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Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later in his career a conductor of his own and other American music.
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo from the womb before it can survive on its own.
Abortion in the United States has been and remains one of the most controversial issues in United States culture and politics.
Abortion-rights movements advocate for legal access to induced abortion services.
Abraham Alexander Ribicoff (April 9, 1910 – February 22, 1998) was an American Democratic Party politician.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Academia is the internationally recognized establishment of professional scholars and students, usually centered around colleges and universities, who are engaged in higher education and research.
ActBlue is a United States political action committee established in June 2004 that enables anyone to raise money on the Internet for the Democratic Party candidates of their choice.
Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change, or stasis.
The ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-325, ADAAA) is an Act of Congress, effective January 1, 2009, that amended the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and other disability nondiscrimination laws at the Federal level of the United States.
Affirmative action or positive discrimination (known as employment equity in Canada, reservation in India and Nepal, and positive action in the UK) is the policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who suffer from discrimination within a culture.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO) is a national trade union center and the largest federation of unions in the United States.
African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement, sometimes anachronistically referred to as the "African-American Civil Rights Movement" although the term "African-Americans" was not used in the 1960s, encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.
Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims – especially metaphysical and religious claims such as whether or not God, the divine or the supernatural exist – are unknown and perhaps unknowable.
Agrarianism has two common meanings.
Albert Arnold "Al" Gore, Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under President Bill Clinton.
Alfred Emanuel "Al" Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 4, 1944) was an American statesman who was elected Governor of New York four times and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928.
Alaska is a U.S. state situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent.
The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.
The American Conservative Union (ACU) is an American political organization advocating conservative policies, and is the oldest such conservative lobbying organization in the country.
The American Jewish Committee (AJC) is a Jewish ethnic advocacy group established in 1906.
American Jews, also known as Jewish Americans, are American citizens who are Jews, either by religion, ancestry, or both.
In the United States, the lower class are those at or near the lower end of the socio-economic hierarchy.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), commonly referred to as the Stimulus or The Recovery Act, was a stimulus (economics) package enacted by the 111th United States Congress in February 2009 and signed into law on February 17, 2009, by President Barack Obama.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) is a law that was enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1990.
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837).
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.
Anti-abortion or pro-life movements are involved in the abortion debate advocating against the practice of abortion and its legality.
Anti-racism includes beliefs, actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism.
The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Pub.
Arab Americans (عرب أمريكا `Arab Amrīkā) are Americans of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity, who identify themselves as Arab.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Arkansas is a state located in the Southern region of the United States.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.
pdf 107-40, codified at 115 Stat. 224 and passed as S.J.Res. 23 by the United States Congress on September 14, 2001, authorizes the use of United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the attacks on September 11, 2001.
A balanced budget (particularly that of a government) refers to a budget in which revenues are equal to expenditures.
A ballot is a device used to cast votes in an election, and may be a piece of paper or a small ball used in secret voting.
Ballot access rules, called nomination rules outside the United States, regulate the conditions under which a candidate or political party is entitled either to stand for election or to appear on voters' ballots.
The Bangor Daily News is an American newspaper covering a large portion of rural Maine, published six days per week in Bangor, Maine.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office.
The 2008 presidential campaign of Barack Obama, then junior United States Senator from Illinois, was announced at an event on February 10, 2007 in Springfield, Illinois.
Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is the junior United States Senator from California (since 1993).
Barbara Jean Lee (born July 16, 1946) is the U.S. Representative for, serving East Bay voters from 1998 to 2013 during a time when the region was designated.
Barnett "Barney" Frank (born March 31, 1940) is an American politician who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts from 1981 to 2013.
"Beautiful Day" is a song by the Irish rock band U2.
Benjamin Louis "Ben" Cardin (born October 5, 1943) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who serves as the junior United States Senator from Maryland, in office since 2007.
Benjamin Ryan Tillman (August 11, 1847 – July 3, 1918) was a politician of the Democratic Party who was Governor of South Carolina from 1890 to 1894, and a United States Senator from 1895 until his death in 1918.
Bernard "Bernie" Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician and the junior United States Senator from Vermont.
William Lacy "Bill" Clay, Sr. (born April 30, 1931) is an American politician from Missouri.
William Jefferson Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III; August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
In economics, bimetallism is a monetary standard in which the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent both to a certain quantity of gold and to a certain quantity of silver; such a system establishes a fixed rate of exchange between the two metals.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy.
Bisexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or romantic or sexual attraction to people of any sex or gender identity; this latter aspect is sometimes termed pansexuality. The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, which are each parts of the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.
The Blue Dog Coalition, commonly known as the Blue Dogs or Blue Dog Democrats, is a caucus of United States Congressional Representatives from the Democratic Party who identify themselves as conservative Democrats.
In English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labour.
The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013 is an immigration reform bill introduced by Sen.
Boston (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Bourbon Democrat was a term used in the United States from 1876 to 1904 to refer to a conservative or classical liberal member of the Democratic Party, especially one who supported Charles O'Conor in 1872, Samuel J. Tilden in 1876, President Grover Cleveland in 1884–1888/1892–1896 and Alton B. Parker in 1904.
The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, often referred to as the Brady Act and commonly called the Brady Bill,http://www.nytimes.com/1991/03/29/opinion/why-i-m-for-the-brady-bill.html is an Act of the United States Congress that mandated federal background checks on firearm purchasers in the United States, and imposed a five-day waiting period on purchases, until the NICS system was implemented in 1998.
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.
Proposition 8, known informally as Prop 8, was a California ballot proposition and a state constitutional amendment passed in the November 2008 California state elections.
Campaign finance reform is the political effort in the United States to change the involvement of money in politics, primarily in political campaigns.
In the United States of America, individuals and corporations pay U.S. federal income tax on the net total of all their capital gains just as they do on other sorts of income.
Capital punishment, death penalty or execution is punishment by death.
The United States federal government (in comparison to the separate states) applies the death penalty for crimes: treason, terrorism, espionage, federal murder, large-scale drug trafficking, and attempting to kill a witness, juror, or court officer in certain cases.
In the United States, capital punishment—also called the death penalty—is a legal sentence in 31 states and the federal civilian and military legal systems.
A carbon tax is a tax levied on the carbon content of fuels.
Carl Milton Levin (born June 28, 1934) was a United States Senator from Michigan from 1979 to 2015.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in the United States is part of the worldwide Catholic Church.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio network CBS.
The Center for American Progress (CAP) is a progressive public policy research and advocacy organization.
The centre-left or moderate left is an adherence to views leaning to the left but closer to the centre on the left-right political spectrum than other left-wing variants.
In politics, centrism or the centre is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy; while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society either strongly to the left or the right.
The Change to Win Federation (CtW) is a coalition of American labor unions originally formed in 2005 as an alternative to the AFL-CIO.
Charles Bernard "Charlie" Rangel (born June 11, 1930) is the U.S. Representative for.
Charleston is the oldest and second-largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
A charter school is a school that receives public funding but operates independently of the established public school system in which it is located.
Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States.
Chinese Americans, also known as American Chinese or Sino-Americans, are Americans of full or partial Chinese – particularly Han Chinese – descent.
Charles Ellis "Chuck" Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is the senior United States Senator from New York and a member of the Democratic Party.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations and private individuals, and which ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.
Civil libertarianism is a strain of political thought that supports civil liberties, or which emphasizes the supremacy of individual rights and personal freedoms over and against any kind of authority (such as a state, a corporation, social norms imposed through peer pressure, etc.). Civil libertarianism is not a complete ideology; rather, it is a collection of views on the specific issues of civil liberties and civil rights.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
A civil union, also referred to by a variety of other names, is a legally recognized arrangement similar to marriage.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology, a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties and political freedom with representative democracy under the rule of law and emphasizes economic freedom.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner.
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact).
College Democrats of America (CDA) is the official youth outreach arm of the Democratic Party.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was a confederation of secessionist American states existing from 1861 to 1865.
The Congressional Black Caucus is an organization representing the black members of the United States Congress.
The Congressional Hispanic Caucus (CHC) comprises 26 Democratic members of the United States Congress of Hispanic descent.
The Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC) is the largest membership organization within the Democratic Caucus in the United States Congress with 69 declared members.
Conservatism as a political and social philosophy promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Historically, the central themes in American conservatism have included respect for American traditions, support of republicanism and the rule of law, Judeo-Christian values, anti-Communism, advocacy of American exceptionalism and a defense of Western civilization from perceived threats posed by moral relativism, multiculturalism, and postmodern ridicule of traditional culture.
The conservative coalition was an unofficial Congressional coalition bringing together a conservative majority of the Republican Party and the conservative, mostly Southern, wing of the Democratic Party.
Conservative Judaism is a modern stream of the Reform movement in Judaism, which views Religious Law (Halakha) as binding, yet also regards it as subject to historical development.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Conservative Party of Canada (Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a political party in Canada.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
The Constitutional Union Party (also known as the "Bell-Everett Party" in California) was a political party in the United States created in 1860.
Consumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers as well as fair trade, competition and accurate information in the marketplace.
The Copperheads were a vocal faction of Democrats located in the Northern United States of the Union who opposed the American Civil War, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates.
Cory Anthony Booker (born April 27, 1969) is an American politician and the junior United States Senator from New Jersey, in office since 2013.
The U.S. rationale for the Iraq War has faced heavy criticism from an array of popular and official sources both inside and outside the United States.
Cuban Americans (cubano-americanos, norteamericanos de origen cubano or estadounidenses de origen cubano) are Americans who trace their national origin to Cuba; and even though they identify themselves as Cubans.
Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, as in the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.
Cultural liberalism is a liberal view of society that stresses the freedom of individuals from cultural norms.
Cultural pluralism is a term used when smaller groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities, and their values and practices are accepted by the wider culture provided they are consistent with the laws and values of the wider society.
Cybercast News Service (also known as CNSNews.com) is a conservative American news website founded by L. Brent Bozell III and owned by Media Research Center, Bozell's Reston, Virginia-based organization.
The Daily News is an American newspaper based in New York City.
Daniel Kahikina Akaka (born September 11, 1924) is an American politician who was a United States Senator from Hawaii from 1990 to 2013.
was a United States Senator from Hawaii from 1963 to 2012.
David Ross "Dave" Obey (born October 3, 1938) was the United States Representative for from 1969 to 2011.
David Nicola Cicilline (born July 15, 1961) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2011.
The David Horowitz Freedom Center, formerly the Center for the Study of Popular Culture (CSPC), is a conservative foundation founded in 1988 by political activist David Horowitz and his long-time collaborator Peter Collier.
Debbie Wasserman Schultz (born September 27, 1966) is an American politician.
The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) (and) is a United States federal law that, prior to being ruled unconstitutional, defined marriage for federal purposes as the union of one man and one woman, and allowed states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages granted under the laws of other states.
Delaware is a state located in the Northeast megalopolis region and the Northeastern region of the United States.
"Democrat Party" is a political epithet used in the United States for the Democratic Party.
The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC, spoken as the D triple-C or the D-trip) is the Democratic Hill committee for the United States House of Representatives, working to elect Democrats to that body.
The Democratic Governors Association (DGA) is a Washington, D.C. based 527 organization founded in 1983, consisting of U.S. state and territorial governors affiliated with the Democratic Party.
The Democratic Leadership Council (DLC) was a non-profit 501(c)(4) corporation founded in 1985 that, upon its formation, argued the United States Democratic Party should shift away from the leftward turn it took in the late 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s.
The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the principal organization governing the United States Democratic Party on a day-to-day basis.
The Democratic National Convention (DNC) is a series of presidential nominating conventions held every four years since 1832 by the United States Democratic Party.
This is an incomplete list of official and unofficial organizations associated with the United States Democratic Party.
The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) is the Democratic Hill committee for the United States Senate.
The Democratic-Republican Party was the American political party in the 1790s of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison formed in opposition to the centralizing policies of the new Federalist party.
Democrats Abroad is the official organization of the Democratic Party for United States citizens living permanently or temporarily abroad.
Democrats for Life of America (DFLA) is an American political advocacy nonprofit organization that seeks to elect pro-life Democrats and to promote the pro-life position within the Democratic Party regarding euthanasia, capital punishment and abortion.
Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is a former U.S. Representative from Ohio, serving from 1997 to 2013.
DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana, US, is a private, national liberal arts college and School of Music with an enrollment of approximately 2,400 students.
Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein, born Dianne Emiel Goldman (born June 22, 1933), is the senior United States Senator from California.
Richard Bruce "Dick" Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who was the 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, under President George W. Bush.
Diplomacy (from the Greek δίπλωμα, meaning making a deal with other countries) is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era deals with the efforts made by Southern states of the former Confederacy at the turn of the 20th century in the United States to prevent their black citizens from registering to vote and voting.
A dividend tax is an income tax on dividend income received by shareholders (stockholders) of a company.
The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (commonly referred to as Dodd-Frank) was signed into federal law by President Barack Obama on July 21, 2010, at the Ronald Reagan Building in Washington, DC.
A domestic partnership is an interpersonal relationship between two individuals who live together and share a common domestic life but are not married (to each other or to anyone else).
Dominican Americans (domínico-americanos, norteamericanos de origen dominicano or estadounidenses de origen dominicano) are Americans who have full or partial origin from the Dominican Republic.
"Don't ask, don't tell" (DADT) was the official United States policy on service by gays, bisexuals, and lesbians in the military instituted by the Clinton Administration on February 28, 1994, when Department of Defense Directive 1304.26 issued on December 21, 1993, took effect, lasting until September 20, 2011.
"Don't Stop" is a song by the British-American group Fleetwood Mac, written by vocalist and keyboard player Christine McVie.
The donkey or ass (Equus africanus asinus), is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae.
(born September 25, 1944) is the U.S. Representative for.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (pronounced,; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961, and the last U.S. President to have been born in the 19th century.
Economic inequality, also known as income inequality, wealth inequality, gap between rich and poor, gulf between rich and poor and contrast between rich and poor, refers to how economic metrics are distributed among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
Economic interventionism (sometimes state interventionism) is an economic policy perspective favoring government intervention in the market process to correct market failures and promote the general welfare.
Economic liberalism is the ideological belief in organizing the economy on individualist lines, meaning that the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by individuals and not by collective institutions or organizations.
Economic policy refers to the actions that governments take in the economic field.
Edward John "Ed" Markey (born July 11, 1946) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in office since 2013.
Education in the United States is provided by public schools and private schools.
Educational attainment is a term commonly used by statisticians to refer to the highest degree of education an individual has completed as defined by the US Census Bureau Glossary.
Edward Everett (April 11, 1794 – January 15, 1865) was an American politician, pastor, educator, diplomat, and orator from Massachusetts.
Egalitarianism—or, rarely, equalitarianism or equalism—is a trend of thought that favors equality for all people.
Electoral reform is change in electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results.
Elijah Eugene Cummings (born January 18, 1951) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 1996.
Elizabeth Ann Warren (née Herring; born June 22, 1949) is an American academic and politician, who is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party.
The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.
EMILY's List is an American political action committee (PAC) that aims to help elect pro-choice Democratic female candidates to office.
Emission standards are legal requirements governing air pollutants released into the atmosphere.
The Employee Free Choice Act was a legislative bill that was introduced into both chambers of the U.S. Congress on March 10, 2009.
The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) is legislation proposed in the United States Congress that would prohibit discrimination in hiring and employment on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity by employers with at least 15 employees.
Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the natural environment and humans.
Environmentalism or Environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the concerns of non-human elements.
Equal opportunity is a stipulation that all people should be treated similarly, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices or preferences, except when particular distinctions can be explicitly justified.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to assist in the protection of US employees from discrimination.
Equal pay for equal work is the concept of labor rights that individuals doing the same work should receive the same remuneration.
Equity or economic equality is the concept or idea of fairness in economics, particularly in regard to taxation or welfare economics.
Evangelicalism, Evangelical Christianity, or Evangelical Protestantism is a worldwide, transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity, maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
An election exit poll is a poll of voters taken immediately after they have exited the polling stations.
The Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 is a US Act of Congress that amended the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to gradually raise the federal minimum wage from $5.15 per hour to $7.25 per hour.
Fair trade is a social movement whose stated goal is to help producers in developing countries achieve better trading conditions and to promote sustainability.
Fanfare for the Common Man is a musical work by American composer Aaron Copland.
The Federal Assault Weapons Ban (AWB), formally titled the Public Safety and Recreational Firearms Use Protection Act, is a subsection of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, a United States federal law that included a prohibition on the manufacture for civilian use of certain semi-automatic firearms it defined as "assault weapons," as well as certain ammunition magazines it defined as "large capacity." The ten-year ban was passed by the U.S. Congress on September 13, 1994, and signed into law by President Bill Clinton the same day.
The Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA) (also referred to by proponents as the Marriage Protection Amendment) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution which would define marriage in the United States as a union of one man and one woman.
The Federalist Party was the first American political party.
Feminism is a range of movements and ideologies that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve equal political, economic, cultural, personal, and social rights for women.
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician who served as President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
Filipino Americans (Tagalog: Pilipino Amerikano) are Americans of Filipino descent and comprise about 3.4 million people, or 1.1% of the U.S. population.
In United States history in the 1850s, the Fire-Eaters were a group of extremist pro-slavery Southern Democrat politicians who urged the separation of southern states into a new nation, which became known as the Confederate States of America.
Fiscal conservatism is a politicoeconomic philosophy with regard to fiscal policy and the advocating of fiscal responsibility.
Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band formed in July 1967, in London.
Florida is a state in the southeast United States, bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida.
Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms.
A fossil-fuel power station is a power station which burns fossil fuel such as coal, natural gas or petroleum to produce electricity.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (his own pronunciation, or) (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States.
Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804October 8, 1869) was the 14th President of the United States (1853–1857).
Free migration or open immigration is the position that people should be able to migrate to whatever country they choose, free of monetary charge.
Free silver was a major policy issue in late 19th century American politics.
Free trade is a policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
FrontPage Magazine (also known as FrontPageMag.com) is an online conservative political website, edited by David Horowitz and published by the David Horowitz Freedom Center (DHFC; formerly, the Center for the Study of Popular Culture), a non-profit organization in Los Angeles, California.
Gallup, Inc., is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
Gary Faye Locke (born January 21, 1950) is an American politician.
Gay is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual.
Gender equality, also known as sex equality, gender egalitarianism, sexual equality or equality of the genders, is the view that men and women should receive equal treatment, and should not be discriminated against based on gender.
Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender.
The General Social Survey (GSS) is a sociological survey used to collect data on demographic characteristics and attitudes of residents of the United States.
Original document, single pages as PDF, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatment of war.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993, and the 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981–1989).
George Stanley McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American historian, author, U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election.
George Miller III (born May 17, 1945) is an American politician who served as a United States Representative from California from 1975 to 2015.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, and the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr.; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977.
In the process of setting electoral districts, gerrymandering is a practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries to create partisan advantaged districts.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
The government of New Mexico is the governmental structure of the state of New Mexico as established by the Constitution of New Mexico.
Government spending or expenditure includes all government consumption, investment, and transfer payments.
In the United States, the title governor refers to the chief executive of each state or insular territory, not directly subordinate to the federal authorities, but the political and ceremonial head of the state.
The Governor of Oregon is the head of the executive branch of Oregon's state government and serves as the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
A grassroots movement (often referenced in the context of a political movement) is driven by a community's politics.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the 1930s.
The Great Lakes region of North America is a bi-national Canadian-American region that includes portions of the eight U.S. states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin as well as the Canadian province of Ontario.
Following the bursting of the housing bubble in mid-2007, the United States entered a severe recession.
The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964–65.
A greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837June 24, 1908) was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States.
Gun control generally refers to laws or policies that regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, or use of firearms.
The Gun Control Act of 1968 (GCA or GCA68) is a U.S. federal law that regulates the firearms industry and firearms owners.
Gun politics is a controversial area of American politics that is primarily defined by the actions of two groups: gun control and gun rights activists.
Hamas (حماس, an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Islamic Resistance Movement) is a Palestinian Islamic.
"Happy Days Are Here Again" is a song copyrighted in 1929 by Milton Ager (music) and Jack Yellen (lyrics) and published by EMI Robbins Catalog, Inc./Advanced Music Corp.
Harper's Magazine (also called Harper's) is a monthly magazine of literature, politics, culture, finance, and the arts.
Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is an American politician, and senior United States Senator from Nevada, having served since 1987.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884December 26, 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945–53).
Harvey Bernard Milk (May 22, 1930 – November 27, 1978) was an American politician who became the first openly gay person to be elected to public office in California when he won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
In both crime and law, hate crime (also known as bias-motivated crime) is a usually violent, prejudice motivated crime that occurs when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her perceived membership in a certain social group.
Hawaii (locally,; Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent U.S. state to join the United States, having joined on August 21, 1959.
The Head Start Program is a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides comprehensive early childhood education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families.
Health care or healthcare is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Health insurance is insurance against the risk of incurring medical expenses among individuals.
Henry Barbosa González (born Enrique Barbosa González; May 3, 1916 – November 28, 2000) was a Democratic politician from the state of Texas.
Henry Clay, Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was an American lawyer, politician, and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives.
Henry Arnold Waxman (born September 12, 1939) is an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative for from 1975 until 2015.
Herbert H. "Herb" Kohl (born February 7, 1935) is an American businessman and politician.
Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States (1929–1933).
Herschel Vespasian Johnson (September 18, 1812August 16, 1880) was an American politician.
Higher education, post-secondary education, tertiary education or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician who served as the 67th United States Secretary of State under President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2013.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (hispanos, latinos) are Americans descending from the countries of Latin America and Iberia.
This is a history of laws concerning immigration and naturalization in the United States.
The Republican Party, also commonly called the GOP (for "Grand Old Party"), is one of the world's oldest political parties still in existence, the second oldest existing political party in the United States after its great rival, the Democratic Party.
Homeland security is an American umbrella term for "the concerted national effort to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards where American interests, aspirations, and ways of life can thrive to the national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce the vulnerability of the U.S. to terrorism, and minimize the damage from attacks that do occur." Homeland security is not constrained to terrorist incidents.
Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician who served as the 79th Governor of Vermont from 1991 to 2003 and Chairman of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) from 2005 to 2009.
Howard Morton Metzenbaum (June 4, 1917March 12, 2008) was an American politician who served for almost 20 years as a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from Ohio (1974, 1976–1995).
The humanities are academic disciplines that study human culture.
Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States.
Illegal immigration to the United States is the act by foreign nationals violating United States immigration laws by either entering the country without government permission (i.e., a visa) or once lawfully entering, remaining within the country beyond the termination date of a temporary visa.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern United States.
The Illinois Senate career of Barack Obama began in with the 1997 swearing in of Obama to his first term in the Illinois Senate and ended with his 2004 election to the United States Senate.
Imperialism is a type of advocacy of empire.
Income in the United States is measured by the United States Department of Commerce either by household or individual.
Income inequality in the United States has increased significantly since the 1970s after several decades of stability, meaning the share of the nation's income received by higher income households has increased.
An independent voter, often called an unaffiliated voter in the United States, is a voter who does not align him or herself with a political party.
The Industrial Policy plan of a country, sometimes shortened IP, is its official strategic effort to encourage the development and growth of the manufacturing sector as well as other sectors of the economy.
Infrastructure refers to the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories, which could involve the activities of the government and individual.
Internationalism may refer to.
Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations and peoples.
Internet censorship is the control or suppression of what can be accessed, published, or viewed on the Internet.
Interventionism is a term for a policy of non-defensive (proactive) activity undertaken by a nation-state, or other geo-political jurisdiction of a lesser or greater nature, to manipulate an economy or society.
Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.
Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.
The Iraq Resolution or the Iraq War Resolution (formally the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002, (pdf)) is a joint resolution passed by the United States Congress in October 2002 as Public Law No: 107-243, authorizing military action against Iraq.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, Gulf War II, and Gulf War 2.
In the context of the Iraq War, the surge refers to United States President George W. Bush's 2007 increase in the number of American troops in order to provide security to Baghdad and Al Anbar Province.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence of religion, an indifference towards religion, a rejection of religion, or hostility towards religion.
Encompassing at least agnosticism, atheism, deism, secular humanism, and general secularism, Americans without a religious affiliation represent about 20% or more of the population.
Islam is the fourth-largest faith in the United States, after Christianity, Judaism and Buddhism.
Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.
Jacksonian democracy is the political movement during the Second Party System toward greater democracy for the common man symbolized by American politician Andrew Jackson and his supporters.
James Buchanan, Jr. (April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was the 15th President of the United States (1857–1861), serving immediately prior to the American Civil War.
James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was the 11th President of the United States (1845–1849).
James Madison, Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, political theorist, and the fourth President of the United States (1809–17).
James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825).
Jared Schutz Polis (born May 12, 1975) is an American politician, entrepreneur, and philanthropist.
Jefferson–Jackson Day is the annual fundraising celebration (dinner) held by Democratic Party organizations in the United States.
Jennifer Rubin is an American neoconservative columnist and a blogger for The Washington Post.
James Enos "Jim" Clyburn (born July 21, 1940) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 1993, and the Assistant Democratic Leader since 2011.
James Adelbert "Jim" McDermott (born December 28, 1936) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 1989.
James Earl Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician and author who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden, Jr.
Joseph Isadore "Joe" Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is an American politician and former United States Senator from Connecticut.
John Bell (February 18, 1796September 10, 1869) was an American politician, attorney, and planter.
John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was a lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Kentucky.
John James Conyers, Jr. (born May 16, 1929) is the U.S. Representative for, serving in Congress since 1965 (the district was numbered as the 1st District until 1993, and as the 14th district from 1993 to 2013).
John David Dingell, Jr. (born July 8, 1926) is an American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives from December 13, 1955, until January 3, 2015.
Johnny Reid "John" Edwards (born June 10, 1953) is an American politician, who served as a U.S. Senator from North Carolina.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (JFK), (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who is the 68th and current United States Secretary of State.
John Robert Lewis (born February 21, 1940) is an American politician and civil rights leader.
John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is the senior United States Senator from Arizona.
John Zogby (born 1948) founder of the "Zogby Poll" and the Zogby companies, is an American public opinion pollster, author, and public speaker.
Joseph "Joe" Lane (December 14, 1801 – April 19, 1881) was an American politician and soldier.
Judy May Chu (born July 7, 1953) is an American politician, and also the first Chinese American woman elected to the U.S. Congress.
The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing white male settlers in those territories to determine through popular sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.
Keith Maurice Ellison (born August 4, 1963) has been the U.S. Representative for since 2007.
Kennedy v. Louisiana,, was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States that held that the Eighth Amendment's Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause did not permit a state to punish the crime of rape of a child with the death penalty; more broadly, the power of the state to impose the death penalty against an individual for committing a crime that did not result in the death of the victim is now limited to crimes against the state (e.g., espionage, treason).
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Keynesian economics (or Keynesianism) is the view that in the short run, especially during recessions, economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total spending in the economy).
Korean Americans (Korean: 한국계 미국인, Hanja: 韓國系美國人, Hangukgye Migukin) are Americans of Korean heritage or descent, mostly from South Korea, with a small minority from North Korea.
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), or simply "the Klan", is the name of three distinct past and present movements in the United States that have advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through terrorism of groups or individuals they opposed.
Labor rights or workers' rights are a group of legal rights and claimed human rights having to do with labor relations between workers and their employers, usually obtained under labor and employment law.
Labor unions are legally recognized as representatives of workers in many industries in the United States.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Laissez-faire is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government interference such as regulations, privileges, tariffs, and subsidies.
The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area located in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada.
Late Show with David Letterman is an American late-night talk show hosted by David Letterman on CBS, the first iteration of the ''Late Show'' franchise.
The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was established on February 17, 1929, in Corpus Christi, Texas, largely by Hispanic veterans of World War I who sought to end ethnic discrimination in the United States.
Left-wing politics are political positions or activities that accept or support social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality.
A lesbian is a female homosexual: a female who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction to other females.
The LGBT Equality Caucus formation was announced on June 4, 2008, by openly gay representatives Tammy Baldwin and Barney Frank.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in the United States have evolved over time and vary on a jursidction-by-jurisdiction basis.
The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.
Liberalism in the United States is a broad political philosophy centered on the unalienable rights of the individual.
The Libertarian Party (LP) is a libertarian political party in the United States that promotes civil liberties, free markets, non-interventionism, and laissez-faire.
Libertarianism (liber, "free") is a political philosophy that upholds liberty as its principal objective.
The Liberty Bell is an iconic symbol of American independence, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
This is a list of selected petroleum (crude oil) exploration and production companies (petroleum industry) in alphabetical order.
This is a list of the official state and territorial party organizations of the Democratic Party.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the modern Democratic Party of the United States.
Each state in the United States has a legislature as part of its form of civil government.
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.
The Los Angeles Times, commonly referred to as the Times, is a paid daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881.
Louisiana (or; État de Louisiane,; Louisiana Creole: Léta de la Lwizyàn) is a state located in the southern region of the United States.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–1963).
A major party is a political party that holds substantial influence in a country's politics, standing in contrast to a minor party.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.
Market socialism is a type of economic system involving the public, cooperative, or social ownership of the means of production in the framework of a market economy.
Jonas Martin Frost III (born January 1, 1942) is an American politician, who was the Democratic representative to the U.S. House of Representatives for Texas's 24th congressional district from 1979 to 2005.
Martin Van Buren (Maarten van Buren; December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862) was an American politician who served as the eighth President of the United States (1837–1841).
Mary Loretta Landrieu (born November 23, 1955) is an American politician and former U.S. Senator from the state of Louisiana.
Maryland is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
In marketing and financial services, mass affluent and emerging affluent are the high end of the mass market, or individuals with US$100,000 to US$1,000,000 of liquid financial assets, or consumers with an annual household income over US$75,000.
Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Maxine Moore Waters (née Carr; born August 15, 1938) is the U.S. Representative for, and previously the 35th and 29th districts, serving since 1991.
is an American politician and the junior United States Senator from Hawaii, in office since 2013.
Medicaid in the United States is a social health care program for families and individuals with low income and limited resources.
A medical school is a tertiary educational institution—or part of such an institution—that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons.
In the United States, Medicare is a national social insurance program, administered by the U.S. federal government since 1966, currently using about 30 private insurance companies across the United States.
Mexican Americans (mexico-americanos or estadounidenses de origen mexicano) are Americans of full or partial Mexican descent.
Miami is a city located on the Atlantic coast in southeastern Florida and the county seat of Miami-Dade County.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States of America generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
A midterm election refers to a type of election where the people can elect their representatives in the middle of the term of the executive or of another set of members.
Michael Makoto "Mike" Honda (本田実; born June 27, 1941) is an American politician.
A minimum wage is the lowest daily or monthly remuneration that employers may legally pay to workers.
The minimum wage in the United States is set by a network of federal, state, and local statutes.
Minnesota (locally) is a state in the Midwestern United States.
Minority rights are the normal individual rights as applied to members of racial, ethnic, class, religious, linguistic or sexual minorities; and also the collective rights accorded to minority groups.
A miscarriage of justice primarily is the conviction and punishment of a person for a crime they did not commit.
Missouri (see pronunciations) is a state located in the Midwestern United States.
A mixed economy is variously defined as an economic system consisting of a mixture of either markets and economic planning, public ownership and private ownership, or free markets and economic interventionism.
Modern American liberalism is the dominant version of liberalism in the United States.
Montana is a state in the Western United States.
Mother Jones (abbreviated MoJo) is an American magazine featuring investigative and breaking news reporting on politics, the environment, human rights, and culture.
Multiculturalism describes the existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an ethnic group.
Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is the Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives and served as the 60th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 2007 to 2011.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 by Moorfield Storey, Mary White Ovington and W. E. B. Du Bois.
The National Conference of Democratic Mayors is the representative body of city mayors in the United States affiliated to the Democratic Party, in the same way that the Democratic Governors Association represents state governors within the party.
The National Council of La Raza (NCLR) is America's largest Latino advocacy organization.
The National Education Association (NEA) is the largest labor union in the United States.
This national electoral calendar for the year 2012 lists the national/federal direct elections held in 2012 in the de jure and de facto sovereign states and their dependent territories.
The National Federation of Democratic Women was established in 1971 as a means of supporting women’s voices within the Democratic Party.
National health insurance (NHI) – sometimes called statutory health insurance (SHI) – is a legally enforced scheme of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of health care.
National Journal is an American magazine that reports on the current political environment and emerging political and policy trends.
The National Organization for Women (NOW) is an American feminist organization founded in 1966.
National security is a concept that a government, along with its parliaments, should protect the state and its citizens against all kind of "national" crises through a variety of power projections, such as political power, diplomacy, economic power, military might, and so on.
National Stonewall Democrats is a Washington-based LGBT rights group affiliated with the Democratic Party.
A national trade union center is a federation or confederation of trade unions in a single country.
The National Union Party was the name used by the Republican Party for the national ticket in the 1864 presidential election, held during the Civil War.
In the United States, Native Americans are considered to be people whose pre-Columbian ancestors were indigenous to the lands within the nation's modern boundaries.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
NBCNews.com, formerly known as msnbc.com, is a news website owned and operated by NBCUniversal as the online arm of NBC News.
Net neutrality (also network neutrality, Internet neutrality, or net equality) is the principle that Internet service providers and governments should treat all data on the Internet the same, not discriminating or charging differentially by user, content, site, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or mode of communication.
In the United States, net neutrality has been an issue of contention among network users and access providers since the 1990s.
Nevada is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States.
The New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later.
The New Deal coalition was the alignment of interest groups and voting blocs in the United States that supported the New Deal and voted for Democratic presidential candidates from 1932 until the late 1960s.
The New Democrat Coalition is a Congressional Member Organization within the United States Congress made up of Democrats who support an agenda that the organization describes as moderate and pro-growth.
New Democrats, in the United States politics, was an ideologically centrist faction within the Democratic Party that emerged after the victory of Republican George H. W. Bush in the 1988 presidential election.
New England is a region which comprises six states of the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States.
The New Left was a political movement in the 1960s and 1970s consisting of educators, agitators and others who sought to implement a broad range of reforms on issues such as gay rights, abortion, gender roles, and drugs,Carmines, Edward G., and Geoffrey C. Layman.
New Mexico (Nuevo México; Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state located in the southwestern and western regions of the United States, admitted to the union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912.
New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
Newser is a news aggregation website based in the United States.
Newsweek is an American weekly news magazine founded in 1933.
Nick Joe Rahall II (born May 20, 1949) is an American former politician and member of the Democratic Party who served as a U.S. Representative from West Virginia from 1977 to 2015.
The Ninth Amendment (Amendment IX) to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, addresses rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
A non-binding resolution is a written motion adopted by a deliberative body that cannot progress into a law.
Norman Yoshio Mineta (峯田 良雄, Mineta Yoshio; born November 12, 1931), is an American politician.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; French: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
North Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States.
North Dakota (locally) is the 39th state of the United States, having been admitted to the union on November 2, 1889.
The Northeastern United States, or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bounded to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
National Public Radio (NPR) is a privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization that serves as a national syndicator to a network of 900 public radio stations in the United States.
The NSA warrantless surveillance controversy ("warrantless wiretapping") concerns surveillance of persons within the United States during the collection of allegedly foreign intelligence by the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) as part of the touted war on terror.
Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) is the official name used by the government of the United States of America to describe the Global War on Terrorism.
Orthodox Judaism is the approach to religious Judaism which subscribes to a tradition of mass revelation and adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah as legislated in the Talmudic texts by the Tanaim and Amoraim.
The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.
The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 ((HTML); *, from the U.S. Government Printing Office (PDF) PBA Ban) is a United States law prohibiting a form of late-term abortion that the Act calls "partial-birth abortion", referred to in medical literature as intact dilation and extraction.
Party leaders and whips of the United States House of Representatives are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus by secret ballot and are also known as floor leaders.
The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders are two United States Senators who are elected by the party caucuses that hold the majority and the minority respectively.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), commonly called the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or colloquially Obamacare, is a United States federal statute signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010.
The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001.
Patricia Lynn "Patty" Murray (née Johns; October 11, 1950) is the senior United States Senator from Washington and a member of the Democratic Party.
Paul Allen Wood Shaffer, CM (born November 28, 1949) is a Canadian-American singer, actor, voice actor, author, comedian, and multi-instrumentalist who served as David Letterman's musical director, band leader and sidekick on the entire run of both Late Night with David Letterman (1982–1993) and Late Show with David Letterman (1993–2015).
Paul David Wellstone (July 21, 1944 – October 25, 2002) was an American academic and politician who represented Minnesota in the United States Senate from 1991 until he was killed in a plane crash in Eveleth, Minnesota in 2002.
PAYGO is the practice in the United States of financing expenditures with funds that are currently available rather than borrowed.
A Pell Grant is money the U.S. federal government provides for students who need it to pay for college.
Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a U.S. state located in the North and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States and the Great Lakes region.
Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
Fortney Hillman "Pete" Stark, Jr. (born November 11, 1931) is an American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1973 to 2013.
Peter Elliott Shumlin (born March 24, 1956) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who serves as the 81st and current Governor of Vermont and has served as chair of the Democratic Governors Association since December 2012.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank based in Washington, D.C., that provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and the fifth-most-populous in the United States.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992) was a case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in which the constitutionality of several Pennsylvania state statutory provisions regarding abortion were challenged.
Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain.
A political faction is a group of individuals, such as a political party, a trade union, or other group with a common political purpose.
A political organization is any entity that is involved in the political process.
This article presents the historical development and role of political parties in United States politics, and outlines more extensively the significant modern political parties.
Political party strength in U.S. states refers to the level of representation of the various political parties of the U.S. in each state-wide elective office providing legislators to the state and to the U.S. Congress and electing the executives at the state (U.S. state governor) and national (U.S. President) level.
Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity and political behavior.
Politico is a political journalism organization based in Arlington County, Virginia, that covers the issues, ideas and personalities behind politics and policy in the United States and in the global arena.
The United States is a federal constitutional republic, in which the President of the United States (the head of state and head of government), Congress, and judiciary share powers reserved to the national government, and the federal government shares sovereignty with the state governments.
Positive liberty is the possession of the power and resources to fulfill one's own potential as opposed to negative liberty, which is freedom from external restraint.
Postgraduate education (or graduate education in North America) involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
The United States Presidency of Bill Clinton, also known as the Clinton administration, was the executive branch of the federal government of the United States from January 20, 1993 to January 20, 2001.
The presidency of George W. Bush began on January 20, 2001, when he was inaugurated as the 43rd President of the United States of America.
The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
Privacy (or; from privatus) is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
Privacy law refers to the laws which deal with the regulation of personal information about individuals which can be collected by governments and other public as well as private organizations and its storage and use.
ProCon.org is a non-profit charitable organization headquartered in Santa Monica, California in the United States.
Productive and unproductive labour were concepts used in classical political economy mainly in the 18th and 19th century, which survive today to some extent in modern management discussions, economic sociology and Marxist or Marxian economic analysis.
The Progressive Democrats of America (PDA) is a progressive political organization and grassroots political action committee operating inside and outside the United States Democratic Party.
A progressive tax is a tax in which the tax rate increases as the taxable amount increases.
Progressivism is a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition.
Progressivism in the United States is a broadly based reform movement that reached its height early in the 20th century and is generally considered to be middle class and reformist in nature.
Protectionism is the economic policy of restraining trade between states (countries) through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, restrictive quotas, and a variety of other government regulations designed to allow (according to proponents) fair competition between imports and goods and services produced domestically.
Public housing in the United States is administered by federal, state and local agencies to provide subsidized assistance for low-income households.
Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
A Puerto Rican American (puertorriqueño-americano, puertorriqueño-estadounidense), or Stateside Puerto Rican, is a seldom used term for a resident of the United States who was "born in Puerto Rico or who traces their family ancestry to Puerto Rico." Puerto Ricans, either born in the island or in the states, are American citizens.
Raúl Manuel Grijalva (born February 19, 1948) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2003.
Racial equality is an equal regard to all races.
Rahm Israel Emanuel (born November 29, 1959) is an American politician who serves as the 55th Mayor of Chicago.
The term Reconstruction Era, in the context of the history of the United States, has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of state and society.
Red states and blue states refer to those states of the United States whose residents predominantly vote for the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
In United States history, the Redeemers were a white political coalition in the Southern United States during the Reconstruction era that followed the Civil War.
The term Reform Judaism is today used for a confessional division within Judaism, especially in North America and the United Kingdom.
A regulation is a legal norm intended to shape conduct that is a byproduct of imperfection.
Renewable energy is generally defined as energy that comes from resources which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
Reproductive rights are legal rights and freedoms relating to reproduction and reproductive health.
The Republican Party, commonly referred to as GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The Republican Revolution, Revolution of '94 or Gingrich Revolution refers to the Republican Party (GOP) success in the 1994 U.S. midterm elections, which resulted in a net gain of 54 seats in the House of Representatives, and a pickup of eight seats in the Senate.
Republicanism is the guiding political philosophy of the United States.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in Canary Wharf, London, England, United Kingdom and a division of Thomson Reuters.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974 when he became the only U.S. president to resign the office.
Right-wing politics are political positions or activities that view some forms of social stratification or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable,J.
Roe v. Wade,, is a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician, commentator, and actor, who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American businessman best known for being an independent presidential candidate in 1992 and the Reform party presidential candidate in 1996.
Russell Dana "Russ" Feingold (born March 2, 1953) is a lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Salon is a liberal, progressive news website created by David Talbot in 1995 and part of Salon Media Group.
Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is marriage between people of the same sex, either as a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting.
In the United States, same-sex marriage has been legal nationwide since June 26, 2015, when the United States Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that state-level bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional.
Same-sex unions in the United States are available in various forms in all states and territories, except American Samoa.
Samuel Jones Tilden (February 9, 1814 – August 4, 1886) was the 25th Governor of New York and the Democratic candidate for the U.S. Presidency in the disputed election of 1876, winning a popular vote majority, but ultimately being denied victory by the electoral college.
Schenectady County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York.
A scientist, in a broad sense, is a person engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge.
The Secular Coalition for America is an advocacy group located in Washington D.C..
Secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institutions and religious dignitaries.
The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11)9/11 is pronounced "nine eleven".
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
LGBT personnel are able to serve in the armed forces of some countries around the world: the vast majority of industrialized, Western countries, in addition to Brazil, Chile, South Africa, Israel, and South Korea.
Sherrod Campbell Brown (born November 9, 1952) is the senior United States Senator from Ohio, in office since January 3, 2007.
Single-payer health care is a system in which the government, rather than private insurers, pays for all health care costs.
Slate is an English-language online current affairs and culture magazine in the United States created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley, initially under the ownership of Microsoft as part of MSN.
Social class in the United States is a controversial issue, having many competing definitions, models, and even disagreements over its very existence.
Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, often including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights, and equal access to social goods and services.
A social issue (also called a social problem or a social illness or even a social conflict) refers to an issue that influences and is opposed by a considerable number of individuals within a society.
Social justice is "justice in terms of the distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society".
Social liberalism is a political ideology that seeks to find a balance between individual liberty and social justice.
Social programs in the United States are welfare subsidies designed to aid the needs of the U.S.A. population.
The social safety net is a term used to describe a collection of services provided by the state or other institutions such as friendly societies, including welfare, unemployment benefit, universal healthcare, homeless shelters, and sometimes subsidized services such as public transport, which prevent individuals from falling into poverty beyond a certain level.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
In the United States, Social Security is primarily the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) federal program.
Social stigma is the extreme disapproval of (or discontent with) a person or group on socially characteristic grounds that are perceived, and serve to distinguish them, from other members of a society.
Sodomy laws in the United States, which outlawed a variety of sexual acts, were historically universal.
The Solid South or Southern bloc was the electoral voting bloc of the Southern United States states for issues that were regarded as particularly important to the interests of white Democrats in the Southern states.
South Capitol Street is a major street dividing the southeast and southwest quadrants of Washington, D.C., in the United States.
South Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
South Dakota (locally) is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Southeastern United States is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States.
Southern Democrats are members of the U.S. Democratic Party who reside in the American South.
In American politics, the Southern strategy refers to a Republican Party strategy of gaining political support for certain candidates in the Southern United States by appealing to racism against African Americans.
The Southwestern United States (also known as the American Southwest) is the United States portion of the Southwest (which is situated in both the United States and Mexico).
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
The term special relationship, in diplomacy, is used to describe exceptionally strong ties between nations, notably by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe relations between the English-speaking people (see Special Relationship).
Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area.
A standardized test is a test that is administered and scored in a consistent, or "standard", manner.
A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states.
State schools (also known as public schools, though not in EnglandIn England, some independent schools for 13-18 year-olds are known for historical reasons as 'public schools'.) generally refer to primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation.
In American political discourse, states' rights refers to political powers reserved for the U.S. state governments rather than the federal government according to the United States Constitution, reflecting especially the enumerated powers of Congress and the Tenth Amendment.
The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; French: La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.
Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide (through mitosis) to produce more stem cells.
Stephanie C. Rawlings-Blake (born March 17, 1970) is an American politician and the 49th and current mayor of Baltimore, Maryland.
Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861) was an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.
Stephen Clark "Steve" Bullock (born April 11, 1966) is an American politician who is the 24th Governor of Montana.
Steve Inskeep (born June 16, 1968) is one of the current hosts of Morning Edition on National Public Radio.
Steven J. "Steve" Israel (born May 30, 1958) is the United States Representative for, serving in the United States Congress since 2001.
A student loan is designed to help students pay for university tuition, books, and living expenses.
Student loans in the United States are a form of financial aid that usually must be repaid, in contrast to other forms of financial aid such as scholarships, which never have to be repaid, and grants, which only rarely have to be repaid.
According to its website, Students for Academic Freedom is "a clearing house and communications center for a national coalition of student organizations whose goal is to end the political abuse of the university and to restore integrity to the academic mission as a disinterested pursuit of knowledge." SAF is an offshoot of the Center for the Study of Popular Culture (since renamed the David Horowitz Freedom Center), a conservative political organization.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
In presidential politics of the United States, a swing state (also, battleground state or purple state (in reference to red states and blue states)) is a state in which no single candidate or party has overwhelming support in securing that state's electoral college votes.
Taiwanese Americans are Americans of Taiwanese descent.
Tammy Suzanne Green Baldwin (born February 11, 1962) is the junior United States Senator from Wisconsin and a member of the Democratic Party.
Tax deduction is a reduction of income that is able to be taxed, and is commonly a result of expenses, particularly those incurred to produce additional income.
A teacher (also called a school teacher) is a person who provides education for students.
Tennessee (ᏔᎾᏏ, Tanasi) is a U.S. state located in the Southeastern United States.
Terrorism is any act designed to cause terror.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second most populous and second largest state of the United States of America.
The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964.
The Boston Globe is an American daily newspaper based in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, a successor to William Lloyd Garrison's The Liberator.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper.
The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper based in Norfolk, Virginia.
The Washington Post is an American daily newspaper.
In politics, the Third Way is a position that tries to reconcile right-wing and left-wing politics by advocating a varying synthesis of right-wing economic and left-wing social policies.
Third Way is a Washington, D.C.-based public policy think tank founded in 2005 by former staffers who worked in the Clinton administration.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13 [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801–1809).
Thomas Nast (September 27, 1840 – December 7, 1902) was a German-born American caricaturist and editorial cartoonist considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon".
Torture is the act of deliberately inflicting severe physical or psychological pain and possibly injury to an organism, usually to one who is physically restrained or otherwise under the torturer's control or custody and unable to defend against what is being done to him or her.
Torture and the United States includes documented and alleged cases of torture both inside and outside the United States by members of the U.S. government, the U.S. military, U.S. law enforcement agencies, and U.S. health care services.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, period total fertility rate (PTFR) or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
A trade union (British EnglishAustralian EnglishNew Zealand EnglishSouth African English / Caribbean English; also trades union), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.
Transgender people experience a mismatch between their gender identity or gender expression and their assigned sex.
TruthRevolt is a politically conservative media watchdog and activist group founded by conservative commentators Ben Shapiro and David Horowitz of the David Horowitz Freedom Center as a counterpoint to the politically progressive Media Matters for America.
Tuition payments, usually known as tuition in American English and as tuition fees in Commonwealth English, are fees charged for instruction during higher education.
A two-party system is a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government.
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007
The U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007,, is an emergency appropriations act passed by the 110th United States Congress that provides funding for the Iraq War through September 30, 2007.
U2 are an Irish rock band from Dublin.
Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–77).
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
The United States Armed Forces are the federal military forces of the United States.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The 2006 United States midterm elections were held on Tuesday, November 7, 2006.
The 2010 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 2, 2010.
General elections in the United States were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014, and other elections were being held throughout the year.
The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress (a bicameral legislature).
The U.S. House election, 1950 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1950 which occurred in the middle of President Harry Truman's second term.
The U.S. House election, 1952 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1952 which coincided with the election of President Dwight Eisenhower.
The U.S. House election, 1954 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1954 which occurred in the middle of President Dwight Eisenhower's first term.
The U.S. House election, 1956 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1956 which coincided with the re-election of President Dwight Eisenhower.
The U.S. House election, 1958 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1958 which occurred in the middle of Dwight Eisenhower's second term.
The U.S. House election, 1960 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1960 which coincided with the election of President John F. Kennedy and was the first house election to feature all 50 U.S. states.
The U.S. House election, 1962 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1962, which occurred in the middle of President John F. Kennedy's term.
The U.S. House election, 1964 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1964 which coincided with the election of President Lyndon Johnson.
The U.S. House election, 1966 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1966 which occurred in the middle of President Lyndon Johnson's second term.
The U.S. House elections, 1968 were elections for the United States House of Representatives in 1968 which coincided with Richard M. Nixon's election as President.
The U.S. House election, 1970 was an election for the United States House of Representatives held on November 3, 1970, in the middle of President Richard M. Nixon's first term.
The U.S. House election, 1972 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1972 which coincided with the landslide reelection victory of President Richard M. Nixon.
The U.S. House election, 1974 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1974 that occurred in the wake of the Watergate scandal, which had forced President Richard Nixon to resign in favor of Gerald Ford.
The U.S. House election, 1976 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1976 which coincided with Jimmy Carter's election as President.
The U.S. House election, 1978 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1978 which occurred in the middle of President Jimmy Carter's term, when the country was going through an energy crisis and facing rapid inflation.
The U.S. House election, 1980 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1980 which coincided with the election of Ronald Reagan as President.
The U.S. House election, 1982 was an election for the United States House of Representatives held on November 2, 1982, in the middle of President Ronald Reagan's first term, whose popularity was sinking due to economic conditions under the 1982 recession.
The U.S. House election, 1984 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1984 which coincided with the re-election of President Ronald Reagan in a landslide.
The United States House of Representatives election, 1986 was held on November 4, 1986, in the middle of President Ronald Reagan's second term in office.
The U.S. House election, 1988 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1988 which coincided with the election of George H. W. Bush as President.
The U.S. House election, 1990 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1990 which occurred in the middle of President George H. W. Bush's term.
The United States House of Representatives elections in 1992 coincided with the 1992 presidential election, in which Democrats Bill Clinton and Al Gore were elected as President and Vice President, respectively, defeating Republican incumbent President George H. W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle.
The 1994 U.S. House of Representatives election (also known as the Republican Revolution) was held on November 8, 1994, in the middle of President Bill Clinton's first term.
The U.S. House election, 1996 was an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 5, 1996, which coincided with the re-election of Bill Clinton as President of the United States.
The U.S. House elections in 1998 were part of the midterm elections held during President Bill Clinton's second term.
The elections for the United States House of Representatives in 2000 coincided with the election of George W. Bush as President.
The Elections for the United States House of Representatives on 5 November 2002 was in the middle of President George W. Bush's first term.
Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 109th Congress were held on November 2, 2004.
The 2006 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 7, 2006 to elect members to the United States House of Representatives.
The 2008 U.S. House of Representatives elections were held on November 4, 2008, to elect members to the United States House of Representatives to serve in the 111th United States Congress from January 3, 2009 until January 3, 2011.
# The 2010 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 2, 2010, as part of the 2010 midterm elections (along with Senate elections), at the midpoint of President Barack Obama's first term in office.
The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012.
The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 4, 2014.
The United States National Health Care Act, or the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act, is a bill introduced in the United States House of Representatives by Representative John Conyers (D-MI).
The election of the President and the Vice President of the United States is an indirect vote in which citizens cast ballots for a slate of members of the U.S. Electoral College; these electors in turn directly elect the President and Vice President.
The United States presidential election of 1800 was the 4th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1864 was the 20th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1864.
The United States presidential election of 1912 was the 32nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1912.
The United States presidential election of 1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2004 was the 55th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial presidential election.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the U.S. House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
The United States Senate election of 1950 occurred in the middle of Harry Truman's second term as President.
The U.S. Senate election, 1952 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with the election of Dwight D. Eisenhower to the presidency by a large margin.
The U.S. Senate election of 1954 was a midterm election in the first term of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency.
The U.S. Senate election, 1956 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with the re-election of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The U.S. Senate election, 1958 was an election for the United States Senate which occurred in the middle of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's second term.
The U.S. Senate elections of 1960 coincided with the election of John F. Kennedy as president.
The U.S. Senate election, 1962 was an election for the United States Senate which was held in the middle of President John F. Kennedy's term.
The United States Senate election in 1964 coincided with the election of President Lyndon B. Johnson by an overwhelming majority, to a full term.
The U.S. Senate election, 1966 was an election on November 8, 1966 for the United States Senate which occurred midway through the second and first full term of President Lyndon Johnson.
The 1968 United States Senate elections were elections for the United States Senate which coincided with the 1968 presidential election.
The 1970 United States Senate election was an election for the United States Senate, taking place in the middle of Richard Nixon's first term as President.
The 1972 United States Senate election was an election for the United States Senate coinciding with the landslide reelection of Republican Richard Nixon.
The U.S. Senate elections of 1974 were held in the wake of the Watergate scandal, Richard M. Nixon's resignation from the presidency, and Gerald Ford's subsequent pardon of Nixon.
The United States Senate election, 1976 was an election for the United States Senate that coincided with Democratic Jimmy Carter's election to the presidency and the United States Bicentennial celebration.
The United States Senate election of 1978 in the middle of Democratic President Jimmy Carter's term.
The 1980 U.S. Senate elections coincided with Ronald Reagan's victory in the presidential election.
The United States Senate election of November 2, 1982 was an election for the United States Senate following Republican gains in 1980.
The 1984 United States Senate elections coincided with the landslide re-election of President Ronald Reagan in the 1984 presidential election.
The U.S. Senate election, 1986 was an election for the United States Senate in the middle of Ronald Reagan's second presidential term.
The United States Senate election, of November 8, 1988 was an election for the United States Senate in which, in spite of the Republican victory by George H. W. Bush in the presidential election, the Democrats gained a net of one seat in the Senate.
Elections to one-third of the seats in the United States Senate were held on Tuesday, November 6, 1990.
The 1992 United States Senate election was an election for the United States Senate that coincided with the victory of Bill Clinton in the presidential election.
The U.S. Senate election, 1994 was an election held on November 8, 1994, in which the Republican Party was able to take control of the Senate from the Democrats.
The 1996 elections to the United States Senate coincided with the 1996 presidential election, in which Democrats Bill Clinton and Al Gore were reelected President and Vice President of the United States, respectively.
The U.S. Senate election, 1998 was a roughly even contest between the Republican and Democratic parties.
The 2000 United States Senate election was held on November 7, 2000.
The 2002 United States Senate election featured a series of fiercely contested elections that resulted in a victory for the Republican Party, which gained two seats and thus a narrow majority from the Democratic Party in the United States Senate.
The United States Senate election, 2004 was an election for one-third of the seats in the United States Senate which coincided with the re-election of George W. Bush as president and the United States House election, as well as many state and local elections.
Elections for the United States Senate were held on November 7, 2006, with all 33 Class 1 Senate seats being contested.
Elections for the United States Senate were held on November 4, 2008, with 35 of the 100 seats in the Senate being contested.
Elections to the United States Senate were held on November 2, 2010, for 37 of the United States Senate's 100 seats.
Elections to the United States Senate were held on November 6, 2012, with 33 of the 100 seats in the Senate being contested in regular elections whose winners will serve six-year terms beginning January 3, 2013 with the 113th Congress.
Elections to the United States Senate were a part of the elections held in the United States on November 4, 2014 (and in some areas for a period of time ending November 4, 2014).
Universal health care, sometimes referred to as universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care, usually refers to a health care system which provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.
Universal preschool is an international movement to use public funding to ensure high quality preschool (pre-k) is available to all families.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university located in the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States.
An unlawful combatant, illegal combatant or unprivileged combatant/belligerent is a combatant who directly engages in armed conflict in violation of the laws of war.
Vermont (locally) is a New England state in the northeastern United States.
The Vice President of the United States (VPOTUS) is the second-highest position in the executive branch of the United States, after the president.
Vietnamese Americans (Người Mỹ gốc Việt) are Americans of Vietnamese descent.
The Voice of America (VOA) is the official external broadcast institution of the United States federal government.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting.
The issue of voting rights in the United States has been fought for throughout United States history.
War is a state of armed conflict between societies.
War Democrats in American politics of the 1860s were adherents of the Democratic Party who rejected the Copperheads/Peace Democrats who controlled the party.
The War in Afghanistan is the period in which the United States invaded Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks.
The War of 1812 was a military conflict, lasting for two and a half years, fought by the United States of America against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, its North American colonies, and its Native American allies.
Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States located north of Oregon, west of Idaho, and south of the Canadian province of British Columbia on the coast of the Pacific Ocean.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
Waterboarding is a form of water torture in which water is poured over a cloth covering the face and breathing passages of an immobilized captive, causing the individual to experience the sensation of drowning.
Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of well-being and social support for all citizens, sometimes referred to as public aid.
Welfare reforms are changes in the operation of a given welfare system.
A welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens.
The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the term for the westernmost coastal states of the United States.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States of America.
In many countries (like Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, or the United States), a white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work.
William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was an American orator and politician from Nebraska, and a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party, standing three times as the Party's candidate for President of the United States (1896, 1900 and 1908).
William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination in September 1901, six months into his second term.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
In the United States, the concept of a working class remains vaguely defined and is especially contentious.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
The Young Democrats of America (YDA) was founded in 1932 as the official youth arm of the Democratic Party of the United States.
The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was the meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush.
The One Hundred and Fourteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The three 1860 Democratic National Conventions were crucial events in the lead-up to the American Civil War.
The 1932 Democratic National Convention was held in Chicago, Illinois June 27 – July 2, 1932.
The 2003 Invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States (prior to 19 March, the mission in Iraq was called Operation Enduring Freedom, a carryover from the War in Afghanistan).
The 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, also known as Operation Protective Edge (מִבְצָע צוּק אֵיתָן, Miv'tza Tzuk Eitan, lit. "Operation Strong Cliff") was a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.
The 2016 Democratic National Convention is the gathering at which delegates of the United States Democratic Party will choose the party's nominees for President of the United States and Vice President of the United States in the 2016 national election.
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