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Chile

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. [1]

588 relations: Aconcagua, Aconcagua River, Adventism, Agrarian reform, Agriculture, Agustín de Jáuregui, Airline, Alberto Hurtado, Alianza (Chile), All Saints' Day, Alpine tundra, Alsace, Andean condor, Andes, Anglicanism, Anita Lizana, Antarctic Treaty System, Antarctica, Antofagasta, Antofagasta Region, Apple, Araucanía Region, Araucaria araucana, Arauco War, Argentina, Argentine War of Independence, Argentine–Chilean naval arms race, Arica, Arica y Parinacota Region, Army of the Andes, Arturo Alessandri, Asado, Asparagus, Assumption of Mary, Atacama Desert, Atacama Region, Atlantic Ocean, Augusto Pinochet, Austrians, Aymara language, Aysén Region, Baker River (Chile), Baptists, Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Battle of the Maule, Bío Bío Region, Bío Bío River, BBC News, Bean, Beef, ..., Beer, Bernardo O'Higgins, Binomial system, Birth rate, Bolivia, Boundary Treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Boxing, Brazil, British Empire, Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, Callao, Calvinism, Campanula, Campeonato Nacional (Chile), Canada, Capital flight, Carabineros de Chile, Caravan of Death, Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Carlos Pezoa Véliz, Carriel Sur International Airport, Casino, Casma River, Cazuela, Central bank, Central Bank of Chile, Central Chile, Central Intelligence Agency, Cerro El Muerto, Cerro Moreno International Airport, Chacalluta International Airport, Chamber of Deputies of Chile, Chile Davis Cup team, Chile national football team, Chilean Air Force, Chilean Antarctic Territory, Chilean Army, Chilean Civil War of 1891, Chilean cuisine, Chilean Declaration of Independence, Chilean football league system, Chilean National Museum of Fine Arts, Chilean national plebiscite, 1988, Chilean Navy, Chilean parliamentary election, 2005, Chilean peso, Chilean presidential election, 1964, Chilean presidential election, 1999–2000, Chilean presidential election, 2009–10, Chilean rodeo, Chilean schooner Ancud (1843), Chilean Spanish, Chilean Traditional Universities, Chilean transition to democracy, Chilean War of Independence, Chileans, Chiloé Archipelago, Chiloé Island, Chiloé Province, Chilote mythology, China, Chonos Archipelago, Christian Democratic Party (Chile), Chueca, Chungará Lake, Churches of Chiloé, Civil resistance, Climate, Climate of Chile, Club Deportivo Universidad Católica, Club Universidad de Chile, Coastal plain, Coat of arms of Chile, Codelco, Colina, Chile, Colo-Colo, Communes of Chile, Communist Party of Chile, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport, Competitiveness, Concepción, Chile, Concertación, Condor, Conguillío National Park, Conquest of Chile, Conquistador, Constitution of Chile, Copa América, Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana, Copiapó, Copiapó River, Coquimbo, Coquimbo Region, Cordillera de Nahuelbuta, Cougar, Coyhaique, Credit rating, Crossing of the Andes, Crudos, Cuba, Cueca, Cueva del Milodón Natural Monument, Cultural heritage, Culture of Chile, Curanto, Current account, Dakar Rally, Davis Cup, Depression (economics), Desert, Desventuradas Islands, Developed country, Diego Aracena International Airport, Diego de Almagro, Diego de Rosales, Diego Portales University, Drake Passage, Dutch people, Easter Island, Eastern Orthodox Church, Economic freedom, Eduardo Frei Montalva, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, El Tepual Airport, Empanada, Endorheic basin, English Opens Doors, Equestrian at the Summer Olympics, Escondida, Ethnic groups in Europe, Ethnography, Evelyn Matthei, Faja Maisan, Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, Feast of the Immaculate Conception, Ferdinand Magellan, Ferdinand VII of Spain, Fernando González, FIBA Basketball World Cup, FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, Fiestas Patrias (Chile), Financial crisis of 2007–08, Fish, Fishing, Fjord, Fjords and channels of Chile, Flag carrier, Flag of Chile, Flag of Texas, Flag of the United States, Fodor's, Folk music, Folklore, Fondo Nacional de Salud, Forestry, Francis Drake, Francisco Pizarro, Free trade area, Freedom of religion, Freedom of speech, Fruit fly, Frutillar, Fuerte Bulnes, Futaleufú River, Gabriela Mistral, Garlic, Garrison, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, Geography, Geology, German Chilean, German colonization of Valdivia, Osorno and Llanquihue, German revolutions of 1848–49, Glacier, Global Peace Index, Globalization, Gonzalo Rojas, Good Friday, Government Junta of Chile (1810), Grand Slam (tennis), Grape, Greater Concepción, Greater Valparaíso, Gross domestic product, Guanaco, Harold Bloom, Henry Kissinger, Hernán Büchi, Higher education, Hippocamelus, History of Chile, Hockey, Holding company, Huasco River, Human development (humanity), Human rights violations in Pinochet's Chile, Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, Humid subtropical climate, Humita, Illapel, Inca Empire, Incahuasi, Incas in Central Chile, Independent Democratic Union, Index of Chile-related articles, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, Indigenous peoples in Chile, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Intendant, International Federation of Football History & Statistics, International Futures, International Labour Organization, International rankings of Chile, International Telecommunication Union, Inti-Illimani, Iquique, Isabel Allende, Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, Isla Negra, Isla Salas y Gómez, Italy, James, son of Zebedee, Jehovah's Witnesses, Joaquín Lavín, John William Wilson, Jorge Alessandri, José de San Martín, José Donoso, José Miguel Carrera, Joseph Bonaparte, Juan Fernández Islands, Karel Doorman-class frigate, Köppen climate classification, Kilometre, King George Island (South Shetland Islands), La Frontera, Chile, La Ley (band), La Moneda Palace, La Nación, La Serena, Chile, Laguna San Rafael National Park, LAN Airlines, Lapageria, Latinobarómetro, Lauca River, Lava tube, Legal education, Leopard 2, Levantemos, Library of Congress, Lingua franca, List of Chilean artists, List of Chileans, List of hospitals in Chile, List of museums in Chile, Lists of ATP number 1 ranked players, Llama, Llanquihue Province, Llullaillaco, Lluta River, Loa River, Logging, Los Ángeles, Bío Bío, Los de Ramón, Los Jaivas, Los Lagos Region, Los Patos, Los Prisioneros, Los Ríos Region, Los Tres, Luis Altamirano, Luis Ayala (tennis), Luis Carrera, Lumber, Lutheranism, M, Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region, Maipo River, Maize, Mapocho River, Mapuche, Mapuche language, Mapuche religion, Marcelo Ríos, Margot Loyola, Market economy, Marxism, Mataveri International Airport, Maule Region, Maule River, Mayonnaise, Mediterranean climate, Mestizo, Methodism, Michelle Bachelet, Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–90), Ministry of Health (Chile), Mocha Island, Monarchy of Spain, Monte Verde, Mormons, Mulatto, Multinational state, Nahuelbuta National Park, Napoleon, National Anthem of Chile, National Autonomous University of Mexico, National Congress of Chile, National language, National Renewal (Chile), National sport, National Statistics Institute (Chile), Nationalization, Net asset value, Nevado Tres Cruces, Nicanor Parra, Nicaragua, Nobel Prize in Literature, Norte Chico, Chile, Norte Grande, Northern Hemisphere, Nothofagus, Nueva canción, Nueva Mayoría, O'Higgins Region, Oat, Occupation of Araucanía, Oceania, Oceanic climate, Off-road racing, Ojos del Salado, Oligarchy, Onion, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Osorno, Chile, Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Outline of Chile, Pablo de Rokha, Pablo Neruda, Pacific Ocean, Palena River, Paleozoic, Palestinians, Pali-Aike Volcanic Field, Pampa del Tamarugal, Pan American Games, Parallel (geometry), Parinacota (volcano), Parra family, Pastel de choclo, Patagonia, Patricio Aylwin, Patron saint, Peach, Pear, Pedro de Valdivia, Pensions in Chile, Pentecostalism, Per capita income, Peru, Peru–Bolivian Confederation, Phylloxera, Pichilemu, Picunche people, Pitrufquén, Plurality (voting), Polarization (politics), Political corruption, Polo, Pomerape, Pope Benedict XVI, Popular Unity (Chile), Portillo, Chile, Poultry, Presbyterianism, Preschool, President of Chile, Presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo International Airport, Presidential system, Primary school, Private university, Protestantism, Prussia, Public holiday, Public university, Public works, Pucón, Pudú, Puerto Montt, Puerto Octay, Puerto Varas, Punta Arenas, Putre, Quechua people, Quechuan languages, Quilapayún, Raúl de Ramón, Raúl Zurita, Radical Party (Chile), Rancagua, Rapa Nui language, Rapa Nui mythology, Rapa Nui National Park, Real Situado, Reconquista (Spanish America), Referendum, Reformation Day, Religious discrimination, Republic, Rettig Report, Ricardo Lagos, Richard Nixon, Ring of Fire, Roberto Bolaño, Robinson Crusoe Island, Roman numerals, Russia, Salar de Atacama, Salvador Allende, San Pedro de Atacama, Sandinista National Liberation Front, Santiago, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Sebastián Piñera, Secondary school, Seismology, Senate of Chile, Senator for life, Separation of church and state, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Sewell, Chile, Silesians, Skiing, Slavery, Snowboarding, Socialist Party of Chile, South America, South American gray fox, South American Plate, South Bolivian Quechua, South Korea, Southern Cone, Southern Hemisphere, Southern Ocean, Southern Patagonian Ice Field, Spain, Spanish Empire, Spanish immigration to Chile, Spanish language, Sport in Chile, Standard & Poor's, Strait of Magellan, Supermajority, Supreme Court of Chile, Surfing, Surfing in Chile, Talca, Talcahuano, Tarapacá Region, Telecommunication, Telephone numbers in Chile, Temuco, Teresa of the Andes, Termas de Chillán, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Obscene Bird of Night, The World Factbook, Time in Chile, Toltén River, Torres del Paine National Park, Transverse Valleys, Tribal chief, Tsunami, Tupungato, UNESCO, Union of South American Nations, Unitary state, United Nations, United Nations Charter, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Human Rights Council, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council election, 2013, United States Department of State, United States intervention in Chile, University of Brasília, University of Chile, US Open (tennis), Vachellia caven, Valdivia, Valech Report, Valle de la Luna (Chile), Valle Nevado, Valparaíso, Valparaíso Region, Víctor Jara, Viña del Mar, Viña del Mar International Song Festival, Vicente Huidobro, Victoria, Chile, Villarrica Lake, Violeta Parra, Volcano, War of the Confederation, War of the Pacific, Water supply and sanitation in Chile, Wesleyan Church, Wheat, White Latin American, Wool, World Bank, World Bank high-income economy, World Heritage Site, World Polo Championship, World Team Cup, Yale University, Yelcho River, Yellow-winged blackbird, Yogurt, .cl, 17th parallel south, 1959 FIBA World Championship, 1962 FIFA World Cup, 1973 Chilean coup d'état, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2010 Chile earthquake, 2010 Copiapó mining accident, 2015 Copa América, 2015 Illapel earthquake, 56th parallel south, 66th meridian west, 75th meridian west. 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Aconcagua

Aconcagua is the highest mountain outside of Asia, at, and by extension the highest point in both the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

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Aconcagua River

The Aconcagua River is a river in Chile that rises from the conflux of two minor tributary rivers at above sea level in the Andes, Juncal River from the east (which rise in the Nevado Juncal) and Blanco River from the south east.

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Adventism

Adventism is a branch of Protestantism which began in the 19th century in the context of the Second Great Awakening revival in the United States.

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Agrarian reform

Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.

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Agustín de Jáuregui

Agustín de Jáuregui y Aldecoa (Lecároz, Navarre, Spain, May 17, 1711 (some sources say 1708) – Lima, Peru, April 29, 1784) was a Spanish politician and soldier who served as governor of Chile (1772–80) and viceroy of Peru (1780–84).

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Airline

An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.

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Alberto Hurtado

Saint Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, S.J. (born Luis Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga on January 22, 1901, Viña del Mar, Chile - August 18, 1952, Santiago, Chile), popularly known in Chile as Padre Hurtado (Father Hurtado), was a Chilean Jesuit priest, lawyer, social worker and writer of Basque origin, founder of the Hogar de Cristo foundation.

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Alianza (Chile)

The Alianza (Alliance), previously known as Alianza por Chile (Alliance for Chile), was a coalition of right-wing Chilean political parties.

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All Saints' Day

All Saints' Day, also known as All Hallows, Day of All the Saints, Solemnity of All Saints, or Feast of All Saints is a solemnity celebrated on 1 November by the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant denominations, and on the first Sunday after Pentecost in Eastern Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, in honour of all the saints, known and unknown.

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Alpine tundra

Alpine tundra is a type of natural region or biome that does not contain trees because it is at high altitude.

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Alsace

Alsace (Alsace; Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass, pre-1996 also: Elsaß; Alsatia) is the fifth-smallest of the 27 regions of France in land area (8,280.2 km2), and the smallest in metropolitan France.

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Andean condor

The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) is a South American bird in the New World vulture family Cathartidae and is the only member of the genus Vultur.

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Andes

The Andes is the longest continental mountain range in the world.

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Anglicanism

Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.

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Anita Lizana

Anita Lizana de Ellis (19 November 1915 – 21 August 1994) was a World Number 1 tennis player from Chile.

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Antarctic Treaty System

The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively known as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earth's only continent without a native human population.

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Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole.

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Antofagasta

Antofagasta is a port city in northern Chile, about north of Santiago.

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Antofagasta Region

The II Antofagasta Region (II Región de Antofagasta) is one of Chile's fifteen first-order administrative divisions.

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Apple

The apple tree (Malus domestica) is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit, the apple.

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Araucanía Region

The Araucanía, Araucanía Region or IX La Araucanía Region (Spanish: IX Región de La Araucanía) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions and comprises two provinces: Malleco in the north and Cautín in the south.

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Araucaria araucana

Araucaria araucana (commonly called the monkey puzzle tree, monkey tail tree, Chilean pine, or pehuén) is an evergreen tree growing to tall with a 2-m (7-ft) trunk diameter.

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Arauco War

The Arauco War was a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.

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Argentine War of Independence

The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown.

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Argentine–Chilean naval arms race

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the South American nations of Argentina and Chile engaged in an expensive naval arms race to ensure the other would not gain supremacy in the Southern Cone.

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Arica

Arica is a commune and a port city with a population of 196,590 in the Arica Province of northern Chile's Arica y Parinacota Region.

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Arica y Parinacota Region

The XV Arica and Parinacota Region (XV Región de Arica y Parinacota) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Army of the Andes

The Army of the Andes (Ejército de los Andes) was a military force created by the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (Argentina) and mustered by general José de San Martín in his campaign to free Chile from the Spanish Empire.

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Arturo Alessandri

Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma (December 20, 1868 – August 24, 1950) was a Chilean political figure and reformer, who served twice as the President of Chile, first between 1920 and 1924, and then again in 1925, and finally from 1932 until 1938.

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Asado

Asado is a term used both for a range of barbecue techniques and the social event of having or attending a barbecue in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Spain and Chile, where it is considered the national dish.

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Asparagus

Asparagus or garden asparagus, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus.

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Assumption of Mary

The Assumption of the Virgin Mary into Heaven, often shortened to the Assumption, and also known as the Falling Asleep of the Blessed Virgin Mary, according to the beliefs of the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and parts of Anglicanism, was the bodily taking up of the Virgin Mary into Heaven at the end of her earthly life.

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Atacama Desert

The Atacama Desert (Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America, covering a strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains.

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Atacama Region

The Atacama Region (III Región de Atacama) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.

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Augusto Pinochet

Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte, more commonly known as Augusto Pinochet (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006), was dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 and Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army from 1973 to 1998.

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Austrians

Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic ethnic group, consisting of the population of the Republic of Austria, who share a common Austrian culture and Austrian descent and history.

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Aymara language

Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes.

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Aysén Region

The XI Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region (Spanish: Región de Aysén or XI Región Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo), often shortened to Aysén Region or Aisén,Examples of name usage:, official regional government site refers to the region as "Región de Aysén".

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Baker River (Chile)

The Baker River is a river located in the Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region of the Chilean Patagonia.

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Baptists

Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of Christian denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).

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Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva

Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva is the most important Antarctic base of Chile.

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Battle of the Maule

The Battle of the Maule was fought between the Mapuche people of Chile and the Inca Empire of Peru in what is now the Maule River, Chile.

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Bío Bío Region

The Bío Bío Region (Región del Bío-Bío), is one of Chile's fifteen first-order administrative divisions; it is divided into four provinces: Arauco, Bío Bío, Concepción, and Ñuble.

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Bío Bío River

The Biobío River (also known as Bío Bío or Bio-Bio) is the second largest river in Chile.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bean

Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (alternately Leguminosae) which are used for human or animal food.

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Beef

Beef is the culinary name for meat from bovines, especially cattle.

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Beer

Beer is an alcoholic beverage produced by the saccharification of starch and fermentation of the resulting sugar.

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Bernardo O'Higgins

Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (1778–1842) was a Chilean independence leader who, together with José de San Martín, freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence.

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Binomial system

The binomial system was a voting system used in the parliamentary elections of Chile between 1989 and 2013.

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Birth rate

The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year.

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Bolivia

Bolivia (Buliwya; Wuliwya; Volívia), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.

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Boundary Treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina

The Boundary Treaty of 1881 (Tratado de Límites de 1881) between Argentina and Chile was signed on the 23 July 1881 in Buenos Aires by Bernardo de Irigoyen, on the part of Argentina, and Francisco de Borja Echeverría, on the part of Chile, with the aim to establish a precise and exact borderline between the two countries based on the uti possidetis juris principle.

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Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease (encephalopathy) in cattle that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord.

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Boxing

Boxing is a martial art and combat sport in which two people throw punches at each other, usually with gloved hands.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.

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Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs

In the United States Government, the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs is a part of the U.S. Department of State, charged with implementing U.S. foreign policy and promoting U.S. interests in the Western Hemisphere, as well as advising the Under Secretary for Political Affairs.

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Callao

El Callao is the chief seaport of Peru.

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Calvinism

Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Campanula

Campanula is one of several genera in the family Campanulaceae with the common name bellflower.

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Campeonato Nacional (Chile)

The Campeonato Nacional (National Championship) is the top tier league of the Chilean football league system.

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Canada

Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Capital flight

Capital flight, in economics, occurs when assets or money rapidly flow out of a country, due to an event of economic consequence.

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Carabineros de Chile

The Carabiniers of Chile, (Spanish: Carabineros de Chile) are the uniformed Chilean national police force and gendarmerie.

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Caravan of Death

The Caravan of Death (Caravana de la Muerte) was a Chilean Army death squad that, following the Chilean coup of 1973, flew by helicopters from south to north of Chile between September 30 and October 22, 1973.

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Carlos Ibáñez del Campo

General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (November 3, 1877 – April 28, 1960) was a Chilean Army officer and political figure.

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Carlos Pezoa Véliz

Carlos Pezoa Véliz (July 21, 1879 – April 21, 1908) was a poet, educator and journalist from Chile.

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Carriel Sur International Airport

Carriel Sur International Airport is located in Concepción, in the Bío Bío Region, approximately southwest of Santiago.

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Casino

In modern English, a casino is a facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities.

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Casma River

The Casma River which upstream is called Río Grande is a river that crosses northern Casma province in the Ancash Region of Peru.

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Cazuela

Cazuela is the common name given to a variety of dishes, especially from South America.

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Central bank

A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.

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Central Bank of Chile

The Central Bank of Chile (Banco Central de Chile) is the central bank of Chile.

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Central Chile

Central Chile (Zona central) is one of the five natural regions into which CORFO divided continental Chile in 1950.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Cerro El Muerto

Cerro el Muerto (sometimes "El Muerto" fully translated as The Dead One Hill") is a mountain peak of South America and is part of the Andes mountain range.

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Cerro Moreno International Airport

Andrés Sabella Gálvez International Airport is an airport in Antofagasta, Chile.

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Chacalluta International Airport

Chacalluta International Airport is an airport serving the city of Arica, capital of the Arica Province in the northern Arica y Parinacota Region of Chile.

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Chamber of Deputies of Chile

The Honourable Chamber of Deputies of the Republic of Chile (Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress.

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Chile Davis Cup team

The Chile Davis Cup Team represents Chile in Davis Cup tennis tournament and is governed by Chile Tennis Federation.

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Chile national football team

The Chile national football team represents Chile in all major international football competitions and is controlled by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile which was established in 1895.

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Chilean Air Force

The Chilean Air Force (Fuerza Aérea de Chile, FACh') is the air force of Chile, a branch of the Chilean military.

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Chilean Antarctic Territory

The Chilean Antarctic Territory or Chilean Antarctica (Spanish: Territorio Chileno Antártico, Antártica Chilena) is the territory in Antarctica claimed by Chile.

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Chilean Army

The Chilean Army (Ejército de Chile) is the land arm of the Military of Chile.

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Chilean Civil War of 1891

The Chilean Civil War of 1891, also known as Revolution of 1891 was an armed conflict between forces supporting Congress and forces supporting the sitting President, José Manuel Balmaceda.

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Chilean cuisine

Chilean cuisine stems mainly from the combination of traditional Spanish cuisine, Chilean Indigenous culture and local ingredients, with later important influences from other European cuisines, particularly from Germany, Italy and France.

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Chilean Declaration of Independence

The Chilean Declaration of Independence is a document declaring the independence of Chile from the Spanish Empire.

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Chilean football league system

The Chilean football league system, called the Campeonatos Nacionales de Fútbol en Chile or Liga Chilena de Fútbol in Spanish, is a series of interconnected leagues for football clubs in Chile.

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Chilean National Museum of Fine Arts

The Chilean National Museum of Fine Arts (Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes or MNBA), located in Santiago, Chile, is one of the major centers for Chilean art and for broader South American art.

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Chilean national plebiscite, 1988

The 1988 Chilean national plebiscite was a national referendum held on 5 October 1988 to determine whether de facto Chilean President, Gen.

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Chilean Navy

The Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile) is the naval force of Chile.

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Chilean parliamentary election, 2005

The 2005 Chilean parliamentary election took place on December 11, 2005, in conjunction with the presidential election.

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Chilean peso

The peso is the currency of Chile.

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Chilean presidential election, 1964

Presidential elections were held in Chile on 4 September 1964.

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Chilean presidential election, 1999–2000

Presidential elections were held in Chile on 12 December 1999, with a second round run-off on 16 January 2000.

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Chilean presidential election, 2009–10

The first round of the Chilean presidential election of 2009–2010 was held on Sunday December 13, 2009.

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Chilean rodeo

Rodeo is a traditional sport in Chile.

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Chilean schooner Ancud (1843)

The schooner Ancud was the ship sent by Chile in 1843 to claim sovereignty over the Strait of Magellan.

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Chilean Spanish

Chilean Spanish (español chileno, español de Chile or castellano de Chile) is any of several varieties of Spanish spoken in most of Chile.

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Chilean Traditional Universities

In Chile, universidades tradicionales ("traditional universities") is the group of universities founded before the 1980s.

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Chilean transition to democracy

The Chilean transition to democracy began when a Constitution establishing a transition itinerary was approved in a plebiscite.

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Chilean War of Independence

The Chilean War of Independence was an armed conflict between pro-independence Chilean criollos seeking political and economic independence from Spain and royalist criollos supporting continued allegiance to the Captaincy General of Chile and membership of the Spanish Empire.

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Chileans

Chilean people are natives of and long-term immigrants to Chile.

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Chiloé Archipelago

The Chiloé Archipelago (Archipiélago de Chiloé) consists of several islands lying off the coast of Chile.

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Chiloé Island

Chiloé Island (Spanish: Isla de Chiloé), also known as Greater Island of Chiloé (Isla Grande de Chiloé), is the largest island of the Chiloé Archipelago off the coast of Chile, in the Pacific Ocean.

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Chiloé Province

Chiloé Province (Provincia de Chiloé) is one of the four provinces in the southern Chilean region of Los Lagos (X).

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Chilote mythology

The Chilote mythology or Chilota mythology is formed by the myths, legends and beliefs of the people who live in the Chiloé Archipelago, in the south of Chile.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Chonos Archipelago

Chonos Archipelago is a series of low mountainous elongated islands with deep bays, traces of a submerged Chilean Coast Range.

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Christian Democratic Party (Chile)

The Christian Democratic Party (Partido Demócrata Cristiano, PDC) is a political party in Chile and governs as part of the Nueva Mayoría coalition.

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Chueca

Chueca is just a square sited in a central neighbourhood in Madrid named Justicia.

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Chungará Lake

Chungará (hispanicized spelling of Aymara chunkara "pointed mountain") is a lake situated in the extreme north of Chile, in the Altiplano of Arica y Parinacota Region in the Lauca National Park.

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Churches of Chiloé

The Churches of Chiloé in Chile's Chiloé Archipelago are a unique architectural phenomenon in the Americas, and one of the most prominent styles of Chilota architecture.

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Civil resistance

Civil resistance is political action that relies on the use of nonviolent resistance by civil groups to challenge a particular power, force, policy or regime.

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Climate

Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area.

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Climate of Chile

The climate of Chile comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large geographic scale, extending across 38 degrees in latitude, making generalizations difficult.

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Club Deportivo Universidad Católica

Club Deportivo Universidad Católica is a professional football club based in Santiago, Chile, which plays in the Primera División.

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Club Universidad de Chile

Club Universidad de Chile is a football club based in Santiago, Chile, which plays in the Primera División.

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Coastal plain

A coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast.

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Coat of arms of Chile

The coat of arms of Chile dates from 1834 and was designed by the English artist Charles Wood Taylor (1792-1856).

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Codelco

CODELCO (Corporación Nacional del Cobre de Chile or, in English, the National Copper Corporation of Chile) is a Chilean state owned copper mining company.

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Colina, Chile

Colina is a Chilean city and commune, capital of the Chacabuco Province, in the northern part of the Santiago Metropolitan Region.

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Colo-Colo

Club Social y Deportivo Colo-Colo is a Chilean football club based in Macul, Santiago.

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Communes of Chile

A commune (comuna) is the smallest administrative subdivision in Chile.

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Communist Party of Chile

The Communist Party of Chile (Partido Comunista de Chile) is a Chilean political party inspired by the thoughts of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.

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Community of Latin American and Caribbean States

The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños, CELAC; Comunidade de Estados Latino-Americanos e Caribenhos; Communauté des États Latino-Américains et Caribéens; Gemeenschap van Latijns-Amerikaanse en Caraïbische Staten) is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out on February 23, 2010, at the Rio Group–Caribbean Community Unity Summit, and created on December 3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of The Declaration of Caracas.

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Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport

Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez), also known as Santiago International Airport and Pudahuel Airport, located in Pudahuel, north-west of downtown Santiago, is Chile's largest aviation facility and the busiest international air passenger gateway to the country.

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Competitiveness

Competitiveness pertains to the ability and performance of a firm, sub-sector or country to sell and supply goods and services in a given market, in relation to the ability and performance of other firms, sub-sectors or countries in the same market.

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Concepción, Chile

Concepción is a Chilean city and commune belonging to the metropolitan area of Greater Concepción, its one of the largest urban conurbations of Chile.

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Concertación

The Concertación (full Spanish name: Concertación de Partidos por la Democracia, English: Coalition of Parties for Democracy) is a coalition of center-left political parties in Chile, founded in 1988.

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Condor

Condor is the common name for two species of New World vultures, each in a monotypic genus.

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Conguillío National Park

Conguillío National Park is located in the Andes, in the provinces of Cautín and Malleco, in the Araucanía Region of Chile also known as Region IX.

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Conquest of Chile

The Conquest of Chile is a period in Chilean historiography that starts with the arrival of Pedro de Valdivia to Chile in 1541 and ends with the death of Martín García Óñez de Loyola in the Battle of Curalaba in 1598, and the destruction of the Seven Cities in 1600 in the Araucanía region.

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Conquistador

Conquistadors (from Portuguese or Spanish conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.

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Constitution of Chile

The current Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile, approved by Chilean voters in a controversial plebiscite on September 11, 1980, under the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, partially effective March 11, 1981, fully effective 11 March 1990 and amended considerably on August 17, 1989 (via referendum) and on September 22, 2005 (legislatively), and also in 1991, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010, replaced the earlier constitution of 1925.

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Copa América

The Copa América (Spanish and Portuguese for "America Cup"), formerly known as the South American Football Championship (Campeonato Sud Americano de Football in Spanish), is an international football competition contested between the men's national football teams of CONMEBOL, determining the continental champion of South America.

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Copa Libertadores

The Copa Libertadores de América (Copa Libertadores da América) is an annual international club football competition organized by CONMEBOL since 1960.

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Copa Sudamericana

The Copa Sudamericana (Copa Sul-Americana), currently known as the Copa Total Sudamericana (Copa Total Sul-Americana) for sponsorship reasons, is an annual international club football competition organized by the CONMEBOL since 2002.

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Copiapó

Copiapó is a city in northern Chile, located about 65 kilometers east of the coastal town of Caldera.

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Copiapó River

Copiapó River is a river of Chile located in the Atacama Region.

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Coquimbo

Coquimbo is a port city, commune and capital of the Elqui Province, located on the Pan-American Highway, in the Coquimbo Region of Chile.

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Coquimbo Region

The IV Coquimbo Region (IV Región de Coquimbo) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Cordillera de Nahuelbuta

The Nahuelbuta Range or Cordillera de Nahuelbuta is a mountain range in Bio-Bio and Araucania Region, southern Chile.

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Cougar

The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas.

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Coyhaique

Coihaique, also spelled Coyhaique in Patagonia, is the capital city of both the Coihaique Province and the Aysén Region of Chile.

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Credit rating

A credit rating is an evaluation of the credit worthiness of a debtor, especially a business (company) or a government, but not individual consumers.

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Crossing of the Andes

The Crossing of the Andes (Cruce de los Andes) was one of the most important feats in the Argentine and Chilean wars of independence, in which a combined army of Argentine soldiers and Chilean exiles invaded Chile leading to Chile's liberation from Spanish rule.

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Crudos

Bistec alemán or Crudo alemán (Crudo is Spanish for raw) is a typical German-Chilean dish similar to a steak tartare.

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Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country in the Caribbean comprising the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos.

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Cueca

Cueca is a family of musical styles and associated dances from Argentina, Chile and Bolivia.

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Cueva del Milodón Natural Monument

Cueva del Milodón Natural Monument is a Natural Monument located in the Chilean Patagonia, northwest of Puerto Natales and north of Punta Arenas.

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Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations.

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Culture of Chile

The culture of Chile reflects the relatively homogeneous population as well as the geographic isolation of the country in relation to the rest of South America.

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Curanto

Curanto is a traditional food of Chiloé Archipelago that has spread to the southern areas of Chile.

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Current account

In economics, a country's current account is one of the two components of its balance of payments, the other being the capital account (sometimes called the financial account).

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Dakar Rally

The Dakar Rally (or simply "The Dakar"; formerly known as the "Paris–Dakar Rally") is an annual rally raid organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation.

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Davis Cup

The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis.

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Depression (economics)

In economics, a depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies.

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Desert

A desert is a barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

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Desventuradas Islands

The Desventuradas Islands, also known as Islas de los Desventurados, (Unfortunate Islands) is a group of four small islands located off the coast of Chile, northwest of Santiago in the Pacific Ocean.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Diego Aracena International Airport

Diego Aracena International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Diego Aracena) is an airport in Iquique, the capital city of the Tarapacá Region in Chile.

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Diego de Almagro

Diego de Almagro, (c. 1475 – July 8, 1538), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish conquistador and a companion and later rival of Francisco Pizarro.

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Diego de Rosales

Diego de Rosales (Madrid, 1601 - Santiago de Chile, 1677) was a Spanish chronicler and author of Historia General del Reino de Chile.

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Diego Portales University

Diego Portales University (Universidad Diego Portales, UDP) is one of the first private universities founded in Chile and is named after the Chilean statesman Diego Portales.

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Drake Passage

The Drake Passage or Mar de Hoces—Sea of Hoces—is the body of water between South America's Cape Horn and the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.

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Dutch people

The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders, a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders" are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.

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Easter Island

Easter Island (Rapa Nui, Isla de Pascua) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.

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Economic freedom

Economic freedom or economic liberty or right to economic liberty is the ability of members of a society to undertake economic direction and actions.

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Eduardo Frei Montalva

Eduardo Nicanor Frei Montalva (January 16, 1911 – January 22, 1982) was a Chilean political leader.

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Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle

Eduardo Alfredo Juan Bernardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle (born June 24, 1942) is a Chilean politician and civil engineer who was President of Chile from 1994 to 2000.

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El Tepual Airport

El Tepual International Airport is a commercial and private aviation facility which serves the tourist area of Puerto Montt, Chile.

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Empanada

An empanada (also called pastel in Portuguese and pate in Haitian Creole) is a stuffed bread or pastry baked or fried in many countries in Latin Europe, Latin America, the Southwestern United States, and parts of Southeast Asia.

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Endorheic basin

An endorheic basin (from the ἔνδον, éndon, "within" and ῥεῖν, rheîn, "to flow") is a closed drainage basin that retains water and allows no outflow to other external bodies of water, such as rivers or oceans, but converges instead into lakes or swamps, permanent or seasonal, that equilibrate through evaporation.

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English Opens Doors

The English Opens Doors Program (Spanish language: Programa Inglés Abre Puertas) is an initiative of the Chilean Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) to apply technical expertise and improve English as a foreign language (EFL) teaching, making it more accessible to Chilean people.

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Equestrian at the Summer Olympics

Equestrianism made its Summer Olympics debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.

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Escondida

Escondida is a copper mine in the Atacama Desert in Antofagasta Region, Chile.

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Ethnic groups in Europe

The ethnic groups in Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various ethnic groups that reside in the nations of Europe.

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Ethnography

Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.

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Evelyn Matthei

Evelyn Rose Matthei Fornet (born November 11, 1953) is a Chilean politician who served as Minister of Labor and Social Security under Chilean President Sebastián Piñera until July 2013.

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Faja Maisan

Faja Maisan is a coastal town located in the Chilean commune of Pitrufquén, Araucanía Region.

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Feast of Saints Peter and Paul

The Feast of Saints Peter and Paul or Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul is a liturgical feast in honour of the martyrdom in Rome of the apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul, which is observed on 29 June.

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Feast of the Immaculate Conception

The Feast of the Immaculate Conception celebrates the solemn belief in the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

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Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan (or; Fernão de Magalhães,; Fernando de Magallanes,; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth.

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Ferdinand VII of Spain

Ferdinand VII (Fernando VII de Borbón; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death.

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Fernando González

Fernando Francisco González Ciuffardi (born 29 July 1980) is a retired professional tennis player from Chile.

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FIBA Basketball World Cup

The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball or simply the FIBA World Cup, between 1950 and 2010 known as the FIBA World Championship, is an international basketball competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body.

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FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup

The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, formerly known as the FIBA World Championship for Women (also called the Basketball World Championship for Women), is a world basketball tournament for women's national teams held quadrennially.

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Fiestas Patrias (Chile)

The Fiestas Patrias of Chile consists of two days.

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Financial crisis of 2007–08

The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

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Fish

A fish is any member of a paraphyletic group of organisms that consist of all gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.

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Fjord

Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by glacial erosion.

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Fjords and channels of Chile

The southern coast of Chile presents a large number of fjords and fjord-like channels from the latitudes of Cape Horn (55° S) to Reloncaví Estuary (42° S).

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Flag carrier

A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.

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Flag of Chile

The national flag of Chile, consists of two unequal horizontal bands of white and red and a blue square the same height as the white band in the canton, which bears a white five-pointed star in the center.

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Flag of Texas

The flag of the state of Texas is defined by law as follows: The Texas flag is known as the "Lone Star Flag" (giving rise to the state's nickname "The Lone Star State").

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Flag of the United States

The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States.

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Fodor's

Fodor's is the world's largest publisher of English language travel and tourism information, and the first relatively professional producer of travel guidebooks.

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Folk music

Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.

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Folklore

Folklore can be described as traditional art, literature, knowledge, and practices that are passed on in large part through oral communication and example.

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Fondo Nacional de Salud

Fondo Nacional de Salud, also known as FONASA, is the financial entity entrusted to collect, manage and distribute state funds for health in Chile.

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Forestry

Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit.

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Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake, vice admiral (– 27 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era.

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Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro González (circa 1471 or 1476 – 26 June 1541) was a Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire.

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Free trade area

A free-trade area is the region encompassing a trade bloc whose member countries have signed a free trade agreement (FTA).

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Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion or freedom of belief is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance; the concept is generally recognized also to include the freedom to change religion or not to follow any religion.

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Freedom of speech

Freedom of speech is the right to communicate one's opinions and ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship.

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Fruit fly

Fruit fly may refer to several organisms.

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Frutillar

Frutillar is a city and commune located in southern Chile in the Los Lagos Region.

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Fuerte Bulnes

Fuerte Bulnes is a Chilean fort located by the Strait of Magellan, 62 km south of Punta Arenas.

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Futaleufú River

The Futaleufú River, located in northern Patagonia, is one of the premier whitewater destinations in the world.

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Gabriela Mistral

Gabriela Mistral (7 April 1889 – 10 January 1957) was the pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, a Chilean poet-diplomat, educator and feminist.

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Garlic

Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium.

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Garrison

Garrison (various spellings) (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, "to equip") is the collective term for a body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but now often simply using it as a home base.

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General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon

The General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics for the United States Air Force (USAF).

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Geography

Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, lit. "earth description") is a field study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.

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Geology

Geology (from the Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change.

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German Chilean

German Chileans (Spanish germanochilenos, German Deutsch-Chilenen) are Chileans of German descent deriving their German ancestry from one or both parents.

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German colonization of Valdivia, Osorno and Llanquihue

From 1850 to 1875 the region around Valdivia, Osorno and Llanquihue in Southern Chile received some 6,000 German immigrants as part of a state-led colonization scheme.

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German revolutions of 1848–49

The revolutions of 1848–49 in the German states, the opening phase of which was also called the March Revolution (Märzrevolution), were initially part of the Revolutions of 1848 that broke out in many European countries.

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Glacier

A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.

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Global Peace Index

The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations' and regions' peacefulness.

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Globalization

Globalization (or globalisation) is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture.

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Gonzalo Rojas

Gonzalo Rojas Pizarro (December 20, 1917 – April 25, 2011) was a Chilean poet.

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Good Friday

Good Friday is a Christian religious holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary.

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Government Junta of Chile (1810)

Government Assembly of the Kingdom of Chile (September 18, 1810 – July 4, 1811), also known as the First Government Junta, was the organ established to rule Chile following the deposition and imprisonment of King Ferdinand VII by Napoleon Bonaparte.

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Grand Slam (tennis)

The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events.

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Grape

A grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis.

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Greater Concepción

Gran Concepción is the second largest conurbation in Chile, after Greater Santiago with 945,650 inhabitants according to the 2012 pre census.

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Greater Valparaíso

Greater Valparaíso (Gran Valparaíso) is the second largest metropolitan area in Chile, after Greater Santiago.

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Gross domestic product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.

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Guanaco

The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is a camelid native to South America that stands between at the shoulder and weighs about 90 kg (200 lb).

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Harold Bloom

Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American literary critic and Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale University.

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Henry Kissinger

Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger; May 27, 1923) is an American diplomat and political scientist.

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Hernán Büchi

Hernán Alberto Büchi Buc (born March 6, 1949) is a Chilean economist who served as minister of finance of the Pinochet dicatorship.

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Higher education

Higher education, post-secondary education, tertiary education or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.

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Hippocamelus

Hippocamelus is a genus of Cervidae, the deer family.

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History of Chile

The territory of Chile it has been populated since at least 12,000 B.C. By the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors began to subdue and colonize the region of present-day Chile, and the territory became a colony between 1540 and 1818, when it gained independence from Spain.

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Hockey

Hockey is a family of sports in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the opponent's goal using a hockey stick.

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Holding company

A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock.

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Huasco River

Huasco River is a river of Chile located in the Huasco Province, Atacama Region.

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Human development (humanity)

Human development is a well-being concept within a field of international development.

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Human rights violations in Pinochet's Chile

Human rights violations during the military government of Chile refer to the acts of human rights abuses, persecution of opponents, political repression and state terrorism committed by the Chilean armed forces and the Police, government agents and civilians in the service of security agencies, during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile since September 11, 1973, until March 11, 1990.

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Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works are two former saltpeter refineries located in northern Chile.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa or Cwa) is a zone of subtropical climate characterised by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.

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Humita

Humita (from Quechua humint'a) is a Native American dish from pre-Hispanic times, and a traditional food in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru.

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Illapel

Illapel is a Chilean city, which is the capital of the Choapa Province, Coquimbo Region.

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Inca Empire

The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.

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Incahuasi

Incahuasi (Quechua Inkawasi or Inka Wasi, inka Inca, wasi house, "Inca house") is a volcanic mountain in the Andes of South America.

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Incas in Central Chile

Inca rule in Chile was brief, it lasted from the 1470s to the 1530s when the Inca Empire collapsed.

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Independent Democratic Union

The Independent Democratic Union (Unión Demócrata Independiente, UDI) is a Chilean right-wing, conservative political party, founded in 1983.

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Index of Chile-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the Republic of Chile.

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Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989

The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 is an International Labour Organization Convention, also known as ILO-convention 169, or C169.

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Indigenous peoples in Chile

Indigenous peoples in Chile, or Native Chileans, form about 4.6% of the total population of Chile (692,000 self-identified persons of indigenous origins were registered in 2002).

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Intendant

The title of intendant (intendant, intendente) has been used in several countries through history.

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International Federation of Football History & Statistics

The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) is an organization that chronicles the history and records of association football.

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.

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International rankings of Chile

The following are international rankings of Chile.

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International Telecommunication Union

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.

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Inti-Illimani

Inti-Illimani (from Quechuan inti and / Aymara illimani) is an instrumental and vocal Latin American folk music ensemble from Chile.

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Iquique

Iquique is a port city and commune in northern Chile, capital of both the Iquique Province and Tarapacá Region.

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Isabel Allende

Isabel Allende (born 2 August 1942) is a Chilean-American writer.

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Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego

Tierra del Fuego—literally Fire Land, formerly Isla de Xativa and also known as Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego—is an island near the southern tip of South America from which it is separated by the Strait of Magellan.

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Isla Negra

Isla Negra is a coastal area in El Quisco commune in central Chile, some 45 km (70 km by road) south of Valparaiso and 96 km (110 km by road) west of Santiago.

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Isla Salas y Gómez

Isla Salas y Gómez, also known as Isla Sala y Gómez, is a small uninhabited Chilean island in the Pacific Ocean.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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James, son of Zebedee

James, son of Zebedee (Hebrew: Yaʿqob, Greek: Ἰάκωβος; died 44 AD) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, and traditionally considered the first apostle to be martyred.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Joaquín Lavín

Joaquín José Lavín Infante (born 23 October 1953) is a Chilean politician and economist.

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John William Wilson

Rt Hon.

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Jorge Alessandri

Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez (May 19, 1896 – August 31, 1986) was the 27th President of Chile from 1958 to 1964, and was the candidate of the Chilean right in the crucial presidential election of 1970 being defeated by Salvador Allende.

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José de San Martín

José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín, was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire.

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José Donoso

José Donoso Yáñez (October 5, 1924 – December 7, 1996) was a Chilean writer.

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José Miguel Carrera

José Miguel Carrera Verdugo (October 15, 1785 – September 4, 1821) was a Chilean general, member of the prominent Carrera family, and considered one of the founders of independent Chile.

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Joseph Bonaparte

Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) was the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I).

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Juan Fernández Islands

The Juan Fernández Islands (Archipiélago Juan Fernández) are a sparsely inhabited island group reliant on tourism and fishing in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Karel Doorman-class frigate

The Karel Doorman class is a class of eight multi-purpose frigates of the Royal Netherlands Navy.

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Köppen climate classification

Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kilometre

The kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: km; or) or kilometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand metres (kilo- being the SI prefix for). It is now the measurement unit used officially for expressing distances between geographical places on land in most of the world; notable exceptions are the United States and the United Kingdom where the statute mile is the official unit used.

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King George Island (South Shetland Islands)

King George Island (Argentina: Isla 25 de Mayo, Chile: Isla Rey Jorge, Russian: Ватерло́о Vaterloo (Waterloo)) is the largest of the South Shetland Islands, lying off the coast of Antarctica in the Southern Ocean.

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La Frontera, Chile

La Frontera is the name given to a geographical region in Chile.

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La Ley (band)

La Ley (Spanish for "The Law") are a Grammy Award and two-time Latin Grammy Award-winning Chilean rock band formed by Andrés Bobe, Rodrigo Aboitiz, Luciano Rojas and Mauricio Claveria with Beto Cuevas.

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La Moneda Palace

Palacio de La Moneda (Coin Palace), or simply La Moneda, is the seat of the President of the Republic of Chile.

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La Nación

La Nación (The Nation) is an Argentine daily newspaper.

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La Serena, Chile

La Serena is a city and commune in northern Chile, capital of the Coquimbo Region.

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Laguna San Rafael National Park

Laguna San Rafael National Park is a park located on the Pacific coast of southern Chile.

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LAN Airlines

LAN Airlines S.A. is a group of South American Airlines based in Santiago, Chile, and part of LATAM Airlines Group, Latin America's largest airline holding company.

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Lapageria

Lapageria is genus of flowering plants with only one known species, Lapageria rosea, commonly known as Chilean bellflower or copihue (co-pee-way Lapageria rosea is the national flower of Chile. It grows in forests in the southern part of Chile, being part of the Valdivian temperate rain forests flora.

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Latinobarómetro

Latinobarómetro Corporation is a private non-profit organization, based in Providencia, Chile.

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Lauca River

The Lauca River is a binational river.

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Lava tube

A lava tube is a natural conduit formed by flowing lava which moves beneath the hardened surface of a lava flow.

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Legal education

Legal education is the education of individuals who intend to become legal professionals or those who simply intend to use their law degree to some end, either related to law (such as politics or academic) or business.

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Leopard 2

The Leopard 2 is a main battle tank developed by Krauss-Maffei in the 1970s for the West German Army.

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Levantemos

Levantemos (Spanish for "Let's rise up") is a Chilean political coalition that joins four centre, centre-right and right parties.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Lingua franca

A lingua franca (plural lingua francas), also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language or vehicular language, is a language or dialect systematically (as opposed to occasionally, or casually) used to make communication possible between persons not sharing a native language or dialect, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both native languages.

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List of Chilean artists

* Arturo Pacheco Altamirano (1903–1978), painter.

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List of Chileans

This is a list of Chileans who are famous or notable.

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List of hospitals in Chile

There are 425 hospitals in Chile.

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List of museums in Chile

This is a list of museums in Chile.

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Lists of ATP number 1 ranked players

Lists of ATP number 1 ranked players are found in the following articles.

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Llama

The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since pre-Hispanic times.

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Llanquihue Province

Llanquihue Province (Provincia de Llanquihue) is one of four provinces of the Chilean region of Los Lagos (X).

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Llullaillaco

Llullaillaco is a potentially active stratovolcano at the border of Argentina (Salta Province) and Chile.

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Lluta River

The Lluta River is a river located in the northern portion of the Arica y Parinacota Region of Chile.

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Loa River

The Loa River (Spanish: Río Loa) is a U-shaped river in Chile's northern Antofagasta Region.

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Logging

Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.

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Los Ángeles, Bío Bío

Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Bío Bío, in the center-south of Chile.

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Los de Ramón

Los de Ramón are a Chilean folkloric group of vast trajectory and extended musical diffusion not only in Chile, also in Latin America.

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Los Jaivas

Los Jaivas are a Chilean musical group who perform in folk, rock, and progressive rock styles.

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Los Lagos Region

Los Lagos Region (X Región de Los Lagos, literally Region of the Lakes) is one of Chile's 15 regions, which are first order administrative divisions, and comprises four provinces: Chiloé, Llanquihue, Osorno and Palena.

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Los Patos

Los Patos (also known as Tres Quebradas) is a mountain in the Andes mountain range of South America.

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Los Prisioneros

Los Prisioneros ("the prisoners") were a Chilean rock band formed in San Miguel, Santiago, Chile in 1983.

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Los Ríos Region

The XIV Los Ríos Region seba te amo con mi heart (Spanish: XIV Región de Los Ríos, literally in English: XIV Region of the Rivers) is one of Chile's 15 regions, the country's first order administrative divisions.

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Los Tres

Los Tres ("The Three (men)") is a Chilean rock band composed of three members: a rock/folk singer and two jazzmen.

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Luis Altamirano

Division General Luis Altamirano Talavera (July 5, 1867 – July 25, 1938) was a Chilean military officer, minister, Vice President of the Republic and finally President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1924 and 1925.

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Luis Ayala (tennis)

Luis Alberto Ayala Salinas (born 18 September 1932) is a former Chilean world-ranked tennis player who competed in the 1950s and 1960s.

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Luis Carrera

Colonel Luis Florentino Juan Manuel Silvestre de los Dolores de la Carrera y Verdugo (1791 – April 8, 1818) was a Chilean military officer who fought in the Chilean War of Independence.

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Lumber

Lumber (American English; timber in Australian English, British English, Hiberno-English, and New Zealand English) is wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.

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Lutheranism

Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the theology of Martin Luther—a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer, and theologian.

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M

M (named em) is the 13th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

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Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region

The Region of Magallanes, officially the XII Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica (XII Región de Magallanes y de la Antártica Chilena), is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Maipo River

Maipo River is the main river flowing through the Santiago Metropolitan Region and the Valparaiso Region of Chile.

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times.

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Mapocho River

The Mapocho River (Río Mapocho) (Mapudungun: Mapu chuco, "water that penetrates the land") flows from the Andes mountains onto the west and divides Chile's capital Santiago in two.

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Mapuche

The Mapuche are a group of indigenous inhabitants of south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.

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Mapuche language

Mapudungun (from mapu 'earth, land' and dungun 'speak, speech') is a language isolate spoken in south-central Chile and west central Argentina by the Mapuche people (from mapu 'earth' and che 'people').

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Mapuche religion

The mythology and religion of the indigenous Mapuche people of south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina is an extensive and ancient belief system.

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Marcelo Ríos

Marcelo Andres Ríos Mayorga (born 26 December 1975) is a former World No. 1 tennis player from Chile.

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Margot Loyola

Margot Loyola Palacios (September 15, 1918 – August 3, 2015) was a musician, folk singer and researcher of the folklore of Chile and Latin America in general.

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Market economy

A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.

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Marxism

Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that analyzes class relations and societal conflict, that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, and a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Mataveri International Airport

Mataveri International Airport or Isla de Pascua Airport is located at Hanga Roa on Rapa Nui (Easter Island) (Isla de Pascua in Spanish).

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Maule Region

The VII Maule Region (VII Región del Maule) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Maule River

The Maule river or Río Maule (Mapudungun: rainy) is one of the most important rivers of Chile.

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Mayonnaise

Mayonnaise (often abbreviated as mayo) is a thick, creamy sauce often used as a condiment.

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Mediterranean climate

The term Mediterranean climate is one typical of the Mediterranean Basin and is a particular variety of subtropical climate.

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Mestizo

Mestizo (Peninsular Spanish:, Latin American Spanish) is a term traditionally used in Spain and Spanish America to mean a person of combined European and Amerindian descent, or someone who would have been deemed a Castizo (one European parent and one Mestizo parent) regardless if the person was born in Mexico or outside of Latin America.

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Methodism

Methodism, or the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.

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Michelle Bachelet

Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (born 29 September 1951) is a Chilean Socialist Party politician who has served as the President of Chile since 11 March 2014.

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Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–90)

The military dictatorship of Chile (dictadura militar de Chile) was an authoritarian military government that ruled Chile between 1973 and 1990.

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Ministry of Health (Chile)

The Ministry of Health of Chile (Ministerio de Salud de Chile), also known as MINSAL, is the cabinet-level administrative office in charge of planning, directing, coordinating, executing, controlling and informing the public health policies formulated by the President of Chile.

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Mocha Island

Mocha (Isla Mocha) is a small Chilean island located west of the coast of Arauco Province in the Pacific Ocean.

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Monarchy of Spain

The King of Spain (Rey de España), constitutionally referred to as the Crown (la Corona) and commonly referred to as the Monarchy of Spain (Monarquía de España) or Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica), is a constitutional institution and a historic office of Spain.

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Monte Verde

Monte Verde is an archaeological site in southern Chile, located near Puerto Montt, Southern Chile, which has been dated to 14,800 years BP.

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Mormons

Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, which began with Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.

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Mulatto

Mulatto is a term originally used to refer to a person who is born from one black parent and one white parent; or to persons of two Mulatto parents.

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Multinational state

A multinational state is a sovereign state which is viewed as comprising two or more nations.

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Nahuelbuta National Park

Nahuelbuta National Park is one of the few parks located in La Araucanía Region of Chile's Coastal Mountain Range.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.

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National Anthem of Chile

The National Anthem of Chile (Himno Nacional de Chile) is also known as Canción Nacional (National Song).

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National Autonomous University of Mexico

The National Autonomous University of Mexico Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México is a public research university in Mexico City, Mexico and is the largest university in Latin America.

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National Congress of Chile

The National Congress (Congreso Nacional) of Chile is the legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile.

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National language

A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) which has some connection—de facto or de jure—with a people and perhaps by extension the territory they occupy.

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National Renewal (Chile)

National Renewal (Spanish: Renovación Nacional, RN) is a liberal conservative political party belonging to the Chilean centre-right political coalition called Levantemos in conjunction with the Independent Democratic Union (UDI), the Independent Regionalist Party (PRI) and Political Evolution (EvoPoli).

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National sport

A national sport or national pastime is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation.

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National Statistics Institute (Chile)

The National Statistics Institute of Chile (Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Chile, INE) is a state-run organization of the Government of Chile, created in the second half of the 19th century and tasked with performing a general census of population and housing, then collecting, producing and publishing official demographic statistics of people in Chile, in addition to other specific tasks entrusted to it by law.

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Nationalization

Nationalisation (an alternative spelling is nationalization) is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.

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Net asset value

Net asset value (NAV) is the value of an entity's assets minus the value of its liabilities, often in relation to open-end or mutual funds, since shares of such funds registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission are redeemed at their net asset value.

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Nevado Tres Cruces

Nevado Tres Cruces is a massif of volcanic origin in the Andes Mountains.

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Nicanor Parra

Nicanor Segundo Parra Sandoval (born 5 September 1914) is a Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist.

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Nicaragua

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus.

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Nobel Prize in Literature

Since 1901, the Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) has been awarded annually to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning).

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Norte Chico, Chile

The Norte Chico (Small North, Near North) is one of the five natural regions on which CORFO divided continental Chile in 1950.

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Norte Grande

The Norte Grande (Big North, Far North) is one of the five natural regions into which CORFO divided continental Chile in 1950.

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Northern Hemisphere

The Northern Hemisphere of Earth is the half that is north of the equator.

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Nothofagus

Nothofagus, also known as the southern beeches, is a genus of 36 species of trees and shrubs native to the Southern Hemisphere in southern South America (Chile, Argentina) and Australasia (east and southeast Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia).

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Nueva canción

Nueva canción ('new song') is a movement and genre within Latin American and Iberian folk music, folk-inspired music and socially committed music.

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Nueva Mayoría

The Nueva Mayoría (Spanish for New Majority) is a Chilean electoral coalition created in 2013 and composed mainly of centre-left political parties supporting the presidential candidacy of Michelle Bachelet in the 2013 election.

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O'Higgins Region

The VI Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region (VI Región del Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins), often shortened to O'Higgins Region, is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Oat

The oat (Avena sativa), sometimes called the common oat, is a species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name (usually in the plural, unlike other cereals and pseudocereals).

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Occupation of Araucanía

The Occupation of Araucanía or Pacification of Araucanía (1861–1883) was a series of military campaigns, agreements and penetrations by the Chilean army and settlers into Mapuche territory which led to the incorporation of Araucanía into Chilean national territory.

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Oceania

Oceania (Pronunciation: The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) ISBN 0-19-861263-X — p.1282 "Oceania /ˌəʊsɪˈɑːnɪə, -ʃɪ-/". or), also known as Oceanica, is a region centered on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic climate (also known as marine, west coast and maritime) is the climate typical of the west coasts at the middle latitudes of most continents, and generally features warm (but not hot) summers and cool (but not cold) winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range.

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Off-road racing

Off-road racing is a format of racing where various classes of specially modified vehicles (including cars, trucks, motorcycles, and buggies) compete in races through off-road environments.

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Ojos del Salado

Nevado Ojos del Salado is a massive stratovolcano in the Andes on the Argentina–Chile border and the highest active volcano in the world at.

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Oligarchy

Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people.

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Onion

The onion (Allium cepa L.) (Latin 'cepa'.

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Osorno, Chile

Osorno is a city and commune in southern Chile and capital of Osorno Province in the Los Lagos Region.

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Our Lady of Mount Carmel

Our Lady of Mount Carmel is the title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary in her role as patroness of the Carmelite Order.

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Outline of Chile

188px An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Chile The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Chile: Chile – country in South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Pablo de Rokha

Pablo de Rokha (October 17, 1894 in Licantén, Chile - September 10, 1968 in Santiago, Chile) was a Chilean poet.

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Pablo Neruda

Pablo Neruda was the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean poet-diplomat and politician Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973).

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Palena River

The Palena River or Carrenleufú is a river shared by Chile and Argentina in Northern Patagonia.

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Paleozoic

The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era (or; from the Greek palaios (παλαιός), "old" and zoe (ζωή), "life", meaning "ancient life") is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon, spanning from roughly (ICS, 2004).

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Palestinians

The Palestinian people (الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha‘b al-Filasṭīnī), also referred to as Palestinians (الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīniyyūn, פָלַסְטִינִים), are an ethnic group representing the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Palestinian Arab due to Arabization of the region.

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Pali-Aike Volcanic Field

Pali-Aike Volcanic Field (also spelled Palei-Aike) is a Pleistocene-to-Holocene volcanic field in Patagonia on the Argentina–Chile border, located north of the Straits of Magellan about 150 km northeast of Punta Arenas, Chile.

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Pampa del Tamarugal

Pampa del Tamarugal ("Plateau of the Tamarugal") is a vast plain encompassing a significant portion of the Norte Grande, Chile, and originally named for the Prosopis tamarugo trees that used to cover its surface.

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Pan American Games

The Pan-American or Pan American Games (also known colloquially as the Pan Am Games) is a major sporting event in the Americas featuring summer sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions.

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Parallel (geometry)

In geometry, parallel lines are lines in a plane which do not meet; that is, two lines in a plane that do not intersect or touch each other at any point are said to be parallel.

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Parinacota (volcano)

Parinacota (in hispanicized spelling), Parina Quta or Parinaquta (Aymara parina flamingo, quta lake, "flamingo lake") is a massive dormant stratovolcano on the border of Chile and Bolivia.

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Parra family

The Parra family is a Chilean family known for its many artists.

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Pastel de choclo

Pastel de choclo (Corn Pie), is a pastel food based on sweetcorn or choclo, the quechua word for “tender corn”, or the new corn of the season.

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Patagonia

Patagonia is a sparsely populated region located at the southern end of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile.

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Patricio Aylwin

Patricio Aylwin Azócar (born November 26, 1918) is a Chilean Christian Democrat politician, lawyer, author, professor and former senator.

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Patron saint

A patron saint or a patron hallow is a saint who in Roman Catholicism is regarded as the tutelary spirit or heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Peach

The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Shan mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated.

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Pear

The pear is any of several tree and shrub species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae.

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Pedro de Valdivia

Pedro Gutiérrez de Valdivia or Valdiva (April 17, 1497 – December 25, 1553) was a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile.

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Pensions in Chile

The Chile Pension system (Spanish: Sistema Previsional) refers to old-age, disability and survivor pensions for workers in Chile.

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Pentecostalism

Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.

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Per capita income

Per capita income or average income is the measure of the amount of money that is being earned by person in a certain area, such as a city, region, or country, which is calculated by dividing the total income of a the area by its total population.

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Peru

Peru (Perú; Piruw; Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Peru–Bolivian Confederation

The Peru–Bolivian Confederation (or Confederacy) was a short-lived confederate state that existed in South America between 1836 and 1839.

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Phylloxera

Grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch 1855); family Phylloxeridae); originally described in France as Phylloxera vastatrix; equated to the previously described Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, Phylloxera vitifoliae; commonly just called phylloxera (from Greek φύλλον, leaf, and ξερόν, dry) is a pest of commercial grapevines worldwide, originally native to eastern North America.

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Pichilemu

Pichilemu, originally known as Pichilemo, is a beach resort city and commune in central Chile, and capital of Cardenal Caro Province.

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Picunche people

The Picunche (a mapudungun word meaning "North People"), also referred to as picones by the Spanish, were a mapudungun speaking Chilean people living to the north of the Mapuches or Araucanians (a name given to those Mapuche living between the Itata and Toltén Rivers) and south of the Choapa River and the Diaguitas.

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Pitrufquén

Pitrufquén is a Chilean city and commune in Cautín Province, Araucanía Region.

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Plurality (voting)

In North American English, plurality, also called relative majority in the context of voting, is the largest number of votes received by one candidate (or any proposal in a referendum) out of the entire group of candidates.

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Polarization (politics)

In the world of politics, polarization (or polarisation) can refer to the divergence of political attitudes to ideological extremes.

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Political corruption

Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain.

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Polo

Polo is a team sport played on horseback.

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Pomerape

Pomerape is a stratovolcano lying on the border of northern Chile and Bolivia (Oruro Department, Sajama Province, Curahuara de Carangas Municipality).

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Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; on 16 April 1927) served as Pope of the Catholic Church from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.

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Popular Unity (Chile)

The Popular Unity (Unidad Popular, UP) was a left-wing political alliance in Chile that stood behind the successful candidacy of Salvador Allende for the 1970 Chilean presidential election.

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Portillo, Chile

Portillo is a ski resort in South America, located in the Andes mountains of Chile.

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Poultry

Poultry are domesticated birds kept by humans for the eggs they produce, their meat, their feathers, or sometimes as pets.

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Presbyterianism

Presbyterianism is a part of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to the British Isles.

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Preschool

A preschool (also nursery school, kindergarten outside the US and UK) is an educational establishment offering early childhood education to children between the ages of three and five, prior to the commencement of compulsory education at primary school.

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President of Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.

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Presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo International Airport

Presidente Carlos Ibáñez International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Presidente Carlos Ibáñez) is an airport serving the city of Punta Arenas in southern Chile in the Patagonia region of South America.

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Presidential system

A presidential system is a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

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Primary school

A primary school or elementary school is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool.

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Private university

Private universities are universities not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grants.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.

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Prussia

Prussia (Prusy) was a historic state originating out of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and centered on the region of Prussia.

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Public holiday

A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.

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Public university

A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.

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Public works

Public works (or internal improvements historically in the United States)Carter Goodrich, (Greenwood Press, 1960)Stephen Minicucci,, Studies in American Political Development (2004), 18:2:160-185 Cambridge University Press.

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Pucón

Pucón (Mapudungun: "entrance to the cordillera") is a Chilean city and commune administered by the municipality of Pucón.

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Pudú

The pudús (Mapudungun püdü or püdu, pudú) are two subspecies of South American deer from the genus Pudu, and are the world's smallest deer.

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Puerto Montt

Puerto Montt is a port city and commune in southern Chile, located at the northern end of the Reloncaví Sound in the Llanquihue Province, Los Lagos Region, 1,055 km to the south of the capital, Santiago.

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Puerto Octay

Puerto Octay is a town and commune located on the north shore of Llanquihue Lake in Los Lagos Region in the south of Chile.

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Puerto Varas

Puerto Varas, also known as "La ciudad de las rosas" or “the city of roses”, is a city and commune located in the southern Chilean province of Llanquihue, in the Los Lagos Region.

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Punta Arenas

Punta Arenas is an administrative "comuna" (sometimes mistranslated into English as a "commune")- see commune - and the capital city of Chile's southernmost region, Magallanes and Antartica Chilena.

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Putre

Putre is a Chilean town and commune, capital of the Parinacota Province in the Arica-Parinacota Region.

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Quechua people

Quechuas (also Runakuna, Kichwas, and Ingas) is the collective term for several indigenous ethnic groups in South America who speak a Quechua language (Southern Quechua mainly), belonging to several ethnic groups in South America, especially in Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Argentina.

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Quechuan languages

Quechuan, also known as runa simi ("people's language"), is a Native American language family spoken primarily in the Andes region of South America, derived from a common ancestral language.

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Quilapayún

Quilapayún are an instrumental and vocal folk music group from Chile and among the longest lasting and most influential ambassadors of the Nueva Canción Chilena movement.

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Raúl de Ramón

Raúl de Ramón, full name Raúl Alberto de Ramón García del Postigo, (May 12, 1929, Santiago de Chile — April 1984) was a Chilean composer, musician and folklorist and author of numerous widely known songs in Chile, such as The Curanto, Nostalgia Colchaguina, Camino de Soledad, Rosa Colorada, Canción de la Caballería, El Amor del Arriero and a many more.

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Raúl Zurita

Raúl Zurita Canessa (born 1950) is a Chilean poet.

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Radical Party (Chile)

The Radical Party (Spanish: Partido Radical) of Chile was a Chilean political party.

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Rancagua

Rancagua is a city and commune in central Chile and part of the Rancagua conurbation.

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Rapa Nui language

Rapa Nui or Rapanui also known as Pascuan, or Pascuense, is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken on the island of Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island.

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Rapa Nui mythology

Rapa Nui mythology, also known as Pascuense mythology or Easter Island mythology, refers to the native myths, legends, and beliefs of the Rapa Nui people of Easter Island in the south eastern Pacific Ocean.

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Rapa Nui National Park

Rapa Nui National Park is a national park and UNESCO-inscribed World Heritage Site located on Easter Island, Chile.

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Real Situado

The Real Situado was an annual payment of silver from the Viceroyalty of Peru to finance the Spanish army of Chile that as result of the Arauco War.

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Reconquista (Spanish America)

In colonial Spanish America, the Reconquista refers to the period following the defeat of Napoleon in 1814 during which royalist armies were able to gain the upper hand in the Spanish American wars of independence.

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Referendum

A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.

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Reformation Day

Reformation Day is a religious holiday celebrated on October 31, alongside All Hallows' Eve, in remembrance of the Reformation, particularly by Lutheran and some Reformed church communities.

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Religious discrimination

Religious discrimination is valuing or treating a person or group differently because of what they do or do not believe.

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Republic

A republic (from res publica) is a form of government or country in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law.

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Rettig Report

The Rettig Report, officially The National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Report, is a 1991 report by a commission designated by then-President Patricio Aylwin (from the Concertación) encompassing human rights abuses resulting in death or disappearance that occurred in Chile during the years of military dictatorship under Augusto Pinochet, which began on September 11, 1973 and ended on March 11, 1990.

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Ricardo Lagos

Ricardo Froilán Lagos Escobar (March 2, 1938) is a lawyer, economist and social democrat politician, who served as president of Chile from 2000 to 2006.

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Richard Nixon

Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974 when he became the only U.S. president to resign the office.

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Ring of Fire

The Ring of Fire is an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.

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Roberto Bolaño

Roberto Bolaño Ávalos (28 April 1953 – 15 July 2003) was a Chilean novelist, short-story writer, poet and essayist.

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Robinson Crusoe Island

Robinson Crusoe Island (Isla Robinson Crusoe), formerly known as Más a Tierra (Closer to Land), is the second largest of the Juan Fernández Islands, situated west of San Antonio, Chile, in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Roman numerals

Roman numerals, the numeric system used in ancient Rome, employs combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values.

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Russia

Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.

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Salar de Atacama

Salar de Atacama is the largest salt flat in Chile.

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Salvador Allende

Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.

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San Pedro de Atacama

San Pedro de Atacama is a Chilean town and commune in El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region.

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Sandinista National Liberation Front

The Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN) is now a democratic socialist political party in Nicaragua.

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Santiago

Santiago, also Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile.

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Santiago Metropolitan Region

Santiago Metropolitan Region or simply Metropolitan Region (Región Metropolitana de Santiago) is one of Chile's 15 first-order administrative divisions.

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Sebastián Piñera

Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique (born December 1, 1949) is a Chilean politician and businessman.

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Secondary school

A secondary school is a school which provides secondary education, between the ages of 11 and 16 or 11 and 19, after primary school and before higher education.

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Seismology

Seismology (from Greek σεισμός "earthquake" and -λογία "study of") is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies.

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Senate of Chile

The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.

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Senator for life

A senator for life is a member of the senate or equivalent upper chamber of a legislature who has life tenure.

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Separation of church and state

The separation of church and state is a description for the distance in the relationship between organized religion and the nation state.

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Seventh-day Adventist Church

The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the original seventh day of the Judeo-Christian week, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.

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Sewell, Chile

Sewell is an uninhabited Chilean mining town located on the slopes of the Andes in the commune of Machalí in Cachapoal Province, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region, at an altitude of between 2,000 and 2,250 metres.

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Silesians

Silesians (Silesian: Ślůnzoki; Silesian German: Schläsinger; Ślązacy; Slezané; Schlesier) are the inhabitants of Silesia, a region divided by the current boundaries of Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic.

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Skiing

Skiing is a mode of transport, recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.

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Slavery

Slavery is a legal or economic system in which principles of property law can apply to humans so that people can be treated as property, and can be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement.

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Snowboarding

Snowboarding is a recreational activity and olympic sport that involves descending a slope that is covered with snow while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet.

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Socialist Party of Chile

The Socialist Party of Chile (Partido Socialista de Chile, or PS) is a political party within the center-left Nueva Mayoría.

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South America

South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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South American gray fox

The South American gray fox (Lycalopex griseus), also known as the Patagonian fox, the chilla or the gray zorro, is a species of Lycalopex, the "false" foxes.

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South American Plate

The South American Plate is a tectonic plate which includes the continent of South America and also a sizeable region of the Atlantic Ocean seabed extending eastward to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

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South Bolivian Quechua

South Bolivian Quechua, also known as Central Bolivian Quechua, is a dialect of Southern Quechua spoken in Bolivia and adjacent areas of Argentina, where it is also known as Colla.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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Southern Cone

Southern Cone (Cono Sur, Cone Sul) is a geographic region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, south of and around the Tropic of Capricorn.

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Southern Hemisphere

The Southern Hemisphere of Earth is the half which is south of the equator.

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Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.

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Southern Patagonian Ice Field

The Southern Patagonian Ice Field (Hielos Continentales or Campo de Hielo Sur), located at the Southern Patagonic Andes between Argentina and Chile, is the world's second largest contiguous extrapolar ice field.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio español) was one of the largest empires in world history and one of the first of global extent.

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Spanish immigration to Chile

Spanish Chileans (in Spanish: Chileno-español) refer more often to Chileans of post-independence Spanish immigrant descent, as they have retained a Spanish cultural identity.

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Spanish language

Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.

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Sport in Chile

Sports in Chile are performed at both amateur and professional levels, practiced both at home and abroad to develop and improve, or simply represent the country.

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Standard & Poor's

Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC (S&P) is an American financial services company.

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Strait of Magellan

The Strait of Magellan, also called the Straits of Magellan, is a navigable sea route separating mainland South America to the north and Tierra del Fuego to the south.

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Supermajority

A supermajority or a qualified majority is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified greater level of support than a more than 50% simple majority.

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Supreme Court of Chile

The Supreme Court of Chile is the highest court in Chile.

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Surfing

Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.

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Surfing in Chile

Chile has many beaches for surfing, especially in the northern region where the weather conditions attract many surfers from all over the world.

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Talca

Talca is a city and commune in Chile located about south of Santiago, and is the capital of both Talca Province and Maule Region (7th Region of Chile).

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Talcahuano

Talcahuano is a port city and commune in the Biobío Region of Chile.

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Tarapacá Region

The I Tarapacá Region (I Región de Tarapacá) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Telecommunication

Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between two or more entities (communication) includes the use of technology.

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Telephone numbers in Chile

The following telephone numbers in Chile are geographic area codes for all national and international calls terminating in Chile.

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Temuco

Temuco is a city and commune, capital of the Cautín Province and of the Araucanía Region in southern Chile.

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Teresa of the Andes

Teresa of Los Andes, O.C.D. (July 13, 1900 – April 12, 1920), also known as Saint Teresa of Jesus of Los Andes (Teresa de Jesús de Los Andes), was a Chilean nun of the Discalced Carmelite Order who was canonized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.

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Termas de Chillán

Termas de Chillán is a town located 82 km east of the Chilean city of Chillán.

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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS Church or, informally, the Mormon Church) is a Christian restorationist church that is considered by its followers to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.

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The Obscene Bird of Night

The Obscene Bird of Night (El obsceno pájaro de la noche, 1970) is the most acclaimed novel by the Chilean writer José Donoso (1924-1996).

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook (ISSN; also known as the CIA World Factbook) is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Time in Chile

Time in Chile is divided into two time zones.

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Toltén River

Toltén River is a river located in the La Araucanía Region of Chile.

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Torres del Paine National Park

Torres del Paine National Park (Parque Nacional Torres del Paine) is a national park encompassing mountains, glaciers, lakes, and rivers in southern Chilean Patagonia.

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Transverse Valleys

The Transverse Valleys (Spanish: Valles transversales) are a group of valleys in the semi-arid northern Chile.

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Tribal chief

A tribal chief is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom.

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Tsunami

A tsunami (plural: tsunamis or tsunami; from 津波, lit. "harbor wave"; English pronunciation), also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

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Tupungato

Tupungato, one of the highest mountains in the Americas, is a massive Andean stratovolcano dating to Pleistocene times.

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UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).

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Union of South American Nations

The Union of South American Nations, USAN; (Unión de Naciones Suramericanas, UNASUR; União de Nações Sul-Americanas, UNASUL; Unie van Zuid-Amerikaanse Naties, UZAN) is an intergovernmental regional organization comprising 12 South American countries.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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United Nations Charter

The Charter of the United Nations is the foundational treaty of the intergovernmental organization; the United Nations.

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United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish CEPAL, is a United Nations regional commission to encourage economic cooperation.

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United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA, GA, or, from the Assemblée Générale, "AG") is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.

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United Nations Human Rights Council

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations System inter-governmental body whose 47 member states are responsible for promoting and protecting human rights around the world.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United Nations Security Council election, 2013

The 2013 United Nations Security Council election was held on 17 October 2013 during the 68th session of the United Nations General Assembly, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York City.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DoS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department responsible for international relations of the United States, equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries.

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United States intervention in Chile

The United States intervention in Chilean politics started during the War of Chilean Independence.

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University of Brasília

The University of Brasília (Universidade de Brasília, UnB) is a Brazilian public university funded by the Brazilian federal government.

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University of Chile

The University of Chile (Universidad de Chile) is a national and public institution, founded on November 19, 1842 and inaugurated on September 17, 1843.

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US Open (tennis)

The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hardcourt tennis tournament which is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the U.S. National Championship, for which men's singles was first contested in 1881.

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Vachellia caven

Vachellia caven (Roman Cassie, Aromita, Aromo Criollo, Caven, Churque, Churqui, Espinillo, Espinillo de Baado, Espino, Espino Maulino) is an ornamental tree in the Fabaceae family.

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Valdivia

Valdivia is a city and commune in southern Chile, administered by the Municipality of Valdivia.

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Valech Report

The Valech Report (officially The National Commission on Political Imprisonment and Torture Report) was a record of abuses committed in Chile between 1973 and 1990 by agents of Augusto Pinochet's military regime.

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Valle de la Luna (Chile)

El Valle de la Luna (Valley of the Moon) is located west of San Pedro de Atacama, Chile in the Cordillera de la Sal, in the Atacama desert of Chile.

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Valle Nevado

Valle Nevado (Snowy Valley in the Spanish language) is a ski resort located on the El Plomo foothills in the Andes Mountains, at 46 km to the east of Santiago, the capital of Chile.

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Valparaíso

Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the county or commune of Valparaíso, Chile.

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Valparaíso Region

The V Valparaíso Region (V Región de Valparaíso) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions.

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Víctor Jara

Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez (28 September 1932 – 15 September 1973) was a Chilean teacher, theatre director, poet, singer-songwriter, and political activist.

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Viña del Mar

Viña del Mar (meaning "Vineyard of the Sea"), is a city and commune on central Chile's Pacific coast.

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Viña del Mar International Song Festival

The Viña del Mar International Song Festival (Festival Internacional de la Canción de Viña del Mar) is a music festival that is considered the best and biggest in Latin America and the most important musical event in the Americas which is held annually on the 3rd week of February since 1960 in Viña del Mar, Chile.

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Vicente Huidobro

Vicente García-Huidobro Fernández (January 10, 1893 – January 2, 1948) was a Chilean poet born to an aristocratic family.

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Victoria, Chile

Victoria is a city and commune in Malleco Province of La Araucanía Region, Chile.

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Villarrica Lake

Lake Villarrica, also known as Mallalafquén (its pre-Hispanic name in Mapudungun), is located about 700 kilometers south of Santiago in Chile’s Lake District in the southeast area of the Province of Cautín.

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Violeta Parra

Violeta del Carmen Parra Sandoval (4 October 1917 – 5 February 1967) was a Chilean composer, songwriter, folklorist, ethnomusicologist and visual artist.

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Volcano

A volcano is a rupture on the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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War of the Confederation

The War of the Confederation (Guerra de la Confederación) (1836–1839), was a conflict between the Peru-Bolivian Confederation on one side and Chile, Peruvian dissidents and Argentina, on the other.

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War of the Pacific

The War of the Pacific (Guerra del Pacífico) (1879–1883) was fought in western South America, between Chile and allied Bolivia and Peru in a variety of terrain, including the Pacific Ocean, Atacama Desert and Peru's deserts and mountainous regions in the Andes.

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Water supply and sanitation in Chile

This article has been written in 2007/08 with later partial updates, including most recently in 2012 concerning access data.

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Wesleyan Church

The Wesleyan Church is a holiness Christian denomination in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, South Africa, Namibia, Sierra Leone, Asia and Australia.

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Wheat

Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East but now cultivated worldwide.

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White Latin American

White Latin Americans are the people of Latin America who are considered white, typically due to European, or in some cases, Levantine descent.

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Wool

Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and certain other animals, including cashmere from goats, mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.

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World Bank

The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.

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World Bank high-income economy

A high-income economy is defined by the World Bank as a country with a gross national income per capita above US$12,735 in 2014, calculated using the Atlas method.

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World Heritage Site

A World Heritage Site is a place (such as a building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural or physical significance.

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World Polo Championship

The World Polo Championship is a polo competition between countries.

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World Team Cup

The World Team Cup was the international team championship of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).

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Yale University

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

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Yelcho River

The Yelcho River is a river in the Los Lagos Region of southern Chile.

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Yellow-winged blackbird

The yellow-winged blackbird (Agelasticus thilius) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae.

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Yogurt

Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (or; from yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.

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.cl

.cl is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Chile (including Easter Island).

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17th parallel south

The 17th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 17 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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1959 FIBA World Championship

The 1959 FIBA World Championship was an international basketball competition hosted by Chile from January 16 to 31, 1959.

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1962 FIFA World Cup

The 1962 FIFA World Cup was the 7th FIFA World Cup.

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1973 Chilean coup d'état

The 1973 Chilean coup d'état was a watershed event in both the history of Chile and the Cold War.

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2000 Summer Olympics

The 2000 Summer Olympic Games (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 2000), officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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2004 Summer Olympics

The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.

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2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from 8 to 24 August 2008.

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2010 Chile earthquake

The 2010 Chile earthquake (Terremoto de Chile de 2010) occurred off the coast of central Chile on Saturday, 27 February at 03:34 local time (06:34 UTC), having a magnitude of 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale, with intense shaking lasting for about three minutes.

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2010 Copiapó mining accident

The 2010 Copiapó mining accident, also known then as the "Chilean mining accident", began in the afternoon of Thursday, 5 August 2010 as a significant cave-in at the troubled 121-year-old San José copper–gold mine.

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2015 Copa América

The 2015 Copa América was the 44th edition of the Copa América, the main international football tournament for national teams in South America, and took place in Chile between 11 June and 4 July 2015.

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2015 Illapel earthquake

The 2015 Illapel earthquake occurred offshore from Illapel, Chile on September 16 at 19:54:33 Chile Standard Time (22:54:33 UTC), with a moment magnitude of 8.3.

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56th parallel south

The 56th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 56 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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66th meridian west

The meridian 66° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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75th meridian west

The meridian 75° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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Redirects here:

Chilean Republic, Chilé, Cile, Cxilio, Etymology of Chile, ISO 3166-1:CL, Name of Chile, Republic of Chile, República de Chile, State of Chile.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chile

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