39 relations: A440 (pitch standard), Acoustic scale, Aeolian dominant scale, Aeolian mode, Altered scale, C major, C minor, Diatonic scale, Dorian ♭2 scale, Dorian mode, Eighth octave C, Enharmonic, Half diminished scale, Helmholtz pitch notation, Ionian mode, Jazz minor scale, Locrian mode, Lydian augmented scale, Lydian mode, MIDI, Minor second, Mixolydian mode, Octave, Organ (music), Organ building, Organ stop, Perfect fifth, Phrygian mode, Piano, Piano key frequencies, Pitch (music), Pythagorean comma, Range (music), Scale (music), Scientific pitch, Scientific pitch notation, Sharp (music), Voice type, Western concert flute.
A440 or A4, which has a frequency of 440 Hz, is the musical note A above middle C and serves as a general tuning standard for musical pitch.
In music, the acoustic scale, overtone scale, Lydian dominant scale, or Lydian 7 scale, is a seven-note synthetic scale which, starting on C, contains the notes: C, D, E, F, G, A and B. This differs from the major scale in having a raised fourth and lowered seventh scale degree.
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The Aeolian dominant scale is the fifth mode of the melodic minor scale (ascending, also known as jazz minor scale).
The Aeolian mode is a musical mode or, in modern usage, a diatonic scale called the natural minor scale.
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In jazz, the altered scale or altered dominant scale is a seven-note scale that is a dominant scale where all non-essential tones have been altered.
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The C major scale consists of the pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. Its key signature has no flats or sharps.
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C minor (abbreviated c or Cm) is a minor scale based on C, consisting of the pitches C, D, flat, F, G, flat, and flat.
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In music theory, a diatonic scale (or heptatonia prima) is a scale composed of seven distinct pitch classes.
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The Dorian 2 scale, also known as Phrygian #6 is the second mode of the jazz minor scale (or the ascending melodic minor scale).
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Dorian mode or Doric mode can refer to three very different but interrelated subjects: one of the Ancient Greek harmoniai (characteristic melodic behaviour, or the scale structure associated with it), one of the medieval musical modes, or, most commonly, one of the modern modal diatonic scales, corresponding to the white notes from D to D, or any transposition of this, for example the scale from C to C with both E and B flatted.
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The musical note C8 (European c) is the C two full octaves above soprano high C. The note is one octave above the top of common musical keyboards, but the highest note of an 88-key piano.
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In modern musical notation and tuning, an enharmonic equivalent is a note, interval, or key signature that is equivalent to some other note, interval, or key signature but "spelled", or named differently.
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The half diminished scale is a musical scale more commonly known as "Locrian 2", name which avoids confusion with the diminished scales (see octatonic scales) and the half-diminished seventh chord (min. 7, flat 5).
Helmholtz pitch notation is a system for naming musical notes of the Western chromatic scale.
Ionian mode is the name assigned by Heinrich Glarean in 1547 to his new authentic mode on C (mode 11 in his numbering scheme), which uses the diatonic octave species from C to the C an octave higher, divided at G (as its dominant, reciting note or tenor) into a fourth species of perfect fifth (tone–tone–semitone–tone) plus a third species of perfect fourth (tone–tone–semitone): C D E F G + G A B C. This octave species is essentially the same as the major mode of tonal music.
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The jazz minor scale is the ascending melodic minor scale used both ascending and descending.
The Locrian mode is either a musical mode or simply a diatonic scale.
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In music, the Lydian augmented scale (Lydian 5 scale) is the third mode of the ascending melodic minor scale or jazz minor scale.
The modern Lydian musical scale is a rising pattern of pitches comprising three whole tones, a semitone, two more whole tones, and a final semitone.
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MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a protocol, digital interface and connectors and allows a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers and other related devices to connect and communicate with one another.
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In modern Western tonal music theory a minor second is the interval between two notes on adjacent staff positions, or having adjacent note letters, whose alterations cause them to be one semitone or half-step apart, such as B and C or C and D. The interval is also called a diatonic semitone.
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Mixolydian mode may refer to one of three things: the name applied to one of the ancient Greek harmoniai or tonoi, based on a particular octave species or scale; one of the medieval church modes; a modern musical mode or diatonic scale, related to the medieval mode.
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In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
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In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more divisions, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands or with the feet.
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Organ building is the profession of designing, building, restoring and maintaining pipe organs.
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An organ stop (or just stop) is a component of a pipe organ that admits pressurized air (known as wind) to a set of organ pipes.
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In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so.
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The Phrygian mode (pronounced) can refer to three different musical modes: the ancient Greek tonos or harmonia sometimes called Phrygian, formed on a particular set of octave species or scales; the Medieval Phrygian mode, and the modern conception of the Phrygian mode as a diatonic scale, based on the latter.
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The piano (an abbreviation of pianoforte) is a musical instrument played using a keyboard.
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This is a list of the absolute frequencies in hertz (cycles per second) of the keys of a standard modern 88-key piano in twelve-tone equal temperament, with the 49th key, the fifth A (called A4), tuned to 440 Hz (referred to as A440).
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
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In musical tuning, the Pythagorean comma (or ditonic comma), named after the ancient mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras, is the small interval (or comma) existing in Pythagorean tuning between two enharmonically equivalent notes such as C and B, or D and C. It is equal to the frequency ratio 531441:524288, or approximately 23.46 cents, roughly a quarter of a semitone (in between 75:74 and 74:73).
In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.
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In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.
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Scientific pitch, also known as philosophical pitch, Sauveur pitch or Verdi tuning, is an absolute concert pitch standard which is based on middle C (C4) being set to 256 Hz rather than 261.62 Hz as in the common A440 pitch standard.
Scientific pitch notation (or SPN, also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN) and International Pitch Notation (IPN)) is one of several methods that name the notes of the standard Western chromatic scale by combining a letter name, accidentals, and a number identifying the pitch's octave.
In music, sharp, dièse (from French), or diesis (from Greek) means higher in pitch and the sharp symbol raises a note by a half tone.
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A voice type is a particular human singing voice identified as having certain qualities or characteristics of vocal range, vocal weight, tessitura, vocal timbre, and vocal transition points (passaggio), such as breaks and lifts within the voice.
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The Western concert flute is a transverse (side-blown) woodwind instrument made of metal or wood.
B sharp, B-sharp (musical note), Baritone C, B♯, B♯ (musical note), C (music), C (note), Deep C, Do (music), Do (musical note), Do (note), Do note, High C, Low C, Low c, Middle C, Middle c, Soprano C, Tenor C.