143 relations: Africa Star, Albert Kesselring, Allerona, Allied Armies in Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Arezzo, Armoured warfare, Army Group Royal Artillery, Arno, Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Bagnoregio, Bailey bridge, Battle of Anzio, Battle of Madagascar, Battle of Monte Cassino, Bologna, British Mandate for Palestine (legal instrument), Cape Corps, Cape Field Artillery, Cape Town Highlanders Regiment, Casablanca Conference, Casentino, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Celleno, Chianciano Terme, Chianti, Chiefs of Staff Committee, Chiusi, Coldstream Guards, Croix de Guerre, Desert Air Force, Distinguished Service Order, Division (military), Durban Light Infantry, Egypt, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Evered Poole, Fallschirm-Panzer Division 1 Hermann Göring, First City Regiment, Florence, Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin, George Brink, Gothic Line, Grenadier Guards, Greve in Chianti, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Helwan, History of the Scots Guards (1914–1945), Hitler Line, ..., I Canadian Corps, II Corps (Poland), II Corps (United States), III Corps (United Kingdom), Imperia, Impruneta, Italian Campaign (World War II), Italian Co-belligerent Army, Italy, IV Corps (United States), Jan Smuts, Kimberley Regiment, Lago di Montepulciano, Lake Bolsena, Legion of Honour, Legion of Merit, Lehr-Brigade (mot.) 900, Libyan Desert, Light Horse Regiment, List of German divisions in World War II, Lucca, Lucian Truscott, LXXVI Panzer Corps, Major general, Mark W. Clark, Māori Battalion, Mentioned in dispatches, Milan, Natal Carbineers, Natal Mounted Rifles, Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes, Nick Bierman, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Dragoon, Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Orvieto, Palazzuolo sul Senio, Panzerfaust, Po Valley, Ponte Vecchio, Pretoria Regiment, Prince Alfred's Guard, Radda in Chianti, Rapolano Terme, Regiment Botha, Regiment de la Rey, Regiment President Steyn, Royal Army Medical Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Newfoundland Regiment, Second Battle of El Alamein, Sidney Kirkman, Siena, South African Army, Special Service Battalion, Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, Suez, Taranto, Tiber, Tiger I, Tobruk, Trasimene Line, Treviso, Ultra, Union Defence Force (South Africa), United States Army Europe, United States Army North, United States Engineer Regiments in World War II, Winston Churchill, Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment, World War II, X Corps (United Kingdom), XIII Corps (United Kingdom), XXII Tactical Air Command, 13th Frontier Force Rifles, 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, 1st Armored Division (United States), 1st Infantry Division (South Africa), 24th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Infantry Division (South Africa), 2nd New Zealand Division, 33rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 3rd Infantry Division (South Africa), 44th Infantry Division Cremona, 4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Parachute Division (Germany), 56th (London) Division, 6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 8th Infantry Division (India), 8th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht). Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
The Africa Star is a military campaign medal, instituted by the United Kingdom on 8 July 1943 for award to citizens of the British Commonwealth who served in the Second World War, specifically in North Africa between 10 June 1940 and 12 May 1943 inclusive.
Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.
Allerona is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Terni in the Italian region Umbria, located about 50 km southwest of Perugia and about 60 km northwest of Terni.
The Allied Armies in Italy, commanded by British General Sir Harold Alexander, was the title of the highest Allied field headquarters in Italy, during the middle part of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major World War II campaign, in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis Powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Arezzo is a city and comune in Italy, capital of the province of the same name, located in Tuscany.
Armoured warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
An Army Group Royal Artillery was a British Commonwealth military formation type during the Second World War and shortly thereafter, generally assigned to corps.
The Arno is a river in the Tuscany region of Italy.
The Autodromo Nazionale Monza is a race track located near the city of Monza, north of Milan, in Italy.
Bagnoregio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Viterbo in the Italian region of Lazio, located about northwest of Rome and about north of Viterbo.
The Bailey bridge is a type of portable, pre-fabricated, truss bridge.
The Battle of Anzio was an important battle of the Italian Campaign during World War II that began on January 22, 1944, with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle against the German forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno.
The Battle of Madagascar was the British campaign to capture Vichy French-controlled Madagascar during World War II.
The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
Bologna (Emilian: Bulåggna pronounced; Bononia) is the largest city (and the capital) of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Italy.
The British Mandate for Palestine, shortly Mandate for Palestine, or the Palestine Mandate was a League of Nations mandate for the territory that had formerly constituted the Ottoman Empire sanjaks of Nablus, Acre, the Southern part of the Vilayet of Syria, the Southern portion of the Beirut Vilayet, and the Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem, prior to the Armistice of Mudros.
The Cape Corps and its predecessor units were the main military organisations in which the Coloured members of South Africa's population served.
The Cape Field Artillery (CFA) is a reserve artillery regiment of the South African Army and part of the South African Army Artillery Formation.
The Cape Town Highlanders Regiment is a mechanised infantry regiment of the South African Army.
The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, French Morocco from January 14 to 24, 1943, to plan the Allied European strategy for the next phase of World War II.
The Casentino is the valley in which the first tract of the river Arno flows to Subbiano, Italy.
Castelnuovo Berardenga is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about southeast of Florence and about east of Siena.
Celleno is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Viterbo in the Italian region Lazio, located about northwest of Rome and about north of Viterbo.
Chianciano Terme is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about southeast of Florence and about southeast of Siena.
A Chianti wine is any wine produced in the Chianti region, in central Tuscany, Italy.
The Chiefs of Staff Committee (CSC) is composed of the most senior military personnel in the British Armed Forces who advise on operational military matters and the preparation and conduct of military operations.
Chiusi (Etruscan: Clevsin; Umbrian: Camars; Ancient Greek: Klysion, Κλύσιον; Latin: Clusium) is a town and comune in province of Siena, Tuscany, Italy.
The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
The Croix de Guerre (English translation: Cross of War) is a military decoration of France.
The Desert Air Force (DAF), also known chronologically as Air Headquarters Western Desert, Air Headquarters Libya, the Western Desert Air Force, and the First Tactical Air Force (1TAF), was an Allied tactical air force initially created from No. 204 Group under RAF Middle East Command in North Africa in 1941 to provide close air support to the British Eighth Army.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations and British Empire, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Durban Light Infantry is a Motorised Infantry regiment of the South African Army.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Eighth Army was a field army and one of the best-known formations of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Major General William Henry Evered Poole,, Commander of the French Légion d'honneur, Croix de Guerre avec Palme, Mentioned in Despatches, was a South African soldier before and during World War II and afterwards a diplomat.
The Fallschirm-Panzer-Division 1.
First City (abbreviated to FC) is an air assault infantry regiment of the South African Army.
Florence (Firenze, alternative obsolete form: Fiorenza; Latin: Florentia) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence.
Fridolin Rudolf Theodor, Ritter und Edler von Senger und Etterlin (September 4, 1891 – January 9, 1963) was a German general during World War II.
Lieutenant-General George Edwin Brink (27 September 188930 April 1971) was a South African military commander.
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) formed Field Marshal Albert Kesselring's last major line of defence in the Italian Campaign during the final stages of the Second World War along the summits of the northern part of the Apennine Mountains during the fighting retreat of the German forces in Italy against the Allied Armies in Italy commanded by General Sir Harold Alexander.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
Greve in Chianti (the old name was Greve; in 1972 was renamed Greve in Chianti after the inclusion of that area in the Chianti wine district) is a town and comune (municipality) in the province of Florence, Tuscany, Italy.
Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis PC PC(Can) (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a British military commander and field marshal who served with distinction in both world wars and, afterwards, as Governor-General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.
Helwan (حلوان), also spelled Hilwan or Hulwan or Holwan, is a city in Egypt and part of Greater Cairo, on the bank of the Nile, opposite the ruins of Memphis.
This article details the history of the Scots Guards from 1914 to 1945.
The Hitler Line was a German defensive line in central Italy during the Second World War.
I Canadian Corps was one of the two corps fielded by the Canadian Army during World War II.
Polish II Corps (Drugi Korpus Wojska Polskiego), 1943–1947, was a major tactical and operational unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
The II Corps was a corps of the United States Army and the first US formation of any size to see combat in Europe or Africa during World War II.
III Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Imperia,, is a coastal city and comune in the region of Liguria, Italy.
Impruneta is a town and comune of the province of Florence in the Italian region of Tuscany.
The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
The Italian Co-belligerent Army (Esercito Cobelligerante Italiano), Army of the South (Esercito del Sud), or Italian Liberation Corps (Corpo Italiano di Liberazione) were names applied to the Royal Italian Army during the period when it fought on the side of the Allies during World War II, that is to say from September 1943 onwards.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
The IV U.S. Army Corps was first organized in 20 June 1918, during World War I as part of American Expeditionary Forces at Western Front, as Headquarters IV Army Corps.
Jan Christiaan Smuts OM CH DTD ED KC FRS PC (24 May 1870 – 11 September 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader and philosopher.
The Kimberley Regiment is an infantry regiment of the South African Army.
Lago di Montepulciano is a lake in the Province of Siena, Tuscany, Italy.
Lake Bolsena (Lago di Bolsena) is a crater lake of central Italy, of volcanic origin, which began to collect 370,000 years ago following the formation of a caldera in the Vulsini volcanic complex.
The Legion of Honour, or in full the National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is a French order established by Napoleon Bonaparte on 19 May 1802.
The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
Lehr-Brigade (mot.) 900 (Motorized Demonstration Brigade) was formed 17 June 1941 by the German Army from school units in preparation for Operation Barbarossa.
The Libyan Desert, also known as the Western Desert, forms the northern and eastern part of the Sahara Desert and covers an area of approximately.
The Light Horse Regiment (LHR), formerly the Imperial Light Horse (ILH), is an armoured car reconnaissance unit of the South African Army.
This article lists divisions of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces), including the Heer, Luftwaffe, and Kriegsmarine, active during World War II.
Lucca is a city and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, situated on the river Serchio in a fertile plain near the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Lucian King Truscott, Jr. (January 9, 1895 – September 12, 1965) was a United States Army officer, who successively commanded the 3rd Infantry Division, VI Corps, U.S. Fifteenth Army and U.S. Fifth Army during World War II.
The LXXVI Panzer Corps (LXXVI Panzerkorps, 76th Armoured Corps) was a panzer corps of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Major-general (or major general) is a military rank used in many countries.
Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 – April 17, 1984) was a senior American general during World War II and the Korean War and was the youngest lieutenant general (three-star general) in the United States Army.
The 28th (Māori) Battalion, more commonly known as the Māori Battalion, was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Army that served during the Second World War.
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which is described his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy.
Milan (or; Milano; Milanese: Milan), the second-most populous city in Italy, serves as the capital of Lombardy.
The Natal Carbineers Regiment is an Infantry regiment of the South African Army.
The Natal Mounted Rifles is an armoured regiment of the South African Army.
The Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI) is an organisation created by the British government in 1921 to run recreational establishments needed by the British Armed Forces, and to sell goods to servicemen and their families.
Lieutenant-General Jacobus Nicolaas "Nick" Bierman (1910 – 1977) was a South African military commander.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (usually abbreviated as HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Operation Dragoon was the Allied invasion of southern France on 15 August 1944, during World War II.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the "order of chivalry of British democracy", rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations and public service outside the Civil Service.
Orvieto is a city and comune in the Province of Terni, southwestern Umbria, Italy situated on the flat summit of a large butte of volcanic tuff.
Palazzuolo sul Senio (formerly Palazzolo di Romagna; Romagnolo: Palazol) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Florence in the Italian region Tuscany, located about northeast of Florence.
The Panzerfaust (lit. "armor fist" or "tank fist", plural: Panzerfäuste) was a cheap, single shot, recoilless German anti-tank weapon of World War II.
The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Italy.
The Ponte Vecchio ("Old Bridge") is a Medieval stone closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge over the Arno River, in Florence, Italy, noted for still having shops built along it, as was once common.
The Pretoria Regiment is an armoured regiment of the South African Army.
Prince Alfred's Guard (PAG) is an infantry regiment of the South African Army.
Radda in Chianti is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about southeast of Florence and about north of Siena.
Rapolano Terme is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about southeast of Florence and about east of Siena in the area known as the Crete Senesi.
Regiment Botha is an infantry regiment of the South African Army.
Regiment de la Rey (abbreviated to RDLR) is an infantry battalion of the South African Army.
Regiment President Steyn is an armoured regiment of the South African Army.
The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA), is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Newfoundland Regiment (R NFLD R) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein.
General Sir Sidney Chevalier Kirkman GCB, KBE, MC (1895–1982) was a senior officer of the British Army from 1944 to 1950 and Director General of Civil Defence in the Civil Defence Department from 1954 to 1960.
Siena (in English sometimes spelled Sienna) is a city in Tuscany, Italy.
The South African Army is the army of South Africa, first formed after the Union of South Africa was created in 1910.
The Special Service Battalion (SSB) is a South African military unit formed on 1 May 1933 under the patronage of Oswald Pirow, Minister of Defence.
The Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War, launched by the United States Fifth Army, the British Eighth Army and the Brazilian Expeditionary Force into the Lombardy Plain which started on 6 April 1945 and ended on 2 May with the surrender of German forces in Italy.
Suez (السويس; -arz) is a seaport city (population ca. 497,000) in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez (a branch of the Red Sea), near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, having the same boundaries as Suez governorate.
For other uses, see Tarentum (disambiguation). Taranto (early Italian: Tarento from Tarentum; Ancient Greek: Τάρᾱς Tarās; Modern Greek: Τάραντας Tarantas; Tarantino "Tarde") is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
The Tiber (Latin Tiberis, Italian Tevere) is the third-longest river in Italy, rising in the Apennine Mountains in Emilia-Romagna and flowing through Umbria and Lazio, where it is joined by the Aniene river, to the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Tiger I is the common name of a German heavy tank developed in 1942 and used in World War II.
Tobruk or Tubruq (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border with Egypt.
The Trasimene Line (so-named for Lake Trasimene, the site of a major battle of the Second Punic War in 217 BCE) was a German defensive line during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
Treviso (Venetian: Trevixo) is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy.
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.
The Union Defence Force (UDF) was the military force of the Union of South Africa from 1 July 1912, when the Defence Act (No 13 of 1912) took effect, two years after the creation of the Union of South Africa, until 1957 when it was reorganised and renamed the South African Defence Force.
United States Army Europe (USAREUR) is an Army Service Component Command of the United States Army.
The United States Army North is a formation of the United States Army Service Component Command of United States Northern Command.
This is a list of known United States Engineer Regiments in existence at the time of World War II.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment is a mechanised infantry regiment of the South African Army.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
The X Corps was a corps-size formation of the British Army that served in the First World War on the Western Front and was later re-formed in 1942 in the Second World War during the North African Campaign, later serving in the Italian Campaign where it came under command of both the U.S. Fifth Army and the British Eighth Army.
XIII Corps was a British infantry corps during the First and Second World Wars.
The XXII Tactical Air Command is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 13th Frontier Force Rifles was part of the British Indian Army, and after 1947, Pakistan Army.
The 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS was a Panzergrenadier formation of the Waffen-SS during World War II.
The 1st Armored Division—nicknamed "Old Ironsides"—is a division of the United States Army, part of III Corps, with its base of operations in Fort Bliss, Texas.
The South African 1st Infantry Division was an infantry division of the army of the Union of South Africa.
The 24th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army from the First World War, serving through the Second World War, until 1999 when it was merged with the 5th Airborne Brigade to form 16 Air Assault Brigade.
The South African 2nd Infantry Division was an infantry division of the army of the Union of South Africa during World War II.
The 2nd New Zealand Division, initially the New Zealand Division, was a formation of the New Zealand Military Forces (New Zealand's army) during the Second World War.
The 33rd Infantry Division (German: 33. Infanteriedivision) was a German Army infantry division active in World War II.
The South African 3rd Infantry Division was an infantry division of the South African Army during World War II.
The 44th Infantry Division Cremona was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War.
The 4th Parachute Division, (or in German 4 Fallschirmjäger Division), was a divisional-sized formation in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 6th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, created on 12 September 1940 during World War II.
The 8th Indian Infantry Division is a division of the Indian Army which specialises in tactics and operations in mountainous territory.
The 8th Mountain Division (8.) was formed on 27 February 1945 by the redesignation of the 157th Mountain Division, which itself had been formed from the 157th Infantry Division in September 1944, and which had participated in operations against the ''maquis'' of Vercors.