47 relations: Animal cognition, Breed, Chimpanzee, Cognition, Cultural intelligence, Culture, Differential psychology, Ecological validity, Ethics, Ethology, Evolution of human intelligence, Evolutionary history of life, Experimental drug, Experimental psychology, Foraging, G factor (psychometrics), Genetics, Genome, Habit, Hominidae, Human, Innovation, Intelligence, Intelligence quotient, Laboratory mouse, Laboratory rat, Language, Memory, Meta-analysis, Model organism, Neuroanatomy, Neurochemistry, Neurology, Neuroscience, Physiology, Prenatal development (biology), Primate, Primate cognition, Principal component analysis, Psychometrics, Robust capuchin monkey, Scientific modelling, Social inhibition, Social learning theory, Spatial–temporal reasoning, Taxonomy (biology), Tool use by animals.
Animal cognition describes the mental capacities of animals and its study.
A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (phenotype), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species and that were arrived at through selective breeding.
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Chimpanzees, colloquially called chimps, are two extant hominid species of apes in the genus Pan.
Cognition is the set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge, attention, memory and working memory, judgment and evaluation, reasoning and "computation", problem solving and decision making, comprehension and production of language, etc.
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Cultural Intelligence, cultural quotient or CQ, is a term used in business, education, government and academic research.
Culture is, in the words of E.B. Tylor, "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." Cambridge English Dictionary states that culture is, "the way of life, especially the general customs and beliefs, of a particular group of people at a particular time." As a defining aspect of what it means to be human, culture is a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies.
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Differential psychology studies the ways in which individuals differ in their behavior and the processes that underlie it.
In research, the ecological validity of a study means that the methods, materials and setting of the study must approximate the real-world that is being examined.
Ethics, or moral philosophy, is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
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Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.
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The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.
The evolutionary history of life on Earth traces the processes by which living and fossil organisms have evolved since life appeared on the planet, until the present day.
An experimental drug is a medicinal product (a drug or vaccine) that has not yet received approval from governmental regulatory authorities for routine use in human or veterinary medicine.
Experimental psychology refers to work done by those who apply experimental methods to the study of behavior and the processes that underlie it.
Foraging is searching for wild food resources.
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The g factor (short for "general factor") is a construct developed in psychometric investigations of cognitive abilities.
Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms.
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In modern molecular biology and genetics, the genome is the genetic material of an organism.
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A habit (or wont) is a routine of behavior that is repeated regularly and tends to occur unconsciously.
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The Hominidae, also known as great apes"Great ape" is a common name rather than a taxonomic label, and there are differences in usage.
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Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens) are the only extant members of the hominin clade (or human clade), a branch of the great apes; they are characterized by erect posture and bipedal locomotion, manual dexterity and increased tool use, and a general trend toward larger, more complex brains and societies.
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Innovation is a new idea, more effective device or process.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways such as in terms of one's capacity for logic, abstract thought, understanding, self-awareness, communication, learning, emotional knowledge, memory, planning, creativity and problem solving.
An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a score derived from one of several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence.
The laboratory mouse is a small mammal of the order Rodentia which is bred and kept for scientific research.
A laboratory rat is a rat of the species Rattus norvegicus (brown rat) which is bred and kept for scientific research.
Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is any specific example of such a system.
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In psychology, memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
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The basic tenet of a meta-analysis is that there is a common truth behind all conceptually similar studies, but which has been measured with a certain error within individual studies.
A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms.
Neuroanatomy is the study of the anatomy and stereotyped organization of nervous systems.
Neurochemistry is the specific study of neurochemicals, including neurotransmitters and other molecules (such as psychopharmaceuticals, neuropeptides, or gastrotransmitters) that influence the function of neurons.
Neurology (from νεῦρον, neuron, and the suffix -λογία -logia "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.
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Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system.
Physiology is the scientific study of the normal function in living systems.
Prenatal development is the process in which an immature individual develops before birth.
A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").
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Primate cognition is the study of the intellectual and behavioral skills of non-human primates, particularly in the fields of psychology, behavioral biology, primatology, and anthropology.
Principal component analysis (PCA) is a statistical procedure that uses an orthogonal transformation to convert a set of observations of possibly correlated variables into a set of values of linearly uncorrelated variables called principal components.
Psychometrics is a field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement.
Robust capuchin monkeys are capuchin monkeys in the genus Sapajus.
Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate by referencing it to existing and usually commonly accepted knowledge.
Social inhibition is a conscious or subconscious avoidance of a situation or social interaction.
Social learning theory (Albert Bandura) posits that learning is a cognitive process that takes place in a social context and can occur purely through observation or direct instruction, even in the absence of motor reproduction or direct reinforcement.
Spatial–temporal reasoning is an area of Artificial Intelligence in computer science working on representing and reasoning spatial-temporal knowledge in mind, developing high-level control systems of robots for navigating and understanding time and space, either by leveraging results on spatial-temporal knowledge in mind of other research fields, i.e. cognitive psychology, linguistics, or based on commonsense understanding of space and time of researchers themselves.
Taxonomy (from τάξις taxis, "arrangement," and -νομία -nomia, "method") is the science of defining groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics and giving names to those groups.
Tools are used by some animals to perform behaviours including the acquisition of food and water, grooming, defence, recreation or construction.