114 relations: Abraham Lincoln, Adobe Flash, Alden Whitman, Ambigram, Ambrose Bierce, Anime, ARPANET, ASCII, ASCII art, Asterisk, Blowing a raspberry, Body language, Bomberman, Bulletin board system, Byte, Byte Information Exchange, Carnegie Mellon University, Combining character, Community Trade Mark, Cyrillic script, David S. Touretzky, Despair, Inc., Diacritic, Dissertations Abstracts, Emoji, Emoticon, Emotion, Emotion Markup Language, Emotions in virtual communication, English language, Facial expression, Fandom, Finland, GIF, Guy L. Steele, Jr., H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Hangul, Hangul consonant and vowel tables, Harvey Ball, Henohenomoheji, Hieroglyph, Icon (computing), IConji, Input method, Instant messaging, Intensifier, Interest (emotion), Internet, Internet forum, Internet slang, ..., Jaime Carbonell, Japan, Java (programming language), Jiong, Kannada, Kaoani, Katakana, Keyboard layout, Kirby (character), List of emoticons, LOL, Mad (magazine), Manga iconography, Marabout, Martian language, Meta-communication, Morse code, Morse code abbreviations, MTV, Nicolas Loufrani, Nintendo, Online game, Oracle bone script, Paramount Home Media Distribution, Patent, Patent application, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Pixel art, PLATO (computer system), Portmanteau, Prior art, Prosody (linguistics), Puck (magazine), Punctuation, Scandinavia, Scott Fahlman, Shift JIS art, Slashdot, Smiley, Sound, South Korea, Stick figure, Subculture, Subtext, Tête à Toto, The finger, The Harvard Lampoon, The New York Times, Trademark, Trillian (software), Tsu (kana), Typographical error, Underscore, Unicode, United States Copyright Office, URL shortening, Usenet, Video game, Viral marketing, Vladimir Nabokov, World Wide Web, Written language, 2channel. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
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Adobe Flash (formerly called Macromedia Flash and Shockwave Flash) is a multimedia and software platform used for creating vector graphics, animation, browser games, rich Internet applications, desktop applications, mobile applications and mobile games.
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Alden Whitman (October 27, 1913 – September 4, 1990) was an American journalist.
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An ambigram is a word, art form or other symbolic representation, whose elements retain meaning when viewed or interpreted from a different direction, perspective, or orientation.
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Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – circa 1914) was an American editorialist, journalist, short story writer, fabulist, and satirist.
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, also informally romanized as animé, are Japanese animated productions featuring hand-drawn or computer animation.
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The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
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ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character-encoding scheme (the IANA prefers the name US-ASCII).
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ASCII art is a graphic design technique that uses computers for presentation and consists of pictures pieced together from the 95 printable (from a total of 128) characters defined by the ASCII Standard from 1963 and ASCII compliant character sets with proprietary extended characters (beyond the 128 characters of standard 7-bit ASCII).
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An asterisk (*; Late asteriscus, from ἀστερίσκος, asteriskos, "little star") is a typographical symbol or glyph.
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Blowing a raspberry, strawberry or making a Bronx cheer, is to make a noise that may signify derision, real or feigned.
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Body language is a kind of nonverbal communication, where thoughts, intentions, or feelings are expressed by physical behaviors, such as facial expressions, body posture, gestures, eye movement, touch and the use of space.
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(also known as Dynablaster or Dyna Blaster in Europe) is a strategic, maze-based video game franchise originally developed by Hudson Soft.
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A bulletin board system, or BBS, is a computer server running custom software that allows users to connect to the system using a terminal program.
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The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits.
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BYTE Information eXchange (BIX) was an online service created by BYTE.
Carnegie Mellon University (Carnegie Mellon or CMU; or) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In digital typography, combining characters are characters that are intended to modify other characters.
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A Community Trade Mark (CTM) is any trademark which is pending registration or has been registered in the European Union as a whole (rather than on a national level within the EU).
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The Cyrillic script is an alphabetic writing system employed across Eastern Europe and north and central Asia.
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David S. Touretzky is a research professor in the Computer Science Department and the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition at Carnegie Mellon University.
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Despair, Inc is a company based in Austin, Texas, that produces posters and souvenirs that satirize the motivational indoctrination common in corporate environments. They are known for their cynical and ironic "Demotivator" items, which parody the grandiose imagery and solemn language of Successories, a range of motivational products. Examples.
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A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, or diacritical sign – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
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Dissertation Abstracts, Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) or the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (PQDT) database is a bibliography of American (and international) dissertations published by University Microfilms International (UMI) / ProQuest, Ann Arbor, since 1938.
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are the ideograms or smileys used in Japanese electronic messages and Web pages, that are spreading outside Japan.
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An emoticon, etymologically a portmanteau of emotion and icon, is a metacommunicative pictorial representation of a facial expression that, in the absence of body language and prosody, serves to draw a receiver's attention to the tenor or temper of a sender's nominal non-verbal communication, changing and improving its interpretation.
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Emotion is, in everyday speech, a person's state of feeling in the sense of an affect.
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An Emotion Markup Language (EML or EmotionML) has first been defined by the W3C Emotion Incubator Group (EmoXG) as a general-purpose emotion annotation and representation language, which should be usable in a large variety of technological contexts where emotions need to be represented.
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Emotions in virtual communication differ in a variety of ways from those in face-to-face interactions due to the characteristics of computer mediated communication (CMC).
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face.
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Fandom is a term used to refer to a subculture composed of fans characterized by a feeling of empathy and camaraderie with others who share a common interest.
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Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east; Estonia lies to the south across the Gulf of Finland.
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The Graphics Interchange Format (better known by its acronym GIF or) is a bitmap image format that was introduced by CompuServe in 1987 and has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability.
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Guy Lewis Steele, Jr., also known as "The Great Quux", Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, publication date unknown, accessed 2009-11-12 and GLS, is an American computer scientist who has played an important role in designing and documenting several computer programming languages.
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H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a video coding format that is currently one of the most commonly used formats for the recording, compression, and distribution of video content.
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The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul in South Korea and elsewhere and as Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea and China, is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century.
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The following hangul tables of consonants and vowels (jamo) display the basic forms in blue in the first row, and their derivatives in the following rows.
Harvey Ross Ball (July 10, 1921 – April 12, 2001) was an American commercial artist.
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Henohenomoheji (へのへのもへじ) or hehenonomoheji (へへののもへじ) is a face drawn by Japanese schoolchildren using hiragana characters.
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A hieroglyph (Greek for "sacred writing") is a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system.
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In computing, an icon is a pictogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
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iConji is a free pictographic communication system based on an open, visual vocabulary of characters with built-in translations for most major languages.
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An input method (or input method editor, commonly abbreviated IME) is an operating system component or program that allows any data, such as keyboard strokes or mouse movements, to be received as input.
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Instant messaging (IM) is a type of online chat which offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
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Intensifier is a linguistic term (but not a proper lexical category) for a modifier that makes no contribution to the propositional meaning of a clause but serves to enhance and give additional emotional context to the word it modifies.
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Interest is a feeling or emotion that causes attention to focus on an object, event, or process.
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The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide.
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An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.
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Internet slang (Internet shorthand, Cyber-slang, netspeak, or chatspeak) refers to a variety of slang languages used by different people on the Internet.
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Jaime Guillermo Carbonell (born July 29, 1953) is a computer scientist who has made seminal contributions to the development of natural language processing tools and technologies.
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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
Jiong (Chinese: 囧; variant: 冏; Hanyu Pinyin: jiǒng; Jyutping: gwing2) is a Chinese character originally meaning a "patterned window", "as bright as the light peering from outside the window", or simply "brightness".
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Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ kannaḍa) or Canarese/Kanarese, is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in the South Indian state of Karnataka, and by linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, and Goa.
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Kaoani comes from the Japanese and.
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is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as romaji).
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A keyboard layout is any specific mechanical, visual, or functional arrangement of the keys, legends, or key-meaning associations (respectively) of a computer, typewriter, or other typographic keyboard.
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is a fictional character and the protagonist of the Kirby series of video games owned by Nintendo and HAL Laboratory.
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This is a list of notable and commonly used emoticons or textual portrayals of a writer's moods or facial expressions in the form of icons.
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LOL or lol, an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud, is a popular element of Internet slang.
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Mad is an American humor magazine founded in 1952 by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines, launched as a comic book before it became a magazine.
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Japanese manga has developed its own visual language or iconography for expressing emotion and other internal character states.
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A marabout (مَربوط marbūṭ or مُرابِط murābiṭ, "one who is attached/garrisoned") is a Muslim religious leader and teacher in West Africa, and (historically) in the Maghreb.
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Martian language (吙☆魰) is the nickname of unconventional representation of Chinese characters online.
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Meta-communication - (Etymology: Gk, meta + L, communicare, to inform), or metacommunication, is a secondary communication (including indirect cues) about how a piece of information is meant to be interpreted.
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Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment.
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Morse code abbreviations differ from prosigns for Morse code in that they observe normal interletter spacing; that is, they are not "run together" the way prosigns are.
MTV (formerly an initialism of Music Television) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel which is a part of the "Viacom Music and Entertainment Group" unit of the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom, which it is a subsidiary of.
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Nicolas Loufrani (born December 17, 1971 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France) is the CEO of the Smiley Company, which owns the trademark and copyright over the Smiley face and name in over 100 countries.
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is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics company headquartered in Kyoto, Japan.
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An online game is a specialized application or technology, which connects players through the Internet or over a computer network.
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Oracle bone script is the set of incised (or, rarely, brush-written) ancient Chinese characters found on oracle bones, which were animal bones or turtle shells used in divination in Bronze Age China.
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Paramount Home Media Distribution (PHMD, formerly Paramount Home Entertainment, Paramount Home Video and Paramount Video) is the home video distribution division of Paramount Pictures (a subsidiary of Viacom, Inc.) dealing with home video founded in late 1975.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
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A patent application is a request pending at a patent office for the grant of a patent for the invention described and claimed by that application.
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Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a U.S. state located in the North and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States and the Great Lakes region.
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Pittsburgh is the second largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania with a population of 305,842 and the county seat of Allegheny County.
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Pixel art is a form of digital art, created through the use of raster graphics software, where images are edited on the pixel level.
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PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) was the first generalized computer assisted instruction system.
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A portmanteau (plural portmanteaus or portmanteaux) or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words, or their phones (sounds), and their meanings are combined into a new word.
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Prior art (state of the art or background art), in most systems of patent law, constitutes all information that has been made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent's claims of originality.
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In linguistics, prosody (from Ancient Greek προσῳδία prosōidía, "song sung to music; tone or accent of a syllable") is concerned with those elements of speech that are not individual vowels and consonants but are properties of syllables and larger units of speech.
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Puck was the first successful humor magazine in the United States of colorful cartoons, caricatures and political satire of the issues of the day.
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Punctuation is "the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading, both silently and aloud, of handwritten and printed texts." Another description is: "The practice, action, or system of inserting points or other small marks into texts, in order to aid interpretation; division of text into sentences, clauses, etc., by means of such marks." In written English, punctuation is vital to disambiguate the meaning of sentences.
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Scandinavia is a historical and cultural-linguistic region in Northern Europe characterized by a common ethno-cultural North Germanic heritage and related languages.
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Scott Elliott Fahlman (born March 21, 1948) is a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University.
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Shift_JIS art is artwork created from characters within the Shift JIS character set, a Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) superset of ASCII intended for Japanese usage.
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Slashdot (sometimes abbreviated as /.) is a news website that originally billed itself as "News for Nerds.
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A smiley (sometimes simply called a happy or smiling face) is a stylized representation of a smiling humanoid face, an important part of popular culture.
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In physics, sound is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechanical wave of pressure and displacement, through a medium such as air or water.
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South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.
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A stick figure is a very simple drawing of a person or animal, composed of a few lines, curves, and dots.
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In sociology and cultural studies, a subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs, often maintaining some of its founding principles.
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Subtext undertone is any content of a creative work which is not announced explicitly by the characters or author, but is implicit or becomes something understood by the observer of the work as the production unfolds.
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The tête à Toto is a French typographical design and children's game, well known to French schoolchildren, depicted to the right.
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In Western culture, the finger (as in giving someone the finger or the bird or flipping someone off) is an obscene hand gesture.
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The Harvard Lampoon is an undergraduate humor publication founded in 1876 by seven undergraduates at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
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The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
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A trademark, trade mark, or trade-mark is a recognizable sign, design, or expression which identifies products or services of a particular source from those of others, although trademarks used to identify services are usually called service marks.
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Trillian is a proprietary multiprotocol instant messaging application for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Android, iOS, BlackBerry OS, and the Web, created by Cerulean Studios.
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, in hiragana, or ツ in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora.
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A typographical error (often shortened to typo) is a mistake made in the typing process (such as a spelling mistake) of printed material.
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The underscore (also called understrike, underbar, or underline) is a character that originally appeared on the typewriter and was primarily used to underline words.
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Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
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The United States Copyright Office, a part of the Library of Congress, is the official U.S. government body that maintains records of copyright registration in the United States, including a Copyright Catalog.
URL shortening is a technique on the World Wide Web in which a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) may be made substantially shorter in length and still direct to the required page.
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Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system.
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A video game is an electronic game that involves human interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
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Viral marketing, viral advertising, or marketing buzz are buzzwords referring to marketing techniques that use pre-existing social networking services and other technologies to try to produce increases in brand awareness or to achieve other marketing objectives (such as product sales) through self-replicating viral processes, analogous to the spread of viruses or computer viruses (cf. Internet memes and memetics).
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Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков,, also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin; c2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist.
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The World Wide Web (www, W3) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by URLs, interlinked by hypertext links, and can be accessed via the Internet.
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A written language is the representation of a language by means of a writing system.
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is a Japanese textboard.
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