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Beeching cuts

The Beeching cuts (also Beeching Axe) refer to the reduction of route network and restructuring of the Railways in Great Britain outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board. [1]

217 relations: Argyle Line, Ashchurch for Tewkesbury railway station, Ashford, Kent, Association of Train Operating Companies, Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station, Aynho Junction, Barbara Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, BBC, Berwick-upon-Tweed railway station, Birmingham, Birmingham Snow Hill station, Birmingham Snow Hill to Wolverhampton Low Level Line, Birmingham to Worcester via Kidderminster Line, Blackfriars station, Blyth and Tyne Railway, Bordon Light Railway, Break bulk cargo, Brian Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge, British Rail, British Railways Board, British Transport Commission, Brownhills Watling Street railway station, Bus, Buxton Line, Caledonian Railway, Cam and Dursley railway station, Carlisle railway station, Central Belt, Chandler's Ford railway station, Channel Tunnel, Charnwood Forest Railway, Chase Line, Cheshire Lines Committee, Chester railway station, Chiltern Main Line, Conservative Party (UK), Containerization, Controlled-access highway, Corby railway station, Cornwall, Cotswold Line, Coventry, Coventry to Nuneaton Line, Cranleigh Line, Crewe railway station, Croy Line, Devon, Diesel locomotive, Doctor of Philosophy, East Coast Main Line, ..., East Didsbury Metrolink station, East Lancashire Railway, East London Line, East Suffolk Line, East West Rail Link, Eastleigh to Romsey Line, Ebbw Valley Railway, Edinburgh to Aberdeen Line, Edinburgh Waverley railway station, Electric locomotive, Ernest Marples, Far North Line, Farringdon station, Fawley Branch Line, First Wilson ministry, Flanders and Swann, Fleetwood Branch Line, Frank Cousins, Frank Edward Smith, Freightliner Group, G. Freeman Allen, Glasgow, Glasgow Central Railway, Glasgow Central station, Golden Valley Line, Grammar school, Great Central Main Line, Great Central Railway, Great Western Main Line, Hammersmith flyover, Hampshire, Harborne Railway, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Harrogate to Church Fenton Line, Hastings, Heart of Wales Line, High Speed 1, High Speed 2, History of rail transport in Great Britain, History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994, Honeybourne railway station, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Hull to Scarborough Line, I Like Trains, Ian Hislop, Imperial Chemical Industries, Inflation, Island Line, Isle of Wight, Ivan Stedeford, John Betjeman, Kettering railway station, Leamside Line, Level crossing, Light railway, List of British heritage and private railways, List of closed railway stations in Britain, List of heritage railway stations in the United Kingdom, Liverpool, Llanharan railway station, Loading gauge, London Overground, London to Aylesbury Line, M1 motorway, Maesteg Line, Manchester, Manchester Metrolink, Mansfield railway station, Margaret Thatcher, Marginal seat, Marples Ridgway, Marshlink Line, Melksham railway station, Merthyr Line, Metheringham railway station, Metropolitan county, Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway, Midland Main Line, Midland Metro, Milton Keynes, Minister of Technology, National Cycle Network, Nationalization, Newbridge railway station, Caerphilly, North Clyde Line, Nottingham station, Nottinghamshire, Office of Public Sector Information, Oh, Doctor Beeching!, Otley, Otley and Ilkley Joint Railway, Oxford to Bicester Line, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Passenger transport executive, Peterborough to Lincoln Line, Plymouth, Portbury, Portishead Railway, Portishead, Somerset, Postmaster General of the United Kingdom, Prime minister, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Princes Risborough railway station, Private Eye, Rail replacement bus service, Rail trail, Railway and Canal Traffic Act 1854, Railway Mania, Rationing in the United Kingdom, Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching, Roads in the United Kingdom, Robin Hood Line, Rugby Central railway station, Rugeley Town railway station, Ruskington railway station, Scholarship, Scotland, Scottish Borders, Scottish Highlands, Scottish Parliament, Secretary of State for Transport, Serpell Report, Settle-Carlisle Line, Shrewsbury to Chester Line, Skelmersdale Branch, Sleaford railway station, Slow Train, Snow Hill Tunnel (Birmingham), Snow Hill Tunnel (London), South Staffordshire Line, Southern Railway (UK), St Werburgh's Road Metrolink station, Steam locomotive, Sunderland station, Sutton Park Line, Swaffham railway station, Swansea, Swindon railway station, Tamar Valley Line, Thameslink, Thetford railway station, Tom Fraser, Torbay and Brixham Railway, Tram, Transport Act 1962, Transport Act 1968, Transport for London, Truck, United Kingdom general election, 1959, United Kingdom general election, 1964, United Kingdom general election, 1970, Vale of Glamorgan Line, Varsity Line, Victorian era, Wales, Waverley Route, West Coast Main Line, West Country, West Highland Line, Wisbech and March Bramley Line, Woodhead Line, Worksop railway station, World War I, World War II, Wrexham General railway station, Yate railway station, York to Beverley Line. Expand index (167 more) »

Argyle Line

The Argyle Line is a suburban railway located in West Central Scotland.

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Ashchurch for Tewkesbury railway station

Ashchurch for Tewkesbury is a railway station serving the North Gloucestershire & South Worcestershire Area from near Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire, England.

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Ashford, Kent

Ashford is a town in the county of Kent, England.

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Association of Train Operating Companies

The Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) is a body that represents the 23 train operating companies that provide passenger services on the privatised British railway system.

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Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station

Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station is a railway station serving villages northwest of Aylesbury, England.

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Aynho Junction

| Aynho Junction is a railway junction in Northamptonshire, England, a few miles south of.

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Barbara Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn

Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC, GCOT (born Betts, 6 October 1910 – 3 May 2002) was a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for Blackburn from 1945 to 1979, making her the longest-serving female MP in the history of the House of Commons, until that record was broken in 2007 by Gwyneth Dunwoody.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public-service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London.

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Berwick-upon-Tweed railway station

Berwick-upon-Tweed railway station serves the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed in Northumberland, England.

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Birmingham

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

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Birmingham Snow Hill station

Birmingham Snow Hill is a railway station and tram terminus in the centre of Birmingham, England.

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Birmingham Snow Hill to Wolverhampton Low Level Line

The Birmingham Snow Hill to Wolverhampton Low Level Line was part of the Great Western Railway's London Paddington to Birkenhead Woodside route.

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Birmingham to Worcester via Kidderminster Line

The Birmingham to Worcester via Kidderminster Line is a suburban railway line from Birmingham Snow Hill to Worcester via Stourbridge and Kidderminster.

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Blackfriars station

Blackfriars, also known as London Blackfriars, is a central London railway station and connected London Underground station located in the City of London.

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Blyth and Tyne Railway

The Blyth and Tyne Railway is a railway in Northumberland, England, built chiefly to link the collieries in Ashington, Seghill and Blyth to the River Tyne at Percy Main.

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Bordon Light Railway

The Bordon Light Railway was a short-lived light railway line in Hampshire that connected the Army Camp at Bordon, as well as the villages of Bordon and Kingsley, with the national rail network at Bentley on the main Farnham-Alton line, a distance of 4.5 miles (7.2 km).

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Break bulk cargo

In shipping, break bulk cargo or general cargo are goods that must be loaded individually, and not in intermodal containers nor in bulk as with oil or grain.

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Brian Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge

General Brian Hubert Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge (22 July 1896 – 29 April 1974), known as Sir Brian Robertson, 2nd Baronet from 1933 to 1961, was a senior British Army officer and the Chairman of the British Transport Commission from 1953 to 1961.

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British Rail

British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the operator of most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.

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British Railways Board

The British Railways Board (BRB) was a nationalised industry in the United Kingdom that existed from 1962 to 2001.

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British Transport Commission

The British Transport Commission (BTC) was created by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals and road freight transport in Great Britain (Northern Ireland had the separate Ulster Transport Authority).

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Brownhills Watling Street railway station

Brownhills Watling Street railway station was a station on the Midland Railway in England.

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Bus

A bus (plural "buses",, archaically also omnibus, multibus, or autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.

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Buxton Line

The Buxton Line is a railway line in Northern England, connecting Manchester with Buxton in Derbyshire.

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Caledonian Railway

The Caledonian Railway was a major Scottish railway company.

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Cam and Dursley railway station

Cam and Dursley railway station is a railway station serving the towns of Cam and Dursley in Gloucestershire.

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Carlisle railway station

Carlisle railway station, also known as Carlisle Citadel station, is a railway station serving the city of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, and is a major station on the West Coast Main Line, lying south of, and north of.

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Central Belt

The Central Belt of Scotland is the area of highest population density within Scotland.

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Chandler's Ford railway station

Chandler's Ford railway station serves the Chandler's Ford area of Eastleigh in Hampshire, England.

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Channel Tunnel

The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche; also referred to as the Chunnel) is a rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.

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Charnwood Forest Railway

The Charnwood Forest Railway was a branch line in Leicestershire constructed by the Charnwood Forest Company between 1881 and 1883.

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Chase Line

The Chase Line is a suburban railway line in the West Midlands region of England.

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Cheshire Lines Committee

The Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) was the second-largest joint railway in Great Britain, with 143 route miles.

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Chester railway station

Chester railway station is a railway station in Newtown in the city of Chester, England.

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Chiltern Main Line

The Chiltern Main Line is an inter-urban, regional and commuter railway, part of the British railway system.

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Conservative Party (UK)

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

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Containerization

Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers) made of weathering steel.

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Controlled-access highway

A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.

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Corby railway station

Corby railway station, owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Trains (EMT), is in Corby, Northamptonshire, England.

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Cornwall

Cornwall (or; Kernow) is a ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England within the United Kingdom.

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Cotswold Line

The Cotswold Line is an railway line between and in England.

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Coventry

Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the centre of England.

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Coventry to Nuneaton Line

The Coventry to Nuneaton Line is a railway line linking Coventry and Nuneaton in the West Midlands of England.

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Cranleigh Line

The Cranleigh Line was a short railway line that connected Guildford, the county town of Surrey, with the West Sussex market town of Horsham, via Cranleigh, a distance of.

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Crewe railway station

Crewe railway station is a railway station in Crewe, Cheshire, England.

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Croy Line

The Croy Line is a suburban railway route linking Glasgow and Croy in Scotland.

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Devon

Devon (archaically known as Devonshire) is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

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Diesel locomotive

A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine.

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Doctor of Philosophy

A Doctor of Philosophy degree (often abbreviated Ph.D., PhD, D.Phil., or DPhil) or a Doctorate of Philosophy, from the Latin Doctor Philosophiae, is a type of doctorate awarded by universities in many countries.

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East Coast Main Line

The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, Wakefield, Leeds, York, Darlington and Newcastle, electrified along the whole route.

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East Didsbury Metrolink station

East Didsbury Metrolink station is a tram stop on Greater Manchester's light rail Metrolink system, and the terminus of the system's South Manchester Line (SML).

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East Lancashire Railway

East Lancashire Railway is a twelve-mile heritage railway line in North West England which runs between Rawtenstall and Heywood with intermediate stations at Bury Bolton Street, Summerseat, Ramsbottom and Irwell Vale.

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East London Line

The East London Line is part of the London Overground, running north to south through the East End, Docklands and South areas of London.

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East Suffolk Line

The East Suffolk Line is an un-electrified secondary railway line running between Ipswich and Lowestoft in Suffolk, England.

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East West Rail Link

East West Rail Link is a planned railway route linking the Great Western Main Line, Oxford, Bicester, Milton Keynes, Bedford, Cambridge, Ipswich and Norwich in England using part of the former Varsity Line.

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Eastleigh to Romsey Line

The Eastleigh-Romsey Line is the railway line from Eastleigh to Romsey in Hampshire, England.

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Ebbw Valley Railway

The Ebbw Valley Railway (Rheilffordd Cwm Ebwy) is a branch line of the Great Western Main Line in South Wales.

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Edinburgh to Aberdeen Line

The Edinburgh to Aberdeen Line is a railway line linking Edinburgh with Aberdeen via the Forth Bridge, the Tay Bridge and Dundee.

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Edinburgh Waverley railway station

Edinburgh Waverley railway station, often simply referred to as Waverley, or as Edinburgh, is the main railway station in the Scottish capital Edinburgh.

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Electric locomotive

An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or fuel cell.

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Ernest Marples

Alfred Ernest Marples, Baron Marples PC (9 December 1907 – 6 July 1978) was a British Conservative politician who served as Postmaster General and Minister of Transport.

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Far North Line

The Far North Line is a rural railway line entirely within the Highland area of Scotland, extending from Inverness to Thurso and Wick.

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Farringdon station

Farringdon is a London Underground and connected mainline National Rail station in Clerkenwell, in the London Borough of Islington, just outside of the City of London.

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Fawley Branch Line

| The Fawley Branch Line, also known as the Waterside Line is a standard gauge railway line to Fawley, in the English county of Hampshire.

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First Wilson ministry

Harold Wilson became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 16 October 1964, and formed the First Wilson Ministry 1964-1970.

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Flanders and Swann

Flanders and Swann were a British comedy duo.

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Fleetwood Branch Line

The Fleetwood Branch Line consists of the railway line from to.

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Frank Cousins

Frank Cousins PC (8 September 1904 – 11 June 1986) was a British trade union leader and Labour politician.

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Frank Edward Smith

Sir Frank Edward Smith, GCB, GBE, FRS (14 October 1876 - 1 July 1970) was a British physicist and Acting Director of the National Physical Laboratory between 1936 and 1937.

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Freightliner Group

Freightliner Group is a rail freight and logistics company, formed in the United Kingdom in 1995, and now having expanded into Australia, The Netherlands and Poland.

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G. Freeman Allen

Geoffrey Freeman Allen was an author specialising in the field of railways.

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Glasgow

Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom (after London and Birmingham).

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Glasgow Central Railway

The Glasgow Central Railway was a railway line built in Glasgow, Scotland by the Caledonian Railway, running in tunnel east to west through the city centre.

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Glasgow Central station

Glasgow Central (Glaschu Mheadhain, Glesga Central) is a major mainline terminus and the larger of the two present main-line railway terminals in Glasgow, the largest city in Scotland.

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Golden Valley Line

The Golden Valley Line is a railway line from to in England.

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Grammar school

A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, originally a school teaching classical languages but more recently an academically oriented secondary school.

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Great Central Main Line

The Great Central Main Line (GCML), also known as the London Extension of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR), is a former railway line in the United Kingdom.

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Great Central Railway

The Great Central Railway (GCR) was a railway company in England which came into being when the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway changed its name in 1897 in anticipation of the opening in 1899 of its London Extension (see Great Central Main Line).

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Great Western Main Line

The Great Western Main Line is a main line railway in Great Britain, that runs westwards from London's Paddington station to the west of England and South Wales.

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Hammersmith flyover

The Hammersmith flyover is an elevated roadway in west London which carries the A4 arterial road over and to one side of the central Hammersmith gyratory system, and it links together the Cromwell Road extension (Talgarth Road) with the start of the Great West Road.

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Hampshire

No description.

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Harborne Railway

| The Harborne Railway was a short railway branch line that connected the city centre of Birmingham, England with the outlying suburb of Harborne.

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Harold Macmillan

Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British Conservative politician and statesman who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 January 1957 to 18 October 1963.

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Harold Wilson

James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 191624 May 1995) was a British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.

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Harrogate to Church Fenton Line

The Harrogate to Church Fenton Line was a railway line opened by the York and North Midland Railway between 1847 and 1848 linking Harrogate and Church Fenton.

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Hastings

Hastings is a town and borough in the county of East Sussex, within the historic county of Sussex, on the south coast of England.

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Heart of Wales Line

The Heart of Wales Line (Rheilffordd Calon Cymru) is a railway line running from Craven Arms in Shropshire to Llanelli in southwest Wales.

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High Speed 1

High Speed 1 (HS1), legally the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), is a high-speed railway between London and the United Kingdom end of the Channel Tunnel in Kent. The line carries international passenger traffic between the United Kingdom and Continental Europe; it also carries domestic passenger traffic to and from stations in Kent and east London and Berne gauge freight traffic. The line crosses the River Medway and runs under the River Thames before terminating at London St Pancras railway station. It cost £5.8 billion to build and opened on 14 November 2007. Trains reach speeds of up to on section 1 and up to on section 2. Intermediate stations are at in London and and in Kent. International passenger services are provided by Eurostar, with journey times of London St Pancras to Paris Gare du Nord in 2 hours 15 minutes, and St Pancras to in 1 hour 51 minutes, using a fleet of 27 Class 373/1 multi-system trains capable of. Domestic high-speed commuter services serving the intermediate stations and beyond began on 13 December 2009. The fleet of 29 Class 395 passenger trains reach speeds of. DB Schenker run freight services on High Speed 1 using adapted Class 92 locomotives, enabling flat wagons carrying continental-size swap body containers to reach London for the first time. The CTRL project included new bridges and tunnels and the line is nearly as long as the Channel Tunnel itself. HS1 was transferred to government ownership in 2009, with a 30-year concession for its operation being put up for sale in 2010. The concession was awarded to a consortium of Borealis Infrastructure (part of Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System) and Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan.

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High Speed 2

High Speed 2 (HS2) is a planned high-speed railway to link the cities of London and Birmingham, and then to extend to North West England and Yorkshire.The first phase of HS2 is set to begin in 2017 with an indicated opening date in 2026, while completion of the entire network is expected in 2033.

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History of rail transport in Great Britain

The railway system of Great Britain, the principal territory of the United Kingdom, is the oldest in the world.

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History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994

The history of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994 covers the period when the British railway system was nationalised under the name of British Rail (initially known as British Railways), until its eventual privatisation in 1994.

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Honeybourne railway station

Honeybourne railway station serves the village of Honeybourne in Worcestershire, England.

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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which, like the House of Lords (the upper house), meets in the Palace of Westminster.

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Hull to Scarborough Line

The Hull to Scarborough Line, also known as the Yorkshire Wolds Coast Line is a minor railway line in northern England used primarily for passenger traffic.

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I Like Trains

I Like Trains (previously styled as iLiKETRAiNS) are an English alternative/post-rock band, formed in Leeds.

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Ian Hislop

Ian David Hislop (born 13 July 1960) is a British journalist, satirist, writer, comedian, broadcaster and editor of the magazine Private Eye.

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Imperial Chemical Industries

Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was a British chemical company and was, for much of its history, the largest manufacturer in Britain.

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Inflation

In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.

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Island Line, Isle of Wight

The Island Line is a railway line on the Isle of Wight, running some from Ryde Pier Head to Shanklin down the eastern side of the island.

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Ivan Stedeford

Sir Ivan Arthur Rice Stedeford, GBE (28 January 1897 – 9 February 1975) was a British industrialist and philanthropist.

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John Betjeman

Sir John Betjeman, CBE (28 August 190619 May 1984) was an English poet, writer, and broadcaster who described himself in Who's Who as a "poet and hack".

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Kettering railway station

Kettering railway station serves the town of Kettering in Northamptonshire, England.

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Leamside Line

The Leamside Line (originally part of the Durham Junction Railway) is a railway line in the North East of England, branching off from the main East Coast Main Line (ECML) at Tursdale in County Durham, and continuing north through Washington and Wardley, finally joining the Newcastle upon Tyne to Sunderland line at Pelaw.

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Level crossing

A level crossing (UK and Commonwealth), Railway Crossing (Canada and Australia) or Railroad or Grade Crossing (U.S.A.) is an intersection where a railway line crosses a road or path at the same level, as opposed to the railway line crossing over or under using a bridge or tunnel.

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Light railway

Light railway is a railway built at lower costs and to lower standards than typical "heavy rail"; it uses lighter-weight track, and is more steeply graded and tightly curved to avoid civil engineering costs.

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List of British heritage and private railways

This is a list of heritage, private and preserved railways in and throughout the United Kingdom and the Channel Islands that are privately owned, kept or preserved, built, constructed and run for railway heritage and/or profit, not necessarily providing a meaningful public transportation service.

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List of closed railway stations in Britain

The list of closed railway stations in Britain includes the year of closure if known.

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List of heritage railway stations in the United Kingdom

This is a list of heritage railway stations in the United Kingdom.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.

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Llanharan railway station

Llanharan railway station serves the village of Llanharan in Wales.

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Loading gauge

A loading gauge defines the maximum height and width for railway vehicles and their loads to ensure safe passage through bridges, tunnels and other structures.

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London Overground

The London Overground (LO) is a suburban rail network in the United Kingdom.

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London to Aylesbury Line

The London to Aylesbury Line is the main railway line between London (Marylebone) and Aylesbury, going via the Chiltern Hills; it is operated by Chiltern Railways.

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M1 motorway

The M1 is a north–south motorway in England connecting London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford.

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Maesteg Line

The Maesteg Line is a commuter rail line in South Wales from Bridgend to Maesteg.

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Manchester

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,417 in 2013.

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Manchester Metrolink

Metrolink (also known as Manchester Metrolink) is a tram/light rail system in Greater Manchester, England.

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Mansfield railway station

Mansfield railway station serves the large town of Mansfield in Nottinghamshire, England.

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Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (Roberts, 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.

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Marginal seat

A marginal seat or swing seat is a constituency held with a small majority in a legislative election, generally one conducted under a single-winner voting system.

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Marples Ridgway

Marples Ridgway was a British civil engineering company founded in 1948 by engineer Reginald Ridgway and accountant Ernest Marples.

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Marshlink Line

The Marshlink Line is the name given to the railway line linking Ashford, Kent with Hastings, East Sussex in the South East of England.

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Melksham railway station

Melksham railway station is a railway station serving the town of Melksham in Wiltshire, England.

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Merthyr Line

The Merthyr Line is a commuter railway line in South Wales from central Cardiff to Merthyr Tydfil and Aberdare.

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Metheringham railway station

Metheringham railway station serves the village of Metheringham in Lincolnshire, England.

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Metropolitan county

The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division of England.

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Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway

The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway, (M&GN) was a joint railway owned by the Midland Railway (MR) and the Great Northern Railway (GNR) in eastern England, affectionately known as the 'Muddle and Get Nowhere' to generations of passengers, enthusiasts, and other users.

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Midland Main Line

The Midland Main Line is a major railway in England from London's St. Pancras station to Sheffield, via Luton and Bedford in the East of England, and Kettering, Leicester, Loughborough, East Midlands Parkway, Derby/Nottingham and Chesterfield in the East Midlands.

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Midland Metro

The Midland Metro is a light-rail/tram line in the West Midlands of England operating between Birmingham and Wolverhampton via West Bromwich and Wednesbury.

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Milton Keynes

Milton Keynes, locally abbreviated MK, is a large townAlthough Milton Keynes was specified to be a city in scale and the term "city" is used locally (inter alia to avoid confusion with its constituent towns), formally this title cannot be used.

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Minister of Technology

The Minister of Technology was a position in the government of the United Kingdom, sometimes abbreviated as "MinTech".

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National Cycle Network

The National Cycle Network (NCN) is the national cycling route network of the United Kingdom, which was established to encourage cycling throughout Britain, as well as for the purposes of bicycle touring.

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Nationalization

Nationalisation (an alternative spelling is nationalization) is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.

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Newbridge railway station, Caerphilly

Newbridge railway station (Trecelyn) is on the Ebbw Valley Railway and serves the towns of Newbridge and Blackwood in south east Wales.

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North Clyde Line

The North Clyde Line (defined by Network Rail as the Glasgow North Electric Suburban line) is a suburban railway in West Central Scotland.

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Nottingham station

Nottingham station, briefly known as Nottingham City and for rather longer as Nottingham Midland, is a railway station and tram stop in the city of Nottingham.

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Nottinghamshire

Nottinghamshire (pronounced or /ˈnɒtɪŋəmˌʃɪə/; abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (usually abbreviated as HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Oh, Doctor Beeching!

Oh, Doctor Beeching! is a BBC television sitcom written by David Croft and Richard Spendlove which, after a broadcast pilot on 14 August 1995, ran for two series from 8 July 1996, with the last episode being broadcast on 28 September 1997.

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Otley

Otley is a market town and civil parish in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England, by the River Wharfe.

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Otley and Ilkley Joint Railway

The Otley and Ilkley Joint Railway was a railway line running between the towns of Otley and Ilkley in West Yorkshire.

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Oxford to Bicester Line

The Oxford to Bicester Line is a branch line linking Oxford and Bicester in Oxfordshire, England.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the UK Parliament or the British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories.

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Passenger transport executive

In the United Kingdom, passenger transport executives (PTEs) are local government bodies which are responsible for public transport within large urban areas.

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Peterborough to Lincoln Line

The Peterborough to Lincoln Line is a railway line linking and, via and.

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Plymouth

Plymouth is a city on the south coast of Devon, England, about south-west of Exeter and west-south-west of London, between the mouths of the rivers Plym to the east and Tamar to the west where they join Plymouth Sound. Plymouth's early history extends to the Bronze Age, when a first settlement emerged at Mount Batten. This settlement continued as a trading post for the Roman Empire, until it was surpassed by the more prosperous village of Sutton, now called Plymouth. In 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers departed Plymouth for the New World and established Plymouth Colony – the second English settlement in what is now the United States of America. During the English Civil War the town was held by the Parliamentarians and was besieged between 1642 and 1646. Throughout the Industrial Revolution, Plymouth grew as a commercial shipping port, handling imports and passengers from the Americas, and exporting local minerals (tin, copper, lime, china clay and arsenic) while the neighbouring town of Devonport became a strategic Royal Naval shipbuilding and dockyard town. In 1914 three neighbouring independent towns, viz., the county borough of Plymouth, the county borough of Devonport, and the urban district of East Stonehouse were merged to form a single County Borough. The combined town took the name of Plymouth which, in 1928, achieved city status. The city's naval importance later led to its targeting and partial destruction during World War II, an act known as the Plymouth Blitz. After the war the city centre was completely rebuilt and subsequent expansion led to the incorporation of Plympton and Plymstock along with other outlying suburbs in 1967. Today the city is home to around 250,000 people, making it the 30th most populous built-up area in the United Kingdom. It is governed locally by Plymouth City Council and is represented nationally by three MPs. Plymouth's economy remains strongly influenced by shipbuilding and seafaring including ferry links to France (Roscoff and St Malo) and Spain (Santander), but has tended toward a service-based economy since the 1990s. It has the ninth largest university in the United Kingdom by number of students, the University of Plymouth, and the largest operational naval base in Western Europe – HMNB Devonport.

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Portbury

Portbury is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England within the Unitary Authority of North Somerset.The parish includes the hamlet of Sheepway which is situated on the moorland at the northern edge of the Gordano valley, between the Gordano services on the M5 motorway and Portishead, near the Royal Portbury Dock.

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Portishead Railway

The Portishead Railway is a branch line railway running from Portishead in Somerset to the main line immediately west of Bristol, England.

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Portishead, Somerset

Portishead is a coastal town on the Severn Estuary, close to Bristol, but within the unitary authority of North Somerset, which falls within the ceremonial county of Somerset, England.

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Postmaster General of the United Kingdom

The Postmaster General of the United Kingdom was a Cabinet-level ministerial position in HM Government.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.

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Princes Risborough railway station

Princes Risborough station is a railway station on the Chiltern Main Line that serves the town of Princes Risborough in Buckinghamshire, England.

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Private Eye

Private Eye is a fortnightly British satirical and current affairs magazine based in London, England, edited by Ian Hislop.

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Rail replacement bus service

A rail replacement bus service uses buses to replace a passenger train service either on a temporary or permanent basis.

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Rail trail

A rail trail is the conversion of a disused railway into a multi-use path, typically for walking, cycling and sometimes horse riding.

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Railway and Canal Traffic Act 1854

The Railway and Canal Traffic Act 1854, also known as Cardwell's Act, was an Act of the United Kingdom Parliament regulating the operation of railways.

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Railway Mania

Railway Mania was an instance of speculative frenzy in Britain in the 1840s.

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Rationing in the United Kingdom

Rationing was introduced temporarily by the British government several times during the 20th century, during and immediately after a war.

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Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching

Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching (21 April 1913 – 23 March 1985), commonly known as Dr Beeching, was chairman of British Railways and a physicist and engineer.

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Roads in the United Kingdom

Roads in the United Kingdom form a network of varied quality and capacity.

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Robin Hood Line

The Robin Hood Line is a railway line running from Nottingham to Worksop, Nottinghamshire.

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Rugby Central railway station

Rugby Central was a railway station serving Rugby in Warwickshire on the former Great Central Main Line which opened in 1899 and closed in 1969.

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Rugeley Town railway station

Rugeley Town railway station serves the town of Rugeley in Staffordshire, England.

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Ruskington railway station

Ruskington railway station serves the village of Ruskington in Lincolnshire, England.

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Scholarship

A scholarship is an award of financial aid for a student to further their education.

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Scotland

Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scottish Borders

The Scottish Borders (The Mairches) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.

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Scottish Highlands

The Scottish Highlands, known locally simply as the Highlands (A' Ghàidhealtachd, "the place of the Gaels"; the Hielands) are a historic region of Scotland.

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Scottish Parliament

The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.

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Secretary of State for Transport

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Transport is the member of the cabinet responsible for the British Department for Transport.

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Serpell Report

The Serpell Report was produced by a committee chaired by Sir David Serpell, a retired senior civil servant.

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Settle-Carlisle Line

The Settle–Carlisle Line (S&C) is a long main railway line in northern England.

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Shrewsbury to Chester Line

The Shrewsbury to Chester Line, also known as the Severn–Dee Mainline (after the rivers on which Shrewsbury and Chester stand), was built in 1846 as the Shrewsbury and Chester Railway.

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Skelmersdale Branch

The Skelmersdale Branch was a standard gauge railway (SKE) which connected the Liverpool, Ormskirk and Preston Railway at Ormskirk with Rainford Junction via Skelmersdale.

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Sleaford railway station

Sleaford railway station serves the town of Sleaford in Lincolnshire, England.

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Slow Train

"Slow Train" is a song by the British duo Flanders and Swann, written in July 1963.

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Snow Hill Tunnel (Birmingham)

Snow Hill Tunnel is a railway tunnel underneath Birmingham city-centre.

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Snow Hill Tunnel (London)

Snow Hill Tunnel is a railway tunnel on the northern edge of the City of London between City Thameslink and Farringdon stations.

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South Staffordshire Line

The South Staffordshire Line is a railway line that once connected Lichfield in Staffordshire, England with Dudley, formerly in Worcestershire.

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Southern Railway (UK)

The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.

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St Werburgh's Road Metrolink station

St Werburgh's Road Metrolink station is a stop on the South Manchester Line (SML) of Greater Manchester's light-rail Metrolink system in Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester.

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Steam locomotive

A steam locomotive is a railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.

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Sunderland station

Sunderland Station is a National Rail and Tyne and Wear Metro station in the city centre of Sunderland, North East England.

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Sutton Park Line

| The Sutton Park Line is a freight-only railway line running from Walsall to Castle Bromwich and Water Orton in the West Midlands, England.

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Swaffham railway station

Swaffham railway station was located in Swaffham, Norfolk.

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Swansea

Swansea (Abertawe, "mouth of the Tawe"), officially known as the City and County of Swansea, is a coastal city and county in Wales.

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Swindon railway station

Swindon railway station is a main line railway station serving the town of Swindon in Wiltshire, South West England.

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Tamar Valley Line

The Tamar Valley Line is a railway line from Plymouth, Devon, to Gunnislake, Cornwall, in England, UK, also known as the Gunnislake Branch Line.

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Thameslink

Thameslink is a 68-station main-line route in the British railway system running north to south through London from Bedford to Brighton, serving both London Gatwick Airport and London Luton Airport, with a suburban loop serving Sutton, Mitcham and and a suburban line via and to.

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Thetford railway station

Thetford railway station is a railway station serving the town of Thetford in the English county of Norfolk.

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Tom Fraser

Tom Fraser PC (18 February 1911 – 21 November 1988) was a Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for the Hamilton constituency between 1943 and 1967.

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Torbay and Brixham Railway

The Torbay and Brixham Railway was a broad gauge railway in England which linked the Dartmouth and Torbay Railway at Churston railway station, Devon with the important fishing port of Brixham.

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Tram

A tram (also known as tramcar; and in North America known as streetcar, trolley or trolley car), is a rail vehicle which runs on tracks along public urban streets (called street running), and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.

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Transport Act 1962

The Transport Act 1962 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Transport Act 1968

The Transport Act 1968 (1968 c.73) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Transport for London

Transport for London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system in Greater London in England, formerly named "London Transport" (LT).

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Truck

A truck (United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, called a lorry in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Indian Subcontinent) is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.

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United Kingdom general election, 1959

This United Kingdom general election was held on 8 October 1959.

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United Kingdom general election, 1964

The United Kingdom general election of 1964 was won by the Labour Party with a majority of four seats.

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United Kingdom general election, 1970

The United Kingdom general election of 1970 was held on 18 June 1970, and resulted in a surprise victory for the Conservative Party under leader Edward Heath, who defeated the Labour Party under Harold Wilson.

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Vale of Glamorgan Line

The Vale of Glamorgan Line is a Commuter rail in the United Kingdom, running through the Vale of Glamorgan in South Wales, from Cardiff to Bridgend via Barry, Rhoose and Llantwit Major.

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Varsity Line

The Varsity Line (or Oxford to Cambridge Line) is an informal name for the railway route that used to link the English university cities of Oxford and Cambridge, operated successively by the London and North Western Railway, the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, and British Railways.

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Victorian era

The Victorian era of British history (and that of the British Empire) was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.

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Waverley Route

The Waverley Route was a railway line that ran south from Edinburgh, through Midlothian and the Scottish Borders, to Carlisle.

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West Coast Main Line

The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is a major inter-city railway route in the United Kingdom.

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West Country

The West Country is a loosely defined area of south western England that roughly corresponds to the modern South West England government region.

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West Highland Line

The West Highland Line (Rathad Iarainn nan Eilean - "Iron Road to the Isles") is a railway line linking the ports of Mallaig and Oban in the Scottish Highlands to Glasgow in Central Scotland.

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Wisbech and March Bramley Line

The Wisbech and March Bramley Line is a railway line between March and Wisbech in Cambridgeshire, England.

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Woodhead Line

The Woodhead Line was a railway line linking Sheffield, Penistone and Manchester in the north of England.

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Worksop railway station

Worksop railway station serves the town of Worksop in Nottinghamshire, England.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Wrexham General railway station

Wrexham General railway station (Wrecsam Cyffredinol) is a main line railway station and the main railway station serving Wrexham, north-east Wales.

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Yate railway station

Yate railway station serves the town of Yate in South Gloucestershire, in south west England.

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York to Beverley Line

The York to Beverley Line was a railway line between York, Market Weighton and Beverley.

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Redirects here:

Beeching 2, Beeching Act, Beeching Axe, Beeching II, Beeching Report, Beeching axe, Beeching closures, Beeching report, Reshaping of British Railways, The Beeching Report, The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes, The Reshaping of British Railways.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beeching_cuts

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