71 relations: Ab urbe condita, Aerarium militare, Agrippa Postumus, Agrippina the Elder, Anno Domini, Augustus, Bellum Batonianum, Calendar era, Carnuntum, Census, Cleopatra Selene II, Common year starting on Friday, Consul, Cyrenaica, Cyrillic script, Dalmatia (Roman province), Dardani, Edom, Emperor Ping of Han, Eponymous archon, Ethnarch, February 3, Gaul, Germanicus, Han dynasty, Herod Archelaus, Jesus, Josephus, Judas of Galilee, Judea, Judea (Roman province), Julian calendar, Legio III Gallica, Legio VI Ferrata, Legio X Fretensis, Legio XII Fulminata, Legio XX Valeria Victrix, Libya, Lucius Arruntius the Elder, Lucius Arruntius the Younger, Marcomanni, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (consul 6), Maroboduus, Middle Ages, Milonia Caesonia, Moesia, Nero Julius Caesar, Orodes III of Parthia, Pannonia, Parthia, ..., Pharisees, Pianosa, Quirinius, Roman Empire, Roman legion, Roman numerals, Rome, Ruzi Ying, Samaria, Sestertius, Syria, Syria (Roman province), Tiberius, Vienne, Wang Mang, Wiesbaden, Zealots (Judea), 30, 40 BC, 41, 9 BC. Expand index (21 more) » « Shrink index
"ab urbe condita" (related to "anno urbis conditae"; A. U. C., AUC, a.u.c.; also "anno urbis", short a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC.
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The aerarium militare was the military treasury of Imperial Rome.
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Marcus Julius Caesar Agrippa Postumus (26 June 12 BC – 20 August AD 14), also known as Agrippa Postumus or Postumus Agrippa or just Postumus, was a son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder.
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Vipsania Agrippina, most commonly known as Agrippina Major or Agrippina the Elder (Major Latin for the elder, Classical Latin: AGRIPPINA•GERMANICI, 14 BCE – 17 October 33), was a distinguished and prominent Roman woman of the first century CE.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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The Pannonian or Illyrian Revolt (Bellum Batonianum, "War of the Batons"; Batonov rat, "Baton War") was a series of military conflicts between an Illyrian alliance and the Roman Empire.
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A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.
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Carnuntum (Καρνους in Ptolemy) was a Roman army camp on the Danube in the Noricum province and after the 1st century the capital of the Pannonia Superior province, with 50,000 people.
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A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
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Cleopatra Selene II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; late 40 BC – ?), also known as Cleopatra VIII of Egypt or Cleopatra VIII, was a Ptolemaic Princess and was the only daughter to Greek Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman triumvir Mark Antony.
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This is the calendar for any common year starting on Friday, January 1 (dominical letter C).
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Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.
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Cyrenaica (Κυρηναϊκή Kyrēnaïkḗ, after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.
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The Cyrillic script is an alphabetic writing system employed across Eastern Europe and north and central Asia.
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Dalmatia was an ancient Roman province.
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The Dardani (Δαρδάνιοι, Δάρδανοι; Dardani), or Dardanians (Δαρδανίωνες) was a tribe that occupied the region of Dardania, at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone; their identification as either an Illyrian or Thracian tribe is uncertain.
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Edom (or;; Assyrian: Udumi; Syriac: ܐܕܘܡ) or Idumea (Greek: Ἰδουμαία, Idoumaía; Latin: Idūmaea) was a historical region of the Southern Levant located south of Judea and the Dead Sea mostly in the Negev.
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Emperor Ping (9 BC – February 3, AD 6) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty from 1 BC to AD 5.
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In ancient Greece the chief magistrate in various Greek city states was called eponymous archon (ἐπώνυμος ἄρχων, eponymos archon).
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Ethnarch, pronounced, the anglicized form of ethnarches (ἐθνάρχης), refers generally to political leadership over a common ethnic group or homogeneous kingdom.
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Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, parts of Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
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Germanicus Julius Caesar (24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19), commonly known as Germanicus, was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the early Roman Empire.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Herod Archelaus (23 BC – c. 18 AD) was ethnarch (not king) of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea (biblical Edom) from 4 BC to 6 AD, and appointed by Caesar Augustus when Judaea province was formed under direct Roman rule, at the time of the Census of Quirinius.
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Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.
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Titus Flavius Josephus (37 – 100), born Joseph ben Matityahu (Hebrew: יוסף בן מתתיהו, Yosef ben Matityahu), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.
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Judas of Galilee, or Judas of Gamala, was a Jewish leader who led an armed resistance to the census imposed for Roman tax purposes by Quirinius in Iudaea Province around 6 AD.
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Judea or Judæa (from יהודה, Standard Yəhuda Tiberian, Ἰουδαία, Ioudaía; IVDÆA, يهودية, Yahudia) is the biblical, Roman, and modern name of the mountainous southern part of Palestine.
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The Roman province of Judea (Hebrew: יהודה, Standard Yehuda Tiberian; يهودا; Ἰουδαία; Iudaea), sometimes spelled in its original Latin forms of Judæa, Judaea or Iudaea to distinguish it from the geographical region of Judea, which incorporated the regions of Judea, Samaria, and Idumea, and extended over parts of the former regions of the Hasmonean and Herodian kingdoms of Israel.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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Legio tertia Gallica ("Gallic Third Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded around 49 BC by Gaius Julius Caesar for his civil war against the conservative Republicans led by Pompey.
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Legio sexta ferrata ("Sixth Ironclad Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
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Legio X Fretensis ("Tenth legion of the Strait") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
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The Legio duodecima Fulminata ("Thunderbolt Twelfth Legion"), also known as Paterna, Victrix, Antiqua, Certa Constans, and Galliena, was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
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Legio vigesima Valeria victrix ("Valerius' Victorious Twentieth Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
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Libya (ليبيا) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
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Lucius Arruntius (ca. 60 BC – AD 10) was a Roman admiral.
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Lucius Arruntius the Younger (before 27 BC – 37 AD) was a Roman senator praised by the ancient Roman historian Tacitus.
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The Marcomanni were a Germanic tribal confederation, probably related to the Buri or the Suebi.
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Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c. 30 BC – 33 AD) was a Roman senator, politician and general, praised by the historian Tacitus.
Maroboduus (born c. in 30 BC, died in AD 37), was king of the Marcomanni.
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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Milonia Caesonia (died 24 January CE 41) was a Roman empress and the fourth and last wife of the Roman Emperor Caligula.
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Moesia (or; Latin: Moesia; Μοισία) was an ancient region and later Roman province situated in the Balkans, along the south bank of the Danube River.
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Nero Julius Caesar Germanicus (c. AD 6–AD 31) was a close relative of the Roman emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
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Orodes III (ارد سوم) was raised to the throne of the Parthian Empire around 4 AD by the magnates after the death of Phraates V (reigned ca. 2 BC – AD 4).
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Pannonia was an ancient province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia.
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Parthia (𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺, Parθava, 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅, Parθaw, 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥, Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran.
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The Pharisees (/ˈfærəˌsiːz/) were at various times a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought in the Holy Land during the time of Second Temple Judaism.
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The small island of Pianosa, about in area, has a coastal perimeter of, forms part of Italy's Tuscan Archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
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Publius Sulpicius Quirinius (Greek Κυρήνιος – Kyrenios or Cyrenius, c. 51 BC – AD 21) was a Roman aristocrat.
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") normally indicates the basic ancient Roman army unit recruited specifically from Roman citizens.
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Roman numerals, the numeric system used in ancient Rome, employs combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values.
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Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.
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Ruzi Ying (5 CE – 25 CE), also known as Emperor Ruzi of Han and the personal name of Liu Ying (劉嬰), was the last emperor of the Chinese Western Han Dynasty from 6 CE to 9 CE.
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Samaria, or the Shomron (שֹׁמְרוֹן, Standard Tiberian; السامرة, – also known as جبال نابلس) is a name for the mountainous, central region of the ancient Levant, based on the borders of the biblical Northern Kingdom of Israel and especially the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh.
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The Sestertius, or Sesterce, (pl. sestertii) was an ancient Roman coin.
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Syria (سوريا or سورية, Sūriyā or Sūrīyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia.
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Syria was an early Roman province, annexed to the Roman Republic in 64 BC by Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War following the defeat of Armenian King Tigranes the Great.
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Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Dīvī Augustī Fīlius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was a Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
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Vienne is a department in the Poitou-Charentes region of France named after the river Vienne.
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Wang Mang (c. 45 BCE – 6 October 23 CE), courtesy name Jujun (巨君), was a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin (or Hsin, meaning "renewed") Dynasty (新朝), ruling 9–23 CE.
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Wiesbaden is a city in central western Germany and the capital of the federal state of Hesse.
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The Zealots were originally a political movement in 1st century Second Temple Judaism which sought to incite the people of Judaea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel it from the Holy Land by force of arms, most notably during the First Jewish–Roman War (66-70).
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Year 30 (XXX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 40 BC was either a common year starting on Thursday, Friday or Saturday or a leap year starting on Thursday or Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Friday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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Year 41 (XLI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 9 BC was either a common year starting on Wednesday, Thursday or Friday or a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a leap year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
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