44 relations: Aemilia Lepida, Ancient Rome, Anno Domini, Atrebates, August 3, Augustus, Bellum Batonianum, Black Sea, Calendar era, Claudius, Constanța, Dalmatia (Roman province), Eppillus, Fasti (poem), Great Britain, Han dynasty, Illyrians, Julia the Younger, Julian calendar, Leap year starting on Sunday, Livia Medullina, Lucius Aemilius Paullus (consul 1), Lucius Apronius, Marcus Furius Camillus (consul of 8 AD), Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus, Metamorphoses, Middle Ages, Ovid, Parthia, Poet, Roman consul, Roman Empire, Roman numerals, Rome, Sextus Nonius Quinctilianus, Tiberius, Tincomarus, Titus Flavius Sabinus (consul AD 52), Vespasian, Vonones I, Wang Mang, Xin dynasty, 64 BC, 69.
Aemilia Lepida is the name of several ancient Roman women belonging to the gens Aemilia.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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The Atrebates (singular Atrebas) were a Belgic tribe of Gaul and Britain before the Roman conquests.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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The Pannonian or Illyrian Revolt (Bellum Batonianum, "War of the Batons"; Batonov rat, "Baton War") was a series of military conflicts between an Illyrian alliance and the Roman Empire.
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The Black Sea is a sea between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia.
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A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.
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Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
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Constanța, historically known as Tomis (Κωνστάντζα or Κωνστάντια, Konstantia, Кюстенджа or Констанца, Köstence), is the oldest still populated city in Romania.
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Dalmatia was an ancient Roman province.
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Eppillus (Celtic: "little horse") was the name of a Roman client king of the Atrebates tribe of the British Iron Age.
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The Fasti (traditionally known in English as the "Book of Days") is a six-book Latin poem written by the Roman poet Ovid and published in 8 AD.
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Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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The Illyrians (Ἰλλυριοί, Illyrioi; Illyrii or Illyri) were a group of Indo-European tribes in antiquity, who inhabited part of the western Balkans and the south-eastern coasts of the Italian peninsula (Messapia).
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Julia the Younger (Classical Latin: IVLIA•MINOR) or Julilla (little Julia), Vipsania Julia Agrippina, Iulilla, Julia, Augustus' granddaughter, or Julia Caesaris Minor (19 BC – c. AD 29), was a Roman noblewoman of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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This is the calendar for any leap year starting on Sunday, January 1 (dominical letter AG), such as 1956, 1984, 2012, 2040, or 2068.
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Livia Medullina Camilla (fl. 1st century) was the second fiancee of the Emperor Claudius.
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Lucius Aemilius Paullus (c. 37 BC – 14 AD) was the son of Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus (suffect consul 34 BC and later censor) and Cornelia, the elder daughter of Scribonia.
Lucius Apronius was a Roman military commander and a father-in-law of praetor Plautius Silvanus.
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Marcus Furius Camillus, Senator and Consul of 8 AD, was a close friend of the emperor Tiberius.
Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus (64 BC – 8 AD) was a Roman general, author and patron of literature and art.
The Metamorphoses (Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is a Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – AD 17/18), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
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Parthia (𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺, Parθava, 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅, Parθaw, 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥, Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran.
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A poet is a person who writes poetry.
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A consul was the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, and the consulship was considered the highest level of the cursus honorum (the sequential order of public offices through which aspiring politicians sought to ascend).
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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Roman numerals, the numeric system used in ancient Rome, employs combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values.
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Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.
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Sextus Nonius Quinctilianus (fl. 1st century AD) was a Roman Senator who was appointed consul in AD 8.
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Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Dīvī Augustī Fīlius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was a Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
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Tincomarus (a dithematic name form typical of insular and continental Celtic onomastics, analysable as tinco-, perhaps a sort of fish + maro-, "big") was a king of the Iron Age Belgic tribe of the Atrebates who lived in southern central Britain shortly before the Roman invasion.
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Titus Flavius T. f. T. n. Sabinus (d. December 20, AD 69) was a Roman politician and soldier.
Vespasian (Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation: While Vespasian besieged Jerusalem during the Jewish rebellion, emperor Nero committed suicide and plunged Rome into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became the third emperor in April 69. The Roman legions of Roman Egypt and Judaea reacted by declaring Vespasian, their commander, emperor on 1 July 69. In his bid for imperial power, Vespasian joined forces with Mucianus, the governor of Syria, and Primus, a general in Pannonia, leaving his son Titus to command the besieging forces at Jerusalem. Primus and Mucianus led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian took control of Egypt. On 20 December 69, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day Vespasian was declared Emperor by the Roman Senate. Vespasian dated his tribunician years from 1 July, substituting the acts of Rome's senate and people as the legal basis for his appointment with the declaration of his legions, and transforming his legions into an electoral college. Little information survives about the government during Vespasian's ten-year rule. He reformed the financial system at Rome after the campaign against Judaea ended successfully, and initiated several ambitious construction projects. He built the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known today as the Roman Colosseum. In reaction to the events of 68–69, Vespasian forced through an improvement in army discipline. Through his general Agricola, Vespasian increased imperial expansion in Britain. After his death in 79, he was succeeded by his eldest son Titus, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to be directly succeeded by his own natural sonJulius Caesar was succeeded by his adopted son Augustus, but Caesar was not styled an emperor, nor was he Augustus's biological father. and establishing the Flavian dynasty.
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Vonones I of Parthia (ونون یکم), (ΟΝΩΝΗΣ on his coins) ruled the Parthian Empire from about 8 to 12 AD.
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Wang Mang (c. 45 BCE – 6 October 23 CE), courtesy name Jujun (巨君), was a Han Dynasty official who seized the throne from the Liu family and founded the Xin (or Hsin, meaning "renewed") Dynasty (新朝), ruling 9–23 CE.
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The Xin dynasty was a Chinese dynasty (although strictly speaking it had only one emperor) which lasted from 9 to 23 AD.
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Year 64 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
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Year 69 (LXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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