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6 February 1934 crisis

The 6 February 1934 crisis was an anti-parliamentarist street demonstration in Paris organized by multiple far-right leagues that culminated in a riot on the Place de la Concorde, near the seat of the French National Assembly. [1]

100 relations: Action Française, Activism, Albert Oustric, Alexandre Stavisky, Anarchism in France, André Tardieu, Anti-communism, Anti-fascism, Antisemitism, Authoritarianism, Éditions Albin Michel, Édouard Daladier, Élysée Palace, Émile Chartier, Bankruptcy, Battle of Cable Street, Battle of France, Bayonne, Benito Mussolini, Bonus Army, Camelots du Roi, Camille Chautemps, Cartel des Gauches, Chamber of Deputies (France), Charles Maurras, Collaborationism, Comité de vigilance des intellectuels antifascistes, Communist International, Confédération générale du travail unitaire, Counter-revolutionary, Coup d'état, Croix-de-Feu, Daniel Halévy, Far-right leagues, Fascio, Fascism, François Coty, François de La Rocque, Franc, Freemasonry, French Communist Party, French legislative election, 1932, French Revolution of 1848, French Section of the Workers' International, French Third Republic, Gaston Doumergue, General Confederation of Labour (France), General strike, Great Depression in France, House of Capet, ..., Italian Fascism, Jean Chiappe, Jeunesses Patriotes, John Gunther, Joseph Stalin, Latin Quarter, Paris, Legitimists, Ligue des Patriotes, List of Prime Ministers of France, Louis Barthou, Louis Marin, Marc Bloch, Marcel Bucard, March on Rome, Marthe Hanau, Michel Dobry, Michel Winock, Militarism, Mouvement Franciste, National Assembly (France), Naturalization, Nazism, Palais Bourbon, Parliamentary system, Paul Déroulède, Paul Langevin, Paul Rivet, Petite bourgeoisie, Philippe Pétain, Pierre Taittinger, Place de la Concorde, Political scandal, Popular Front (France), Prefecture of Police, Radical Party (France), René Rémond, Robert Soucy, Seine, Social democracy, Solidarité Française, Sorbonne, Spanish Civil War, State of emergency, Stavisky Affair, Tours Congress, Vichy France, Wall Street Crash of 1929, World War I, Xenophobia, Zeev Sternhell. Expand index (50 more) »

Action Française

Action française (AF; French Action) is a French far right political movement.

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Activism

Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change, or stasis.

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Albert Oustric

Albert Oustric (2 September 1887 – 16 April 1971) was a French entrepreneur and banker.

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Alexandre Stavisky

Serge Alexandre Stavisky (20 November 1886, Ukraine – 8 January 1934, Chamonix) was a French financier and embezzler whose actions created a political scandal that became known as the Stavisky Affair.

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Anarchism in France

Thinker Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, who grew up during the Restoration was the first self-described anarchist.

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André Tardieu

André Pierre Gabriel Amédée Tardieu (22 September 1876 – 15 September 1945) was three times Prime Minister of France (3 November 1929 – 17 February 1930; 2 March – 4 December 1930; 20 February – 10 May 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life in 1929–1932.

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Anti-communism

Anti-communism is opposition to communism.

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Anti-fascism

Anti-fascism is opposition to fascist ideologies, groups and individuals.

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Antisemitism

Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is prejudice against, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews as an ethnic, religious, or racial group.

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Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism is a form of government.

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Éditions Albin Michel

Éditions Albin Michel is a French publisher.

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Édouard Daladier

Édouard Daladier (18 June 1884 – 10 October 1970) was a French Radical politician and the Prime Minister of France at the start of the Second World War.

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Élysée Palace

The Élysée Palace (Palais de l'Élysée) is the official residence of the President of the French Republic since 1848.

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Émile Chartier

Émile-Auguste Chartier (3 March 1868 – 2 June 1951), commonly known as Alain, was a French philosopher, journalist, and pacifist.

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Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay the debts it owes to creditors.

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Battle of Cable Street

The Battle of Cable Street took place on Sunday 4 October 1936 in Cable Street in the East End of London.

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Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War, beginning on 10 May 1940, defeating primarily French forces.

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Bayonne

Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune in southwestern France at the confluence of the Nive and Adour rivers, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, of which it is a sub-prefecture.

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Benito Mussolini

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943.

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Bonus Army

The Bonus Army was the popular name of an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C., in the spring and summer of 1932 to demand cash-payment redemption of their service certificates.

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Camelots du Roi

The Fédération nationale des Camelots du Roi (French for National Federation of the King's Camelots) were the youth organization of the Royalist Action française French integralist movement.

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Camille Chautemps

Camille Chautemps (1 February 1885 – 1 July 1963) was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic, three times President of the Council (Prime Minister).

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Cartel des Gauches

The Lefts Cartel (Cartel des gauches) was the name of the governmental alliance between the Radical-Socialist Party and the socialist French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) after World War I (1914–18), which lasted until the end of the Popular Front (1936–38).

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Chamber of Deputies (France)

Chamber of Deputies (la Chambre des députés) was the name given to several parliamentary bodies in France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

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Charles Maurras

Charles-Marie-Photius Maurras (20 April 1868 – 16 November 1952) was a French author, poet, and critic.

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Collaborationism

Collaborationism is cooperation with the enemy against one's country in wartime.

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Comité de vigilance des intellectuels antifascistes

The Watchfulness Committee of Antifascist Intellectuals (Comité de vigilance des intellectuels antifascistes, CVIA) was a French political organization created in March 1934, in the wake of the February 6, 1934 riots organized by far right leagues, which had led to the fall of the second Cartel des gauches (Left-Wing Coalition) government.

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Communist International

The Communist International, abbreviated as Comintern and also known as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.

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Confédération générale du travail unitaire

The Confédération générale du travail unitaire, or CGTU (United General Confederation of Labor) was a trade union confederation in France that at first included anarcho-syndicalists and soon became aligned with the French Communist Party.

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Counter-revolutionary

A counter-revolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part.

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Coup d'état

A coup d'état (literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form), also known simply as a coup, or an overthrow, is the sudden and (usually) illegal seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.

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Croix-de-Feu

The Cross of Fire (Croix-de-Feu) was a French league of the Interwar period, led by Colonel François de la Rocque (1885–1946).

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Daniel Halévy

Daniel Halévy (12 December 1872 – 4 February 1962) was a French historian.

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Far-right leagues

The Far-right leagues (Ligues d'extrême droite) were several French far-right movements opposed to parliamentarism, which mainly dedicated themselves to military parades, street brawls, demonstrations and riots.

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Fascio

Fascio, plural -sci /'faʃʃo, ʃi/ is an Italian word literally meaning "a bundle" or "a sheaf", and figuratively league, and which was used in the late 19th century to refer to political groups of many different (and sometimes opposing) orientations.

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Fascism

Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

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François Coty

François Coty (born Joseph Marie François Spoturno; 3 May 1874, Ajaccio, France – 25 July 1934, Louveciennes) was a French perfumer and businessman.

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François de La Rocque

Colonel François de La Rocque (6 October 1885 – 28 April 1946) was leader of the French right-wing league named the Croix de Feu from 1930–1936, before forming the more moderate nationalist Parti Social Français (1936–1940), that can be seen as a precursor of Gaullism.

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Franc

The franc (₣) is the name of several currency units.

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Freemasonry

Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that traces its origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.

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French Communist Party

The French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF) is a communist party in France.

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French legislative election, 1932

French legislative elections to elect the 15th legislature of the French Third Republic were held on 1 and 8 May 1932.

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French Revolution of 1848

The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de Février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe.

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French Section of the Workers' International

The French Section of the Workers' International (Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, SFIO) was a French socialist political party founded in 1905 and replaced in 1969 by the current Socialist Party (PS).

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French Third Republic

The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) governed France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, to 1940, when France's defeat by Nazi Germany led to the Vichy France government.

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Gaston Doumergue

Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (1 August 1863 in Aigues-Vives, Gard18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

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General Confederation of Labour (France)

The General Confederation of Labour (Confédération générale du travail, CGT) is a national trade union center, the first of the five major French confederations of trade unions.

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General strike

A general strike (or mass strike) is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.

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Great Depression in France

The Great Depression affected France from about 1931 through the remainder of the decade.

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House of Capet

The House of Capet or the Direct Capetians (Les Capétiens, la Maison capétienne), also called the House of France (la maison de France), or simply the Capets, ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328.

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Italian Fascism

Italian Fascism (Fascismo Italiano), also known simply as Fascism (Fascismo), is the original fascist ideology, as developed in Italy.

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Jean Chiappe

Jean Baptiste Pascal Eugène Chiappe (b. Ajaccio, 3 May 1878 d. 27 November 1940) was a high-ranking French civil servant.

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Jeunesses Patriotes

The Jeunesses Patriotes (Patriotic Youths, JP) were a Fascist-inspired street brawlers group of France, recruited mostly from university students and financed by industrialists founded in 1924 by Pierre Taittinger.

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John Gunther

John Gunther (August 30, 1901 – May 29, 1970) was an American journalist and author whose success came primarily through a series of popular sociopolitical works known as the "Inside" books (1936–1972), including the best-selling Inside U.S.A. in 1947.

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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin (birth surname: Jughashvili; 18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.

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Latin Quarter, Paris

The Latin Quarter of Paris (Quartier latin) is an area in the 5th and the 6th arrondissements of Paris.

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Legitimists

The Legitimists (Légitimistes) are royalists in France who adhere to the rights of dynastic succession of the descendants of the elder branch of the Bourbon dynasty, which was overthrown in the 1830 July Revolution.

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Ligue des Patriotes

The League of Patriots (Ligue des Patriotes) was a French far right league, founded in 1882 by the nationalist poet Paul Déroulède, historian Henri Martin, and Félix Faure.

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List of Prime Ministers of France

The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the Head of government and of the Cabinet of France.

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Louis Barthou

Jean Louis Barthou (25 August 1862 – 9 October 1934) was a French politician of the Third Republic who served as Prime Minister of France for eight months in 1913.

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Louis Marin

Louis Marin (22 May 1931 – 29 October 1992) was a French philosopher, historian, semiotician and art critic.

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Marc Bloch

Marc Léopold Benjamin Bloch (6 July 1886 – 16 June 1944) was a French historian who cofounded the highly influential Annales School of French social history.

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Marcel Bucard

Marcel Bucard (December 7, 1895, Saint-Clair-sur-Epte – March 13, 1946, Fort of Châtillon) was a French Fascist politician.

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March on Rome

The March on Rome (Italian: Marcia su Roma) was a march by which Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, or PNF) came to power in the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia).

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Marthe Hanau

Marthe Hanau (1890-1935) was a Frenchwoman who defrauded French financial markets in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Michel Dobry

Michel Dobry is a French political scientist.

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Michel Winock

Michel Winock (1937) is a French historian, specializing in the history of the French Republic, intellectual movements, antisemitism, nationalism and the far right movements of France.

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Militarism

Militarism is the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.

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Mouvement Franciste

The Francist Movement (Mouvement Franciste, MF) was a French Fascist and Antisemitic league created by Marcel Bucard in September 1933; it edited the newspaper Le Francisme.

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National Assembly (France)

The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic.

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Naturalization

Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country.

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Nazism

National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and Nazi state as well as other far-right groups.

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Palais Bourbon

The Palais Bourbon is a palace located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, on the left bank of the Seine, across from the Place de la Concorde.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

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Paul Déroulède

Paul Déroulède (2 September 1846 – 30 January 1914) was a French author and politician, one of the founders of the nationalist League of Patriots.

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Paul Langevin

Paul Langevin (23 January 1872 – 19 December 1946) was a prominent French physicist who developed Langevin dynamics and the Langevin equation.

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Paul Rivet

Paul Rivet (7 May 1876, Wasigny, Ardennes – 25 March 1958) was a French ethnologist; he founded the Musée de l'Homme in 1937.

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Petite bourgeoisie

Petite bourgeoisie, also petty bourgeoisie (literally small bourgeoisie), is a French term (sometimes derogatory) referring to a social class comprising semi-autonomous peasantry and small-scale merchants whose politico-economic ideological stance is determined by reflecting that of a haute (high) bourgeoisie, with which the petite bourgeoisie seeks to identify itself, and whose bourgeois morality it strives to imitate.

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Philippe Pétain

Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain, Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain or The Lion of Verdun), was a French general who reached the distinction of Marshal of France, and was later Chief of State of Vichy France (Chef de l'État Français), from 1940 to 1944.

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Pierre Taittinger

Pierre-Charles Taittinger (4 October 1887 – 22 January 1965) was the founder of the Taittinger champagne house and chairman of the municipal council of Paris in 1943–1944 during the German occupation of France, in which position he played a role during the Liberation of Paris.

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Place de la Concorde

The Place de la Concorde is one of the major public squares in Paris, France.

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Political scandal

A political scandal is a kind of political corruption that is exposed and becomes a scandal, in which politicians or government officials are accused of engaging in various illegal, corrupt, or unethical practices.

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Popular Front (France)

The Popular Front (French: Front populaire) was an alliance of left-wing movements, including the French Communist Party (PCF), the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) and the Radical and Socialist Party, during the interwar period.

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Prefecture of Police

In France, a Prefecture of Police (Préfecture de police), headed by the Prefect of Police (Préfet de police), is an agency of the Government of France (and part of the French National Police) which provides the police force for one or some départements.

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Radical Party (France)

The Radical Party (Parti radical, also Parti radical valoisien, abbreviated to Rad.) is a liberal and social-liberal political party in France.

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René Rémond

René Rémond (30 September 1918 – 14 April 2007) was a French historian, political scientist and political economist.

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Robert Soucy

Robert Soucy (born June 25, 1933) is an American historian, specializing in French fascist movements between 1924 and 1939, French fascist intellectuals Maurice Barrès and Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, European fascism, twentieth-century European intellectual history, and Marcel Proust's aesthetics of reading.

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Seine

The Seine (La Seine) is a long river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.

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Social democracy

Social democracy is a political ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy, and a policy regime involving welfare state provisions, collective bargaining arrangements, regulation of the economy in the general interest, redistribution of income and wealth, and a commitment to representative democracy.

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Solidarité Française

Solidarité Française ("French Solidarity") was a French far right league founded in 1933 by perfume manufacturer François Coty and commanded by Major Jean Renaud, they dressed in blue shirts, black berets, and jackboots, and shouted the slogan "France for the French".

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Sorbonne

The Sorbonne is an edifice of the Latin Quarter, in Paris, France, which was the historical house of the former University of Paris.

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Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.

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State of emergency

A government or division of government (i.e. on a municipal, provincial/state level) may declare that their area is in a state of emergency.

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Stavisky Affair

The Stavisky Affair was a 1934 financial scandal generated by the actions of embezzler Alexandre Stavisky.

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Tours Congress

The Tours Congress was the 18th National Congress of the French Section of the Workers' International, or SFIO, which took place in Tours on 25–30 December 1920.

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Vichy France

Vichy France is the Allies' description of the government of the French State (État français), following its relocation to the spa town of Vichy, headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain from 1940 to 1944 during World War II.

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Wall Street Crash of 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday, the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929, and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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Xenophobia

Xenophobia is the dislike of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.

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Zeev Sternhell

Zeev Sternhell (זאב שטרנהל, born 1935) is a Polish-born Israeli historian, political scientist, commentator on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and writer.

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Redirects here:

6 February 1934 riots, Coup d'etat on February 6, 1934, Coup d'état on February 6, 1934, February 1934 riots, February 6, 1934 crisis, February 6, 1934 far right riots, February 6, 1934 rally, February 6, 1934 riots, February 6, 1934, riots, Putsch of February 6, 1934.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6_February_1934_crisis

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