38 relations: Ampulla of Vater, Bile, Bile canaliculus, Biliary atresia, Bilirubin, Blood, Brainstem, Canals of Hering, Cancer, Cholangiocarcinoma, Common bile duct, Common hepatic duct, Cystic duct, Digestion, Duodenum, Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Gallbladder, Gallstone, Hepatoportoenterostomy, Human eye, Human gastrointestinal tract, Human skin, Insular cortex, Interlobular bile ducts, Interventional radiology, Intrahepatic bile ducts, Jaundice, Liver, Pancreatic cancer, Pancreatic duct, Percutaneous, Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, Postcentral gyrus, Prefrontal cortex, Route of administration, Stent, Surgeon, Vagus nerve.
The ampulla of Vater, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla,or as hepatopancreatic duct, is formed by the union of the pancreatic duct and the common bile duct.
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Bile or gall is a dark green to yellowish brown fluid, produced by the liver of most vertebrates, that aids the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.
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Bile canaliculus (plural:bile canaliculi; also called bile capillaries) is a thin tube that collects bile secreted by hepatocytes.
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Biliary atresia, also known as "extrahepatic ductopenia" and "progressive obliterative cholangiopathy", is a childhood disease of the liver in which one or more bile ducts are abnormally narrow, blocked, or absent.
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Bilirubin (formerly referred to as haematoidin) is the yellow breakdown product of normal heme catabolism, caused by the body's clearance of aged red blood cells which contain hemoglobin.
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Blood is a bodily fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
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In the anatomy of humans and of many other vertebrates, the brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.
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The Canals of Hering, or intrahepatic bile ductules, are part of the outflow system of exocrine bile product from the liver.
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Cancer, also known as a malignant tumor or malignant neoplasm, is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
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Cholangiocarcinoma is a form of cancer that is composed of mutated epithelial cells (or cells showing characteristics of epithelial differentiation) that originate in the bile ducts which drain bile from the liver into the small intestine.
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The common bile duct (ductus choledochus), sometimes abbreviated CBD, is a tube-like anatomic structure in the gastrointestinal tract of organisms that have a gall bladder.
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The common hepatic duct is the duct formed by the convergence of the right hepatic duct (which drains bile from the right functional lobe of the liver) and the left hepatic duct (which drains bile from the left functional lobe of the liver).
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The cystic duct is the short duct that joins the gallbladder to the common bile duct.
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Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.
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The duodenum, also known as dodecadactylum, is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.
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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems.
In vertebrates the gallbladder (also gall bladder, biliary vesicle or cholecyst), is a small organ where bile (a fluid produced by the liver) is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine.
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A gallstone, also called a cholelith, is a calculus (stone) formed within the gallbladder as a concretion of bile components.
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A hepatoportoenterostomy or Kasai portoenterostomy is a surgical treatment performed on infants with biliary atresia to allow for bile drainage.
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The human eye is an organ that reacts to light and has several purposes.
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The human gastrointestinal tract, or GI tract, or GIT is an organ system responsible for consuming and digesting foodstuffs, absorbing nutrients, and expelling waste.
The human skin is the outer covering of the body.
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In each hemisphere of the mammalian brain the insular cortex (often called insula, insulary cortex or insular lobe) is a portion of the cerebral cortex folded deep within the lateral sulcus (the fissure separating the temporal lobe from the parietal and frontal lobes).
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The interlobular bile ducts (or interlobular ductules) carries bile in the liver between the Canals of Hering and the interlobar bile ducts.
Interventional radiology (IR), also known as vascular and interventional radiology (VIR) or surgical radiology, is an independent medical specialty, which was a sub-specialty of radiology until recently, that uses minimally invasive image-guided procedures to diagnose and treat diseases in nearly every organ system.
Intrahepatic bile ducts compose the outflow system of exocrine bile product from the liver.
Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by high blood bilirubin levels.
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The liver is a vital organ of vertebrates and some other animals.
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Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass.
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The pancreatic duct, or duct of Wirsung (also, the major pancreatic duct due to the existence of an accessory pancreatic duct), is a duct joining the pancreas to the common bile duct to supply pancreatic juices which aid in digestion provided by the exocrine pancreas.
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In surgery, percutaneous pertains to any medical procedure where access to inner organs or other tissue is done via needle-puncture of the skin, rather than by using an "open" approach where inner organs or tissue are exposed (typically with the use of a scalpel).
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Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTHC or PTC) or percutaneous hepatic cholangiogram is a radiologic technique used to visualize the anatomy of the biliary tract.
The lateral postcentral gyrus is a prominent structure in the parietal lobe of the human brain.
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In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe.
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A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body.
In medicine, a stent is a tube or other device placed in the body to create a passage between two hollow spaces, and stenting is the placement of a stent.
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In medicine, a surgeon is a specialist in surgery.
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The vagus nerve, historically cited as the pneumogastric nerve, is the tenth cranial nerve or CN X, and interfaces with parasympathetic control of the heart and digestive tract.
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