84 relations: Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Systems, Alpha compositing, AMD FirePro, Amiga, Amiga Advanced Graphics Architecture, Amstrad CPC, Atari Falcon, Atari ST, Atari TT030, Audio bit depth, Audioholics, BBC Micro, Binary image, Bit, Bit plane, Blu-ray, Chroma subsampling, Color, Color Graphics Adapter, Color space, Colour look-up table, Commodore 64, DisplayPort, Dither, DVD-Video, Enhanced Graphics Adapter, Floating point, Frame rate control, Framebuffer, Gamut, Half-precision floating-point format, HDMI, High Efficiency Video Coding, High-dynamic-range imaging, Hold-And-Modify, IBM Personal Computer, Industrial Light & Magic, IPS panel, John Wiley & Sons, List of color palettes, List of colors (compact), Mach bands, Macintosh, Mitsubishi, Monochrome, MSX, NeXTstation, Nvidia Quadro, Open standard, ..., OpenEXR, Original Chip Set, Palette (computing), Pixel, Posterization, Primary color, Quattron, QuickDraw, Radeon, Radius (hardware company), Raster graphics, Rec. 2020, RGB color model, RGB color space, RGBA color space, Samsung, ScRGB, Sharp Aquos, Silicon Graphics, SRGB, Super video graphics array, Texas Instruments, The Tech Report, Tints and shades, Ultra-high-definition television, Video card, Video Graphics Array, VRAM, Windows 7, Windows Hardware Engineering Conference, XvYCC, YCbCr, ZX Spectrum, 8-bit color. Expand index (34 more) » « Shrink index
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for Windows and OS X. Photoshop was created in 1988 by Thomas and John Knoll.
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Adobe Systems Incorporated is an American multinational computer software company.
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In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.
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AMD FirePro is AMD's brand of graphics cards intended for use in workstations.
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The Amiga is a family of personal computers sold by Commodore in the 1980s and 1990s.
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Amiga Advanced Graphics Architecture (AGA) is the third-generation Amiga graphic chipset, first used in the Amiga 4000 in 1992.
The Amstrad CPC (short for Colour Personal Computer) is a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad between 1984 and 1990.
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The Atari Falcon030 Computer System was Atari Corporation's final computer product.
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The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
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The Atari TT030 is a member of the Atari ST family, originally intended to be a high end Unix workstation, however Atari took two years to release a port of Unix SVR4 for the TT, which prevented the TT from ever being seriously considered in its intended market.
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In digital audio using pulse-code modulation (PCM), bit depth is the number of bits of information in each sample, and it directly corresponds to the resolution of each sample.
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Audioholics is an audio/video (A/V) and home theater technology review website and forum community.
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The BBC Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, was a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
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A binary image is a digital image that has only two possible values for each pixel.
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A bit is the basic unit of information in computing and digital communications.
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A bit plane of a digital discrete signal (such as image or sound) is a set of bits corresponding to a given bit position in each of the binary numbers representing the signal.
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Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD, BRD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
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Chroma subsampling is the practice of encoding images by implementing less resolution for chroma information than for luma information, taking advantage of the human visual system's lower acuity for color differences than for luminance.
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Color, or coloursee spelling differencesis the visual perceptual property corresponding in humans to the categories called red, blue, yellow, etc.
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The Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), originally also called the Color/Graphics Adapter or IBM Color/Graphics Monitor Adapter, introduced in 1981, was IBM's first graphics card and first color display card for the IBM PC.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
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A colour look-up table (CLUT) is a mechanism used to transform a range of input colours into another range of colours.
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The Commodore 64, also known as the C64, C-64, C.
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DisplayPort is a digital display interface developed by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA). The interface is primarily used to connect a video source to a display device such as a computer monitor, though it can also be used to carry audio, USB, and other forms of data. VESA designed it to replace VGA, DVI, and FPD-Link. DisplayPort is backward compatible with VGA and DVI through the use of adapters.
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Dither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing large-scale patterns such as color banding in images.
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DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is currently the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.
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The Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA) is an IBM PC computer display standard specification which is between CGA and VGA in terms of color and space resolution.
In computing, floating point is the formulaic representation which approximates a real number so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.
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Frame rate control (FRC) is a method for achieving higher color quality in low color resolution display panels such as TN+film LCD.
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A framebuffer (frame buffer, or sometimes framestore) is a portion of RAM containing a bitmap that is driven to a video display from a memory buffer containing a complete frame of data.
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In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.
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In computing, half precision is a binary floating-point computer number format that occupies 16 bits (two bytes in modern computers) in computer memory.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transferring uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
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High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) is a video compression standard, a successor to H.264/MPEG-4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding), which was jointly developed by the ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11 Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) and ITU-T SG16/Q.6 Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) as ISO/IEC 23008-2 MPEG-H Part 2 and ITU-T H.265.
High-dynamic-range imaging (HDRI or HDR) is a technique used in imaging and photography to reproduce a greater dynamic range of luminosity than is possible with standard digital imaging or photographic techniques.
Hold-And-Modify, usually abbreviated as HAM, is a display mode of the Commodore Amiga computer.
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The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is an American Academy Award-winning motion picture visual effects company that was founded in May 1975 by George Lucas.
IPS (In-plane switching) is a screen technology used for liquid crystal displays (LCDs).
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John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing and markets its products to professionals and consumers, students and instructors in higher education, and researchers and practitioners in scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly fields.
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This article is a list of the color palettes for notable computer graphics, terminals and video game console hardware.
The following list shows a compact version of the colors in the List of colors A–F, G–M, and N–Z articles.
Mach bands is an optical illusion named after the physicist Ernst Mach. It exaggerates the contrast between edges of the slightly differing shades of gray, as soon as they contact one another, by triggering edge-detection in the human visual system.
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The Macintosh (branded as Mac since 1998) is a series of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Steve Jobs introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 24, 1984.
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The Mitsubishi Group (三菱グループ, Mitsubishi Gurūpu) (also known as the Mitsubishi Group of Companies or Mitsubishi Companies) is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies covering a range of businesses which share the Mitsubishi brand, trademark, and legacy.
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Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
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MSX is the name of a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983.
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NeXTstation is a high-end workstation computer developed, manufactured and sold by NeXT from 1990 until 1993.
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Quadro is a brand of graphics processing units (GPUs) designed by Nvidia.
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An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process).
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OpenEXR is a high dynamic range imaging image file format, released as an open standard along with a set of software tools created by Industrial Light and Magic (ILM), under a free software license similar to the BSD license.
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The Original Chip Set (OCS) was a chipset used in the earliest Commodore Amiga computers and defined the Amiga's graphics and sound capabilities.
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In computer graphics, a palette is either a given, finite set of colors for the management of digital images (that is, a color palette), or a small on-screen graphical element for choosing from a limited set of choices, not necessarily colors (such as a tools palette).
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In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
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Posterization or posterisation of an image entails conversion of a continuous gradation of tone to several regions of fewer tones, with abrupt changes from one tone to another.
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Primary colors are sets of colors that can be combined to make a useful range of colors.
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Quattron is the brand name of an LCD color display technology produced by Sharp Electronics.
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QuickDraw is the 2D graphics library and associated Application Programming Interface (API) which is a core part of the classic Apple Macintosh operating system.
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Radeon is a brand of computer products, including graphics processing units, random-access memory, RAM disk software, and solid-state drives, produced by Radeon Technologies Group, a division of Advanced Micro Devices.
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Radius was an American computer hardware firm founded in May 1986 by Burrell Smith, Andy Hertzfeld, Mike Boich, Matt Carter, Alain Rossmann and other members of the original Mac team.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics image is a dot matrix data structure representing a generally rectangular grid of pixels, or points of color, viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
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ITU-R Recommendation BT.2020, more commonly known by the abbreviations Rec. 2020 or BT.2020, defines various aspects of UHDTV such as display resolution, frame rate, chroma subsampling, bit depth, and color space.
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The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green, and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
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An RGB color space is any additive color space based on the RGB color model.
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RGBA stands for red green blue alpha.
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Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
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scRGB is a wide color gamut RGB (Red Green Blue) color space created by Microsoft and HP that uses the same color primaries and white/black points as the sRGB color space but allows coordinates below zero and greater than one.
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The Sharp Aquos is a range of LCD televisions and component screens made by Sharp Corporation of Japan.
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Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American manufacturer of high-performance computing solutions, including computer hardware and software.
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sRGB is a standard RGB color space created cooperatively by HP and Microsoft in 1996 for use on monitors, printers and the Internet.
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Super Video Graphics Array or Ultra Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA, Ultra VGA or just SVGA or UVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American electronics company that designs and makes semiconductors, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
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The Tech Report is a web site dedicated to covering personal computing technology and culture.
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In color theory, a tint is the mixture of a color with white, which increases lightness, and a shade is the mixture of a color with black, which reduces lightness.
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Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Super Hi-Vision, Ultra HD television, UltraHD, UHDTV, or UHD) includes 4K UHD (2160p) and 8K UHD (4320p), which are two digital video formats proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
A video card (also called a video adapter, display card, graphics card, graphics board, display adapter, graphics adapter or frame buffer) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
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Video Graphics Array (VGA) refers specifically to the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, but through its widespread adoption has also come to mean either an Amplitude Modulated computer display standard, the 15-pin D-subminiature VGA connector or the 640x480 resolution itself.
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Video RAM, or VRAM, is a dual-ported variant of dynamic RAM (DRAM), which was once commonly used to store the framebuffer in some graphics adapters.
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Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
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The Windows Hardware Engineering Community (WinHEC) is a series of technical conferences and workshops, where Microsoft elaborates on its hardware plans for Windows devices.
xvYCC or Extended-gamut YCC (also x.v.Color) is a color space that can be used in the video electronics of television sets to support a gamut 1.8 times as large as that of the sRGB color space.
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YCbCr, Y′CbCr, or Y Pb/Cb Pr/Cr, also written as or, is a family of color spaces used as a part of the color image pipeline in video and digital photography systems.
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The ZX Spectrum (pronounced "Zed-Ex") is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd.
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8-bit color graphics is a method of storing image information in a computer's memory or in an image file, such that each pixel is represented by one 8-bit byte.
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