86 relations: Affirmation in law, Annie Besant, Archbishop of Canterbury, Atheism, Attorney General for England and Wales, Big Ben, Blasphemy, Bolton, British Raj, Brookwood Cemetery, Charles Darwin, Charles Henry Hopwood, Charles Knowlton, Church of England, Classical liberalism, Conservative Party (UK), Criticisms of socialism, David Salomons, Dublin, East End of London, Edward VII, Eliza Sharples, Erskine May, Franco-Prussian War, Freethought, George Bernard Shaw, George Holyoake, Hardinge Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury, Harriet Law, Henry Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden, Henry Drummond Wolff, Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford, Henry Labouchère, Hoxton, Hypatia, Hypatia Bradlaugh Bonner, Iconoclasm, India, Individualism, Irish Home Rule movement, John Holker, Joseph Pease (railway pioneer), Leicester Secular Hall, Leicester Secular Society, Liberal Party (UK), Lionel de Rothschild, London matchgirls strike of 1888, Lord Frederick Cavendish, Lord Randolph Churchill, Luis Emilio Recabarren, ..., Mahatma Gandhi, Maiden speech, Malthusian League, Member of parliament, National Reformer, National Secular Society, Northampton, Northampton (UK Parliament constituency), Oath of Allegiance (United Kingdom), Oaths Act 1888, Obscenity, Preston (UK Parliament constituency), Pub, Reform League, Republicanism in the United Kingdom, Richard Carlile, Sedition, Serjeant-at-arms, Socialism, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), Spencer Horatio Walpole, Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, Stockport (UK Parliament constituency), Sunday school, T. P. O'Connor, The Age of Reason, The Times, Thirty-Nine Articles, Thomas Paine, Trade union, Trial, United Kingdom general election, 1880, University of Northampton, William Ewart Gladstone, Women's suffrage, 7th Dragoon Guards. Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
In law, an affirmation is a solemn declaration allowed to those who conscientiously object to taking an oath.
Annie Besant (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a prominent British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.
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The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby. He is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", in the year 597. On 9 November 2012 it was officially announced that Welby, then the Bishop of Durham, had been appointed to succeed Rowan Williams as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury. His enthronement took place in Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. From the time of Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus usually received the pallium. During the English Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily under Henry VIII and Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I. In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the methods of nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the Pope, or the King of England. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the Crown; today it is made by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister, who receives a shortlist of two names from an "ad hoc" committee called the Crown Nominations Commission.
Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.
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Her Majesty's Attorney General for England and Wales, usually known simply as the Attorney General, is one of the Law Officers of the Crown.
Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London, and often extended to refer to the clock and the clock tower.
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Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for God, to religious or holy persons or things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.
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Bolton (or locally) is a town in Greater Manchester, in the North West of England.
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The British Raj (rāj, meaning "rule" in Hindi) was the rule of Great Britain in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
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Brookwood Cemetery, also known as the London Necropolis, is a burial ground in Brookwood, Surrey, England.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory.
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Charles Henry Hopwood QC (20 July 1829 – 14 October 1904) was a British politician and judge.
Charles Knowlton (May 10, 1800 – February 20, 1850) was an American physician, atheist and writer.
The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology, a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties and political freedom with representative democracy under the rule of law and emphasizes economic freedom.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Criticism of socialism refers to any critique of socialist models of economic organization and their feasibility; as well as the political and social implications of adopting such a system.
Sir David Salomons, 1st Baronet (22 November 1797 – 18 July 1873) was a leading figure in the 19th century struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom.
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Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland.
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The East End of London, also known simply as the East End, is an area of London, England, east of the Roman and medieval walled City of London and north of the River Thames.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death.
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Eliza Sharples (1803—1852) was the first female freethought lecturer in England.
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Thomas Erskine May, 1st Baron Farnborough, KCB, PC, DCL (8 February 1815 – 17 May 1886) was a British constitutional theorist.
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The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. German-French War, Guerre franco-allemande, lit. Franco-German War), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Freethought (also formatted free thought) is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, or other dogmas.
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George Bernard Shaw (26 July 18562 November 1950) was a Nobel-Prize-winning Irish playwright, critic and passionate socialist whose influence on Western theater, culture and politics stretched from the 1880s to his death in 1950, at 94 one of the world's most famous men.
George Jacob Holyoake (13 April 1817 – 22 January 1906), was a British secularist, co-operator, and newspaper editor.
Hardinge Stanley Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury PC, QC (3 September 1823 – 11 December 1921) was a leading barrister, politician and government minister.
Harriet Teresa Law (née Frost, 5 November 1831 – 19 July 1897) was a leading British freethinker in 19th-century London.
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Henry Bouverie William Brand, 23rd Baron Dacre and 1st Viscount Hampden GCB, PC (24 December 1814 – 14 March 1892), was a British Liberal politician.
Sir Henry Drummond-Wolff GCB, GCMG, PC (1830 – 11 October 1908) was an English diplomat and Conservative Party politician, who started as a clerk in the Foreign Office.
Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford (30 October 1828 – 18 August 1911), known as Sir Henry James between 1873 and 1895, was an Anglo-Welsh lawyer and statesman.
Henry Du Pré Labouchère (9 November 1831 – 15 January 1912) was an English politician, writer, publisher and theatre owner in the Victorian and Edwardian eras.
Hoxton is a district in the East End of London, England in the London Borough of Hackney, immediately north of the financial district of the City of London.
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Hypatia (or; Ὑπατία Hypatía) (born c. AD 350 – 370; died 415) was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher in Egypt, then a part of the Eastern Roman Empire.
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Hypatia Bradlaugh Bonner (31 March 1858 – 25 August 1935) was a British peace activist, author, atheist and freethinker, and the daughter of Charles Bradlaugh.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
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The Irish Home Rule movement was a political movement which sought to achieve home rule for Ireland and reduce the political control of the British state over the island.
Sir John Holker QC (1828–24 May 1882) was a British lawyer and politician.
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Joseph Pease (22 June 1799 – 8 February 1872) was a proponent and supporter of the earliest public railway system in the world and was the first Quaker permitted to take his seat in Parliament.
Leicester Secular Hall is a Grade II Listed Building built in 1881 for Leicester Secular Society by The Leicester Secular Hall Co. Ltd, all the shareholders of which were Secularists, led by Josiah Gimson a Leicester engineer and councillor who held the largest number of shares.
Leicester Secular Society is the world's oldest Secular Society.
The Liberal Party was a liberal political party which was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom in the 19th and early 20th century.
Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (22 November 1808 – 3 June 1879) was a British banker and politician.
The London matchgirls’ strike of 1888 was a strike of the women and teenage girls working at the Bryant and May Factory in Bow, London.
Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish (30 November 1836 – 6 May 1882) was an English Liberal politician and protégé of the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone.
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill PC (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895) was a British statesman.
Luis Emilio Recabarren Serrano (July 6, 1876 - December 19, 1924) was a Chilean political figure.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.
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A maiden speech is the first speech given by a newly elected or appointed member of a legislature or parliament.
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The Malthusian League was a British organisation which advocated the practice of contraception and the education of the public about the importance of family planning.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
The National Reformer was a secularist weekly publication in 19th century Britain, noted for providing a longstanding "strong, radical voice" in its time, advocating Atheism.
The National Secular Society (NSS) is a British campaigning organisation that promotes secularism and the separation of church and state.
Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England.
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Northampton was a parliamentary constituency (centred on the town of Northampton), which existed until 1974.
The Oath of Allegiance (Judicial or Official Oath) is a promise to be loyal to the British monarch, and their heirs and successors, sworn by certain public servants in the United Kingdom, and also by newly naturalised subjects in citizenship ceremonies.
The Oaths Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. c.46) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which set out provisions whereby the oath of allegiance taken to the Sovereign may be solemnly affirmed rather than sworn to God.
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An obscenity is any utterance or act that strongly offends the prevalent morality of the time.
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Preston is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Mark Hendrick, a member of the Labour Party and of the Co-operative Party.
A pub, formally public house (a house "open to the public", as opposed to a private house), is a drinking establishment in the culture of Britain, Britannica.com; Subscription Required.
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The Reform League was established in 1865 to press for manhood suffrage and the ballot in Great Britain.
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Republicanism in the United Kingdom is a movement that seeks to replace the British monarchy with a republic.
Richard Carlile (8 December 1790 – 10 February 1843) was an important agitator for the establishment of universal suffrage and freedom of the press in the United Kingdom.
In law, sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order.
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A serjeant-at-arms or sergeant-at-arms is an officer appointed by a deliberative body, usually a legislature, to keep order during its meetings.
Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership and/or social control of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims at the establishment of such a system.
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The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
Spencer Horatio Walpole, QC, LLD (11 September 1806–22 May 1898) was a British Conservative politician who served three times as Home Secretary in the administrations of Lord Derby.
Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh GCB, PC (27 October 1818 – 12 January 1887), known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885, was a British Conservative politician.
Stockport is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Ann Coffey, a member of the Labour Party.
A Sunday school (also sometimes referred to as a Sabbath school), is a Christian educational institution, usually (but not always) catering to children and other young people.
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Thomas Power O'Connor (5 October 1848 – 18 November 1929), known as T. P. O'Connor and occasionally as Tay Pay (mimicking his own pronunciation of the initials T. P.), was a journalist, an Irish nationalist political figure, and a member of parliament (MP) in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for nearly fifty years.
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The Age of Reason; Being an Investigation of True and Fabulous Theology is an influential work written by English and American political activist Thomas Paine.
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.
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The Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion are the historically defining statements of doctrines of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation.
Thomas Paine (– In the contemporary record as noted by Conway, Paine's birth date is printed in Volume I, page 3, as January 29, 1736–37. Common practice was to use a dash or a slash to separate the old-style year from the new-style year. Paine's birth date, between January 1, and March 25, advances by eleven days and his year increases by one to February 9, 1737. The O.S. link gives more detail if needed.Contemporary records, which used the Julian calendar and the Annunciation Style of enumerating years, recorded his birth as January 29, 1736. The provisions of the British Calendar (New Style) Act 1750, implemented in 1752, altered the official British dating method to the Gregorian calendar with the start of the year on January 1 (it had been March 25). These changes resulted in dates being moved forward 11 days, and for those between January 1 and March 25, an advance of one year. For a further explanation, see: Old Style and New Style dates. (Both Franklin's and Paine's confusing birth dates are clearly explained.) – June 8, 1809) was an English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary.
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A trade union (British EnglishAustralian EnglishNew Zealand EnglishSouth African English / Caribbean English; also trades union), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.
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In law, a trial is a coming together of parties to a dispute, to present information (in the form of evidence) in a tribunal, a formal setting with the authority to adjudicate claims or disputes.
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The United Kingdom general election of 1880 was a general election in the United Kingdom held from March to April 1880.
The University of Northampton is a university in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England.
William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898), was a British Liberal politician.
Women's suffrage(also known as woman suffrage or woman's right to vote) is the right of women to vote and to stand for electoral office.
The 7th (The Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1688.