88 relations: Abstract data type, Ada (programming language), ALGOL 60, Algorithm, Aliasing (computing), APL (programming language), Array access analysis, Array data structure, Array programming, Array slicing, Assignment (computer science), Associative array, AWK, Axiom, Bounds checking, Bounds-checking elimination, Byte, C (programming language), C++, COBOL, Comparison of programming languages (array), Compile time, Compiler, Computer science, Data type, Delimiter-separated values, Domain-specific language, Dope vector, Dot product, Dynamic array, Edsger W. Dijkstra, Enumerated type, Exception handling, Floating point, Fortran, GAUSS (software), Hadamard product (matrices), Hash table, IDL (programming language), Iliffe vector, Integer (computer science), Interval (mathematics), Jagged array, Julia (programming language), Library (computing), Linear algebra, Linked list, List (abstract data type), Lua (programming language), Mathematica, ..., Mathematics, MATLAB, Matrix (mathematics), NumPy, Object-oriented programming, Off-by-one error, Parallel array, Pascal (programming language), Pointer (computer programming), Primitive data type, Programmer, Python (programming language), Random access, Rank (computer programming), Rank (linear algebra), Record (computer science), Reference (computer science), Run time (program lifecycle phase), Scripting language, Search data structure, Search tree, Sequence, Sparse array, Statement (computer science), String (computer science), String literal, System programming language, Tensor (intrinsic definition), Third-generation programming language, Triangular array, Tuple, Type theory, Value (computer science), Variable (computer science), Variable-length array, Vector space, Visual Basic .NET, Zero-based numbering. Expand index (38 more) »

## Abstract data type

In computer science, an abstract data type (ADT) is a mathematical model for data types where a data type is defined by its behavior (semantics) from the point of view of a user of the data, specifically in terms of possible values, possible operations on data of this type, and the behavior of these operations.

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## Ada (programming language)

Ada is a structured, statically typed, imperative, wide-spectrum, and object-oriented high-level computer programming language, extended from Pascal and other languages.

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## ALGOL 60

ALGOL 60 (short for ALGOrithmic Language 1960) is a member of the ALGOL family of computer programming languages.

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## Algorithm

In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed.

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## Aliasing (computing)

In computing, aliasing describes a situation in which a data location in memory can be accessed through different symbolic names in the program.

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## APL (programming language)

APL (named after the book A Programming Language) is a programming language developed in the 1960s by Kenneth E. Iverson.

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## Array access analysis

In computer science, array access analysis is a compiler analysis used to decide the read and write access patterns to elements or portions of arrays.

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## Array data structure

In computer science, an array data structure or simply an array is a data structure consisting of a collection of elements (values or variables), each identified by at least one array index or key.

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## Array programming

In computer science, array programming languages (also known as vector or multidimensional languages) generalize operations on scalars to apply transparently to vectors, matrices, and higher-dimensional arrays.

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## Array slicing

In computer programming, array slicing is an operation that extracts certain elements from an array and packages them as another array, possibly with different number of indices (or dimensions) and different index ranges.

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## Assignment (computer science)

In computer programming, an assignment statement sets and/or re-sets the value stored in the storage location(s) denoted by a variable name; in other words, it copies a value into the variable.

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## Associative array

In computer science, an associative array, map, symbol table, or dictionary is an abstract data type composed of a collection of (key, value) pairs, such that each possible key appears just once in the collection.

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## AWK

AWK is an interpreted programming language designed for text processing and typically used as a data extraction and reporting tool.

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## Axiom

An axiom or postulate is a premise or starting point of reasoning.

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## Bounds checking

In computer programming, bounds checking is any method of detecting whether a variable is within some bounds before it is used.

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## Bounds-checking elimination

In computer science, bounds-checking elimination is a compiler optimization useful in programming languages or runtimes that enforce bounds checking, the practice of checking every index into an array to verify that the index is within the defined valid range of indexes.

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## Byte

The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits.

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## C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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## C++

C++ (pronounced as cee plus plus) is a general-purpose programming language.

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## COBOL

COBOL (an acronym for common business-oriented language) is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.

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## Comparison of programming languages (array)

This comparison of programming languages (array) compares the features of array data structures or matrix processing for over 48 various computer programming languages.

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## Compile time

In computer science, compile time refers to either the operations performed by a compiler (the "compile-time operations"), programming language requirements that must be met by source code for it to be successfully compiled (the "compile-time requirements"), or properties of the program that can be reasoned about during compilation.

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## Compiler

A compiler is a computer program (or a set of programs) that transforms source code written in a programming language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language), with the latter often having a binary form known as object code.

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## Computer science

Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations Computer science is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications.

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## Data type

In computer science and computer programming, a data type or simply type is a classification identifying one of various types of data, such as real, integer or Boolean, that determines the possible values for that type; the operations that can be done on values of that type; the meaning of the data; and the way values of that type can be stored.

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## Delimiter-separated values

Formats that use delimiter-separated values (also DSV)DSV stands for Delimiter Separated Values p 113.

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## Domain-specific language

A domain-specific language (DSL) is a computer language specialized to a particular application domain.

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## Dope vector

In computer programming, a dope vector is a data structure used to hold information about a data object, e.g. an array, especially its memory layout.

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## Dot product

In mathematics, the dot product or scalar product (sometimes inner product in the context of Euclidean space, or rarely projection product for emphasizing the geometric significance), is an algebraic operation that takes two equal-length sequences of numbers (usually coordinate vectors) and returns a single number.

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## Dynamic array

In computer science, a dynamic array, growable array, resizable array, dynamic table, mutable array, or array list is a random access, variable-size list data structure that allows elements to be added or removed.

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## Edsger W. Dijkstra

Edsger Wybe Dijkstra (11 May 1930 – 6 August 2002) was a Dutch computer scientist and mathematical scientist.

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## Enumerated type

In computer programming, an enumerated type (also called enumeration or enum, or factor in the R programming language, and a categorical variable in statistics) is a data type consisting of a set of named values called elements, members or enumerators of the type.

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## Exception handling

Exception handling is the process of responding to the occurrence, during computation, of exceptions – anomalous or exceptional conditions requiring special processing – often changing the normal flow of program execution.

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## Floating point

In computing, floating point is the formulaic representation which approximates a real number so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.

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## Fortran

Fortran (previously FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translating System) is a general-purpose, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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## GAUSS (software)

GAUSS is a matrix programming language for mathematics and statistics, developed and marketed by Aptech Systems.

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## Hadamard product (matrices)

In mathematics, the Hadamard product (also known as the Schur product or the entrywise product) is a binary operation that takes two matrices of the same dimensions, and produces another matrix where each element ij is the product of elements ij of the original two matrices.

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## Hash table

In computing, a hash table (hash map) is a data structure used to implement an associative array, a structure that can map keys to values.

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## IDL (programming language)

IDL, short for Interactive Data Language, is a programming language used for data analysis.

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## Iliffe vector

In computer programming, an Iliffe vector, also known as a display, is a data structure used to implement multi-dimensional arrays.

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## Integer (computer science)

In computer science, an integer is a datum of integral data type, a data type which represents some finite subset of the mathematical integers.

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## Interval (mathematics)

In mathematics, an (real) interval is a set of real numbers with the property that any number that lies between two numbers in the set is also included in the set.

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## Jagged array

In computer science, a jagged array, also known as a ragged array, is an array of arrays of which the member arrays can be of different sizes, producing rows of jagged edges when visualized as output.

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## Julia (programming language)

Julia is a high-level dynamic programming language designed to address the requirements of high-performance numerical and scientific computing while also being effective for general-purpose programming, even web use or as a specification language.

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## Library (computing)

In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often to develop software.

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## Linear algebra

Linear algebra is the branch of mathematics concerning vector spaces and linear mappings between such spaces.

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## Linked list

In computer science, a linked list is a data structure consisting of a group of nodes which together represent a sequence.

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## List (abstract data type)

In computer science, a list or sequence is an abstract data type that represents an ordered sequence of values, where the same value may occur more than once.

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## Lua (programming language)

Lua (from meaning moon; explicitly not "LUA" for it is not an acronym) is a lightweight multi-paradigm programming language designed as a scripting language with extensible semantics as a primary goal.

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## Mathematica

Mathematica is a computational software program used in many scientific, engineering, mathematical and computing fields, based on symbolic mathematics.

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## Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.

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## MATLAB

MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and fourth-generation programming language.

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## Matrix (mathematics)

In mathematics, a matrix (plural matrices) is a rectangular array—of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns—that is interpreted and manipulated in certain prescribed ways.

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## NumPy

NumPy is an extension to the Python programming language, adding support for large, multi-dimensional arrays and matrices, along with a large library of high-level mathematical functions to operate on these arrays.

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## Object-oriented programming

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which are data structures that contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A distinguishing feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").

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## Off-by-one error

An off-by-one error (OBOE), also commonly known as an OBOB (off-by-one bug), is a logic error involving the discrete equivalent of a boundary condition.

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## Parallel array

In computing, a group of parallel arrays is a data structure for representing arrays of records.

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## Pascal (programming language)

Pascal is a historically influential imperative and procedural programming language, designed in 1968–1969 and published in 1970 by Niklaus Wirth as a small and efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985.

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## Pointer (computer programming)

In computer science, a pointer is a programming language object, whose value refers to (or "points to") another value stored elsewhere in the computer memory using its address.

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## Primitive data type

In computer science, primitive data type is either of the following.

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## Programmer

A programmer, computer programmer, developer, coder, or software engineer is a person who writes computer software.

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## Python (programming language)

Python is a widely used general-purpose, high-level programming language.

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## Random access

In computer science, random access (more precisely and more generally called direct access) is the ability to access an item of data at any given coordinates in a population of addressable elements.

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## Rank (computer programming)

In computer programming, rank with no further specifications is usually a synonym for (or refers to) "number of dimensions"; thus, a bi-dimensional array has rank two, a three-dimensional array has rank three and so on.

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## Rank (linear algebra)

In linear algebra, the rank of a matrix A is the dimension of the vector space generated (or spanned) by its columns.

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## Record (computer science)

In computer science, a record (also called struct or compound data) is a basic data structure (a tuple may or may not be considered a record, and vice versa, depending on conventions and the programming language at hand).

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## Reference (computer science)

In computer science, a reference is a value that enables a program to indirectly access a particular datum, such as a variable or a record, in the computer's memory or in some other storage device.

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## Run time (program lifecycle phase)

In computer science, run time, runtime or execution time is the time during which a program is running (executing), in contrast to other program lifecycle phases such as compile time, link time and load time.

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## Scripting language

A scripting language or script language is a programming language that supports scripts, programs written for a special run-time environment that can interpret (rather than compile) and automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.

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## Search data structure

In computer science, a search data structure is any data structure that allows the efficient retrieval of specific items from a set of items, such as a specific record from a database.

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## Search tree

In computer science, a search tree is a tree data structure used for locating specific values from within a set.

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## Sequence

In mathematics, a sequence is an ordered collection of objects in which repetitions are allowed.

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## Sparse array

In computer science, a sparse array is an array in which most of the elements have the default value (usually 0 or null).

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## Statement (computer science)

In computer programming a statement is the smallest standalone element of an imperative programming language that expresses some action to be carried out.

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## String (computer science)

In computer programming, a string is traditionally a sequence of characters, either as a literal constant or as some kind of variable.

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## String literal

A string literal or anonymous string is the representation of a string value within the source code of a computer program.

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## System programming language

A system programming language usually refers to a programming language used for system programming; such languages are designed for writing system software, which usually requires different development approaches when compared with application software.

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## Tensor (intrinsic definition)

In mathematics, the modern component-free approach to the theory of a tensor views a tensor as an abstract object, expressing some definite type of multi-linear concept.

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## Third-generation programming language

A third-generation programming language (3GL) is a generational way to categorize high-level computer programming languages.

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## Triangular array

In mathematics and computing, a triangular array of numbers, polynomials, or the like, is a doubly indexed sequence in which each row is only as long as the row's own index.

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## Tuple

A tuple is a finite ordered list of elements.

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## Type theory

In mathematics, logic, and computer science, a type theory is any of a class of formal systems, some of which can serve as alternatives to set theory as a foundation for all mathematics.

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## Value (computer science)

In computer science, a value is an expression which cannot be evaluated any further (a normal form).

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## Variable (computer science)

In computer programming, a variable or scalar is a storage location paired with an associated symbolic name (an identifier), which contains some known or unknown quantity of information referred to as a value.

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## Variable-length array

In computer programming, a variable-length array (or VLA) is an array data structure of automatic storage duration whose length is determined at run time (instead of at compile time).

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## Vector space

A vector space (also called a linear space) is a collection of objects called vectors, which may be added together and multiplied ("scaled") by numbers, called scalars in this context.

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## Visual Basic .NET

Visual Basic.NET (VB.NET) is a multi-paradigm, high level programming language, implemented on the.NET Framework.

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## Zero-based numbering

Zero-based numbering or index origin.

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## References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Array_data_type