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7th century BC

The 7th century BC began the first day of 700 BC and ended the last day of 601 BC. [1]

260 relations: Abdera, Thrace, Achaemenid dynasty, Achaemenid Empire, Acropolis of Athens, Alba Longa, Alyattes of Lydia, Anatolia, Anaximander, Ancient Corinth, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Olympic Games, Ancus Marcius, Anga, Arabs, Archaic Greece, Archilochus, Armenians, Ashkelon, Ashur, Ashur-etil-ilani, Ashur-uballit II, Ashurbanipal, Assaka, Assyria, Athens, Avanti (India), Babylon, Babylonia, Battle of Carchemish, Battle of Chengpu, Battle of Halule, Battle of Megiddo (609 BC), Benares State, Book of Deuteronomy, Bronze Age, Brook of Egypt, Byzantium, Byzas, Capua, Celts, Cerveteri, Chedi Kingdom, China, Chu (state), Cimmerians, Climate change, Coin, Continental Europe, Corfu, ..., Crown prince, Cylon of Athens, Cypselus, Cyrene, Libya, Cyrus I, Demotic (Egyptian), Egypt, Elam, Emperor Jimmu, Epic of Gilgamesh, Esarhaddon, Europe, Ezekiel, Ferrous metallurgy, Gandhara, Greece, Greeks, Guan Zhong, Gyges of Lydia, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Harran, Hezekiah, History of ancient Egypt, Impact event, India, Iran, Japan, Jehoahaz of Judah, Jehoiakim, Jeremiah, Jin (Chinese state), Josiah, Kaali crater, Kambojas, King Ding of Zhou, King Huan of Zhou, King Hui of Zhou, King Kuang of Zhou, King Li of Zhou, King of Rome, King Qing of Zhou, King Xi of Zhou, King Xiang of Zhou, King Zhuang of Zhou, Kingdom of Judah, Kings of Judah, Klazomenai, Kosala, Kuru Kingdom, Latin, Lesbos, Libya, List of Assyrian kings, List of sovereign states in the 7th century BC, Lower Egypt, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Lydia, Lyric poetry, Maarten van Heemskerck, Magadha, Mahajanapada, Malla (India), Manasseh of Judah, Marseille, Mathematician, Matsya Kingdom, Maya civilization, Medes, Megara, Memphis, Egypt, Mettius Fufetius, Milan, Miletus, Military history of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Monarch, Nabopolassar, Naval warfare, Near East, Nebuchadnezzar II, Necho I, Necho II, Neo-Babylonian Empire, Nineveh, Nobility, Nordic Bronze Age, North Africa, Numa Pompilius, Palestine (region), Panchala, Pankration, Paros, Phalanx, Pharaoh, Philosopher, Phocaea, Phrygia, Piedras Negras (Maya site), Poet, Prime minister, Printing, Psamtik I, Qi (state), Rome, Romulus and Remus, Royal family, Russia, Sappho, Scandinavia, Scythians, Sennacherib, Seven Sages of Greece, Shamash-shum-ukin, Sicily, Sinsharishkun, Smyrna, Solar eclipse, Solon, Stesichorus, Surasena, Susa, Syria, Taharqa, Tantamani, Temple in Jerusalem, Thales, Thasos, Thebes, Egypt, Thrace, Tower of Babel, Tullus Hostilius, Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt, Tyrant, Tyrtaeus, Ukraine, Upper Egypt, Vajji, Vatsa, Zhou dynasty, 4th century BC, 525 BC, 543 BC, 555 BC, 558 BC, 600 BC, 600s BC (decade), 601 BC, 605 BC, 606 BC, 607 BC, 609 BC, 610 BC, 610s BC, 612 BC, 613 BC, 614 BC, 616 BC, 618 BC, 619 BC, 620s BC, 622 BC, 625 BC, 626 BC, 627 BC, 630s BC, 631 BC, 632 BC, 640 BC, 640s BC, 642 BC, 643 BC, 645 BC, 647 BC, 648 BC, 649 BC, 650 BC, 650s BC, 651 BC, 652 BC, 653 BC, 656 BC, 657 BC, 660 BC, 660s BC, 663 BC, 664 BC, 667 BC, 668 BC, 669 BC, 670 BC, 670s BC, 671 BC, 673 BC, 674 BC, 675 BC, 676 BC, 677 BC, 680s BC, 681 BC, 682 BC, 687 BC, 689 BC, 690 BC, 690s BC, 691 BC, 696 BC, 697 BC, 699 BC, 700 BC, 710s BC, 8th century BC. Expand index (210 more) »

Abdera, Thrace

Abdera (Ancient Greek: Ἄβδηρα) was a major Greek polis on the coast of Thrace.

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Achaemenid dynasty

The Achaemenid dynasty (Persian: هخامنشیان) was an ancient Persian royal house.

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Achaemenid Empire

The Achaemenid Empire, also called the, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great, notable for embracing various civilizations and becoming the largest empire of the ancient history, spanning at its maximum extent from the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east.

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Acropolis of Athens

The Acropolis of Athens (Ἀκρόπολις; Ακρόπολη Αθηνών Akrópoli Athinón) is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.

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Alba Longa

Alba Longa (occasionally written Albalonga in Italian sources) was an ancient city of Latium in central Italy, southeast of Rome, in the Alban Hills.

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Alyattes of Lydia

Alyattes, king of Lydia (619–560 BC), considered to be the founder of the Lydian empire, was the son of Sadyattes, of the house of the Mermnadae.

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Anatolia

Anatolia (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ — "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern), in geography known as Asia Minor (from Mīkrá Asía — "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, Anatolian peninsula, or Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of the Republic of Turkey.

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Anaximander

Anaximander (Ἀναξίμανδρος Anaximandros; c. 610 – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus,"Anaximander" in Chambers's Encyclopædia.

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Ancient Corinth

Corinth (Κόρινθος Kórinthos) was a city-state (polis) on the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece, roughly halfway between Athens and Sparta.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).

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Ancient Olympic Games

The Olympic Games (Ολυμπιακοί αγώνες., "Olympiakoi Agones") were a series of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states and one of the Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece.

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Ancus Marcius

Ancus Marcius (678 BC – 617 BC; reigned 642 BC – 617 BC)"Ancus Marcius" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.

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Anga

Anga (अंग) was a kingdom that flourished on the eastern Indian subcontinent in the 6th century BCE until taken over by Magadha in the same century.

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Arabs

Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.

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Archaic Greece

The Archaic period in Greece (800 BC – 480 BC) is a period of ancient Greek history that followed the Greek Dark Ages.

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Archilochus

Archilochus (Ἀρχίλοχος Arkhilokhos; c. 680 – c. 645 BC)While these have been the generally accepted dates since Felix Jacoby, "The Date of Archilochus," Classical Quarterly 35 (1941) 97–109, some scholars disagree; Robin Lane Fox, for instance, in Travelling Heroes: Greeks and Their Myths in the Epic Age of Homer (London: Allen Lane, 2008, ISBN 978-0-7139-9980-8), p. 388, dates him c. 740–680 BC.

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Armenians

Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

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Ashkelon

Ashkelon also Ashqelon and Ascalon; (אַשְׁקְלוֹן; عسقلان; Ascalonia ; Akkadian:; Ancient Greek: Ἀσκάλων, Askalon) is a coastal city in the Southern District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast, south of Tel Aviv, and north of the border with the Gaza Strip.

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Ashur

Ashur (often also transliterated as Asshur to reflect the pointing of Hebrew letter 'ש' (Shin) in the Masoretic text, which doubles the 'ש'), was the second son of Shem, the son of Noah.

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Ashur-etil-ilani

Ashur-etil-ilani was a king of Assyria (ca. 631 BC – ca. 627 BC).

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Ashur-uballit II

Ashur-uballit II (Aššur-uballiṭ II) was the last king of the Neo Assyrian Empire, succeeding Sin-shar-ishkun (623-612 BC).

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Ashurbanipal

Ashurbanipal (Aššur-bāni-apli; "ܐܵܫܘܿܪ ܒܵܢܝܼ ܐܵܦܠܝܼ"; 'Ashur is the creator of an heir'; 668 BC – c. 627 BC),These are the dates according to the Assyrian King list, also spelled Assurbanipal or Ashshurbanipal, was an Assyrian king, the son of Esarhaddon and the last strong king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (934–609 BC).

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Assaka

Assaka (अश्मक, Pali: Assaka), was a region of ancient India (700–300 BCE).

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Assyria

Assyria, a major Mesopotamian East Semitic kingdom and empire of the Ancient Near East, existed as an independent state for a period of approximately nineteen centuries, from the 25th century BC to 605 BC, spanning the mid to Early Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age.

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Athens

Athens (Αθήνα, Athína,; Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Avanti (India)

Avanti (अवन्ति) was an ancient Indian janapada (realm), roughly corresponded to the present day Malwa region.

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Babylon

Babylon (Bābili or Babilim; بابل, Bābil) was a significant city in ancient Mesopotamia, in the fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

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Babylonia

Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking Semitic state and cultural region based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

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Battle of Carchemish

The Battle of Carchemish was fought about 605 BC between the allied armies of Egypt and former Assyria against Babylonia.

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Battle of Chengpu

The Battle of Chengpu took place in 632 BC between the State of Jin and the State of Chu and its allies during the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history.

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Battle of Halule

The Battle of Halule took place in 691 BC between the Assyrian empire and the rebelling forces of the Babylonians, Chaldeans, Persians, Medes, Elamites and Aramaic tribes.

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Battle of Megiddo (609 BC)

This Battle of Megiddo is recorded as having taken place in 609 BC with Necho II of Egypt leading his army to Carchemish to fight with his allies the Assyrians against the Babylonians at Carchemish in northern Syria.

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Benares State

Benares or Banaras (वाराणसी) was a princely state in what is today India during the British Raj.

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Book of Deuteronomy

The Book of Deuteronomy (from Greek Δευτερονόμιον, Deuteronomion, "second law"; דְּבָרִים, Devarim, " words") is the fifth book of the Hebrew Bible, and of the Jewish Torah.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a time period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Brook of Egypt

The Brook of Egypt is the name used in some English translations of the Bible for the Hebrew Nachal Mitzrayim ("River of Egypt") used for the river defining the westernmost border of the Land of Israel.

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Byzantium

Byzantium (Βυζάντιον Byzántion) was an ancient Greek colony on the site that later became Constantinople, and later still Istanbul.

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Byzas

In Greek mythology, Byzas (Βύζας) was the eponymous founder of Byzantium (Greek: Βυζάντιον), the city later known as Constantinople and Istanbul.

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Capua

Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.

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Celts

The Celts (occasionally, see pronunciation of ''Celtic'') were people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.

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Cerveteri

Cerveteri is a town and comune of the northern Lazio, in the province of Rome.

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Chedi Kingdom

The Chedi Kingdom was one of many Indian kingdoms ruled during early periods by Paurava kings and later by Yadava kings in the central part of the country.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chu (state)

Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state. Following the trend of the time, the rulers of Chu declared themselves kings on an equal footing with the Zhou rulers from the time of King Wu in the early 8th century BC. Though initially inconsequential, removed to the south of the Zhou heartland and practising differing customs, Chu became a successful expansionist state during the Spring and Autumn period. It was ultimately incorporated into the prestigious Zhou court and interstate relations as a viscounty, a title bestowed in order to pacify it. With its continued expansion Chu became a great if corrupt Warring States power, and its culture a major influence on the Han dynasty. Also known as Jing (荆) and Jingchu (荆楚), Chu included most of the present-day provinces of Hubei and Hunan, along with parts of Chongqing, Guizhou, Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shanghai. For more than 400 years, the Chu capital Danyang was located at the junction of the Dan and Xi Rivers near present-day Xichuan County, Henan, but later moved to Ying. The ruling house of Chu originally bore the ancestral name Nai (嬭) and clan name Yan (酓), but they are later written as Mi (芈) and Xiong (熊), respectively.

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Cimmerians

The Cimmerians or Kimmerians (Κιμμέριοι, Kimmerioi) were an ancient Indo-European people living north of the Caucasus and the Sea of Azov as early as 1300 BC until they were driven southward by the Scythians into Anatolia during the 8th century BC.

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Climate change

Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).

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Coin

A coin is a piece of hard material used primarily as a medium of exchange or legal tender.

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Continental Europe

Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent (particularly by Britons, Azores and Madeira Portuguese, Balearic and Canary Spaniards, Icelanders and other European island nations, and peninsular Scandinavians), is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding the islands of Europe.

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Corfu

Corfu (Κέρκυρα, Kérkyra; Κέρκυρα or Κόρκυρα; Corcyra; Corfù) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea.

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Crown prince

A crown prince or crown princess is the heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.

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Cylon of Athens

Cylon (Greek: Κύλων Kylon) was an Athenian associated with the first reliably dated event in Athenian history, the Cylonian affair.

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Cypselus

Cypselus (Κύψελος, Kypselos) was the first tyrant of Corinth in the 7th century BCE.

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Cyrene, Libya

Cyrene (Kyrēnē) was an ancient Greek and Roman city near present-day Shahhat, Libya.

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Cyrus I

Cyrus I (Old Persian: Kuruš) or Cyrus I of Anshan, was King of Anshan in Persia from to 580 BC or, according to others, from to 600 BC.

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Demotic (Egyptian)

Demotic (from δημοτικός dēmotikós, "popular") is the ancient Egyptian script derived from northern forms of hieratic used in the Nile Delta, and the stage of the Egyptian language written in this script, following Late Egyptian and preceding Coptic.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Elam

Elam was an ancient Pre-Iranic civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq.

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Emperor Jimmu

was the first Emperor of Japan, according to legend.

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Epic of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia.

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Esarhaddon

Esarhaddon or Asarhaddon (Akkadian: Aššur-ahu-iddin "Ashur has given a brother"; Aramaic: ܐܵܫܘܿܪ ܐܵܗܐܹ ܐܝܼܕܝܼܢܵܐ; אֵסַר חַדֹּן; Ασαραδδων; Asor Haddan), was a king of Assyria who reigned 681 – 669 BC.

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Europe

Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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Ezekiel

Ezekiel (יְחֶזְקֵאל, Y'ḥez'qel), meaning "May God strengthen him", "God will strengthen" (from חזק, ḥazaq,, literally "to fasten upon", figuratively "strong", and אל, el,, literally "God", and so figuratively "The Almighty") is the central protagonist of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible.

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Ferrous metallurgy

Ferrous metallurgy involves processes and alloys based on iron.

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Gandhara

Gandhāra (ګندارا, گندھارا, Avestan: Vaēkərəta, Sanskrit Puruṣapura, Old Persian Para-upari-sena, Bactrian Paropamisadae, Greek Caspatyrus) is the ancient term for the city, and old kingdom of Peshawar, which encompassed the Swat valley, and the Potohar Plateau regions of Pakistan as well as the Jalalabad district of modern-day Afghanistan.

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Greece

Greece (Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) and known since ancient times as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a country located in southeastern Europe.

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Greeks

The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Anatolia, Southern Italy, and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered around the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Guan Zhong

Guan Zhong (c. 720-645 BC) was a chancellor and Confucian Realist reformer of the State of Qi during the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history.

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Gyges of Lydia

Gyges (Γύγης) was the founder of the third or Mermnad dynasty of Lydian kings and reigned from 716 BC to 678 BC.

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Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one whose location has not been definitely established.

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Harran

Harran (Harran, حران) was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 44 kilometers southeast of Şanlıurfa.

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Hezekiah

Hezekiah (Hebrew:; Ἐζεκίας, Ezekias, in the Septuagint; Ezechias; also transliterated as Ḥizkiyyahu or Ḥizkiyyah) was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the son of Ahaz and the 13th king of Judah.

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History of ancient Egypt

The history of Ancient Egypt spans the period from the early predynastic settlements of the northern Nile Valley to the Roman conquest in 30 BC.

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Impact event

An impact event is a collision between celestial objects causing measurable effects.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Japan

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Jehoahaz of Judah

Jehoahaz or Joachaz in the Douay-Rheims and some other English translations (Ιωαχαζ Iōakhaz; Joachaz) was king of Judah (3 months in 609 BC) and the third son of king Josiah whom he succeeded.

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Jehoiakim

Jehoiakim (pronounced; Hebrew יְהוֹיָקִים "he whom Yahweh has set up", also sometimes spelled Jehoikim (Ιωακιμ; Joakim), c. 635–598 BCE, was a king of Judah from 608 to 598 BCE. He was the eldest son of king Josiah by Zebidah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. His birth name was Eliakim (אֶלְיָקִים Ελιακιμ; Eliakim).

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Jeremiah

Jeremiah (Hebrew: יִרְמְיָהוּ, Modern Hebrew: Yirməyāhū, IPA: jirməˈjaːhu, Tiberian: Yirmĭyahu, Greek: Ἰερεμίας, إرميا ''Irmiya''.) meaning "Yah Exalts", also called the "Weeping prophet", was one of the major prophets of the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament).

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Jin (Chinese state)

Jin, originally known as Tang (唐), was a major state during the middle part of the Zhou dynasty, based near the center of what was then China, on the lands attributed to the legendary Xia dynasty: the southern part of modern Shanxi.

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Josiah

Josiah or Yoshiyahu (or;, literally meaning "healed by Yah" or "supported of Yah"; Josias; c. 649–609 BC) was a king of Judah (641–609 BC), according to the Hebrew Bible, who instituted major reforms.

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Kaali crater

Kaali is a group of 9 meteorite craters in the village of Kaali on the Estonian island of Saaremaa.

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Kambojas

The Kambojas were a tribe of Iron Age India, frequently mentioned in Sanskrit and Pali literature.

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King Ding of Zhou

King Ding of Zhou, or King Ting of Chou, was the twenty-first king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the ninth of Eastern Zhou.

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King Huan of Zhou

King Huan of Zhou (died 697 BC) was the fourteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the second of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BC).

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King Hui of Zhou

King Hui of Zhou was the seventeenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the fifth of Eastern Zhou.

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King Kuang of Zhou

King Kuang of Zhou, or King K’uang of Chou, was the twentieth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the eighth of Eastern Zhou.

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King Li of Zhou

King Li of Zhou (died in 828 BC) was the tenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty.

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King of Rome

The King of Rome (Rex Romae) was the chief magistrate of the Roman Kingdom.

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King Qing of Zhou

King Qing of Zhou, or King Ch’ing of Chou, was the nineteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the seventh of Eastern Zhou.

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King Xi of Zhou

King Xi of Zhou (died 677 BC) was the sixteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the fourth of Eastern Zhou.

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King Xiang of Zhou

King Xiang of Zhou (died 619 BC) was the eighteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the sixth of Eastern Zhou.

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King Zhuang of Zhou

King Zhuang of Zhou (died 682 BC) or King Chuang of Chou was the fifteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty and the third of Eastern Zhou.

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Kingdom of Judah

The Kingdom of Judah (מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה, Mamlekhet Yehuda) was a state established in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age.

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Kings of Judah

The Kings of Judah were the monarchs who ruled over the ancient Kingdom of Judah after the death of Saul, when the Tribe of Judah elevated David to rule over it.

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Klazomenai

Klazomenai (Κλαζομεναί) or Clazomenae was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia and a member of the Ionian League.

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Kosala

Kosala (कोसल) was an ancient Indian kingdom, corresponding roughly in area with the region of Awadh in present-day Uttar Pradesh.

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Kuru Kingdom

Kuru (कुरु) was the name of a Vedic Aryan tribal union in northern Iron Age India, encompassing the modern-day states of Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand and western part of Uttar Pradesh, which appeared in the Middle Vedic period (c. 1200 – c. 850 BCE) and developed into the first recorded state-level society in South Asia around 1000 BCE, corresponding archaeologically to the Painted Grey Ware culture.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lesbos

Lesbos (Λέσβος), sometimes referred to as Mytilini after its capital, is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea.

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Libya

Libya (ليبيا) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

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List of Assyrian kings

The list of Assyrian kings is compiled from the Assyrian King List, an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia (modern northern Iraq) with information added from recent archaeological findings.

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List of sovereign states in the 7th century BC

The development of states—large-scale, populous, politically centralized, and socially stratified polities/societies governed by powerful rulers—marks one of the major milestones in the evolution of human societies.

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Lower Egypt

Lower Egypt (Egyptian Arabic:Maṣr El-sofla) is the northernmost region of Egypt: the fertile Nile Delta, between Upper Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea — from El-Aiyat, south of modern-day Cairo, and Zawyet Dahshur.

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Lucius Tarquinius Priscus

Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, or Tarquin the Elder, was the legendary fifth king of Rome from 616 to 579 BC.

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Lydia

Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Λυδία, Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir.

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Lyric poetry

Lyric poetry is a form of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.

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Maarten van Heemskerck

Maerten van Heemskerck or Marten Jacobsz Heemskerk van Veen (1 June 1498 – 1 October 1574) was a Dutch portrait and religious painter, who spent most of his career in Haarlem.

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Magadha

Magadha formed one of the sixteen mahajanapadas (Sanskrit: "Great Countries") of ancient India.

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Mahajanapada

A Mahājanapada (literally "great realm", from maha, "great", and janapada "foothold of a tribe", "country") is one of the sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in ancient India from the sixth centuries BCE to fourth centuries CE.

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Malla (India)

Malla was one of the solasa (16) mahajanapadas of ancient India mentioned in the Anguttara Nikaya.

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Manasseh of Judah

Manasseh (Μανασσῆς; Manasses) was a king of the Kingdom of Judah.

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Marseille

Marseille (locally:; Marselha), also known as Marseilles in English, is a city in France.

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Mathematician

A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

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Matsya Kingdom

Matsya (Sanskrit for "fish") were one of the Indo-Aryan tribes of Vedic India.

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Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for the Maya hieroglyphic script, the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.

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Medes

The Medes (Old Persian Māda-, Μῆδοι, מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (North-western Iran) and who spoke the Median language. Their arrival to the region is associated with the first wave of migrating Iranic Aryan tribes into Ancient Iran from the late 2nd millennium BCE (circa 1000 BC) (the Bronze Age collapse) through the beginning of the 1st millennium BCE (circa 900 BC). This period of migration coincided with a power vacuum in the Near East, with the Middle Assyrian Empire (1365-1020 BC) which had dominated north western Iran and eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus going into a comparative decline, allowing new peoples to pass through and settle. In addition, Elam, the dominant power in Ancient Iran was suffering a period of severe weakness, as was Babylonia to the west. From the 10th to late 7th centuries BCE, the western parts of Media fell under the domination of the vast Neo-Assyrian Empire based in northern Mesopotamia, but which stretched from Cyprus to Ancient Iran, and from the Caucasus to Egypt and Arabia. Assyrian kings such as Tiglath-Pileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, Ashurbanipal and Ashur-etil-ilani imposed Vassal Treaties upon the Median rulers, and also protected them from predatory raids by marauding Scythian and Cimmerian hordes. During the reign of Sinsharishkun (622-612 BC) the Assyrian empire, which had been in a state of constant civil war since 626 BC, began to unravel. Subject peoples, such as the Medes, Babylonians, Chaldeans, Egyptians, Scythians, Cimmerians, Lydians and Arameans quietly ceased to pay tribute to Assyria. An alliance with the Medes and rebelling Babylonians, Scythians, Chaldeans, and Cimmerians, helped the Medes to capture Nineveh in 612 BCE, which resulted in the eventual collapse of the Neo-Assyrian Empire by 605 BC. The Medes were subsequently able to establish their Median kingdom (with Ecbatana as their royal centre) beyond their original homeland and had eventually a territory stretching roughly from northeastern Iran to the Halys River in Anatolia. After the fall of the Assyrian Empire, between 616 BCE and 605 BCE, a unified Median state was formed, which, together with Babylonia, Lydia, and Egypt, became one of the four major powers of the ancient Near East. The Median kingdom was conquered in 550 BCE by Cyrus the Great, who established the Iranian dynasty—the Persian Achaemenid Empire. A few archaeological sites (discovered in the "Median triangle" in western Iran) and textual sources (from contemporary Assyrians and also Greeks in later centuries) provide a brief documentation of the history and culture of the Median state. The Medes had almost the same equipment as the Persians and indeed the dress common to both is not so much Persian as Median. Apart from a few personal names, the language of the Medes is almost entirely unknown. However a number of words from the Median language are still in use, and there are languages being geographically and comparatively traced to the northwestern Iranian language of Median. The Medes had an Ancient Iranian Religion (a form of pre-Zoroastrian Mazdaism or Mithra worshipping) with a priesthood named as "Magi". Later and during the reigns of the last Median kings, the reforms of Zarathustra spread in western Iran. Besides Ecbatana (modern Hamedan), the other cities existing in Media were Laodicea (modern Nahavand) and the mound that was the largest city of the Medes, Rhages (also called Rey), on the outskirts of Shahr Rey, south of Tehran. The fourth city of Media was Apamea, near Ecbatana, whose precise location is unknown. In later periods, Medes and especially Mede soldiers are identified and portrayed prominently in ancient Persian archaeological sites such as Persepolis, where they are shown to have a major role and presence in the military of the Persian Empire's Achaemenid dynasty. According to the Histories of Herodotus, there were six Median tribes: The six Median tribes resided in Media proper, the triangle between Ecbatana, Rhagae and Aspadana, in today's central Iran, the area between Tehran, Isfahan and Hamadan. Of the Median tribes, the Magi resided in Rhaga, modern Tehran. It was a sort of sacred caste, which ministered to the spiritual needs of the Medes. The Paretaceni tribe resided in and around Aspadana, modern Isfahan, the Arizanti lived in and around Kashan and the Busae tribe lived in and around the future Median capital of Ecbatana, modern Hamadan. The Struchates and the Budii lived in villages in the Median triangle.

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Megara

Megara (Μέγαρα) is a historic town and a municipality (pop. 36,924 in 2011) in West Attica, Greece.

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Memphis, Egypt

Memphis (منف; Μέμφις) was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome of Lower Egypt.

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Mettius Fufetius

Mettius Fufetius was a dictator of Alba Longa, an ancient town in central Italy near Rome.

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Milan

Milan (or; Milano; Milanese: Milan), the second-most populous city in Italy, serves as the capital of Lombardy.

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Miletus

Miletus (Milētos; Hittite transcription Millawanda or Milawata (exonyms); Miletus; Milet) was an ancient Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia, near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria.

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Military history of the Neo-Assyrian Empire

Assyria originated in the 23rd century BC, its earliest king Tudiya being a contemporary of Ibrium of Ebla.

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Monarch

A monarch is the sovereign head of state in a monarchy.

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Nabopolassar

Nabopolassar (Akkadian: Nabû-apal-uṣur; 658 BC – 605 BC) was a king of Babylonia and a central figure in the fall of the Assyrian Empire.

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Naval warfare

Naval warfare is combat in and on seas, oceans, or any other major bodies of water such as large lakes and wide rivers.

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Near East

Near East (Proche-Orient) is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.

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Nebuchadnezzar II

Nebuchadnezzar II (ܢܵܒܘܼ ܟܘܼܕܘܼܪܝܼ ܐܘܼܨܘܼܪ; נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר; Ancient Greek: Ναβουχοδονόσωρ; Arabic: نِبُوخَذنِصَّر; c. 634 – 562 BC) was a Chaldean king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who reigned c. 605 BC – 562 BC.

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Necho I

Menkheperre Necho I (Egyptian: Nekau, Greek: Νεχώς Α' or Νεχώ Α', Akkadian: Niku) (? – 664 BCE near Memphis) was a ruler of the Ancient Egyptian city of Sais.

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Necho II

Necho II (sometimes Nekau, Neku, Nechoh, or Nikuu; Greek: Νεχώς Β' or Νεχώ Β') of Kemet was a king of the 26th dynasty of Egypt (c. 610 BC – c. 595 BC).

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Neo-Babylonian Empire

The Neo-Babylonian Empire was a period of Mesopotamian history which began in 626 BC and ended in 539 BC.

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Nineveh

Nineveh (or; Ninua) is an ancient Mesopotamian city located in modern day Iraq; it is on the eastern bank of the Tigris River, and was the capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.

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Nobility

Nobility is a social class that possesses more acknowledged privileges or eminence than most other classes in a society, membership thereof typically being hereditary.

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Nordic Bronze Age

The Nordic Bronze Age (also Northern Bronze Age) is a period of Scandinavian prehistory from c. 1700–500 BC.

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North Africa

North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of Africa.

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Numa Pompilius

Numa Pompilius (753–673 BC; reigned 715–673 BC) was the second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus.

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Palestine (region)

Palestine (فلسطين.,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.

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Panchala

Panchala (पञ्चाल) was the name of an ancient kingdom of northern India, located in the Ganges-Yamuna Doab of the upper Gangetic plain, encompassing the modern-day states of Uttarakhand and western Uttar Pradesh.

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Pankration

Pankration(Greek: παγκράτιον) was a sporting event introduced into the Greek Olympic Games in 648 BC and founded as a blend of boxing and wrestling but with scarcely any rules.

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Paros

Paros (Πάρος; Venetian: Paro) is a Greek island in the central Aegean Sea.

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Phalanx

The phalanx (φάλαγξ, φάλαγγα, phālanga; plural phalanxes or phalanges; Ancient and Modern Greek: φάλαγγες, phālanges) was a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar weapons.

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Pharaoh

Pharaoh (Dictionary Reference: or) is the common title of the kings of Ancient Egypt until the Macedonian conquest.

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Philosopher

A philosopher, in a broad sense, is someone who studies philosophy.

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Phocaea

Phocaea, or Phokaia (Φώκαια; modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia.

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Phrygia

In antiquity, Phrygia (Φρυγία,, Frigya) was a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now Turkey, centered on the Sakarya River.

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Piedras Negras (Maya site)

Piedras Negras is the modern name for a ruined city of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization located on the north bank of the Usumacinta River in the Petén department of Guatemala.

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Poet

A poet is a person who writes poetry.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Printing

Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.

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Psamtik I

Psamtik I (also spelled Psammeticus or Psammetichus; Greek: Ψαμμήτιχος) (r. 664 – 610 BCE), was the first of three kings of that name of the Saite, or Twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt.

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Qi (state)

Qi (Old Chinese: &#42) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.

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Rome

Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.

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Romulus and Remus

Romulus and Remus were the twin brothers and main characters of Rome's foundation myth.

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Royal family

A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family.

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Russia

Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.

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Sappho

Sappho (Attic Greek Σαπφώ, Aeolic Greek Ψάπφω, Psappho) was a Greek lyric poet, born on the island of Lesbos.

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Scandinavia

Scandinavia is a historical and cultural-linguistic region in Northern Europe characterized by a common ethno-cultural North Germanic heritage and related languages.

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Scythians

The Scythians (or; from Greek Σκύθης, Σκύθοι), also known as Scyth, Saka, Sakae, Sacae, Sai, Iskuzai, or Askuzai, were a large group of probably mainly Iranian-speaking "All contemporary historians, archeologists and linguists are agreed that since the Scythian and Sarmatian tribes were of the Iranian linguistic group..." Eurasian nomads who were mentioned by the literate peoples surrounding them as inhabiting large areas in the central Eurasian steppes from about the 9th century BC until about the 1st century BC.

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Sennacherib

Sennacherib (Akkadian: Sîn-ahhī-erība, "Sîn has increased the brothers"), king of Assyria 705 BCE–681 BCE, is remembered for his military campaigns against Babylon and Judah and for his building programs, notably at his capital Nineveh.

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Seven Sages of Greece

The Seven Sages (of Greece) or Seven Wise Men (Greek: οἱ ἑπτὰ σοφοί, hoi hepta sophoi; c. 620 – 550 BC) was the title given by ancient Greek tradition to seven early-6th-century BC philosophers, statesmen, and law-givers who were renowned in the following centuries for their wisdom.

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Shamash-shum-ukin

Shamash-shum-ukin was the Assyrian king of Babylon from 668-648 BC.

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Sicily

Sicily (Sicilia, Old Norse: Sikiley) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy officially referred to as Regione Sicilia.

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Sinsharishkun

Sinsharishkun (Sin-shar-ishkun; Sîn-šarru-iškun, c. 627 – 612 BC), who seems to have been the Saràkos (Saracus) of Berossus, was one of the last kings of the Assyrian empire, followed only by Ashur-uballit II.

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Smyrna

Smyrna (Σμύρνη or Σμύρνα) was an ancient city located at a central and strategic point on the Aegean coast of Anatolia.

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Solar eclipse

As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun.

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Solon

Solon (Σόλων; BC) was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet.

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Stesichorus

Stesichorus (Στησίχορος, Stēsikhoros, c. 640 – 555 BC) was the first great lyric poet of the West.

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Surasena

Surasena (or Sourasena) was an ancient Indian region corresponding to the present-day Braj region in Uttar Pradesh.

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Susa

Susa (fa Shush;; Hebrew שׁוּשָׁן Shushān; Greek: Σοῦσα; ܫܘܫ Shush; Old Persian Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Elamite, First Persian Empire and Parthian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East.

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Syria

Syria (سوريا or سورية, Sūriyā or Sūrīyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia.

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Taharqa

Taharqa was a pharaoh of the Ancient Egyptian 25th dynasty and king of the Kingdom of Kush, which was located in Northern Sudan.

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Tantamani

Tantamani (Assyrian UR-daname) or Tanwetamani (Egyptian) or Tementhes (Greek) (d. 653 BC) was a Pharaoh of Egypt and the Kingdom of Kush located in Northern Sudan and a member of the Nubian or Twenty-fifth dynasty of Egypt.

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Temple in Jerusalem

The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ, Modern:, Tiberian:, Ashkenazi: Beis HaMikdosh; بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds or بيت المقدس: Beit al-Maqdis; Ge'ez: ቤተ መቅደስ: Betä Mäqdäs) was one of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock.

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Thales

Thales of Miletus (Θαλῆς (ὁ Μιλήσιος), Thalēs; 624 – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher and mathematician from Miletus in Asia Minor and one of the Seven Sages of Greece.

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Thasos

Thasos or Thassos (Θάσος) is a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea, close to the coast of Thrace and the plain of the river Nestos but geographically part of Macedonia.

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Thebes, Egypt

Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai), known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about south of the Mediterranean.

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Thrace

Thrace (demonym Thracian; Θρᾴκη, Thrāikē; modern Θράκη, Thráki; Тракия, Trakija; Trakya; in Antiquity also referred to as Europe prior to extending the meaning for the whole continent) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe, centered on the modern borders of Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey.

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Tower of Babel

The Tower of Babel (or; מִגְדַּל בָּבֶל, Migddal Bāḇēl) is a story told in the Book of Genesis of the Tanakh (also referred to as the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament) meant to explain the origin of different languages.

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Tullus Hostilius

Tullus Hostilius (r. 673 BC – 642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome.

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Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt

The Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt, known as the Nubian Dynasty or the Kushite Empire, was the last dynasty of the Third Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt.

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Tyrant

A tyrant (Greek τύραννος, tyrannos), in its modern English usage, is an absolute ruler unrestrained by law or constitution, or one who has usurped legitimate sovereignty.

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Tyrtaeus

Tyrtaeus (Τυρταῖος Tyrtaios) was a Greek lyric poet who composed verses in Sparta around the time of the Second Messenian War, the date of which isn't clearly established—sometime in the latter part of the seventh century BC.

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Ukraine

Ukraine (Україна, tr. Ukraina) is a country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Upper Egypt

Upper Egypt (صعيد مصر, shortened to الصعيد /) is the strip of land, on both sides of the Nile valley, that extends between Nubia, and downriver (northwards) to Lower Egypt.

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Vajji

Vajji (Vṛji) or Vrijji was one of the principal mahājanapadas of ancient India.

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Vatsa

Vatsa (Pali:Vaṁsa, Ardhamagadhi: Vaccha) was one of the solasa (sixteen) Mahajanapadas (great kingdoms) of Uttarapatha of ancient India mentioned in the Anguttara Nikaya it was situated in the Gangatic plain with Kausambi as its capital, now known as Kosam a small town in Uttar Pradesh.

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Zhou dynasty

The Zhou dynasty was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.

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4th century BC

The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC.

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525 BC

No description.

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543 BC

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555 BC

No description.

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558 BC

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600 BC

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600s BC (decade)

No description.

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601 BC

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605 BC

No description.

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606 BC

No description.

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607 BC

No description.

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609 BC

No description.

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610 BC

No description.

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610s BC

No description.

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612 BC

No description.

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613 BC

No description.

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614 BC

No description.

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616 BC

No description.

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618 BC

No description.

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619 BC

No description.

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620s BC

No description.

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622 BC

No description.

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625 BC

No description.

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626 BC

No description.

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627 BC

No description.

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630s BC

No description.

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631 BC

No description.

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632 BC

No description.

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640 BC

No description.

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640s BC

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642 BC

No description.

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643 BC

No description.

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645 BC

No description.

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647 BC

No description.

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648 BC

No description.

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649 BC

No description.

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650 BC

No description.

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650s BC

No description.

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651 BC

No description.

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652 BC

No description.

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653 BC

No description.

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656 BC

No description.

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657 BC

No description.

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660 BC

No description.

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660s BC

No description.

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663 BC

No description.

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664 BC

No description.

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667 BC

No description.

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668 BC

No description.

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669 BC

No description.

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670 BC

No description.

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670s BC

No description.

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671 BC

No description.

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673 BC

No description.

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674 BC

No description.

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675 BC

No description.

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676 BC

No description.

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677 BC

No description.

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680s BC

No description.

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681 BC

No description.

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682 BC

No description.

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687 BC

No description.

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689 BC

No description.

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690 BC

No description.

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690s BC

No description.

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691 BC

No description.

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696 BC

No description.

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697 BC

No description.

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699 BC

No description.

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700 BC

No description.

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710s BC

No description.

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8th century BC

The 8th century BC started the first day of 800 BC and ended the last day of 701 BC.

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Redirects here:

600s BC, 600s BCE, 7th Century BC, 7th century B.C., 7th century BCE, Seventh century BC, Seventh century BCE, Year in Review 7th Century BC, Year in Review 7th century BC.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7th_century_BC

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