inscription is one of the early 5th century Tarumanagara inscriptions discovered in Batutumbuh hamlet, Tugu village, Koja, North Jakarta, in Indonesia.

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Tyrannius Rufinus

Tyrannius Rufinus or Rufinus of Aquileia (Rufinus Aquileiensis; 340/345 – 410) was a monk, historian, and theologian.

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Vandals

The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe, or group of tribes, who were first heard of in southern Poland, but later moved around Europe establishing kingdoms in Spain and later North Africa in the 5th century.

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Visigoths

The Visigoths (UK:; US:, Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, or Wisi) were branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

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Vortigern

Vortigern (Gwrtheyrn; Wyrtgeorn; Guorthigern; Foirtchern), also spelled Vortiger and Vortigen, was a 5th-century warlord in Britain, a leading ruler among the Britons.

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West Francia

In medieval historiography, West Francia (Latin: Francia occidentalis) or the Kingdom of the West Franks (regnum Francorum occidentalium) forms the earliest stage of the Kingdom of France, lasting from about 840 until 987.

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Western Roman Empire

In historiography, the Western Roman Empire consists of the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with (or only nominally subordinate to) that administering the eastern half.

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Yazdegerd I

Yazdegerd I (𐭩𐭦𐭣𐭪𐭥𐭲𐭩 <yzdkrt|> Yazdekerd, meaning "made by God"; New Persian: یزدگرد Yazdegerd) was the fourteenth Sasanian king of Persia and ruled from 399 to 420.

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Zen

Zen (Middle Chinese) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chán. It was strongly influenced by Taoism, and developed as a distinguished Chinese style of Buddhism. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam, northeast to Korea and east to Japan, where it became known as Japanese Zen. Zen emphasizes rigorous meditation-practice, insight into Buddha-nature, and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others. As such, it deemphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher. The teachings of Zen include various sources of Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogācāra, the Tathāgatagarbha Sutras and Huayan, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature and, to a lesser extent, Madhyamaka have also been influential in the shaping of the "paradoxical language" of the Zen-tradition.

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Zu Chongzhi

Zu Chongzhi (429–500 CE), courtesy name Wenyuan, was a prominent Chinese mathematician and astronomer during the Liu Song and Southern Qi Dynasties.

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399

Year 399 (CCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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401

Year 401 (CDI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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405

Year 405 (CDV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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406

Year 406 (CDVI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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407

Year 407 (CDVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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410

Year 410 (CDX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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411

Year 411 (CDXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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412

Year 412 (CDXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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413

Year 413 (CDXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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426

Year 426 (CDXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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430

Year 430 (CDXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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431

Year 431 (CDXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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439

Year 439 (CDXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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440

Year 440 (CDXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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450

Year 450 (CDL) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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451

Year 451 (CDLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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452

Year 452 (CDLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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453

Year 453 (CDLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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454

Year 454 (CDLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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455

Year 455 (CDLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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469

Year 469 (CDLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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470

Year 470 (CDLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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476

Year 476 (CDLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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477

Year 477 (CDLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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480

Year 480 (CDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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481

Year 481 (CDLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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486

Year 486 (CDLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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490

Year 490 (CDXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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491

Year 491 (CDXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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493

Year 493 (CDXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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494

Year 494 (CDXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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496

Year 496 (CDXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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497

Year 497 (CDXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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500

Year 500 (D) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Redirects here:

5 Century, 5th CE, 5th Century, 5th cent., 5th centuries, 5th century A.D., 5th century AD, 5th century CE, 5th century., 5th-century, Fifth Century, Fifth century, Fifth century AD, Fifth century CE, Fifth-century, V century, Year in Review 5th Century.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5th_century

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