37 relations: Ancestor veneration in China, Ancient Chinese states, Baiyue, China, Chinese folk religion, Chu (state), Daxi culture, Ding (vessel), Ezhou, Han dynasty, Henan, History of China, Hubei, Ji (surname), Jin (Chinese state), King Gong of Chu, King Huai of Chu, King Yi of Zhou (Xie), King Zhou of Shang, Nanyang, Henan, Qin (state), Qin dynasty, Records of the Grand Historian, Shang dynasty, Shanxi, Sima Qian, Spade money, Spring and Autumn period, Three Ducal Ministers, Vassal, Warring States period, Western Zhou, Xiangning County, Xiong E, Xiong Qu, Xiong Zhi, Yellow Emperor.
Ancestor veneration in Chinese culture and ethnic religion is the practice of living family members and Chinese kins to pay honour and respect to their progenitors and ancestors.
Ancient Chinese States were typified by variously sized city states and territories that existed in China prior to its unification by Qin Shi Huang in 221 BCE.
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The Baiyue, Hundred Yue or Yue were various partly or un-Sinicized peoples who inhabited South China and northern Vietnam between the first millennium BC and the first millennium AD.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Chinese folk religion or Chinese popular religion is the religious tradition of the Han Chinese, in which government officials and common people of China share religious practices and beliefs, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers.
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Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state. Following the trend of the time, the rulers of Chu declared themselves kings on an equal footing with the Zhou rulers from the time of King Wu in the early 8th century BC. Though initially inconsequential, removed to the south of the Zhou heartland and practising differing customs, Chu became a successful expansionist state during the Spring and Autumn period. It was ultimately incorporated into the prestigious Zhou court and interstate relations as a viscounty, a title bestowed in order to pacify it. With its continued expansion Chu became a great if corrupt Warring States power, and its culture a major influence on the Han dynasty. Also known as Jing (荆) and Jingchu (荆楚), Chu included most of the present-day provinces of Hubei and Hunan, along with parts of Chongqing, Guizhou, Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shanghai. For more than 400 years, the Chu capital Danyang was located at the junction of the Dan and Xi Rivers near present-day Xichuan County, Henan, but later moved to Ying. The ruling house of Chu originally bore the ancestral name Nai (嬭) and clan name Yan (酓), but they are later written as Mi (芈) and Xiong (熊), respectively.
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The Daxi culture (5000–3300 BC) was a Neolithic culture centered in the Three Gorges region around the middle Yangtze, China.
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Ding (Chinese: 鼎, dǐng), formerly romanized as ting, were prehistoric and ancient Chinese cauldrons, standing upon legs with a lid and two facing handles.
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Ezhou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Hubei Province, China.
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
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Written records of the history of China can be found from as early as 1200 BC under the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC).
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Hubei (Postal map spelling: Hupeh) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the easternmost part of Central China.
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Ji is the pinyin romanization of a number of distinct Chinese surnames that are written with different characters in Chinese.
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Jin, originally known as Tang (唐), was a major state during the middle part of the Zhou dynasty, based near the center of what was then China, on the lands attributed to the legendary Xia dynasty: the southern part of modern Shanxi.
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King Gong of Chu (600–560 BC) was from 590 to 560 BC the king of Chu, a major power during the Spring and Autumn Period of ancient China.
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King Huai of Chu (died 296 BC) was from 328 to 299 BC the king of the state of Chu during the Warring States period of ancient China.
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King Yi of Zhou was the ninth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty.
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King Zhou was the pejorative posthumous name given to Di Xin, the last king of the Shang dynasty of ancient China.
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Nanyang is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Henan province, People's Republic of China.
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Qin (Old Chinese: *; Wade-Giles: Ch'in) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.
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The Qin dynasty was the first imperial dynasty of Ancient China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
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The Records of the Grand Historian (Chinese: Tàishǐgōng shū 太史公書), now known as the Shǐjì 史記 – (Scribe's records), is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 109 BC by the Han dynasty official Sima Qian after having been started by his father, Sima Tan, Grand Astrologer to the imperial court.
The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
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Shanxi (Postal map spelling: Shansi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the North China region.
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Sima Qian (pronounced; c. 145 or 13586 BC), formerly romanized Ssu-ma Chien, was a Chinese historian of the Han dynasty.
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Spade money was an early form of coin used during the Zhou dynasty of China (1045 to 256 BC).
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The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC).
The Three Ducal Ministers, also translated as the Three Dukes, Three Excellencies, or the Three Lords, was the collective name for the three highest officials in ancient China.
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A vassal or feudatory is a person who has entered into a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe.
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The Warring States period is a period in ancient China following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the victory of the state of Qin in 221 BC, creating a unified China under the Qin dynasty.
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The Western Zhou period (1046–771 BC) was the first half of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.
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Xiangning County is a county of Shanxi, China.
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Xiong E (died 791 BC) was from 799 to 791 BC the monarch of the state of Chu during the Western Zhou Dynasty of ancient China.
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Xiong Qu was the sixth viscount of the state of Chu during the early Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BC) of ancient China.
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Xiong Zhi was the eighth viscount of the state of Chu during the early Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BC) of ancient China.
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The Yellow Emperor or Huangdi, formerly romanized as Huang-ti and Hwang-ti, is one of the legendary Chinese sovereigns and culture heroesHelmer Aslaksen, section (retrieved on 2011-11-18) included among the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors.
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