36 relations: Allophone, ASCII, Ƒ, Digamma, Digraph (orthography), Dot (diacritic), EBCDIC, Egyptian hieroglyphs, English alphabet, English orthography, Fahrenheit, French franc, French orthography, Fuck, Hepburn romanization, International Phonetic Alphabet, ISO basic Latin alphabet, Japanese language, Letter (alphabet), Letter case, Long s, Old Italic script, Phi, S, Semitic languages, Slavic languages, Spanish orthography, U, Upsilon, V, Voiced labiodental fricative, Voiceless bilabial stop, Voiceless labiodental fricative, W, Waw (letter), Y.
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds (or phones) or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
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ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character-encoding scheme (the IANA prefers the name US-ASCII).
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The letter F with hook (majuscule, minuscule: ƒ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, based on the italic form of f; or on its regular form with a descender hook added.
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Digamma, waw, or wau (uppercase:, lowercase:, numeral) is an archaic letter of the Greek alphabet.
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A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used to write one phoneme (distinct sound) or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
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When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct (·), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' and 'combining dot below' which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.
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Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an 8-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
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Egyptian hieroglyphs (Egyptian: mdw·w-nṯr, "god's words") were a formal writing system used by the ancient Egyptians that combined logographic and alphabetic elements.
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The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters (each having an uppercase and a lowercase form) – the same letters that are found in the ISO basic Latin alphabet: The exact shape of printed letters varies depending on the typeface.
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English orthography is the orthography used in writing the English language, including English spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.
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Fahrenheit (symbol °F) is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), after whom the scale is named.
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The franc (sign: F or Fr), also commonly distinguished as the (FF), was a currency of France.
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French orthography encompasses the spelling and punctuation of the French language.
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Fuck is an obscene English language word, which refers to the act of sexual intercourse and is also commonly used as an intensifier or to denote disdain.
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The is named after James Curtis Hepburn, who used it to transcribe the sounds of the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet in the third edition of his Japanese–English dictionary, published in 1887.
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The International Phonetic Alphabet (unofficially—though commonly—abbreviated IPA)"The acronym 'IPA' strictly refers to the 'International Phonetic Association'.
The ISO Basic Latin alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet and consists of two sets of 26 letters, codified in various national and international standards and used widely in international communication.
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is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
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A letter is a grapheme (written character) in an alphabetic system of writing, such as the Greek alphabet and its descendants.
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In orthography and typography, letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule (see ''Terminology'') and smaller lower case (also small letters, or more formally minuscule, see ''Terminology'') in the written representation of certain languages. Here is a comparison of the upper and lower case versions of each letter included in the English alphabet (the exact representation will vary according to the font used): Typographically, the basic difference between the majuscules and minuscules is not that the majuscules are big and minuscules small, but that the majuscules generally have the same height, whilst the height of the minuscules varies, as some of them have parts higher or lower than the average, i.e. ascenders and descenders. In Times New Roman, for instance, b, d, f, h, k, l, t are the letters with ascenders, and g, j, p, q, y are the ones with descenders. Further to this, with old-style numerals still used by some traditional or classical fonts—although most do have a set of alternative Lining Figures— 6 and 8 make up the ascender set, and 3, 4, 5, 7 and 9 the descender set. Letter case is often prescribed by the grammar of a language or by the conventions of a particular discipline. In orthography, the uppercase is primarily reserved for special purposes, such as the first letter of a sentence or of a proper noun, which makes the lowercase the more common variant in text. In mathematics, letter case may indicate the relationship between objects with uppercase letters often representing "superior" objects (e.g. X could be a set containing the generic member x). Engineering design drawings are typically labelled entirely in upper-case letters, which are easier to distinguish than lowercase, especially when space restrictions require that the lettering be small.
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The long, medial, or descending s (ſ) is a form of the minuscule letter s, which was formerly used where s occurred in the middle or at the beginning of a word (e.g. "ſinfulneſs" "sinfulness").
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Old Italic is any of several now extinct alphabet systems used on the Italian Peninsula in ancient times for various Indo-European languages (predominantly Italic) and non-Indo-European (e.g. Etruscan) languages.
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Phi (uppercase Φ, lowercase or; ϕεῖ, pheî,; modern φι, fi,; English) is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet.
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S (named 'ess, plural esses) is the 19th letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East.
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The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of Central Europe, and the northern part of Asia.
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Spanish orthography is the orthography used in the Spanish language.
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U (named u, plural ues) is the 21st letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet and the fifth and last vowel in the English alphabet (if W and Y are not counted as vowels).
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Upsilon (uppercase Υ, lowercase υ; ύψιλον, ýpsilon,; or, or) is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.
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V (named vee) is the 22nd letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
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The voiceless bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
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The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a number of spoken languages.
W (named double-u,Pronounced,,, or plural double-ues) is the 23rd letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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Waw ("hook") is the sixth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician wāw, Aramaic waw, Hebrew vav (also vau) ו, Syriac waw and Arabic wāw و (sixth in abjadi order; 27th in modern Arabic order).
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Y (named wye, plural wyes) is the 25th and next-to-last letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
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