37 relations: Achaemenid Empire, Adam, Ark of the Covenant, Babylonian captivity, Bible, Book of Ezra, Book of Genesis, Book of Nehemiah, Books of Kings, Books of Samuel, Christianity, Cyrus the Great, David, Eastern Orthodox Church, Ezra, Ezra–Nehemiah, Hebrew Bible, Hebrew language, History of ancient Israel and Judah, Jacob, Jerome, Judaism, Ketuvim, Kingdom of Israel (Samaria), Kingdom of Judah, Levite, Midrash, Old Testament, Rashi, Saul, Septuagint, Solomon, Tanakh, Temple in Jerusalem, Western Christianity, Yahweh, 1 Esdras.
The Achaemenid Empire, also called the, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great, notable for embracing various civilizations and becoming the largest empire of the ancient history, spanning at its maximum extent from the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east.
Adam (אָדָם; Aramaic/Syriac: ܐܕܡ; آدم) is a figure from the Book of Genesis who is also mentioned in the New Testament, the deuterocanonical books, the Quran, the Book of Mormon, and the Book of Iqan.
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The Ark of the Covenant (אָרוֹן הַבְּרִית ʾĀrôn Habbərît, modern pron. Aron haBrit), also known as the Ark of the Testimony, is a chest described in the Book of Exodus as containing the Tablets of Stone on which the Ten Commandments were inscribed.
The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Judahites of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.
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The Book of Ezra is a book of the Hebrew Bible.
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The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek γένεσις, meaning "origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, Bərēšīṯ, "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Christian Old Testament.
The Book of Nehemiah is, along with the Book of Ezra, a book of the Hebrew Bible.
The two Books of Kings (ספר מלכים Sepher M'lakhim – the two books were originally one) present the biblical view of history of ancient Israel and Judah from the death of David to the release of his successor Jehoiachin from imprisonment in Babylon, a period of some 400 years.
The two Books of Samuel (Sefer Shmuel ספר שמואל) are part of the Deuteronomistic history, a series of books (Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings) in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament that constitute a theological history of the Israelites which explains God's law for Israel under the guidance of the prophets.
ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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Cyrus II of Persia (Old Persian: Kūruš; New Persian: کوروش بُزُرگ Kurosh-e Bozorg  ; c. 600 or 576 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great  and also known as Cyrus the Elder, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire.
David (ISO 259-3 Dawid; داوُود; ܕܘܝܕ Dawid; Δαυίδ; Strong's: Daveed) was, according to the Books of Samuel, the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel, and according to the New Testament, an ancestor of Jesus.
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The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.
Ezra (עזרא,; fl. 480–440 BC), also called Ezra the Scribe (עזרא הסופר) and Ezra the Priest in the Book of Ezra, was a Jewish scribe and a priest.
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Ezra–Nehemiah is the original combined version of the biblical books of Ezra and Nehemiah—the two were originally one, but were divided by Christians in the 3rd century CE and in Jewish circles in the 15th century.
Hebrew Bible or Hebrew Scriptures (Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (תנ"ך), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of the several canonical editions of the Christian Old Testament.
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Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.
Israel and Judah were related Iron Age kingdoms of the ancient Levant.
Jacob (later given the name Israel) is considered a patriarch of the Israelites.
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Saint Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c. 347 – 30 September 420) was a Catholic priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church.
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Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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Ketuvim (כְּתוּבִים Kəṯûḇîm, "writings") is the third and final section of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), after Torah (instruction) and Nevi'im (prophets).
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The Kingdom of Israel was, according to the Bible, one of two successor states to the former United Monarchy (also often called the 'Kingdom of Israel').
The Kingdom of Judah (מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה, Mamlekhet Yehuda) was a state established in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age.
In Jewish tradition, a Levite is a member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi, descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah.
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In Judaism, the Midrash (מדרש; plural midrashim) is the body of exegesis of Torah texts along with homiletic stories as taught by Chazal (Rabbinical Jewish sages of the post-Temple era) that provide an intrinsic analysis to passages in the Tanakh.
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The Old Testament is the first section of the Christian Bible, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible, a collection of religious writings by ancient Israelites.
Shlomo Yitzchaki (רבי שלמה יצחקי; 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), in Latin: Salomon Isaacides, and today generally known by the acronym Rashi (רש"י, RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki), was a medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the ''Tanakh''.
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According to the Hebrew Bible, Saul (Saul; طالوت, Ṭālūt or شاؤل, Shā'ūl) was the first king of a united Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
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The Septuagint (from the Latin septuaginta, "seventy") is a translation of the Hebrew Bible and some related texts into Koine Greek.
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Solomon (ISO 259-3 Šlomo; ܫܠܝܡܘܢ Shlemun; سُليمان, also colloquially: or; Σολομών Solomōn), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew), was, according to the Bible (Book of Kings: 1 Kings 1–11; Book of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles 28–29, 2 Chronicles 1–9), Qur'an, and Hidden Words a king of Israel and the son of David.
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The Tanakh (תַּנַ"ךְ, or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach) or Mikra is the canon of the Hebrew Bible.
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The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ, Modern:, Tiberian:, Ashkenazi: Beis HaMikdosh; بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds or بيت المقدس: Beit al-Maqdis; Ge'ez: ቤተ መቅደስ: Betä Mäqdäs) was one of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock.
Western Christianity consists of the Latin Church of the Catholic Church and a variety of Protestant denominations.
Yahweh (or often in English; יהוה) is the national god of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
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1 Esdras (Ἔσδρας Αʹ), also Greek Esdras or Greek Ezra, is an ancient Greek version of the biblical Book of Ezra in use among ancient Jewry, the early church, and many modern Christians with varying degrees of canonicity.
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