77 relations: Acceptable daily intake, Acetic acid, Acid, Alkali, Allergen, Ammonium carbonate, Ammonium hydroxide, Barley malt syrup, Batter (cooking), Beer, Bicarbonate, Bisulfite, Brandy, Brown, Calcium hydroxide, California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Proposition 65 (1986), Caramelization, Carbohydrate, Carcinogen, Citric acid, Code of Federal Regulations, Cola, Colloid, Custard, Defoamer, E number, Emulsion, European Food Safety Authority, Flocculation, Food and Drug Administration, Food coloring, Fructose, Fruit preserves, Generally recognized as safe, Glucose, Gluten-free diet, Glycerol, Good manufacturing practice, Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, Hydrolysate, Ice cream, International Numbering System for Food Additives, International Programme on Chemical Safety, Inverted sugar syrup, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, Lactose, Linner hue index, Microorganism, ..., Milk, Molasses, Mutagen, Parts-per notation, Phosphate, Phosphoric acid, Pickled cucumber, Potassium carbonate, Potassium hydroxide, Potato chip, Precipitation (chemistry), Redox, Rum, Salt (chemistry), Sauce, Sedimentation, Sodium carbonate, Sodium hydroxide, Specific gravity, Sucrose, Sulfate, Sulfuric acid, Sulfurous acid, United States Pharmacopeia, Vinegar, Whisky, 4-Methylimidazole. Expand index (27 more) » « Shrink index
Acceptable daily intake or ADI is a measure of the amount of a specific substance (originally applied for a food additive, later also for a residue of a veterinary drug or pesticide) in food or drinking water that can be ingested (orally) on a daily basis over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
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An acid (from the Latin acidus/acēre meaning sour) is a chemical substance whose aqueous solutions are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and certain metals (like calcium) to form salts.
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In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly القلي, القالي, “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
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An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.
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Ammonium carbonate is a salt with the chemical formula (NH4)2CO3.
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Ammonia solution, also known as ammonium hydroxide, ammonia water, ammonical liquor, ammonia liquor, aqua ammonia, aqueous ammonia, or simply ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water.
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Barley malt syrup is an unrefined sweetener produced from sprouted i.e., malted barley, containing approximately 65 percent maltose, 30 percent complex carbohydrate, 3% protein.
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Batter is a liquid mixture of one or more flours made with ground grains or soaked grains that are ground.
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Beer is an alcoholic beverage produced by the saccharification of starch and fermentation of the resulting sugar.
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In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogen carbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
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Bisulfite ion (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogen sulfite) is the ion HSO3−.
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Brandy (from brandywine, derived from Dutch brandewijn, "gebrande wijn" "burned wine") is a spirit produced by distilling wine.
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Brown is the color of dark wood or rich soil.
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Calcium hydroxide, traditionally called slaked lime, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.
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The Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, commonly referred to as OEHHA (pronounced oh-EEE-ha), is a specialized department within the cabinet-level California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA) with responsibility for evaluating health risks from environmental chemical contaminants.
Proposition 65 (formally titled "The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986") is a California law passed by direct voter initiative in 1986 by a 63%-37% vote.
Caramelization (caramelisation or caramelization) is the browning of sugar, a process used extensively in cooking for the resulting nutty flavor and brown color.
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A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m could be different from n).
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A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that is an agent directly involved in causing cancer.
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Citric acid is a weak organic acid with the formula C6H8O7.
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The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government of the United States.
Cola is a sweetened, carbonated soft drink, derived from drinks that originally contained caffeine from the kola nut and cocaine from coca leaves, flavored with vanilla and other ingredients.
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A colloid, in chemistry, is a substance in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
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Custard is a variety of culinary preparations based on a cooked mixture of milk or cream and egg yolk.
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A defoamer or an anti-foaming agent is a chemical additive that reduces and hinders the formation of foam in industrial process liquids.
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E numbers are codes for substances that can be used as food additives for use within the European Union and Switzerland.
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An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
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The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain.
Flocculation, in the field of chemistry, is a process wherein colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc or flake; either spontaneously or due to the addition of a clarifying agent.
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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.
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Fructose, or fruit sugar, is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose.
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Fruit preserves are preparations of fruits, vegetables and sugar, often canned or sealed for long-term storage.
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Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements.
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
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A gluten-free diet is a diet that excludes gluten, a protein composite found in wheat and related grains, including barley and rye.
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Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol (sugar alcohol) compound.
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Good manufacturing practices (GMP) are the practices required in order to conform to the guidelines recommended by agencies that control authorization and licensing for manufacture and sale of food, drug products, and active pharmaceutical products.
Health Canada (French: Santé Canada) is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for national public health.
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The Health Products and Food Branch (HPFB) of Health Canada manages the health-related risks and benefits of health products and food by minimizing risk factors while maximizing the safety provided by the regulatory system.
Hydrolysate refers to any product of hydrolysis.
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Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a frozen food, typically eaten as a snack or dessert, usually made from dairy products, such as milk and cream, and often combined with fruits or other ingredients and flavours.
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The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) was formed in 1980 and is a collaboration between three United Nations bodies, the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, to establish a scientific basis for safe use of chemicals and to strengthen national capabilities and capacities for chemical safety.
Inverted or invert sugar syrup is a mixture of glucose and fructose; it is obtained by splitting sucrose into these two components.
The Joint FAO-WHO Expert Committee Report on Food Additives was an international report of the World Health Organization.
Lactose is a disaccharide sugar derived from galactose and glucose that is found in milk.
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The Linner hue index,R T Linner, "Caramel color: a new method of determining its color hue and tinctorial power." Proceedings of the Society of Soft Drink Technologists Annual Meeting, 1970, p 63-72.
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A microorganism (from the μικρός, mikros, "small" and ὀργανισμός, organismós, "organism") is a microscopic living organism, which may be single celled or multicellular.
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Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
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Molasses, or black treacle (British, for human consumption; known as molasses otherwise), is a viscous by-product of the refining of sugarcane or sugar beets into sugar.
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In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.
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In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.
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A phosphate (PO43−) as an inorganic chemical is a salt of phosphoric acid.
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Phosphoric acid (also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid) is a mineral (inorganic) acid having the chemical formula H3PO4.
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A pickled cucumber (commonly known as a pickle in the United States and Canada or generically as gherkins in the United Kingdom) is a cucumber that has been pickled in a brine, vinegar, or other solution and left to ferment for a period of time, by either immersing the cucumbers in an acidic solution or through souring by lacto-fermentation.
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Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol), which forms a strongly alkaline solution.
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash.
A potato chip (American English) or crisp (British English) is a thin slice of potato that has been deep fried, baked, kettle cooked, or popped until crunchy.
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Precipitation is the creation of a solid.
Redox reactions include all chemical reactions in which atoms have their oxidation state changed; in general, redox reactions involve the transfer of electrons between species.
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Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation.
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In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that results from the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
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In cooking, a sauce is liquid, cream, or semi-solid food served on or used in preparing other foods.
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Sedimentation is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained, and come to rest against a barrier.
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Sodium carbonate (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals), Na2CO3, is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
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Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound.
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Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density (mass of the same unit volume) of a reference substance.
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Sucrose is a common, naturally occurring carbohydrate found in many plants and plant parts.
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The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula SO42−.
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Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a highly corrosive strong mineral acid with the molecular formula H2SO4 and molecular weight 98.079 g/mol.
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Sulfurous acid (also sulphurous acid) is the chemical compound with the formula H2SO3.
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The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) publishes an official compendium in a combined volume with the National Formulary as the USP-NF.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting mainly of acetic acid (CH3COOH) and water.
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Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash.
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4-Methylimidazole (4-MeI or 4-MEI) is a heterocyclic organic chemical compound with molecular formula – or.
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