117 relations: Anhui, Annam (Chinese province), Beijing, Bo Yang, Cambria Press, Chai Rong, Changsha, Chengdu, China proper, Chinese sovereign, Chu (Ten Kingdoms), Conquest Dynasties, Conquest of Southern Tang by Song, Daming County, De facto, Dingnan Jiedushi, Dingzhou, Dunhuang, Dynasties in Chinese history, Emperor Taizong of Song, Emperor Taizu of Song, Emperor Zhaozong of Tang, Fengxiang County, Former Shu, Fujian, Fuzhou, Gansu, Gao Jixing, Gu Hongzhong, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guangzhou, Guo Wei, Hainan, Han Chinese, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Hebei, Henan, History of China, Huang Chao, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jiedushi, Jingnan, Kaifeng, Later Han (Five Dynasties), Later Jin (Five Dynasties), ..., Later Liang (Five Dynasties), Later Shu, Later Tang, Later Zhou, Li Bian, Li Cunxu, Li Keyong, Li Maozhen, Liao dynasty, Liu Chong, Liu Rengong, Liu Shouguang, Liu Yan (emperor), Liu Yin (Southern Han), Liu Zhiyuan, Luo Shaowei, Luoyang, Ma Yin, Min (Ten Kingdoms), Nanjing, New History of the Five Dynasties, North China, Northern and southern China, Northern Han, Ouyang Xiu, Oxford University Press, Qi (Li Maozhen's state), Qian Liu, Qingyuan Jiedushi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shatuo, Shi Jingtang, Sichuan, Sixteen Prefectures, Song dynasty, South China, Southern Han, Southern Tang, Taiyuan, Tang dynasty, Tanzhou (in modern Hunan), Tuttle Publishing, Wang Chuzhi, Wang Gungwu, Wang Jian (Former Shu), Wang Rong, Wang Shenzhi, Wisteria, Wu (Ten Kingdoms), Wuhan, Wuwei, Gansu, Wuyue, Xu Xi (painter), Yan (Five Dynasties period), Yang Xingmi, Yangtze, Yangzhou, Yin (Five Dynasties period), Youzhou, Zhangye, Zhao (Five Dynasties period), Zhejiang, Zhengding County, Zhongyuan, Zhu Wen, Zizhi Tongjian. Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
Annam was the name of the southernmost province of China after the Tang dynasty.
Beijing, formerly Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world.
Boyang (7 March 1920. BBC News Online (Chinese). 29 April 2008. Accessed 30 April 2008. – 29 April 2008), sometimes also erroneously called Bai Yang, was a Chinese poet, essayist and historian based in Taiwan.
Cambria Press is an independent academic publisher based in Amherst, New York.
Chai Rong (柴榮) (27 October 921 – 27 July 959) or Guo Rong (郭榮), also known by his temple name Shizong (世宗), was the second emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 954 until his death.
Changsha (simplified Chinese: 长沙; traditional Chinese: 長沙; pinyin: Chángshā) is the capital of Hunan Province in south-central China, located on the lower reaches of the Xiang River, a branch of the Yangtze River.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is the provincial capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China, as well as a major city in Western China.
China proper, Inner China, or the Eighteen Provinces was a term used by Western writers on the Qing dynasty to express a distinction between the core and frontier regions of China.
Chinese sovereign is the ruler of a particular period in ancient China.
Chǔ (楚), often referred to as Ma Chu (马楚) or Southern Chu (南楚) to distinguish it from other historical states called Chu, was a kingdom in southern China during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907–960).
Conquest dynasties in the history of imperial China refers to the dynasties established by non-Han people that ruled parts or all of China.
In 975 AD the Song managed through force to subdue the state now known as Southern Tang, to distinguish it from the synonymously named Tang Dynasty, as part of a series of Song conquests to reunify China.
Daming is a county of far southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China, bordering the provinces of Shandong to the east and Henan to the south.
De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").
Dingnan Jiedushi (定難節度使) — i.e., military governor (Jiedushi) of Dingnan Circuit (定難, headquartered in modern Yulin, Shaanxi) — was a political office that existed during the late Tang Dynasty, the entire Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, and early Song Dynasty of China.
Dingzhou, formerly Dingxian (Chinese Postal Map Romanization: Tingsien) is a county-level city with sub-prefecture-level city status, located under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Baoding in the southwest of Hebei Province in northern China, about halfway between Baoding and Shijiazhuang.
Dunhuang is a county-level city in northwestern Gansu Province, Western China.
The following is a chronology of the dynasties in Chinese history.
Zhao Guangyi (趙光義) (939–997), born Zhao Kuangyi (趙匡乂), also known by his temple name Taizong (太宗), was the 2nd emperor of imperial China's Song Dynasty, reigning from 976 until his death.
Zhao Kuangyin (21 March 927 – 14 November 976), also known by his temple name Taizu (太祖), was the founding emperor of imperial China's Song Dynasty, reigning from 960 until his death.
Emperor Zhaozong of Tang (March 31, 867 – September 22, 904), né Li Jie (李傑), name later changed to Li Min (李敏), yet later name changed to Li Ye (李曄), was the penultimate emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China.
Fengxiang County is a county administered by Baoji City in the west of Shaanxi province, People’s Republic of China.
Great Shu (Chinese: 大蜀, Pinyin: Dàshǔ) called in retrospect Former Shu (Chinese: 前蜀, Pinyin: Qiánshǔ) or occasionally Wang Shu (王蜀), was one of the Ten Kingdoms formed during the chaotic period between the rules of the Tang dynasty and the Song dynasty.
Fujian, formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, or Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.
Fuzhou (formerly Foochow) is the capital and one of the largest cities in Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Gansu is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
Gao Jixing (高季興) (858-January 28, 929), né Gao Jichang (高季昌), known for some time as Zhu Jichang (朱季昌), courtesy name Yisun (貽孫), formally Prince Wuxin of Chu (楚武信王), was the founder of Jingnan, also known as Nanping, one of the states during the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Gu Hongzhong (937–975) was a Chinese painter during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of Chinese history. Gu was active until 960 CE University of Washington: A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization. Retrieved 27 August 2012. and was most likely a court painter for the Southern Tang Emperor Li Yu. His most well-known work is the Night Revels of Han Xizai (韩熙载夜宴图). Gu's original no longer exists, but the painting survives as a 12th-century remake during the subsequent Song Dynasty (960–1279). The painting is housed in the Palace Museum in Beijing.
Guangdong is a province on the South China Sea coast of the People's Republic of China.
Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.
Guangzhou (Mandarin 廣州 Guǎngzhōu, also known as Canton, and less commonly as Kwangchow)"".
Guo Wei (郭威) (10 September 904 – 22 February 954), also known by his temple name Taizu (太祖), was the founding emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Zhou during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 951 until his death.
Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Hangzhou, formerly romanised as Hangchow, is the capital and largest city of Zhejiang Province in Eastern China.
Hanoi (or; Vietnamese: Hà Nội) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city.
Hebei (Postal map spelling: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Written records of the history of China can be found from as early as 1200 BC under the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC).
Huang Chao (died 884) was the leader of a major agrarian rebellion that, during the last decade of his life, seriously weakened the Tang dynasty.
Hubei (Postal map spelling: Hupeh) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the easternmost part of Central China.
Hunan (Hunanese, Shuangfeng dialect) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the south-central part of the country to the south of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, which means "south of the lake").
Jiangsu, earlier romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China, with its capital in Nanjing.
Jiangxi (Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country.
The jiedushi were regional military governors in China during the Tang dynasty and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Jingnan (also called Nanping (南平)) was one of the Ten Kingdoms in south-central China created in 924, marking the beginning of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907-960).
Kaifeng, known previously by several names (see below), is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan, China.
The Later Han was founded in 947.
The Later Jìn (936–947), also called Shi Jin (石晉), was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China.
The Later Liang (June 1, 907–923) was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China.
Later Shu was one of the Ten Kingdoms during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China from 934 to 960.
Tang, known in history as Later Tang, was a short-lived imperial dynasty that lasted from 923 to 936 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in the history of China.
The Later Zhou was the last in a succession of five dynasties that controlled most of northern China during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, which lasted from 907 to 960 and bridged the gap between the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty.
Emperor Liezu of Southern Tang (南唐烈祖) (889-943), also known as Xianzhu of Southern Tang (南唐先主, literally "the first ruler of Southern Tang"), personal name Li Bian (李昪), earlier also known as Xu Zhigao (徐知誥) and then Xu Gao (徐誥), courtesy name Zhenglun (正倫), nickname Pengnu (彭奴), was the founder of the Southern Tang kingdom, one of the most successful of the Ten Kingdoms of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907-960).
Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang, personal name Li Cunxu, nickname Yazi (亞子), was the Prince of Jin (908–923) and later became Emperor of Later Tang (923–926), of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period of Chinese history.
Li Keyong (October 24, 856 – February 23, 908) was a Shatuo military governor (Jiedushi) during the late Tang Dynasty and was key to developing a base of power for the Shatuo in what is today Shanxi Province in China.
Li Maozhen (856–May 17, 924), born Song Wentong (宋文通), courtesy name Zhengchen (正臣), formally Prince Zhongjing of Qin (秦忠敬王), was the only ruler of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Qi (901–924).
The Liao dynasty (Khitan: Mos Jælud), officially the Great Liao, also known as the Khitan Empire (Khitan: Mos diau-d kitai huldʒi gur), was an empire in East Asia that ruled over Mongolia and portions of the Russian Far East, northern Korea, and northern China proper from 907 to 1125.
Liu Min (劉旻) (895 – 954), named Liu Chong (劉崇) before 951, also known by his temple name Shizu (世祖), was the founding emperor of imperial China's Northern Han state during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Liu Rengong (劉仁恭) (died 914) was a warlord late in the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty who controlled Lulong Circuit (盧龍, headquartered in modern Beijing) from 895 (when his one-time lord Li Keyong conquered Lulong and left him in charge of it) to 907 (when he was overthrown by his son Liu Shouguang and put under house arrest).
Liu Shouguang (劉守光) (died February 12, 914) was a warlord early in the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period who controlled Lulong (盧龍, headquartered in modern Beijing) and Yichang (義昌, headquartered in modern Cangzhou, Hebei) Circuits, after seizing control from his father Liu Rengong and defeating his brother Liu Shouwen.
Liu Yan (Lưu Nghiễm; 889–June 10, 942), né Liu Yan (劉巖), also known as Liu Zhi (劉陟) (from ~896 to 911) and briefly as Liu Gong (劉龔), formally Tianhuang Dadi (天皇大帝) with the temple name Gaozu (高祖), was the first emperor of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Southern Han.
Liu Yin (劉隱) (874New History of the Five Dynasties, vol. 65.–April 4, 911Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 268..), formally Prince Xiang of Nanhai (南海襄王), later further posthumously honored Emperor Xiang (襄皇帝) with the temple name of Liezong (烈宗) by his younger brother Liu Yan, was a warlord late in the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty and Tang's succeeding dynasty Later Liang of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, who ruled Qinghai Circuit (清海, headquartered in modern Guangzhou, Guangdong) as its military governor (Jiedushi).
Emperor Gaozu of (Later) Han ((後)漢高祖) (March 4, 895–March 10, 948), personal name Liu Zhiyuan (劉知遠), later changed to Liu Gao (劉暠), was the ethnically-Shatuo founder of the Later Han, the fourth of the Five Dynasties in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of Chinese history.
Luo Shaowei (877History of the Five Dynasties, vol. 14.-July 4, 910Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 267..), courtesy name Duanji (端己), formally Prince Zhenzhuang of Ye (鄴貞莊王), was a warlord who ruled Weibo Circuit (魏博, headquartered in modern Handan, Hebei), also known as Tianxiong Circuit (天雄), as its military governor (Jiedushi), late in the Chinese Tang dynasty and early in Tang's successor state Later Liang.
Luoyang is a prefecture-level city in western Henan province of Central China.
Ma Yin (馬殷) (853-December 2, 930), courtesy name Batu (霸圖), formally King Wumu of Chu (楚武穆王), was a warlord late in the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty who became the first ruler of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period state Chu and the only one who carried the title of "king."Ma Yin's title was Wang (王) in Chinese, which could be translated as either "Prince" or "King" in English.
Min was one of the Ten Kingdoms which was in existence between the years of 909 and 945.
Nanjing ("Southern Capital") is the capital of Jiangsu province and the second largest city in eastern China (after Shanghai), with a total population of 8.16 million and a urban population of 6.55 million in 2013.
The Historical Records of the Five Dynasties (五代史記, Wudai Shiji) is a Chinese historiography book on the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (roughly 907–960) of ancient China, written by the Song Dynasty official Ouyang Xiu (1007–1072) in private.
Northern China or North China (literally "China's north") is a geographical region of China.
Northern China and southern China are two approximate regions within China. The exact boundary between these two regions has never been precisely defined. Nevertheless, the self-perception of Chinese people, especially regional stereotypes, has often been dominated by these two concepts, given that regional differences in culture and language have historically fostered strong regional identities (乡土, xiāngtǔ, 'localism') of the Chinese people.
The Northern Han kingdom is a state of the Ten Kingdoms in the Period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.
Ouyang Xiu (100722 September 1072), courtesy name Yongshu, was a Chinese statesman, historian, essayist, calligrapher and poet of the Song Dynasty.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.
Qi was a kingdom during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in Chinese history.
Qian Liu (March 10, 852.Spring and Autumn Annals of the Ten Kingdoms (十國春秋),.-May 6, 932Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 277.), courtesy name Jumei (具美), nickname Poliu (婆留), formally King Wusu of Wuyue (吳越武肅王) with the temple name of Taizu (太祖), was founder and first kingQian Liu's title was Wang (王) in Chinese, which could be translated as either "Prince" or "King" in English.
Qingyuan Jiedushi (清源節度使) (i.e., the Jiedushi of Qingyuan Circuit) was a military/governance office late in China's Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, later renamed to Pinghai Jiedushi (平海節度使).
Shaanxi (Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, officially part of the Northwest China region.
Shanxi (Postal map spelling: Shansi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the North China region.
The Shatuo (or, also: Shato, Sha-t'o, Sanskrit Sart) were a Turkic tribe that heavily influenced northern Chinese politics from the late ninth century through the tenth century.
Shi Jingtang (石敬瑭) (30 March 892 – 28 July 942Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 283.), also known by his temple name Gaozu (高祖), was the founding emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Jin during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 936 until his death.
Sichuan (formerly Szechwan or Szechuan) is a province in southwest China.
The Sixteen Prefectures, more specifically the Sixteen Prefectures of Yan and Yun or the Sixteen Prefectures of You and Ji, comprise a historical region in northern China along the Great Wall in present-day Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities and northern Hebei and Shanxi Province, that were ceded by the Shatuo Turk Emperor Shi Jingtang of the Later Jin to the Khitan Liao dynasty in 938.
The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
South China is a geographical and cultural region that covers the southernmost part of China.
Southern Han was a kingdom that existed during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907-960) along China’s southern coast from 917 to 971.
Southern Tang (also referred to as Nantang), later known as Jiangnan (江南), was one of the Ten Kingdoms in south-central China created following the Tang Dynasty from 937–976.
Taiyuan (also known as Bing (并), Jinyang (晋阳)) is the capital and largest city of North China's Shanxi province.
The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tanzhou or Tan Prefecture (潭州) was a zhou (prefecture) in imperial China centering around modern Changsha, Hunan, China.
Tuttle Publishing, originally the Charles E. Tuttle Company, is a book publishing company that includes Tuttle, Periplus Editions, and Journey Editions.
Wang Chuzhi (王處直) (862-922), courtesy name Yunming (允明), formally the Prince of Beiping (北平王), was a warlord late in the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty and early in the subsequent Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, who ruled Yiwu Circuit (義武, headquartered in modern Baoding, Hebei) as its military governor (Jiedushi) from 900 (when his nephew Wang Gao, then military governor, fled under attack) and as its de jure sovereign from 910 (when he, along with his neighboring warlord Wang Rong the Prince of Zhao, broke away from Later Liang) to 921, when he was overthrown by his adoptive son Wang Du.
Wang Gungwu, CBE (born 9 October 1930) is a prominent Australian historian of Asia.
Wang Jian (王建) (847 – July 11, 918), courtesy name Guangtu (光圖), formally Emperor Gaozu of (Former) Shu ((前)蜀高祖), was the founding emperor of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Former Shu.
Wang Rong (877?Old Book of Tang, vol. 142.New Book of Tang, vol. 211.History of the Five Dynasties, vol. 54.New History of the Five Dynasties, vol. 54.Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 255.-921Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 271.), was a warlord late in the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty who later became the only ruler of the state of Zhao during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Wang Shenzhi (862 – December 30, 925), courtesy name Xintong (信通) or Xiangqing (詳卿), formally Prince Zhongyi of Min (閩忠懿王) and later further posthumously honored as Emperor Taizu of Min (閩太祖), was the founder of Min on the southeast coast of China during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of Chinese history.
Wisteria (also spelled Wistaria or Wysteria) is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae, that includes ten species of woody climbing vines native to the Eastern United States and to China, Korea, and Japan.
Wu (吳), also referred to as Huainan (淮南), Hongnong (弘農), Southern Wu (南吳), or Yang Wu (楊吳), was one of the Ten Kingdoms in south-central China which was in existence between the years of 907 and 937.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China, and is the most populous city in Central China.
Wuwei is a prefecture-level city in northwest central Gansu province.
Wuyue (Shanghainese), 907-978, was an independent coastal kingdom founded during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907-960) of Chinese history.
Xu Xi was a Chinese painter in the Southern Tang kingdom during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Yan (燕) was a very short lived kingdom in the vicinity of present-day Beijing at the beginning of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, which is traditionally dated as being from 907 to 960.
Yang Xingmi (楊行密) (852Spring and Autumn Annals of the Ten Kingdoms,.– December 24, 905.Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 265.), né Yang Xingmin (楊行愍, name changed 886), courtesy name Huayuan (化源), formally Prince Wuzhong of Wu (吳武忠王, "martial and faithful"), later posthumously honored King Xiaowu of Wu (吳孝武王, "filial and martial") then Emperor Wu of Wu (吳武帝) with the temple name of Taizu (太祖), was a military governor (Jiedushi) of Huainan Circuit (淮南, headquartered in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu) late in the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, whose takeover of Huainan and several nearby circuits allowed him and his family to rule over territory that would eventually become the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms state Wu (Although Yang Xingmi would be the first ruler in his line to receive the title of Prince of Wu, it was a Tang-bestowed title and did not denote independence of the state.) — including most of modern Jiangsu and Anhui and parts of modern Jiangxi and Hubei.
The Yangtze River, (Chinese: 长江, Cháng Jiāng), known in China as the Chang Jiang or the Yangzi, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
Yangzhou is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu, China.
The Yin was a short-lived kingdom during China’s Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period which lasted from 907 to 960 and bridged the time between the fall of the Tang Dynasty and the foundation of the Song Dynasty.
Youzhou or You Prefecture (also known as You Province) is a place name for an ancient zhou or prefecture in northern China.
Zhangye is a prefecture-level city in northwest-central Gansu province, People's Republic of China, bordering Inner Mongolia to the north and Qinghai to the south.
Zhao (趙, ~910–~921) was a state early in the Five Dynasties period of the history of China in what is now central Hebei.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
Zhengding is a county of southwestern Hebei province, China, located approximately south of Beijing.
Zhongyuan, or the Central Plain, also known as Zhongtu or Zhongzhou, is the area on the lower reaches of the Yellow River which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization.
Emperor Taizu of Later Liang (後梁太祖), personal name Zhu Quanzhong (朱全忠) (852–912), né Zhu Wen (朱溫), name later changed to Zhu Huang (朱晃), nickname Zhu San (朱三, literally, "the third Zhu"), was a Jiedushi (military governor) at the end of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, who previously served as a general under the rival Emperor Huang Chao's Empire of Qi and overthrew Empire of Tang in 907, established the Later Liang as its emperor, and ushered in the era of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.
The Zizhi Tongjian (Tzu-chih Tung-chien) is a pioneering reference work in Chinese historiography, published in 1084 AD, in the form of a chronicle.