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The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major World War II campaign, in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis Powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714)All dates in this article are in the Old Style Julian calendar used in Great Britain throughout Anne's lifetime, except that years are assumed to start on 1 January rather than 25 March, which was the English New Year.
Archibald Douglas, 2nd Earl of Forfar, 3rd Earl of Ormond (25 May 1692 – 8 December 1715) was a Scottish peer.
The Army Reserve (previously known as the Territorial Force, Territorial Army (TA) and the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1920 to 2014) is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Major-General Sir Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell (1867 - 14 February 1943) was a British Army officer.
General Sir Arthur Henry Fitzroy Paget GCB, GCVO, PC (Ire) (1 March 1851 – 8 December 1928) was a soldier who reached the rank of General and served as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, where he was partly responsible for the Curragh Incident.
Bathurst is a regional city in the Central Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia.
A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.
The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between 30 August and 5 September 1942 south of El Alamein during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Albert (1–13 July 1916), comprised the first two weeks of Anglo-French offensive operations in the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of Albuera (16 May 1811) was a battle during the Peninsular War.
The Battle of Anzio was an important battle of the Italian Campaign during World War II that began on January 22, 1944, with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle against the German forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive during the First World War.
The Battle of Épehy was a battle of the First World War fought on 18 September 1918, involving the British Fourth Army (under the command of General Henry Rawlinson) against German outpost positions in front of the Hindenburg Line.The village of Épehy was captured on 18 September by the 12th (Eastern) Division.
The Battle of Blenheim (referred to in some countries as the Second Battle of Höchstädt), fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Battle of Cambrai (designated Battle of Cambrai, 1917 by the Battlefield Nomenclature Committee; also sometimes referred to as the First Battle of Cambrai) was a British offensive and German counter-offensive battle in the First World War.
The Battle of Delville Wood was a series of engagements in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in the First World War, between the armies of the German Empire and the British Empire.
The Battle of Dettingen (Schlacht bei Dettingen) took place on 27 JuneMany British sources from the time express the date as 16 June (according to the 'Julian calendar', which was still in use in Britain at the time) instead of 27 June according to the Gregorian calendar.
The Battle of Dunkirk was an important battle that took place in Dunkirk, France, during the Second World War between the Allies and Germany.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War, beginning on 10 May 1940, defeating primarily French forces.
The Battle of Leros (Μάχη της Λέρου) was the central event of the Dodecanese Campaign of the Second World War, and is widely used as an alternate name for the whole campaign.
The 2nd Battle of Longstop Hill or the Capture of Longstop Hill took place in Tunisia during the Tunisia Campaign from 21 to 23 April 1943.
The Battle of Loos was the largest British battle that took place in 1915 on the Western Front during World War I. It was the first time the British used poison gas and the first mass engagement of New Army units.
The Battle of Malplaquet, fought on 11 September 1709, was one of the main battles of the War of the Spanish Succession, which opposed the Bourbons of France and Spain against an alliance whose major members were the Habsburg Monarchy, Great Britain, the United Provinces and the Kingdom of Prussia.
The Battle of Messines was an offensive conducted by the British Second Army, under the command of General Sir Herbert Plumer, on the Western Front near the village of Messines in Belgian West Flanders during the First World War.
The Battle of Oudenarde (or Oudenaarde) was a key battle in the War of the Spanish Succession fought on 11 July 1708 between the forces of Great Britain, the Dutch Republic and the Holy Roman Empire on the one side and those of France on the other.
The Battle of Paardeberg or Perdeberg ("Horse Mountain") was a major battle during the Second Anglo-Boer War.
The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Ramillies, fought on 23 May 1706, was a major engagement of the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Battle of Rorke's Drift, also known as the Defence of Rorke's Drift, was a battle in the Anglo-Zulu War.
The Battle of Spion Kop (Slag bij Spionkop.; Slag van Spioenkop) was fought about west-south-west of Ladysmith on the hilltop of Spioenkop(1) along the Tugela River, Natal in South Africa from 23–24 January 1900.
The Battle of the Ancre was the final large British attack of the Battle of the Somme in 1916.
The Battle of the Ancre Heights 1 October – 11 November 1916, was the continuation of British attacks after the Battle of Thiepval Ridge from by the Reserve Army (renamed Fifth Army on 29 October) from Courcelette near the Albert–Bapaume road, west to Thiepval on Bazentin Ridge.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire.
The Beaney House of Art and Knowledge is the central museum, library and art gallery of the city of Canterbury, Kent, England.
Belle-Île, Belle-Île-en-Mer, or Belle Isle (ar Gerveur in Modern Breton; Guedel in Old Breton) is a French island off the coast of Brittany in the département of Morbihan, and the largest of Brittany's islands.
Bertram Wilberforce "Bertie" Wooster is a recurring fictional character in the Jeeves novels of British author P. G. Wodehouse.
The British Army is the United Kingdom's principal land warfare force.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army in Europe from 1939 to 1940 during the Second World War.
The Indian Army was the principal army of India before independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
Buff is the pale yellow-brown colour of the un-dyed leather of several animals.
The European buff coat (the term deriving from the ox or buffalo hide from which it was commonly made) was an item of leather clothing worn by cavalry and officers during the 17th century, it also saw limited use by some infantry.
The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was fought primarily by British Commonwealth, Chinese and United States forces against the forces of the Empire of Japan, who were assisted to some degree by Thailand, the Burmese Independence Army and the Indian National Army.
Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent in the United Kingdom.
Cashiering (or degradation ceremony) generally within military forces is a ritual dismissal of an individual from some position of responsibility for a breach of discipline.
General Charles Churchill (2 February 1656 – 29 December 1714) was an English army officer who served during the War of the Spanish Succession.
Sir Charles Wills KB (October 1666 – 25 December 1741) was a British general in the 18th century.
Chester Farm is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission burial ground for the dead of the First World War located in the Ypres Salient on the Western Front.
The Childers Reforms of 1881 restructured the infantry regiments of the British Army.
Chitral (چترال, چھترار), also spelled Chetrar, translated as field, is the capital of the Chitral District, situated on the western bank of the Chitral River (also called Kunar River), Now in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Christian X (Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm; 26 September 1870 – 20 April 1947) was the King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and the only king of Iceland (where the name was officially spelled Kristján), between 1918 and 1944.
The City of London is a city and county within London.
The County of Artois was an historic province of the Kingdom of France, held by the Dukes of Burgundy from 1384 until 1477/82, and a state of the Holy Roman Empire from 1493 until 1659.
The Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856), also known in Russian historiography as the Eastern War of 1853–1856 (Восточная война, Vostochnaya Voina), was a conflict in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia.
The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (DCLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1959.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, France, between 27 May and 4 June 1940, during World War II.
The Dutch Blue Guard was an elite infantry unit of the army of the United Provinces of the Netherlands.
The Dutch Republic, also known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden), Republic of the United Netherlands or Republic of the Seven United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën), was a republic in Europe existing from 1581, when part of the Netherlands separated from Spanish rule, until 1795.
Major General Sir Edward Robert Prevost Woodgate,, CB, (November 1845-23 March 1900) was a British Army Officer.
The Eighth Army was a field army and one of the best-known formations of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death.
Ernest Stafford Carlos (1883–1917) was a British painter and war artist.
The Far East is an alternate geographical term in English (with equivalents in many other languages – see the infobox on the right for examples), that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.
Field marshal is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen, Flandre) today normally refers to the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium.
The British Fourteenth Army was a multinational force comprising units from Commonwealth countries during World War II.
Sir Francis Hastings Charles Doyle, 2nd Baronet (21 August 1810 – 8 June 1888) was a British poet.
General Sir Frederick Francis Maude VC GCB (20 December 1821 – 20 June 1897) was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Frederick IX (Christian Frederik Franz Michael Carl Valdemar Georg) (11 March 1899 – 14 January 1972) was King of Denmark from 1947 to 1972.
Frederick VIII (Christian Frederik Vilhelm Carl) (3 June 1843 – 14 May 1912) was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912.
The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary.
The French and Indian War (1754–1763) was the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War.
Gale and Polden was a British printer and publisher.
General Sir George Don GCB, GCH (30 April 1756 – 1 January 1832) was a senior British Army military officer and colonial governor during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
Field Marshal Sir George Howard KB, PC (17 June 1718 – 16 July 1796) was a British military officer and politician.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death.
George Town is a large town in north-east Tasmania, on the eastern bank of the mouth of the Tamar River.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England, VII of Scotland and II of Ireland by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (William of Orange).
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.
The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment), frequently known as the Yorkshire Regiment until the 1920s, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, in the King's Division.
A grenadier (from French, derived from the word grenade) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Gwalior Campaign was fought between British and Marathan forces in Gwalior in India, December 1843.
Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Clinton, GCB, GCH (9 March 1771 – 11 December 1829) was a British Army officer and a general officer during the Napoleonic Wars.
Major General Sir Henry Havelock KCB (5 April 1795 – 24 November 1857) was a British general who is particularly associated with India and his recapture of Cawnpore from rebels during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Hobart (UK) is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania.
The Home Counties Brigade was an administrative formation of the British Army from 1948 to 1968.
The Home Service Battalions were a force of the British Army in the First and Second World Wars, intended for home defence and other duties.
Howe Barracks is a military installation in Canterbury in Kent.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe and is divided among four states: Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and France; as well as Gibraltar, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
The infantry is the branch of a military force that fights on foot.
The British expedition against Guadeloupe was a military action from January to May 1759, as part of the Seven Years' War.
The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
Lieutenant-General Sir James Alexander Lindsay KCMG (25 August 1815 – 13 August 1874) was a British Army officer, Conservative Party politician, and member of Clan Lindsay.
James Smith VC (1871 – 18 March 1946) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst of Montreal KB (sometimes spelled Geoffrey, or Jeffrey, he himself spelled his name as Jeffery) (29 January 1717 – 3 August 1797) served as an officer in the British Army and as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.
Field Marshal John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, 1st Duke of Greenwich (10 October 1680 – 4 October 1743), styled Lord Lorne from 1680 to 1703, was a Scottish nobleman and senior commander in the British Army.
John Connors VC (October 1830 – 29 January 1857) was born in Davaugh, Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland and was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Major-General Sir John Kennedy GBE CB CMG DSO (1878–1948) was a British Army officer who commanded 1st Infantry Division.
Private John Moyse was a British soldier of the 3rd (East Kent) Regiment who according to popular legend was captured by Chinese soldiers during the Second Opium War and later was executed for refusing to prostrate himself before the Chinese general.
John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, KG, PC (7 April 1648 – 24 February 1721), was an English poet and notable Tory politician of the late Stuart period, who served as Lord Privy Seal and Lord President of the Council.
General Sir Julius Augustus Robert Raines (9 March 1827 - 11 April 1909) was a British Army officer who commanded the 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot and was later honorary colonel of the Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment).
Kenneth Alexander Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham (29 November 1767 – 13 February 1845) was a British peer and soldier.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army.
Kolkata, formerly Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kowtow, which is borrowed from kau tau in Cantonese (koutou in Mandarin Chinese), is the act of deep respect shown by prostration, that is, kneeling and bowing so low as to have one's head touching the ground.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhide and skin, often cattle hide.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a World War I-era light machine gun of American design that was perfected and widely used by the British Empire.
Line infantry is the type of infantry that composed the basis of European land armies from the middle of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th century.
Liverpool is a suburb and major centre in the metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Lord Peter Death Bredon Wimsey is a fictional character in a series of detective novels and short stories by Dorothy L. Sayers, in which he solves mysteries—usually murders.
The Low Countries (de Lage Landen., les Pays-Bas.) is a coastal region in western Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Macedonian Front of World War I, also known as the Salonica Front, was formed as a result of an attempt by the Allied Powers to aid Serbia, in the autumn of 1915, against the combined attack of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria.
Malta, officially the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country comprising an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
A mandarin (Chinese: 官, guān; Cantonese: gun1) was a bureaucrat scholar in the government of imperial China.
The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from the Indian Empire and Australia, and the Central Powers, mostly of the Ottoman Empire.
The Middlesex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army.
The military history of the United Kingdom covers the period from the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain, uniting England and Scotland, in 1707, with the political union of England and Scotland, to the present day.
The Militia of the United Kingdom were the military reserve forces of the United Kingdom after the Union in 1801 of the former Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland.
Minder was a British comedy-drama about the London criminal underworld.
The First Mohmand Campaign was a British military campaign against the Mohmands from 1897 to 1898.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire led by Emperor Napoleon I against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions.
The National Army Museum is the British Army's central museum.
The National Defence Companies of the Territorial Army were a voluntary military reserve force of the British Army, for the purpose of home defence in the event of war.
The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes most of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas.
During the Second World War, the North African Campaign took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) was a former province created by the British in their controlled territories in Indian Subcontinent then called British India.
The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960.
Operation Torch (initially called Operation Gymnast) was the British-American invasion of French North Africa during the North African Campaign of the Second World War which started on 8 November 1942.
Parramatta is a suburb and major business district in the metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia.
Pax Britannica (Latin for "British Peace", modelled after Pax Romana) was the period of relative peace in Europe and the world (1815–1914) during which the British Empire became the global hegemon (dominant power) and adopted the role of global policeman.
The Perak War (1875-1876) took place between British and local forces in Perak, a state in northwestern Malaysia.
Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield PC (1634 – 28 January 1714) was a peer in the peerage of England.
Port Macquarie is a town in the local government area of Port Macquarie-Hastings.
Prince George of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Cumberland (Jørgen; 2 April 165328 October 1708), was the husband of Queen Anne, who reigned over Great Britain from 1702.
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (or PWRR, also known as 'the Tigers') is the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division, and second only in line infantry order of precedence to the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army from 1961 to 1966.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders was a line infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1793.
The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1961.
The Queen's Own West Kent Yeomanry can trace its origins to 1794 when local volunteer troops were raised to assist the civil powers.
The Queen's Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1966 through the amalgamation of the four regiments of the Home Counties Brigade.
Queen's Regulations (first published in 1731 and known as King's Regulations when the United Kingdom has a king) are a collection of orders and regulations in force in the Royal Navy, British Army, Royal Air Force, and Commonwealth Forces, where the Queen is Head of State, forming guidance for officers of these armed services in all matters of discipline and personal conduct.
The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which existed from 1959 to 1966.
Rab C. Nesbitt is a Scottish comedy series which began in 1988.
A regiment is a title used by some military units.
A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces) – contrasting with irregular forces such as volunteer irregular militias, private armies, mercenaries, etc.
Richard Cannon (1779–1865) was a compiler of regimental records for the British Army.
Major General Robert George Kekewich, CB (17 June 1854 – 5 November 1914) was a Victorian era British Army officer.
Brigadier Robert Adolphus George Tilney, was a British Army officer who served during the Second World War.
The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) provides the armour capability of the British Army, with vehicles such as the Challenger 2 Tank and the Scimitar Reconnaissance Vehicle.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA), is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal East Kent Yeomanry were formed in 1794, originally as a series of independent troops based in the important towns of Kent, England.
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.
The Hampshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, created as part of the Childers Reforms in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot and the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot.
The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment), the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland, with the Royal Highland Fusiliers becoming the 2nd Battalion of the new regiment.
The Royal Sussex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1966.
Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)The Times, (London) 18 January 1936, p. 12 was an English short-story writer, poet, and novelist.
The Second Anglo-Dutch War (4 March 1665 – 31 July 1667), fought between England and the United Provinces, was part of a series of four Anglo-Dutch Wars fought between the English (later British) and the Dutch in the 17th and 18th centuries for control over the seas and trade routes, where England tried to end the Dutch domination of world trade.
The Second Battle of Kut was fought on 23 February 1917, between British and Ottoman forces at Kut, Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).
The Second Battle of the Somme of 1918 was fought during the First World War on the Western Front from the end of the summer, in the basin of the River Somme.
During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.
The Second Boer War (Tweede Boerenoorlog, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, literally "Second Freedom War") otherwise known as the Second Anglo-Boer War, was fought from 11 October 1899 until 31 May 1902 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic (Transvaal Republic) and the Orange Free State.
The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Franco-British expedition to China, was a war pitting the British Empire and the Second French Empire against the Qing dynasty (present day China), lasting from 1856 to 1860.
Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world.
The Seven Years' War was fought between 1754 and 1763, the main conflict occurring in the seven-year period from 1756 to 1763.
The Siege of Kimberley took place during the Second Boer War at Kimberley, Cape Colony (present-day South Africa), when Boer forces from the Orange Free State and the Transvaal besieged the diamond mining town.
The Siege of Malta was a military campaign in the Mediterranean Theatre of the Second World War.
The Siege of Sevastopol lasted from September 1854 until September 1855, during the Crimean War.
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire supported by the German Empire.
Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet (1623 – 22 July 1684) was an Anglo-Irish preacher, soldier, statesman and diplomat, after whom Downing Street in London is named.
Soldiers Three is a collection of short stories by Rudyard Kipling.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.
A spoil tip (also called a spoil bank, boney pile, gob pile, bing, batch, boney dump or pit heap) is a pile built of accumulated spoil - the overburden or other waste rock removed during coal and ore mining.
The Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War, launched by the United States Fifth Army, the British Eighth Army and the Brazilian Expeditionary Force into the Lombardy Plain which started on 6 April 1945 and ended on 2 May with the surrender of German forces in Italy.
A stadtholder (stadhouder), literally place holder (in modern Dutch "stad" means "city", but the older meaning of "stad" - also "stede" - was "place", and it is a cognate of English "stead", as "in stead of"), was a term for a "steward" or "lieutenant".
In heraldry, supporters are figures usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
The Taku Forts or Dagu Forts, also called the Peiho Forts are forts located by the Hai River (Peiho River) estuary, in Tanggu District, Tianjin municipality, in northeastern China.
The Territorial Force (TF) was the volunteer reserve component of the British Army in existence from 1908 until 1920, when, shortly after the end of the First World War, it was reformed and renamed the Territorial Army, which continues to the present day.
The Iron Lady is a 2011 British biographical film based on the life of Margaret Thatcher (1925–2013), the longest-serving Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the 20th century.
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
The Private of the Buffs (or The British Soldier In China) is a ballad by Sir Francis Hastings Doyle describing the execution of a British infantryman by Chinese soldiers in 1860.
The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada is a Primary Reserve regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces, based in Toronto.
The Rifles is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.
Thiepval is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.
The Third Anglo-Afghan War (Pashto: د افغان-انګرېز درېمه جګړه), also referred to as the Third Afghan War, began on 6 May 1919 and ended with an armistice on 8 August 1919, and ended in an Afghan victory accodring to some authors.
Lieutenant-General Thomas Howard (1684 – 31 March 1753) was an officer of the British Army and the ancestor of the family of the present Earls of Effingham.
Thomas Innes Pitt, 1st Earl of Londonderry (c. 1688 – 12 September 1729) was a British politician.
The Tunisia Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various Commonwealth countries, and previous British Empire territories.
The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
A war artist depicts some aspect of war through art.
The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48) involved most of the powers of Europe over the question of Maria Theresa's succession to the realms of the House of Habsburg.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a major European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death in 1700 of the last Habsburg King of Spain, the infirm and childless Charles II.
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.
Major-General William Craig Emilius Napier (18 March 1818 – 23 September 1903) was a British Army officer who became Governor of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.
William Douglas-Home (3 June 1912 – 28 September 1992) was a British dramatist and politician.
William III (Willem III; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702) was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672, and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 until his death.
William Richard Cotter VC (March 1882 – 14 March 1916) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
Zillebeke is a village in the Flemish province of West-Vlaanderen in Belgium.
The 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East is a regular British Army brigade formation that is part of the Army’s 'Adaptable Force' meaning it has operational units under command, as well as regional responsibilities across the South East of England.
The 12th (Eastern) Division was an infantry division raised by the British Army during the Great War from men volunteering for Kitchener's New Armies.
The 132nd Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that remained in British India during World War I. During World War II it served with the 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division in Belgium and France, later being evacuated at Dunkirk and seeing service again in North Africa at El Alamein before being disbanded in January 1943.
The 141st Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (The Buffs) (141 RAC) was an armoured regiment of the British Army, part of the Royal Armoured Corps, raised during World War II.
The 18th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during the First and Second World Wars.
The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.
The 1st Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army with a very long history.
The 3rd Dismounted Brigade was a formation of the British Army in World War I. It was formed in Egypt in February 1916 by absorbing the Eastern Mounted Brigade and the South Eastern Mounted Brigade.
The 234th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army, raised during the Great War and later reformed during World War II.
The 24th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army from the First World War, serving through the Second World War, until 1999 when it was merged with the 5th Airborne Brigade to form 16 Air Assault Brigade.
The 26th Indian Infantry Brigade was an Infantry formation of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 26th Infantry Brigade was the name of two British Army formations during the First World War and Second World War.
The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1702 and amalgamated into The East Lancashire Regiment in 1881.
The 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1702 and amalgamated into The East Surrey Regiment in 1881.
The 36th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of British Army that fought in World War I, as part of 12th (Eastern) Division, on the Western Front.
The 36th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army during the Second World War.
The Home Counties Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908.
The 4th Queen's Own Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1685.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, created in 1758 and amalgamated into The Gloucestershire Regiment in 1881.
The 74th (Yeomanry) Division was a Territorial Force infantry division formed in Palestine in early 1917 from three dismounted yeomanry brigades.
The 78th Infantry Division, also known as the Battleaxe Division, was an infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War that fought in Tunisia, Sicily and Italy from late 1942–1945.
3rd (The East Kent) Regiment of Foot, 3rd (the East Kent) Regiment of Foot, 3rd Foot, 3rd Regiment of Foot, Buffs (East Kent Regiment), East Kent Regiment, Holland Regiment, Prince George of Denmark's Regiment, Royal East Kent Regiment, Steady the Buffs, Steady, the Buffs!, The Buffs, The Buffs (East Kent Regiment), The Buffs (East Kent) Regiment, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment).