267 relations: About.com, Agricultural Bank of China, American English, American Express, Antarctica, Application programming interface, Application software, Application-specific integrated circuit, Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Armed Forces Financial Network, Arthur Hailey, Asymmetric digital subscriber line, Asynchronous communication, ATM card, ATM Controller, ATM usage fees, Australia, Australian English, Authorization (computer access control), Automated cash handling, Axis Bank, BancNet, Banco do Brasil, Banesto, Bank statement, Bank teller, Bank vault, Banknote, Banknote counter, Banrisul, Barclays, Barcode reader, BBC London, Belgium, Biometrics, Bloomberg L.P., Brazil, British English, Burroughs Corporation, Calculator, Canadian English, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Carbon-14, Card security code, Carte Bleue, Cash, Cash advance, Cash register, Cashier, CEN/XFS, ..., Central processing unit, Check 21 Act, Chemical Bank, China, Chubb Locks, Cirrus (interbank network), Citibank, Closed-circuit television, Communist Party of China, Counterfeit, Credit card fraud, Cruise ship, Currency detector, Current account, Customer relationship management, Daily News and Analysis, Dallas, Data Encryption Standard, De La Rue, Denmark, Denomination (currency), Device driver, Diebold, Diebold 10xx, Donald Wetzel, Drive-through, Dual-tone multi-frequency signaling, EFTPOS, Ein Bokek, Electronic funds transfer, Emergency telephone number, EMV, Encryption, Enfield Town, Ethernet, Euronet Worldwide, Europe, European Committee for Standardization, Exchange rate, Expected, Extremes on Earth, Facial recognition system, Federal Criminal Police Office (Germany), Financial cryptography, Financial institution, Financial transaction, Foreign, Fortune (magazine), France, French language, Front and back ends, Fujitsu, Function key, Georgia (U.S. state), Germany, Gift card, Gold, Grand Theft Auto Online, Hard disk drive failure, Hardware emulation, Hiberno-English, IBM, IBM 3624, IBM Systems Network Architecture, Illinois, India, Indian English, Information transfer, Integrated circuit, Intelligent banknote neutralisation system, Interac, Interactive Financial Exchange, Interactive kiosk, Interbank network, Internet protocol suite, Iris recognition, ISO 8583, J/XFS, James Goodfellow, John Shepherd-Barron, Kansas, Key management, Korala Associates Limited, Lebanese loop, LINK (UK), Linux, List of banks in Sweden, List of northernmost items, List of southernmost items, Lloyds Bank, Lloyds Banking Group, Longyearbyen, Lottery, Luther George Simjian, Machine, Madrid, Magnetic stripe card, Magnetism, Malaysian English, Maldivian English, Man-in-the-middle attack, Manchester, Connecticut, MarketWatch, Matt Lynn, McMurdo Station, MegaLink, Message authentication code, Metro station, Microcontroller, Microsoft Windows, Middleware, Midland Bank, Mobile phone, Modem, Mondex, MS-DOS, Multibanco, Nagqu County, Nathu La, National Museum of American History, NatWest, NCR Corporation, Netherlands, New York, New York City, Nordea, North London, Norway, NYCE, Operating system, Order of the British Empire, OS/2, Panic button, Passbook, Payroll, Personal computer, Personal identification number, Peseta, Phantom withdrawal, Philippine English, Phone connector (audio), Plain old telephone service, Plus (interbank network), Postage stamp, Pulse (interbank network), Radiation, Ram-raiding, RAS syndrome, Real-time operating system, Realm of New Zealand, Reg Varney, Registered trademark symbol, RISKS Digest, RMX (operating system), Rockville Centre, New York, Ross Dependency, Scrip cash dispenser, Secure cryptoprocessor, Security, Security guard, Security of automated teller machines, Self-service, Shopping mall, Shoulder surfing (computer security), Silicone, Singapore English, Smart card, Smiths Group, Software, Sound, South African English, Spain, Speech synthesis, Sri Lankan English, STAR (interbank network), Stored-value card, Svalbard, Swedbank, Synchronous Data Link Control, Taiwan, Talking ATM, Tamper-evident technology, Telephone, Teller assist unit, Teller system, Test money, The Moneychangers, The Real Hustle, The Royal Bank of Scotland, The Sydney Morning Herald, Tibet, Touchscreen, Train station, Transport Layer Security, Traveler's cheque, Triple DES, Trusted system, UL (safety organization), United States, United States Navy, Verification and validation, Video banking, Videoconferencing, Virtual private network, Visa Cash, Vortex Engineering, WAVY-TV, Wells Fargo, White-label ABMs, Wincor Nixdorf, Windows 2000, Windows CE, Windows NT, Windows XP editions, Write once, run anywhere, X.25, 2005 New Year Honours. Expand index (217 more) » « Shrink index
About.com, also known as The About Group (formerly About Inc.), is an Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites," of which there are nearly 1,000.
Agricultural Bank of China Limited (ABC), also known as AgBank or 农行 Nóngháng, is one of the "Big Four" banks in the People's Republic of China.
American English, or United States (U.S.) English, is the set of dialects of the English language native to the United States.
The American Express Company, also known as Amex, is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Manhattan's Three World Financial Center in New York City, United States.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications.
An application program (or application for short) is a computer program designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
An application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Armed Forces Financial Network (AFFN) is an interbank network with a mission to increase the versatility of participating financial institutions to better serve the U.S. Military.
Arthur Hailey (5 April 1920 – 24 November 2004) was a British/Canadian novelist, whose works have sold more than 170 million copies in 40 languages.
Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) is a type of digital subscriber line (DSL) technology, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide.
In telecommunications, asynchronous communication is transmission of data, generally without the use of an external clock signal, where data can be transmitted intermittently rather than in a steady stream.
An ATM card is any payment card issued by a financial institution that enables a customer to access an automated teller machine (ATM) in order to perform transactions such as deposits, cash withdrawals, obtaining account information, etc.
An ATM controller (ATMC) is a system used in financial institutions to route financial transactions between ATMs, core banking systems and other banks.
ATM usage fees are the fees that many banks and interbank networks charge for the use of their automated teller machines (ATMs).
Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.
Australian English (AusE, AuE, AusEng, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language and is used throughout Australia.
Authorization or authorisation is the function of specifying access rights to resources related to information security and computer security in general and to access control in particular.
Automated cash handling is the process of dispensing, counting and tracking cash in a bank, retail, check cashing, payday loan / advance, casino or other business environment through specially designed hardware and software for the purposes of loss prevention, theft deterrence and reducing management time for oversight of cash drawer (till) operations.
Axis Bank Limited (formerly UTI Bank) is the third largest private sector bank in India.
Bancnet, Inc. is a Philippine-based interbank network connecting the ATM networks of local and offshore banks, and the largest interbank network in the Philippines in terms of the number of member banks and annual transactions.
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Banco do Brasil S.A. (Bank of Brazil) is the largest Brazilian and Latin American bank by assets, and the third by market value.
Banesto (officially Banco Español de Crédito, S.A., "Spanish credit bank") was a Spanish bank, 88.4% owned by the Santander Group.
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A bank statement or account statement is a summary of financial transactions which have occurred over a given period on a bank account held by a person or business with a financial institution.
A bank teller is an employee of a bank who deals directly with most customers.
A bank vault (or strongroom) is a secure space where money, valuables, records, and documents can be stored.
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable instrument known as a promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
A banknote counter (or bill counter) is a device designed primarily to accurately count a quantity of banknotes.
Banrisul is the largest bank in Southern Brazil and operates primarily in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), with a network that serves more than 365 cities.
Barclays is a British multinational banking & financial services company headquartered in London.
A barcode reader (or barcode scanner) is an electronic device that can read and output printed barcodes to a computer.
BBC London is the BBC English Region producing local radio, television, teletext and online services in London and parts of the surrounding area.
Belgium (België; Belgique; Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe.
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Biometrics refers to metrics related to human characteristics.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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British English is the English language as spoken and written in Great Britain or, more broadly, throughout the British Isles.
The Burroughs Corporation was a major American manufacturer of business equipment.
An electronic calculator is a small, portable electronic device used to perform both basic operations of arithmetic and complex mathematical operations.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the variety of English spoken in Canada.
The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (Banque Canadienne Impériale de Commerce), commonly CIBC, is one of Canada's chartered banks, fifth largest by deposits.
Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with a nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.
A card security code (CSC), (also called card verification data, card verification number, card verification value, card verification value code, card verification code, verification code (V-code or V code), card code verification, or signature panel code (SPC) are different terms for a security feature for "card not present" payment card transactions instituted to reduce the incidence of credit card fraud. The CSC is in addition to the bank card number which is embossed or printed on the card. The CSC is used as a security feature, in situations where a PIN cannot be used. The PIN is not printed or embedded on the card but is manually entered by the cardholder during a point-of-sale (card present) transactions. Contactless card and chip cards may electronically generate their own code, such as iCVV or Dynamic CVV. CSC was originally developed in the UK as an 11 character alphanumeric code by Equifax employee Michael Stone in 1995. After testing with the Littlewoods Home Shopping group and NatWest Bank, the concept was adopted by APACS (the UK Association of Payment Clearing Services) and streamlined to the 3 digit code known today. MasterCard started issuing in 1997 and Visa in the United States issued them by 2001. American Express started to use the CSC in 1999 in response to growing internet transactions and card member complaints of spending interruptions when the security of a card has been brought into question.
Carte Bleue (Blue Card) was a major debit card payment system operating in France.
In English vernacular cash refers to money in the physical form of currency, such as banknotes and coins.
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A cash advance is a service provided by most credit card and charge card issuers.
A cash register, also referred to as a till in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries, is a mechanical or electronic device for registering and calculating transactions.
A cashier is a person who handles the cash register at various locations such as the point of sale in a retail store.
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CEN/XFS or XFS (eXtensions for Financial Services) provides a client-server architecture for financial applications on the Microsoft Windows platform, especially peripheral devices such as EFTPOS terminals and ATMs which are unique to the financial industry.
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A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
The Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (or Check 21 Act) is a United States federal law,, that was enacted on October 28, 2003 by the 108th U.S. Congress.
Chemical Bank was a bank with headquarters in New York City from 1824 until 1996.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Chubb Locks is a brand name of the Mul-T-Lock subsidiary of the Assa Abloy Group, which manufactures high security locking systems for residential, secure confinement and commercial applications.
Cirrus is a worldwide interbank network operated by MasterCard Worldwide.
Citibank is the consumer division of financial services multinational Citigroup.
Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
To counterfeit means to imitate something.
Credit card fraud is a wide-ranging term for theft and fraud committed using or involving a payment card, such as a credit card or debit card, as a fraudulent source of funds in a transaction.
A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ship's amenities are a part of the experience, as well as the different destinations along the way.
A currency detector or currency validator is a device that determines whether bills or coins are genuine or counterfeit.
In economics, a country's current account is one of the two components of its balance of payments, the other being the capital account (sometimes called the financial account).
Customer relationship management (CRM) is an approach to managing a company’s interaction with current and future customers.
Daily News and Analysis (DNA) is an Indian broadsheet launched in 2005 and published in English from Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jaipur, Bengaluru and Indore in India. It is the first English broadsheet daily in India to introduce an all-colour page format. It targets a young readership and is owned and managed by Diligent Media Corporation.
Dallas is a major city in Texas and is the largest urban center of the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the United States.
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The Data Encryption Standard (DES, or) was once a predominant symmetric-key algorithm for the encryption of electronic data.
De La Rue plc is a banknote manufacturer, security printing, papermaking and cash handling systems company with headquarters in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England.
Denmark (Danmark) is a country in Northern Europe.
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Denomination is a proper description of a currency amount, usually for coins or banknotes.
In computing, a device driver (commonly referred to as a driver) is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Diebold, Inc. (DEE-bold) is a United States-based financial self-service, security and services corporation that is engaged primarily in the sale, manufacture, installation and service of self-service transaction systems (such as ATMs), electronic and physical security products (including vaults and currency processing systems), and software and integrated systems for global financial and commercial markets.
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The Diebold 10xx (or Modular Delivery System, MDS) series is a third and fourth generation family of automated teller machines manufactured by Diebold.
Donald C. Wetzel (born ca. 1920) is an American engineer known for holding the USA patent to the automatic teller machine.
A drive-through, or drive-thru, is a type of service provided by a business that allows customers to purchase products without leaving their cars.
Dual-tone multi-frequency signaling (DTMF) is an in-band telecommunication signaling system using the voice-frequency band over telephone lines between telephone equipment and other communications devices and switching centers.
EFTPOS (pronounced) — electronic funds transfer at point of sale — is an electronic payment system involving electronic funds transfers based on the use of payment cards, such as debit or credit cards, at payment terminals located at points of sale.
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Ein Bokek (עין בוקק) is a hotel and resort district on the Israeli shore of the Dead Sea, near Neve Zohar.
Electronic funds transfer (EFT) is the electronic transfer of money from one bank account to another, either within a single financial institution or across multiple institutions, through computer-based systems and without the direct intervention of bank staff.
In many countries the public telephone network has a single emergency telephone number (sometimes known as the universal emergency telephone number or the emergency services number) that allows a caller to contact local emergency services for assistance.
EMV is a technical standard for smart payment cards and for payment terminals and automated teller machines which can accept them.
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In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding messages or information in such a way that only authorized parties can read it.
Enfield Town, also known as Enfield, is the historic town centre of Enfield, in the London Borough of Enfield.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies for local area networks (LANs) and metropolitan area networks (MANs).
Euronet Worldwide is a US provider of electronic payment services with headquartered in Leawood, Kansas.
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
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The European Committee for Standardization (CEN, Comité Européen de Normalisation) is a nonprofit standards organization whose mission is to foster the European economy in global trading, the welfare of European citizens and the environment by providing an efficient infrastructure to interested parties for the development, maintenance and distribution of coherent sets of standards and specifications.
In finance, an exchange rate (also known as a foreign-exchange rate, forex rate, FX rate or Agio) between two currencies is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another.
Expected may refer to.
This article describes extreme locations on Earth.
A facial recognition system is a computer application capable of identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source.
The Federal Criminal Police Office of Germany (in German:, abbreviated) is the federal investigative police agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Federal Ministry of the Interior.
Financial cryptography (FC) is the use of cryptography in applications in which financial loss could result from subversion of the message system.
In finance and economics, a financial institution is an institution that provides financial services for its clients or members.
A financial transaction is an agreement, communication, or movement carried out between a buyer and a seller to exchange an asset for payment.
Foreign may refer to.
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Fortune is an American business magazine, published globally by Time Inc. and founded by Henry Luce in 1929.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
In software engineering, the terms "front end" and "back end" are distinctions which refer to the separation of concerns between a presentation layer and a data access layer respectively.
, commonly referred to as Fujitsu, is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
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A function key is a key on a computer or terminal keyboard which can be programmed so as to cause an operating system command interpreter or application program to perform certain actions, a form of soft key.
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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A gift card or (North America) gift certificate or (UK) gift voucher or gift token is a restricted monetary equivalent or scrip that is issued by retailers or banks to be used as an alternative to a non-monetary gift.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79.
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Grand Theft Auto Online is a persistent, open world online multiplayer video game developed by Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games.
A hard disk drive failure occurs when a hard disk drive malfunctions and the stored information cannot be accessed with a properly configured computer.
In integrated circuit design, hardware emulation is the process of imitating the behavior of one or more pieces of hardware (typically a system under design) with another piece of hardware, typically a special purpose emulation system.
Hiberno‐English or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the Republic of Ireland as well as Northern Ireland.
International Business Machines Corporation (commonly referred to as IBM) is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York.
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The IBM 3624 was a late 1970s second-generation automatic teller machine (ATM), a successor to the IBM 3614.
Systems Network Architecture (SNA) is IBM's proprietary networking architecture, created in 1974.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern United States.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of the Indian subcontinent.
In telecommunications, information transfer is the process of moving messages containing user information from a source to a sink via a Communication channel.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small plate ("chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
An intelligent banknote neutralisation system (IBNS) is a security system which protects valuables against unauthorised access to its contents by rendering it unusable by marking all the cash as stolen by a degradation agent when an attempted attack on the system is detected.
The Interac Association (branded as simply Interac) is a Canadian nonprofit interbank network that links financial institutions and other enterprises for the purpose of exchanging electronic financial transactions.
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Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is an XML specification for financial transactions such as bill presentment and payment, business to business and consumer to business banking (e.g.: balances, financial transaction information), payments and automated teller machine (ATM) communications.
An interactive kiosk is a computer terminal featuring specialized hardware and software designed within a public exhibit that provides access to information and applications for communication, commerce, entertainment, and education.
An interbank network, also known as an ATM consortium or ATM network, is a computer network that enables ATM cards issued by a financial institutions, which is a member of the network, to be used to perform ATM transactions through ATMs that belong to another member of the network.
The Internet protocol suite is the computer networking model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
Iris recognition is an automated method of biometric identification that uses mathematical pattern-recognition techniques on video images of one or both of the irises of an individual's eyes, whose complex random patterns are unique, stable, and can be seen from some distance.
ISO 8583 Financial transaction card originated messages — Interchange message specifications is the International Organization for Standardization standard for systems that exchange electronic transactions made by cardholders using payment cards.
J/XFS is an alternative API to CEN/XFS (which is Windows specific) and also to Xpeak (which is Operating System independent, based on XML messages).
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James Goodfellow OBE (born 1937 in Paisley, Renfrewshire) is a Scottish inventor.
John Adrian Shepherd-Barron, OBE (23 June 1925 – 15 May 2010) was a Scottish inventor, who pioneered the development of the cash machine, sometimes referred to as the Automated Teller Machine or ATM.
Kansas is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States.
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For automated management of conventional keys, see Key management system Key management is the management of cryptographic keys in a cryptosystem.
KAL is a company specialising in ATM software for bank ATMs, self-service kiosks, and bank branch networks.
A Lebanese loop is a device used to commit fraud and identity theft by exploiting automated teller machines (ATMs).
LINK is a shared interbank network of automated teller machines (ATMs) operating in the United Kingdom.
Linux (pronounced or, less frequently) is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.
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List of banks in Sweden List updated from official Swedish financial regulator Finansinspektionen on 2008-03-11.
This is a list of various northernmost things on earth.
Lloyds Bank plc is a British retail and commercial bank with branches across England and Wales.
Lloyds Banking Group plc is a major British financial institution formed through the acquisition of HBOS by Lloyds TSB in 2009.
Longyearbyen is the largest settlement and the administrative center of Svalbard, Norway.
A lottery is a form of gambling which involves the drawing of lots for a prize.
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Luther George Simjian (Լութեր Ճորճ (Կարապետ) Սիմճեան) (January 28, 1905 in Ottoman Empire – October 23, 1997) was an Armenian-American inventor of numerous devices and owner of over 200 patents.
A machine is a tool containing one or more parts that uses energy to perform an intended action.
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Madrid is a south-western European city and the capital and largest municipality of Spain.
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A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card.
Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.
Malaysian English (MyE), formally known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE), is a form of English used and spoken in Malaysia.
Maldivian English is an English dialect spoken in the Maldives.
In cryptography and computer security, a man-in-the-middle attack (often abbreviated to MITM, MitM, MIM, MiM or MITMA) is an attack where the attacker secretly relays and possibly alters the communication between two parties who believe they are directly communicating with each other.
Manchester is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States.
MarketWatch operates a financial information website that provides business news, analysis, and stock market data.
Matt Lynn (born 1962) is a British thriller writer and a financial journalist.
McMurdo Station is a U.S. Antarctic research center on the south tip of Ross Island, which is in the New Zealand-claimed Ross Dependency on the shore of McMurdo Sound in Antarctica.
MegaLink (also spelled Megalink) is an interbank network connecting the ATM networks of thirteen* participants in the Philippines with a total of more than 2,921* ATMs nationwide and handling more than 795,000* transactions a day.
In cryptography, a message authentication code (MAC) is a short piece of information used to authenticate a message -- in other words, to provide integrity and authenticity assurances on the message.
A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as "metro", "underground" and "subway".
A microcontroller (sometimes abbreviated µC, uC or MCU) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core, memory, and programmable input/output peripherals.
Microsoft Windows (or simply Windows) is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Middleware is computer software that provides services to software applications beyond those available from the operating system.
Midland Bank Plc was one of the Big Four banking groups in the United Kingdom for most of the 20th century.
A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone, hand phone, or simply a phone) is a phone that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around a wide geographic area.
A modem (modulator-demodulator) is a device that modulates signals to encode digital information and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
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Mondex is a smart card electronic cash system, implemented as a Stored-value card.
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MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
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Multibanco is an interbank network in Portugal owned and operated by Sociedade Interbancária de Serviços S.A., or SIBS, that links the ATMs of 27 banks in Portugal, totaling 12,700 machines as of December 2014.
Nagqu County is a county within the Nagqu Prefecture of the Tibet Autonomous Region, western People's Republic of China.
Nathu La (Devanagari नाथू ला;, IAST: Nāthū Lā) is a mountain pass in the Himalayas.
The National Museum of American History: Kenneth E. Behring Center collects, preserves and displays the heritage of the United States in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific and military history.
National Westminster Bank Plc, commonly known as NatWest, is the largest retail and commercial bank in the United Kingdom.
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The NCR Corporation (formerly National Cash Register) is a US-based computer hardware, software and electronics company that provides products and services that enable businesses to connect, interact and transact with their customers.
The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
Nordea Bank AB, commonly referred to as Nordea, is a Nordic financial services group operating in Northern Europe.
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North London is the northern part of London, England.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.
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The New York Currency Exchange (NYCE) is an interbank network connecting the ATMs of various financial institutions in the United States and Canada.
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An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the "order of chivalry of British democracy", rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations and public service outside the Civil Service.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM, then later developed by IBM exclusively.
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A panic alarm is an electronic device designed to assist in alerting somebody in emergency situations where a threat to persons or property exists.
A passbook or bankbook is a paper book used to record bank transactions on a deposit account.
In a company, payroll is the sum of all financial records of salaries for an employee, wages, bonuses and deductions.
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A personal computer is a general-purpose computer whose size, capabilities and original sale price make it useful for individuals, and is intended to be operated directly by an end-user with no intervening computer operator.
A personal identification number (PIN, pronounced "pin"; often redundantly PIN number) is a numeric password shared between a user and a system, that can be used to authenticate the user to the system.
The peseta was the currency of Spain between 1869 and 2002.
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A phantom withdrawal is a cash withdrawal from an automatic teller machine where money has been withdrawn from an account, and neither the customer nor the bank admit liability.
Philippine English is the variety of English used in the Philippines by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos.
In electronics, a phone connector, also known as phone jack, audio jack or jack plug, is a common family of connector typically used for analog signals, primarily audio.
Plain old telephone service (POTS) is voice-grade telephone service employing analog signal transmission over copper loops.
Plus (also known as Visa Plus or the Plus System) is an interbank network that covers all Visa credit, debit, and prepaid cards, as well as ATM cards issued by various banks worldwide.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
Pulse is an interbank electronic funds transfer (EFT) network in the United States.
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.
Ram-raiding is a variation on burglary in which a van, SUV, car, or other heavy vehicle is driven through the windows or doors of a closed shop, usually a department store or jewellers shop, to allow the perpetrators to loot it.
RAS syndrome (short for "redundant acronym syndrome syndrome") refers to the use of one or more of the words that make up an acronym or initialism in conjunction with the abbreviated form, thus in effect repeating one or more words.
A real-time operating system (RTOS) is an operating system (OS) intended to serve real-time application process data as it comes in, typically without buffering delays.
The Realm of New Zealand is the entire area in which the Queen of New Zealand is head of state.
Reginald Alfred "Reg" Varney (11 July 1916 – 16 November 2008) was an English actor, entertainer and comedian best known for his television role's on The Rag Trade and On the Buses, appearing in the latter's 3 spin-off film versions.
The registered trademark symbol (®) is a symbol that provides notice that the preceding word or symbol is a trademark or service mark that has been registered with a national trademark office.
The RISKS Digest or Forum On Risks to the Public in Computers and Related Systems is an online periodical published since 1985 by the Committee on Computers and Public Policy of the Association for Computing Machinery.
iRMX is a real-time operating system designed specifically for use with the Intel 8080 and Intel 8086 family of processors.
Rockville Centre is a village located in Nassau County, New York, in the United States.
The Ross Dependency is a region of Antarctica defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south.
A scrip cash dispenser is a computerized telecommunications device that allows a financial institution's customers a secure method of receiving cash in a retail location with the assistance of a cashier.
A secure cryptoprocessor is a dedicated computer on a chip or microprocessor for carrying out cryptographic operations, embedded in a packaging with multiple physical security measures, which give it a degree of tamper resistance.
Security is the degree of resistance to, or protection from, harm.
A security officer (or security guard) is a person who is paid to protect property, assets, or people.
Automated Teller Machines were first used in 1939.
Self service is the practice of serving oneself, usually when purchasing items.
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.
In computer security, shoulder surfing refers to using direct observation techniques, such as looking over someone's shoulder, to get information.
Silicones are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a functional group of two silicon atoms and one oxygen atom frequently combined with carbon and/ or hydrogen.
Singapore English refers to varieties of the English language spoken in Singapore, of which there are two main forms – Standard Singapore English (SSE) and Singapore Colloquial English (better known as Singlish).
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC) is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits.
Smiths Group plc is a British multinational diversified engineering business headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Computer software or simply software is any set of machine-readable instructions that directs a computer's processor to perform specific operations.
In physics, sound is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechanical wave of pressure and displacement, through a medium such as air or water.
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South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English dialects spoken by South Africans.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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Speech Synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
Sri Lankan English (SLE, en-LK) or Ceylonese English is the English language as it is spoken in Sri Lanka.
STAR is an interbank network and EFTPOS network in the United States.
A stored-value card is a payment card with a monetary value stored on the card itself, not in an external account maintained by a financial institution and differs from debit cards where money is on deposit with the issuer.
Svalbard (formerly known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
Swedbank AB is a Nordic-Baltic banking group offering retail banking, asset management, financial, and other services.
Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC) is a computer communications protocol.
Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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A Talking ATM is a type of automated teller machine (ATM) that provides audible instructions so that persons who cannot read an ATM screen can independently use the machine.
Tamper-evident describes a device or process that makes unauthorized access to the protected object easily detected.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
Teller assist units (TAU), also known as automatic teller safes (ATS) or teller cash dispensers (TCD), are devices used in retail banking for the disbursement of money at a bank teller wicket or a centralized area.
A teller system is the integrated hardware and software used for retail or wholesale banking transactions, most systems communicate with a core banking system or mainframe over a secured network.
Test money (or test notes, test bills, funny money, Monopoly money) are a part of the test apparatus that are often used with currency handling equipment, such as automatic teller machines.
The Moneychangers is a 1975 novel written by Arthur Hailey.
The Real Hustle is a British television series created by Objective Productions for BBC Three.
The Royal Bank of Scotland plc (Banca Rìoghail na h-Alba, Ryal Baunk o Scotland, Banc Brenhinol yr Alban) is one of the retail banking subsidiaries of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc, and together with NatWest and Ulster Bank, provides banking facilities throughout the UK and Ireland.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney and is also an Australian national brand.
Tibet is a region on the Tibetan Plateau in Asia northeast of the Himalayas.
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A touchscreen is an input device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), both of which are frequently referred to as 'SSL', are cryptographic protocols designed to provide communications security over a computer network.
A traveler's cheque is a medium of exchange that can be used in place of hard currency.
In cryptography, Triple DES (3DES) is the common name for the Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (TDEA or Triple DEA) symmetric-key block cipher, which applies the Data Encryption Standard (DES) cipher algorithm three times to each data block.
In the security engineering subspecialty of computer science, a trusted system is a system that is relied upon to a specified extent to enforce a specified security policy.
UL (Underwriters Laboratories) is an American worldwide safety consulting and certification company headquartered in Northbrook, Illinois.
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Verification and validation are independent procedures that are used together for checking that a product, service, or system meets requirements and specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose.
Video banking is a term used for performing banking transactions or professional banking consultations via a remote video connection.
Videoconferencing (VC) is the conduct of a videoconference (also known as a video conference or videoteleconference) by a set of telecommunication technologies which allow two or more locations to communicate by simultaneous two-way video and audio transmissions.
A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, such as the Internet.
Visa Cash is a smart card electronic cash system owned by Visa.
Vortex Engineering is an India-based company making self-service transaction systems (such as ATMs) for banks.
WAVY-TV, channel 10, is a television station licensed to Portsmouth, Virginia, USA, serving as the NBC affiliate for the Hampton Roads area of Virginia (comprising the cities of Portsmouth, Norfolk, Newport News, Virginia Beach, Hampton and environs), and the Outer Banks region of North Carolina.
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Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational banking and financial services holding company which is headquartered in San Francisco, California, with "hubquarters" throughout the country.
White label ABMs in Canada provide alternative source of cash dispensing vis-à-vis traditional automatic banking machines (ABMs) from banks.
Wincor Nixdorf is a German corporation that provides retail and retail banking hardware, software, and services.
Windows 2000 is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows Embedded Compact, formerly Windows Embedded CE and Windows CE, is an operating system subfamily developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows Embedded family of products.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows XP has been released in several editions since its original release in 2001.
"Write once, run anywhere" (WORA), or sometimes write once, run everywhere (WORE), is a slogan created by Sun Microsystems to illustrate the cross-platform benefits of the Java language.
X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication.
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