272 relations: ABC News, Advance Digital, AFL–NFL merger, All-America Football Conference, Allegheny Athletic Association, American Broadcasting Company, American exceptionalism, American football at the 1932 Summer Olympics, American Football Conference, American Football League, American football strategy, American Professional Football League, Arena football, Arena Football League, Ashgate Publishing, Asian Federation of American Football, Atlantic Europe, Australian Broadcasting Company, Australian rules football, Ball game, Baltimore Colts (1947–50), BBC, BBC America, BBC News, BBC Sport, BCS controversies, Blocking (American football), Bowl Alliance, Bowl Championship Series, Bowl Coalition, Bruise, Canadian football, Canadian Football League, Captain (sports), CBC Sports, Center (gridiron football), Chain crew, Chronic traumatic encephalopathy, Cleveland Browns, CNN Sports Illustrated, Coin flipping, College football, College Football Playoff, Columbia University, Comparison of American and Canadian football, Comparison of American football and rugby union, Concussion, Concussions in American football, Continental Indoor Football League, Conversion (gridiron football), ..., Cornerback, Cortland Finnegan, Defensive back, Defensive end, Dementia, Demonstration sport, Down (gridiron football), Duke University, Eastern United States, EFAF Challenge Cup, EFAF Cup, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Eskimo, ESPN.com, Eurobowl, Europe, European Federation of American Football, European Football League, Fair catch, Fantasy football (American), Field goal, Field goal range, Flag football, Flying wedge, Football (word), Football helmet, For Dummies, Formation (American football), Forward pass, Foxsports.com, Free substitution, Fullback (gridiron football), Fumble, Gene Wojciechowski, Glossary of American football, Gram, Gregg Easterbrook, Gridiron (cooking), Gridiron football, Guard (American and Canadian football), Gunner (American football), Half-time, Halfback (American football), Harris Interactive, Hash marks, High school football, Holder (gridiron football), Holding (American football), Human Kinetics (publisher), IFAF Flag Football World Championship, IFAF U-19 World Cup, IFAF Women's World Championship, IFAF World Championship, Indianapolis Colts, Indoor American football, Indoor Football League, Ineligible receiver downfield, Interception, International Business Times, International Federation of American Football, International Olympic Committee, Japan, Joe Namath, John Heisman, Joint dislocation, Kickoff (gridiron football), Kickoff returner, Knee pad, Larry Fitzgerald, Library of Congress, Linebacker, List of American and Canadian football leagues, List of American football stadiums by capacity, List of college bowl games, List of states and territories of the United States, Lists of American football players, Long snapper, Los Angeles Times, Minor league, Mood disorder, Mouthguard, National Collegiate Athletic Association, National Federation of State High School Associations, National Football Conference, National Football League, National Hockey League, National Post, NBC, NCAA Division I, NCAA Division II, NCAA Division III, Neutral zone (gridiron football), New Brunswick, New Jersey, New Year's Day, New York Giants, New York Jets, NFL Europe, NFL International Series, Nigel Melville, North America, Northeastern University, Notre Dame Fighting Irish football, NPR, Oceania Federation of American Football, Offense (sports), Official (American football), Olympic sports, OregonLive.com, Padding, Pan American Federation of American Football, Parkinson's disease, Pass interference, Paul Rusch, Penalty (gridiron football), Penalty flag, Phoenix New Times, Pittsburgh Athletic Club (football), Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Placekicker, Play clock, Pop Warner Little Scholars, Popular Mechanics, Pottsville Maroons, Pounds per square inch, Premier League, Princeton Tigers football, Pro Football Hall of Fame, Professional football (gridiron), Professional Football Researchers Association, Profootballtalk.com, Punt (gridiron football), Punt returner, Punter (football), Quarterback, Quarterback sack, Refrigerator, Rice Bowl, Rose Bowl Game, Rugby football, Rugby sevens, Rugby union, Rush (gridiron football), Rutgers Scarlet Knights football, Rutgers University, Safety (gridiron football position), Safety (gridiron football score), San Francisco 49ers, Scrum (rugby), Semi-professional, Shoulder pads, Single (football), Skull fracture, Snap (gridiron football), South China Morning Post, Southern Indoor Football League, Southern United States, Spheroid, Sports Illustrated, Sports in the United States, Sprain, Steroid use in American football, Strain (injury), Substitution (sport), Super Bowl, Super Bowl XLIX, Super Bowl XLVI, Team sport, Texas, Thanksgiving (United States), The Carillon, The Economist, The Independent, The Japan Times, The Local, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Theodore Roosevelt, Tight end, Time (magazine), Tokyo, Toronto Star, Touch football (American), Touchdown, Try, Turnover (gridiron football), Turnover on downs, Two-minute warning, Two-point conversion, UEFA Europa League, Ultimate Indoor Football League, Uniform number (American football), United Football League (2009–12), United States, United States dollar, United States Football League, University of Delaware Press, University of Michigan, UPN, USA Football, USA Rugby, USA Today, Vince Lombardi Trophy, Vince McMahon, Walter Camp, Washington, D.C., Whistle, Wide receiver, William Heffelfinger, World Football League, World Rugby, World War II, X-League, XFL, 1869 New Jersey vs. Rutgers football game, 1876 college football season, 1880 college football season, 1958 NFL Championship Game, 1964 American Football League season, 1970 NFL season, 2009 Pro Bowl, 2011 NFL season, 2012 UFL season. 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ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of the Walt Disney Company.
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Advance Digital provides sales and content strategy, product development and technology to the Advance Local media group, part of Advance Publications.
The AFL–NFL merger was the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States at the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL).
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The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949.
The Allegheny Athletic Association was an athletic club that fielded the first ever professional American football player and later the first fully professional football team.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) (stylized in its logo as abc since 1962) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is owned by the Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
American exceptionalism is the theory that the United States is inherently different from other nations.
American football was a demonstration sport at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.
The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL).
The American Football League (AFL) was a major professional American football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when it merged with the National Football League (NFL).
American football strategy concerns the deployment of offensive, defensive, and special teams players and the execution of plays in American football.
The American Professional Football League (APFL) was an indoor football league that was founded in 2003.
Arena football is a variety of indoor gridiron football played by the Arena Football League (AFL).
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The Arena Football League (AFL) is the highest level of professional indoor American football in the United States.
Ashgate Publishing is an academic book and journal publisher based in Farnham (Surrey, United Kingdom).
The Asian Federation of American Football (AFAF) is the governing body of American football in Asia.
Atlantic Europe is a geographical and anthropological term for the western portion of Europe which borders the Atlantic Ocean.
The Australian Broadcasting Company was a consortium of entertainment interests formed in 1929 to supply radio programs for broadcast on the former "A-class" transmitters contracted to the Federal Government's National Broadcasting Service.
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, also called football, footy, or Aussie rules (and in some regions marketed as AFL after the Australian Football League, the pre-eminent and fully professional Australian football league in the country), is a sport played between two teams of eighteen players on the field of either an Australian football ground, a modified cricket field, or a similarly sized sports venue.
Ball games, or ball sports, are any form of game or sport which feature a ball as part of play.
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The Baltimore Colts were a professional American football team based in Baltimore, Maryland.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.
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BBC America is a digital cable and satellite television network in the United States which is jointly owned by the BBC Worldwide and AMC Networks.
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BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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BBC Sport is a department of the BBC North division providing national sports coverage for BBC Television, radio and online.
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The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system designed, through polls and computer statistics, to determine a No.
In American football, blocking is a legal move occurring when one player obstructs another player's path with his body.
The Bowl Alliance was an agreement among college football bowl games (specifically the Sugar, Orange, and Fiesta Bowls) for the purpose of trying to match the top two teams in a national championship bowl game and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences.
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The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of American college football, including an opportunity for the top two teams to compete in the BCS National Championship Game.
The Bowl Coalition was formed through an agreement among Division I-A college football bowl games and conferences for the purpose of forcing a national championship game between the top two teams and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences.
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A bruise (layman's term), also called a contusion (medical term), is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues.
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Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wideTable of exact conversions attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area (end zone).
The Canadian Football League (CFL; Ligue canadienne de football, LCF) is a professional sports league in Canada.
In team sports, captain is a title given to a member of the team.
CBC Sports is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for English-language sports broadcasting.
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Center (C) is a position in American football and Canadian football (in the latter the position is spelled centre, following Commonwealth spelling conventions).
In gridiron football, the chain crew (commonly known as the "chain gang") are three people, each of whom holds vertically a signal on a pole on one of the sidelines.
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Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a form of encephalopathy that is a progressive degenerative disease, which can currently only be definitively diagnosed postmortem.
The Cleveland Browns are a professional American football franchise in Cleveland, Ohio, who are members of the North division of the American Football Conference (AFC) of the National Football League (NFL).
CNN Sports Illustrated (CNNSI) was a 24-hour sports news channel.
Coin flipping, coin tossing, or heads or tails is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to choose between two alternatives, sometimes to resolve a dispute between two parties.
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College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities.
The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason tournament in American college football for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS).
Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
American and Canadian football are gridiron codes of football that are very similar.
A comparison of American football and rugby union is possible because of the games' shared origins, despite their dissimilarities.
Concussion, from the Latin concutere ("to shake violently") or concussus ("action of striking together"), is the most common type of traumatic brain injury.
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Debate regarding the health effects of concussions on American football players has caused considerable controversy.
The Continental Indoor Football League (CIFL) is an indoor football league based along the Midwestern United States region that played nine seasons from 2006 to 2014 before returning for the 2016 season.
The try (American football, also known as point(s) after touchdown, PAT) or convert (Canadian football) occurs immediately after a touchdown during which the scoring team is allowed to attempt to score one extra point by kicking the ball through the uprights in the manner of a field goal, or two points by bringing the ball into the end zone in the manner of a touchdown; depending on league rules, one point may also be scored by manner of a safety.
A cornerback (CB) (also referred to as a corner) is a member of the defensive backfield or secondary in American and Canadian football.
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Cortland Temujin Finnegan (born February 2, 1984) is a former American football cornerback who played in the National Football League (NFL).
In American football and Canadian football, defensive backs (DBs) are the players on the defensive team who take positions somewhat back from the line of scrimmage; they are distinguished from the defensive line players and linebackers, who take positions directly behind or close to the line of scrimmage.
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Defensive end (DE) is a defensive position in the sport of American and Canadian football.
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Dementia, also known as senility, is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.
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A demonstration sport is a sport which is played to promote it, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events.
A down is a period in which a play transpires in American and Canadian football.
Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, United States.
The Eastern United States or the American East, is today defined by some as the states east of the Mississippi River, and is traditionally divided by the Ohio River and Appalachian Mountains into the South, the Old Northwest and the Northeast.
The EFAF Challenge Cup is an international competition for European American Football clubs.
The EFAF Cup is an international competition for European American Football clubs.
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Encyclopædia Britannica Online is the website of the Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. and its Encyclopædia Britannica, with more than 120,000 articles that are updated regularly.
The Eskimo are the indigenous peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia), across Alaska (United States), Canada, and Greenland.
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ESPN.com is the official website of ESPN and a division of ESPN Inc..
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The Eurobowl is both the final game and the trophy of the BIG6 European Football League (BIG6), a European American football contest.
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Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
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The European Federation of American Football (EFAF) was a former governing body of American football in Europe.
The European Football League (EFL) is a European Cup style tournament for European American Football teams affiliated to EFAF (European Federation of American Football).
A fair catch is a feature of American football and several other codes of football, in which a player attempting to catch a ball kicked by the opposing team – either on a kickoff or punt – is entitled to catch the ball without interference from any member of the kicking team.
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Fantasy football is a statistical game in which players compete against each other by managing groups of real players or position units selected from American football teams.
A field goal is a means of scoring in American football and Canadian football.
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Field goal range is the part of the field in American football where there is a good chance that a field goal attempt will be successful.
Flag football is a version of American football or Canadian football where the basic rules of the game are similar to those of the mainstream game (often called "tackle football" for contrast), but instead of tackling players to the ground, the defensive team must remove a flag or flag belt from the ball carrier ("deflagging") to end a down.
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A flying wedge (also called flying V or wedge formation, or simply wedge) is a configuration created from a body moving forward in a triangular formation.
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The English word football may mean any one of several team sports (or the ball used in that respective sport), depending on the national or regional origin and location of the person using the word.
The football helmet is a piece of protective equipment used mainly in American football and Canadian football.
For Dummies is an extensive series of instructional/reference books which are intended to present non-intimidating guides for readers new to the various topics covered.
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A formation in American football refers to the position players line up in before the start of a down.
In several forms of football a forward pass is a throwing of the ball in the direction that the offensive team is trying to move, towards the defensive team's goal line.
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FoxSports.com provides sports news, scores, sports statistics, sports and entertainment video, sports fantasy leagues and fantasy information.
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Free substitution is a rule in some sports that allows players to enter and leave the game for other players many times during the course of the game; and for coaches to bring in and take out players an unlimited number of times.
A fullback (FB) is a position in the offensive backfield in American and Canadian football, and is one of the two running back positions along with the halfback.
A fumble in American and Canadian football occurs when a player who has possession and control of the ball loses it before being downed (tackled) or scoring.
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Gene Wojciechowski is a sports writer, best known for his work with ESPN.
The following terms are used in American football and Canadian football.
The gram (alternative British English spelling: gramme; SI unit symbol: g) (Greek/Latin root grámma) is a metric system unit of mass.
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Gregg Edmund Easterbrook (born March 3, 1953) is an American writer, and a contributing editor of both The New Republic and The Atlantic Monthly.
A gridiron is a metal grate with parallel bars typically used for grilling meat, fish, vegetables, or combinations of such foods.
Gridiron football, or North American football, is a form of football primarily played in the United States and Canada.
In American and Canadian football, a guard (G) is a player who lines up between the center and the tackles on the offensive line of a football team on the line of scrimmage.
In American football, a gunner, also known as a shooter, flyer, headhunter, or kamikaze, is a player on kickoffs and punts who specializes in running down the sideline very quickly in an attempt to tackle the kick or punt returner.
In some team sports such as association football and rugby, matches are played in two halves.
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A halfback is the holder of an offensive position in American football whose duties involve lining up in the backfield and carrying the ball on most running plays in formations such as the veer variant of the wishbone.
Harris Interactive, headquartered in Rochester, New York, was a market research firm, known for The Harris Poll.
Hash marks are short lines, running perpendicular to sidelines or sideboards, used to mark locations, primarily in sports.
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High school football is gridiron football played by high school teams in the United States and Canada also by American High school teams in Europe.
In American football and Canadian football, the holder is the player who receives the snap from the long snapper during field goal attempts made by the placekicker.
In gridiron football, holding is the illegal restraining of another player who is not in possession of the ball.
Human Kinetics is a publisher specializing in the physical activity field.
The IFAF Flag Football World Championship is the international championship in flag football, organized by International Federation of American Football.
The IFAF U19 World Cup is the world championship of American football for players under the age of 19 organized by the International Federation of American Football.
The IFAF Women's World Championship is the international championship for women in American football.
The IFAF World Championship of American Football (also known as the IFAF World Cup) is an international American football competition held every four years and contested by teams representing member nations.
The Indianapolis Colts are an American football team based in Indianapolis, Indiana; they play their games in Lucas Oil Stadium, since 2008.
In the United States, indoor football is football played at ice hockey-sized indoor arenas (besides for certain NFL teams which have large indoor stadiums, such as the New Orleans Saints who play in the Mercedes-Benz Superdome).
The Indoor Football League is a professional Indoor Football league created in 2008 out of the merger between the Intense Football League and United Indoor Football.
In gridiron football, ineligible receiver downfield is a penalty that is called when a forward pass is thrown and an ineligible receiver is beyond the line of scrimmage without blocking an opponent at the time of the pass.
In ball-playing competitive team sports, an interception or pick is a move by a player involving a pass of the ball — whether by foot or hand, depending on the rules of the sport — in which the ball is intended for a player of the same team but caught by a player of the opposing team, who thereby usually gains possession of the ball for their team.
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The International Business Times is an online news publication, comprising seven national editions and four languages.
International Federation of American Football (IFAF) is the international governing body of American football associations.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité international olympique, CIO) is an international, non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre, Baron de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president.
Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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Joseph William "Joe" Namath (born May 31, 1943), nicknamed "Broadway Joe" or "Joe Willie", is a former American football quarterback and actor.
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John William Heisman (October 23, 1869 – October 3, 1936) was an American player and coach of football, basketball, and baseball.
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A joint dislocation, or luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet.
A kickoff is a method of starting a drive in American football and Canadian football.
In American and Canadian football, a kick returner (KR) is the player on special teams who is primarily responsible to catch kickoffs and attempts to return them in the opposite direction.
Kneepads or knee pads are protective gear worn on knees to protect them against impact injury from falling to the ground or hitting an obstacle, or to provide padding for extended kneeling.
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Larry Darnell Fitzgerald, Jr. (born August 31, 1983) is an American football wide receiver for the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League (NFL).
The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.
A linebacker (LB) is a playing position in American football and Canadian football.
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This is a list of current and defunct leagues of American football and Canadian football.
The following is an incomplete list of current American football stadiums.
The following is a list of current, defunct, and proposed college football bowl games.
The United States of America is a federal republic consisting of 50 states, one federal district (Washington, D.C.), and one incorporated territory (Palmyra Atoll).
Lists of American football players include.
In American football and Canadian football, the term long snapper refers to a center whose duty is to snap the football over a longer distance, typically around 15 yards during punts, and 7-8 yards during field goals and extra point attempts.
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The Los Angeles Times, commonly referred to as the Times, is a paid daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881.
Minor leagues are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports.
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Mood disorder is a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders classification system where a disturbance in the person's mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature.
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A mouthguard is a protective device for the mouth that covers the teeth and gums to prevent and reduce injury to the teeth, arches, lips and gums.
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The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit association which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions; conferences; organizations; and individuals.
The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) is the body that writes the rules of competition for most high school sports and activities in the United States.
The National Football Conference (NFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL).
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league composed of 30 member clubs: 23 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
The National Post is an Canadian English-language newspaper based in Toronto, Canada.
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The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American commercial broadcast television and radio network that is the flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
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Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
Division II is an intermediate-level division of competition in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
Division III (or DIII) is a division of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) of the United States.
In gridiron football, the neutral zone is an area in which no member of either team may be, other than the person holding the ball.
New Brunswick is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States.
New Year's Day is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
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The New York Giants are a professional American football team located in the New York metropolitan area.
The New York Jets are a professional American football team located in the New York metropolitan area.
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The World League of American Football (shortened to WLAF or World LeagueThe abbreviation "World League" was often used in /// in 1991 and 1992, but "World League of American Football" was often used on TV and posters), later renamed the NFL Europe League and then NFL Europa (usually known as NFL Europe for short), was a professional American football league which operated between 1991 and 2007.
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Beginning with the 2007 season, the National Football League (NFL) has hosted regular season American football games outside of the United States every year in a series known as the NFL International Series.
Nigel David Melville (born 6 January 1961) is a former England national rugby union team scrum half and captain, and has served as the CEO of USA Rugby since 2006.
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North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.
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Northeastern University (NU or NEU) is a private, research university in Boston, Massachusetts, established in 1898.
The Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team is the intercollegiate football team representing the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana.
National Public Radio (NPR) is a privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization that serves as a national syndicator to a network of 900 public radio stations in the United States.
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The Oceania Federation of American Football is the governing body of American football in Oceania.
In sports, offense (US) or offence (Can.) (see spelling differences; pronounced with first-syllable stress), also known as attack, is the action of attacking or engaging an opposing team with the objective of scoring points or goals.
In American football, an official is a person who has responsibility in enforcing the rules and maintaining the order of the game.
Olympic sports are sports contested in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games.
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OregonLive.com is the online home of The Oregonian and The Hillsboro Argus.
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Padding is thin cushioned material sometimes added to clothes.
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The Pan American Federation of American Football is the American Football federation that qualifies teams from North America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America in the IFAF World Cup.
Parkinson's disease (PD, also known as idiopathic or primary parkinsonism, hypokinetic rigid syndrome (HRS), or paralysis agitans) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system mainly affecting the motor system.
In American and Canadian gridiron football, pass interference (PI) is a foul that occurs when a player interferes with an eligible receiver's ability to make a fair attempt to catch a forward pass.
Paul Frederick Rusch (1897 – 1979) was a lay missionary of the Anglican Church in Japan.
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In American football and Canadian football, a penalty is a sanction called against a team for a violation of the rules, called a foul.
The penalty flag (or "flag") is a yellow cloth used in several field sports including American football and lacrosse by game officials to identify and sometimes mark the location of penalties or infractions that occur during regular play.
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The Phoenix New Times is a free, weekly Phoenix, Arizona newspaper, put out every Thursday.
The Pittsburgh Athletic Club or the Pittsburg Athletic Club football team, established in 1891, was based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, also known simply as the "PG", is the largest daily newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
Placekicker, or simply kicker (PK or K), is the player in American and Canadian football who is responsible for the kicking duties of field goals and extra points.
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A play clock, also called a delay-of-game timer, is a timer designed to increase the pace – and subsequently, the scoring – in American football and Canadian football, similar to what a shot clock does in basketball.
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Pop Warner Little Scholars (also known as Pop Warner, Pop Warner Football) is a non-profit organization that provides youth football, cheerleading, and dance programs for participants in 43 U.S. states and several countries around the world.
Popular Mechanics is a classic magazine of popular technology.
The Pottsville Maroons were an American football team based in Pottsville, Pennsylvania.
The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (abbreviations: psi, lbf/in2, lbf/in2, lbf/sq in, lbf/sq in) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units.
The Premier League is an English professional league for men's association football clubs.
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The Princeton Tigers football program represents Princeton University college football at the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA).
The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame for professional football in the United States with an emphasis on the National Football League (NFL).
In the United States and Canada, the term professional football includes the professional forms of American and Canadian gridiron football.
The Professional Football Researchers Association (PFRA) is an organization of researchers whose mission is to preserve and, in some cases, reconstruct professional football history.
Profootballtalk.com is a news and rumor website that focuses on the National Football League.
In American and Canadian football, a punt is a kick performed by dropping the ball from the hands and then kicking the ball before it hits the ground.
Punt Returner (PR) is a position on special teams in American football.
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A punter (P) in American or Canadian football is a special teams player who receives the snapped ball directly from the line of scrimmage and then punts (kicks) the football to the opposing team so as to limit any field position advantage.
Quarterback (commonly abbreviated to QB) is a position in American and Canadian football.
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In American football and Canadian football, a sack occurs when the quarterback (or another offensive player acting as a passer) is tackled behind the line of scrimmage before he can throw a forward pass, when the quarterback is tackled behind the line of scrimmage in the "pocket" and his intent is unclear, or when a passer runs out of bounds behind the line of scrimmage due to defensive pressure.
A refrigerator (colloquially fridge) is a common household appliance that consists of a thermally insulated compartment and a heat pump (mechanical, electronic or chemical) that transfers heat from the inside of the fridge to its external environment so that the inside of the fridge is cooled to a temperature below the ambient temperature of the room.
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The Rice Bowl is an annual American Football national championship game held in Japan every January 3rd that pits the champion of the Kansai Collegiate American Football League and the champion of the corporate X-League.
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The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Year's Day) at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California.
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Rugby football is a style of football that developed at Rugby School in Rugby, Warwickshire and was one of many versions of football played at English public schools during the 19th century.
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Rugby sevens, also known as seven-a-side, Sevens or VIIs, is a variant of rugby union in which teams are made up of seven players, instead of the usual 15, with shorter matches.
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Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
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Rushing has two different meanings in gridiron football.
The Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team represents Rutgers University in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA).
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is an American public research university and the largest institution for higher education in New Jersey.
Safety (S) is a position in American and Canadian football, played by a member of the defense.
In gridiron football, the safety (American football) or safety touch (Canadian football) is a scoring play that results in two points being awarded to the scoring team.
The San Francisco 49ers are a professional American football team located in the San Francisco Bay Area.
A scrum (short for scrummage) is a method of restarting play in rugby that involves players packing closely together with their heads down and attempting to gain possession of the ball.
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A semi-professional athlete is one who is not normally paid, and for whom the sport is not a full-time occupation.
Shoulder pads are a piece of protective equipment used in many contact sports such as American football, Canadian football, lacrosse and hockey.
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In Canadian football, a single (single point, or rouge), scoring one point, is awarded when the ball is kicked into the end zone by any legal means, other than a successful field goal, and the receiving team does not return, or kick, the ball out of its end zone.
A skull fracture is a break in one or more of the eight bones that form the cranial portion of the skull, usually occurring as a result of blunt force trauma.
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A snap (colloquially called a "hike", "snapback", or "pass from center") is the backwards passing of the ball in American and Canadian football at the start of play from scrimmage.
The South China Morning Post ('SCMP' or 'the Post'), together with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper with a circulation of 104,000, published by the SCMP Group.
The Southern Indoor Football League (SIFL) was an indoor football league based in the Southern and Eastern United States.
The Southern United States—commonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South—is a region of the United States of America.
A spheroid, or ellipsoid of revolution, is a quadric surface obtained by rotating an ellipse about one of its principal axes; in other words, an ellipsoid with two equal semi-diameters.
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Sports Illustrated is an American sports media franchise owned by Time Inc. Its self-titled magazine has over 3 million subscribers and is read by 23 million people each week, including over 18 million men.
Sports in the United States are an important part of the country's culture.
A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion.
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National Football League (NFL).
A strain is an injury to a muscle in which the muscle fibers tear as a result of overstretching.
In team sports, substitution (or interchange) is replacing one player with another during a match.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL), the highest level of professional football in the United States, culminating a season that begins in the late summer of the previous calendar year.
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Super Bowl XLIX was an American football game played to determine the champion of the National Football League (NFL) for the 2014 season.
Super Bowl XLVI was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion New York Giants and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion New England Patriots to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2011 season.
A team sport includes any sport which involves players working together towards a shared objective.
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Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second most populous and second largest state of the United States of America.
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Thanksgiving, or Thanksgiving Day, is a holiday celebrated in the United States on the fourth Thursday in November.
The Carillon is the student published newspaper at the University of Regina in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.
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The Economist is an English-language weekly newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices in London.
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The Independent is a British national morning newspaper published in London by Independent Print Limited, owned by Alexander Lebedev since 2010.
The Japan Times is an English-language newspaper published in Japan by, a subsidiary of Nifco, a leading manufacturer of plastic fasteners for the automotive and home design industries.
The Local is an English-language digital news publisher with local editions in Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, Austria and Italy.
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The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
The Wall Street Journal is a business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919), often referred to as Teddy or TR, was an American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist, and reformer who served as the 26th President of the United States, from 1901 to 1909.
The tight end (TE) is a position in American football, Arena football, and formerly Canadian football, on the offense.
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Time (styled within the magazine as TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.
(), officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, and is both the capital and largest city of Japan.
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The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper.
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Touch football is a variant of American football in which the basic rules are similar to those of the mainstream game (called "tackle football" for contrast), but instead of tackling players to the ground, the person carrying the ball need only be touched by a member of the opposite team to end a down.
A touchdown is a means of scoring in American and Canadian football.
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A try is a way of scoring points in rugby union and rugby league football.
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In gridiron football, a turnover occurs when the team with the ball loses possession of the ball without kicking it, which is then gained by the other team.
In American football and Canadian football, a turnover on downs occurs when a team has used up its allotment of downs but has not progressed downfield enough to earn another set of downs.
In the National Football League (NFL), the two-minute warning is given when two minutes of game time remain on the game clock in each half of a game, i.e. near the end of the second and fourth quarters.
In American and Canadian football, a two-point conversion or two-point convert is a play a team attempts instead of kicking a one-point conversion immediately after it scores a touchdown.
The UEFA Europa League, previously called the UEFA Cup, is an annual association football club competition organized by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs.
The Ultimate Indoor Football League (UIFL) was a regional professional indoor football league that began its inaugural season on February 18, 2011 as the Ultimate Indoor Football League before playing as the United Indoor Football League in 2012, then switched back to "Ultimate" for the 2013 season.
The uniform numbers in American football are unusual compared to those in any other sport.
The United Football League (UFL) was a professional American football league based in the United States that began play in October 2009 and played four seasons, the most recent being cut short in October 2012.
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.
The United States Football League (USFL) was an American football league that played for three seasons, 1983 through 1985.
The University of Delaware Press (UDP) is a publishing house and a department of the University of Delaware in the United States, whose main campus is at Newark, Delaware, where the University Press is also based.
The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.
The United Paramount Network (UPN) was an American broadcast television network that launched on January 16, 1995.
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USA Football is the national governing body for amateur American football in the United States.
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USA Rugby is the national governing body for the sport of rugby union in the United States.
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USA Today is a national American daily middle-market newspaper published by the Gannett Company.
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The Vince Lombardi Trophy is the trophy awarded each year to the winning team of the National Football League's championship game, the Super Bowl.
Vincent Kennedy "Vince" McMahon (born August 24, 1945) is an American professional wrestling promoter, former announcer, commentator, film producer, actor, and occasional professional wrestler.
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Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was an American football player, coach, and sports writer known as the "Father of American Football".
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Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
An aerodynamic whistle (or call) is a simple aerophone, an instrument which produces sound from a stream of gas, most commonly air.
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A wide receiver is an offensive position in American and Canadian football, and is the key player in most of the passing plays.
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William "Pudge" Walter Heffelfinger (December 20, 1867 – April 2, 1954) was an American football player and coach.
The World Football League (WFL) was a short-lived American football league that played in 1974 and part of 1975.
World Rugby (WR) is the world governing body for the sport of rugby union.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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The X League is the top-level American football league in Japan.
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XFL, LLC was a single entity professional American football league operated as the XFL, founded by World Wrestling Federation (now World Wrestling Entertainment) owner Vince McMahon.
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The 1869 New Jersey vs.
The 1876 college football season had no clear-cut champion, with the Official NCAA Division I Football Records Book listing Yale as having been selected national champions.
The 1880 college football season had no clear-cut champion, with the Official NCAA Division I Football Records Book listing Princeton and Yale as having been selected national champions.
The 1958 National Football League Championship Game was played on December 28, 1958 at Yankee Stadium in New York City.
The 1964 American Football League season was the fifth regular season of the American Football League.
The 1970 NFL season was the 51st regular season of the National Football League, and the first one after the AFL-NFL Merger.
The 2009 Pro Bowl was the NFL's all-star game for the 2008 season.
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The 2011 NFL season was the 92nd regular season of the National Football League.
The 2012 UFL season was the fourth and final season of the United Football League.
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