158 relations: Aerophone, Akkadian language, Alto flute, Anasazi flute, Anatomically modern human, Bamboo, Bansuri, Bass flute, Bernoulli's principle, Bible, Boatswain's call, Boehm system, Book of Genesis, Book of Isaiah, Book of Jeremiah, Books of Kings, Books of Samuel, Brill Publishers, C (musical note), Carnatic music, Cave bear, China, Circular breathing, Classic of Poetry, Common Era, Concert band, Confucius, Contrabass flute, Culture of India, Cuneiform, Dalbergia melanoxylon, Danso, Diple, Divje Babe Flute, Dizi (instrument), Double contrabass flute, Dutch language, Edge-blown aerophones, Embouchure, End-blown flute, Femur, Fife (instrument), Fipple, Flageolet, Flue pipe, Flute method, Frula, Fue, Fujara, Fundamental frequency, ..., Geisenklösterle, Gemshorn, Geoffrey Chaucer, Germany, Gilgamesh, Gudi (instrument), Hand flute, Harmonic, Hindu, Hinduism, Hindustani classical music, Hiragana, Hohle Fels, Hornbostel–Sachs, Hubei, Human, Hyperbass flute, India, Indian classical music, Irish flute, Italian Renaissance, Jazz flute, Jiahu, John Tyrrell (musicologist), Jubal (Bible), Kaval, Kinnor, Kolkata, Krishna, Lacquer, London, Lyre, Madagascar, Malagasy ariary, Mammoth, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Middle English, Middle High German, MSNBC, Mumbai, Musical instrument, Musician, Nagercoil, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Native American flute, Nature (journal), Neanderthal, New Delhi, New Hampshire, Ney, Nohkan, Nose flute, Ocarina, Octave, Old French, Old Occitan, Orchestra, Organ pipe, Palendag, Paleolithic flutes, Pan flute, Piccolo, Pipe and tabor, Pipe organ, Pitch (music), Quena, Rakoto Frah, Range (music), Recorder (musical instrument), Reed (mouthpiece), Reedless wind instrument, Resonance, Resonator, Rough Guides, Shakuhachi, Slovenia, Sodina, Soprano flute, Sound, Sring, Stanley Sadie, Suizhou, Suling, Sumerian language, Swabian Jura, Swan, The House of Fame, The Marble Faun, Theobald Boehm, Tibia, Tin whistle, Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, Tonette, Transverse flute, Ulm, Velocity, Venu, Venus of Hohle Fels, Vertical flute, Volume, Vulture, Washint, Western concert flute, Whistle, Woodwind instrument, Xiao (flute), Xun (instrument), Zhou dynasty. Expand index (108 more) » « Shrink index
An aerophone is any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound.
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Akkadian (akkadû, ak.kADû) is an extinct east Semitic language (part of the greater Afroasiatic language family) that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia.
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The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family.
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The Anasazi flute is the name of a prehistoric end-blown flute replicated today from findings at a massive cave in Prayer Rock Valley in Arizona, USA by an archaeological expedition led by Earl H. Morris in 1931.
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The term anatomically modern humans (AMH) or anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMHS) refers in paleoanthropology to individual members of the species Homo sapiens with an appearance consistent with the range of phenotypes in modern humans.
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The bamboos are a subfamily (Bambusoideae) of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae.
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The bansuri is a transverse flute of South Asia made from a single hollow shaft of bamboo with six or seven finger holes.
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The bass flute is the bass member of the flute family.
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In fluid dynamics, Bernoulli's principle states that for an inviscid flow of a non-conducting fluid, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy.
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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.
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A boatswain's call, pipe or bosun's whistle is a pipe or a non-diaphragm type whistle used on naval ships by a boatswain.
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The Boehm system is a system of keywork for the flute, created by inventor and flautist Theobald Boehm between 1831 and 1847.
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The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek γένεσις, meaning "origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, Bərēšīṯ, "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Christian Old Testament.
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The Book of Isaiah (ספר ישעיה., "Sefer Yeshayahu") is the first of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the first of the Major Prophets in English Bibles.
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The Book of Jeremiah (ספר יִרְמְיָהוּ; abbreviated Jer. or Jerem. in citations) is the second of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible, and the second of the Prophets in the Christian Old Testament.
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The two Books of Kings (ספר מלכים Sepher M'lakhim – the two books were originally one) present the biblical view of history of ancient Israel and Judah from the death of David to the release of his successor Jehoiachin from imprisonment in Babylon, a period of some 400 years.
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The two Books of Samuel (Sefer Shmuel ספר שמואל) are part of the Deuteronomistic history, a series of books (Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings) in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament that constitute a theological history of the Israelites which explains God's law for Israel under the guidance of the prophets.
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Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is an international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
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In terms of musical pitch, C or Do is the first note of the fixed-Do solfège scale.
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Carnatic music, Karnāṭaka saṃgīta or Karnāṭaka saṅgītam is a system of music commonly associated with the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its area roughly confined to four modern states of India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.
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The cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a species of bear that lived in Europe during the Pleistocene and became extinct about 24,000 years ago during the Last Glacial Maximum.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Circular breathing is a technique used by players of some wind instruments to produce a continuous tone without interruption.
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The Classic of Poetry, also Shijing or Shih-ching, translated variously as the Book of Songs, Book of Odes, or simply known as the Odes or Poetry is the oldest existing collection of Chinese poetry, comprising 305 works dating from the 11th to 7th centuries BC.
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Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).
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A concert band, also called wind ensemble, symphonic band, wind symphony, wind orchestra, wind band, symphonic winds, symphony band, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments, along with the double bass.
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Confucius (September 28, 551 – 479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
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The contrabass flute is one of the rarer members of the flute family.
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The culture of India is the way of living of the people of India.
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Cuneiform script or is one of the earliest systems of writing, distinguished by its wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets, made by means of a blunt reed for a stylus.
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Dalbergia melanoxylon (African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal in South Africa.
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The danso (also spelled tanso) is a Korean notched, end-blown vertical bamboo flute used in Korean folk music.
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Diple, dvojnice, or dvojanke (pluralia tantum; pronounced, and) are a traditional woodwind musical instrument in Serbian, Croatian and Montenegrin music.
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The Divje Babe Flute is a cave bear femur pierced by spaced holes that was found in 1995 at the Divje Babe archeological park located near Cerkno in northwestern Slovenia.
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The dizi (pronounced), is a Chinese transverse flute.
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The double contrabass flute (sometimes also called the octobass flute or subcontrabass flute) with over 18 feet of tubing is the largest and lowest pitched metal flute in the world (the hyperbass flute has an even lower range, though it is made out of PVC pipes and wood).
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Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.
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Edge-blown aerophones is one of the categories of musical instruments found in the Hornbostel–Sachs system of musical instrument classification.
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The embouchure is the use of facial muscles and the shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece of woodwind instruments or the mouthpiece of the brass instruments.
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The end-blown flute (also called an edge-blown flute or rim-blown flute) is a keyless woodwind instrument played by directing an airstream against the sharp edge of the upper end of a tube.
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The femur (pl. femurs or femora), or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the center of the body) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles such as lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.
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A fife is a small, high-pitched, transverse flute, that is similar to the piccolo, but louder and shriller due to its narrower bore.
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A fipple is a constricted mouthpiece common to many end-blown flutes, such as the tin whistle and the recorder.
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The flageolet is a woodwind instrument and a member of the fipple flute family.
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A flue pipe (also referred to as a labial pipe) is an organ pipe that produces sound through the vibration of air molecules, in the same manner as a recorder or a whistle.
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In music, a Flute method is a kind of specific textbook style manual for playing the flute.
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The frula (фрула), also known as svirala (свирала) or jedinka, is a musical instrument which resembles a medium sized recorder or flute, traditionally played in Serbia.
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is the Japanese word for flute, and refers to a class of flutes native to Japan.
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The fujara originated in central Slovakia as a large sophisticated folk shepherd's overtone fipple flute of unique design.
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The fundamental frequency, often referred to simply as the fundamental, is defined as the lowest frequency of a periodic waveform.
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Geisenklösterle (Geißenklösterle) is a cave near Blaubeuren, Swabian Alb, Southern Germany.
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The gemshorn is an instrument of the ocarina family that was historically made from the horn of a chamois, goat, or other suitable animal.
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Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey.
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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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Gilgamesh (Gilgameš, originally Bilgamesh) is the main character in the Epic of Gilgamesh, an Akkadian poem that is considered the first great work of literature, and in earlier Sumerian poems.
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The Jiahu gǔdí (贾湖骨笛) is the oldest known musical instrument from China, dating back to around 6000 BC.
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Hand flute or Handflute is a sort of musical instrument made by the hands.
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The term harmonic in its strictest sense is any member of the harmonic series.
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Hindu has historically referred to geographical, religious or cultural identifier for people indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.
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Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.
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Hindustani classical music is the Hindustani or North Indian style of Indian classical music.
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is a Japanese syllabary, one basic component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (the Latin-script alphabet).
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The Hohle Fels (also Hohlefels, Hohler Fels, German for "hollow rock") is a cave in the Swabian Alps of Germany that has yielded a number of important archaeological finds dating to the Upper Paleolithic.
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Hornbostel–Sachs or Sachs–Hornbostel is a system of musical instrument classification devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914.
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Hubei (Postal map spelling: Hupeh) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the easternmost part of Central China.
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Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens) are the only extant members of the hominin clade (or human clade), a branch of the great apes; they are characterized by erect posture and bipedal locomotion, manual dexterity and increased tool use, and a general trend toward larger, more complex brains and societies.
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The hyperbass flute is the largest and lowest pitched instrument in the flute family, with tubing reaching over 15 metres in length.
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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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Indian classical music is the art music of the Indian subcontinent.
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The term Irish Flute (fliúít Gaelach) or "Scottish Flute" (in a Scottish setting)http://www.theflow.org.uk/articles/article_styles_scotland.html refers to a conical-bore, simple-system wooden flute of the type favoured by classical flautists of the early 19th century, or to a flute of modern manufacture derived from this design (often with modifications to optimize its use in Irish Traditional Music or Scottish Traditional Music).
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The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century and lasted until the 16th century, marking the transition between Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
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Use of the flute in jazz was a considered a novelty in the early years of jazz music, with the first recordings appearing only in the late 1920s.
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Jiahu was the site of a Neolithic settlement based in the central plain of ancient China, near the Yellow River.
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John Tyrrell (born 1942) is a British musicologist.
Jubal (or Yuval or Yubal) is a man mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, in.
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The kaval is a chromatic end-blown flute traditionally played throughout Azerbaijan, Turkey, Hungary, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania, southern Serbia (кавал), Ukraine, Moldova, northern Greece (καβάλι or τζαμάρα), Romania (caval), and Armenia (Բլուլ or blul).
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Kinnor (כִּנּוֹר) is an ancient Israelite musical instrument, the exact identification of which is unclear, but in the modern day is generally translated as "harp" or "lyre", and associated with a type of lyre depicted in Israelite imagery, particular the Bar Kochba coins.
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Kolkata, formerly Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
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Krishna (Sanskrit: कृष्ण, in IAST, pronounced) is a Hindu deity, worshipped across many traditions of Hinduism in a variety of different perspectives.
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Lacquer is a clear or coloured wood finish that dries by solvent evaporation or a curing process that produces a hard, durable finish.
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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
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The lyre (λύρα, lýra) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods.
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Madagascar (or; Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa.
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The ariary (sign: Ar; ISO 4217 code MGA) is the currency of Madagascar.
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A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.
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The Metropolitan Museum of Art (colloquially The Met), located in New York City, is the largest art museum in the United States and among the most visited art museums in the world.
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Middle English (ME) refers to the dialects of the English language spoken in parts of the British Isles after the Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century.
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Middle High German (Mittelhochdeutsch), abbreviated MHG (Mhd.), is the term used for the period in the history of the German language between 1050 and 1350.
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MSNBC is an American basic cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political opinion on current events.
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Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
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A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.
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A musician (or instrumentalist) is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.
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Nagercoil (நாகர்கோவில்,, lit. "Temple of the Nāgas") is a town in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari District.
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Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist and short story writer.
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The Native American flute is an end-blown flute fashioned either from cane (such as river cane), hardwood (such as walnut), or softwood (such as cedar).
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Nature is a British interdisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
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The Neanderthals or Neandertals, us also -, --, -, -) (named after the Neandertal area) were a species of human in the genus Homo that became extinct between 41,000 and 39,000 years ago. They were closely related to modern humans, differing in DNA by just 0.12%. Remains left by Neanderthals include bone and stone tools, which are found in Eurasia, from Western Europe to Central and Northern Asia and the Middle East. Neanderthals are generally classified by biologists as the species Homo neanderthalensis, but a minority considers them to be a subspecies of Homo sapiens (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis). Several cultural assemblages have been linked to the Neanderthals in Europe. The earliest, the Mousterian stone tool culture, dates to about 300,000 years ago. Late Mousterian artifacts were found in Gorham's Cave on the south-facing coast of Gibraltar. Neanderthals were large compared to Homo sapiens because they inhabited higher latitudes, in conformance with Bergmann's rule, and their larger stature explains their larger brain size because brain size generally increases with body size. With an average cranial capacity of 1600 cm3, the cranial capacity of Neanderthals is notably larger than the 1400 cm3 average for modern humans, indicating that their brain size was larger. Males stood and females tall. A 2008 study by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig suggested Neanderthals probably did not interbreed with anatomically modern humans, while the Neanderthal genome project published in 2010 and 2014 suggests that Neanderthals did contribute to the DNA of modern humans, including most non-Africans as well as a few African populations, through interbreeding, likely between 50,000 to 60,000 years ago. In December 2013, researchers reported evidence that Neanderthals practiced burial behavior and intentionally buried their dead. In addition, scientists reported having sequenced the entire genome of a Neanderthal for the first time. The genome was extracted from the toe bone of a 50,000-year-old Neanderthal found in a Siberian cave.
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New Delhi is a district in Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India.
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New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
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The ney (نی / نای), is an end-blown flute that figures prominently in Middle Eastern music.
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The is a high pitched, Japanese bamboo transverse flute or.
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The nose flute is a popular musical instrument played in Polynesia and the Pacific Rim countries.
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The ocarina or is an ancient wind musical instrument—a type of vessel flute.
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In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
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Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French ancien français) was the Gallo-Romance dialect continuum spoken from the 9th century to the 14th century.
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Old Occitan (Modern Occitan: occitan ancian, occità antic), also called Old Provençal, was the earliest form of the Occitano-Romance languages, as attested in writings dating from the eighth through the fourteenth centuries.
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An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble that contains sections of string (violin, viola, cello and double bass), brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments.
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An organ pipe is a sound-producing element of the pipe organ that resonates at a specific pitch when pressurized air (commonly referred to as wind) is driven through it.
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The palendag, also called Pulalu (Manobo and Mansaka), Palandag (Bagobo), Pulala (Bukidnon) and Lumundeg (Banuwaen) is a type of Philippine bamboo flute, the largest one used by the Maguindanaon, a smaller type of this instrument is called the Hulakteb (Bukidnon).
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A number of flutes dating to the European Upper Paleolithic have been discovered.
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The panflutes are a group of musical instruments based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting of multiple pipes of gradually increasing length (and occasionally girth).
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The piccolo (Italian for "small", but named ottavino in Italy) is a half-size flute, and a member of the woodwind family of musical instruments.
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Pipe and tabor is a pair of instruments played by a single player, consisting of a three-hole pipe played with one hand, and a small drum played with the other.
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The pipe organ (also known as church organ or chapel organ) is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through pipes selected via a keyboard.
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Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
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The quena (hispanicized spelling of Quechua qina, sometimes also written kena in English) is the traditional flute of the Andes.
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Philibert Rabezoza (1923 – 29 September 2001), better known by the name Rakoto Frah, was a flautist and composer of traditional music of the central highlands of Madagascar.
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In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.
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The recorder is a family of woodwind musical instruments of the group known as fipple flutes or internal duct flutes—whistle-like instruments that include the tin whistle.
A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument.
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Reedless wind instruments are wind instruments that do not have moving parts in their mouthpieces.
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In physics, resonance is a phenomenon that occurs when a given system is driven by another vibrating system or external force to oscillate with greater amplitude at a specific preferential frequency.
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A resonator is a device or system that exhibits resonance or resonant behavior, that is, it naturally oscillates at some frequencies, called its resonant frequencies, with greater amplitude than at others.
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Rough Guides Ltd is a travel guidebook and reference publisher, owned by Penguin Random House.
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The is a Japanese end-blown flute.
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Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a nation state in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
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A Sodina is a woodwind instrument commonly played in Malagasy music and a member of the aerophone family of instruments.
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The soprano flute is a type of flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family.
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In physics, sound is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechanical wave of pressure and displacement, through a medium such as air or water.
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The sring (Armenian: սրինգ, also transliterated as srink) is a shepherd's flute originating in Eastern Armenia (the Caucasus region).
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Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930, Wembley – 21 March 2005, Cossington, Somerset) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
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Suizhou, formerly Sui County, is a prefecture-level city in northern Hubei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan province to the north and east.
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A suling or Seruling is a Southeast Asian bamboo ring flute especially in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore.
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Sumerian ("native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer, a language isolate which was spoken in northern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).
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The Swabian Jura (more rarely), sometimes also named Swabian Alps in English, is a low mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, extending from southwest to northeast and in width.
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Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.
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The House of Fame (Hous of Fame in the original spelling) is a Middle English poem by Geoffrey Chaucer, probably written between 1379 and 1380, making it one of his earlier works.
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The Marble Faun: Or, The Romance of Monte Beni, also known by the British title Transformation, was the last of the four major romances by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and was published in 1860.
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Theobald Böhm (or Boehm) (April 9, 1794 – November 25, 1881) was a German inventor and musician, who perfected the modern Western concert flute and its improved fingering system (now known as the "Boehm system").
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The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger and stronger of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.
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The tin whistle, also called the penny whistle, English flageolet, Scottish penny whistle, tin flageolet, Irish whistle, feadóg stáin (or simply feadóg) and Clarke London FlageoletThe Clarke Tin Whistle By Bill Ochs is a simple, six-holed woodwind instrument.
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The Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng is an important archaeological site in Suizhou, Hubei, China, dated sometime after 433 BC.
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The Tonette is a small, end-blown flute made of plastic, which was once popular in American elementary music education.
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A transverse flute or side-blown flute is a flute which is held horizontally when played.
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Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube.
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The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time.
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The venu (Sanskrit: वेणु) is a bamboo transverse flute used in the Carnatic music.
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The Venus of Hohle Fels (also known as the Venus of Schelklingen; in German variously Venus vom Hohlen Fels, vom Hohle Fels; Venus von Schelklingen) is an Upper Paleolithic figurine of a woman hewn from the ivory of a mammoth tusk that was found in 2008 near Schelklingen, Germany.
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The vertical flute is either (1) a rim-blown (notched or un-notched) flute, (2) a tubular duct flute, with tapered bore or (3) a transversely blown flute, Giorgi flute, designed to be played in an upright position.
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Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by some closed boundary, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.
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Vulture is the name given to two groups of scavenging birds of prey: the New World vultures, including the Californian and Andean condors; and the Old World vultures, including the birds that are seen scavenging on carcasses of dead animals on African plains.
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The washint is an end-blown wooden flute originally used by the Amhara people in Ethiopia.
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The Western concert flute is a transverse (side-blown) woodwind instrument made of metal or wood.
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An aerodynamic whistle (or call) is a simple aerophone, an instrument which produces sound from a stream of gas, most commonly air.
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Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments.
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The xiao (pronounced) is a Chinese vertical end-blown flute.
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The xun (Cantonese.
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The Zhou dynasty was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
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