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British Columbia

British Columbia, also commonly referred to by its initials BC, is a province located on the west coast of Canada. [1]

723 relations: Abbotsford International Airport, Abbotsford, British Columbia, Aboriginal peoples in Canada, Agricultural Land Reserve (British Columbia), Agriculture, Alaska, Alaska boundary dispute, Alaska Highway, Alberta, Alexander Mackenzie (explorer), American black bear, American bullfrog, American robin, American white pelican, Amor De Cosmos, Amtrak, Amusement park, Anacortes, Washington, Anglican Church of Canada, Anmore, Arab Canadians, Arabic, Arable land, Arterial road, Asian people, Association football, Athabaskan languages, Atlin, British Columbia, Austrians, Badger, Banff National Park, Barkerville, British Columbia, Baseball, Basketball, Bass (fish), BC Ferries, BC Hydro, BC Legislature Raids, BC Rail, BC Transit, BC-STV, Beaver, Bed and breakfast, Belcarra, Bella Coola, British Columbia, Beringia, Bibliography of British Columbia, Bicycle gearing, Bighorn sheep, Bill Bennett, ..., Bill Vander Zalm, Biogeoclimatic zones of British Columbia, Black Canadians, Black 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Rocky Mountains, Romanian language, Romanians, Royal Maitland, Rubus armeniacus, Rugby union, Rupert's Land, Russian Canadian, Russian colonization of the Americas, Russian language, Saanich, British Columbia, Saanichton, Sailing, Salishan languages, Salmon, Salmonidae, Salvelinus, Same-sex marriage in Canada, Samuel Black, Saskatchewan, Scandinavia, Scotland, Scottish Canadian, Sea kayak, Sea otter, Seattle, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Securities fraud, Secwepemc, Sedentary lifestyle, Semi-arid climate, Serbian language, Sidney, British Columbia, Sikhism, Simon Fraser (explorer), Simon Fraser University, Skiing, SkyTrain (Vancouver), Slocan Valley, Slovak language, Smallpox, Smith River, British Columbia, Snowboarding, Social democracy, Socialism, Softball, Solidarity Crisis, Sooke, South Asia, Southeast Alaska, Southeast Asia, Southern Railway of Vancouver Island, Spaniards, Spanish Empire, Spanish language, Speech from the throne, Spotted owl, Squirrel, Status quo, Steller's jay, Strait of Georgia, Sturgeon, Subarctic climate, Surrey, British Columbia, Swan, Swedish Canadian, Swedish language, Swiss people, Syilx, Tagalog language, Taiga Plains Ecozone (CEC), Tamil language, Tan Yu, Taraxacum, Tax per head, Teck Resources, Telemark skiing, Temperate rainforest, Tennis, Tent caterpillar, The Vancouver Sun, Third party (politics), Thistle, Thompson River, Thuja plicata, Tit (bird), Tlingit, Tofino, Tom Campbell (Canadian politician), Toronto, Totem pole, Tourism, Trade union, Trading post, Traffic barrier, Traffic light, Trail riding, Trail, British Columbia, Trans-Canada Highway, Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, TransLink (British Columbia), Treaty of 1818, Trolleybus, Trout, Tsawwassen, Tsilhqot'in, Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia, Tsimshianic languages, Tumbler Ridge, Turkish language, Two sets of books, U.S. state, Ujjal Dosanjh, Ukrainian Canadian, Ukrainian language, Ulex, United Church of Canada, United States, University Endowment Lands, University of British Columbia, University of Northern British Columbia, University of the Fraser Valley, University of Victoria, Urdu, Vancouver, Vancouver International Airport, Vancouver Island, Vancouver Island marmot, Vancouver Island University, Vancouver, Washington, Vanderhoof, British Columbia, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Vermilion Pass, Vernon, British Columbia, Victoria International Airport, Victoria, British Columbia, Vietnamese language, Vietnamese people, View Royal, Visayan languages, Visible minority, W. A. C. Bennett, Wales, Walla Walla, Washington, Washington (state), Washington State Ferries, Watson Lake, Yukon, West Vancouver, Western Asia, Western Canada, Westside-Kelowna, Whistler Blackcomb, Whistler, British Columbia, White Pass and Yukon Route, White Rock, British Columbia, Whitewater, Windsurfing, Winnipeg, Winter sport, Wolverine, Woodlouse, Workforce, World War I, World War II, WWOOF, Yale, British Columbia, Yellowhead Highway, Yellowhead Pass, Yeniseian languages, Yoho National Park, York Factory Express, Yukon, 2010 Winter Olympics, 49th parallel north. Expand index (673 more) »

Abbotsford International Airport

The Abbotsford International Airport is located in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada, southwest of the city centre.

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Abbotsford, British Columbia

Abbotsford is a city located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, adjacent to Greater Vancouver.

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Aboriginal peoples in Canada

Aboriginal peoples in Canada, or Aboriginal Canadians, are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of present-day Canada.

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Agricultural Land Reserve (British Columbia)

The Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR) is a collection of agricultural land in the Canadian province of British Columbia in which agriculture is recognized as the priority.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.

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Alaska

Alaska is a U.S. state situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent.

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Alaska boundary dispute

The Alaska boundary dispute was a territorial dispute between the United States and the United Kingdom (Canada was then a British Dominion with its foreign affairs controlled from London).

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Alaska Highway

tag specifies a name parameter.

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Alberta

Alberta is a western province of Canada.

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Alexander Mackenzie (explorer)

Sir Alexander Mackenzie (or MacKenzie, Alasdair MacCoinnich, 1764 – 12 March 1820) was a Scottish explorer.

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American black bear

The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.

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American bullfrog

The American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana), often simply known as the bullfrog in Canada and the United States, is an aquatic frog, a member of the family Ranidae, or “true frogs”.

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American robin

The American robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird of the thrush family.

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American white pelican

The American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a large aquatic soaring bird from the order Pelecaniformes.

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Amor De Cosmos

Amor De Cosmos (August 20, 1825 – July 4, 1897) was a Canadian journalist, publisher and politician.

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Amtrak

The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a partially government-funded American passenger railroad service.

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Amusement park

An amusement park (sometimes referred to as a funfair) or theme park is a group of entertainment attractions, rides, and other events in a location for the enjoyment of large numbers of people.

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Anacortes, Washington

Anacortes is a city in Skagit County, Washington, United States.

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Anglican Church of Canada

The Anglican Church of Canada (ACC or ACoC) is the Province of the Anglican Communion in Canada.

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Anmore

Anmore (2006 population 1,785), British Columbia, Canada, is a village municipality in the Greater Vancouver Regional District, north of the city of Port Moody and along the shores of the Indian Arm.

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Arab Canadians

Arab Canadians come from all of the countries of the Arab world.

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Arabic

Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.

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Arable land

Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

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Arterial road

An arterial road or arterial thoroughfare is a high-capacity urban road.

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Asian people

Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Athabaskan languages

Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Dene, Athapascan, Athapaskan) is a large family of indigenous languages of North America, located in western North America in three groups of contiguous languages: Northern, Pacific Coast and Southern (or Apachean).

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Atlin, British Columbia

Atlin is a community in northwestern British Columbia, Canada, located on the eastern shore of Atlin Lake.

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Austrians

Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic ethnic group, consisting of the population of the Republic of Austria, who share a common Austrian culture and Austrian descent and history.

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Badger

Badgers are short-legged omnivores in the family Mustelidae which also includes the otters, polecats, weasels and wolverines.

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Banff National Park

Banff National Park is Canada's oldest national park, established in 1885 in the Rocky Mountains.

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Barkerville, British Columbia

Barkerville was the main town of the Cariboo Gold Rush in British Columbia, Canada and is preserved as a historic town.

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Baseball

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of nine players each who take turns batting and fielding.

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Basketball

Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.

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Bass (fish)

Bass is a name shared by many different species of fish.

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BC Ferries

British Columbia Ferry Services Inc., or BC Ferries (abbreviated BCF) is an independently managed, publicly owned company that provides all major passenger and vehicle ferry services for coastal and island communities in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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BC Hydro

The BC Hydro and Power Authority is a Canadian electric utility in the province of British Columbia, generally known simply as BC Hydro.

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BC Legislature Raids

The BC Legislature Raids (also known as Railgate after Watergate) resulted from search warrants executed on the Legislature of British Columbia, Canada, in 2003 and has become a collective term for the associated criminal proceedings and ensuant controversies.

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BC Rail

BC Rail, known as the British Columbia Railway between 1972 and 1984 and as the Pacific Great Eastern Railway (PGE) before 1972, was a railway that operated in the Canadian province of British Columbia between 1912 and 2004.

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BC Transit

BC Transit is a provincial crown agency responsible for coordinating the delivery of public transportation within British Columbia, Canada, outside of Greater Vancouver.

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BC-STV

BC-STV is the proposed voting system recommended by the Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform in October 2004 for use in British Columbia, and belongs to the Single Transferable Vote family of voting systems.

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Beaver

The beaver (genus Castor) is a primarily nocturnal, large, semiaquatic rodent.

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Bed and breakfast

A bed and breakfast (Typically shortened to B&B but also spelled BnB in Internet usage) is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast, but usually does not offer other meals.

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Belcarra

Belcarra is a village on the shore of Indian Arm, a side inlet of Burrard Inlet, and is part of Metro Vancouver.

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Bella Coola, British Columbia

Bella Coola is a community in the Bella Coola Valley, in British Columbia, Canada.

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Beringia

Beringia is a loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait, the Chukchi Sea, and the Bering Sea.

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Bibliography of British Columbia

This is a short bibliography of major works on the History of British Columbia.

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Bicycle gearing

Bicycle gearing is the aspect of a bicycle drivetrain that determines the relation between the cadence, the rate at which the rider pedals, and the rate at which the drive wheel turns.

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Bighorn sheep

The bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) is a species of sheep native to North America named for its large horns.

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Bill Bennett

William Richards Bennett, PC, OBC (born August 18, 1932), commonly known as Bill Bennett, was the 27th Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia 1975–1986.

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Bill Vander Zalm

William Nicholas "Bill" Vander Zalm (born May 29, 1934) is a politician and entrepreneur in British Columbia, Canada.

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Biogeoclimatic zones of British Columbia

The biogeoclimatic zones of British Columbia are a classification system used by the British Columbia Ministry of Forests for the Canadian province's many different ecosystems.

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Black Canadians

Black Canadian is a designation used for people of Black African descent, who are citizens or permanent residents of Canada.

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Black slug

The black slug, also known as black arion, European black slug, or large black slug, scientific name Arion ater, is a species of large land slug, a terrestrial slug in the family Arionidae, the roundback slugs.

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Boreal Cordillera Ecozone (CEC)

The Boreal Cordillera is a Canadian terrestrial ecozone occupying most of the northern third of British Columbia and southern half of the Yukon.

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Boreal Plains Ecozone (CEC)

The Boreal Plains Ecozone is an ecozone in the western Canadian provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

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Boss Johnson

Byron Ingemar "Boss" Johnson (December 10, 1890 – January 12, 1964), born Björn Ingimar "Bjössi" Jónsson,to family of Icelandic Immigrants,he served as the 24th Premier of the province of British Columbia, Canada, from 1947 to 1952.

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Boundary Country

The Boundary Country is a historical designation for a district in southern British Columbia lying, as its name suggests, along the boundary between Canada and the United States.

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Bowen Island

Bowen Island, British Columbia, is an island municipality in Howe Sound, is part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District, and is an island included within the jurisdiction of the Islands Trust.

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British Columbia Coast

The British Columbia Coast or BC Coast is Canada's western continental coastline on the Pacific Ocean.

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British Columbia Conservative Party

The British Columbia Conservative Party is a political party in British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia Court of Appeal

The British Columbia Court of Appeal (BCCA) is the highest appellate court in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia Federation of Labour

British Columbia Federation of Labour is a central organization for organized labour in British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 1941

The British Columbia general election, 1941 was the twentieth general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 1945

The British Columbia general election of 1945 was the twenty-first general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 1949

The British Columbia general election of 1949 was the 22nd general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 1952

The British Columbia general election, 1952 was the 23rd general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 1953

The British Columbia general election of 1953 was the 24th general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 1975

The British Columbia general election of 1975 was the 31st general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 1991

The British Columbia general election of 1991 was the 35th provincial election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia general election, 2009

The 39th British Columbia general election was held on May 12, 2009, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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British Columbia Highway 1

Highway 1 is part of the British Columbia section of the Trans-Canada Highway.

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British Columbia Highway 2

Highway 2, known locally as the Tupper Highway, is one of the two short connections from Dawson Creek to the border between B.C. and Alberta.

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British Columbia Highway 5

Highway 5 is a 524 km (326 mi) north-south route in southern British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia Highway 93

Highway 93 (Kootenay Highway, Banff-Windermere Parkway), is a north-south route through the southeastern part of the province, in the Regional District of East Kootenay.

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British Columbia Highway 97

Highway 97 is the longest continuously-numbered route in the Canadian province of British Columbia (and the longest provincial highway in any province), running 2,081 km (1,293 mi) from the Canada/U.S. border near Osoyoos in the south to the British Columbia/Yukon boundary in the north at Watson Lake, Yukon.

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British Columbia Interior

The British Columbia Interior, BC Interior or Interior of British Columbia, usually referred to only as the Interior, is one of the three main regions of the Canadian province of British Columbia, the other two being the Lower Mainland, which comprises the overlapping areas of Greater Vancouver and the Fraser Valley, and the Coast, which includes Vancouver Island and also including the Lower Mainland (from the perspective of the Interior).

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British Columbia Liberal Party

The British Columbia Liberal Party (also referred to as the BC Liberals) is the governing conservative provincial political party in British Columbia, Canada.

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British Columbia Liberal Party leadership elections

This page lists the results of leadership conventions held by the British Columbia Liberal Party.

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British Columbia Magazine

British Columbia Magazine is a geographic and travel magazine in British Columbia.

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British Columbia Ministry of Transportation

The British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure is the British Columbia government ministry responsible for transport infrastructure and law in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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British Columbia New Democratic Party

The New Democratic Party of British Columbia (BC NDP) is a social-democratic provincial political party in British Columbia, Canada, and governed the province from 1972 to 1975, and then again from 1991 to 2001, losing power that year to the BC Liberals.

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British Columbia Resources Investment Corporation

The British Columbia Resources Investment Corporation, or BCRIC (pronounced "brick") was a holding company formed under the government of William R. Bennett.

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British Columbia Social Credit Party

The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing political party of British Columbia, Canada, for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election.

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British North America

British North America referred to the territories of the British Empire in mainland North America.

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British people

British people, or Britons, are the indigenous people or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies; and their descendants.

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Brown rat

The brown rat, also referred to as common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, brown Norway rat, Norwegian rat, or wharf rat (Rattus norvegicus) is one of the best known and most common rats.

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Brown trout

The brown trout (Salmo trutta) is a European species of salmonid fish that has been widely introduced into suitable environments globally.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Bulkley Valley

The Bulkley Valley is located in the northwest Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada.

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Burnaby

Burnaby is a city in British Columbia, Canada, located immediately to the east of Vancouver.

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Burrard Inlet

Burrard Inlet is a relatively shallow-sided coastal fjord in southwestern British Columbia, Canada.

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Business cycle

The business cycle or economic cycle is the downward and upward movement of gross domestic product (GDP) around its long-term growth trend.

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Cabinet of Canada

The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.

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California

California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.

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Camassia

Camassia is a genus of plants in the asparagus family native to Canada and the United States.

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Canada

Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Canada 2001 Census

The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population.

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Canada goose

The Canada goose (Branta canadensis) is a large wild goose species with a black head and neck, white patches on the face, and a brown body.

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Canadian Confederation

Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed on July 1, 1867.

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Canadian football

Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play long and wideTable of exact conversions attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area (end zone).

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Canadian French

Canadian French (français canadien) is the various varieties of French spoken in Canada.

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Canadian Northern Railway

The Canadian Northern Railway (CNoR) is a historic Canadian transcontinental railway.

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Canadian Pacific Railway

The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), formerly also known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I rail carrier founded in 1881 and now operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001.

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Canadian Prairies

The Canadian Prairies is a region in western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political.

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Canadian Rockies

The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains.

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Canadians of Dutch descent

Dutch Canadians are any Canadian citizens of Dutch ancestry.

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Canadians of German ethnicity

German Canadians (Deutsch-Kanadier or Deutschkanadier) are Canadian citizens of ethnic German ancestry.

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Canadians of Welsh descent

A Welsh Canadian is a Canadian citizen of Welsh descent or a Wales-born person who resides in Canada.

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Cape Horn

Cape Horn (Dutch:, Cabo de Hornos), named after the city of Hoorn in the Netherlands, is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island.

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Capital Regional District

The Capital Regional District (CRD) is a local government administrative district encompassing the southern tip of Vancouver Island and the southern Gulf Islands in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Capitalism

Capitalism is an economic system in which trade, industry, and the means of production are privately owned and operated via profit and loss calculation (price signals) through the price system.

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Cariboo

The Cariboo is an intermontane region of British Columbia along a plateau stretching from the Fraser Canyon to the Cariboo Mountains.

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Cariboo District

Cariboo District was a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1871 to 1872.

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Cariboo Gold Rush

The Cariboo Gold Rush was a gold rush in the Colony of British Columbia, which later became part of the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Caribou

Caribou (North America) refers to any of several North American subspecies, ecotypes, populations, and herds of the species Rangifer tarandus.

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Cascadia (bioregion)

The concept of Cascadian bioregionalism is closely identified with the environmental movement.

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Cassiar Country

The Cassiar Country, also referred to simply as the Cassiar, is one of the historical geographic regions of the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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Catholicism

Catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, katholikismos, "universal doctrine") and its adjectival form Catholic are used as broad terms for describing specific traditions in the Christian churches in theology, doctrine, liturgy, ethics, and spirituality.

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Caucasian race

The Caucasian race (also Caucasoid or occasionally Europid) is a taxon historically used to describe the physical or biological type of some or all of the populations of Europe, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia.

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Centaurea

Centaurea is a genus of between 350 and 600 species of herbaceous thistle-like flowering plants in the family Asteraceae.

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Central Saanich

Central Saanich is a district municipality in Greater Victoria and a member municipality of the Capital Regional District.

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Cetacea

Cetacea is a widely distributed and diverse infraorder of fully aquatic marine mammals.

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Chalet

A chalet (pronounced in British English; in American English usually), also called Swiss chalet, is a type of building or house, native to the Alpine region in Europe.

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Charles, Prince of Wales

Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948), is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II.

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Chilcotin Country

The Chilcotin region of British Columbia is usually known simply as "the Chilcotin", and also in speech commonly as "the Chilcotin Country" or simply Chilcotin.

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Chilliwack

Chilliwack is a city in British Columbia, Canada.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chinese Canadian

The Chinese Canadian ethnic group are Canadians of full or partial Chinese – particularly Han Chinese – ancestry.

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Chinese Filipino

Chinese Filipinos (Hokkien: Huâ-hui; Cantonese: Wàhfèi; Tagalog/Filipino: Intsik (pronounced) (or "Tsinoy", pronounced) are Filipinos of Chinese descent, mostly born and raised in the Philippines. Chinese Filipinos are one of the largest overseas Chinese communities in Southeast Asia. Sangleys—Filipinos with at least some Chinese ancestry—comprise 18-27% of the Philippine population. There are roughly 1.5 million Filipinos with pure Chinese ancestry, or just 1.6% of the population. Chinese Filipinos are represented in all levels of Philippine society and are integrated politically and economically. Chinese Filipinos are present within several commerce and business sectors in the Philippines and a few sources estimate companies which comprise a significant portion of the Philippine economy are owned by Chinese Filipinos, if one includes Sangleys.

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Chinese Immigration Act, 1923

The Chinese Immigration Act, 1923, known today as the Chinese Exclusion Act, was an act passed by the Parliament of Canada, banning most forms of Chinese immigration to Canada.

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Chinese language

Chinese (汉语 / 漢語; Hànyǔ or 中文; Zhōngwén) is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Chinook wind

Chinook winds, or simply chinooks, are foehn winds in the interior West of North America, where the Canadian Prairies and Great Plains meet various mountain ranges, although the original usage is in reference to wet, warm coastal winds in the Pacific Northwest.

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Christian

A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christy Clark

Christina Joan "Christy" Clark, MLA (born October 29, 1965) is a Canadian politician who currently serves as the 35th Premier of British Columbia, Canada.

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Cider

Cider is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of apples.

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Classification yard

A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Indian English and Canadian English) is a railroad yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railroad cars on to one of several tracks.

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Co-operative Commonwealth Federation

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) (French: Fédération du Commonwealth Coopératif, from 1955 the Parti social démocratique du Canada) was a social-democraticThese sources describe the CCF as a social-democratic political party.

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Coalition government

A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition.

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Coast Mountains

The Coast Mountains are a major mountain range, in the Pacific Coast Ranges, of western North America, extending from southwestern Yukon through the Alaska Panhandle and virtually all of the Coast of British Columbia south to the Fraser River.

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Coat of arms of British Columbia

The original coat of arms of British Columbia, also known as the Arms of Her Majesty in right of British Columbia, was granted to British Columbia by a Royal Warrant of King Edward VII on 31 March 1906.

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Colonization

Colonization (or colonisation) occurs whenever there is a large-scale migration of any one or more groups of people to a colonial area.

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Colony of British Columbia (1858–66)

The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony in British North America from 1858 until 1866.

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Colony of British Columbia (1866–71)

The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony that resulted from the amalgamation of the two former colonies, the Colony of Vancouver Island and the mainland Colony of British Columbia.

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Colony of Vancouver Island

The Colony of Vancouver Island (officially known as the Island of Vancouver and its Dependencies), was a crown colony of British North America from 1849 to 1866, after which it was united with the mainland to form the Colony of British Columbia.

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Columbia Basin

The Columbia Basin is the drainage basin of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest region of North America.

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Columbia District

The Columbia District was a fur trading district in the Pacific Northwest region of British North America in the 19th century.

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Columbia Mountains

The Columbia Mountains are a group of mountain ranges located in southeastern British Columbia, and partially in Montana, Idaho and Washington.

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Columbia River

The Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America.

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Columbia River Treaty

The Columbia River Treaty is a 1964 agreement between Canada and the United States on the development and operation of dams in the upper Columbia River basin for power and flood control benefits in both countries.

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Colville, Washington

Colville (Ktunaxa: xapqǂinik̓) is a city in Stevens County, Washington, United States.

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Colwood, British Columbia

Colwood is a city located on Vancouver Island to the southwest of Victoria, capital of British Columbia.

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Common pheasant

The common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a bird in the pheasant family (Phasianidae).

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Common starling

The common starling (Sturnus vulgaris), also known as the European starling, or in the British Isles just the starling, is a medium-sized passerine bird in the starling family, Sturnidae.

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Comox, British Columbia

Comox is a town of 13,000 people located on the southern coast of the Comox Peninsula in the Georgia Strait on the eastern coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia.

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Complex society

In anthropology and archaeology, a complex society is a social formation that is described as a formative or developed state.

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Conference and resort hotels

Conference and resort hotels are hotels which often contain full-sized luxury facilities with full-service accommodations and amenities.

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Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial interest, or otherwise, one of which could possibly corrupt the motivation of the individual or organization.

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Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique (also known as Francophone Education Authority or School District No 93) is the French-language school board for all French schools located in British Columbia.

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Containerization

Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers) made of weathering steel.

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Coordinated Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time (temps universel coordonné), abbreviated as UTC, is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time.

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Coquitlam

Coquitlam (2011 census population 126,840) is a city in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, Canada.

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Cornus nuttallii

Cornus nuttallii (Pacific dogwood, mountain dogwood, Western dogwood, or California dogwood) is a species of dogwood native to western North America from the lowlands of southern British Columbia to the mountains of southern California, with an inland population in central Idaho.

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Cougar

The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas.

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Courtenay, British Columbia

Courtenay is a city on the east coast of Vancouver Island, in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Cowbird

Cowbirds are birds belonging to the genus Molothrus in the family Icteridae.

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Cowichan Valley

The Cowichan Valley is a region around the Cowichan River and Cowichan Lake on Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada.

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Coyote

The coyote (or,, or; Canis latrans) is a canid native to North America.

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Cranbrook, British Columbia

Cranbrook (Ktunaxa: ʔa·kisk̓aqǂiʔit) is a city in southeast British Columbia, located on the west side of the Kootenay River at its confluence with the St. Mary's River, It is the largest urban centre in the region known as the East Kootenay.

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Crested myna

The crested myna (Acridotheres cristatellus) is a species of starling native to southeastern China and Indochina.

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Croatian language

Croatian (hrvatski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used by Croats, principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and other neighbouring countries.

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Croats

Croats (Hrvati) are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.

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Cross-country skiing

Cross-country skiing is travel on skis over snow-covered terrain, whereby skiers rely on their own locomotion rather than on ski lifts or other forms of assistance.

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Crown corporations of Canada

Canadian Crown corporations are enterprises owned by the Crown, or Queen, in right of Canada (the federal state) or in right of a province (a provincial state).

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Crowsnest Highway

The Crowsnest Highway, also known as the Interprovincial or, in British Columbia, the Southern Trans-Provincial, is an east-west highway, in length, through the southern parts of British Columbia and Alberta, providing the shortest highway connection between British Columbia's Lower Mainland and southeast Alberta.

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Crowsnest Pass

Crowsnest Pass (sometimes referred to as Crow's Nest Pass, passe du Nid-de-Corbeau) is a high mountain pass across the Continental Divide of the Canadian Rockies on the Alberta/British Columbia border.

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Cruise ship

A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ship's amenities are a part of the experience, as well as the different destinations along the way.

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Culture of the Netherlands

Dutch culture, or the culture of the Netherlands, is diverse, reflecting regional differences as well as the foreign influences thanks to the merchant and exploring spirit of the Dutch and the influx of immigrants.

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Curling

Curling is a sport in which players slide stones on a sheet of ice towards a target area which is segmented into four concentric circles.

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Cytisus scoparius

Cytisus scoparius, the common broom or Scotch broom, syn. Sarothamnus scoparius, is a perennial leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe.

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Czech language

Czech (čeština), formerly known as Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language spoken by over 10 million people.

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Czechs

Czechs or Czech people (Češi) are a nation and ethnic group native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe.

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Dakelh

The Dakelh (pronounced) or Carrier are the indigenous people of a large portion of the Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada.

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Dall's porpoise

Dall's porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli) is a species of porpoise found only in the North Pacific.

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Dan Miller (Canadian politician)

Arthur Daniel Miller (born December 24, 1944) is a Canadian politician.

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Danes

Danes (danskere) are the citizens of Denmark, most of whom speak Danish and consider themselves to be of Danish ethnicity.

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Danish language

Danish (dansk; dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.

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Dave Barrett

David Barrett, (born October 2, 1930 in Vancouver, British Columbia), commonly known as Dave Barrett, is a retired politician and social worker in British Columbia, Canada.

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David Lam

David See-chai Lam, OC CVO OBC (September 2, 1923November 22, 2010) was a Canadian businessman.

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David Thompson (explorer)

David Thompson (30 April 1770 – 10 February 1857) was a British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as "Koo-Koo-Sint" or "the Stargazer." Over his career he mapped over 3.9 million square kilometres of North America and for this has been described as the "greatest land geographer who ever lived.".

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Dawson Creek

Dawson Creek is a city in northeastern British Columbia, Canada.

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De facto

De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").

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Dean Channel

Dean Channel is the upper end of one of the longest inlets of the British Columbia Coast, from its head at the mouth of the Kimsquit River.

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Deer

Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Delta, British Columbia

Delta is a district municipality in British Columbia, and forms part of Greater Vancouver.

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Demographics of Belgium

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belgium, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

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Demographics of Canada

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Canada, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population, the People of Canada.

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Demographics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

This article is about the demographics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during its existence from 1945 until 1991.

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Demographics of the United States

As of September 12, 2015, the United States has a total resident population of 321,729,000, making it the third most populous country in the world.

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Dene

The Dene people (Dené) are an aboriginal group of First Nations who live in the northern boreal and Arctic regions of Canada.

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Deputy prime minister

A deputy prime minister or vice prime minister is, in some countries, a government minister who can take the position of acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent.

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Diana, Princess of Wales

Diana, Princess of Wales (Diana Frances; née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997), was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II.

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District of Athabasca

The District of Athabasca was a regional administrative district of Canada's Northwest Territories.

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Downhill

Downhill is an alpine skiing discipline.

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Downtown Vancouver

Downtown Vancouver is the southeastern portion of the peninsula in the north-central part of the City of Vancouver.

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Draft evasion

Draft evasion is an intentional decision not to comply with the military conscription policies of one's nation.

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Drainage basin

A drainage basin or catchment basin is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin, where the waters join another waterbody, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea, or ocean.

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Driving under the influence

Driving under the influence (DUI) or Driving While Intoxicated (DWI), is the crime of driving a motor vehicle while impaired by alcohol or other drugs (including those prescribed by physicians), to a level that renders the driver incapable of operating a motor vehicle safely.

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Duff Pattullo

Thomas Dufferin ("Duff") Pattullo (January 19, 1873 – March 30, 1956) was the 22nd Premier of British Columbia, Canada from 1933 to 1941.

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Dutch language

Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.

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Eagle

Eagle is a common name for many large birds of prey of the family Accipitridae; it belongs to several groups of genera that are not necessarily closely related to each other.

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East Asia

East Asia or Eastern Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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Eastern religions

Eastern religions refers to religions originating in the Eastern world—India, China, Japan and Southeast Asia—and thus having dissimilarities with Western religions.

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Economic development

Economic development is the sustained, concerted actions of policy makers and communities that promote the standard of living and economic health of a specific area.

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Ecotourism

Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial (mass) tourism.

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Ecozones of Canada

The ecozones of Canada consist of fifteen terrestrial and five marine ecozones in Canada.

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Elk

The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species within the Cervidae or deer family in the world, and one of the largest land mammals in North America and eastern Asia.

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Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines

The Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines is a project to build a twin pipeline from Bruderheim, Alberta to Kitimat, British Columbia.

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English Canadian

An English Canadian or Anglo-Canadian refers to either a Canadian of English ethnic origin and heritage, or to an English-speaking, or Anglophone, Canadian of any ethnic origin; it is used primarily in contrast with French Canadian.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Environment Canada

Environment Canada (EC) (Environnement Canada), legally incorporated as the Department of the Environment under the Department of the Environment Act (R.S., 1985, c. E-10), is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and renewable resources.

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Equestrianism

Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, horseman, horse) more often known as riding, horseback riding (American English) or horse riding (British English) referring to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.

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Esquimalt

The township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada.

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Europe

Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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European Canadian

European Canadians are Canadian people of European origin, descent, birth, or ancestry.

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Evergreen Line (TransLink)

The Evergreen Line is a long SkyTrain rapid transit line being built for the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority (TransLink) in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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Executive Council of British Columbia

The Executive Council of British Columbia (informally and more commonly, the Cabinet of British Columbia) is the cabinet of that Canadian province.

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Expo 86

The 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication, or simply Expo 86, was a World's Fair held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada from Friday, May 2 until Monday, October 13, 1986.

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Fallow deer

The fallow deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae.

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False Creek

False Creek is a short inlet in the heart of Vancouver.

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Fantasy Gardens

Fantasy Gardens, also known as Fantasy Garden World, was a former amusement park in Richmond, British Columbia that was located at the corner of Steveston Highway and No.

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Fast Ferry Scandal

The Fast Ferry Scandal, also referred to as the Fast Ferries Scandal, "FastCat Fiasco", Fast Ferries Fiasco, were names given to a political affair in the late 1990s relating to the construction of three fast ferries in British Columbia.

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Faye Leung

Faye Leung (born 18 March 1979) was the senior principal dancer of the Hong Kong Ballet (HKB) from 1996 to 2008.

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Figure skating

Figure skating is a sport and activity in which individuals, duos, or groups perform on figure skates on ice.

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Filipino Canadian

A Filipino Canadian Tagalog: Pilipino Kanadyano Baybayin: is a Canadian citizen of Filipino ancestry or a person born in the Philippines who resides in Canada.

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Finance minister

A finance minister is an executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.

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Finnish language

Finnish (or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.

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Finns

The terms Finns and Finnish people (suomalaiset, finnar) may refer in English to ethnic Finns, not including other ethnic groups in Finland, such as Finland Swedes and Russians in Finland.

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First language

A first language (also native language, mother tongue, arterial language, or L1) is the language or are the languages a person has learned from birth or within the critical period, or that a person speaks the best and so is often the basis for sociolinguistic identity.

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First Nations

The First Nations (Premières Nations) are the various Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis.

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Fisher (animal)

The fisher (Martes pennanti) is a small carnivorous mammal native to North America.

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Fishery

Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.

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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.

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Fjord

Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by glacial erosion.

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Flag of British Columbia

The flag of British Columbia is based upon the shield of the provincial arms of British Columbia.

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Forestry

Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit.

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Forficula auricularia

Forficula auricularia, the common earwig or European earwig, is an omnivorous insect in the family Forficulidae.

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Fort Chipewyan

Fort Chipewyan, commonly referred to as Fort Chip, is a hamlet in northern Alberta, Canada, within the Regional Municipality (RM) of Wood Buffalo.

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Fort Fraser, British Columbia

Fort Fraser is an unincorporated community of about 1000 people, situated near the base of Fraser Mountain, close to the village municipality of Fraser Lake and the Nechako River.

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Fort Langley

Fort Langley is a village community with a population of 3,400 and forms part of the Township of Langley.

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Fort Nelson, British Columbia

Fort Nelson is a community in northeast British Columbia, Canada within the Northern Rockies Regional Municipality (NRRM).

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Fort Nez Percés

Fort Nez Percés (or Fort Nez Percé, with or without the accent), later known as (Old) Fort Walla Walla, was a fortified fur trading post on the Columbia River on the territory of modern-day Wallula, Washington.

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Fort St. James

Fort St.

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Fort Vancouver

Fort Vancouver was a 19th-century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudson's Bay Company's Columbia Department, located in the Oregon Country.

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Fort Victoria (British Columbia)

Fort Victoria began as a fur trading post of the Hudson’s Bay Company and was the headquarters of HBC operations in the Columbia District, a large fur trading area now part of the province of British Columbia, Canada and the U.S. state of Washington.

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FortisBC

FortisBC Inc is an electric power and gas distribution/retail company in the Canadian province of British Columbia, a subsidiary of Newfoundland-based Fortis Inc., Canada’s largest private utility company.

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Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake, vice admiral (– 27 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era.

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Fraser Canyon

The Fraser Canyon is an 84 km landform of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains en route from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser Valley.

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Fraser Canyon Gold Rush

The Fraser Canyon gold Rush, (also Fraser Gold Rush and Fraser River Gold Rush) began in 1857 after gold was discovered on the Thompson River in British Columbia at its confluence with the Nicoamen River a few miles upstream from the Thompson's confluence with the Fraser River at present-day Lytton.

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Fraser River

The Fraser River is the longest river within British Columbia, Canada, rising at Fraser Pass near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for, into the Strait of Georgia at the city of Vancouver.

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Fraser Valley

The Fraser Valley is the region of the Fraser River basin in southwestern British Columbia downstream of the Fraser Canyon.

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French Canadian

French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are a major North American ethnic group of Canadian citizens who trace their French ancestry from the descendants of colonists from France who arrived in New France (Canada) in the 17th and 18th centuries.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.

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Fur trade

The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.

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Gastown

Gastown is a national historic site in Vancouver, British Columbia, at the northeast end of Downtown adjacent to the Downtown Eastside.

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Gastown riots

The Gastown riot, known also in the plural as Gastown riots, also known as "The Battle of Maple Tree Square," occurred in Vancouver, Canada, on August 7, 1971.

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Gatling gun

The Gatling gun is one of the best-known early rapid-fire weapons and a forerunner of the modern machine gun.

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General strike

A general strike (or mass strike) is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.

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George Vancouver

Captain George Vancouver (22 June 1757 – 10 May 1798) was an English officer of the Royal Navy, best known for his 1791–95 expedition, which explored and charted North America's northwestern Pacific Coast regions, including the coasts of contemporary Alaska, British Columbia, Washington and Oregon.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Glacier National Park (Canada)

Glacier National Park is one of seven national parks in British Columbia, and is part of a system of 43 parks and park reserves across Canada.

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Glen Clark

Glen David Clark (born November 22, 1957) is a Canadian business executive and former politician, serving as the 31st Premier of British Columbia from 1996 to 1999.

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Golf

Golf is a club and ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

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Gordon Campbell

Gordon Muir Campbell OBC, (born January 12, 1948) is a Canadian diplomat and politician who was the 35th Mayor of Vancouver from 1986 to 1993 and the 34th Premier of British Columbia from 2001 to 2011.

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Government House (British Columbia)

Government House of British Columbia is the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia, as well as that in Victoria of the Canadian monarch, and has casually been described as "the Ceremonial Home of all British Columbians." It stands in the provincial capital on a estate at 1401 Rockland Avenue; while the equivalent building in many countries has a prominent, central place in the capital, the site of British Columbia's Government House is relatively unobtrusive within Victoria, giving it more the character of a private home.

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Grace McCarthy

Grace Mary McCarthy, OC, OBC (born October 14, 1927) is a former Canadian politician and florist in British Columbia.

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Grade separation

Grade separation is the method of aligning a junction of two or more surface transport axes at different heights (grades) so that they will not disrupt the traffic flow on other transit routes when they cross each other.

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Grand Trunk Pacific Railway

The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was a historical Canadian transcontinental railway running from Winnipeg to the Pacific coast at Prince Rupert, British Columbia.

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Granville Street

Granville Street is a major street in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and part of Highway 99.

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Gray whale

The gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) is a baleen whale that migrates between feeding and breeding grounds yearly.

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Gray wolf

The gray wolf or grey wolf (Canis lupus) also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the 1930s.

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Greater Vancouver

Greater Vancouver, also known as Metro Vancouver, is the metropolitan area with its major urban centre being the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A

Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A is a part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia.

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Greater Victoria

Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island.

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Greek language

Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.

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Greeks

The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Anatolia, Southern Italy, and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered around the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Green Party of British Columbia

The Green Party of British Columbia is a political party in British Columbia, Canada.

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Grizzly bear

The grizzly bear (Ursus arctos ssp.) is any North American subspecies of brown bear, including the mainland grizzly (Ursus arctos horribilis), Kodiak bear (U. a. middendorffi), peninsular grizzly (U. a. gyas), and the recently extinct California grizzly (U. a. californicus†)Schwartz, C. C., Miller, S. D. and Haroldson, M. A. (2003).

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Grosbeak

Grosbeak is a form taxon containing various species of seed-eating passerine birds with large beaks.

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Gujarati language

Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Gulf Islands

The Gulf Islands are the islands in the Strait of Georgia (also known as Salish Sea or the Gulf of Georgia), between Vancouver Island and the mainland of British Columbia, Canada.

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Gulf Islands National Park Reserve

Gulf Islands National Park Reserve is the 40th National Park in a system of 43 parks and park reserves across Canada.

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Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site

Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site, often referred to simply as Gwaii Haanas, is located in the southernmost Haida Gwaii (formerly known as Queen Charlotte Islands), off the mainland of British Columbia, Canada.

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Haida people

The Haida, historically sometimes spelled Hydah, are an indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America.

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Halibut

Halibut is a flatfish, genus Hippoglossus, from the family of the right-eye flounders (Pleuronectidae).

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Harbor seal

The harbor (or harbour) seal (Phoca vitulina), also known as the common seal, is a true seal found along temperate and Arctic marine coastlines of the Northern Hemisphere.

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Harbour porpoise

The harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) is one of six species of porpoise.

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Harlequin duck

The harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) is a small sea duck.

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Harmonized Sales Tax

The Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) is a consumption tax in Canada.

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Hastings Street (Vancouver)

Hastings Street is one of the most important east-west traffic corridors in the cities of Vancouver and Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, and used to be a part of the decommissioned Highway 7A.

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Hawk

Hawk is a common name for some small to medium-sized diurnal birds of prey, widely distributed and varying greatly in size.

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Hedera helix

Hedera helix (common ivy, English ivy, European ivy, or just ivy) is a species of flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to most of Europe and western Asia.

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Henry Pybus Bell-Irving

Henry Pybus "Budge" Bell-Irving, (January 21, 1913 – September 21, 2002) was the 23rd Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia from 1978 to 1983.

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Herbert Anscomb

Herbert Bertie Anscomb (February 23, 1892 – November 12, 1972) was a Conservative politician and British Columbia cabinet minister.

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Heron

The herons are long-legged freshwater and coastal birds in the family Ardeidae, with 64 recognised species (some are called "egrets" or "bitterns" instead of "heron").

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Highlands, British Columbia

The District of Highlands (locally known as "The Highlands") is a district municipality near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

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Hindi

Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hinduism

Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.

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Hippie

A hippie (or hippy) is a member of a subculture that was originally a youth movement that started in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world.

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Hobo

A hobo is a migratory worker or homeless vagabond—especially one who is penniless.

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Hollywood North

Hollywood North is a colloquialism used to describe film production industries and or film locations north of its namesake, Hollywood, California.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.

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Hudson Bay

Hudson Bay (Inuktitut: Kangiqsualuk ilua, baie d'Hudson), sometimes (usually historically) called Hudson's Bay, is a large body of saltwater in northeastern Canada, with a surface area of.

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Hudson's Bay Company

The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson), commonly referred to as "The Bay" ("La Baie" in French), is a Canadian retail business group.

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Hudson's Hope

Hudson's Hope is a district municipality in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, in the Peace River Regional District.

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Hungarian language

Hungarian is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union.

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Hungarians

Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group who speak Hungarian and are primarily associated with Hungary.

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Hunter-gatherer

A hunter-gatherer or early human society is one in which most or all food is obtained from wild plants and animals, in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.

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Hunting

Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping any animal, or pursuing it with the intent of doing so.

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Hybrid electric vehicle

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) propulsion system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).

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Ice hockey

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.

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Icefields Parkway

The Icefields Parkway (Promenade des Glaciers), also known as Highway 93 north, is a scenic road in Alberta, Canada.

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Icelanders

Icelanders are a Germanic ethnic group and nation, native to Iceland.

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Idaho

Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States.

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Ilocano language

Ilocano (Ilokano) (Ilocano: Ti Pagsasao nga Iloko) is the third most-spoken language of the Republic of the Philippines.

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Immigration

Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

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Index of British Columbia-related articles

Articles related to British Columbia include.

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Indian reserve

In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a "tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band." Indian reserves are the areas set aside for First Nation band governments after contact with the Canadian state ("the Crown"), and are not to be confused with land claims areas, which involves all of that First Nations' traditional lands: a much larger territory than any reserve.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Indo-Canadians

Indian Canadians are Canadian citizens of Indian subcontinent descent, children of persons who immigrated from South Asia to Canada, or persons of Indian origin who have Canadian citizenship.

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Inside Passage

The Inside Passage is a coastal route for oceangoing vessels along a network of passages which weave through the islands on the Pacific coast of North America.

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Insurance Corporation of British Columbia

The Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) is a provincial crown corporation in British Columbia created in 1973 by the NDP government of British Columbia.

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Interchange (road)

In the field of road transport, an interchange is a road junction that typically uses grade separation, and one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without directly crossing any other traffic stream.

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Interior Plateau

The Interior Plateau comprises a large region of central British Columbia, and lies between the Cariboo and Monashee Mountains on the east, and the Hazelton Mountains, Coast Mountains and Cascade Range on the west.

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International Woodworkers of America

International Woodworkers of America (IWA) was an industrial union of lumbermen, sawmill workers, timber transportation workers and others formed in 1937.

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Inuit

Inuit (pronounced or; Inuktitut: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska.

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Iranian peoples

The Iranian peoples or Iranic peoples are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of Iranian languages.

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Irish Canadian

Irish Canadians (Gael-Cheanadaigh) are Canadian citizens of Irish descent, which include descendants who trace their ancestry to immigrants who originated in Ireland and Northern Ireland.

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Islam

Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.

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Italian Canadians

An Italian Canadian (Italo-canadese, Italo-canadien) is a Canadian citizen of Italian descent or an Italy-born person who resides in Canada.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.

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Jade

Jade is an ornamental rock.

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James Cook

Captain James Cook, FRS, RN (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.

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Japan

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Japanese Canadian internment

Japanese Canadian Internment refers to the detainment of Japanese Canadians following the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong and Malaya and attack on Pearl Harbor, and the subsequent Canadian declaration of war on Japan during World War II.

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Japanese Canadians

are Canadian citizens of Japanese ancestry.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Japanese people

The are an ethnic group native to Japan.

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Jasper National Park

Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning.

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Jay

Jays are several species of medium-sized, usually colorful and noisy, passerine birds in the crow family, Corvidae.

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Jews

The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Jogging

Jogging is a form of trotting or running at a slow or leisurely pace.

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John Finlay (fur trader)

John Finlay (1774 – December 19, 1833) was a fur trader and explorer with the North West Company.

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John Hart (Canadian politician)

John Hart (31 March 1879, in Mohill, County Leitrim, Ireland – 7 April 1957, Victoria, British Columbia) was the 23rd Premier of British Columbia, Canada, from December 9, 1941 to December 29, 1947.

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John Robson (politician)

John Robson (14 March 1824 – 29 June 1892) was a Canadian journalist and politician, who served as the ninth Premier of the Province of British Columbia.

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Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra

Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra (22 May 1744 – 26 March 1794) was a Spanish naval officer born in Lima, Peru.

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Juan José Pérez Hernández

Juan José Pérez Hernández (born Joan Perés ca. 1725 – November 3, 1775), often simply Juan Pérez, was an 18th-century Spanish explorer.

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Judaism

Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.

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Judith Guichon

Judith Isabel Guichon, is the 29th and current Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia.

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Kamloops

Kamloops is a city in south central British Columbia in Canada, located at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River near Kamloops Lake.

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Kayak

A kayak is a small, narrow boat primarily designed to be manually propelled by means of a double-bladed paddle.

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Kelowna

Kelowna is a city on Okanagan Lake in the Okanagan Valley, in the southern interior of British Columbia, Canada.

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Kelowna International Airport

Kelowna International Airport is a Canadian airport located approximately 10 minutes or northeast of Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada, on Highway 97.

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Kemano

Kemano is a settlement situated 75 km (47 mi) southeast of Kitimat in the province of British Columbia in Canada.

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Kemano Generating Station

Kemano I Kemano project Nechako-Kemano project Kemano Hydro Project Kemano Powerhouse Kemano power station Kemano Diversion Kemano-Kitimat hydro Kemano System Kemano hydroelectric plant Kemano generating facility Kemano generating plant Kemano Generating Station - is used by BC Hydro and the Province of British Columbia in legal documents.

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Kermode bear

The Kermode bear (Ursus americanus kermodei), also known as the "spirit bear" (particularly in British Columbia), is a subspecies of the American black bear living in the Central and North Coast regions of British Columbia, Canada.

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Kicking Horse Pass

Kicking Horse Pass (el. 1627 m, 5339 ft) is a high mountain pass across the Continental Divide of the Americas of the Canadian Rockies on the Alberta/British Columbia border, and lying within Yoho and Banff National Parks.

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Killer whale

The killer whale (Orcinus orca), also referred to as the orca whale or orca, and less commonly as the blackfish or grampus, is a toothed whale belonging to the oceanic dolphin family, of which it is the largest member.

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Kitimat

Kitimat is a district municipality in the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada.

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Kootenay National Park

Kootenay National Park is located in southeastern British Columbia Canada, covering in the Canadian Rockies, and forms part of a World Heritage Site.

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Kootenays

The Kootenay region (in common parlance "The Kootenays") comprises the southeastern portion of British Columbia.

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Korean Canadians

Korean Canadians are Canadian citizens of Korean ancestry.

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Korean language

Korean (조선말, see below) is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea, as well as one of the two official languages in China's Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.

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Koreans

The Koreans (alternatively, see names of Korea) are a historic people based in the Korean Peninsula and Manchuria.

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Kuroshio Current

The is a north-flowing ocean current on the west side of the North Pacific Ocean.

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Kwakwaka'wakw

The Kwakwa̱ka̱’wakw (Kwak'wala pronunciation in) are a Pacific Northwest Coast indigenous people.

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Labour candidates and parties in Canada

There have been various groups in Canada that have nominated candidates under the label Labour Party or Independent Labour Party or other variations from the 1870s until the 1960s.

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Labour movement

The labour movement or labor movement (see spelling differences), or, respectively, labourism or laborism, are broad terms for the collective organization of working people developed to represent and campaign for better working conditions and treatment from their employers and, through the implementation of labour and employment law, their governments.

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Lacrosse

Lacrosse is a contact team sport played between two teams using a small rubber ball (62.8-64.77 mm, 140-147 g) and a long-handled stick called a crosse or lacrosse stick.

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Langford, British Columbia

Langford is a city located on southern Vancouver Island in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

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Langley, British Columbia (city)

The City of Langley is a municipality in the Greater Vancouver Regional District, aka Metro Vancouver.

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Langley, British Columbia (district municipality)

The Township of Langley is a district municipality immediately east of the City of Surrey in southwestern British Columbia, Canada.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Latin American Canadian

A Latin American Canadian is a Canadian citizen of Latin American descent or birth.

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Left-wing politics

Left-wing politics are political positions or activities that accept or support social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality.

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Legislative Assembly of British Columbia

The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is one of two components of the Parliament of British Columbia, while the other is the Queen of British Columbia, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

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Liberal Party of Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.

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Lieutenant governor

A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction, but is often the deputy or lieutenant to or ranking under a governor — a "second-in-command".

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Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia

The Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia is the viceregal representative in British Columbia of the, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in oldest realm, the United Kingdom.

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Lions Bay

Lions Bay is a small residential village municipality located north of Vancouver between Horseshoe Bay and Squamish on the Sea-to-Sky Highway on the steep eastern shores of Howe Sound.

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Liquefied natural gas

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4) that has been converted to liquid form for ease of storage or transport.

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List of agriculture ministries

An agriculture ministry (also called an agriculture department, agriculture board, agriculture council, or agriculture agency) is a ministry charged with agriculture.

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List of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada

The table below lists the census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2011 Census.

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List of designated places in British Columbia

A designated place is a type of geographic unit used by Statistics Canada to disseminate census data.

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List of First Nations governments in British Columbia

This is a list of First Nations governments (also band governments) in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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List of historic places in British Columbia

The following articles list the historic places in the province of British Columbia entered on the Canadian Register of Historic Places, whether they are federal, provincial, or municipal.

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List of islands of British Columbia

This is a list of islands of British Columbia.

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List of mayors of Vancouver

Thirty-nine persons have held the office of mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia, since 1886.

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List of people from British Columbia

This is a list of notable people born, raised, or long-time resident in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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List of regional district electoral areas in British Columbia

This is a list of Regional District Electoral Areas in the Canadian province of British Columbia. They are sorted by Regional District.

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List of regional districts of British Columbia

The Canadian province of British Columbia is partitioned into regional districts, as a means to better enable municipalities and rural areas to work together at a regional level.

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List of regions of Canada

Although these regions have no official status or defined boundaries the Provinces and territories are sometimes informally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east): Other regions are.

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List of stock characters

A stock character is a dramatic or literary character representing a type in a conventional manner and recurring in many works.

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List of the busiest airports in Canada

The following is a list of the busiest airports in Canada.

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List of V postal codes of Canada

This is a list of postal codes in Canada where the first letter is V. Postal codes beginning with V are located within the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Longboarding

Longboarding is the act of riding on a longboard skateboard.

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Longhorn beetle

The longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae; also known as long-horned or longhorn beetles or longicorns) are a cosmopolitan family of beetles, typically characterized by extremely long antennae, which are often as long as or longer than the beetle's body.

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Loon

The loons (North America) or divers (UK/Ireland) are a group of aquatic birds found in many parts of North America and northern Eurasia.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.

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Lower Mainland

The Lower Mainland is a name commonly applied to the region surrounding and including Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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Lymantria dispar dispar

Lymantria dispar dispar, commonly known as the gypsy moth, European gypsy moth, or North American gypsy moth, is a moth in the family Erebidae that is of Eurasian origin.

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Lythrum salicaria

Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrifeFlora of NW Europe) is a flowering plant belonging to the family Lythraceae.

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Lytton, British Columbia

Lytton in British Columbia, Canada, sits at the confluence of the Thompson River and Fraser River on the east side of the Fraser.

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Malay language

Malay (Bahasa Melayu; Jawi script: بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family.

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Manitoba

Manitoba is a province located at the longitudinal centre of Canada.

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Maple Ridge, British Columbia

Maple Ridge is a city in British Columbia, located in the northeastern section of Metro Vancouver between the Fraser River and the Golden Ears, a group of mountain summits which are the southernmost of the Garibaldi Ranges of the Coast Mountains.

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Marmot

Marmots are large squirrels in the genus Marmota, of which there are 15 species.

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Martial law

Martial law is the imposition of the highest-ranking military officer as the military governor or as the head of the government, thus removing all power from the previous executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

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Métis people (Canada)

The Métis people are Indigenous North Americans of mixed race.

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McGowan's War

McGowan's War was a bloodless war that took place in Yale, British Columbia in the fall of 1858.

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Megaproject

A megaproject is an extremely large-scale investment project.

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Metchosin

The District of Metchosin is a coastal community of just over 5000 people in the metro Greater Victoria region of British Columbia.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL), or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m.a.s.l.), is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation of a location in reference to historic mean sea level; the determination of what actually constitutes mean sea level over time however, may be determined by other parameters, such as the effects of climate history and climate change, and may have differed in the past, as well as in the future, from that established by historic, modern, documented elevations.

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Metro Vancouver

Metro Vancouver is the name of a political body and corporate entity designated by provincial legislation as one of the regional districts in British Columbia, Canada.

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Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metropolitan region, metro area or just metro, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing: industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Mike Harcourt

Michael Franklin Harcourt (born January 6, 1943) served as the 30th Premier of the province of British Columbia in Canada from 1991 to 1996, and before that as the 34th mayor of BC's largest city, Vancouver from 1980 to 1986.

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Mining

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner.

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Minke whale

Minke whale, or lesser rorqual, is a name given to two species of marine mammal belonging to a clade within the suborder of baleen whales.

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Minority government

A minority government, or minority cabinet or minority parliament, is a cabinet formed in a parliamentary system when a political party or coalition of parties does not have a majority of overall seats in the parliament.

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Mission, British Columbia

Mission, the core of which was formerly a separate municipality known as Mission City, is a district municipality in the Lower Mainland region of the province of British Columbia, Canada.

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Money bag

A money bag (moneybag, bag of money, money sack, sack of money, bag of gold, gold bag, sack of gold, etc.) is a bag (normally with a drawstring) of money (or gold) used to hold and transport coins and banknotes from/to a mint, bank, ATM, vending machine, business, or other institution.

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Montana

Montana is a state in the Western United States.

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Montane Cordillera Ecozone (CEC)

The Montane Cordillera is an Ecozones of Canacookies in south-central British Columbia and southwestern Alberta, Canada (an ecozone is equivalent to a Level I ecoregion in the United States).

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Moose

The moose (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces alces, is the largest extant species in the deer family.

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Mount Revelstoke National Park

Mount Revelstoke National Park is located adjacent to the city of Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada.

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Mountain bike

A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated MTB; or ATB, for all-terrain bicycle) is a bicycle created for off-road cycling.

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Mountain goat

The mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus), also known as the Rocky Mountain goat, is a large hoofed mammal endemic to North America.

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Mountain Time Zone

The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Greenwich Mean Time, during the shortest days of autumn and winter (UTC−7), and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time in the spring, summer, and early autumn (UTC−6).

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Multiracial

Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.

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Muskrat

The muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra and tribe Ondatrini, is a medium-sized semiaquatic rodent native to North America, and is an introduced species in parts of Europe, Asia, and South America.

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Mustelidae

The Mustelidae (from Latin mustela, weasel) are a family of carnivorous mammals, including the otters, badgers, weasel, martens, ferrets, minks and wolverines.

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MV Coho

The M/V Coho is a passenger and vehicle ferry owned and operated by Black Ball Line.

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Na-Dene languages

Na-Dene (also Nadene, Na-Dené, Athabaskan–Eyak–Tlingit, Tlina–Dene) is a Native American language family that includes at least the Athabaskan languages, Eyak, and Tlingit languages.

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Nanaimo

Nanaimo (Canada 2011 Census population 83,810) is a city on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire led by Emperor Napoleon I against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions.

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National Historic Sites of Canada

National Historic Sites of Canada (Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) are places that have been designated by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC), as being of national historic significance.

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National park

A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.

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National Parks of Canada

National Parks of Canada are protected natural spaces throughout the country that represent distinct geographical regions of the nation.

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Nationalization

Nationalisation (an alternative spelling is nationalization) is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.

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Natural resource

Natural Resources are all that exists without the actions of humankind.

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Nechako River

The Nechako River arises on the Nechako Plateau east of the Kitimat Ranges of the Coast Mountains of British Columbia, Canada, and flows north toward Fort Fraser, then east to Prince George where it enters the Fraser River.

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New Brunswick

New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick;, Quebec French pronunciation) is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and is the only province constitutionally bilingual (English–French).

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New Caledonia (Canada)

New Caledonia was the name given to a fur-trading district of the Hudson's Bay Company that comprised the territory of the north-central portions of present-day British Columbia, Canada.

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New Democratic Party

The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique, NPD) is a major social-democratic federal political party in Canada.

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New Westminster

New Westminster is a historically important city in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada, and is a member municipality of the Greater Vancouver Regional District.

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New York City

New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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Nootka Convention

The Nootka Sound Conventions were a series of three agreements between the Kingdom of Spain and the Kingdom of Great Britain, signed in the 1790s which averted a war between the two empires over overlapping claims to portions of the Pacific Northwest coast of North America.

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North American river otter

The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis), also known as the northern river otter or the common otter, is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to the North American continent found in and along its waterways and coasts.

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North East England

The North East is one of the nine regions of England that are classified at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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North Saanich

North Saanich is located on the Saanich Peninsula, approximately 25 km (16 mi) north of Victoria, British Columbia on southern Vancouver Island.

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North Vancouver (city)

The City of North Vancouver is a waterfront municipality on the north shore of Burrard Inlet, directly across from Vancouver, British Columbia.

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North Vancouver (district municipality)

The District of North Vancouver is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada and is part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD).

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North West Company

The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821.

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Northern England

Northern England, also known as the North of England, the North or the North Country, is a cultural region of England.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann.; or Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.

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Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories (NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO) is a territory of Canada.

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Norwegian Canadian

A Norwegian Canadian is a Canadian citizen who identifies him or herself to be of Norwegian ancestry or a Norway-born person who resides in Canada.

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Norwegian language

Norwegian (norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the sole official language.

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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland", pronounced in English as) (French: Nouvelle-Écosse) is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and constitutes one of the four Atlantic Canada provinces.

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Nuu-chah-nulth

The Nuu-chah-nulth (Nuu-chah-nulth), also formerly referred to as the Nootka, Nutka, Aht, Nuuchahnulth, or Tahkaht.

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Oak Bay, British Columbia

Oak Bay is a municipality located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in the Canadian province of British Columbia, Canada, and is a seaside community.

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Okanagan

The Okanagan, also known as the Okanagan Valley and sometimes as the Okanagan Country, is a region located in the Canadian province of British Columbia defined by the basin of Okanagan Lake and the Canadian portion of the Okanagan River.

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Okanagan Valley (wine region)

No description.

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Omineca Country

The Omineca Country, also called the Omineca District or the Omineca, is a historical geographic region of the Northern Interior of British Columbia, roughly defined by the basin of the Omineca River but including areas to the south which allowed access to the region during the Omineca Gold Rush of the 1860s.

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On-to-Ottawa Trek

The On-to-Ottawa Trek was a long journey where thousands of unemployed men protested the dismal conditions in federal relief camps scattered in remote areas across Western Canada.

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Oncorhynchus

Oncorhynchus is a genus of fish in the family Salmonidae; it contains the Pacific salmon and Pacific trout.

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Ontario

Ontario is one of the ten provinces of Canada, located in east-central Canada.

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Oregon

Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.

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Oregon Territory

The Territory of Oregon was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from August 14, 1848, until February 14, 1859, when the southwestern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Oregon.

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Oregon Treaty

The Oregon Treaty is a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United States that was signed on June 15, 1846, in Washington, D.C. Signed under the presidency of James K. Polk, the treaty brought an end to the Oregon boundary dispute by settling competing American and British claims to the Oregon Country; the area had been jointly occupied by both Britain and the U.S. since the Treaty of 1818.

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Orthodox Christianity

Orthodox Christianity refers to the set of doctrines which were believed by the early Christians.

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Osoyoos

Osoyoos (historically) is a town in the southern part of the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia near the border with Washington state, between Penticton and Omak.

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Osprey

The osprey (Pandion haliaetus), sometimes known as the fish eagle, sea hawk, river hawk, or fish hawk, is a diurnal, fish-eating bird of prey.

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Outdoor recreation

Outdoor recreation or outdoor activity is leisure pursuits engaged in the outdoors, often in natural or semi-natural settings out of town.

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Outline of British Columbia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to British Columbia: British Columbia – westernmost of Canada's provinces.

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Owl

Owls are birds from the order Strigiformes, which includes about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey typified by an upright stance, a large, broad head, binocular vision, binaural hearing and feathers adapted for silent flight.

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Pacific coast

A country's Pacific coast is the part of its coast bordering the Pacific Ocean.

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Pacific Marine Ecozone (CEC)

The Pacific Marine Ecozone is a Canadian and American marine ecozone extending to the international waters of the Pacific Ocean from the coasts of Alaska, British Columbia, Washington and Oregon.

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Pacific Maritime Ecozone (CEC)

The Pacific Maritime Ecozone is a Canadian terrestrial ecozone, spanning a strip approximately 200 kilometres wide along the British Columbian coast, then narrowing along the border with Alaska.

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Pacific Northwest

The Pacific Northwest (in the United States, commonly abbreviated as PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and, loosely, by the Rocky Mountains on the east.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Pacific oyster

The Pacific oyster, Japanese oyster or Miyagi oyster (Crassostrea gigas), is an oyster native to the Pacific coast of Asia.

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Pacific Press Publishing Association

The Pacific Press Publishing Association, or Pacific Press for short, is one of two major Seventh-day Adventist publishing houses in North America.

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Pacific Rim National Park Reserve

Pacific Rim National Park Reserve is a Canadian national park reserve in British Columbia made up of parks of three separate regions: Long Beach, the Broken Group Islands, and the West Coast Trail.

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Pacific Time Zone

The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−8).

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Pacific white-sided dolphin

The Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens) is a very active dolphin found in the cool to temperate waters of the North Pacific Ocean.

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Paleo-Indians

Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleoamericans is a classification term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.

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Peace River

The Peace River (French: rivière de la Paix) is a river in Canada that originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows to the northeast through northern Alberta.

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Peace River Country

The Peace River Country (or Peace Country) is an aspen parkland region around the Peace River in Canada.

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Penticton

Penticton is a city in the Okanagan Valley of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, Canada, situated between Okanagan and Skaha Lakes.

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Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi or Parsi (English:; Persian: فارسی), is the predominant modern descendant of Old Persian, a southwestern Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Picea engelmannii

Picea engelmannii, with common names Engelmann spruce, white spruce, mountain spruce, or silver spruce, is a species of spruce native to western North America, from central British Columbia and southwest Alberta, southwest to northern California and southeast to Arizona and New Mexico; there are also two isolated populations in northern Mexico.

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Pig War

The Pig War was a confrontation in 1859 between the United States and the British Empire over the boundary between the US and the British Empire.

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Pitt Meadows

Pitt Meadows is a city in southwestern British Columbia, Canada and a member municipality in Metro Vancouver.

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Plurality voting system

The plurality voting system is a single-winner voting system often used to elect executive officers, or members of a legislative assembly based on single-member constituencies.

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Polish Canadians

Polish Canadians are Citizens of Canada with Polish ancestry, and Poles who immigrated to Canada from abroad.

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Polish language

Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and the native language of the Poles.

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Populism

Populism is a doctrine that appeals to the interests and conceptions (such as hopes and fears) of the general population, especially when contrasting any new collective consciousness push against the prevailing status quo interests of any predominant political sector.

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Port Angeles, Washington

Port Angeles is a city in and the county seat of Clallam County, Washington, United States.

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Port Coquitlam

Port Coquitlam is a city in British Columbia, Canada.

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Port Metro Vancouver

Port Metro Vancouver (legally Vancouver Fraser Port Authority) is a non-shareholder, financially self-sufficient corporation established by the Government of Canada in January 2008, pursuant to the Canada Marine Act, and accountable to the federal Minister of Transport.

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Port Moody

Port Moody is a city in Metro Vancouver, enveloping the east end of Burrard Inlet in British Columbia, Canada.

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Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.

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Portuguese people

Portuguese people (os portugueses) are an ethnic group native to the country of Portugal, in the west of the Iberian Peninsula of Southwestern Europe.

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Potlatch

A potlatch is a gift-giving feast practiced by indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast of Canada and the United States,Harkin, Michael E., 2001, Potlatch in Anthropology, International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes, eds., vol 17, pp.

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Premier (Canada)

In Canada, a premier is the head of government of a province or territory.

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Prince George, British Columbia

Prince George, with a population of 71,973 (census agglomeration of 88,043),Statistics Canada 2011 Census is the largest city in northern British Columbia, Canada, and is the "Northern Capital" of BC despite being located in the geographical southern half of the province at only 54 degrees latitude.

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Prince Rupert of the Rhine

Rupert, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, Duke of Cumberland, Earl of Holderness (Ruprecht Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog von Bayern), commonly called Prince Rupert of the Rhine, KG, PC, FRS (17 December 1619 – 29 November 1682), was a noted German soldier, admiral, scientist, sportsman, colonial governor and amateur artist during the 17th century.

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Prince Rupert Port Authority

The Prince Rupert Port Authority (PRPA) is a port authority operating under the Canada Marine Act as an autonomous and commercially viable agency.

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Prince Rupert, British Columbia

Prince Rupert is a port city in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

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Prohibition in Canada

The prohibition of alcohol in Canada arose in various stages, from the possibility of local municipal bans in the late 19th century, to provincial bans in the early 20th century, to national prohibition (a temporary wartime measure) from 1918 to 1920.

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Prohibition in the United States

Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the sale, production, importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1933.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.

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Province of Canada

The United Province of Canada, or Province of Canada, or the United Canadas was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867.

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Provinces and territories of Canada

The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second-largest country by area.

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Provincial park

A provincial park (or territorial park) is a park created under the authority of and is managed by a provincial or territorial government in Canada.

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Public transport

Public transport (North American English: public transportation or public transit) is a shared passenger transport service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, carpooling or hired buses which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement.

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Punjabi language

Punjabi (Shahmukhi: پنجابی; Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 130 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 9th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.

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Punjabis

The Punjabis (Punjabi: (Shahmukhi), ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (Gurmukhi), Hindi: पंजाबी (Devanagari)), also spelt Panjabis, are an ethnic group of Indo-Aryan peoples, originating from the Punjab region, found in Pakistan and northern India.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Rafting

Rafting and white water rafting are recreational outdoor activities which use an inflatable raft to navigate a river or other body of water.

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Rainbow trout

The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a trout and species of salmonid native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America.

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Ranked voting system

Preferential voting or rank voting describes certain voting systems in which voters rank outcomes in a hierarchy on the ordinal scale.

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Rapid transit

Rapid transit, also known as metro, subway, underground, or colloquially as "the train", is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

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Raven

A raven is one of several larger-bodied members of the genus Corvus.

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Recession

In economics, a recession is a business cycle contraction.

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Regional park

A regional park is an area of land preserved on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, recreational use or other reason, and under the administration of a form of local government.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland.

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Richmond, British Columbia

Richmond is a coastal city incorporated in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Right-of-way (transportation)

A right-of-way is a right to make a way over a piece of land, usually to and from another piece of land.

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Rio Tinto Alcan

Rio Tinto Alcan Inc. is a Canadian company based in Montreal.

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Rita Johnston

Rita Margaret Johnston (born April 22, 1935; née Leichert) is a Canadian politician in British Columbia.

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Robert Beaven

Robert Beaven (January 20, 1836 – September 18, 1920), son of James Beaven, was a British Columbia politician and businessman.

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Robert Bonner (politician)

The Hon.

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Roberts Bank

Roberts Bank is an undersea bank on the south side of the estuary of the Fraser River approximately 35 kilometers south of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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Rocky Mountains

The Rocky Mountains, commonly known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.

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Romanian language

Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: română, limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language spoken by around 24 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.

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Romanians

Romanians (dated: Rumanians or Roumanians; in români or — historically, but now a seldom-used regionalism — rumâni; dated exonym: Vlachs) are a nation and ethnic group native to Romania that share a common Romanian culture, ancestry, and speak the Romanian language as a mother tongue, as well as by citizenship or by being subjects to the same country.

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Royal Maitland

Royal Lethington (Pat) Maitland (January 9, 1898 – March 28, 1946) was a British Columbia lawyer and politician.

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Rubus armeniacus

Rubus armeniacus, Armenian Blackberry or Himalayan Blackberry, is a species of Rubus in the blackberry group Rubus subgenus Rubus series Discolores (P.J. Müll.) Focke.

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Rugby union

Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

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Rupert's Land

Rupert's Land, or Prince Rupert's Land, was a territory in British North America, consisting the Hudson Bay drainage basin, which was nominally owned by the Hudson's Bay Company for 200 years from 1670 to 1870, although numerous aboriginal groups lived in the same territory and disputed the sovereignty of the area.

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Russian Canadian

A Russian Canadian is a Canadian citizen of Russian descent or a Russia-born person who resides in Canada.

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Russian colonization of the Americas

The Russian colonization of the Americas covers the period from 1732 to 1867, when the Russian Empire laid claim to northern Pacific Coast territories in the Americas.

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Russian language

Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

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Saanich, British Columbia

The District of Saanich is a district municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, within the Greater Victoria area.

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Saanichton

Saanichton, British Columbia is a village, in the municipality of Central Saanich, located between Victoria and the BC Ferry Terminal, west of the Pat Bay Highway (Hwy 17), at the junction of Mount Newton Cross Road and East Saanich Road.

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Sailing

Sailing is combined wind propulsion by means of sails and steering of a craft on water, ice or land.

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Salishan languages

The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana).

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Salmon

Salmon is the common name for several species of fish in the family Salmonidae.

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Salmonidae

Salmonidae is a family of ray-finned fish, the only living family currently placed in the order Salmoniformes.

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Salvelinus

Salvelinus is a genus of salmonid fish often called char or charr; some species are called "trout".

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Same-sex marriage in Canada

On July 20, 2005, Canada became the fourth country in the world, and the first country outside Europe, to legalize same-sex marriage nationwide with the enactment of the Civil Marriage Act which provided a gender-neutral marriage definition.

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Samuel Black

Samuel Black (May 3, 1780 – February 8, 1841) British fur trader and explorer, Clerk in the New North Nest Company (XYC) and Wintering Partner in the North West Company (NWC), and later Clerk, Chief Trader, and Chief factor in the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) for the Columbia District.

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Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is a prairie province in Canada, which has a total area of and a land area of, the remainder being water area (covered by lakes/ponds, reservoirs and rivers).

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Scandinavia

Scandinavia is a historical and cultural-linguistic region in Northern Europe characterized by a common ethno-cultural North Germanic heritage and related languages.

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Scotland

Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scottish Canadian

Scottish Canadians are people of Scottish descent or heritage living in Canada.

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Sea kayak

A sea kayak or touring kayak is a kayak developed for the sport of paddling on open waters of lakes, bays, and the ocean.

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Sea otter

The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean.

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Seattle

Seattle is a coastal seaport city and the seat of King County.

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Secretary of State for the Colonies

The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies.

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Securities fraud

Securities fraud, also known as stock fraud and investment fraud, is a deceptive practice in the stock or commodities markets that induces investors to make purchase or sale decisions on the basis of false information, frequently resulting in losses, in violation of securities laws.

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Secwepemc

The Secwepemc (Secwepemc: or), known in English as the Shuswap people, are a First Nations people residing in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Sedentary lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle is a type of lifestyle with no or irregular physical activity.

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Semi-arid climate

A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not extremely.

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Serbian language

Serbian (српски, Latin: srpski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used chiefly by Serbs in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Sidney, British Columbia

Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Sikhism

Sikhism, or Sikhi (from Sikh, meaning a disciple, or a learner), is a monotheistic religion founded in South Asia in the 15th century.

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Simon Fraser (explorer)

Simon Fraser (20 May 1776 – 18 August 1862) was a British fur trader and an explorer who charted much of what is now the Canadian province of British Columbia (B.C.). He also built the first European settlement in B.C..

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Simon Fraser University

Simon Fraser University (SFU) is a public research university in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, with its main campus on Burnaby Mountain and satellite campuses in Downtown Vancouver and Surrey.

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Skiing

Skiing is a mode of transport, recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.

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SkyTrain (Vancouver)

SkyTrain is the rapid transit metropolitan rail system of Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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Slocan Valley

The Slocan Valley is a valley in the West Kootenay region of British Columbia, Canada.

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Slovak language

Slovak (slovenský jazyk,; slovenčina; not to be confused with slovenski jezik or slovenščina, the native names of the Slovene language) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, Silesian, Kashubian, and Sorbian).

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Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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Smith River, British Columbia

Smith River is an unincorporated settlement in the Liard Country of far northern British Columbia, Canada.

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Snowboarding

Snowboarding is a recreational activity and olympic sport that involves descending a slope that is covered with snow while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet.

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Social democracy

Social democracy is a political ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy, and a policy regime involving welfare state provisions, collective bargaining arrangements, regulation of the economy in the general interest, redistribution of income and wealth, and a commitment to representative democracy.

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Socialism

Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership and/or social control of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims at the establishment of such a system.

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Softball

Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball on a smaller field.

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Solidarity Crisis

The Solidarity Crisis refers to a protest movement in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1983 that emerged in response to the Social Credit (Socred) government's economic policy of "restraint." A mass coalition, the Solidarity Coalition, was formed, composed of community organizations and trade unions, which many expected would culminate in a general strike.

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Sooke

Sooke is a district municipality situated on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada.

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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

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Southeast Alaska

Southeast Alaska, sometimes referred to as the Alaska Panhandle, is the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Alaska, which lies west from the northern half of the Canadian province, British Columbia.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Southern Railway of Vancouver Island

The Southern Railway of Vancouver Island is in length, and is one of two remaining railways on Vancouver Island, the other being the Englewood Railway.

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Spaniards

Spaniards (españoles.) are a nation and ethnic group native to Spain that share a common Spanish culture and speak the Spanish language as a mother tongue.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio español) was one of the largest empires in world history and one of the first of global extent.

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Spanish language

Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.

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Speech from the throne

A speech from the throne (or throne speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the reigning sovereign, or a representative thereof, reads a prepared speech to the members of parliament when a session is opened, outlining the government's agenda for the session.

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Spotted owl

The spotted owl (Strix occidentalis) is a species of true owl.

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Squirrel

Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae, consisting of small or medium-size rodents.

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Status quo

Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regards to social or political issues.

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Steller's jay

The Steller's jay (Cyanocitta stelleri) is a jay native to western North America, closely related to the blue jay found in the rest of the continent, but with a black head and upper body.

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Strait of Georgia

The Strait of Georgia or the Georgia Strait is a strait between Vancouver Island, and the mainland coast of British Columbia, Canada and extreme northern Washington, United States.

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Sturgeon

Sturgeon is the common name for the 27 species of fish belonging to the family Acipenseridae.

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Subarctic climate

The subarctic climate (also called subpolar climate or boreal climate) is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers.

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Surrey, British Columbia

Surrey is a city in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

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Swan

Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.

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Swedish Canadian

Swedish Canadians (Svenskkanadensare) are Canadian citizens of Swedish ancestry or Sweden-born people who resides in Canada.

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Swedish language

Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by about 9 million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.

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Swiss people

The Swiss (die Schweizer, les Suisses, gli Svizzeri, ils Svizzers) are citizens or natives of Switzerland.

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Syilx

The Okanagan people, also spelled Okanogan, are a First Nations and Native American people whose traditional territory spans the U.S.-Canada boundary in Washington state and British Columbia in the Okanagan Country region.

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Tagalog language

Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.

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Taiga Plains Ecozone (CEC)

The Taiga Plain is a Canadian terrestrial ecozone that covers most of the western Northwest Territories, extending to northwest Alberta, northeast British Columbia and slightly overlapping northeastern Yukon.

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Tamil language

Tamil also spelt Thamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.

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Tan Yu

Tan Yu (鄭周敏, April 5 1927 – 12 March 2002) was a Chinese philanthropist and businessman who founded the Asiaworld Internationale Group and established the KTTI Foundation, which provided scholarships to and supported the education of thousands of young students.

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Taraxacum

Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae and consists of species commonly known as dandelion.

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Tax per head

A poll tax (head tax or capitation tax, in U.S. English) is a tax of a portioned, fixed amount applied to an individual in accordance with the census (as opposed to a percentage of income, or any proxy for ability-to-pay).

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Teck Resources

Teck Resources Limited known as Teck Cominco until late 2008, is a Canadian metals and mining company.

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Telemark skiing

Telemark skiing is a ski technique that combines elements of Alpine and Nordic skiing.

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Temperate rainforest

Temperate rainforests are coniferous or broadleaf forests that occur in the temperate zone and receive high rainfall.

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Tennis

Tennis is a racquet sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Tent caterpillar

Tent caterpillars are moderately sized species in the genus Malacosoma and in the moth family Lasiocampidae.

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The Vancouver Sun

The Vancouver Sun is a daily newspaper first published in the Canadian province of British Columbia on February 12, 1912.

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Third party (politics)

In electoral politics, a third party is any party contending for votes that failed to outpoll either of its two strongest rivals (or, in the context of an impending election, is considered highly unlikely to do so).

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Thistle

Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterized by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae.

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Thompson River

The Thompson River is the largest tributary of the Fraser River, flowing through the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada.

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Thuja plicata

Thuja plicata, commonly called western or Pacific redcedar, giant or western arborvitae, giant cedar, or shinglewood, is a species of Thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae native to western North America.

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Tit (bird)

The tits, chickadees, and titmice constitute the Paridae, a large family of small passerine birds which occur in the Northern Hemisphere and Africa.

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Tlingit

The Tlingit (or; also spelled Tlinkit) are an indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America.

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Tofino

Tofino is a district of about 1,876 residents on the west coast of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada, located at the western terminus of Highway 4, on the tip of the Esowista Peninsula, at the southern edge of Clayoquot Sound.

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Tom Campbell (Canadian politician)

Thomas J. Campbell, Q.C. (October 5, 1927 – January 27, 2012) was a Canadian politician, who served as the 31st mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia from 1967 through 1972.

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Toronto

Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the capital of the province of Ontario.

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Totem pole

Totem poles are monumental sculptures carved on poles, posts, or pillars with symbols or figures made from large trees, mostly western red cedar, by indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest coast of North America (northwestern United States and Canada's western province, British Columbia).

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Tourism

Tourism is travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration.

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Trade union

A trade union (British EnglishAustralian EnglishNew Zealand EnglishSouth African English / Caribbean English; also trades union), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.

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Trading post

A trading post was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, although the practice long predates that continent's colonization by Europeans.

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Traffic barrier

Traffic barriers (sometimes called crash barriers, or Armco barriers,AK Steel (formerly Armco) genericized trademark also known in North America as guardrails or guard rails and in Britain as crash barriers) keep vehicles within their roadway and prevent vehicles from colliding with dangerous obstacles such as boulders, buildings, walls or large storm drains.

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Traffic light

Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights and robots, and also known technically as traffic control signals, are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings and other locations to control conflicting flows of traffic.

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Trail riding

Trail riding is riding outdoors on trails, bridle paths, and forest roads, but not on roads regularly used by motorised traffic.

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Trail, British Columbia

Trail is a city in the West Kootenay region of the Interior of British Columbia, Canada.

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Trans-Canada Highway

The Trans-Canada Highway (French: Route Transcanadienne) is a transcontinental federal-provincial highway system that travels through all ten provinces of Canada between its Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean coasts to the west and east respectively.

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Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong

The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, referred to as "the Handover" internationally or "the Return" in China, took place on 1 July 1997.

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TransLink (British Columbia)

TransLink (legally the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority) is the corporation responsible for the regional transportation network of Metro Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada, including public transport and major roads and bridges.

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Treaty of 1818

The Convention respecting fisheries, boundary and the restoration of slaves between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was a treaty signed in 1818 between the United States and the United Kingdom.

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Trolleybus

A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-1647-X. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with ISBN 0-7537-0970-8 or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.

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Trout

Trout is the common name for a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the genera Oncorhynchus, Salmo and Salvelinus, all of the subfamily Salmoninae of the family Salmonidae.

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Tsawwassen

Tsawwassen (from North Straits Salish: or, meaning "facing the ocean") is a suburban, mostly residential community located on a peninsula in the southwestern corner of the Municipality of Delta, British Columbia, Canada.

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Tsilhqot'in

The Tsilhqot'in (also spelled Chilcotin, Tsilhqut'in, Tŝinlhqot’in, Chilkhodin, Tsilkótin, Tsilkotin) are a First Nation band government of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group that live in British Columbia, Canada.

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Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia

is a decision of the Supreme Court of Canada which established land title for the Tsilhqot'in First Nation.

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Tsimshianic languages

The Tsimshianic languages are a family of languages spoken in northwestern British Columbia and in Southeast Alaska on Annette Island and Ketchikan.

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Tumbler Ridge

Tumbler Ridge is a district municipality in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, and a member municipality of the Peace River Regional District.

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Turkish language

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeastern Europe and 55–60 million native speakers in Western Asia.

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Two sets of books

The concept of "two sets of books" refers to the practice of attempting to hide or disguise certain financial transactions from outsiders by having a set of fraudulent accounting records (or "books") for official use and another, the real set, for personal records.

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U.S. state

A state of the United States of America is one of the 50 constituent political entities that shares its sovereignty with the United States federal government.

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Ujjal Dosanjh

Ujjal Dev Singh Dosanjh, (born September 9, 1947) is a Canadian lawyer and politician.

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Ukrainian Canadian

A Ukrainian Canadian (Український канадець, Україноканадець; translit. Ukrayins'kyi kanadets, Ukrayinokanadets) refers to a Canadian of Ukrainian descent who is an immigrant to or a descendant born in Canada.

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Ukrainian language

No description.

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Ulex

Ulex (gorse, furze or whin) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae.

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United Church of Canada

The United Church of Canada (Église unie du Canada) is the largest Protestant Christian denomination in Canada, and the second largest Canadian Christian denomination after the Roman Catholic Church.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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University Endowment Lands

The University Endowment Lands (UEL) is an unincorporated area that lies to the west of the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, surrounding the University of British Columbia.

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University of British Columbia

The University of British Columbia, commonly referred to as UBC, is a public Canadian research university based in British Columbia.

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University of Northern British Columbia

The University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC) is a small, primarily undergraduate university, the main campus of which is located in Prince George, British Columbia.

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University of the Fraser Valley

The University of the Fraser Valley (UFV), (formerly known as University College of the Fraser Valley and Fraser Valley College) is a Canadian public university with campuses in Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Mission and Hope, British Columbia.

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University of Victoria

The University of Victoria (UVic or Victoria) is a public research university located in Saanich and Oak Bay within Greater Victoria, 5.71 km northeast of downtown Victoria, British Columbia.

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Urdu

Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:;, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a standardised register of the Hindustani language.

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Vancouver

Vancouver officially the City of Vancouver, is a coastal seaport city on the mainland of British Columbia, Canada.

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Vancouver International Airport

Vancouver International Airport is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about from Downtown Vancouver.

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Vancouver Island

Vancouver Island, located in British Columbia, Canada, is the largest Pacific island east of New Zealand.

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Vancouver Island marmot

The Vancouver Island marmot (Marmota vancouverensis) naturally occurs only in the high mountains of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia.

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Vancouver Island University

Vancouver Island University (formerly known as Malaspina University-College and before that as Malaspina College) is a Canadian public university serving in Vancouver Island and coastal British Columbia.

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Vancouver, Washington

Vancouver is a city on the north bank of the Columbia River in the U.S. State of Washington.

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Vanderhoof, British Columbia

Vanderhoof is a district municipality that lies near the geographical centre of British Columbia, Canada.

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Vasco Núñez de Balboa

Vasco Núñez de Balboa (c. 1475around January 12–21, 1519) was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador.

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Vermilion Pass

Vermilion Pass (el.) is a high mountain pass in the Canadian Rockies, traversing the continental divide.

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Vernon, British Columbia

Vernon is a city in the Okanagan region of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, Canada.

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Victoria International Airport

Victoria International Airport serves Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

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Victoria, British Columbia

Victoria is the capital city of British Columbia, Canada, and is located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast. The city has a population of about 80,017, while the metropolitan area of Greater Victoria, has a population of 344,615, making it the 15th most populous Canadian urban region. Victoria is about from BC's largest city of Vancouver on the mainland. The city is about from Seattle by airplane, ferry, or the Victoria Clipper passenger-only ferry which operates daily, year round between Seattle and Victoria and from Port Angeles, Washington, by ferry Coho across the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Named after Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and, at the time, British North America, Victoria is one of the oldest cities in the Pacific Northwest, with British settlement beginning in 1843. The city has retained a large number of its historic buildings, in particular its two most famous landmarks, Legislative buildings,(finished in 1897 and home of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia) and the Empress hotel (opened in 1908). The city's Chinatown is the second oldest in North America after San Francisco's. The region's Coast Salish First Nations peoples established communities in the area long before non-native settlement, possibly several thousand years earlier, which had large populations at the time of European exploration. Victoria, like many Vancouver Island communities, continues to have a sizeable First Nations presence, composed of peoples from all over Vancouver Island and beyond. Known as the "The Garden City", Victoria is an attractive city and a popular tourism destination with a thriving technology sector that has risen to be its largest revenue-generating private industry. Victoria is in the top twenty of world cities for quality-of-life, according to Numbeo. The city has a large non-local student population, who come to attend the University of Victoria, Camosun College, Royal Roads University, the Victoria College of Art, the Sooke Schools International Programme and the Canadian College of Performing Arts. Victoria is very popular with boaters with its beautiful and rugged shorelines and beaches. Victoria is also popular with retirees, who come to enjoy the temperate and usually snow-free climate of the area as well as the usually relaxed pace of the city.

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Vietnamese language

Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in the north of Vietnam and is the national and official language of the country.

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Vietnamese people

The Vietnamese people or the Kinh people (người Việt or người Kinh) are an Asian ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam and southern China.

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View Royal

View Royal is a town in Greater Victoria and a member municipality of the Capital Regional District of British Columbia, Canada.

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Visayan languages

The Visayan or Bisaya languages of the Philippines, along with Tagalog and Bikol, are part of the Central Philippine languages.

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Visible minority

A visible minority is defined by the Canadian government as "persons, other than aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour".

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W. A. C. Bennett

William Andrew Cecil Bennett, PC, OC (September 6, 1900February 23, 1979) was the 25th Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.

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Walla Walla, Washington

Walla Walla is the largest city in and the county seat of Walla Walla County, Washington, United States.

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Washington (state)

Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States located north of Oregon, west of Idaho, and south of the Canadian province of British Columbia on the coast of the Pacific Ocean.

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Washington State Ferries

Washington State Ferries (WSF) is a government agency that operates automobile and passenger ferry service in the U.S. state of Washington as part of the Washington State Department of Transportation.

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Watson Lake, Yukon

Watson Lake is a town in Yukon, Canada located at historical mile 635 on the Alaska Highway close to the British Columbia border.

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West Vancouver

West Vancouver is a district municipality in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

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Western Asia

Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.

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Western Canada

Western Canada, also referred to as the Western provinces and more commonly known as the West, is a region of Canada that includes the four provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

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Westside-Kelowna

Westside-Kelowna is a provincial electoral district in British Columbia, Canada established by the ''Electoral Districts Act, 2008''.

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Whistler Blackcomb

Whistler Blackcomb is a major ski resort located 125 km north of Vancouver, in British Columbia, Canada.

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Whistler, British Columbia

Whistler (Squamish language: Sḵwiḵw) is a Canadian resort town in the southern Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in the province of British Columbia, Canada, approximately north of Vancouver and south of the town of Pemberton.

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White Pass and Yukon Route

The White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&Y, WP&YR) is a Canadian and U.S. Class II narrow gauge railroad linking the port of Skagway, Alaska, with Whitehorse, the capital of Yukon.

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White Rock, British Columbia

White Rock is a city in British Columbia, Canada.

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Whitewater

Whitewater, usually spelled white water in both American and British English, is formed in a rapid, when a river's gradient increases enough to create so much turbulence that air is entrained into the water body, that is, it forms a bubbly or aerated and unstable current; the frothy water appears white.

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Windsurfing

Windsurfing is a surface water sport that combines elements of surfing and sailing.

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Winnipeg

Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba, Canada.

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Winter sport

A winter sport is a sport which is played in winter.

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Wolverine

The wolverine, Gulo gulo (Gulo is Latin for "glutton"), also referred to as glutton, carcajou, skunk bear, or quickhatch, is the largest land-dwelling species of the family Mustelidae (weasels).

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Woodlouse

A woodlouse (plural woodlice), also known by many common names (see below), is an isopod crustacean with a rigid, segmented, long exoskeleton and fourteen jointed limbs.

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Workforce

The workforce or labour force (also labor force in the United States) is the labour pool in employment.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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WWOOF

World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms (WWOOF), or Willing Workers on Organic Farms, is a loose network of national organizations that facilitate placement of volunteers on organic farms.

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Yale, British Columbia

Yale is an unincorporated town in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

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Yellowhead Highway

The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.

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Yellowhead Pass

The Yellowhead Pass is a mountain pass across the Continental Divide of the Americas in the Canadian Rockies.

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Yeniseian languages

The Yeniseian languages (lenessian) (sometimes known as Yeniseic or Yenisei-Ostyak;"Ostyak" is a concept of areal rather than genetic linguistics. In addition to the Yeniseian languages it also includes the Uralic languages Khanty and Selkup. occasionally spelled with -ss-) are a language family whose languages are and were spoken in the Yenisei River region of central Siberia.

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Yoho National Park

Yoho National Park is located in the Canadian Rocky Mountains along the western slope of the Continental Divide in southeastern British Columbia.

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York Factory Express

The York Factory Express, usually called "the Express" and also called the Columbia Express and the Communication, was a fur brigade operated by the Hudson's Bay Company in the early 19th century connecting York Factory and Fort Vancouver.

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Yukon

Yukon (also commonly called the Yukon) is the westernmost and smallest of Canada's three federal territories.

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2010 Winter Olympics

The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as Vancouver 2010, informally the 21st Winter Olympics, were a major international multi-sport event held from February 12 to 28, 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the resort town of Whistler.

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49th parallel north

The 49th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 49 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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Redirects here:

BC Canada, BC, Canada, BCer, British Colombia, British Columbia Boundaries Act 1863, British Columbia, Canada, British Columbian, British columbia, Brittish columbia, Brtish Columbia, CA-BC, Colombie-Britannique, Columbia Británica, Ecology of British Columbia, La Colombie-Britannique, Pacific Canada, Province of British Columbia, Recreation in British Columbia.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Columbia

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