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G-20 major economies

The Group of Twenty (also known as the G-20 or G20) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. [1]

333 relations: African Union, Agus Martowardojo, Agustín Carstens, Ahmet Davutoğlu, Alejandro Vanoli, Alexandre Tombini, Andrzej Duda, Angela Merkel, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Antalya, Anton Siluanov, Argentina, Arun Jaitley, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Asian Development Bank, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Australia, Austria, Axel Kicillof, Azerbaijan, Ban Ki-moon, Barack Obama, Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, Belgium, Benin, Berlin, Brazil, Bretton Woods system, BRICS, Brisbane, Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, Brookings Institution, Brunei, Caio Koch-Weser, Cambodia, Canada, Cannes, Central bank, Centre for International Governance Innovation, Cevdet Yılmaz, Chairperson of the African Union, Chancellor of Germany, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Chief executive officer, Chile, China, Choi Kyoung-hwan, Christian Noyer, Christine Lagarde, COEX Convention & Exhibition Center, ..., Colombia, Commonwealth of Independent States, Commonwealth of Nations, Congress of Vienna, Council of the European Union, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Crony capitalism, Danish Institute for International Studies, David Cameron, David L. 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African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 54 countries in Africa.

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Agus Martowardojo

Agus Dermawan Wintarto Martowardojo is the current Governor of Bank Indonesia since May 23, 2013.

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Agustín Carstens

Agustín Guillermo Carstens Carstens (born in Mexico City), is a Mexican economist who has served as Governor of the Bank of Mexico since.

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Ahmet Davutoğlu

Ahmet Davutoğlu (born 26 February 1959) is a Turkish academic, politician and former diplomat who has been the Prime Minister of Turkey since 28 August 2014 and as the leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) since 27 August 2014.

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Alejandro Vanoli

Alejandro Vanoli (born April 10, 1961) is an Argentine economist and public official, currently President of the Central Bank of Argentina.

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Alexandre Tombini

Alexandre Antônio Tombini (born December 9, 1963 in Porto Alegre) is a Brazilian economist.

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Andrzej Duda

Andrzej Sebastian Duda (born 16 May 1972) is a Polish lawyer and politician, since 2015 serving as the sixth President of Poland.

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Angela Merkel

Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a German politician and former research scientist who has been the Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and the Leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.

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Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

The internationally recognised Ukrainian territory of Crimea was annexed by the Russian Federation in March 2014.

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Antalya

Antalya is the eighth most populous city in Turkey and the capital of its eponymous province.

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Anton Siluanov

Anton Germanovich Siluanov (p; born 12 April 1963 in Moscow) is a Russian politician and economist.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.

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Arun Jaitley

Arun Jaitley (born 28 December 1952) is a Bharatiya Janata Party politician, currently serving as Minister for Finance, Corporate Affairs, Information, and Broadcasting, in the Government of India and also as Leader of the House in the Rajya Sabha.

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Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.

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Asian Development Bank

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 22 August 1966 which is headquartered in Metro Manila, Philippines, to facilitate economic development in Asia.

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Association of Southeast Asian Nations

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a political and economic organisation of ten Southeast Asian countries.

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Australia

Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe.

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Axel Kicillof

Axel Kicillof (born 25 September 1971) is an Argentine economist who was appointed Argentina's Minister of Economy on November 18, 2013.

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Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

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Ban Ki-moon

Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean statesman and politician who is the eighth and current Secretary-General of the United Nations.

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Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office.

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Basel Committee on Banking Supervision

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) is a committee of banking supervisory authorities that was established by the central bank governors of the Group of Ten countries in 1974.

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Belgium

Belgium (België; Belgique; Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe.

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Benin

Benin (or; Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.

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Berlin

Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of the 16 states of Germany.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.

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Bretton Woods system

The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australasia and Japan in the mid-20th century.

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BRICS

BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

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Brisbane

Brisbane is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.

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Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre

Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre (BCEC) is a convention centre in Brisbane, Australia.

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Brookings Institution

The Brookings Institution is an American think tank based on Embassy Row in Washington, D.C., USA.

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Brunei

Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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Caio Koch-Weser

Caio Kai Koch-Weser (born July 25, 1944 in Rolândia, Brazil) is a German economist, civil servant and business executive.

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Cambodia

Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, Kampuchea), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Preah Reacheanachak Kampuchea) and once known as the Khmer Empire, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Canada

Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.

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Cannes

Cannes (in Occitan Canas) is a city located on the French Riviera.

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Central bank

A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.

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Centre for International Governance Innovation

The Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI, pronounced "see-jee") is an independent, non-partisan think tank on global governance.

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Cevdet Yılmaz

Cevdet Yılmaz (born April 1, 1967) is a Turkish politician who has served as a Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey in the interim election government formed by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu on 28 August 2015.

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Chairperson of the African Union

The Chairperson of the African Union is the ceremonial head of the African Union elected by the Assembly of Heads of State for one year.

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Chancellor of Germany

The Chancellor of Germany is the head of government of Germany.

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Chancellor of the Exchequer

The Chancellor of the Exchequer is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.

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Chief executive officer

A chief executive officer (CEO in American English) or managing director (MD in British English) describes the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, or administrator in charge of managing a non-profit or for-profit organization.

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Chile

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Choi Kyoung-hwan

Choi Kyoung-hwan (born June 22, 1955) is a member of the National Assembly of South Korea in the Hannara Party.

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Christian Noyer

Christian Noyer (born 6 October 1950) is a French higher civil servant, current Governor of the Bank of France (since 2003), and former vice-president of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank (1998–2002).

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Christine Lagarde

Christine Madeleine Odette Lagarde (née Lallouette,; born 1 January 1956 in Paris) is a French lawyer and Union for a Popular Movement politician who has been the Managing Director (MD) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) since 5 July 2011.

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COEX Convention & Exhibition Center

Coex Convention & Exhibition Center located in Samseong-dong of Gangnam-gu district, Seoul, is one of South Korea's largest convention and exhibition centers.

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Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.

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Commonwealth of Independent States

The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS; r; also called the Russian Commonwealth) is a regional organisation whose participating countries are former Soviet Republics, formed during the breakup of the Soviet Union.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.

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Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815.

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Council of the European Union

The Council of the European Union (often still referred to as the Council of Ministers, or sometimes just called the Council (Consilium)) is the third of the seven institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union.

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Cristina Fernández de Kirchner

Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner (born 19 February 1953), known as Cristina Kirchner and often referred to by her initials CFK, is the current President of Argentina and widow of former president Néstor Kirchner.

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Crony capitalism

Crony capitalism is a term describing an economy in which success in business depends on close relationships between business people and government officials.

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Danish Institute for International Studies

The Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) is an independent research institution engaged in research in international affairs.

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David Cameron

David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who has served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 2010, as Leader of the Conservative Party since 2005 and as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Witney since 2001.

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David L. Lawrence Convention Center

The David L. Lawrence Convention Center (DLLCC) is a convention, conference and exhibition building in downtown Pittsburgh in the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey

The Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey is the official Deputy of the Head of Government of Turkey.

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Der Spiegel

Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.

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Development Assistance Committee

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) is a forum to discuss issues surrounding aid, development and poverty reduction in developing countries.

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Dilma Rousseff

Dilma Vana Rousseff (born 14 December 1947) is a Brazilian economist and politician currently serving as the 36th President of Brazil.

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Director-General of the World Trade Organization

The Director-General of the World Trade Organization is responsible for supervising the administrative functions of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

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Donald Markwell

For the Montgomery, Alabama, talk radio personality, see Don Markwell Donald John "Don" Markwell (born 19 April 1959) is an Australian social scientist and educational leader.

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Donald Tusk

Donald Franciszek Tusk (born 22 April 1957) is a Polish politician who has been President of the European Council since 1 December 2014.

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Economic security

Economic security or financial security is the condition of having stable income or other resources to support a standard of living now and in the foreseeable future.

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Economy of Poland

The Economy of Poland is the largest economy in Central Europe, sixth-largest in the EU and the largest among the ex-communist members of the European Union.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Elvira Nabiullina

Elvira Sakhipzadovna Nabiullina (Эльвира Сахипзадовна Набиуллина.; Эльвира Сәхипзада ҡыҙы Нәбиуллина; born 29 October 1963) is a Tatar born-Russian economist and head of the Central Bank of Russia.

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Emerging power

An emerging power or rising power is a term used as recognition of the rising, primarily economic, influence of a nation—or union of nations—which has steadily increased their presence in global affairs.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Enrique Peña Nieto

Enrique Peña Nieto (born 20 July 1966) is the 57th President of Mexico.

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Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea (Guinea Ecuatorial, Guinée équatoriale, Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (República de Guinea Ecuatorial, République de Guinée équatoriale, República da Guiné Equatorial), is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of.

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Erdem Başçı

Erdem Başçı (born 1966) is a Turkish economist and the current Governor of the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey since April 2011.

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Ernst & Young

Ernst & Young (trading as EY) is a multinational professional services firm headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Eurasian Economic Community

The Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC or EurAsEC) was a regional organisation between 2000 and 2014 which aimed for the economic integration of its member states.

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European Central Bank

The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for the euro and administers monetary policy of the Eurozone, which consists of 19 EU member states and is one of the largest currency areas in the world.

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European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

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European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro

The Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro is the member of the European Commission responsible for economic and financial affairs.

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European Commissioner for Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud

The Commissioner for Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud is the member of the European Commission.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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ExCeL London

ExCeL London (Exhibition Centre London) (often referred to as the ExCeL Exhibition Centre) is an exhibitions and international convention centre in the London Borough of Newham.

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Federal Ministry of Finance (Germany)

The Federal Ministry of Finance (Bundesministerium der Finanzen), abbreviated BMF, is the cabinet-level finance ministry of Germany, with its seat at the Detlev-Rohwedder-Haus in Berlin and a secondary office in Bonn.

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Felipe Calderón

Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa GCB (born August 18, 1962) is a Mexican politician who served as President of Mexico from December 1, 2006, to November 30, 2012.

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Finance minister

A finance minister is an executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.

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Financial crisis of 2007–08

The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

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Financial Stability Board

The Financial Stability Board (FSB) is an international body that monitors and makes recommendations about the global financial system.

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Italian: Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is an agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

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Forbes

Forbes is an American business magazine owned by Forbes, Inc.

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Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy is a news publication, founded in 1970, that is focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.

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Fox News Channel

Fox News Channel (FNC), also known as Fox News, is an American basic cable and satellite news television channel that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group subsidiary of 21st Century Fox. As of February 2015, approximately 94,700,000 American households (81.4% of cable, satellite & telco customers) receive the Fox News Channel. The channel broadcasts primarily from studios at Rockefeller Center in New York City. The channel was created by Australian-American media mogul Rupert Murdoch, who hired former Republican Party media consultant and NBC executive Roger Ailes as its founding CEO. It launched on October 7, 1996, to 17 million cable subscribers. It grew during the late 1990s and 2000s to become the dominant cable news network in the United States. Fox News Channel has been accused of biased reporting and promoting the Republican Party. Fox News Channel employees have responded that news reporting and political commentary operate independently, and have denied bias in news reporting.

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Fractional-reserve banking

Fractional-reserve banking is the practice whereby a bank accepts deposits, and holds reserves that are a fraction of the amount of its deposit liabilities.

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François Hollande

François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Frances Stewart

Frances Julia Stewart (born 4 August 1940), is professor of development economics and director of the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE), University of Oxford.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.

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G20 (disambiguation)

G20 or G-20 may refer to.

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G33 (industrialized countries)

The Group of 33 was an international grouping that existed briefly in 1999, comprising the thirty-three leading national economies of the world.

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G8 (forum)

The Group of Eight is a governmental political forum.

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George Osborne

George Osborne (born Gideon Oliver Osborne; 23 May 1971) is a British politician and member of the Conservative Party who has been First Secretary of State since 2015, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Second Lord of the Treasury since 2010 and Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton since 2001.

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George W. Bush

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, and the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

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Glenn Stevens

Glenn Robert Stevens (born 23 January 1958) is an Australian economist and the current Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia.

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Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations

Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations is an academic quarterly journal published by Lynne Rienner Publishers.

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Gordon Brown

James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 until 2010.

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Great power

A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.

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Great Recession

The Global Recession was the general economic decline observed in world markets around the end of the first decade of the 21st century.

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Gross world product

The gross world product (GWP) is the combined gross national product of all the countries in the world.

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Group of 22

The Group of 22 (G22 or Willard Group) was announced by the leaders of APEC in 1997.

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Guido Mantega

Guido Mantega (born 7 April 1949 in Genoa, Italy) is an Italian Brazilian economist, and politician who was Brazil's Finance Minister.

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Gulf Cooperation Council

The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية), originally (and still colloquially) known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC, مجلس التعاون الخليجي), is a regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq.

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Guy Ryder

Guy Ryder, (born Liverpool, UK, 3 January 1956) is the 10th Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO).

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Hangzhou

Hangzhou, formerly romanised as Hangchow, is the capital and largest city of Zhejiang Province in Eastern China.

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Hans Eichel

Hans Eichel is a German politician (SPD) and the co-founder of the G20.

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Haruhiko Kuroda

, is 31st and current Governor of the Bank of Japan (BOJ).

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Head of government

Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony who often presides over a cabinet.

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Head of state

A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.

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Headquarters

Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.

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Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

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Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Assaf

Ibrahim bin Abdulaziz bin Abdullah Al-Assaf (إبراهيم بن عبد العزيز بن عبد الله العساف; born 28 January 1949) is the current finance minister of Saudi Arabia.

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Ignazio Visco

Ignazio Visco (born 21 November 1949) is an Italian economist and the current Governor of the Bank of Italy.

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India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Information activism

An information activist is someone who works to make information available to the general population.

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International

International mostly means something (a company, language, or organization) involving more than a single country.

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International Business Times

The International Business Times is an online news publication, comprising seven national editions and four languages.

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International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".

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International trade

International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories, which could involve the activities of the government and individual.

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Iran

Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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Jack Lew

Jacob Joseph "Jack" Lew (born August 29, 1955) is an American government administrator and attorney who is the 76th and current United States Secretary of the Treasury, serving since 2013.

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Jacob Zuma

Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma, GCB (born 12 April 1942) is the President of South Africa, elected by parliament following his party's victory in the 2009 general election.

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James K. Glassman

James Kenneth Glassman (born January 1, 1947) is the founding executive director of the George W. Bush Institute, a public policy development institution focused on creating independent, non-partisan solutions to America's most pressing public policy problems through the principles that guided President George W. Bush and his wife Laura in public life.

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Jan Fischer (politician)

Jan Fischer (born 2 January 1951) is a Czech politician was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from May 2009 to June 2010, heading a caretaker government.

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Janet Yellen

Janet Louise Yellen (born August 13, 1946) is an American economist.

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Japan

Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.

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Jean-Claude Juncker

Jean-Claude Juncker (born 9 December 1954) is a Luxembourgish politician who has been President of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union (EU), since 2014.

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Jens Weidmann

Jens Weidmann (born 20 April 1968) is a German economist and president of the Deutsche Bundesbank.

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Jim Yong Kim

Jim Yong Kim MD, PhD, also known as Kim Yong (born December 8, 1959), is a Korean American physician and anthropologist who has served as the 12th President of the World Bank since July 1, 2012.

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Joaquim Levy

Joaquim Vieira Ferreira Levy (born February 17, 1961) is a Brazilian economist who is currently Brazil's Finance Minister.

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Joe Oliver (politician)

Joseph "Joe" Oliver (born May 20, 1940) is a Canadian politician and Member of Parliament, currently serving as the Minister of Finance.

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John Kirton

John James Kirton (born 1948) is a professor of political science and the director and co-founder of the G8 Research Group, co-director (with Alan Alexandroff and Donald Brean) and founder of the G20 Research Group, founder and co-director (with James Orbinski) of the Global Health Diplomacy Program, and founder and co-founder (with Marina Larionova of the National Research University - Higher School of Economics) of the BRICS Research Group, all housed at the Munk School of Global Affairs at University of Trinity College in the University of Toronto.

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John Maynard Keynes

John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, CB, FBA (5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946), was a British economist whose ideas fundamentally affected the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments.

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Joko Widodo

Joko "Jokowi" Widodo (Javanese: Kamus Pepak Basa Jawa,Sudaryanto/Pranowo, 2001, #1359 Gêdrìk: Jåkå Widådå; O-Javanese: Jaka Widada; born 21 June 1961) is the President of Indonesia.

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Jonas Gahr Støre

Jonas Gahr Støre (born 25 August 1960) is a Norwegian politician and the leader of the Labour Party.

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José Ángel Gurría

José Ángel Gurría Treviño (born 8 May 1950), also known as Ángel Gurría, is a Mexican economist and diplomat.

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Julie Bishop

Julie Isabel Bishop (born 17 July 1956) is an Australian politician, serving as the Minister for Foreign Affairs since 2013 and the Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party since 2007.

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Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan (Қазақстан.), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia, with a minor part west of the Ural River and thus in Europe.

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King of Saudi Arabia

The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's head of state and absolute monarch (i.e. head of government).

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Law and Justice

Law and Justice (Polish), abbreviated to PiS, is a national-conservative political party in Poland.

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Lawrence Summers

Lawrence Henry "Larry" Summers (born November 30, 1954) is an American economist who is President Emeritus and Charles W. Eliot University Professor of Harvard University.

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Lê Lương Minh

Lê Lương Minh (born 1 September 1952) is a Vietnamese politician and diplomat and the current Secretary General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

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Lech Kaczyński

Lech Aleksander Kaczyński (18 June 194910 April 2010) was a Polish lawyer and politician who served as the President of Poland from 2005 until 2010 and as Mayor of Warsaw from 2002 until 22 December 2005.

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Lee Ju-yeol

Lee Ju-yeol (born 24 July 1952) is a South Korean economist and technocrat who was appointed Governor of the Bank of Korea, the South Korean central bank, on 1 April 2014.

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Lee Myung-bak

Lee Myung-bak (born December 19, 1941) was the 10th President of South Korea from February 25, 2008, to February 25, 2013.

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Lesetja Kganyago

Lesetja Kganyago is a South African economist and central banker.

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List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.

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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

This article includes four lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values.

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List of countries by GDP (PPP)

This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.

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List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita

This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.

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List of G-20 summits

The following list of G-20 summits summarizes all Group of 20 conferences held at various different levels: heads of government, finance ministers and central bank governors, employment and labour ministers of the G-20 major economies, and others.

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List of Italian Ministers of Economy and Finances

This is a list of Italian Ministers of Economy and Finances since the Ministry of Economy and Finances' creation in 2001 by the fusion of two former ministries, the Ministry of Economy and the Ministry of Finances.

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List of Ministers of Finance of Indonesia

The Finance Minister of Indonesia is the Head of the Ministry of Finance of Indonesia.

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List of Presidents of Senegal

The President of Senegal is the head of state of Senegal.

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List of Presidents of Zimbabwe

The President of Zimbabwe is the head of state of Zimbabwe, elected by popular majority vote.

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List of Secretaries-General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

This is a list of Secretaries-General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

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List of states with nuclear weapons

There are eight sovereign states that have successfully detonated nuclear weapons.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Los Cabos Municipality

Los Cabos is a municipality located at the southern tip of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, in the state of Baja California Sur.

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Lou Jiwei

Lou Jiwei (born December 1950), is a Chinese politician and Minister of Finance.

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Luis Videgaray Caso

Luis Videgaray Caso (born Mexico City, August 10, 1968) is a Mexican politician who serves as the Secretary of Finance and Public Credit in the cabinet of Enrique Peña Nieto.

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Macky Sall

Macky Sall (born 11 December 1961) is a Senegalese politician who has been President of Senegal since April 2012.

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Malawi

Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.

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Malcolm Turnbull

Malcolm Bligh Turnbull (born 24 October 1954) is an Australian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the Liberal Party since 2015, and as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Wentworth since 2004.

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Mariano Rajoy

Mariano Rajoy Brey (born 27 March 1955) is a Spanish politician who has been the Prime Minister of Spain, since 2011 and leader of the People's Party since 2004.

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Mario Draghi

Mario Draghi (born 3 September 1947) is an Italian economist, manager and banker who succeeded Jean-Claude Trichet as the President of the European Central Bank on 1 November 2011.

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Mark Carney

Mark Joseph Carney, (born March 16, 1965) is a Canadian central banker and the current Governor of the Bank of England and Chairman of the G20's Financial Stability Board.

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Matteo Renzi

Matteo Renzi (born 11 January 1975) is an Italian politician who has been Prime Minister of Italy since 22 February 2014 and the Secretary of the Democratic Party since 15 December 2013.

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Mauritania

Mauritania (موريتانيا; Berber: Muritanya or Agawej; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa.

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Metro Toronto Convention Centre

Metro Toronto Convention Centre (originally and still colloquially Metro Convention Centre, and sometimes MTCC), is a convention complex located in downtown Toronto, Ontario along Front Street West in the former Railway Lands.

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Mexico

Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.

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Michel Sapin

Michel Sapin (born 9 April 1952) is a French politician who has served in the government of France as Minister of Finance since 2014.

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Micronation

A micronation, sometimes referred to as a model country or new country project, is an entity that claims to be an independent nation or state but is not officially recognized by world governments or major international organizations.

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Middle power

In international relations, a middle power is a sovereign state that is not a superpower or a great power, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.

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MIKTA

MIKTA is an association of the five major middle powers Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, Turkey, and Australia.

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Minister of Finance (Canada)

The Minister of Finance (Ministre des Finances) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible each year for presenting the federal government's budget.

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Minister of Finance (India)

The Minister of Finance (or simply, finance minister) is the head of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India.

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Minister of Finance (Japan)

The is the member of the Cabinet of Japan in charge of the Ministry of Finance.

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Minister of Finance (South Africa)

The Minister of Finance is a minister in the Cabinet of South Africa who is the political head of the National Treasury.

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Minister of the Economy, Finances and Industry (France)

The Minister of the Economy, Finances and Industry (French: Ministre de l'Économie, des Finances et de l'Industrie), called the Minister of Finance for short, is one of the most prominent positions in the cabinet of France after the Prime Minister.

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Ministry of Economy and Public Finances (Argentina)

The Ministry of Economy and Public Finances is concerned with finance and monetary matters.

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Ministry of Finance (Brazil)

The Ministry of Finance (Ministério da Fazenda) of Brazil was created in 1808 with the title Secretaria de Estado dos Negócios do Brasil e da Fazenda.

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Ministry of Finance (Russia)

Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation (Министерство финансов Российской Федерации, Минфин России, MinFin) is a federal ministry, responsible for general financial policy and for general management in the field of finance of the Russian Federation.

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Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China

The Ministry of Finance of the Government of the People's Republic of China is the national executive agency of the Central People's Government which administers macroeconomic policies and the national annual budget.

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Ministry of Strategy and Finance (South Korea)

The Ministry of Strategy & Finance (abbreviated to MOSF) oversees the financial policies of the South Korean government.

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Mirek Topolánek

Mirek Topolánek (born 15 May 1956) was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from 2006 to 2009.

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Myanmar

Myanmar (or (also with the stress on first syllable)), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.

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Najib Razak

Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (born 23 July 1953) is the sixth and current Prime Minister of Malaysia.

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Narendra Modi

Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is the 15th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since 26 May 2014.

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National Building Museum

The National Building Museum, historically known as the Pension Building, in Washington, D.C., United States, is a museum of "architecture, design, engineering, construction, and urban planning".

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National Taxpayers Union

National Taxpayers Union (NTU) is a conservative taxpayers advocacy organization and taxpayers union in the United States, founded in 1969 by James Dale Davidson.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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New Delhi

New Delhi is a district in Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India.

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New Partnership for Africa's Development

The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is an economic development program of the African Union.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Ngaire Woods

Ngaire Woods (pronounced "nyree") is the Founding Dean of the Blavatnik School of Government and Professor of Global Economic Governance at the University of Oxford.

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Nhlanhla Nene

Nhlanhla Musa Nene (born 5 December 1958) is the Minister of Finance of South Africa, appointed on 25 May 2014.

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Nicolas Sarkozy

Nicolas Sarkozy (born Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa; 28 January 1955) is a French politician who served as the President of France and Co-prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.

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Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.

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Nuclear sharing

Nuclear sharing is a concept in NATO's policy of nuclear deterrence, which involves member countries without nuclear weapons of their own in the planning for the use of nuclear weapons by NATO, and in particular provides for the armed forces of these countries to be involved in delivering these weapons in the event of their use.

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.

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Palais des Festivals et des Congrès

The first Palais des Festivals et des Congrès was a building built in 1949 to host the Cannes Film Festival.

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Paris

Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.

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Park Geun-hye

is the eleventh and current President of South Korea.

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Paul Martin

Paul Edgar Philippe Martin (born August 28, 1938), also known as Paul Martin Jr., is a Canadian politician who was the 21st Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada after being the Canadian Minister of Finance.

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Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council

The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5, include the following five governments: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

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Pier Carlo Padoan

Pier Carlo Padoan (born 19 January 1950, Rome) is an Italian economist who has been the Minister of Economy and Finances of Italy since 2014.

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Pierre Moscovici

Pierre Moscovici (born September 16, 1957) is European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs.

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Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh is the second largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania with a population of 305,842 and the county seat of Allegheny County.

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Poland

Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.

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Polish presidential election, 2015

A presidential election in two rounds was held in Poland on 10 and 24 May 2015.

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Political science

Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity and political behavior.

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Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.

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Presidency of the Council of the European Union

The Presidency of the Council of the European Union is responsible for the functioning of the Council of the European Union, the upper house of the EU legislature.

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President of Argentina

The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is the head of state of Argentina.

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President of Brazil

The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil), or simply the President of the Republic, is both head of state and head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.

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President of France

The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française), is the executive head of state of the French Fifth Republic.

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President of Indonesia

The President of the Republic of Indonesia (Presiden Republik Indonesia) is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of Indonesia.

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President of Mexico

The President of the United Mexican States (Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is the head of state and government of Mexico.

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President of Russia

The President of the Russian Federation (Президент Российской Федерации, Romanized: President Rossiiskoi Federatsii) is the head of state, Supreme Commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Russian Federation.

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President of South Africa

The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa.

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President of South Korea

The President of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대통령; 大韓民國大統領) is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairman of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.

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President of the European Commission

The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission (the executive branch of the:European Union) and therefore the most powerful officeholder in the EU, (loosely) analogous to the role of a country's Prime-Minister / Head of Government (as opposed to the separate role of President of the European Council, who could be seen as the European Union's Head of State) – although, unlike a national head of government, the President of the Commission does not determine foreign policy, command troops or raise taxes.

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President of the European Council

The President of the European Council (sometimes referred to as the President of the European Union) is a principal representative of the European Union (EU) on the world stage, and the person presiding over and driving forward the work of the European Council.

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President of the People's Republic of China

The President of the People's Republic of China (PRC) is the head of state of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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President of the United States

The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.

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Prime Minister of Australia

The Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia is the head of government in Australia.

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Prime Minister of Canada

The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus head of government for Canada, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or federal viceroy on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.

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Prime Minister of India

The Prime Minister of India (Hindi: भारत के प्रधानमंत्री Bhārat kē Pradhānmantrī), as addressed to in the Constitution of India, is the chief of government, chief adviser to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in the parliament.

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Prime Minister of Italy

The Prime Minister of Italy, officially the President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri della Repubblica Italiana), is the head of government of the Italian Republic.

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Prime Minister of Japan

The is the head of government of Japan.

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Prime Minister of Malaysia

The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government in Malaysia.

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Prime Minister of Spain

The President of the Government of Spain The English Style Guide (Fifth edition: 2005 Revised: March 2009) published by the European Commission Directorate-General for Translation states the following: 19.29 Spain.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.

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Prime Minister of Turkey

The Prime Minister of Turkey (Turkish: Başbakan) is the head of government of Turkey.

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Purchasing power parity

Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.

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Raghuram Rajan

Raghuram Govind Rajan (born 3 February 1963) is the current and the 23rd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, having taken charge of India's central banking institution on 4 September 2013, and succeeding Duvvuri Subbarao.

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Real versus nominal value (economics)

In economics, a nominal value is an economic value expressed in historical nominal monetary terms.

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Regional power

In international relations, a regional power is a state that has power within a geographic region.

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Robert Gilpin

Robert Gilpin (born 1930) is a scholar of international political economy and the professor emeritus of Politics and International Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.

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Robert Mugabe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is the current President of Zimbabwe, serving since 31 December 1987.

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Roberto Azevêdo

Roberto Carvalho de Azevêdo (born 3 October 1957) is a Brazilian diplomat and the current Director-General of the World Trade Organization.

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Routledge

Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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Russia

Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is the second largest city in Russia, politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city).

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Salman of Saudi Arabia

Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود,, Najdi Arabic pronunciation:; born (31 December 1935) is the King of Saudi Arabia, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and the head of the House of Saud. He served as the deputy governor and then the Governor of Riyadh for 48 years from 1963 to 2011. He was appointed as defense minister in 2011. He was also named the Crown Prince in 2012 following the death of his brother Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. Salman was crowned as the new king of Saudi Arabia on 23 January 2015 following the death of his half brother, King Abdullah. Among the most notable events during his ruling were Saudi Arabia's military intervention in Yemen and 2015 Mina stampede.

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Scott Morrison (politician)

Scott John Morrison (born 13 May 1968) is an Australian politician.

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Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (Mexico)

The Mexican Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público, SHCP) is the finance ministry.

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Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations.

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Senegal

Senegal (le Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.

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Seoul

Seoul – officially the Seoul Special City – is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea, forming the heart of the Seoul Capital Area, which includes the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province, the world's second largest metropolitan area with over 25.6 million people.

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Shinzō Abe

is the Prime Minister of Japan, re-elected to the position in December 2012.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the ''Lion City'', the ''Garden City'', and the ''Red Dot'', is a leading global city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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Spanish language

Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.

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Stephen Harper

Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is a Canadian politician who is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and the Leader of the Conservative Party.

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Stephen Poloz

Stephen S. Poloz is a Canadian banker and current Governor of the Bank of Canada.

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Strelna

Strelna (Стре́льна) is a municipal settlement in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located about halfway between St. Petersburg proper and Petergof and overlooking the shore of the Gulf of Finland.

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Sustainable energy

Sustainable energy is the form of energy obtained from non-exhaustible resources, such that the provision of this form of energy serves the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Switzerland

Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.

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Taiwan

Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Tarō Asō

is a Japanese politician, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance.

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Thailand

Thailand (or; ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย), formerly known as Siam (สยาม), is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Mainland Southeast Asia.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

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The Korea Times

The Korea Times is the oldest of three English-language newspapers published daily in South Korea.

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The Wall Street Journal

The Wall Street Journal is a business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.

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Third World

The term Third World arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO, or the Communist Bloc.

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Timothy Geithner

Timothy Franz "Tim" Geithner (born August 18, 1961) is an American economic policy maker and central banker who served as the 75th United States Secretary of the Treasury, under President Barack Obama, from 2009 to 2013.

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Tony Abbott

Anthony John "Tony" Abbott (born 4 November 1957) is an Australian politician who was the 28th Prime Minister of Australia from 18 September 2013 to 15 September 2015.

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Toronto

Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the capital of the province of Ontario.

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Treasurer of Australia

The Treasurer of Australia is the minister in the Government of Australia responsible for government expenditure and revenue raising.

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Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.

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Trevor Manuel

Trevor Andrew Manuel (born 31 January 1956) is a South African politician who served in the government of South Africa as Minister of Finance from 1996 to 2009, during the presidencies of Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki and Kgalema Motlanthe, and subsequently as Minister in the Presidency for the National Planning Commission from 2009 to 2014 under President Jacob Zuma.

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Triumvirate

A triumvirate (from Latin, triumvirātus, from trēs three + vir man) is a political regime dominated by three powerful individuals, each a triumvir (pl. triumvirs or triumviri).

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.

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United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates (دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE,الامارات is a country located in the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing sea borders with Qatar and Iran.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA, GA, or, from the Assemblée Générale, "AG") is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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United States Secretary of the Treasury

The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.

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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University or simply Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

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University of Toronto

The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a, born 7 October 1952) has been the President of Russia since 7 May 2012, succeeding Dmitry Medvedev.

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Voice of Russia

The Voice of Russia (r) was the Russian government's international radio broadcasting service from 1993 until 9 November 2014.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.

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Wolfgang Schäuble

Wolfgang Schäuble (born 18 September 1942) is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has served as Germany's Federal Minister of Finance in the second and third Merkel cabinets since 2009.

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World Bank

The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.

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World Bank Group

The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.

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World Development Indicators

World Development Indicators (WDI) is the primary World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially-recognized international sources.

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World population

In demographics and general statistics, the term world population refers to the total number of living humans on Earth.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping (pronounced; born 15 June 1953) is the general secretary of the Communist Party of China, the president of the People's Republic of China, and the chairman of the Central Military Commission.

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Zhou Xiaochuan

Zhou Xiaochuan (born January 29, 1948) is a Chinese economist, banker, reformist and bureaucrat.

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Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.

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2006 G20 ministerial meeting

The 2006 G-20 Meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors was held in Melbourne, Australia between November 18 and November 19, 2006.

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2008 G-20 Washington summit

The 2008 G-20 Washington Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy took place on November 14–15, 2008, in Washington, D.C., United States.

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2009 G-20 London summit

The 2009 G-20 London Summit is the second meeting of the G-20 heads of state in discussion of financial markets and the world economy, which was held in London on 2 April 2009 at the ExCeL Exhibition Centre.

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2009 G-20 Pittsburgh summit

The 2009 G-20 Pittsburgh Summit was the third meeting of the G-20 heads of state in discussion of financial markets and the world economy.

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2010 G-20 Seoul summit

The 2010 G20 Seoul Summit was the fifth meeting of the G-20 heads of government, to discuss the global financial system and the world economy,Cho Jin-seo.

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2010 G-20 Toronto summit

The 2010 G-20 Toronto summit was the fourth meeting of the G-20 heads of government, in discussion of the global financial system and the world economy, which took place at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, during June 26–27, 2010.

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2010 G-20 Toronto summit protests

The 2010 G-20 Toronto summit protests began one week ahead of the summit of the leaders of the G-20 on 26–27 June in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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2011 G-20 Cannes summit

The 2011 G-20 Cannes Summit was the sixth meeting of the G-20 heads of government in a series of on-going discussions about financial markets and the world economy.

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2012 G-20 Los Cabos summit

The 2012 G-20 Los Cabos Summit was the seventh meeting of the G-20 heads of government.

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2013 G-20 Saint Petersburg summit

The 2013 G-20 Saint Petersburg summit was the eighth meeting of the G-20 heads of government.

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2014 G20 Brisbane summit

The 2014 G20 Brisbane summit was the ninth meeting of the G20 heads of government.

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2015 G-20 Antalya summit

The 2015 G-20 Antalya summit will be the tenth annual meeting of the G-20 heads of government.

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2016 G-20 Hangzhou summit

The 2016 G-20 Hangzhou summit will be the eleventh G-20 meeting.

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Redirects here:

2016 G-20 summit, G 20, G 20 summit, G-20, G/G20, G20, G20 (Group of economies), G20 industrial nations, G20 major economies, G20 meeting, G20 nations, Group of 20, Group of Twenty, Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, Member organization of the Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, Member state of the Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G-20_major_economies

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