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6th century

The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era. [1]

230 relations: Agronomy, Ah Suytok Tutul Xiu, Ajaw, Alodia, Americas, Anastasius I Dicorus, Anglo-Saxons, Anno Domini, Appar, Aryabhata, Asuka period, Augustine of Canterbury, Austrian National Library, B'alam Nehn, Backgammon, Baekje, Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe, Battle of Camlann, Belisarius, Benedict of Nursia, Beowulf, Beowulf (hero), Boethius, Bombyx mori, Book of Genesis, Borzūya, British Museum, Brittany, Bubonic plague, Buddhism, Byzantine Empire, Calakmul, Caledonia, Calendar, Cassiodorus, Cathedral, Catholicism, Central America, Central Asia, Chan Buddhism, Chaturanga, Chess, Chinese characters, Chinese language, Christianity, Classical antiquity, Clovis I, Columba, Columbanus, Common Era, ..., Constantinople, Copán, Dayi Daoxin, Dazu Huike, Dionysius Exiguus, East Asian Mādhyamaka, Egypt, Elephanta Caves, Emperor, Emperor Gaozu of Tang, Emperor of China, Emperor Wen of Sui, Empress Suiko, Extreme weather events of 535–536, Famine, Filioque, Franks, Göktürks, Getica, Glendalough, Gregorian calendar, Gregory of Tours, Gundeshapur, Gupta, Gupta Empire, Haniwa, Hippodrome of Constantinople, History of China, Hormizd IV, Hrothgar, Huna people, India, Iona, Iran, Ireland, Islam, Italy, Japan, Jataka tales, Jesus, Jizang, Jnanagupta, Jordanes, Julian calendar, Justin I, Justinian I, K'ak' Chan Yopaat, Karaikkal Ammaiyar, Kevin of Glendalough, Khagan, Khosrow I, King Arthur, King of the Geats, Kingdom of Funan, Kingdom of Makuria, Kingdom of the Suebi, Kofun period, Kyoto, Leander of Seville, Legend, List of Byzantine emperors, List of Danish monarchs, List of Frankish kings, Lombards, London, Maharashtra, Maurice (emperor), Maya civilization, Medicine, Middle Ages, Monastery, Monte Cassino, Muhammad, Mundus (general), Muqan Qaghan, Nepal, Nicene Creed, Nika riots, Nobatia, North India, Northern Hemisphere, Ostrogoths, Palestine (region), Pandemic, Persian language, Persian people, Plague of Justinian, Pope Gregory I, Pope Pelagius II, Prince Shōtoku, Procopius, Qimin Yaoshu, Reccared I, Rome, Rouran Khaganate, Saint Catherine's Monastery, Sak-Lu, Sanskrit, Sasanian Empire, Scotland, Scroll Serpent, Scythians, Second Council of Constantinople, Sengcan, Shah, Shatranj, Shilpa Shastras, Silk, Slavs, Sogdia, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Sui dynasty, Syria, Taliesin, Tang dynasty, Technology, Teotihuacan, Third Council of Toledo, Three Kingdoms of Korea, Three-Chapter Controversy, Toilet paper, Turkic Khaganate, Tuun K'ab' Hix, Types of volcanic eruptions, Tzi-B'alam, Uxmal, Vandals, Venantius Fortunatus, Vienna, Vietnam, Visigoths, Wales, Weather, Western Roman Empire, Wicklow, Wil Ohl K'inich, Yax Yopaat, Zen, Zoroastrianism, 500, 501, 502, 518, 522, 524, 525, 527, 529, 532, 535, 537, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 550, 552, 553, 554, 561, 563, 566, 568, 569, 570, 574, 579, 582, 585, 587, 588, 589, 590, 592, 595, 600, 602, 604. Expand index (180 more) »

Agronomy

Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fiber, and land reclamation.

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Ah Suytok Tutul Xiu

Ah Suytok Tutul Xiu or Ah Zuytok Tutul Xiu was the spiritual leader of the Maya Tutul Xiu people.

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Ajaw

Ajaw or Ahau (pronounced IPA-esp and written "ajaaw") ('Lord') has two significations in the pre-Columbian Maya civilization.

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Alodia

Alodia or Alwa was the southernmost of the three kingdoms of Christian Nubia; the other two were Nobatia and Makuria to the north.

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Americas

The Americas, or America,"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language (ISBN 0-19-214183-X).

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Anastasius I Dicorus

Anastasius I (Flavius Anastasius Dicorus Augustus, Ἀναστάσιος; c. 431 – 9 July 518) was Byzantine Emperor from 491 to 518.

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Anglo-Saxons

The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Appar

Appar Tirunavukkarasar Nayanar (திருநாவுக்கரசர் "King of the Tongue, Lord of Language"), also known as Appar "Father", was a seventh-century Śaiva Tamil poet-saint, one of the most prominent of the sixty-three Nayanars.

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Aryabhata

Aryabhata (आर्यभट; IAST) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy.

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Asuka period

The was a period in the history of Japan lasting from 538 to 710 (or 592-645), although its beginning could be said to overlap with the preceding Kofun period.

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Augustine of Canterbury

Augustine of Canterbury (first third of the 6th century – probably 26 May 604) was a Benedictine monk who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597.

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Austrian National Library

The Austrian National Library ('Österreichische Nationalbibliothek', abbreviated ÖNB) is the largest library in Austria, with 7.4 million items in its various collections.

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B'alam Nehn

B'alam Nahn was the seventh ruler of Copan after the reformation initiated by K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo'.

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Backgammon

Backgammon is one of the oldest board games for two players.

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Baekje

Baekje or Paekche (18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea.

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Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe

The Basilica of Sant' Apollinare in Classe is an important monument of Byzantine art near Ravenna, Italy.

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Battle of Camlann

The Battle of Camlann (Cad Camlan or Brwydr Camlan) is reputed to have been the final battle of King Arthur, in which he either died or was fatally wounded fighting his enemy Mordred (who was, in some later versions of the tale, his son or his nephew).

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Belisarius

Flavius Belisarius (Βελισάριος, c. 505 – 565 AD) was a general of the Byzantine Empire.

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Benedict of Nursia

Benedict of Nursia (San Benedetto da Norcia) (c. 480 – 543 or 547) is a Christian saint, honoured by the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church as the patron saint of Europe and students.

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Beowulf

Beowulf (in Old English) is an Old English epic poem consisting of 3182 alliterative long lines.

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Beowulf (hero)

Beowulf (Old English) is a legendary Geatish hero and later turned king in the epic poem named after him, one of the oldest surviving pieces of literature in the English language.

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Boethius

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius,Hodgkin, Thomas.

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Bombyx mori

The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar of the domesticated silkmoth, Bombyx mori (Latin: "silkworm of the mulberry tree").

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Book of Genesis

The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek γένεσις, meaning "origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, Bərēšīṯ, "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Christian Old Testament.

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Borzūya

Borzuya (or Burzōē or Burzōy) was a Persian physician in the late Sassanid era, at the time of Khosrau I. He translated the Indian Panchatantra from Sanskrit into Pahlavi (Middle Persian).

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British Museum

The British Museum is a museum dedicated to human history, art, and culture, located in the Bloomsbury area of London.

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the north-west of France.

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Bubonic plague

Bubonic plague is one of three types of bacterial infection caused by Yersinia pestis.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

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Calakmul

Calakmul (also Kalakmul and other less frequent variants) is a Maya archaeological site in the Mexican state of Campeche, deep in the jungles of the greater Petén Basin region.

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Caledonia

Caledonia is the Latin name given by the Romans to the land in today's Scotland north of their province of Britannia, beyond the frontier of their empire.

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Calendar

A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes.

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Cassiodorus

Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator (c. 485 – c. 585), commonly known as Cassiodorus, was a Roman statesman and writer, serving in the administration of Theoderic the Great, king of the Ostrogoths.

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Cathedral

A cathedral (French: cathédrale from Latin: cathedra, "seat" from the Greek kathedra (καθέδρα), seat, bench, from kata "down" + hedra seat, base, chair) is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, or episcopate.

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Catholicism

Catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, katholikismos, "universal doctrine") and its adjectival form Catholic are used as broad terms for describing specific traditions in the Christian churches in theology, doctrine, liturgy, ethics, and spirituality.

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Central America

Central America (América Central, Centroamérica or América del Centro) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast.

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Central Asia

Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

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Chan Buddhism

Chan (of), from Sanskrit dhyāna, meaning "meditation" or "meditative state") is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism developed in China from the 6th century CE onwards, becoming dominant during the Tang and Song dynasties. After the Yuan, Chan more or less fused with Pure Land Buddhism. Chan spread south to Vietnam as Thiền and east to Korea as Seon, and, in the 13th century, to Japan, where it became known as Zen.

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Chaturanga

Chaturanga (चतुरङ्ग), catur, is an ancient Indian strategy game which is the common ancestor of the board games chess, shogi, makruk, xiangqi and janggi.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms used in the writing of Chinese and some other Asian languages.

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Chinese language

Chinese (汉语 / 漢語; Hànyǔ or 中文; Zhōngwén) is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Classical antiquity

Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.

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Clovis I

Clovis (Latin: Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlodowig; c. 466 – c. 511) was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs.

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Columba

Saint Columba (Colm Cille, 'church dove'; 7 December 521 – 9 June 597) was an Irish abbot and missionary credited with spreading Christianity in what is today Scotland at the start of the Hiberno-Scottish mission.

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Columbanus

Columbanus (Columbán, 543 – 21 November 615) was an Irish missionary notable for founding a number of monasteries on the European continent from around 590 in the Frankish and Lombard kingdoms, most notably Luxeuil Abbey in present-day France and Bobbio Abbey in present-day Italy.

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Common Era

Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).

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Constantinople

Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.

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Copán

Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala.

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Dayi Daoxin

Dayi Daoxin (Chinese: 道信, Wade–Giles: Tao-hsin) (Japanese: Dōshin) (580–651) was the fourth Chán Buddhist Patriarch, following Jianzhi Sengcan 僧璨 (died 606) (Wade–Giles: Chien-chih Seng-ts'an; Japanese: Kanchi Sosan) and preceding Hongren Chinese: 弘忍) (601–674). The earliest mention of Daoxin is in the Hsü kao-seng chuan (Further Biographies of Eminent Monks (645) (Pin-yin, Xu gao-seng zhuan; Japanese, Zoku kosoden) by Tao-hsuan (d. 667)) A later source, the Ch'üan fa pao chi (Annals of the Transmission of the Dharma-treasure), written around 712, gives further details of Daoxin's life. As with many of the very earliest Chan masters, the accuracy of the historical record is questionable and in some cases, contradictory in details. The following biography is the traditional story of Daoxin, culled from various sources, including the Wudeng Huiyuan (Compendium of Five Lamps), compiled in the early thirteenth century by the monk Dachuan Lingyin Puji (1179–1253).

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Dazu Huike

Dazu Huike (487–593) (Hànyǔ Pīnyīn: Dàzǔ Huìkě; Wade–Giles: Hui-k’o; Japanese: Taiso Eka) is considered the Second Patriarch of Chinese Chán and the twenty-ninth since Gautama Buddha.

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Dionysius Exiguus

Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Small, Dennis the Dwarf, Dennis the Little or Dennis the Short, meaning humble) (–) was a 6th-century monk born in Scythia Minor (probably modern Dobruja, which is in Romania and Bulgaria).

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East Asian Mādhyamaka

East Asian Mādhyamaka refers to the Buddhist traditions in East Asia which represent the Indian Mādhyamaka system of thought.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Elephanta Caves

The Elephanta Caves (natively known as Gharapurichi Leni) are a network of sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally "the city of caves") in Mumbai Harbour, to the east of the city of Mumbai in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Emperor

An emperor (through Old French empereor from imperator) is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.

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Emperor Gaozu of Tang

Emperor Gaozu of Tang (566 – 25 June 635), born Li Yuan (李淵), courtesy name Shude (叔德), was the founder of the Tang Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 618 to 626.

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Emperor of China

The Emperor of China was the title of any sovereign of Imperial China reigning between the founding of the Qin dynasty that unified China in 221 BC, until the abdication of Puyi in 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of China.

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Emperor Wen of Sui

Emperor Wen of Sui (隋文帝; 21 July 541 – 13 August 604), personal name Yang Jian (楊堅), Xianbei name Puliuru Jian (普六茹堅), nickname Naluoyan (那羅延), was the founder and first emperor of China's Sui Dynasty (581–618 AD).

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Empress Suiko

(554 – 15 April 628) was the 33rd monarch of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.

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Extreme weather events of 535–536

The extreme weather events of 535–536 were the most severe and protracted short-term episodes of cooling in the Northern Hemisphere in the last 2,000 years.

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Famine

A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including crop failure, population unbalance, or government policies.

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Filioque

Filioque, Latin for "and (from) the Son", is a phrase included in some later forms of the Nicene Creed but not others, not appearing in the original version.

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Franks

The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) are historically first known as a group of Germanic tribes that roamed the land between the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, and second as the people of Gaul who merged with the Gallo-Roman populations during succeeding centuries, passing on their name to modern-day France and becoming part of the heritage of the modern day French people.

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Göktürks

The Türks or the Kök Türks (Old Turkic:, Khotanese Saka Ttūrka, Ttrūka, Old Tibetan Drugu) and sometimes as its Anatolian Turkish form Göktürks (Celestial or Blue Turks), were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples in medieval Inner Asia.

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Getica

De origine actibusque Getarum ("The Origin and Deeds of the Getae/Goths"), or the Getica,Jordanes, The Origin and Deeds of the Goths, translated by C. Mierow written in Late Latin by Jordanes (or Jornandes) in or shortly after 551, claims to be a summary of a voluminous account by Cassiodorus of the origin and history of the Gothic people, which is now lost.

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Glendalough

Glendalough is a glacial valley in County Wicklow, Ireland, renowned for an Early Medieval monastic settlement founded in the 6th century by St Kevin.

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Gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar, also called the Western calendar and the Christian calendar, is internationally the most widely used civil calendar.

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Gregory of Tours

Saint Gregory of Tours (30 November c. 538 – 17 November 594) was a Gallo-Roman historian and Bishop of Tours, which made him a leading prelate of Gaul.

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Gundeshapur

Gondēshāpūr was the intellectual center of the Sassanid empire and the home of the Academy of Gundishapur.

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Gupta

Gupta (Devanagari: गुप्ता) is a common surname of Indian origin.

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Gupta Empire

The Gupta Empire (गुप्तसाम्राज्य) was an ancient Indian empire, founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent.

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Haniwa

The are terracotta clay figures which were made for ritual use and buried with the dead as funerary objects during the Kofun period (3rd to 6th centuries AD) of the history of Japan.

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Hippodrome of Constantinople

The Hippodrome of Constantinople (Sultanahmet Meydanı, or Atmeydanı) was a circus that was the sporting and social centre of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.

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History of China

Written records of the history of China can be found from as early as 1200 BC under the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC).

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Hormizd IV

Hormizd IV (𐭠𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭬𐭦𐭣; New Persian: هرمز چهارم), was king of the Sasanian Empire from 579 to 590.

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Hrothgar

Hrothgar (Hroðgar; Hróarr) was a legendary Danish king living in the early 6th century.

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Huna people

The Hunas were Iranian-speaking Xionite tribes who, via Khyber Pass, entered India at the end of the 5th or early 6th century and were defeated by the Indian Gupta Empire and the Indian king Yasodharman.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Iona

Iona (Ì Chaluim Chille) is a small island in the Inner Hebrides off the Ross of Mull on the western coast of Scotland.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

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Islam

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Japan

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Jataka tales

The Jātaka tales are a voluminous body of literature native to India concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha.

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Jesus

Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.

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Jizang

Jizang (. Japanese) (549–623) was a Chinese Buddhist monk and scholar who is often regarded as the founder of East Asian Mādhyamaka.

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Jnanagupta

Jñānagupta (Sanskrit: ज्ञानगुप्त) was Buddhist monk from Gandhara in modern-day Pakistan who travelled to China and was recognised by Emperor Wen of the Sui Dynasty.

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Jordanes

Jordanes, also written Jordanis or, uncommonly, Jornandes, was a 6th-century Roman bureaucrat, who turned his hand to history later in life.

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Julian calendar

The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.

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Justin I

Justin I (Flavius Iustinus Augustus, Ἰουστίνος; 2 February 450 – 1 August 527) was Byzantine Emperor from 518 to 527.

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Justinian I

Justinian I (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus, Φλάβιος Πέτρος Σαββάτιος Ἰουστινιανός Flávios Pétros Sabbátios Ioustinianós) (482 14 November 565), traditionally known as Justinian the Great and also Saint Justinian the Great in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was a Byzantine (East Roman) emperor from 527 to 565.

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K'ak' Chan Yopaat

K'ak' Chan Yopaat was the eleventh dynastic ruler at Copán.

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Karaikkal Ammaiyar

Karaikal Ammaiyar (Tamil: காரைக்கால் அம்மையார், which means "the revered mother from Karaikkal"), one of the three women amongst the sixty three Nayanmars, is one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature.

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Kevin of Glendalough

Saint Cóemgen (Caoimhín; Coemgenus), popularly Anglicized to Kevin (498 – 3 June 618) is an Irish saint who was known as the founder and first abbot of Glendalough in County Wicklow, Ireland.

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Khagan

Kha Khan or Khagan or Qagan (хаан, Khaan) is a title in the Mongolian language equal to the status of emperor and used to refer to someone who rules a khaganate or empire.

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Khosrow I

Khosrow I (also known as Chosroes I and Kasra in classical sources; 501–579, most commonly known in Persian as Anushiruwān "the immortal soul"; Persian: انوشيروان).

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King Arthur

King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th to early 6th century A.D. The details of Arthur's story are mainly composed of folklore and literary invention, and his historical existence is debated and disputed by modern historians.

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King of the Geats

Geatish kings (Rex Getarum/Gothorum), ruling over the provinces of Götaland (Gautland/Geatland), appears in several sources for early Swedish history.

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Kingdom of Funan

Kingdom of Funan (អាណាចក្រហ្វូណន) was the name given by the Chinese to an ancient kingdom located in southern Southeast Asia centered on the Mekong Delta that existed from the first to sixth century CE.

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Kingdom of Makuria

The Kingdom of Makuria (Old Nubian: Ⲙⲁⲕⲟⲩⲣⲓⲁ, Makouria; مقرة, al-Muqurra) was a kingdom located in what is today Northern Sudan and Southern Egypt.

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Kingdom of the Suebi

The Kingdom of the Suebi, also called the Kingdom of Gallaecia, was a Germanic post-Roman kingdom, one of the first ones to separate from the Roman Empire.

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Kofun period

The is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538.

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Kyoto

, formerly known as Meaco, is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan.

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Leander of Seville

Saint Leander of Seville (San Leandro de Sevilla) (Cartagena, c. 534–Seville, 13 March 600 or 601), brother of the encyclopedist St. Isidore of Seville, was the Catholic Bishop of Seville who was instrumental in effecting the conversion to Catholicism of the Visigothic kings Hermengild and Reccared of Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula, comprising both modern Spain and Portugal).

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Legend

A legend (Latin, legenda, "things to be read") is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude.

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List of Byzantine emperors

This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.

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List of Danish monarchs

This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and Queens regnant of Denmark.

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List of Frankish kings

The Franks were originally led by dukes (military leaders) and reguli (petty kings).

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Lombards

The Lombards or Langobards (Langobardī, Italian Longobardi), were a Germanic tribe who ruled Italy from 568 to 774.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Maharashtra

Maharashtra (Marathi pronunciation:, abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is the nation's third largest state and also the world's second-most populous sub-national entity.

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Maurice (emperor)

Maurice (Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus) (539 – 27 November 602) was Byzantine Emperor from 582 to 602.

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Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for the Maya hieroglyphic script, the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.

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Medicine

Medicine (British English; American English) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Middle Ages

In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Monastery

A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, whether monks or nuns, and whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

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Monte Cassino

Monte Cassino (sometimes written Montecassino) is a rocky hill about southeast of Rome, Italy, to the west of the town of Cassino and altitude.

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Muhammad

Muhammadfull name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (محمد; – 8 June 632 CEElizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition. Many earlier (mainly non-Islamic) traditions refer to him as still alive at the time of the invasion of Palestine. See Stephen J. Shoemaker,The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad's Life and the Beginnings of Islam, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.) is generally regarded by non-Muslims to have been the founder of Islam, and almost universallyThe Ahmadiyya Muslim Community considers Muhammad to be the "Seal of the Prophets" (Khātam an-Nabiyyīn) and the last law-bearing Prophet but not the last Prophet.

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Mundus (general)

Mundus (Μοῦνδος; died 536) was an Germanic general of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Justinian I.

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Muqan Qaghan

Muqan Qaghan; (Old Turkic:, Muqan qaγan, Chinese:木桿可汗/木杆可汗, Pinyin: mùgǎn kěhàn, Wade-Giles: mu-kan k'o-han or 木汗可汗, mùhàn kěhàn, mu-han k'o-han, personal name: 阿史那燕都, āshǐnà yàndōu, a-shih-na yen-to) was the second son of Bumin Qaghan and the third khagan of the Göktürks who expanded their khagan and secured the borders against the Hephthalites.

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Nepal

Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located in South Asia.

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Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed (Greek: or, Latin: Symbolum Nicaenum) is a profession of faith widely used in Christian liturgy.

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Nika riots

The Nika riots (Στάσις τοῦ Νίκα Stásis toû Níka), or Nika revolt, took place over the course of a week in Constantinople in AD 532.

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Nobatia

Nobatia or Nobadia (Greek: Νοβαδἰα, Nobadia; Old Nubian: Ⲛⲟⲩⲃⲁⲇⲓⲁ, Noubadia) was an ancient African Christian kingdom in Lower Nubia and subsequently a region of the larger Nubian Kingdom of Makuria.

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North India

North India (उत्तर भारत, ਉੱਤਰ ਭਾਰਤ, شمالي هندستان) is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

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Northern Hemisphere

The Northern Hemisphere of Earth is the half that is north of the equator.

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Ostrogoths

The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi or Austrogothi) were a branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).

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Palestine (region)

Palestine (فلسطين.,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.

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Pandemic

A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.

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Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi or Parsi (English:; Persian: فارسی), is the predominant modern descendant of Old Persian, a southwestern Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Persian people

The Persian people (Persian: پارسیان) are an Iranian people who speak the modern Persian language and closely related Iranian dialects and languages.

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Plague of Justinian

The Plague of Justinian (541–542) was a pandemic that afflicted the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire), especially its capital Constantinople, the Sassanid Empire, and port cities around the entire Mediterranean Sea.

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Pope Gregory I

Pope Gregory I (Gregorius I; c. 540 – 12 March 604), commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great, Gregory had come to be known as 'the Great' by the late ninth century, a title which is still applied to him.

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Pope Pelagius II

Pope Pelagius II (520 – 7 February 590) was Pope from 26 November 579 to his death in 590.

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Prince Shōtoku

, also known as or, was a semi-legendary regent and a politician of the Asuka period in Japan who served under Empress Suiko.

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Procopius

Procopius of Caesarea (Προκόπιος ὁ Καισαρεύς, Procopius Caesarensis; c. AD 500 – c. AD 560) was a prominent late antique scholar from Palaestina Prima.

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Qimin Yaoshu

Qímín Yàoshù ()is the most completely preserved of the ancient Chinese agricultural texts, and was written by the Northern Wei Dynasty official Jia Sixie. The book is believed to have been completed in the second year of Wu Ding of Eastern Wei, 544 C.E., while another account gives the completion between 533 and 544 C.E. The text of the book is divided into ten volumes and 92 chapters, and records 1500-year-old Chinese agronomy, horticulture, afforestation, sericulture, animal husbandry, veterinary medicine, breeding, brewing, cooking, storage, as well as remedies for barren land. The book quoted nearly 200 ancient sources including the Yiwu Zhi. Important agricultural books such as Fàn shèng zhī shū (氾勝之書) and Sì mín yuè mìng (四民月令) from the Hàn and Jìn Dynasties are now lost, so future generations can only understand the operation of agriculture at the time from this book. Since the publication of the book, historical Chinese governments have long attached great importance to it. Since the book spread overseas it has also often been considered a classic text to study changes in species. When Charles Darwin was researching the theory of evolution he made reference to an "Encyclopedia of Ancient China". It is said that the book he referenced was in fact Qí mín yào shù. The book's name "Qí mín yào shù" can be explained as "techniques by which common people make their livelihood", but can also be explained as "techniques to harness the people's livelihood".

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Reccared I

Reccared (or Recared; Reccaredus; Recaredo) I (559–601) (reigned 586–601) was Visigothic King of Hispania, Septimania and Galicia.

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Rome

Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.

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Rouran Khaganate

The Rouran Khaganate, Ruru, or Tantan was the name of a state of Eurasian nomads, presumably proto-Mongols, from the late 4th century until the middle 6th century.

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Saint Catherine's Monastery

Saint Catherine's Monastery (Greek: Μονὴ τῆς Ἁγίας Αἰκατερίνης, Monì tìs Agìas Ekaterìnis, Arabic: دير القدّيسة كاترينا) commonly known as Santa Katarina, its official name being Sacred Monastery of the God-Trodden Mount Sinai (Greek: Ιερά Μονή του Θεοβαδίστου Όρους Σινά, Ierà Monì tou Theovadìstou Òrous Sinà), lies on the Sinai Peninsula, at the mouth of a gorge at the foot of Mount Sinai, in the city of Saint Catherine in Egypt's South Sinai Governorate.

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Sak-Lu

Sak-Lu was the ninth ruler of the Maya city state Copán.

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Sanskrit

Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.

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Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian Empire (or; also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian language, was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 AD to 651 AD.

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Scotland

Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scroll Serpent

Scroll Serpent (Uneh Chan) was a Maya ruler of the Kaan kingdom.

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Scythians

The Scythians (or; from Greek Σκύθης, Σκύθοι), also known as Scyth, Saka, Sakae, Sacae, Sai, Iskuzai, or Askuzai, were a large group of probably mainly Iranian-speaking "All contemporary historians, archeologists and linguists are agreed that since the Scythian and Sarmatian tribes were of the Iranian linguistic group..." Eurasian nomads who were mentioned by the literate peoples surrounding them as inhabiting large areas in the central Eurasian steppes from about the 9th century BC until about the 1st century BC.

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Second Council of Constantinople

The Second Council of Constantinople is the fifth of the first seven ecumenical councils recognized as such by both West and East.

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Sengcan

Jianzhi Sengcan (Hànyǔ Pīnyīn: Jiànzhì Sēngcàn; Wade–Giles: Chien-chih Seng-ts'an; Japanese: Kanchi Sōsan, died 606) is known as the Third Chinese Patriarch of Chán after Bodhidharma and thirtieth Patriarch after Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha.

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Shah

Shah (Šâh) (شاه,, "king") is a title given to the emperors/kings and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).

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Shatranj

Shatranj (Arabic شطرنج, from Middle Persian chatrang چترنگ), is an old form of chess, which came to the Western world by the Persians and later Greeks, and ultimately from India via the Persian Empire.

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Shilpa Shastras

Shilpa Shastras (Sanskrit: शिल्प शास्त्र) literally means the Science of Śilpa (arts and crafts).

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Silk

Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Slavs

The Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group living in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia, who speak the Indo-European Slavic languages, and share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits and historical backgrounds.

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Sogdia

Sogdiana or Sogdia (Suguda-) was the ancient civilization of an Iranian people and a province of the Achaemenid Empire, eighteenth in the list on the Behistun Inscription of Darius the Great (i. 16).

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Southern and Northern Dynasties

The Southern and Northern Dynasties was a period in the history of China that lasted from 420 to 589.

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Sui dynasty

The Sui dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China. Preceded by the Southern and Northern Dynasties, it unified China for the first time after over a century of north-south division. It was followed by the Tang dynasty. Founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the Sui dynasty capital was Chang'an (which was renamed Daxing, 581–605) and the later at Luoyang (605–614). Emperors Wen and Yang undertook various centralized reforms including the equal-field system, intended to reduce economic inequality and improve agricultural productivity; the institution of the Three Departments and Six Ministries system; and the standardization and re-unification of the coinage. They also spread and encouraged Buddhism throughout the empire and undertook monumental construction projects including expanding the Great Wall and digging the Grand Canal. After its costly and disastrous military campaigns against the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo ended in defeat by 614, the dynasty disintegrated under a series of popular revolts culminating in the assassination of Emperor Yang by his ministers in 618. The dynasty's short duration—only thirty seven years—is often attributed to its heavy demands on its subjects, including taxation and the compulsory labor demanded by its ambitious construction projects. The dynasty is often compared to the earlier Qin dynasty, which also undertook wide-ranging reforms and construction projects yet lasted only a few decades.

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Syria

Syria (سوريا or سورية, Sūriyā or Sūrīyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia.

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Taliesin

Taliesin (6th century; was an early Brythonic poet of Sub-Roman Britain whose work has possibly survived in a Middle Welsh manuscript, the Book of Taliesin. Taliesin was a renowned bard who is believed to have sung at the courts of at least three Brythonic kings. Eleven of the preserved poems have been dated to as early as the 6th century, and were ascribed to the historical Taliesin. The bulk of this work praises King Urien of Rheged and his son Owain mab Urien, although several of the poems indicate that he also served as the court bard to King Brochfael Ysgithrog of Powys and his successor Cynan Garwyn, either before or during his time at Urien's court. Some of the events to which the poems refer, such as the Battle of Arfderydd (c. 583), are referred to in other sources. His name, spelled as Taliessin in Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King and in some subsequent works, means "shining brow" in Middle Welsh. In legend and medieval Welsh poetry, he is often referred to as Taliesin Ben Beirdd ("Taliesin, Chief of Bards" or chief of poets). He is mentioned as one of the five British poets of renown, along with Talhaearn Tad Awen ("Talhaearn Father of the Muse"), Aneirin, Blwchfardd, and Cian Gwenith Gwawd ("Cian Wheat of Song"), in the Historia Brittonum, and is also mentioned in the collection of poems known as Y Gododdin. Taliesin was highly regarded in the mid-12th century as the supposed author of a great number of romantic legends.Griffin (1887) According to legend Taliesin was adopted as a child by Elffin, the son of Gwyddno Garanhir, and prophesied the death of Maelgwn Gwynedd from the Yellow Plague. In later stories he became a mythic hero, companion of Bran the Blessed and King Arthur. His legendary biography is found in several late renderings (see below), the earliest surviving narrative being found in a manuscript chronicle of world history written by Elis Gruffydd in the 16th century.

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Technology

Technology (from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation.

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Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan, also written Teotihuacán (Spanish), was an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.

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Third Council of Toledo

The Third Council of Toledo (589) marks the entry of Visigothic Spain into the Catholic Church, and the introduction of the filioque clause into Western Christianity.

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Three Kingdoms of Korea

The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (百濟), Silla (新羅) and Goguryeo (高句麗).

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Three-Chapter Controversy

The Three-Chapter Controversy, a phase in the Chalcedonian controversy, was an attempt to reconcile the Non-Chalcedonian Christians of Syria (Syriac Orthodox Church) and Egypt (Coptic Orthodox Church) with the Great Church, following the failure of the Henotikon.

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Toilet paper

Toilet paper is a tissue paper product primarily used for cleaning the anus and surrounding area of fecal material after defecation.

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Turkic Khaganate

The Turkic Khanate (552-744; Old Turkic: Türk xanlïqï) or Göktürk Khanate was a khanate established by the Ashina clan of the Göktürks in medieval Inner Asia.

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Tuun K'ab' Hix

Tuun Kʻabʻ Hix (Cu Ix, Ku Ix, Kʻaltuun Hix; "Bound-Stone Jaguar") was a Maya king of the Kaan Kingdom.

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Types of volcanic eruptions

Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure—have been distinguished by volcanologists.

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Tzi-B'alam

Tzi-B'alam was the tenth ruler of Copan.

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Uxmal

Uxmal (Yucatec Maya: Óoxmáal) is an ancient Maya city of the classical period in present-day Mexico.

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Vandals

The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe, or group of tribes, who were first heard of in southern Poland, but later moved around Europe establishing kingdoms in Spain and later North Africa in the 5th century.

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Venantius Fortunatus

Venantius Honorius Clementianus Fortunatus (c.530–c.600/609) was a Latin poet and hymnodist in the Merovingian Court, and a Bishop of the early Catholic Church.

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Vienna

Vienna (Wien) is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Visigoths

The Visigoths (UK:; US:, Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, or Wisi) were branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.

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Weather

Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.

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Western Roman Empire

In historiography, the Western Roman Empire consists of the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with (or only nominally subordinate to) that administering the eastern half.

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Wicklow

Wicklow is the county town of County Wicklow and the capital of the Mid-East Region in Ireland.

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Wil Ohl K'inich

Wil Ohl K'inich was the eighth ruler of the Maya city state Copan.

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Yax Yopaat

Yax Yopaat was a Maya king of the Kaan kingdom (Calakmul) who ruled AD 572-579.

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Zen

Zen (Middle Chinese) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chán. It was strongly influenced by Taoism, and developed as a distinguished Chinese style of Buddhism. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam, northeast to Korea and east to Japan, where it became known as Japanese Zen. Zen emphasizes rigorous meditation-practice, insight into Buddha-nature, and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others. As such, it deemphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher. The teachings of Zen include various sources of Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogācāra, the Tathāgatagarbha Sutras and Huayan, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature and, to a lesser extent, Madhyamaka have also been influential in the shaping of the "paradoxical language" of the Zen-tradition.

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Zoroastrianism

Zoroastrianism or Mazdaism is the religion ascribed to the teachings of the prophet Zoroaster, whose Supreme Being was Ahura Mazda.

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500

Year 500 (D) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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501

Year 501 (DI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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502

Year 502 (DII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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518

Year 518 (DXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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522

Year 522 (DXXII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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524

Year 524 (DXXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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525

Year 525 (DXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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527

Year 527 (DXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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529

Year 529 (DXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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532

Year 532 (DXXXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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535

Year 535 (DXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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537

Year 537 (DXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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540

Year 540 (DXL) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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541

Year 541 (DXLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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542

Year 542 (DXLII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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543

Year 543 (DXLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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544

Year 544 (DXLIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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545

Year 545 (DXLV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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550

Year 550 (DL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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552

Year 552 (DLII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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553

Year 553 (DLIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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554

Year 554 (DLIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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561

Year 561 (DLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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563

Year 563 (DLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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566

Year 566 (DLXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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568

Year 568 (DLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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569

Year 569 (DLXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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570

Year 570 (DLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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574

Year 574 (DLXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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579

Year 579 (DLXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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582

Year 582 (DLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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585

Year 585 (DLXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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587

Year 587 (DLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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588

Year 588 (DLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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589

Year 589 (DLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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590

Year 590 (DXC) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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592

Year 592 (DXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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595

Year 595 (DXCV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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600

Year 600 (DC) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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602

Year 602 (DCII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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604

Year 604 (DCIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6th_century

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