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7th century

The 7th century is the period from 601 to 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era. [1]

292 relations: Abu Bakr, Ajaw, Algeria, Ali, Alopen, Anglo-Saxons, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Anna of East Anglia, Antarah ibn Shaddad, Apostle (Christian), Appar, Arab conquest of Armenia, Arab–Byzantine wars, Arab–Khazar wars, Arabian Peninsula, Arabs, Asparukh of Bulgaria, Asuka period, Ælfflæd of Whitby, Æthelberht of Kent, Æthelburh of Faremoutiers, Æthelburh of Kent, Æthelfrith, Æthelthryth, Baekje, Balhae, Balkans, Banknote, Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe, Battle of al-Qādisiyyah, Battle of Baekgang, Battle of Chester, Battle of Karbala, Battle of Ongal, Berbers, Bertha of Kent, Brahmagupta, British Columbia, Buddhism, Bulgaria, Bulgarian Empire, Bulgarians, Bulgars, Byzantine Empire, Caliphate, Canada, Carthage, Cædmon, Cenn Fáelad mac Ailella, Central Asia, ..., Chan Buddhism, Chan Imix K'awiil, Chang'an, Chenla Kingdom, Chess, China, Church of the East, Common Era, Compass, Constantinople, Copán, Coptic period, Councils of Toledo, Croats, Cuthbert, Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa, De mirabilibus sacrae scripturae, Eanflæd, Early Lý dynasty, Eastern Turkic Khaganate, Egica, Egypt, Emperor Gaozong of Tang, Emperor Gaozu of Tang, Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor Tenji, English poetry, Ethiopia, First Fitna, Göktürks, Go of Balhae, Goguryeo, Goguryeo–Tang War, Greek fire, Guangzhou, Gupta Empire, Harsha, Hasan ibn Ali, Hōryū-ji, Heptarchy, Heraclius, Hereswith, Hijra (Islam), Hilda of Whitby, History of the Malay language, Huineng, Husayn ibn Ali, Iberian Peninsula, Ifriqiya, Ikaruga, Imamah (Shia doctrine), India, Iran, Isaac of Nineveh, Islam, Islamic calendar, Japan, Jerusalem, Jews, Julian calendar, Justinian II, K'inich Janaab' Pakal, Kabul, Kalingga Kingdom, Kedukan Bukit inscription, Khalid ibn al-Walid, Khan (title), Khosrow II, Kingdom of Funan, Kingdom of Kent, Korea, Korean Peninsula, Kota Kapur inscription, Kufa, Lake Chad, Later Silla, Latin, Leontia, Li Jing (general), Li Shiji, Library of Alexandria, List of Byzantine emperors, List of monarchs of Kent, Mahabalipuram, Maya civilization, Mecca, Medieval Greek, Medina, Melayu Kingdom, Merv, Mexico, Mexico City, Mosque, Mount Edziza volcanic complex, Muawiyah I, Muhammad, Museo Nacional de Antropología, Muslim, Muslim conquest of Egypt, Muslim conquest of Persia, Muslim conquest of the Levant, Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, Muslim conquests, Nara Prefecture, Narasimhavarman I, North India, North–South States Period, Palenque, Palestine (region), Pannonian Avars, Phocas, Pope, Pope Benjamin I of Alexandria, Pope Gregory I, Pope Sabinian, Port, Pulakeshin II, Quran, Rashidun Caliphate, Rædwald of East Anglia, Roman Senate, Roman–Persian Wars, Rome, Saint Asaph, Saint Boniface, Saiva, Sambandar, Samo, Sasanian Empire, Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas, Seaxburh of Ely, Second Fitna, Shah, Shailendra dynasty, Shatranj, Shinto, Ship burial, Shugendō, Siege of Constantinople (674–78), Sigeberht of East Anglia, Silla, Sindh, Slavery, Slavs, Smallpox, South-pointing chariot, Srivijaya, Stirrup, Strait of Malacca, Su Dingfang, Sui dynasty, Sumatra, Sunda Strait, Sutton Hoo, Talang Tuwo inscription, Tamil Nadu, Tang campaign against the Eastern Turks, Tang dynasty, Taoism, Tarumanagara, Telaga Batu inscription, Temple of the Inscriptions, Teotihuacan, Third Chinese domination of Vietnam, Timgad, True Cross, Tuyuhun, Umar, Umayyad Caliphate, University of Michigan, Unknown Archon, Uqba ibn Nafi, Uthman, Visigoths, Welsh people, Western Turkic Khaganate, Wihtburh, World population, Wu Zetian, Xuanzang, Xumi Pagoda, Yamato Province, Yazdegerd III, Yeon Gaesomun, Yijing (monk), Zhengding County, 540, 570, 592, 599, 600, 601, 602, 603, 604, 606, 607, 610, 615, 616, 618, 622, 623, 626, 627, 629, 630, 632, 635, 636, 638, 639, 641, 642, 649, 650, 651, 656, 657, 658, 661, 663, 664, 668, 670, 670s, 671, 674, 677, 679, 680, 681, 683, 685, 686, 687, 688, 690, 691, 694, 698, 700. Expand index (242 more) »

Abu Bakr

Abdullah ibn Abi Quhaafah (t), c. 573 CE – 23 August 634 CE, popularly known by his nickname Abu Bakr (أبو بكر),, from islam4theworld was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE, when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death., from Encyclopædia Britannica As caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad. He was also commonly known as The Truthful (الصديق Al-Siddiq).Juan Eduardo Campo, "Encyclopedia of Islam", Infobase Publishing, 2009 As a young man, Abu Bakr became a merchant and he travelled extensively in Arabia and neighboring lands in the Middle East, through which he gained both wealth and experience. He eventually came to be recognized as the chief of his clan.The Middle East Journal by the Middle East Institute, Washington, D.C., published 1991 On his return from a business trip to Yemen, he was informed that in his absence Muhammad had openly declared his prophethood. Not long after, Abu Bakr accepted Islam and was the first person outside the family of Muhammad to openly become a Muslim. He was instrumental in the conversion of many people to the Islamic faithShahid Ashraf, "Encyclopaedia of Holy Prophet and Companions", Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., 2004, ISBN 81-261-1940-3 and early in 623, Abu Bakr's daughter Aisha was married to Muhammad, strengthening the ties between the two men. Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor and was the father-in-law to Muhammad. During the lifetime of Muhammad, he was involved in several campaigns such as the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of the Trench, the Invasion of Banu Qurayza, Battle of Khaybar, the Conquest of Mecca, the Battle of Hunayn, the Siege of Ta'if and the Battle of Tabuk, where he was reported to have given all of his wealth for the preparation of this expedition.Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62 He also participated in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and was made one of the witnesses over the pact. Abu Bakr's Caliphate lasted for a little over two years (or 27 months), ending with his death after an illness. Though the period of his caliphate was not long, it included successful invasions of the two most powerful empires of the time, a remarkable achievement in its own right. He set in motion a historical trajectory that in a few decades would create one of the largest empires in history.

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Ajaw

Ajaw or Ahau (pronounced IPA-esp and written "ajaaw") ('Lord') has two significations in the pre-Columbian Maya civilization.

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Algeria

Algeria (الجزائر), officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.

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Ali

Ali ibn Abi Talib (t,; 13th Rajab, 22 or 16 BH – 21st Ramaḍān, 40 AH; September 20, 601 or July 17, 607 or 600 – January 27, 661) was the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, ruling over the Islamic Caliphate from 656 to 661.

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Alopen

Alopen (pinyin: Āluóběn) (also "Aleben", "Aluoben", "Olopen," "Olopan," or "Olopuen") is the first recorded Christian missionary to have reached China, during the Tang Dynasty.

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Anglo-Saxons

The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.

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Ann Arbor, Michigan

Ann Arbor is a city in the US state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County.

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Anna of East Anglia

Anna (or Onna; killed 653 or 654) was king of East Anglia from the early 640s until his death.

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Antarah ibn Shaddad

Antarah ibn Shaddad (عنترة بن شداد العبسي, ʿAntarah ibn Shaddād al-ʿAbsī; 525–608), also known as ʿAntar, was a pre-Islamic Arab soldier and poet, famous for both his poetry and his adventurous life.

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Apostle (Christian)

According to the Bible's New Testament, the Apostles were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.

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Appar

Appar Tirunavukkarasar Nayanar (திருநாவுக்கரசர் "King of the Tongue, Lord of Language"), also known as Appar "Father", was a seventh-century Śaiva Tamil poet-saint, one of the most prominent of the sixty-three Nayanars.

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Arab conquest of Armenia

The Arab conquest of Armenia was a part of the Muslim conquests after the death of Muhammad in 632 CE.

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Arab–Byzantine wars

The Arab–Byzantine wars were a series of wars between the mostly Arab Muslims and the East Roman or Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 11th centuries AD.

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Arab–Khazar wars

The Arab–Khazar wars were a series of conflicts fought between the armies of the Khazar Khaganate and the Umayyad Caliphate (as well as its Abbasid successor) and their respective vassals.

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Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula (شبه الجزيرة العربية or جزيرة العرب), also known as Arabia, is a peninsula of Western Asia situated north-east of Africa on the Arabian plate.

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Arabs

Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.

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Asparukh of Bulgaria

Asparukh (also Asparuh, Isperih or Ispor) (Аспарух, Asparuh or (rarely) Исперих, Isperih) was а ruler of Bulgars in the second half of the 7th century and is credited with the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 680/681.

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Asuka period

The was a period in the history of Japan lasting from 538 to 710 (or 592-645), although its beginning could be said to overlap with the preceding Kofun period.

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Ælfflæd of Whitby

Saint Ælfflæd (654–714) was the daughter of King Oswiu of Northumbria and Eanflæd.

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Æthelberht of Kent

Æthelberht (also Æthelbert, Aethelberht, Aethelbert, or Ethelbert) (560 – 24 February 616 AD) was King of Kent from about 558 or 560 (the earlier date according to Sprott, the latter according to William of Malmesbury Book 1.9) until his death.

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Æthelburh of Faremoutiers

Saint Æthelburg (died 7 July 664), known as Ethelburga, was an Anglo-Saxon princess, abbess and saint.

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Æthelburh of Kent

Æthelburh of Kent (born 605,Eckenstein, Lina. 1963. Woman under monasticism; chapters on saint-lore and convent life between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1500. New York: Russell & Russell. 84. sometimes spelled Æthelburg, Ethelburga, Æthelburga;, also known as Tate or Tata), was an early Anglo-Saxon queen consort of Northumbria, the second wife of King Edwin.

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Æthelfrith

Æthelfrith (died c. 616) was King of Bernicia from c. 593 until his death.

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Æthelthryth

Æthelthryth (or Æþelðryþe; about 636 – June 23, 679) is the name for the Anglo-Saxon saint known, particularly in a religious context, as Etheldreda or Audrey.

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Baekje

Baekje or Paekche (18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea.

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Balhae

Balhae or Bohai (698–926) was a mixed ethnic Goguryeo–Mohe kingdom established in northern Korean Peninsula and Northeast China after the fall of Goguryeo.

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Balkans

The Balkan Peninsula, popularly referred to as the Balkans, is a geographical region of Southeast Europe.

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Banknote

A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable instrument known as a promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.

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Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe

The Basilica of Sant' Apollinare in Classe is an important monument of Byzantine art near Ravenna, Italy.

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Battle of al-Qādisiyyah

The Battle of al-Qādisiyyah (معركة القادسيّة; transliteration, Ma'rakatu al-Qādisiyyah; نبرد قادسيه; alternative spellings: Qadisiyya, Qadisiyyah, Kadisiya), fought in 636, was the decisive engagement between the Arab Muslim army and the Sassanid Persian army during the first period of Muslim expansion.

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Battle of Baekgang

The Battle of Baekgang, also known as Battle of Baekgang-gu or by the Japanese name Battle of Hakusukinoe (白村江の戦い Hakusuki-no-e no Tatakai or Hakusonkō no Tatakai), was a battle between Baekje restoration forces and their ally, Yamato Japan, against the allied forces of Silla and the Tang Dynasty of ancient China.

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Battle of Chester

The Battle of Chester (Old Welsh: Guaith Caer Legion; Welsh: Brwydr Caer) was a major victory for the Anglo Saxons over the native Britons near the city of Chester, England in the early 7th century.

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Battle of Karbala

The Battle of Karbala took place on Muharram 10, in the year 61 AH of the Islamic calendar (October 10, 680 AD) in Karbala, situated in present-day Iraq.

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Battle of Ongal

The Battle of Ongal took place in the summer of 680 in the Ongal area, an unspecified location in around the Danube delta near the Peuce Island, present-day Tulcea County, Romania.

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Berbers

The Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ Imaziɣen/imazighen/, singular: ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ Amaziɣ/Amazigh) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa.

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Bertha of Kent

Saint Bertha or Saint Aldeberge (b. Estimated around c. 565 – d. in or after 601) was the queen of Kent whose influence led to the Christianization of Anglo-Saxon England.

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Brahmagupta

Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त) (598–c.670 CE) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer who wrote two works on mathematics and astronomy: the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta (Extensive Treatise of Brahma) (628), a theoretical treatise, and the Khaṇḍakhādyaka, a more practical text.

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British Columbia

British Columbia, also commonly referred to by its initials BC, is a province located on the west coast of Canada.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

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Bulgarian Empire

In the medieval history of Europe, Bulgaria's status as the Bulgarian Empire (Българско царство, Balgarsko tsarstvo), wherein it acted as a key regional power (particularly rivaling Byzantium in Southeastern Europe) occurred in two distinct periods: between the seventh and eleventh centuries, and again between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries.

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Bulgarians

The Bulgarians (българи) are a South Slavic people who speak Bulgarian and are native to Bulgaria and neighbouring regions.

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Bulgars

The Bulgars (also Bulghars, Bulgari, Bolgars, Bolghars, Bolgari; Proto-Bulgarians) were semi-nomadic warrior tribes of Turkic extraction who flourished in the Pontic-Caspian steppe and the Volga region during the 7th century.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

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Caliphate

A caliphate (خِلافة khilāfa) is a form of Islamic government led by a caliph (خَليفة)—a person considered a political and religious successor to the prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire Muslim community.

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Canada

Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Carthage

The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.

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Cædmon

Cædmon is the earliest English (Northumbrian) poet whose name is known.

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Cenn Fáelad mac Ailella

Cenn Fáelad mac Ailella (alias Cennfaeladh) (died 679) was an Irish scholar renowned for having his memory markedly improve and possibly becoming eidetic after suffering a head wound in battle.

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Central Asia

Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

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Chan Buddhism

Chan (of), from Sanskrit dhyāna, meaning "meditation" or "meditative state") is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism developed in China from the 6th century CE onwards, becoming dominant during the Tang and Song dynasties. After the Yuan, Chan more or less fused with Pure Land Buddhism. Chan spread south to Vietnam as Thiền and east to Korea as Seon, and, in the 13th century, to Japan, where it became known as Zen.

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Chan Imix K'awiil

Chan Imix K'awiil was the twelfth ruler of the Maya city state Copan.

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Chang'an

Chang'an is an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.

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Chenla Kingdom

Chenla (ចេនឡា; Chân Lạp) is the Chinese designation for Cambodia after the fall of Funan.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Church of the East

The Church of the East (ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ʿĒ(d)tāʾ d-Maḏn(ə)ḥāʾ), also known as the Nestorian Church, was a Christian church within the Syriac tradition of Eastern Christianity.

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Common Era

Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).

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Compass

A compass is an instrument used for navigation and orientation that shows direction relative to the geographic cardinal directions, or "points".

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Constantinople

Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.

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Copán

Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala.

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Coptic period

The "Coptic period" is an informal designation for Late Antiquity in Egypt, an era defined by the religious shifts in Egyptian culture to Coptic Christianity from Roman religion until the Muslim conquest of Egypt.

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Councils of Toledo

Councils of Toledo (Concilia toletana).

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Croats

Croats (Hrvati) are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.

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Cuthbert

Saint Cuthbert (c. 634 – 20 March 687) was a saint of the early Northumbrian church in the Celtic tradition.

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Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa

Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa was the first Maharaja of Srivijaya and thought to be the dynastic founder of Kadatuan Srivijaya.

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De mirabilibus sacrae scripturae

De mirabilibus sacrae scripturae (in English: On the miraculous things in sacred scripture) is a Latin treatise written around 655 by an anonymous Irish writer and philosopher known as Augustinus Hibernicus or the Irish Augustine.

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Eanflæd

Eanflæd (19 April 626 – after 685, also known as Enfleda) was a Kentish princess, queen of Northumbria and later, the abbess of an influential Christian monastery in Whitby, England.

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Early Lý dynasty

The Early or Anterior Lý Dynasty (nhà Tiền Lý) was a dynasty which ruled Vietnam from 544 to 602.

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Eastern Turkic Khaganate

The Eastern Turkic Khaganate (Chinese: 東突厥; pinyin: Dōng tūjué) was a Turkic khaganate formed as a result of the internecine wars in the beginning of the 7th century (593 – 603 AD) after the Göktürk Khaganate (founded in the 6th century in Mongolia by the Ashina clan) had splintered into two polities – Eastern and Western.

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Egica

Egica, Ergica, or Egicca (c. 610 – 701x703) was the Visigoth King of Hispania and Septimania from 687 until his death.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Emperor Gaozong of Tang

Emperor Gaozong of Tang (21 July 628 – 27 December 683), personal name Li Zhi (李治), was the third emperor of the Tang Dynasty in China, ruling from 649 to 683 (although after January 665 much of the governance was in the hands of his second wife Empress Wu (later known as Wu Zetian)).

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Emperor Gaozu of Tang

Emperor Gaozu of Tang (566 – 25 June 635), born Li Yuan (李淵), courtesy name Shude (叔德), was the founder of the Tang Dynasty of China, and the first emperor of this dynasty from 618 to 626.

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Emperor Taizong of Tang

Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty (28January 598 10July 649), personal name Li Shimin, was the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China, ruling from 626 to 649.

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Emperor Tenji

, also known as Emperor Tenchi, was the 38th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.

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English poetry

This article focuses on poetry written in English from the United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland (and Ireland before 1922).

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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First Fitna

The First Fitna or Great Fitna (فتنة مقتل عثمان Fitnat Maqtal Uthmān, The Fitna of the Killing of Uthman) was a civil war within the early Islamic state which resulted in the overthrowing of the Rashidun caliphs and the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty.

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Göktürks

The Türks or the Kök Türks (Old Turkic:, Khotanese Saka Ttūrka, Ttrūka, Old Tibetan Drugu) and sometimes as its Anatolian Turkish form Göktürks (Celestial or Blue Turks), were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples in medieval Inner Asia.

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Go of Balhae

Dae Jo-yeong (died 719), also known in Korea as King Go (Hangul: 고왕, Hanja: 高王), established the state of Balhae, reigning from 699 to 719.

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Goguryeo

Goguryeo (37 BCE–668 CE), or Goryeo, was one of the ancient Three Kingdoms of Korea, located in the northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula and the southern and central parts of inner and outer Manchuria.

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Goguryeo–Tang War

The Goguryeo–Tang War occurred from 645 to 668 and was initially fought between the Goguryeo kingdom and Tang empire.

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Greek fire

Greek fire was an incendiary weapon developed 672 and used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.

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Guangzhou

Guangzhou (Mandarin 廣州 Guǎngzhōu, also known as Canton, and less commonly as Kwangchow)"".

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Gupta Empire

The Gupta Empire (गुप्तसाम्राज्य) was an ancient Indian empire, founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent.

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Harsha

Harshavardhana (c. 590–647), commonly called Harsha, was an Indian emperor who ruled North India from 606 to 647 from his capital Kanauj.

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Hasan ibn Ali

Hasan ibn `Ali ibn Abi Talib (الحسن بن علي بن أبي طالب., 625–670 CE), commonly called Hasan, was the second Shiite Imam, succeeding his father Ali and preceding his younger brother Husayn ibn Ali.

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Hōryū-ji

is a Buddhist temple that was once one of the powerful Seven Great Temples, in Ikaruga, Nara Prefecture, Japan.

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Heptarchy

The Heptarchy (from the Greek ἑπτά hepta, "seven" and ἄρχω arkho, "to rule") is a collective name applied to the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of south, east, and central England during late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, conventionally identified as seven: East Anglia, Essex, Kent, Mercia, Northumbria, Sussex, and Wessex.

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Heraclius

Heraclius (Flavius Heraclius Augustus, Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος, Հերակլես Փլավիոս, c. 575 – February 11, 641) was Byzantine Emperor from 610 to 641.

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Hereswith

Hereswith or Hereswitha (Hǣreswīþ), also spelt Hereswithe, Hereswyde or Haeresvid, was a 7th-century Northumbrian saint.

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Hijra (Islam)

The Hijra or Hijrah (هِجْرَة), also romanized as Hegira and Hejira, is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib, later renamed by him to Medina, in the year 622 CE.

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Hilda of Whitby

Hilda of Whitby or Hild of Whitby (c. 614–680) is a Christian saint and the founding abbess of the monastery at Whitby, which was chosen as the venue for the Synod of Whitby.

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History of the Malay language

Malay is a major language of the Austronesian language family.

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Huineng

Huineng (638–713) was a Buddhist monk who is one of the most important figures in Chan Buddhism according to standard hagiographies.

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Husayn ibn Ali

Husayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب; 8 January 626 AD – 10 October 680 AD) (3rd/4th Sha'aban 4 AH – 10th Muharram 61 AH), also spelled as Husain, Hussain or Hussein, was the son of Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib (fourth Rashidun Caliph of Sunni Islam, and first Imam of Shia Islam) and Fatimah Zahra (daughter of Muhammad) and the younger brother of Hasan ibn Ali.

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Iberian Peninsula

The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe and is divided among four states: Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and France; as well as Gibraltar, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom.

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Ifriqiya

Ifriqiya or Ifriqiyah or el-Maghrib el-Adna (Lower West) was the area during medieval history that comprises what is today Tunisia, Tripolitania (western Libya) and the Constantinois (eastern Algeria); all part of what was previously included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire.

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Ikaruga

is a vertical manic shoot 'em up video game developed and published by Treasure.

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Imamah (Shia doctrine)

Imamah (إمامة) is the Shia Islam doctrine (belief) of religious, spiritual and political leadership of the Ummah.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Isaac of Nineveh

Isaac of Nineveh (Arabic: إسحاق النينوي Ishak an-Naynuwī; Ἰσαὰκ Σύρος; c. 613 – c. 700) also remembered as Saint Isaac the Syrian, Abba Isaac, Isaac Syrus and Isaac of Qatar was a 7th-century Syriac Christian bishop and theologian best remembered for his written works on Christian asceticism.

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Islam

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Islamic calendar

The Islamic calendar, Muslim calendar or Hijri calendar (AH) is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 days.

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Japan

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Jerusalem

Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.

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Jews

The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Julian calendar

The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.

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Justinian II

Justinian II (Ἰουστινιανός Β΄, Ioustinianos II, Iustinianus II) (669 – 11 December 711), surnamed the Rhinotmetos or Rhinotmetus (ὁ Ῥινότμητος, "the slit-nosed"), was the last Byzantine Emperor of the Heraclian Dynasty, reigning from 685 to 695 and again from 705 to 711.

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K'inich Janaab' Pakal

K'inich Janaab' Pakal (March 603 – August 683) was ruler of the Maya polity of Palenque in the Late Classic period of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican chronology.

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Kabul

Kabul (کابل, کابل) is the capital of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan as well as the largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country.

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Kalingga Kingdom

Kalingga (Karajan Kalingga; 訶陵 Hēlíng or 闍婆 Dūpó in Chinese sources) was the 6th century Indianized kingdom on the north coast of Central Java, Indonesia.

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Kedukan Bukit inscription

The Kedukan Bukit Inscription was discovered by the Dutchman M. Batenburg on 29 November 1920 at Kedukan Bukit, South Sumatra, Indonesia on the banks of the River Tatang, a tributary of the River Musi.

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Khalid ibn al-Walid

Abū Sulaymān Khālid ibn al-Walīd ibn al-Mughīrah al-Makhzūmī (أبو سليمان خالد بن الوليد بن المغيرة المخزومي‎; 585 or 592–642) also known as Sayf Allāh al-Maslūl (سيف الله المسلول; Drawn Sword of God), was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

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Khan (title)

Khan, Kahn (хан/khan; kağan or hakan; Azerbaijani: xan; Ottoman: han; Old Turkic:, kaɣan; Chinese: 可汗, kèhán; Goguryeo: 皆, key; Silla: 干, kan; Baekje: 瑕, ke; Manchu:, Pashto: خان خان, Balochi: خان Hindi: ख़ान; Nepali: खाँ Bengali: খ়ান; Bulgarian: хан, Chuvash: хун, hun) is an originally Mongol and subsequently Central Asian title for a sovereign or military ruler, widely used by medieval nomadic Mongol tribes living to the north of China.

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Khosrow II

Khosrow II (Chosroes II in classical sources; Middle Persian: Husrō(y)), entitled "Aparvēz" ("The Victorious"), also Khusraw Parvēz (New Persian: خسرو پرویز), was the last great king of the Sasanian Empire, reigning from 590 to 628.

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Kingdom of Funan

Kingdom of Funan (អាណាចក្រហ្វូណន) was the name given by the Chinese to an ancient kingdom located in southern Southeast Asia centered on the Mekong Delta that existed from the first to sixth century CE.

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Kingdom of Kent

The kingdom of the Kentish (Cantaware Rīce; Regnum Cantuariorum), today referred to as the Kingdom of Kent (Ceint), was an early medieval kingdom in what is now South East England.

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Korea

Korea, called Hanguk (한국; Hanja: 韓國) or Daehan (대한; Hanja: 大韓) in South Korea and Chosŏn (조선; Hanja: 朝鮮) in North Korea and elsewhere, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea (also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK) and South Korea (also known as the Republic of Korea, or ROK).

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Korean Peninsula

The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia.

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Kota Kapur inscription

Kota Kapur Inscription is an inscription discovered in western coast of Bangka Island, offcoast South Sumatra, Indonesia, by J.K. van der Meulen in December 1892.

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Kufa

Kufa (الكوفة) is a city in Iraq, about south of Baghdad, and northeast of Najaf.

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Lake Chad

Lake Chad (lac Tchad) is a historically large, shallow, endorheic lake in Africa, which has varied in size over the centuries.

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Later Silla

Later Silla (668–935) or Unified Silla is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, when it conquered Baekje in 660 and Goguryeo in 668, unifying the southern and middle portion of the Korean peninsula.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Leontia

Leontia was the Empress consort of Phocas of the Byzantine Empire.

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Li Jing (general)

Li Jing (571 – July 2, 649), courtesy name Yaoshi, posthumously known as Duke Jingwu of Wei, was a Chinese general who lived in the early Tang dynasty and was most active during the reign of Emperor Taizong.

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Li Shiji

Li Shiji (594The Old Book of Tang indicated that Li Shiji was 75 at the time of his death, while the New Book of Tang indicated that Li Shiji was 85 at the time of his death. Compare Old Book of Tang, vol. 67 with New Book of Tang, vol. 93. The Zizhi Tongjian, while not explicitly stating that Li Shiji was 75 at the time of his death, appeared to follow the Old Book of Tang by quoting Li Shiji as stating that he was satisfied with living almost to 80. See Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 201. (The New Book of Tang, containing apparently the same quote, had a slightly different version that had Li Shiji stating that he was satisfied with living over 80.) – December 31, 669), courtesy name Maogong, posthumously known as Duke Zhenwu of Ying, was a Chinese general who lived in the early Tang dynasty.

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Library of Alexandria

The Royal Library of Alexandria or Ancient Library of Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world.

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List of Byzantine emperors

This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.

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List of monarchs of Kent

This is a list of the kings of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Kent.

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Mahabalipuram

Mahabalipuram, also known as Mamallapuram is a town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for the Maya hieroglyphic script, the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.

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Mecca

Mecca (مكة), also transliterated Makkah, is a city in the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia.

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Medieval Greek

Medieval Greek, also known as Byzantine Greek, is the stage of the Greek language between the end of Classical antiquity in the 5th-6th centuries and the end of the Middle Ages, conventionally dated to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453. From the 7th century onwards, Greek was the only language of administration and government in the Byzantine Empire. This stage of language is thus described as Byzantine Greek. The study of the Medieval Greek language and literature is a branch of Byzantine Studies, or Byzantinology, the study of the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire. The beginning of Medieval Greek is occasionally dated back to as early as the 4th century, either to 330 AD, when the political centre of the Roman Empire was moved to Constantinople, or to 395 AD, the division of the Empire. However, this approach is rather arbitrary as it is more an assumption of political as opposed to cultural and linguistic developments. Indeed, by this time the spoken language, particularly pronunciation, had already shifted towards modern forms. The conquests of Alexander, and the ensuing Hellenistic period, had caused Greek to spread to peoples throughout Anatolia and the Eastern Mediterranean, altering the spoken language's pronunciation and structure. Medieval Greek is the link between this vernacular, known as Koine Greek, and the Modern Greek language. Though Byzantine Greek literature was still strongly influenced by Ancient Greek, it was also influenced by vernacular Koine Greek, which is the language of the New Testament and the liturgical language of the church.

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Medina

Medina (المدينة المنورة,, "the radiant city"; or المدينة,, "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz, and the capital of the Al Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.

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Melayu Kingdom

The Melayu Kingdom (also known as Malayu, Dharmasraya Kingdom or the Jambi Kingdom;, reconstructed Middle Chinese pronunciation mat-la-yu kwok)Muljana, Slamet, (2006), Sriwijaya, Yogyakarta: LKIS, ISBN 979-8451-62-7.

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Merv

Merv (Merw, مرو, Marv), formerly Achaemenid Satrapy of Margiana, and later Alexandria (Ἀλεξάνδρεια) and Antiochia in Margiana (Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Μαργιανῆς), was a major oasis-city in Central Asia, on the historical Silk Road, located near today's Mary in Turkmenistan.

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Mexico

Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

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Mexico City

Mexico City (Ciudad de México, officially known as México, D. F., or simply D. F.) is the federal district (distrito federal), capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the union.

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Mosque

A mosque (مسجد and مسجد masjid, plural مساجد masājid) is a place of worship for followers of Islam.

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Mount Edziza volcanic complex

The Mount Edziza volcanic complex is a large and potentially active north-south trending complex volcano in Stikine Country, northwestern British Columbia, Canada, located southeast of the small community of Telegraph Creek.

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Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (معاوية ابن أبي سفيان; 602 – April 29 or May 1, 680) established the Umayyad Dynasty of the caliphate, and was the second caliph from the Umayyad clan, the first being Uthman ibn Affan.

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Muhammad

Muhammadfull name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (محمد; – 8 June 632 CEElizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition. Many earlier (mainly non-Islamic) traditions refer to him as still alive at the time of the invasion of Palestine. See Stephen J. Shoemaker,The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad's Life and the Beginnings of Islam, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.) is generally regarded by non-Muslims to have been the founder of Islam, and almost universallyThe Ahmadiyya Muslim Community considers Muhammad to be the "Seal of the Prophets" (Khātam an-Nabiyyīn) and the last law-bearing Prophet but not the last Prophet.

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Museo Nacional de Antropología

The National Museum of Anthropology (Museo Nacional de Antropología, MNA) is a national museum of Mexico.

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Muslim

A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.

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Muslim conquest of Egypt

At the commencement of the Muslim conquest of Egypt, Egypt was part of the Byzantine/Eastern Roman Empire, which had its capital at Constantinople.

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Muslim conquest of Persia

The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran led to the end of the Sasanian Empire in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran.

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Muslim conquest of the Levant

The Muslim conquest of Syria (Arabic: الفتح الإسلامي لبلاد الشام) occurred in the first half of the 7th century,"Syria." Encyclopædia Britannica.

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Muslim conquest of the Maghreb

The Muslim conquest of North Africa continued the century of rapid Arab Muslim military expansion following the death of Muhammad in 632 AD.

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Muslim conquests

According to traditional accounts, the Muslim conquests (الغزوات, al-Ġazawāt or الفتوحات الإسلامية, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) also referred to as the Islamic conquests or Arab conquests, began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7th century.

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Nara Prefecture

is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Narasimhavarman I

Narasimhavarman I (ுதலாம் நரசிம்மவர்மன்.) was a Tamil king of the Pallava dynasty who ruled South India from 630–668 CE.

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North India

North India (उत्तर भारत, ਉੱਤਰ ਭਾਰਤ, شمالي هندستان) is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

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North–South States Period

North–South States Period (698–926 CE) is the period in Korean history when Silla and Balhae coexisted in the south and north of the peninsula, respectively.

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Palenque

Palenque (Yucatec Maya: Bàakʼ /ɓàːkʼ/), also anciently known as Lakamha (literally: "Big Water"), was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century.

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Palestine (region)

Palestine (فلسطين.,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.

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Pannonian Avars

The Pannonian Avars were a group of Eurasian nomads of the early Middle Ages of uncertain origins,: "...

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Phocas

Phocas (Flavius Phocas Augustus; Φωκᾶς, Phokas) (547 – 5 October 610) was Byzantine Emperor from 602 to 610.

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Pope

The Pope (papa; from πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

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Pope Benjamin I of Alexandria

Pope Benjamin I of Alexandria, 38th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

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Pope Gregory I

Pope Gregory I (Gregorius I; c. 540 – 12 March 604), commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great, Gregory had come to be known as 'the Great' by the late ninth century, a title which is still applied to him.

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Pope Sabinian

Pope Sabinian (Sabinianus, died 22 February 606) was Pope from 13 September 604 to his death in 606.

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Port

A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land.

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Pulakeshin II

Pulakeshin II (610–642 CE), also spelt Pulakesi II and Pulikeshi II, was the most famous ruler of the Chalukya dynasty.

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Quran

The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (الله, Allah).

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Rashidun Caliphate

The Rashidun Caliphate (الخلافة الراشدة, c. 632–661) is the collective term comprising the first four caliphs—the "Rightly Guided" or Rashidun caliphs (الخلفاء الراشدون)—in Islamic history and was founded after Muhammad's death in 632 (year 11 AH in the Islamic calendar).

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Rædwald of East Anglia

Rædwald (Rædwald, 'power in counsel'), also rendered as Raedwald or Redwald, was a 7th-century king of East Anglia, a long-lived Anglo-Saxon kingdom which today includes the English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk.

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Roman Senate

The Roman Senate was a political institution in ancient Rome.

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Roman–Persian Wars

The Roman–Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between states of the Greco-Roman world and two successive Iranian empires: the Parthian and the Sassanid.

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Rome

Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.

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Saint Asaph

Saint Asaph (or Asaf, Asa) was, in the second half of the 6th century, the first Bishop of St Asaph, i.e. bishop of the diocese of Saint Asaph.

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Saint Boniface

Saint Boniface (Bonifatius) (c. 675? – 5 June 754), born Winfrid, Wynfrith, or Wynfryth in the kingdom of Wessex in Anglo-Saxon England, was a leading figure in the Anglo-Saxon mission to the Germanic parts of the Frankish Empire during the 8th century.

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Saiva

Saiva is a genus of Asian lanternbugs, family Fulgoridae.

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Sambandar

Sambandar (also called Thirugyana Sambandar, Tirugnana Sambanthar, Campantar, Champantar, Jnanasambandar, Gnanasambandar) was a young Saiva poet-saint of Tamil Nadu who lived around the 7th century CE.

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Samo

Samo (Samon) founded the first recorded political union of Slavic tribes, known as Samo's Empire (realm, kingdom, or tribal union), stretching from Silesia to present-day Slovenia, ruling from 623 until his death in 658.

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Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian Empire (or; also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian language, was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 AD to 651 AD.

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Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas

Saʿd ibn Abī Waqqās (سعد بن أبي وقاص) was an early convert to Islam in 610–11 and one of the important companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

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Seaxburh of Ely

Seaxburh (Old English: Sexburh); also Saint Sexburga of Ely, (died about 699) was the queen of King Eorcenberht of Kent, as well as an abbess and a saint of the Christian Church.

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Second Fitna

The Second Fitna, or Second Islamic Civil War, was a period of general political and military disorder that afflicted the Islamic empire during the early Umayyad dynasty, following the death of the first Umayyad caliph Muawiyah I. Historians dates its start variously as 680 or 683 AD and its end as being somewhere between 685 and 692.

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Shah

Shah (Šâh) (شاه,, "king") is a title given to the emperors/kings and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).

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Shailendra dynasty

The Shailendra dynasty (derived from Sanskrit combined words Śaila and Indra, meaning "King of the Mountain", also spelled Sailendra, Syailendra or Selendra) was the name of a notable Indonesian dynasty that emerged in 8th century Java whose reign marked a cultural renaissance in the region.

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Shatranj

Shatranj (Arabic شطرنج, from Middle Persian chatrang چترنگ), is an old form of chess, which came to the Western world by the Persians and later Greeks, and ultimately from India via the Persian Empire.

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Shinto

, also kami-no-michi, is the ethnic religion of the people of Japan.

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Ship burial

A ship burial or boat grave is a burial in which a ship or boat is used either as a container for the dead and the grave goods, or as a part of the grave goods itself.

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Shugendō

is a highly syncretic religion that originated in Heian Japan in which enlightenment is equated with attaining oneness with the.

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Siege of Constantinople (674–78)

The First Arab Siege of Constantinople in 674–678 was a major conflict of the Arab–Byzantine Wars, and the first culmination of the Umayyad Caliphate's expansionist strategy towards the Byzantine Empire, led by Caliph Mu'awiya I. Mu'awiya, who had emerged in 661 as the ruler of the Muslim Arab empire following a civil war, renewed aggressive warfare against Byzantium after a lapse of some years and hoped to deliver a lethal blow by capturing the Byzantine capital, Constantinople.

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Sigeberht of East Anglia

Sigeberht of East Anglia (also known as Saint Sigebert), (Old English: Sigebryht) was a saint and a king of East Anglia, the Anglo-Saxon kingdom which today includes the English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk.

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Silla

Silla (57 BC57 BC according to the Samguk Sagi; however Seth 2010 notes that "these dates are dutifully given in many textbooks and published materials in Korea today, but their basis is in myth; only Goguryeo can be traced back to a time period that is anywhere near its legendary founding." – 935 AD) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, and one of the world's longest sustained dynasties.

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Sindh

Sindh سندھ; (سنڌ (Perso- Arabic); Indus; Ἰνδός; Sindhu) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the south east of the country.

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Slavery

Slavery is a legal or economic system in which principles of property law can apply to humans so that people can be treated as property, and can be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement.

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Slavs

The Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group living in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia, who speak the Indo-European Slavic languages, and share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits and historical backgrounds.

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Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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South-pointing chariot

The south-pointing chariot (or carriage) was an ancient Chinese two-wheeled vehicle that carried a movable pointer to indicate the south, no matter how the chariot turned.

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Srivijaya

Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya, Indonesian/Malay: Sriwijaya, ศรีวิชัย, known by the Chinese as Shih-li-fo-shih and San-fo-ch'i) was a dominant thalassocratic city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

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Stirrup

A stirrup is a light frame or ring that holds the foot of a rider, attached to the saddle by a strap, often called a stirrup leather.

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Strait of Malacca

The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka; Jawi: سلت ملاک) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

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Su Dingfang

Su Dingfang (591–667), formal name Su Lie (蘇烈) but went by the courtesy name of Dingfang, formally Duke Zhuang of Xing (邢莊公), was a general of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty who succeeded in destroying the Western Tujue in 657.

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Sui dynasty

The Sui dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China. Preceded by the Southern and Northern Dynasties, it unified China for the first time after over a century of north-south division. It was followed by the Tang dynasty. Founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the Sui dynasty capital was Chang'an (which was renamed Daxing, 581–605) and the later at Luoyang (605–614). Emperors Wen and Yang undertook various centralized reforms including the equal-field system, intended to reduce economic inequality and improve agricultural productivity; the institution of the Three Departments and Six Ministries system; and the standardization and re-unification of the coinage. They also spread and encouraged Buddhism throughout the empire and undertook monumental construction projects including expanding the Great Wall and digging the Grand Canal. After its costly and disastrous military campaigns against the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo ended in defeat by 614, the dynasty disintegrated under a series of popular revolts culminating in the assassination of Emperor Yang by his ministers in 618. The dynasty's short duration—only thirty seven years—is often attributed to its heavy demands on its subjects, including taxation and the compulsory labor demanded by its ambitious construction projects. The dynasty is often compared to the earlier Qin dynasty, which also undertook wide-ranging reforms and construction projects yet lasted only a few decades.

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Sumatra

Sumatra (Sumatera) is an island in western Indonesia and part of the Sunda Islands.

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Sunda Strait

The Sunda Strait (Indonesian: Selat Sunda) is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.

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Sutton Hoo

Sutton Hoo, near Woodbridge, East Anglia, is the site of two 6th- and early 7th-century cemeteries.

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Talang Tuwo inscription

Talang Tuwo inscription is a 7th-century Srivijaya inscription discovered by Louis Constant Westenenk on 17 November 1920, on the foot of Bukit Seguntang near Palembang.

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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu; literally The Land of Tamils or Tamil Country is one of the 29 states of India.

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Tang campaign against the Eastern Turks

Emperor Taizong of Tang (r. 626-649), the second emperor of Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, faced a major threat from Tang's northern neighbor, the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Taoism

Taoism (sometimes Daoism) is a philosophical, ethical or religious tradition of Chinese origin, or faith of Chinese exemplification, that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Tarumanagara

Tarumanagara or Taruma Kingdom or just Taruma is an early Sundanese Indianised kingdom, whose fifth-century ruler, Purnawarman, produced the earliest known inscriptions on Java island.

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Telaga Batu inscription

Telaga Batu inscription is a 7th-century Srivijayan inscription discovered in Sabokingking, 3 Ilir, Ilir Timur II, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia around the 1950s.

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Temple of the Inscriptions

The Temple of the Inscriptions (Classic Maya: Bʼolon Yej Teʼ Naah "House of the Nine Sharpened Spears") is the largest Mesoamerican stepped pyramid structure at the pre-Columbian Maya civilization site of Palenque, located in the modern-day state of Chiapas, Mexico.

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Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan, also written Teotihuacán (Spanish), was an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.

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Third Chinese domination of Vietnam

The third Chinese domination refers to the time in Vietnam from the end of the Anterior Lý Dynasty in 602 to the rise of the Khúc family by Khúc Thừa Dụ in 905 or until 938, following the expulsion of the Southern Han invaders by Ngô Quyền.

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Timgad

Timgad (called Thamugas or Thamugadi in old Berber) was a Roman colonial town in the Aurès Mountains of Algeria, founded by the Emperor Trajan around AD 100.

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True Cross

The True Cross is the name for physical remnants which, by a Christian tradition, are believed to be from the cross upon which Jesus was crucified.

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Tuyuhun

Tuyuhun, also known as Henanguo (河南國), or 'A-zha or Togon in Tibetan, was a powerful Mongolic kingdom established by nomadic tribes related to the Xianbei in the Qilian Mountains and upper Yellow River valley.

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Umar

Umar, also spelled Omar (t, born c.583 CEdied 3 November 644 CE), was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs (successors) in history.

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Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate (الخلافة الأموية, trans. Al-Khilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

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Unknown Archon

The Unknown Archon (непознати архонт/nepoznati arhont, непознати кнез/nepoznati knez) or Serb Archon (архонт Србин/arhont Srbin) refers to the Serbian prince who led the Serbs from their homeland to settle in the Balkans during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius (610–641), as mentioned in Emperor Constantine VII's De Administrando Imperio (950s).

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Uqba ibn Nafi

Uqba ibn Nafi (عقبة بن نافع ‘Uqbah ibn Nāfi‘, also referred to as Oqba ibn Nafi, Uqba bin Nafe, Uqba ibn al Nafia, or Akbah; 622–683) was an Arab general who was serving the Umayyad dynasty, in Muawiyah and Yazid periods, who began the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb, including present-day Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Morocco in North Africa.

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Uthman

Uthman ibn Affan (عثمان بن عفان, strict transliteration:; also known in English by the Turkish and Persian rendering Osman; 576 – 17 June 656) was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and the third of the Sunni Rashidun or "Rightly Guided Caliphs".

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Visigoths

The Visigoths (UK:; US:, Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, or Wisi) were branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

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Welsh people

The Welsh people (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales and the Welsh language.

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Western Turkic Khaganate

The Onoq Western Turkic Khaganate was a Turkic khaganate formed as a result of the internecine wars in the beginning of the 7th century (593603 AD) after the Göktürk Khaganate (founded in the 6th century in Mongolia by the Ashina clan) had splintered into two politiesEastern and Western. The Western Turks initially sought friendly relations with the Eastern Roman Empire in order to expand their territory at the expense of their mutual enemy, the Sassanid Persian Empire. The Western Turks were also known as the Onogurs or Onoghurs, from the proto-Turkic Onoq ("ten arrows"). An "arrow" (oğuz) was a name for one division of the Turkic tribes.

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Wihtburh

Wihtburh (or Withburga) (died 743) was an East Anglia saint, princess and abbess who was possibly a daughter of Anna of East Anglia, located in present-day England.

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World population

In demographics and general statistics, the term world population refers to the total number of living humans on Earth.

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Wu Zetian

Wu Zetian (February17, 624December16, 705),Paludan, 100 also known as Wu Zhao (Wu Chao), Wu Hou and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou (天后), referred to in English as Empress Consort Wu or by the deprecated term "Empress Wu", was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as Empress and later, officially as Emperor of China (皇帝) during the brief Zhou dynasty (周, 690-705), which interrupted the Tang dynasty (618–690 & 705–907).

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Xuanzang

Xuanzang (c. 602 – 664), born Chen Hui or Chen Yi (Chen I), was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who described the interaction between China and India in the early Tang dynasty.

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Xumi Pagoda

The Xumi Pagoda or Sumeru Pagoda, also known as Summer Pagoda is a Chinese pagoda of the Buddhist Kaiyuan Monastery west of Zhengding, Hebei province, China.

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Yamato Province

was a province of Japan, located in Kinai, corresponding to present-day Nara Prefecture in Honshū.

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Yazdegerd III

Yazdegerd III or Yazdgerd III (𐭩𐭦𐭣𐭪𐭥𐭲𐭩 Yazdākird, meaning "made by God"; New Persian: یزدگرد), was the thirty-eighth and last king of the Sasanian Empire of Iran from 632 to 651.

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Yeon Gaesomun

Yeon GaesomunSome Chinese and Korean sources stated that his surname was Yeongae (연개, 淵蓋) and personal name was Somun (소문, 蘇文), but the majority of sources suggest a one-syllable surname and a three-syllable personal name.

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Yijing (monk)

Yijing (635–713 CE) was a Tang Chinese Buddhist monk originally named Zhang Wenming (張文明).

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Zhengding County

Zhengding is a county of southwestern Hebei province, China, located approximately south of Beijing.

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540

Year 540 (DXL) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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570

Year 570 (DLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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592

Year 592 (DXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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599

Year 599 (DXCIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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600

Year 600 (DC) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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601

Year 601 (DCI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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602

Year 602 (DCII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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603

Year 603 (DCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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604

Year 604 (DCIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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606

Year 606 (DCVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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607

Year 607 (DCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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610

Year 610 (DCX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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615

Year 615 (DCXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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616

Year 616 (DCXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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618

Year 618 (DCXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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622

Year 622 (DCXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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623

Year 623 (DCXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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626

Year 626 (DCXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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627

Year 627 (DCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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629

Year 629 (DCXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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630

Year 630 (DCXXX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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632

Year 632 (DCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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635

Year 635 (DCXXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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636

Year 636 (DCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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638

Year 638 (DCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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639

Year 639 (DCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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641

Year 641 (DCXLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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642

Year 642 (DCXLII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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649

Year 649 (DCXLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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650

Year 650 (DCL) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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651

Year 651 (DCLI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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656

Year 656 (DCLVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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657

Year 657 (DCLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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658

Year 658 (DCLVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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661

Year 661 (DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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663

Year 663 (DCLXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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664

Year 664 (DCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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668

Year 668 (DCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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670

Year 670 (DCLXX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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670s

No description.

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671

Year 671 (DCLXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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674

Year 674 (DCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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677

Year 677 (DCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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679

Year 679 (DCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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680

Year 680 (DCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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681

Year 681 (DCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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683

Year 683 (DCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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685

Year 685 (DCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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686

Year 686 (DCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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687

Year 687 (DCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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688

Year 688 (DCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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690

Year 690 (DCXC) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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691

Year 691 (DCXCI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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694

Year 694 (DCXCIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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698

Year 698 (DCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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700

Year 700 (DCC) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Redirects here:

7 Century, 7th CE, 7th Century, 7th centuries, 7th century A.D, 7th century AD, 7th century CE, 7th-century, Seventh Century, Seventh century, Seventh century AD, Seventh-century, VII Century, VII century, Year in Review 7th Century.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7th_century

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