102 relations: Aegean Sea, Agriculture, Agrigento, Anatolia, Ancient Near East, Animal husbandry, Atlantic Ocean, Ġgantija, Badari culture, Banpo, Bean, Beer, Bible, Brewing, Carbon dioxide, Carnac, Carnac stones, Celestial pole, Central Europe, Chalcolithic, China, Copper, Cycladic culture, Cyprus, Denmark, Dimini, Early anthropocene, Eastern Europe, Eduard Meyer, Egyptian calendar, Epoch (reference date), Eurasia, Europe, Farm, Fishing, France, Funnelbeaker culture, Ganges, Gözlükule, Għar Dalam, Goseck circle, Gourd, History of Japan, Ideogram, India, Industrial Revolution, James Ussher, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Julian day, Khirokitia, ..., Kikai Caldera, Lengyel culture, Maize, Malta, Menhir, Merimde culture, Mesolithic, Mesopotamia, Metallurgy during the Copper Age in Europe, Mexico, Nålebinding, Neolithic, Neolithic circular enclosures in Central Europe, Nile, Northern Europe, Old Testament, Older Peron, Pit–Comb Ware culture, Plough, Prehistoric Egypt, Proto-Austronesian language, Rice, Samara culture, Sesklo, Shaanxi, Sicily, Sothic cycle, Southern Europe, Sredny Stog culture, Tărtăria tablets, Thessaly, Theta Boötis, Thuban, Ubaid period, Universe, Ussher chronology, Vinča culture, Vinča symbols, Volcanic explosivity index, Water buffalo, Western Asia, Wheel, World population, Xi'an, Xi'an Banpo Museum, Yangshao culture, Yumuktepe, 20th century BC, 3rd millennium BC, 40th century BC, 4th millennium BC, 6th millennium BC. Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
The Aegean Sea (Αιγαίο Πέλαγος; Ege Denizi or Adalar Denizi) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.
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Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.
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Agrigento (Sicilian: Girgenti) is a city on the southern coast of Sicily, Italy, and capital of the province of Agrigento.
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Anatolia (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ — "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern), in geography known as Asia Minor (from Mīkrá Asía — "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, Anatolian peninsula, or Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of the Republic of Turkey.
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The ancient Near East was the home of early civilizations within a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East: Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, southeast Turkey, southwest Iran, northeastern Syria and Kuwait), ancient Egypt, ancient Iran (Elam, Media, Parthia and Persia), Anatolia/Asia Minor and Armenian Highlands (Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region, Armenia, northwestern Iran, southern Georgia, and western Azerbaijan), the Levant (modern Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, and Jordan), Cyprus and the Arabian Peninsula.
Animal husbandry is the management and care of farm animals by humans for profit, in which genetic qualities and behavior, considered to be advantageous to humans, are further developed.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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Ġgantija ("Giants' Tower") is a Neolithic, megalithic temple complex on the Mediterranean island of Gozo.
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The Badarian culture provides the earliest direct evidence of agriculture in Upper Egypt during the Predynastic Era.
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Banpo (Bànpō) is an archaeological site discovered in 1953 and located in the Yellow River Valley just east of Xi'an, China.
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Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (alternately Leguminosae) which are used for human or animal food.
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Beer is an alcoholic beverage produced by the saccharification of starch and fermentation of the resulting sugar.
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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.
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Brewing is the production of beer by steeping a starch source (commonly cereal grains) in water and fermenting the resulting sweet liquid with yeast.
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Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas vital to life on Earth.
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Carnac (Breton: Karnag) is a commune beside the Gulf of Morbihan on the south coast of Brittany in the Morbihan department in north-western France.
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The Carnac stones are an exceptionally dense collection of megalithic sites around the village of Carnac, in Brittany, consisting of alignments, dolmens, tumuli and single menhirs.
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The north and south celestial poles are the two imaginary points in the sky where the Earth's axis of rotation, indefinitely extended, intersects the celestial sphere.
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Central Europe (archaically "Middle Europe") is a region lying between the variously defined areas of the Eastern and Western parts of the European continent.
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The Chalcolithic (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) ISBN 0-19-861263-X, p. 301: "Chalcolithic /,kælkəl'lɪθɪk/ adjective Archaeology of, relating to, or denoting a period in the 4th and 3rd millennium BC, chiefly in the Near East and SE Europe, during which some weapons and tools were made of copper. This period was still largely Neolithic in character. Also called Eneolithic... Also called Copper Age - Origin early 20th cent.: from Greek khalkos 'copper' + lithos 'stone' + -ic". χαλκός khalkós, "copper" and λίθος líthos, "stone") period or Copper Age, also known as the Eneolithic or Æneolithic (from Latin aeneus "of bronze"), is a phase of the Bronze Age before it was discovered that adding tin to copper formed the harder bronze.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
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Cycladic civilization (also known as Cycladic culture or The Cycladic period) is an Early Bronze Age culture of the Cyclades, Greece, in the Aegean Sea, spanning the period from approximately 3200–2000 BC.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.
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Denmark (Danmark) is a country in Northern Europe.
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Dimini (Διμήνι; older form: Diminion) is a village near the city of Volos, in Thessaly (central Greece), in Magnesia.
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The early anthropocene hypothesis (sometimes called Early Anthropogenic) is a theory proposed by William Ruddiman.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
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Eduard Meyer (25 January 1855 – 31 August 1930) was a German historian.
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The ancient civil Egyptian calendar had a year that was 365 days long.
In the fields of chronology and periodization, an epoch is an instant in time chosen as the origin of a particular era.
Eurasia is the combined continental landmass of Asia and Europe.
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Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
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A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes or an area of water that is devoted primarily to aquacultural processes in order to produce and manage such commodities as fibres, grains, livestock, dairy, or fuel.
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Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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The Funnel(-neck-)beaker culture, short TRB or TBK from (German) Trichter(-rand-)becherkultur (ca 4300 BC–ca 2800 BC) was an archaeological culture in north-central Europe.
The Ganges, also Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
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Gözlükule is a tumulus within the borders of Tarsus city, Mersin Province, Turkey.
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Għar Dalam (pronounced ar dàlam in Maltese and meaning "Cave of Darkness") is a prehistorical cul-de-sac located in the outskirts of Birżebbuġa, Malta containing the bone remains of animals that were stranded and subsequently became extinct in Malta at the end of the Ice age.
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The Goseck circle is a Neolithic structure in Goseck in the Burgenlandkreis district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
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A gourd is a plant of the family Cucurbitaceae, particularly Cucurbita and Lagenaria or the fruit of the two genera of "calabash tree", Crescentia and Amphitecna.
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Human habitation in the Japanese archipelago can be traced back to prehistoric times.
An ideogram or ideograph (from Greek ἰδέα idéa "idea" and γράφω gráphō "to write") is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept, independent of any particular language, and specific words or phrases.
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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
James Ussher or Usher (4 January 1581 – 21 March 1656) was the Irish Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656.
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Joseph Justus Scaliger (5 August 1540 – 21 January 1609) was a French religious leader and scholar, known for expanding the notion of classical history from Greek and ancient Roman history to include Persian, Babylonian, Jewish and ancient Egyptian history.
Julian day is the continuous count of days since the beginning of the Julian Period used primarily by astronomers.
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Khirokitia (sometimes spelled Choirokoitia; Χοιροκοιτία, Hirokitya) is an archaeological site on the island of Cyprus dating from the Neolithic age.
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Not to be confused with the island Kikaijima nor the town on it Kikai, Kagoshima is a massive, mostly submerged caldera up to in diameter in the Ōsumi Islands of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.
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The Lengyel culture, is an archaeological culture of the European Neolithic, centered on the Middle Danube in Central Europe.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times.
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Malta, officially the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country comprising an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
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A menhir (French, from Middle Breton: maen, "stone" and hir, "long"), standing stone, orthostat, lith or masseba/matseva is a large upright standing stone.
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The Merimde culture (also Merimde Beni-Salame)(Arabic:مرمدة بني سلامة) was a Neolithic culture which corresponds in its later phase to the Faiyum A culture and the Badari cultures in Predynastic Egypt.
In archaeology, mesolithic (Greek: mesos "middle", lithos "stone") is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic.
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Mesopotamia (from the Μεσοποταμία " between rivers"; بلاد الرافدين bilād ar-rāfidayn; میانرودان miyān rodān; ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ Beth Nahrain "land of rivers") is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria, as well as parts of southeastern Turkey and of southwestern Iran.
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The Copper Age, also called the Eneolithic or the Chalcolithic Age, has been traditionally understood as a transitional period between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, in which a gradual introduction of the metal (native copper) took place, while stone was still the main resource utilized.
Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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Nålebinding (Danish: literally "binding with a needle" or "needle-binding", also naalbinding, nålbinding, nålbindning or naalebinding) is a fabric creation technique predating both knitting and crochet.
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The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, from νέος (néos, "new") and λίθος (líthos, "stone"), or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world from First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural Societies by Peter Bellwood, 2004 and ending between 4,500 and 2,000 BC.
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Approximately 120–150 Neolithic earthworks enclosures are known in Central Europe.
The Nile (النيل, Eg. en-Nīl, Std. an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Iteru) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world.
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Northern Europe is the northern part or region of Europe.
The Old Testament is the first section of the Christian Bible, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible, a collection of religious writings by ancient Israelites.
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The Older Peron was the name for a period identified in 1961 as an episode of a global sea-level (i.e. eustatic) high-stand during the Holocene Epoch.
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The Pit–Comb Ware culture Comb Ceramic culture was a northeast European culture of Pit–Comb Ware-making hunter-gatherers.
A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool (or machine) used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
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The prehistory of Egypt spans the period from earliest human settlement to the beginning of the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt in c. 3100 BC, starting with the first Pharaoh Narmer (also known as Menes).
The Proto-Austronesian language (PAN) is the reconstructed ancestor of the Austronesian languages, one of the world's major language families.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
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The Samara culture was a Neolithic culture of the late 6th and early 5th millennium BC at the Samara bend region of the middle Volga, discovered during archaeological excavations in 1973 near the village of Syezzheye (Съезжее) in Russia.
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Sesklo (Σέσκλο) is a village near the city of Volos, in Thessaly (central Greece), in the regional unit of Magnesia.
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Shaanxi (Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, officially part of the Northwest China region.
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Sicily (Sicilia, Old Norse: Sikiley) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy officially referred to as Regione Sicilia.
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The Sothic cycle or Canicular period is a period of 1,461 ancient Egyptian years (of 365 days each) or 1,460 Julian years (averaging 365.25 days each).
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Most definitions of Southern Europe include the countries of the Iberian peninsula (Spain and Portugal), the Italian peninsula, France (only Southern France) and Greece.
The Sredny Stog culture is a pre-kurgan archaeological culture, named after the Russian term for the Dnieper river islet of Seredny Stih, Ukraine, where it was first located, dating from the 5th millennium BC.
The Tărtăria tablets are three tablets, discovered in 1961 by archaeologist Nicolae Vlassa at a Neolithic site in the village of Tărtăria (Hungarian: Alsótatárlaka) (about from Alba Iulia), in Romania.
Thessaly (Θεσσαλία, Thessalía; ancient Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalía) is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name.
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Theta Boötis (θ Boo, θ Boötis) is a star in the constellation Boötes.
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Thuban (ثعبان,, "snake"), also known by its Bayer designation Alpha Draconis (α Draconis, α Dra), is a star (or star system) in the constellation of Draco.
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The Ubaid period (ca. 6500 to 3800 BCE) is a prehistoric period of Mesopotamia.
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The Universe is all of time and space and its contents.
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The Ussher chronology is a 17th-century chronology of the history of the world formulated from a literal reading of the Bible by James Ussher, the Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland).
The Vinča culture, also known as Turdaș culture or Turdaș-Vinča culture, is a Neolithic archaeological culture in Central Europe and Southeastern Europe, dated to the period 5700–4500 BCE.
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The Vinča symbols, sometimes called the Vinča signs, Vinča script, Vinča-Turdaș script, Old European script, etc., are a set of symbols found on Neolithic era (6th to 5th millennia BCE) artifacts from the Vinča culture of Central Europe and Southeastern Europe.
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The volcanic explosivity index (VEI) was devised by Chris Newhall of the US Geological Survey and Stephen Self at the University of Hawaii in 1982 to provide a relative measure of the explosiveness of volcanic eruptions.
The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China.
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Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
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A wheel is a circular component that is intended to rotate on an axle bearing.
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In demographics and general statistics, the term world population refers to the total number of living humans on Earth.
Xi'an, formerly romanized as Sian, is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the northwest of the People's Republic of China, in the center of the Guanzhong Plain.
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The Xi'an Banpo Museum is a museum in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.
The Yangshao culture was a Neolithic culture that existed extensively along the Yellow River in China.
Yumuktepe (or Yümüktepe) is a tell (ruin mound) at within the city borders of Mersin, Turkey.
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The 20th century BC is a century which lasted from the year 2000 BC to 1901 BC.
The 3rd millennium BC spans the Early to Middle Bronze Age.
During the 40th century BC, the Near East and southeastern Europe were in the Chalcolithic period (Copper Age), transitional between the Stone and the Bronze Ages.
The 4th millennium BC saw major changes in human culture.
During the 6th millennium BC, agriculture spread from the Balkans to Italy and Eastern Europe, and also from Mesopotamia to Egypt.
4000s BC, 4001 BC, 4002 BC, 4003 BC, 4004 B.C., 4004 BC, 4004 BCE, 4005 BC, 4012 BC, 4050 BC, 4100 BC, 4100 BCE, 4150 BC, 41st century BC, 4200 BC, 4240 BC, 4250 BC, 42nd century BC, 4300 BC, 4350 BC, 43rd century BC, 4400 BC, 4450 BC, 44th century BC, 4500 B.C., 4500 BC, 4500 BCE, 4550 BC, 45th century BC, 45th century BC., 4600 BC, 4650 BC, 46th century BC, 4700 BC, 4700 BCE, 4713 BC, 4713 BCE, 4750 BC, 47th century BC, 4800 BC, 4800 BCE, 4850 BC, 4860 BC, 48th century BC, 4900 BC, 4950 BC, 49th century BC, 5,000 BCE, 5,000 bc, 5000 B.C., 5000 BC, 5000 BCE, 50th century BC, 5th millennium BCE, 7,000 years ago, 7000 years ago, Early Chalcolithic, Fifth millennium BC, Fifth millennium BCE, Fiftieth century BC, Forty-eighth century BC, Forty-fifth century BC, Forty-first century BC, Forty-fourth century BC, Forty-ninth century BC, Forty-second century BC, Forty-seventh century BC, Forty-sixth century BC, Forty-third century BC.