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April 2004

The following events occurred in April 2004. [1]

644 relations: Abbotsford, British Columbia, Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi, Abdul Rashid Dostum, Abdul-Aziz al-Samarrai Mosque, Abergavenny, ABN AMRO, Abortion in the United States, Abu Ghraib prison, Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Accounting, Adán Sánchez, Administrative divisions of Cambodia, Afghanistan, African American, African National Congress, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Ahmed Chalabi, Ahmed Yassin, Aircraft hijacking, Airplane, Al Arabiya, Al Jazeera, Al-Adala, Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, Al-Aqsa Mosque, Al-Qaeda, Alan Kay, Albert Einstein, Alien (law), Alliance, Alliance for Restoration of Democracy, Amateur, American Broadcasting Company, American Civil Liberties Union, American Institute in Taiwan, Amman, Ammonium nitrate, Annan Plan for Cyprus, Anti-aircraft warfare, Antisemitism, Apartheid, Apple Inc., Arab League, Arabs, Area, Argentina, Ariel Sharon, Arjan Erkel, Armed forces, ..., Arms industry, Arrest, Arrest warrant, Arsenal F.C., Artūras Paulauskas, Assassination, Association football, Association for Computing Machinery, Association of Muslim Scholars, Astronomer, Asure Software, Auditor, Austin American-Statesman, Austrian presidential election, 2004, AVE, Avian influenza, Baghdad, Ban (law), Bangkok, Bangladesh, Basketball, Basra, Battalion, Behzad Nabavi, Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Bethlehem, Beverley Hughes, Bihar, Bill (law), Bill Clinton, Bill Gates, Binyamin Elon, Bird migration, Bisexuality, Black box, Blindfold, Bob Edwards, Bob Woodward, Bodyguard, Boston Marathon, Breathing, Brian Lara, British Columbia, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Bulgaria, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureaucracy, Cabinet (government), Cable television, Cairo, CAN-SPAM Act of 2003, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Capital city, Carbon dioxide, Casualties of the Iraq War, Ceasefire, Central Intelligence Agency, Chain store, Chairman, Channel Tunnel, Chemical weapon, Chess, Chicken, Chief Executive of Hong Kong, China, Christian, Chung Dong-young, Church (building), Circle MRT Line, Citizenship, City, Clergy, CNN, Coalition Provisional Authority, Coat of arms, Coercion, Cologne, Colombia, Combat, Comcast, Communication, Compass, Condoleezza Rice, Conservatism, Construction, Contamination, Convoy, Copyright, Corporate governance, Counter-terrorism, Cover-up, Crucifixion, Culture, Cypriot Annan Plan referendums, 2004, Cyprus, Dagestan, Daimler AG, Damascus, Daniel J. O'Donnell, Darfur, Death threat, Democracy, Democratic Party (United States), Demonstration (protest), Dennis Kozlowski, Dick Cheney, Diego Maradona, Diplomacy, Diplomat, Direct election, Distribution (business), Donald Rumsfeld, Donation, Dubai, Duma, Dynamite, Earth's magnetic field, Easter, Economist, Economy of Mexico, Economy of the United States, Effi Eitam, El País, El Salvador, Elizabeth II, Emir, Entente Cordiale, Erez Crossing, Ethnic cleansing, Eugene Chien, Euroleague, European Commission, European Parliament, European Union, Eurostar, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Exhaust gas, Explosion, Explosive material, Extravehicular activity, Fabrizio Quattrocchi, Fallujah, Falsity, Family Court of Australia, FARC, Farm, Faroe Islands, Faryab Province, Fatah, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal government of the United States, Felony, Fertilizer, Florida, Fortification, Freedom of the press, Fundamental Rights Agency, Furniture, Gallup (company), Gavyn Davies, Gaza City, Gaza Strip, Gender dysphoria, General officer, General relativity, General strike, Geographical pole, George W. Bush, Georgi Parvanov, Gold, Golf, Good Friday, Google, Governor of New Jersey, Grandmaster (chess), Gravitational microlensing, Gravity Probe B, Greater Manchester, Greenland, Guesstimate, Gulfport, Florida, Gun, Gunshot, Gyroscope, Hacker (computer security), Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Hamas, Harvard University, Heart, Heinz Fischer, Henry Lee (forensic scientist), History of Iraq (2003–11), HIV/AIDS, Homeland, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Basic Law, Hong Kong Journalists Association, Hostage, Human rights in China, Humanitarianism, Hungary, Hutton Inquiry, IBM, Ice sheet, IKEA, Illegal immigration, Impeachment, India, Indian general election, 2004, Indictment, Ingvar Kamprad, Initial public offering, Intelligence assessment, Intensive care medicine, Interior ministry, International Atomic Energy Agency, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, International Space Station, Internet, Iran, Iraq, Iraqi Governing Council, Iraqi insurgency (2003–11), Ireland, Islam, Islamic Consultative Assembly, Islamism, Israel, Israeli disengagement from Gaza, Israeli settlement, Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Italy, Jamie Gorelick, Javed Hashmi, Jemaah Islamiyah, Jerusalem, Jews, Jihad, John Ashcroft, John Howard, John Kerry, Jordan, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Journalism, Journalist, JPEG, Judge, Judicial Yuan, Karbala, Kathmandu, Kenya, Kofi Annan, Kosovo, Kufa, Kurds, Kut, Kyrgyzstan, Lakhdar Brahimi, Landslide, Lansing, Michigan, Latitude, LeasePlan, Leganés, Legislative Council of Hong Kong, Liberalism, Lieutenant general, Light-emitting diode, Linspire, List of rulers of Lithuania, Lithuania, Lockheed AC-130, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Times, Louisville, Kentucky, Luis Ernesto Derbez, Macintosh, Madrid, Magnus Carlsen, Maharashtra, Mammal, Mark Chen, Mars Exploration Rover, Marshall, Texas, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Masters Tournament, Maymana, Médecins Sans Frontières, Mediation, Megan's Law, Member of parliament, Mercosur, Mexico, Michael Grade, Michael Hendricks and René Leboeuf, Michael Jackson, Microsoft, Middle East, Middle East Forum, Miguel Ángel Moratinos, Militant (word), Military alliance, Military intelligence, Military operation, Militia, Minister (government), Minister of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China), Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (Spain), Missile, Missing in action, Mitsubishi Motors, Mordechai Vanunu, Morning Edition, Mortar (weapon), Mosque, Motivation, MRT (Bangkok), Muqtada al-Sadr, Murder of Laci Peterson, Murder of Yaron and Efrat Ungar, Muslim, Muslim world, Mutiny, Myanmar, Myocardial infarction, Najaf, NASA, National Collegiate Athletic Association, National League for Democracy, National People's Congress, National Rifle Association, National Security Advisor (United States), Natural gas, Nature (journal), Néstor Kirchner, NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship, NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship, Neighbourhood, Neil Shubin, Nepal, New Democratic Party, New York City, New York State Assembly, New York State Department of Health, Nick Holonyak, Nightline, North Korea, Norway, NPR, Nuclear weapon, Official, Oil, Oil-for-Food Programme, Oldsmobile, Omar Bakri Muhammad, One-child policy, OPEC, Operating system, Opportunity (rover), OS X, Osama bin Laden, Osmium tetroxide, Ottawa, Outlaw, Pakistan, Palestine Liberation Organization, Palestinian National Authority, Palestinian political violence, Palestinian refugee, Palestinians, Pan-democracy camp, Panjshir Province, Pattani Province, Paul Bremer, Payroll, Peace Companies, Peer-to-peer, Pennsylvania, Peptic ulcer, Persian Gulf, Pervez Musharraf, Phil Mickelson, Philippines, Photograph, Pinniped, Plan, Plan of Attack, Polar regions of Earth, Political corruption, Political divisions of the United States, Politics, Politics of North Korea, Pope, Potential, Prejudice (legal term), President, President of South Korea, President's Daily Brief, Priest, Prime minister, Prime Minister of Spain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Programming language, Progressivism, Pseudonym, Qatar, Quebec, Ramallah, Rebellion, Recycling, Referendum, Refugee, Representation (politics), Republic of China presidential election, 2004, Republic of Macedonia, Republican Party (United States), Research, Resource, Retail, Revenge, Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front, Ricardo Sanchez, Right to keep and bear arms, Right-wing politics, Riyadh, Roadblock, Robert Mugabe, Rocket-propelled grenade, Roh Moo-hyun, Rolandas Paksas, Romano Prodi, Royal Dutch Shell, Ruben Enaje, Rural area, Ryongchon County, Ryongchon disaster, Sacred, Saddam Hussein, Sadr City, Saeb Erekat, Same-sex marriage in Canada, Same-sex marriage in the United States, San Pedro Cutud, Sanctuary, Sanitation, Satellite, Saudi Arabia, SCO Group, Screen-Free Week, Secretary (title), Secretary-General of the United Nations, Sedition, Seimas, Senate (France), September 11 attacks, Serbia and Montenegro, Seville, Sexual abuse, Sexually violent predator laws, Shanghai, Sheikh, Sher Bahadur Deuba, Shia Islam, Shooting, Shrine, Sinclair Broadcast Group, Singapore, Slovak presidential election, 2004, Slum, Smalltalk, Smuggling, Sniper, Sociology, Software patent, Songbird, Songkhla Province, South Africa, South African general election, 2004, South Korea, South Korean legislative election, 2004, South Wales, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, Species, Spirit (rover), Sri Lanka, Sri Lankan parliamentary election, 2004, St. Petersburg Democratic Club (United States), Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Star, State police, Statistic, Strike action, Stuttgart, Suburb, Sudan, Suicide attack, Sunni Islam, Sunset, Suspect, Svend Robinson, Sweden, Syria, Taipei, Taliban, Tehran, Tehran Conference, Tel Aviv, Temple Mount, Terrorism, Terrorism Act 2000, Test cricket, Thabo Mbeki, Thailand, The Simpsons, The Walt Disney Company, The Washington Times, The World's Billionaires, Therese Shaheen, Thomas J. Pickard, Thomas Kean, Threatening terrorism against the United States, Three-peat, Thunder Over Louisville, Time limit, Tire, Toby Studebaker, Toledo, Spain, Ton, Tony Blair, Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Trojan horse (computing), Tunisia, Turing Award, Turkey, Tyco International, Ukraine, Unborn Victims of Violence Act, Unemployment, Uniform, United Kingdom European Constitution referendum, United Nations, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, United Nations Security Council, United Russia, United States Army, United States Department of Labor, United States fifty-dollar bill, United States Marine Corps, United States presidential election, 2004, United States Secretary of Defense, University of Chicago, University of Connecticut, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Urban warfare, Uri Party, USA Today, Uttar Pradesh, Veckans Affärer, Videotape, Virus, Visa (document), Vladimír Mečiar, Voice acting, Volkswagen, Wales, War on Terror, Warrior, Washington, D.C., West Bank, West Indies, Western Wall, Wheelchair, White House, Workshop, World Health Organization, World record, Worship, Wrecking yard, Yala Province, Yangon, Yasser Arafat, Zhao Ziyang, Zimbabwe, 1,000,000,000, 14th Dalai Lama, 1949 Armistice Agreements, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2004 Iraq KBR convoy ambush, 2004 Madrid train bombings, 2004 Pulitzer Prize, 3-19 shooting incident, 9/11 Commission. Expand index (594 more) »

Abbotsford, British Columbia

Abbotsford is a city located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, adjacent to Greater Vancouver.

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Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi

Abdel Aziz Ali Abdul Majid al-Rantisi (23 October 1947 – 17 April 2004), nicknamed the "Lion of Palestine", was the co-founder of the Palestinian movement Hamas along with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin.

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Abdul Rashid Dostum

Abdul Rashid Dostum (Persian: عبدالرشید دوستم) (born 1954) is an Afghanistan warlord and ethnic Uzbek who has served as Vice President of Afghanistan since 2014.

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Abdul-Aziz al-Samarrai Mosque

The Abdul-Aziz al-Samarrai Mosque is a mosque in Fallujah, Iraq that came to worldwide attention when militants holed up inside it directed small-arms and rocket fire at US Marines.

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Abergavenny

Abergavenny (Y Fenni), meaning Mouth of the River Gavenny, is a market town in Monmouthshire, Wales.

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ABN AMRO

ABN AMRO Bank N.V. is a Dutch state-owned bank with headquarters in Amsterdam.

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Abortion in the United States

Abortion in the United States has been and remains one of the most controversial issues in United States culture and politics.

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Abu Ghraib prison

The Baghdad Central Prison (سجن بغداد المركزي), formerly known as Abu Ghraib prison (سجن أبو غريب; also Abu Ghuraib, lit. 'Father of Raven', or 'Place of Ravens') was a prison complex in Abu Ghraib, an Iraqi city 32 km (20 mi) west of Baghdad.

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Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse

During the war in Iraq that began in March 2003, personnel of the United States Army and the Central Intelligence Agency committed a series of human rights violations against detainees in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.

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Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (أبو مصعب الزرقاوي,, Abu Musab from Zarqa; October 20, 1966 – June 7, 2006), born Ahmad Fadeel al-Nazal al-Khalayleh (أحمد فضيل النزال الخلايله) was a militant Islamist from Jordan who ran a paramilitary training camp in Afghanistan.

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Accounting

Accounting or Accountancy is the measurement, processing and communication of financial information about economic entities.

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Adán Sánchez

Adán Santos Sánchez (April 14, 1984 – March 27, 2004) was a popular American singer who performed under the stage name Adan "Chalino" Sánchez, honoring his famous father who was assassinated in 1992.

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Administrative divisions of Cambodia

Cambodia is divided into 24 provinces (ខេត្ត, khaet) (as of January 2014 New Province of Tboung Khmum split off from Kampong Cham Province) and the special administrative unit Phnom Penh (ភ្នំពេញ, Phnom Penh).

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Afghanistan

Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

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African American

African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.

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African National Congress

The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing social democratic political party.

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Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud (Dari Persian: احمد شاه مسعود; September 2, 1953September 9, 2001) was an Afghan political and military leader, who was a powerful military commander during the resistance against the Soviet occupation between 1979 and 1989 and in the following years of civil war.

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Ahmed Chalabi

Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi (أحمد عبد الهادي الجلبي; born 30 October 1944) is an Iraqi politician.

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Ahmed Yassin

Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Hassan Yassin (1937 – 22 March 2004) (الشيخ أحمد إسماعيل حسن ياسين) was a Palestinian imam and politician.

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Aircraft hijacking

Aircraft hijacking (also known as air piracy or aircraft piracy, especially within the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States, and informally as skyjacking) is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group.

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Airplane

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller.

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Al Arabiya

Al Arabiya (العربية, transliterated: or; the name means: "The Arabic One" or "The Arab One") is a Saudi-owned pan-Arab television news channel broadcast in Modern Standard Arabic.

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Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera (الجزيرة, literally "The Peninsula", referring to the Arabian Peninsula), also known as Aljazeera and JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a Doha-based state-funded broadcaster owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network, which is partly funded by the House of Thani, the ruling family of Qatar.

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Al-Adala

Al-Adala football club is an Iraqi football club.

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Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades

The al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades (كتائب شهداء الأقصى Katā'ib Shuhadā' al-'Aqṣā) is a coalition of Palestinian armed groups in the West Bank.

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Al-Aqsa Mosque

Al-Aqsa Mosque (المسجد الاقصى al-Masjid al-Aqṣā,, “the Farthest Mosque”), also known as Al-Aqsa and Bayt al-Muqaddas, is the third holiest site in Islam and is located in the Old City of Jerusalem.

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Al-Qaeda

Al-Qæda (or; القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and several others, at some point between August 1988.

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Alan Kay

Alan Curtis Kay (born May 17, 1940) is an American computer scientist.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.

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Alien (law)

In law, an alien is a person who resides within the borders of a country and is not a national of that country, though definitions and terminology differs to some degree.

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Alliance

An alliance is a pact, coalition or friendship between two or more parties, made in order to advance common goals and to secure common interests.

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Alliance for Restoration of Democracy

The Alliance for the Restoration of Democracy (ARD) comprises the two largest political parties in Pakistan - the Pakistan People’s Party and the Pakistan Muslim League (N).

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Amateur

An amateur (French amateur "lover of", from Old French and ultimately from Latin amatorem nom. amator, "lover") is generally considered a person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science in a non-professional or unpaid manner.

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American Broadcasting Company

The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) (stylized in its logo as abc since 1962) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is owned by the Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.

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American Civil Liberties Union

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a nonpartisan, non-profit organization whose stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States." It works through litigation, lobbying, and community empowerment.

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American Institute in Taiwan

The American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) is a non-profit, private corporation established under the auspices of the United States government to serve its interests in Taiwan.

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Amman

Amman (عمّان), is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, with an estimated population of 4,000,000 and a land area of.

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Ammonium nitrate

The chemical compound ammonium nitrate, the nitrate salt of ammonium, has the chemical formula NH4NO3, simplified to N2H4O3.

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Annan Plan for Cyprus

The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to resolve the Cyprus dispute.

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Anti-aircraft warfare

Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).

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Antisemitism

Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is prejudice against, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews as an ethnic, religious, or racial group.

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Apartheid

Apartheid (an Afrikaans word meaning "the state of being apart", literally "apart-hood") was a system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced through legislation by the National Party (NP), the governing party from 1948 to 1994.

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Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. (commonly known as Apple) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

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Arab League

The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally, the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab countries in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.

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Arabs

Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.

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Area

Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.

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Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon (אריאל שרון;,, also known by his diminutive Arik, אַריק, born Ariel Scheinermann, אריאל שיינרמן‎; February 26, 1928 – January 11, 2014) was an Israeli politician and general who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Israel until he was incapacitated by a stroke.

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Arjan Erkel

Peter-Arjan Erkel (born March 9, 1970 in Prins Alexander, Rotterdam) is a Dutch medical aid worker and was head of the relief mission for Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Dagestan, a constituent republic of Russia.

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Armed forces

The armed forces of a country are its government-sponsored defense, fighting forces, and organizations.

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Arms industry

The arms industry is a global business that manufactures weapons and military technology and equipment.

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Arrest

An arrest is the act of depriving a person of their liberty usually in relation to the purported investigation or prevention of crime and presenting (the arrestee) to a procedure as part of the criminal justice system.

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Arrest warrant

An arrest warrant (also officially called warrant of arrest in the Philippines) is a warrant issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the state, which authorizes the arrest and detention of an individual, or the search and seizure of an individual's property.

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Arsenal F.C.

Arsenal Football Club is a professional football club based in Holloway, London.

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Artūras Paulauskas

Artūras Paulauskas (born 23 August 1953 in Vilnius) is a Lithuanian politician.

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Assassination

Assassination is the murder of a prominent person, often but not always a political leader or ruler, usually for political reasons or payment.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Association for Computing Machinery

The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an international learned society for computing.

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Association of Muslim Scholars

The Association of Muslim Scholars (Arabic: هيئة علماء المسلمين Hayat Al-Ulama Al-Muslimin) is a group of religious leaders in Iraq.

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Astronomer

An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who studies stars, planets, moons, comets, and galaxies, as well as many other celestial objects.

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Asure Software

Asure Software is a software company offering Software As A Service (SaaS) solutions to approximately 5,000 clients worldwide.

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Auditor

A person who is conducting Audit or person appointed by the company to execute the audit is called Auditor.

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Austin American-Statesman

The Austin American-Statesman is the major daily newspaper for Austin, the capital city of Texas.

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Austrian presidential election, 2004

Presidential elections were held in Austria on 25 April 2004.

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AVE

Alta Velocidad Española (AVE) is a service of high-speed rail in Spain operated by Renfe Operadora, the Spanish national railway company, at speeds of up to.

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Avian influenza

Avian influenza — known informally as avian flu or bird flu — refers to "influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.""Avian influenza strains are those well adapted to birds".

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Baghdad

Baghdad (بغداد, Iraqi pronunciation) is the capital of the Republic of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Province.

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Ban (law)

A ban is, generally, any decree that prohibits something.

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Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital and the most populous city of Thailand.

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Bangladesh

Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ,, lit. "The land of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Basketball

Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.

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Basra

Basra, also written Basrah (البصرة; BGN: Al Başrah), is the capital of Basra Governorate, located on the Shatt al-Arab river in southern Iraq between Kuwait and Iran.

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Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

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Behzad Nabavi

Behzad Nabavi (بهزاد نبوی) is an Iranian reformist politician.

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Benita Ferrero-Waldner

Benita Ferrero-Waldner (born 5 September 1948) is an Austrian diplomat and politician, and a member of the conservative Austrian People's Party (ÖVP).

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Bethlehem

Bethlehem (بيت لحم "House of Meat", בֵּית לֶחֶם, Modern:, lit. "House of Bread") is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, about 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem.

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Beverley Hughes

Beverley June Hughes, Baroness Hughes of Stretford PC (born 30 March 1950) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Stretford and Urmston from 1997 to 2010.

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Bihar

Bihar is a state in East India.

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Bill (law)

A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature.

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Bill Clinton

William Jefferson Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III; August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.

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Bill Gates

William Henry "Bill" Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, philanthropist, investor, computer programmer, and inventor.

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Binyamin Elon

Rabbi Binyamin "Benny" Elon (בנימין אלון, born 10 November 1954) is an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Moledet and the National Union between 1996 and 2009.

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Bird migration

Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.

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Bisexuality

Bisexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or romantic or sexual attraction to people of any sex or gender identity; this latter aspect is sometimes termed pansexuality. The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, which are each parts of the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.

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Black box

In science, computing, and engineering, a black box is a device, system or object which can be viewed in terms of its inputs and outputs (or transfer characteristics), without any knowledge of its internal workings.

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Blindfold

A blindfold (from Middle English blindfellen) is a garment, usually of cloth, tied to one's head to cover the eyes to disable the wearer's sight.

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Bob Edwards

Robert Alan "Bob" Edwards (born May 16, 1947) is a Peabody Award-winning member of the National Radio Hall of Fame.

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Bob Woodward

Robert Upshur "Bob" Woodward (born March 26, 1943) is an American investigative journalist and non-fiction author.

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Bodyguard

A bodyguard (or close protection officer) is a type of security guard or government agent who protects a person or people — usually public, wealthy, or politically important figures — from danger: generally theft, assault, kidnapping, assassination, harassment, loss of confidential information, threats, or other criminal offences.

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Boston Marathon

The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon hosted by several cities in greater Boston in eastern Massachusetts, United States.

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Breathing

Breathing is the process that moves air in and out of the lungs, or oxygen through other respiratory organs such as gills.

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Brian Lara

Brian Charles Lara, TC, OCC, AM (born 2 May 1969) is a former West Indian international cricket player.

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British Columbia

British Columbia, also commonly referred to by its initials BC, is a province located on the west coast of Canada.

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Budapest

Budapest (names in other languages) is the capital and the largest city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.

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Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America.

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Bulgaria

Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

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Bureau of Labor Statistics

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor.

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Bureaucracy

A bureaucracy is "a body of non-elective government officials" and/or "an administrative policy-making group".

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Cabinet (government)

A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.

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Cable television

Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables or light pulses through fiber-optic cables.

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Cairo

Cairo (القاهرة; Ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East and second-largest in Africa after Lagos.

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CAN-SPAM Act of 2003

The CAN-SPAM Act of 2003, signed into law by President George W. Bush on December 16, 2003, establishes the United States' first national standards for the sending of commercial e-mail and requires the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to enforce its provisions.

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Canadian Food Inspection Agency

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (or CFIA) is a regulatory agency that is dedicated to the safeguarding of food, animals, and plants, which enhance the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment and economy.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, province, or other region, usually as its seat of government.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas vital to life on Earth.

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Casualties of the Iraq War

Estimates of the casualties from the conflict in Iraq since 2003 (beginning with the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, and the ensuing occupation and insurgency) have come in many forms, and the accuracy of the information available on different types of Iraq War casualties varies greatly.

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Ceasefire

A ceasefire (or truce) is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Chain store

Chain store(s) or retail chain are retail outlets that share a brand and central management, and usually have standardized business methods and practices.

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Chairman

The chairman or chairwoman, or simply the chair, sometimes known as chairperson, is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.

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Channel Tunnel

The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche; also referred to as the Chunnel) is a rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.

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Chemical weapon

A chemical weapon (CW) is a munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on human beings.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid.

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Chicken

The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.

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Chief Executive of Hong Kong

The Chief Executive of Hong Kong is the head and representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Christian

A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

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Chung Dong-young

Chung Dong-young (born July 27, 1953 in Sunchang County, North Jeolla) is a politician and was the United New Democratic Party candidate for President of South Korea in 2007.

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Church (building)

A church building, often simply called a church, is a building used for religious activities, particularly worship services.

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Circle MRT Line

The Circle Line (CCL) is Singapore's fourth Mass Rapid Transit line.

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Citizenship

Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a member of a state.

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City

A city is a large and permanent human settlement.

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Clergy

Clergy are some of the formal leaders within certain religions.

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CNN

The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner.

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Coalition Provisional Authority

The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA; سلطة الائتلاف المؤقتة) was established as a transitional government of Iraq following the invasion of the country on 19 March 2003 by the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and Poland, forming the Multinational Force (or 'the coalition') aiming to oust the government of Saddam Hussein.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a unique heraldic design on an escutcheon (i.e. shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Coercion

Coercion is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of intimidation or threats or some other form of pressure or force.

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Cologne

Cologne (German Köln, Kölle), Germany's fourth-largest city (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich), is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.

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Combat

Combat or fighting is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed.

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Comcast

Comcast Corporation, formerly registered as Comcast Holdings,Before the AT&T merger in 2001, the parent company was Comcast Holdings Corporation.

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Communication

Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the purposeful activity of information exchange between two or more participants in order to convey or receive the intended meanings through a shared system of signs and semiotic rules.

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Compass

A compass is an instrument used for navigation and orientation that shows direction relative to the geographic cardinal directions, or "points".

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Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza "Condi" Rice (born November 14, 1954) is an American political scientist and diplomat.

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Conservatism

Conservatism as a political and social philosophy promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.

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Construction

Construction is the process of creating and building infrastructure or a facility.

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Contamination

Contamination is the presence of an unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in a material, physical body, natural environment, workplace, etc.

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Convoy

A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.

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Copyright

Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution.

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Corporate governance

Corporate governance broadly refers to the mechanisms, processes and relations by which corporations are controlled and directed.

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Counter-terrorism

Counter-terrorism (also called anti-terrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, police, violent non-state actors and business organizations use to combat or prevent terrorism.

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Cover-up

A cover-up is an attempt, whether successful or not, to conceal evidence of wrongdoing, error, incompetence or other embarrassing information.

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Crucifixion

Crucifixion is a form of slow and painful execution in which the victim is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until dead.

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Culture

Culture is, in the words of E.B. Tylor, "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." Cambridge English Dictionary states that culture is, "the way of life, especially the general customs and beliefs, of a particular group of people at a particular time." As a defining aspect of what it means to be human, culture is a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies.

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Cypriot Annan Plan referendums, 2004

A referendum on the Annan Plan was held in the Republic of Cyprus and the breakaway Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on 24 April 2004.

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Cyprus

Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.

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Dagestan

The Republic of Dagestan (or; Респу́блика Дагеста́н, Respublika Dagestan), also spelled Daghestan, is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region.

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Daimler AG

() is a German multinational automotive corporation.

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Damascus

Damascus (دمشق) is the capital and the second-largest city of Syria after Aleppo.

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Daniel J. O'Donnell

Daniel J. O'Donnell (born November 17, 1960) is a Democratic member of the New York State Assembly, representing the 69th district in Manhattan, made up of the neighborhoods of Manhattan Valley, Morningside Heights, and portions of the Upper West Side and West Harlem.

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Darfur

Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.

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Death threat

A death threat is a threat, often made anonymously, by one person or a group of people to kill another person or groups of people.

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Democracy

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

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Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party to its right.

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Demonstration (protest)

A demonstration or street protest is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause; it normally consists of walking in a mass march formation and either beginning with or meeting at a designated endpoint, or rally, to hear speakers.

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Dennis Kozlowski

Leo Dennis Kozlowski (born November 16, 1946) is a former CEO of Tyco International, convicted in 2005 of crimes related to his receipt of $81 million in unauthorized bonuses, the purchase of art for $14.725 million and the payment by Tyco of a $20 million investment banking fee to Frank Walsh, a former Tyco director.

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Dick Cheney

Richard Bruce "Dick" Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who was the 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, under President George W. Bush.

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Diego Maradona

Diego Armando Maradona Franco (born 30 October 1960) is a retired Argentine professional footballer.

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Diplomacy

Diplomacy (from the Greek δίπλωμα, meaning making a deal with other countries) is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.

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Diplomat

A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations.

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Direct election

Direct election is a term describing a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected.

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Distribution (business)

Product distribution (or place) is one of the four elements of the marketing mix.

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Donald Rumsfeld

Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is an American politician and businessman.

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Donation

A donation is a gift given by physical or legal persons, typically for charitable purposes and/or to benefit a cause.

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Dubai

Dubai (دبي, Gulf pronunciation) is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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Duma

The Duma were council assemblies that were created by Czar Nicholas II.

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Dynamite

Dynamite is an explosive material based on nitroglycerin, using diatomaceous earth (AmE: kieselgur; BrE: kieselguhr), or another adsorbent substance such as powdered shells or clay.

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Earth's magnetic field

Earth's magnetic field, also known as the geomagnetic field, is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth's interior to where it meets the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun.

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Easter

EasterTraditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, (Old English usually Ēastrun, -on, or -an; also Ēastru, -o; and Ēostre), also called Pasch (derived, through Pascha and Greek Πάσχα Paskha, from פסחא, cognate to פֶּסַח Pesaḥ)In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Greek word Pascha is used for the celebration; in English, the analogous word is Pasch.

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Economist

An economist is a professional in the social science discipline of economics.

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Economy of Mexico

The economy of Mexico is the 15th largest in the world in nominal terms and the 11th largest by purchasing power parity, according to the International Monetary Fund.

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Economy of the United States

The United States is the world's largest national economy, representing 22% of nominal global GDP and 17% of global GDP (PPP).

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Effi Eitam

Efraim "Effi" (Fine) Eitam (אפרים "אפי" איתם, born 25 July 1952) is an Israeli politician and former military commander.

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El País

El País (literally The Country) is the highest-circulation daily newspaper in Spain and one of three Madrid dailies considered to be national newspapers of record for Spain (along with El Mundo and ABC).

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El Salvador

El Salvador (Pipil: Kūskatan), officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Emir

Emir (أمير), sometimes transliterated (olowan, Datu in Meranau common version.) Amir, Amier or Ameer, is an aristocratic or noble title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries and Afghanistan.

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Entente Cordiale

The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom and France, marking the start of the alliance against Germany and Austria-Hungary.

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Erez Crossing

The Erez Crossing (מעבר ארז) is a pedestrian/cargo terminal on the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier.

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Ethnic cleansing

Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or religious groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.

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Eugene Chien

Eugene You-hsin Chien (born February 4, 1946) is a politician and diplomat of the Republic of China on Taiwan.

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Euroleague

The Turkish Airlines Euroleague, commonly known as the Euroleague, is the highest level tier and most important professional club basketball competition in Europe, with teams from up to 18 different countries, members of FIBA Europe.

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European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

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European Parliament

The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Eurostar

Eurostar is a high-speed railway service connecting London with Paris and Brussels.

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Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.

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Exhaust gas

Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline/petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil or coal.

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Explosion

An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner, usually with the generation of high temperatures and the release of gases.

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Explosive material

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

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Extravehicular activity

Extravehicular activity (EVA) is any activity done by an astronaut or cosmonaut outside a spacecraft beyond the Earth's appreciable atmosphere.

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Fabrizio Quattrocchi

Fabrizio Quattrocchi (9 May 1968 – 14 April 2004) was an Italian security officer taken hostage by Islamist militants in Iraq, notable for his defiance of captors shortly before being killed.

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Fallujah

FallujahSometimes also transliterated as Falluja, Fallouja, or Falowja (الفلوجة, Iraqi pronunciation) is a city in the Iraqi province of Al Anbar, located roughly west of Baghdad on the Euphrates.

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Falsity

Falsity (from Latin falsitas) or falsehood is a perversion of truth originating in the deceitfulness of one party, and culminating in the damage of another party.

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Family Court of Australia

The Family Court of Australia is a superior Australian federal court of record which deals with family law matters.

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FARC

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia—Ejército del Pueblo, FARC–EP and FARC) is a terrorist organization involved in the continuing Colombian armed conflict since 1964.

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Farm

A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes or an area of water that is devoted primarily to aquacultural processes in order to produce and manage such commodities as fibres, grains, livestock, dairy, or fuel.

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Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne) are an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, approximately halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Great Britain.

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Faryab Province

Faryab (فاریاب) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, which is located in the north of the country bordering neighboring Turkmenistan.

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Fatah

Fataḥ (فتح), formerly the Palestinian National Liberation Movement, is a leading secular Palestinian political party and the largest faction of the confederated multi-party Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, which simultaneously serves as the nation's prime Federal law enforcement organization.

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Federal government of the United States

The government of the United States of America is the federal government of the republic of fifty states that constitute the United States, as well as one capital district, and several other territories.

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Felony

The term felony, in some common law countries, means a serious crime.

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Fertilizer

A fertilizer (or fertiliser in British English) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues (usually leaves) to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

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Florida

Florida is a state in the southeast United States, bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida.

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Fortification

Fortifications are military constructions or buildings designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and also used to solidify rule in a region during peace time.

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Freedom of the press

Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the freedom of communication and expression through mediums including various electronic media and published materials.

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Fundamental Rights Agency

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (usually known in English as the Fundamental Rights Agency; FRA) is a Vienna-based agency of the European Union inaugurated on 1 March 2007.

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Furniture

Furniture is the mass noun for the movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools and sofas) and sleeping (e.g., beds).

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Gallup (company)

Gallup, Inc., is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.

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Gavyn Davies

Gavyn Davies, OBE (born 27 November 1950) is a former Goldman Sachs partner and multi-millionaire who was the chairman of the BBC from 2001 until 2004.

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Gaza City

Gaza (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998), ISBN 0-19-861263-X, p. 761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". غزة,; עזה), also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of 515,556, making it the largest city in the State of Palestine.

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Gaza Strip

The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) ISBN 0-19-861263-X - p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...".), or simply Gaza, is a pene-exclave region of Palestine on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.

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Gender dysphoria

Gender dysphoria or gender identity disorder (GID) is the formal diagnosis used by psychologists and physicians to describe people who experience significant dysphoria (discontent) with the sex and gender they were assigned at birth.

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General officer

A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.

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General relativity

General relativity, also known as the general theory of relativity, is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.

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General strike

A general strike (or mass strike) is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.

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Geographical pole

A geographical pole is either of the two points on a planet, moon, or other relatively large rotating body where the body's axis of rotation meets its surface.

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George W. Bush

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, and the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

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Georgi Parvanov

Georgi Sedefchov Parvanov (Георги Седефчов Първанов) (born 28 June 1957) was President of Bulgaria from 2002 to 2012.

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Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79.

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Golf

Golf is a club and ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

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Good Friday

Good Friday is a Christian religious holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary.

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Google

Google Inc. is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products.

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Governor of New Jersey

The Office of the Governor of New Jersey is head of the executive branch of New Jersey's state government.

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Grandmaster (chess)

The title Grandmaster is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.

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Gravitational microlensing

Gravitational microlensing is an astronomical phenomenon due to the gravitational lens effect.

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Gravity Probe B

Gravity Probe B (GP-B) is a satellite-based mission which launched on 20 April 2004 on a Delta II rocket.

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Greater Manchester

Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.7 million.

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Greenland

Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat; Grønland) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

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Guesstimate

Guesstimate is an informal English portmanteau of guess and estimate, first used by American statisticians in 1934 or 1935.

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Gulfport, Florida

Gulfport is a city in Pinellas County, Florida, bordering St. Petersburg and Boca Ciega Bay.

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Gun

A gun is a normally tubular weapon or other device designed to discharge projectiles or other material.

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Gunshot

A gunshot is the discharge of a firearm, producing a mechanical sound effect and a chemical gunshot residue.

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Gyroscope

A gyroscope (from Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a spinning wheel or disc in which the axis of rotation is free to assume any orientation.

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Hacker (computer security)

In the computer security context, a hacker is someone who seeks and exploits weaknesses in a computer system or computer network.

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Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (الشيخ حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني,; born 1 January 1952) is a member of the ruling Al Thani Qatari royal family.

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Hamas

Hamas (حماس, an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Islamic Resistance Movement) is a Palestinian Islamic.

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Harvard University

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636.

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Heart

The heart is a muscular organ in humans and other animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.

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Heinz Fischer

Heinz Fischer, GColIH (born 9 October 1938) is an Austrian politician who is the current President of Austria.

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Henry Lee (forensic scientist)

Henry Chang-Yu Lee (born 22 November 1938), is a Chinese-born American forensic scientist.

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History of Iraq (2003–11)

The history of Iraq from 2003 to 2011 is a period in Iraqi history characterized by a large American troop deployment in Iraqi territory, beginning with the U.S.-led invasion of the country in March 2003 which overthrew the Ba'ath Party government of Saddam Hussein and ending with the departure of US troops from the country in 2011 (though the Iraq War that commenced in 2003 continued and subsequently intensified during 2013).

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HIV/AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Homeland

A homeland (rel. country of origin and native land) is the concept of the place (cultural geography) with which an ethnic group holds a long history and a deep cultural association – the country in which a particular national identity began.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.

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Hong Kong Basic Law

The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, or simply Hong Kong Basic Law, serves as the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Hong Kong Journalists Association

The Hong Kong Journalists Association (Chinese: 香港記者協會) was established in 1968 for practising journalists in Hong Kong "to enhance press freedom and the integrity of news coverage".

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Hostage

A hostage is a person or entity which is held by one of two belligerent parties to the other or seized as security for the carrying out of an agreement, or as a preventive measure against war.

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Human rights in China

For the non-governmental organization, see Human Rights in China (organization) The extent to which human rights are recognized and protected in the People's Republic of China (PRC or Mainland China) is a matter of dispute between its government and external organizations and individuals.

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Humanitarianism

Humanitarianism is a moral of kindness, benevolence, and sympathy extended to all human beings.

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Hungary

Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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Hutton Inquiry

The Hutton Inquiry was a 2003 judicial inquiry in the UK chaired by Lord Hutton, who was appointed by the Labour government to investigate the circumstances surrounding the death of David Kelly, a biological warfare expert and former UN weapons inspector in Iraq.

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IBM

International Business Machines Corporation (commonly referred to as IBM) is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York.

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Ice sheet

An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than, thus also known as continental glacier.

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IKEA

IKEA is a multinational group of companies that designs and sells ready-to-assemble furniture (such as beds, chairs and desks), appliances, small motor vehicles and home accessories.

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Illegal immigration

Illegal immigration is the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country.

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Impeachment

Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indian general election, 2004

Legislative elections were held in India in four phases between April 20 and May 10, 2004.

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Indictment

An indictment, in the common law system, is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime.

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Ingvar Kamprad

Ingvar Feodor Kamprad (born 30 March 1926) is a Swedish.

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Initial public offering

Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of stock in a company usually are sold to institutional investors that in turn, sell to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time.

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Intelligence assessment

Intelligence assessment is the development of forecasts of behavior or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on a wide range of available information sources both overt and covert.

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Intensive care medicine

Intensive care medicine or critical care medicine is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions requiring sophisticated organ support and invasive monitoring.

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Interior ministry

An interior ministry (sometimes ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry typically responsible for policing, emergency management, national security, supervision of local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters.

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International Atomic Energy Agency

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

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International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.

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International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

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Internet

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Iraq

Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.

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Iraqi Governing Council

The Iraqi Governing Council (IGC) was the provisional government of Iraq from July 13, 2003 to June 1, 2004.

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Iraqi insurgency (2003–11)

An insurgency began in Iraq after the 2003 invasion, and lasted throughout the ensuing Iraq War (2003–2011).

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

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Islam

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Islamic Consultative Assembly

The Islamic Consultative Assembly (مجلس شورای اسلامی Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī), also called the Iranian Parliament, the Iranian Majlis (or Majles, مجلس), or the People's House (خانه ملت), is the national legislative body of Iran.

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Islamism

Islamism (اسلام پرستی; إسلاموية), also known as Political Islam, is a set of ideologies holding that "Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life." Islamism is a controversial concept not just because it posits a political role for Islam but also because its most extreme advocates believe their Islamic views are superior to all others', and that the contrary idea that Islam is, or can be, apolitical is an error.

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Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.

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Israeli disengagement from Gaza

The Israeli disengagement from Gaza (תָּכְנִית הַהִתְנַתְּקוּת,; in the Disengagement Plan Implementation Law), also known as "Gaza expulsion" and "Hitnatkut", was the withdrawal of the Israeli army from Gaza, and the dismantling of all Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip in 2005.

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Israeli settlement

Israeli settlements are Israeli civilian communities built on lands occupied by Israel since the 1967 Six-Day War.

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Israeli–Palestinian conflict

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (النزاع الفلسطيني - الإسرائيلي al-Niza'a al'Filastini al 'Israili; הסכסוך הישראלי-פלסטיני Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Jamie Gorelick

Jamie S. Gorelick (born May 6, 1950) is an American lawyer who served as the Deputy Attorney General of the United States from 1994 to 1997, during the Clinton administration.

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Javed Hashmi

Makhdoom Muhammad Javed Hashmi (); (مخدوم محمد جاوید ہاشمی; b. 17 July 1947), is a veteran Pakistani conservative nonpartisan political figure who presided over Pakistan Muslim League between 2001 till 2005 and the over Pakistan Movement for Justice from March 2013 till September 2014.He also Presided Alliance for Restoration of Democracy afterr death of Nawabzadah Nasrullah.o He is the only person in the country to preside over the two of the Big Three political parties. Originally a leading and senior member of Pakistan Muslim League, Hashmi served twice in federal cabinet first as the Federal Ministry of Health and as the Federal Ministry of Youth Affairs in both first and second government of former Prime minister Nawaz Sharif. After being dismissed in 1999 in a ''coup d'état'' staged by General Pervez Musharraf against Nawaz Sharif, Hashmi was appointed central president of the Pakistan Muslim League and led the League in the controversial 2002 general elections, which saw the landslide defeat of the League. In 2003, Hashmi was arrested and faced a trial on charges of treason in the Central Jail Rawalpindi after making controversial statements against Pakistan Armed Forces, and was released on 4 August 2007. In the 2008 elections, Hashmi won a record three seats out of the four contested; he only lost out to Shah Mehmood Qureshi in his home city of Multan. Hashmi won National Assembly seats from Multan, Lahore and Rawalpindi beating PML-Q leader Shaikh Rasheed Ahmad in the latter one. On 20 July 2010 Hashmi suffered from Brain hemorrhage and was admitted to hospital. After recovering, he served as the Chairman of the Standing Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs and but resigned after falling out with Nawaz Sharif on various political issues. He on 24th December 2011 ascended to join the Pakistan Movement for Justice (PTI), and was elected the party president in 2013 leadership election. In 2013 elections Hashmi won from both two constituencies he contested from in Islamabad and in Multan from the platform of PTI. However, he fell out of party's favor after opposing publicly the party's decision to hold mass protests against his former boss Imran Khan in 2014, consequently resigning from both the party and the parliament. On October 16, 2014 he unsuccessfully contested to re-claim his home constituency as an independent candidate but backed by the ruling PML-N. He lost in a landslide to Amir Dogar, the PTI-backed independent candidate.

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Jemaah Islamiyah

Jemaah Islamiah (الجماعة الإسلامية, al-Jamāʿat ul-Islāmíyatu, meaning "Islamic Congregation", frequently abbreviated JI), is a Southeast Asian militant Islamist terrorist group dedicated to the establishment of a Daulah Islamiyah (regional Islamic caliphate) in Southeast Asia.

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Jerusalem

Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.

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Jews

The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Jihad

Jihad (جهاد) is an Islamic term referring to the religious duty of Muslims to maintain the religion.

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John Ashcroft

John David Ashcroft (born May 9, 1942) is an American attorney and politician who served as the 79th U.S. Attorney General (2001–2005), in the George W. Bush Administration.

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John Howard

John Winston Howard,, (born 26 July 1939) was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007.

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John Kerry

John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who is the 68th and current United States Secretary of State.

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Jordan

Jordan (الأردن), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.

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José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (born 4 August 1960) is a member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).

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Journalism

Journalism is gathering, processing, and dissemination of news, and information related to news, to an audience.

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Journalist

A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information.

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JPEG

JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.

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Judge

A judge presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.

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Judicial Yuan

The Judicial Yuan is one of five branches of the Government of the Republic of China on Taiwan and serves as the highest judicial organ in the Republic of China.

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Karbala

Karbala (كربلاء; Karbalā’; also referred to as Karbalā' al-Muqaddasah) is a city in Iraq, located about southwest of Baghdad.

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Kathmandu

Kathmandu (Nepali pronunciation), (Nenglish: Catmandoo), is the capital and largest municipality of Nepal.

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Kenya

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa and a founding member of the East African Community (EAC).

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Kofi Annan

Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.

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Kosovo

Prior to a change (other than minor edits), discussion NEEDS to take place.

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Kufa

Kufa (الكوفة) is a city in Iraq, about south of Baghdad, and northeast of Najaf.

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Kurds

The Kurds (کورد Kurd) are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern or Turkish Kurdistan), western Iran (Eastern or Iranian Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern or Iraqi Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan or Rojava).

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Kut

Al-Kūt (الكوت; BGN: Al Kūt; also spelled Kut al-Imara or Kut El Amara; Kût; Kut'ül Ammare or Kut) is a city in eastern Iraq, on the left bank of the Tigris River, about south east of Baghdad.

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Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan (Кыргызстан Kyrgyzstan; Киргизия or Кыргызстан), officially the Kyrgyz Republic (Кыргыз Республикасы Kyrgyz Respublikasy; Кыргызская Республика Kyrgyzskaya Respublika), formerly known as Kirghizia, is a country located in Central Asia.

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Lakhdar Brahimi

Lakhdar Brahimi (Algerian pronunciation:; الأخضر الإبراهيمى;; born 1 January 1934) is an Algerian United Nations diplomat, who served as the United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy to Syria until 14 May 2014.

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Landslide

A landslide, also known as a landslip, is a geological phenomenon that includes a wide range of ground movements.

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Lansing, Michigan

Lansing is the capital of the U.S. state of Michigan.

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Latitude

In geography, latitude (φ) is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north-south position of a point on the Earth's surface.

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LeasePlan

LeasePlan is an international company of Dutch origins specialised in fleet management.

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Leganés

Leganés is a city in central Spain.

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Legislative Council of Hong Kong

The Legislative Council (立法會) or the LegCo is the unicameral legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

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Liberalism

Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.

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Lieutenant general

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.

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Light-emitting diode

A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.

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Linspire

Linspire, previously known as LindowsOS, was a commercial operating system based on Debian GNU/Linux and later Ubuntu.

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List of rulers of Lithuania

The following is a list of rulers over Lithuania—grand dukes, kings, and presidents—the heads of authority over historical Lithuanian territory.

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Lithuania

Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in Northern Europe.

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Lockheed AC-130

The Lockheed AC-130 gunship is a heavily armed ground-attack aircraft variant of the C-130 Hercules transport plane.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.

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Los Angeles Times

The Los Angeles Times, commonly referred to as the Times, is a paid daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881.

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Louisville, Kentucky

Louisville (generally pronounced or by natives, and by others) is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.

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Luis Ernesto Derbez

Luis Ernesto Derbez Bautista (born April 1, 1947 in Mexico City) is a Mexican politician and current rector of the Universidad de Las Américas.

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Macintosh

The Macintosh (branded as Mac since 1998) is a series of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Steve Jobs introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 24, 1984.

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Madrid

Madrid is a south-western European city and the capital and largest municipality of Spain.

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Magnus Carlsen

Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster, No. 1 ranked player in the world and reigning World Chess Champion in classical, rapid and blitz.

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Maharashtra

Maharashtra (Marathi pronunciation:, abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is the nation's third largest state and also the world's second-most populous sub-national entity.

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Mammal

Mammals (class Mammalia from Latin mamma "breast") are any members of a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles and birds by the possession of hair, three middle ear bones, mammary glands, and a neocortex (a region of the brain).

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Mark Chen

Chen Tang-shan or Mark Chen, born September 16, 1935, in Tainan Prefecture (now part of Tainan City), Taiwan, is a Taiwanese politician, former Secretary-General of the Office of the President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) under ex-President Chen Shui-bian.

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Mars Exploration Rover

NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Mission (MER) is an ongoing robotic space mission involving two rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, exploring the planet Mars.

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Marshall, Texas

Marshall is a city in and the county seat of Harrison County in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Texas.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Masters Tournament

The Masters Tournament, also known as The Masters or The US Masters, is one of the four major championships in professional golf.

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Maymana

Maymana, Meymaneh or Maimana (Uzbaki, Pashto, Persian: میمنه) is the capital of Faryab province, northern Afghanistan, near the Turkmenistan border.

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Médecins Sans Frontières

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) (pronounced), or Doctors Without Borders, is an international humanitarian-aid non-governmental organization and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, best known for its projects in war-torn regions and developing countries facing endemic diseases.

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Mediation

Mediation is the attempt to help parties in a disagreement to hear one another, to minimise the harm that can come from disagreement (e.g. hostility or ‘demonising’ of the other parties) to maximize any area of agreement, and to find a way of preventing the areas if disagreement from interfering with the process of seeking a compromise or mutually agreed outcome.

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Megan's Law

Megan's Law is name for a federal law, and informal name for subsequent state laws, in the United States requiring law enforcement authorities to make information available to the public regarding registered sex offenders.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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Mercosur

Mercosur or Mercosul (Mercado Común del Sur, Mercado Comum do Sul, Ñemby Ñemuha, Southern Common Market) is a sub-regional bloc.

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Mexico

Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

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Michael Grade

Michael Ian Grade, Baron Grade of Yarmouth, CBE (born 8 March 1943) is an English television executive and businessman.

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Michael Hendricks and René Leboeuf

Michael Hendricks and René Leboeuf are Canadian gay rights advocates, known for their advocacy of same-sex marriage in Canada.

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Michael Jackson

Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor.

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Microsoft

Microsoft Corporation (commonly referred to as Microsoft) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services.

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Middle East

The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.

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Middle East Forum

The Middle East Forum (MEF) is a American conservative think tank founded in 1990 by Daniel Pipes, who serves as its president.

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Miguel Ángel Moratinos

Miguel Ángel Moratinos Cuyaubé (born 8 June 1951 in Madrid) is a Spanish diplomat and politician, a member of the Socialist Workers' Party and member of Congress, where he represents Córdoba.

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Militant (word)

The English word militant is both an adjective and a noun, and is usually used to mean vigorously active, combative and aggressive, especially in support of a cause, as in 'militant reformers'.

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Military alliance

Military alliances are related to collective security systems but can differ in nature.

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Military intelligence

Military intelligence is a military discipline that exploits a number of information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to commanders in support of their decisions.

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Military operation

A military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation.

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Militia

A militia generally is an army or other fighting force that is composed of non-professional fighters; citizens of a nation or subjects of a state or government that can be called upon to enter a combat situation, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of the fighting nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).

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Minister (government)

A minister is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.

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Minister of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)

This is the List of foreign ministers of the Republic of China, heading ROC Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (Spain)

The Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación) is the department of Government of Spain responsible for Spain's foreign relations.

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Missile

In modern usage, a missile is a self-propelled precision-guided munition system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).

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Missing in action

Missing in action (MIA) is a casualty classification assigned to armed services personnel and other combatants who are reported missing during wartime.

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Mitsubishi Motors

is a multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

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Mordechai Vanunu

Mordechai Vanunu (מרדכי ואנונו; born 14 October 1954), also known as John Crossman, is an Israeli former nuclear technician who, citing his opposition to weapons of mass destruction, revealed details of Israel's nuclear weapons program to the British press in 1986.

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Morning Edition

Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by NPR (formerly National Public Radio).

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Mortar (weapon)

A mortar is a weapon that fires explosive projectiles known as (mortar) bombs at low velocities, short ranges, and high-arcing ballistic trajectories.

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Mosque

A mosque (مسجد and مسجد masjid, plural مساجد masājid) is a place of worship for followers of Islam.

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Motivation

Motivation is a theoretical construct used to explain behavior.

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MRT (Bangkok)

The Metropolitan Rapid Transit or MRT is a rapid transit system serving the Bangkok Metropolitan Region in Thailand.

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Muqtada al-Sadr

Muqtadā al-Ṣadr (Arabic: سيد مقتدى الصدر; born 12 August 1973) is an Iraqi Islamic political leader.

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Murder of Laci Peterson

Laci Denise Peterson (née Rocha; May 4, 1975 December 24, 2002) Court TV, 2003, was an American woman who was the subject of a highly publicized murder case after she went missing while seven and a half months pregnant with her only child.

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Murder of Yaron and Efrat Ungar

The Murder of Yaron and Efrat Ungar was a shooting attack on June 9, 1996, during which two Palestinian gunmen killed Yaron and Efrat Ungar as they drove on a road between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, Israel near Beit Shemesh.

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Muslim

A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.

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Muslim world

The term Muslim world, also known as Islamic world and the (أمة, meaning "nation" or "community") has different meanings.

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Mutiny

Mutiny is a criminal conspiracy among a group of people (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) to openly oppose, change, or overthrow a lawful authority to which they are subject.

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Myanmar

Myanmar (or (also with the stress on first syllable)), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.

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Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle.

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Najaf

Najaf (النجف; BGN: An Najaf) is a city in Iraq about 160 km (roughly 100 miles) south of Baghdad.

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NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Collegiate Athletic Association

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit association which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions; conferences; organizations; and individuals.

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National League for Democracy

The National League for Democracy (အမျိုးသား ဒီမိုကရေစီ အဖွဲ့ချုပ်) is a democratic socialistic-liberal Burmese political party founded on 27 September 1988.

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National People's Congress

The National People's Congress (usually abbreviated NPC) is the national legislature of the People's Republic of China.

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National Rifle Association

The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization which advocates for gun rights.

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National Security Advisor (United States)

The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor or at times informally termed the NSC advisor,The National Security Advisor and Staff: p. 1.

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Natural gas

Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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Néstor Kirchner

Néstor Carlos Kirchner (25 February 195027 October 2010) was an Argentine politician who served as President of Argentina from 25 May 2003 until 10 December 2007.

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NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Men's Division I Basketball Tournament is a single-elimination tournament played each spring in the United States, currently featuring 68 college basketball teams, to determine the national championship of the major college basketball teams.

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NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Women's Division I Basketball Championship is an annual college basketball tournament for women.

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Neighbourhood

A neighbourhood (Commonwealth English), or neighborhood (American English), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

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Neil Shubin

Neil Shubin (born December 22, 1960) is an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer of Russian descent.

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Nepal

Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located in South Asia.

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New Democratic Party

The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique, NPD) is a major social-democratic federal political party in Canada.

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New York City

New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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New York State Assembly

The New York State Assembly is the lower house of the New York State Legislature.

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New York State Department of Health

The New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is the department of the New York state government responsible for public health.

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Nick Holonyak

Nick Holonyak, Jr. (born November 3, 1928) is an American engineer and educator.

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Nightline

Nightline (or ABC News Nightline) is a late-night news program broadcast by ABC in the United States with a franchised formula to other networks and stations elsewhere in the world.

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North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.

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NPR

National Public Radio (NPR) is a privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization that serves as a national syndicator to a network of 900 public radio stations in the United States.

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion (thermonuclear weapon).

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Official

An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either his own or that of his superior and/or employer, public or legally private).

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Oil

An oil is any neutral, nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally "fat loving").

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Oil-for-Food Programme

The Oil-for-Food Programme (OIP), established by the United Nations in 1995 (under UN Security Council Resolution 986) was established to allow Iraq to sell oil on the world market in exchange for food, medicine, and other humanitarian needs for ordinary Iraqi citizens without allowing Iraq to boost its military capabilities.

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Oldsmobile

Oldsmobile was a registered trademark of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors.

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Omar Bakri Muhammad

Omar Bakri Muhammad (عمر بکری فستق; born Omar Bakri Fostock in 1958) is an Islamist 'militant' leader who was instrumental in developing Hizb ut-Tahrir in the United Kingdom before leaving the group and heading another Islamist organisation, Al-Muhajiroun, until its disbandment in 2004.

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One-child policy

The family planning policy, known as the one-child policy in the West, is a population control policy of the People's Republic of China.

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OPEC

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), is an international organization headquartered in Vienna, Austria.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Opportunity (rover)

Opportunity, also known as MER-B (Mars Exploration Rover – B) or MER-1, is a robotic rover active on the planet Mars since 2004.

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OS X

OS X (pronounced; originally Mac OS X) is a series of Unix-based graphical interface operating systems (OS) developed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is designed to run on Macintosh computers, having been pre-installed on all Macs since 2002.

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Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن,; March 10, 1957 May 2, 2011) was the founder of al-Qaeda, the organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets.

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Osmium tetroxide

Osmium tetroxide (also osmium(VIII) oxide) is the chemical compound with the formula OsO4.

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Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital of Canada.

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Outlaw

In historical legal systems, an outlaw is declared as outside the protection of the law.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Palestine Liberation Organization

The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle.

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Palestinian National Authority

The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.

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Palestinian political violence

Palestinian political violence refers to acts of violence undertaken to further the Palestinian cause.

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Palestinian refugee

The term "Palestine refugee", originally included both Arabs and Jews whose normal place of residence was in Mandatory Palestine but were displaced and lost their livelihoods as a result of the 1948 Palestine war.

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Palestinians

The Palestinian people (الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha‘b al-Filasṭīnī), also referred to as Palestinians (الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīniyyūn, פָלַסְטִינִים), are an ethnic group representing the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Palestinian Arab due to Arabization of the region.

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Pan-democracy camp

Pan-democracy camp or pro-democracy camp (Chinese: 泛民主派, 民主派) refers to the political factions in Hong Kong that support increased democracy of Hong Kong under "One country, two systems".

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Panjshir Province

Panjshir (پنجشیر, literally "Five Lions", also spelled as Panjsher) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeastern part of the country.

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Pattani Province

Pattani (ปัตตานี) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.

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Paul Bremer

Lewis Paul Bremer III (born September 30, 1941) is an American diplomat.

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Payroll

In a company, payroll is the sum of all financial records of salaries for an employee, wages, bonuses and deductions.

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Peace Companies

The Peace Companies (سرايا السلام, transcript. Sraeeaa Aalsalaam, translit. Saraya al-Salaam) frequently mistranslated Peace Brigades in US media, are an Iraqi armed group linked to Iraq's Shia community and are a revival of the Mahdi Army (JAM; جيش المهدي Jaish al-Mahdī), created by the Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in June 2003 and disbanded in 2008.

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Peer-to-peer

Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or work loads between peers.

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Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a U.S. state located in the North and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States and the Great Lakes region.

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Peptic ulcer

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD), also known as a peptic ulcer or stomach ulcer, is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine, or occasionally the lower esophagus.

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Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

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Pervez Musharraf

Pervez Musharraf (پرویز مشرف; born 11 August 1943), is a Pakistani politician and a retired four-star rank army general who tenured as the tenth President of Pakistan from 2001 until tendering resignation to avoid impeachment in 2008.

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Phil Mickelson

Philip Alfred Mickelson (born June 16, 1970) is an American professional golfer.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Photograph

A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.

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Pinniped

Pinnipeds, (from Latin pinna fin and pes, pedis foot) commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.

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Plan

A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with timing and resources, used to achieve an objective.

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Plan of Attack

Plan of Attack is a 2004 book by the American author and investigative reporter Bob Woodward.

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Polar regions of Earth

The polar regions of Earth, also known as Earth's frigid zones, are the regions of Earth surrounding its geographical poles (the North and South Poles).

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Political corruption

Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain.

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Political divisions of the United States

Political divisions of the United States are the various governing entities that together form the United States.

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Politics

Politics (from πολιτικός politikos, definition "of, for, or relating to citizens") is the practice and theory of influencing other people.

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Politics of North Korea

The politics of North Korea takes place within the framework of the official state philosophy, Juche, a concept created by Hwang Chang-yŏp and later attributed to Kim Il-sung.

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Pope

The Pope (papa; from πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

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Potential

Potential generally refers to a currently unrealized ability.

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Prejudice (legal term)

Prejudice is a legal term with different meanings when used in criminal, civil or common law.

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President

A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship.

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President of South Korea

The President of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대통령; 大韓民國大統領) is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairman of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.

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President's Daily Brief

The President's Daily Brief (PDB), sometimes referred to as the President's Daily Briefing or the President's Daily Bulletin, is a Top Secret document produced each morning for the President of the United States.

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Priest

A priest or priestess (feminine) (from Greek πρεσβύτερος presbýteros through Latin presbyter, "elder", or from Old High German priast, prest, from Vulgar Latin "prevost" "one put over others", from Latin praepositus "person placed in charge"), is a person authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Prime Minister of Spain

The President of the Government of Spain The English Style Guide (Fifth edition: 2005 Revised: March 2009) published by the European Commission Directorate-General for Translation states the following: 19.29 Spain.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.

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Programming language

A programming language is a formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer.

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Progressivism

Progressivism is a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition.

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Pseudonym

A pseudonym is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from his or her original or true name (orthonym).

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Qatar

Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Southwest Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Quebec

Quebec (or; Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.

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Ramallah

Ramallah (رام الله, pronounced Rāmallāh) is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank located north of Jerusalem at an average elevation of 880 meters above sea level, adjacent to al-Bireh.

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Rebellion

Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.

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Recycling

Recycling is a process to convert waste materials into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling) by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to plastic production.

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Referendum

A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.

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Refugee

A refugee, in contrast to a migrant, is according to the Geneva Convention on Refugees applied to a person who is outside their home country of citizenship because they have well-founded grounds for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and is unable to obtain sanctuary from their home country or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country; or in the case of not having a nationality and being outside their country of former habitual residence as a result of such event, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to their country of former habitual residence.

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Representation (politics)

In politics, representation describes how some individuals stand in for others or a group of others, for a certain time period.

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Republic of China presidential election, 2004

The Election for the 11th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China, the third direct presidential election in Taiwan's history and the 11th presidential election overall under the 1947 Chinese Constitution, was held on March 20, 2004 in Taiwan.

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Republic of Macedonia

Macedonia (Македонија, tr. Makedonija), officially the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian:, tr. Republika Makedonija), is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, commonly referred to as GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

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Research

Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.

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Resource

A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced.

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Retail

Retail is the process of selling consumer goods and/or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.

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Revenge

Revenge is a harmful action against a person or group in response to a grievance, be it real or perceived.

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Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front

The Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front, (Devrimci Halk Kurtuluş Partisi-Cephesi or DHKP/C) is a Marxist–Leninist party in Turkey.

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Ricardo Sanchez

Ricardo Sanchez (born September 9, 1953) is a former United States Army lieutenant general who stood as a candidate for the Democratic Party nomination for the U.S. Senate election in 2012 for the seat of retiring Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison.

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Right to keep and bear arms

The right to keep and bear arms (often referred to as the right to bear arms or to have arms) is the people's right to have their own arms for their defense as described in the philosophical and political writings of Aristotle, Cicero, John Locke, Machiavelli, the English Whigs and others.

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Right-wing politics

Right-wing politics are political positions or activities that view some forms of social stratification or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable,J.

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Riyadh

Riyadh (الرياض Najdi pronunciation:, "The Gardens") is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia.

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Roadblock

A roadblock is a temporary installation set up to control or block traffic along a road.

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Robert Mugabe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is the current President of Zimbabwe, serving since 31 December 1987.

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Rocket-propelled grenade

A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired, anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.

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Roh Moo-hyun

Roh Moo-hyun GOM (1 September 1946 – 23 May 2009) was the ninth President of the Republic of Korea (2003–2008).

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Rolandas Paksas

Rolandas Lopas Paksas (born 10 June 1956) is a Lithuanian politician who was President of Lithuania from 2003 to 2004.

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Romano Prodi

Romano Prodi (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian former politician and economist.

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Royal Dutch Shell

Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is an Anglo–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.

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Ruben Enaje

Ruben Enaje is a Filipino carpenter, sign painter, and former construction worker.

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Rural area

In general, a rural area or countryside' is a geographic area that is located outside cities and the centers of towns.

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Ryongchon County

Ryongch'ŏn County is a ''kun'' (county) in North P'yǒngan Province, North Korea, at the mouth of the Yalu River.

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Ryongchon disaster

The Ryongchŏn disaster was a train disaster that occurred on April 22, 2004, in the town of Ryongchŏn, North Korea, near the border with the People's Republic of China.

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Sacred

Sacred means revered due to sanctity, is in general the state of being holy (perceived by religious individuals as associated with divinity) or sacred (considered worthy of spiritual respect or devotion; or inspiring awe or reverence among believers).

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Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.

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Sadr City

Sadr City (مدينة الصدر - Madinat aṣ-Ṣadr) formerly known as الثورة and Saddam City, is a suburb district of the city of Baghdad, Iraq.

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Saeb Erekat

Saeb Muhammad Salih Erekat (also Erikat or Erakat or Arekat; صائب عريقات Ṣāʼib ʻUrayqāt or ʻRēqāt; born 28 April 1955) was the Palestinian chief of the PLO Steering and Monitoring Committee until 12 February 2011.

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Same-sex marriage in Canada

On July 20, 2005, Canada became the fourth country in the world, and the first country outside Europe, to legalize same-sex marriage nationwide with the enactment of the Civil Marriage Act which provided a gender-neutral marriage definition.

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Same-sex marriage in the United States

In the United States, same-sex marriage has been legal nationwide since June 26, 2015, when the United States Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that state-level bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional.

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San Pedro Cutud

San Pedro Cutud is a barangay in City of San Fernando, Pampanga province in the Philippines, approximately 70 kilometers north of Manila.

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Sanctuary

A sanctuary, in its original meaning, is a sacred place, such as a shrine.

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Sanitation

Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater.

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Satellite

In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.

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SCO Group

SCO, The SCO Group, The TSG Group, Caldera Systems, and Caldera International are the various names of an American software company that became known for acquiring the Santa Cruz Operation's Server Software and Services divisions, and UnixWare and OpenServer technologies, and then pursuing a series of legal battles known as the SCO-Linux controversies.

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Screen-Free Week

Screen-Free Week (formerly TV Turnoff Week and Digital Detox Week) is an annual event where children, families, schools and communities are encouraged to turn off screens and "turn on life." Instead of relying on television programming for entertainment, participants read, daydream, explore, enjoy nature, and spend time with family and friends.

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Secretary (title)

Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority, power, or importance in the organization.

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Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations.

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Sedition

In law, sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order.

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Seimas

The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas), or simply the Seimas, is the unicameral Lithuanian parliament.

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Senate (France)

The Senate (Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France, presided over by a president.

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September 11 attacks

The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11)9/11 is pronounced "nine eleven".

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Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1991.

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Seville

Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.

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Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is forcing undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another.

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Sexually violent predator laws

In the United States, some jurisdictions may involuntary commitment certain types of dangerous sex offenders to state-run detention facilities following the completion of their sentence if that person has a "mental abnormality" or personality disorder that makes the person likely to engage in sexual offenses if not confined in a secure facility.

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Shanghai

Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population, p. 395.

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Sheikh

Sheikh (pronounced or; شيخ, mostly pronounced, plural شيوخ)—also transliterated Sheik, Shaik, Shayk, Shaykh, Shaikh, Cheikh, and Shekh— is an honorific title in the Arabic language.

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Sher Bahadur Deuba

Sher Bahadur Deuba (शेरबहादुर देउवा born June 13, 1946) is a Nepalese politician who was Prime Minister of Nepal from 1995 to 1997, from 2001 to 2002, and from 2004 to 2005.

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Shia Islam

Shia (شيعة Shīʿah), an abbreviation of Shīʻatu ʻAlī (شيعة علي, "followers/party of Ali"), is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib.

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Shooting

Shooting is the act or process of discharging firearms or other projectile weapons such as bows or crossbows.

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Shrine

A shrine (scrinium "case or chest for books or papers"; Old French: escrin "box or case") is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.

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Sinclair Broadcast Group

Sinclair Broadcast Group is an American telecommunications company that is owned by the family of company founder Julian Sinclair Smith.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the ''Lion City'', the ''Garden City'', and the ''Red Dot'', is a leading global city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Slovak presidential election, 2004

Presidential elections were held in Slovakia on 3 April 2004, with a second round on 17 April.

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Slum

A slum is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing and squalor.

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Smalltalk

Smalltalk is an object-oriented, dynamically typed, reflective programming language.

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Smuggling

Smuggling is the illegal transportation of objects, information or people, such as out of a house or buildings, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations.

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Sniper

A sniper is a marksman or qualified specialist who operates alone, in a pair, or with a sniper team to maintain close visual contact with the enemy and engage targets from concealed positions or distances exceeding the detection capabilities of enemy personnel.

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Sociology

Sociology is the scientific study of social behavior, including its origins, development, organization, and institutions.

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Software patent

A suggested definition of software patent has been proposed by the Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure (FFII) as being a "patent on any performance of a computer realised by means of a computer program".

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Songbird

A songbird is a bird belonging to the clade Passeri of the perching birds (Passeriformes).

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Songkhla Province

Songkhla (สงขลา,; Singgora) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South African general election, 2004

Legislative elections were held in South Africa on Wednesday, 14 April 2004.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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South Korean legislative election, 2004

Legislative elections were held in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) on April 15, 2004.

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South Wales

South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and mid Wales and west Wales to the north and west.

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Spanish Socialist Workers' Party

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; better known by its initials, PSOE), is a social-democraticThe PSOE is described as a social-democratic party by numerous sources.

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Species

In biology, a species (abbreviated sp., with the plural form species abbreviated spp.) is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank.

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Spirit (rover)

Spirit, also known as MER-A (Mars Exploration Rover – A) or MER-2, is a robotic rover on Mars, active from 2004 to 2010.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.

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Sri Lankan parliamentary election, 2004

Parliamentary elections were held in Sri Lanka on 2 April 2004.

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St. Petersburg Democratic Club (United States)

The Saint Petersburg Democratic Club is a political organization in St. Petersburg, Florida, which supports the Florida Democratic Party.

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Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) is a committee of about 150 members of the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC.

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Star

A star is a luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity.

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State police

State police or provincial police are a type of sub-national territorial police force, found particularly in North America, South Asia, and Oceania.

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Statistic

A statistic (singular) is a single measure of some attribute of a sample (e.g., its arithmetic mean value).

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Strike action

Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, on strike, greve (of French: grève), or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.

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Stuttgart

Stuttgart (Swabian: Schduagert) is the capital and largest city of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany.

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Suburb

A suburb is a residential area or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Sudan

Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān), is a country in the Nile Valley of North Africa, bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia, to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.

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Suicide attack

A suicide attack is a violent attack in which the attacker intends to destroy property or kill other people and expects to die in the process.

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Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr.

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Sunset

Sunset or sundown, is the daily disappearance of the Sun below the western horizon as a result of Earth's rotation.

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Suspect

In the law enforcement jargon, a suspect is a known person accused or suspected of committing a crime.

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Svend Robinson

Svend Robinson (born March 4, 1952) is a Canadian former politician.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Syria

Syria (سوريا or سورية, Sūriyā or Sūrīyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia.

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Taipei

Taipei (literally means "North of Tai(wan)"), officially known as Taipei City, is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan.

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Taliban

The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternately spelled Taleban, is an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan.

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Tehran

Tehran (also Romanized as Tehrān) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.

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Tehran Conference

The Tehran Conference (codenamed Eureka) was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943.

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Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv (תל־אביב, تل أبيب) or Tel Aviv-Yafo (תל אביב-יפו) is the second most populous city in Israel after Jerusalem.

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Temple Mount

The Temple Mount (הַר הַבַּיִת, Har HaBáyit), also known as the Haram (الحرم الشريف, al-Ḥaram al-Šarīf, "Noble Sanctuary", or الحرم القدسي الشريف, al-Ḥaram al-Qudsī al-Šarīf, "Noble Sanctuary of Jerusalem"), is one of the most important religious sites in the Old City of Jerusalem.

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Terrorism

Terrorism is any act designed to cause terror.

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Terrorism Act 2000

The Terrorism Act 2000 (c.11) is the first of a number of general Terrorism Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Test cricket

Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket.

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Thabo Mbeki

Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served nine years as the second post-apartheid President of South Africa from 14 June 1999 to 24 September 2008.

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Thailand

Thailand (or; ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย), formerly known as Siam (สยาม), is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia.

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The Simpsons

The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.

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The Walt Disney Company

The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.

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The Washington Times

The Washington Times is a daily broadsheet published at 3600 New York Avenue NE, Washington, D.C., United States.

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The World's Billionaires

The World's Billionaires is an annual ranking of the world's wealthiest people, compiled and published by the American business magazine Forbes in March.

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Therese Shaheen

Therese Shaheen (夏馨), a businesswoman and entrepreneur, was Chairman and Managing Director of the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) from 2002 to 2004.

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Thomas J. Pickard

Thomas J. Pickard (born January 6, 1950) was an acting Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 71 days in the summer of 2001 following the tenure of Director Louis Freeh.

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Thomas Kean

Thomas Howard "Tom" Kean, Sr. (born April 21, 1935) is an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 48th Governor of New Jersey from 1982 to 1990.

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Threatening terrorism against the United States

Threatening terrorism against the United States is a class C felony punishable by 10 years imprisonment under.

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Three-peat

Three-peat is a term used primarily in American sports to refer to winning three consecutive championships.

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Thunder Over Louisville

Thunder Over Louisville, the annual kickoff event of the Kentucky Derby Festival, is an airshow and fireworks display in Louisville, Kentucky.

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Time limit

A time limit or deadline is a narrow field of time, or a particular point in time, by which an objective or task must be accomplished.

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Tire

A tire (American English) or tyre (British English) is a ring-shaped vehicle component that covers the wheel's rim to protect it and enable better vehicle performance.

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Toby Studebaker

Toby Studebaker was a former U.S. Marine who abducted a 12-year-old British girl in 2003 after grooming her via the Internet and was jailed for four and a half years.

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Toledo, Spain

Toledo is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south of Madrid.

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Ton

The ton is a unit of measure.

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Tony Blair

Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British Labour Party politician, who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007.

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Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe

The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE), (commonly referred to as the European Constitution or as the Constitutional Treaty), was an unratified international treaty intended to create a consolidated constitution for the European Union (EU).

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Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.

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Trojan horse (computing)

A Trojan horse, or Trojan, in computing is any malicious computer program which misrepresents itself as useful, routine, or interesting in order to persuade a victim to install it.

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Tunisia

No description.

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Turing Award

The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to "an individual selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community".

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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Tyco International

Tyco International Ltd. is a security systems company incorporated in Ireland, with United States operational headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey (Tyco International (US) Inc.). Tyco International is composed of two major business segments: Security Solutions and Fire Protection.

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Ukraine

Ukraine (Україна, tr. Ukraina) is a country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Unborn Victims of Violence Act

The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-212) is a United States law which recognizes a child in utero as a legal victim, if they are injured or killed during the commission of any of over 60 listed federal crimes of violence.

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Unemployment

Unemployment occurs when people are without work and actively seeking work.

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Uniform

A uniform is a type of clothing worn by members of an organization while participating in that organization's activity.

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United Kingdom European Constitution referendum

A referendum was expected to take place in the United Kingdom in 2006 to decide whether the country should ratify the proposed Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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United Nations Commission on Human Rights

The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was a functional commission within the overall framework of the United Nations from 1946 until it was replaced by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2006.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United Russia

United Russia (Еди́ная Росси́я; Yedinaya Rossiya) is the current ruling political party in Russia.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.

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United States Department of Labor

The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments.

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United States fifty-dollar bill

The United States fifty-dollar bill ($50) is a denomination of United States currency.

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United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.

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United States presidential election, 2004

The United States presidential election of 2004 was the 55th quadrennial presidential election.

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United States Secretary of Defense

The Secretary of Defense (SecDef) is the leader and chief executive officer of the Department of Defense, an Executive Department of the Government of the United States of America.

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University of Chicago

The University of Chicago (U of C, Chicago, or UChicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois.

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University of Connecticut

The University of Connecticut (UConn) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Connecticut.

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, also known as UNC, UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, University of North Carolina, or simply Carolina, is a coeducational public research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.

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Unmanned aerial vehicle

An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone and also referred to as a remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.

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Urban warfare

Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities.

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Uri Party

The Yeollin Uri Party (ko: 열린우리당, en: "Opened Our Party"), generally abbreviated to Uri Party (ko: 우리당, en: "Our Party"), was the briefly ruling political party in South Korea (2004–2007) with a centrist political ideology.

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USA Today

USA Today is a national American daily middle-market newspaper published by the Gannett Company.

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Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (literally "Northern Province"), abbreviated as UP, is a state located in Northern India.

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Veckans Affärer

Veckans Affärer (Swedish: lit. "the week's business") is a Swedish business magazine published on a weekly basis in Stockholm, dealing in all business-related matters both within and outside Sweden.

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Videotape

Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing motion images and usually sound, as opposed to film or random-access digital media.

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Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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Visa (document)

A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen"), is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a noncitizen to enter and temporarily remain within that country.

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Vladimír Mečiar

Vladimír Mečiar (born 26 July 1942) is a former Slovak politician who served three times as Prime Minister of Slovakia serving from 1990 to 1991, from 1992 to 1994, and from 1994 to 1998.

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Voice acting

Voice acting is the art of doing voice-overs or providing voices for animated characters in various works, including feature films, dubbed foreign language films, animated short films, television programs, commercials, radio or audio dramas, comedy, video games, puppet shows, amusement rides, audiobooks and documentaries.

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Volkswagen

Volkswagen (VW) is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.

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War on Terror

The War on Terror (WoT), also known as the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), refers to the international military campaign that started after the September 11 attacks on the United States.

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Warrior

A warrior is a person specializing in combat or warfare, especially within the context of a tribal or clan-based warrior culture society that recognizes a separate warrior class or caste.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.

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West Bank

The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit or Cisjordan is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, forming the bulk of the Palestinian territories. The West Bank shares boundaries (demarcated by the Jordanian-Israeli armistice of 1949) to the west, north, and south with the state of Israel, and to the east, across the Jordan River, with Jordan. The West Bank also contains a significant coastline along the western bank of the Dead Sea. The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, has a land area of 5,640 km2 plus a water area of 220 km2, consisting of the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea. It has an estimated population of 2,676,740 (July 2013). More than 80%, about 2,100,000, are Palestinian Arabs, and approximately 500,000 are Jewish Israelis living in the West Bank, including about 192,000 in East Jerusalem, in Israeli settlements. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this. The International Court of Justice advisory ruling (2004) concluded that events that came after the 1967 occupation of the West Bank by Israel, including the Jerusalem Law, Israel's peace treaty with Jordan and the Oslo Accords, did not change the status of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) as occupied territory with Israel as the occupying power.

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West Indies

The West Indies is a region of the Caribbean Basin and North Atlantic Ocean that includes the many islands and island nations of the Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.

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Western Wall

The Western Wall, Wailing Wall or Kotel (Hebrew: He-Kotel.ogg, translit.: HaKotel HaMa'aravi; Ashkenazic pronunciation: Kosel; حائط البراق, translit.: Ḥā'iṭ Al-Burāq, translat.: the Buraq Wall, or al-Mabka: the Place of Weeping) is located in the Old City of Jerusalem.

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Wheelchair

A wheelchair is a chair fitted with wheels.

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White House

The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800.

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Workshop

Beginning with the Industrial Revolution era, a workshop may be a room or building which provides both the area and tools (or machinery) that may be required for the manufacture or repair of manufactured goods.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.

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World record

A world record is usually the best global performance ever recorded and officially verified in a specific skill or sport.

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Worship

Worship is an act of religious devotion usually directed towards a deity.

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Wrecking yard

A wrecking yard (Australian, New Zealand, and Canadian English), scrapyard (British English) or junkyard (American English) is the location of a business in dismantling where wrecked or decommissioned vehicles are brought, their usable parts are sold for use in operating vehicles, while the unusable metal parts, known as scrap metal parts, are sold to metal-recycling companies.

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Yala Province

Yala (ยะลา) is the southernmost province (changwat) of Thailand.

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Yangon

Yangon (ရန်ကုန်, MLCTS rankun mrui,; also known as Rangoon, literally: "End of Strife") is a former capital of Myanmar (Burma) and the capital of Yangon Region.

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Yasser Arafat

Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa (محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات; 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as Yasser Arafat (ياسر عرفات) or by his kunya Abu Ammar (أبو عمار), was a Palestinian leader.

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Zhao Ziyang

Zhao Ziyang (pronounced; 17 October 1919 – 17 January 2005) was a high-ranking politician in China.

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Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.

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1,000,000,000

1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.

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14th Dalai Lama

The 14th Dalai Lama /ˌdæl.aɪˈlɑː.mə/ (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso, born Lhamo Dondrub, 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama and is the longest-lived incumbent.

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1949 Armistice Agreements

The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed during 1949 between Israel and neighboring Egypt, UN Doc S/1264/Corr.1 23 February 1949 Lebanon, UN Doc S/1296 23 March 1949 Jordan, UN Doc S/1302/Rev.1 3 April 1949 and Syria.

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2003 invasion of Iraq

The 2003 Invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States (prior to 19 March, the mission in Iraq was called Operation Enduring Freedom, a carryover from the War in Afghanistan).

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2004 Iraq KBR convoy ambush

The Good Friday Ambush 2004, was an attack by Iraqi insurgents on April 9, 2004 during the Iraq War on a convoy of American supply trucks (near the Baghdad International Airport).

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2004 Madrid train bombings

The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections and two and a half years after the September 11 attacks in the United States.

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2004 Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prizes for 2004 were announced on April 5, 2004.

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3-19 shooting incident

The 3-19 shooting incident was an assassination attempt on President Chen Shui-bian and Vice President Annette Lu while they were campaigning in Tainan, Taiwan on March 19, 2004, the day before Taiwan's presidential election.

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9/11 Commission

The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was set up on November 27, 2002, "to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11 attacks", including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks.

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Redirects here:

2004.04, 23 April 2004, 3 April 2004, April 1, 2004, April 10, 2004, April 11, 2004, April 12, 2004, April 13, 2004, April 14, 2004, April 15, 2004, April 16, 2004, April 17, 2004, April 18, 2004, April 19, 2004, April 2, 2004, April 20, 2004, April 21, 2004, April 22, 2004, April 23, 2004, April 24, 2004, April 25, 2004, April 26, 2004, April 27, 2004, April 28, 2004, April 29, 2004, April 3, 2004, April 30, 2004, April 4, 2004, April 5, 2004, April 6, 2004, April 7, 2004, April 8, 2004, April 9, 2004, April Fool's Day 2004, April of 2004.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_2004

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