120 relations: Albert Einstein, American Institute of Physics, American Physical Society, Argonne National Laboratory, Arthur Compton, Assistant professor, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Associate professor, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Bachelor of Arts, Bell Labs, Boston, Braxton Craven, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Camp Upton, Charles Edison, Chemistry, Chief of Naval Operations, Colonel (United States), Columbia University, Cornell University, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Science, Duke University, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Einstein–Szilárd letter, Eldorado Mining and Refining, Enriched uranium, Enrico Fermi, Eugene T. Booth, Eugene Wigner, Francis G. Slack, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fritz Strassmann, G. N. Glasoe, Graphite, Harold Urey, Hendrik Lorentz, Henry DeWolf Smyth, Herbert L. Anderson, Howard Lee McBain, Hugh Stott Taylor, Humboldt University of Berlin, Isidor Isaac Rabi, Italian Racial Laws, James Bryant Conant, James Chadwick, John R. Dunning, John Tyndall, Johns Hopkins University, ..., Joseph Larmor, Kenneth Nichols, Lee Alvin DuBridge, Leo Szilard, Leslie Groves, Lise Meitner, Long Island, Lyman James Briggs, Major general (United States), Manhattan Project, Mark Oliphant, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Max Born, Max Planck, Mihajlo Pupin, Mineola, New York, National Defense Research Committee, National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Research Council (United States), Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Neutron, Neutron capture, Neutron cross section, Neutron moderator, New London, Connecticut, Nicholas Murray Butler, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nuclear chain reaction, Nuclear fission, Nuclear physics, Nuclear reactor, Nuclear weapon, Office of Scientific Research and Development, Otto Hahn, Otto Robert Frisch, Physical Review, Physicist, Physics, Piezoelectricity, Princeton University, Pupin Hall, Radiation Laboratory (MIT), Rear admiral (United States), S-1 Uranium Committee, Sigma Xi, Signal Corps (United States Army), Stanford Caldwell Hooper, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, The Making of the Atomic Bomb, The New York Times, Trinity, North Carolina, U.S. National Geodetic Survey, United Kingdom, University of Cambridge, University of Chicago, University of Pennsylvania, University of Rochester, Uranium-235, Uranium-238, Vannevar Bush, Walter Zinn, Walther Nernst, Wellesley College, Werner Heisenberg, West Newton, Massachusetts, William Hallock, William Howell Pegram, World War I, Yale University. Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.
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The American Institute of Physics (AIP) promotes science, the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies.
The American Physical Society (APS) is the world's largest organization of physicists.
Argonne National Laboratory is a science and engineering research national laboratory operated by UChicago (The University of Chicago) Argonne LLC for the United States Department of Energy located near Lemont, IL, outside Chicago.
Arthur Holly Compton (September 10, 1892 – March 15, 1962) was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his discovery of the Compton effect, which demonstrated the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation.
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Assistant professor (frequently capitalized as Assistant Professor) is an entry-level professorship position.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy (ASN) is the title given to certain civilian senior officials in the United States Department of the Navy.
Associate professor (frequently capitalized as Associate Professor) is an academic title that can have different meanings.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA, B.A., AB or A.B.), from the Latin artium baccalaureus or baccalarium artium is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, the sciences, or both.
Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is a research and scientific development company that belongs to Alcatel-Lucent.
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Boston (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
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Braxton Craven (August 22, 1822 – November 7, 1882) was a U.S. educator.
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Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base.
Camp Upton was an installation of the United States Army located in Yaphank on Long Island in Suffolk County, New York.
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Charles Edison (August 3, 1890 – July 31, 1969) was a son of Thomas Edison and Mina Miller.
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Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter.
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The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is a statutory office held by a four-star admiral in the United States Navy, and is the most senior naval officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Navy.
In the United States Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, colonel (pronounced "ker-nul") is the most senior field grade military officer rank immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general.
Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Cornell University is an American private Ivy League and federal land-grant research university located in Ithaca, New York.
A Doctor of Philosophy degree (often abbreviated Ph.D., PhD, D.Phil., or DPhil) or a Doctorate of Philosophy, from the Latin Doctor Philosophiae, is a type of doctorate awarded by universities in many countries.
Doctor of Science (Latin: Scientiæ Doctor), usually abbreviated Sc.D., D.Sc., S.D., D.S., or Dr.Sc., is an academic research degree awarded in a number of countries throughout the world.
Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, United States.
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Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (pronounced,; October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961, and the last U.S. President to have been born in the 19th century.
The Einstein–Szilárd letter was a letter written by Leó Szilárd and signed by Albert Einstein that was sent to the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on August 2, 1939.
The Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited company was originally organized in 1927 as Eldorado Gold Mines Limited to develop a gold mine in Manitoba.
Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation.
Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian physicist, who is credited with the creation of the first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.
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Eugene Theodore Booth (1912 in Rome, Georgia – 6 March 2004) was an American nuclear physicist.
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Eugene Paul "E.
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Francis Goddard Slack (November 1, 1897 in Superior, Wisconsin – 1985) was an American physicist.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (his own pronunciation, or) (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States.
Friedrich Wilhelm "Fritz" Strassmann (Straßmann; 22 February 1902 – 22 April 1980) was a German chemist who, with Otto Hahn in 1938, identified barium in the residue after bombarding uranium with neutrons, results which, when confirmed, demonstrated the previously unknown phenomenon of nuclear fission.
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Graphite, archaically referred to as Plumbago, is a crystalline form of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and one of the allotropes of carbon.
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Harold Clayton Urey (April 29, 1893 – January 5, 1981) was an American physical chemist whose pioneering work on isotopes earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 for the discovery of deuterium.
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Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (18 July 1853 – 4 February 1928) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect.
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Henry DeWolf "Harry" Smyth (May 1, 1898 – September 11, 1986) was an American physicist, diplomat, and bureaucrat.
Herbert Lawrence Anderson (May 24, 1914 – July 16, 1988) was an American nuclear physicist who contributed to the Manhattan Project.
Howard Lee McBain (July 20, 1880 – May 7, 1936) was an American political scientist.
Sir Hugh Stott Taylor KBE FRS (6 February 1890 – 17 April 1974) was an English chemist primarily interested in catalysis.
The Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) is one of Berlin's oldest universities, founded in 1810 as the University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt, whose university model has strongly influenced other European and Western universities.
Isidor Isaac Rabi (born Israel Isaac Rabi, 29 July 1898 – 11 January 1988) was a Polish-born American physicist and Nobel laureate, recognized in 1944 for his discovery of nuclear magnetic resonance, which is used in magnetic resonance imaging.
The Italian Racial Laws (Leggi razziali) were a set of laws promulgated by the Kingdom of Italy from 1938 to 1943 to enforce racial discrimination in Italy.
James Bryant Conant (March 26, 1893 – February 11, 1978) was an American chemist, a transformative President of Harvard University, and the first U.S. Ambassador to West Germany.
Sir James Chadwick, (20 October 1891 – 24 July 1974) was an English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the neutron in 1932.
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John Ray Dunning (September 24, 1907 – August 25, 1975) was an American physicist who played key roles in the Manhattan Project that developed the first atomic bombs.
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John Tyndall FRS (2 August 1820 – 4 December 1893) was a prominent 19th century physicist.
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The Johns Hopkins University (commonly referred to as Johns Hopkins, JHU, or simply Hopkins) is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
Sir Joseph Larmor FRS (11 July 1857 – 19 May 1942) was a British physicist and mathematician who made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics, and the electron theory of matter.
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Major General Kenneth David "Nick" Nichols (13 November 1907 – 21 February 2000) was a United States Army officer and an engineer.
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Lee Alvin DuBridge (21 September 1901 – 23 January 1994) was an American educator and physicist.
Leó Szilárd (Szilárd Leó; Leo Spitz until age 2; February 11, 1898 – May 30, 1964) was a Hungarian-American physicist and inventor.
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Lieutenant General Leslie Richard Groves, Jr. (17 August 1896 – 13 July 1970) was a United States Army Corps of Engineers officer who oversaw the construction of the Pentagon and directed the Manhattan Project, a top secret research project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II.
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Lise Meitner (7 November 1878 – 27 October 1968) was an Austrian physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics.
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Long Island is an island located just off the northeast coast of the United States and a region within the U.S. state of New York.
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Lyman James Briggs (May 7, 1874 – March 25, 1963) was an American engineer, physicist and administrator.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
The Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first nuclear weapons during World War II.
Sir Marcus "Mark" Laurence Elwin Oliphant, (8 October 1901 – 14 July 2000) was an Australian physicist and humanitarian who played an important role in the first experimental demonstration of nuclear fusion and also the development of nuclear weapons.
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The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Max Born (11 December 1882 – 5 January 1970) was a German physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics.
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Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (April 23, 1858 – October 4, 1947) was a German theoretical physicist who originated quantum theory, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.
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Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin, Ph.D., LL.D. (Serbian Cyrillic: Михајло Идворски Пупин; 9 October 1858Although Pupin's birth year is sometimes given as 1854 (and Serbia and Montenegro issued a postage stamp in 2004 to commemorate the 150th anniversary of his birth), peer-reviewed sources list his birth year as 1858. See.
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Mineola is a village in Nassau County, New York, USA.
The National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) was an organization created "to coordinate, supervise, and conduct scientific research on the problems underlying the development, production, and use of mechanisms and devices of warfare" in the United States from June 27, 1940, until June 28, 1941.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), known between 1901 and 1988 as the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), is a measurement standards laboratory, also known as a National Metrological Institute (NMI), which is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce.
The National Research Council (NRC) is the working arm of the United States National Academies, which produces reports that shape policies, inform public opinion, and advance the pursuit of science, engineering, and medicine.
The Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) is the United States Navy's full-spectrum research, development, test and evaluation, engineering and fleet support center for submarines, autonomous underwater systems, and offensive and defensive weapons systems associated with undersea warfare.
Nebraska Wesleyan University (NWU) is a private, coeducational university located in Lincoln, Nebraska, United States.
The neutron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, with no net electric charge and a mass slightly larger than that of a proton.
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Neutron capture is a nuclear reaction in which an atomic nucleus and one or more neutrons collide and merge to form a heavier nucleus.
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In nuclear and particle physics, the concept of a neutron cross section is used to express the likelihood of interaction between an incident neutron and a target nucleus.
In nuclear engineering, a neutron moderator is a medium that reduces the speed of fast neutrons, thereby turning them into thermal neutrons capable of sustaining a nuclear chain reaction involving uranium-235 or a similar fissile nuclide.
New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States.
Nicholas Murray Butler (April 2, 1862 – December 7, 1947) was an American philosopher, diplomat, and educator.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
A nuclear chain reaction occurs when one single nuclear reaction causes an average of one or more subsequent nuclear reactions, thus leading to the possibility of a self-propagating series of these reactions.
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
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Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies the constituents and interactions of atomic nuclei.
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A nuclear reactor, formerly known as atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a sustained nuclear chain reaction.
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A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or a combination of fission and fusion (thermonuclear weapon).
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The Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) was an agency of the United States federal government created to coordinate scientific research for military purposes during World War II.
Otto Hahn,, (8 March 1879 – 28 July 1968) was a German chemist and pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1944 for the discovery and the radiochemical proof of nuclear fission.
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Otto Robert Frisch FRS (1 October 1904 – 22 September 1979) was an Austrian-British physicist.
Physical Review is an American peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols.
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A physicist is a scientist who specializes in physics research.
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Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phúsis "nature") is the natural science that involves the study of matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with chemistry, certain branches of mathematics, and biology, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences while opening new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy. Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in new technologies that arise from theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization, and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
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Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.
Pupin Physics Laboratories, also known as Pupin Hall is home to the physics and astronomy departments of Columbia University in New York City and a National Historic Landmark.
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The Radiation Laboratory, commonly called the Rad Lab, was located at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (US) and functioned from October 1940 until December 31, 1945.
Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a captain, and below that of a vice admiral.
The S-1 Uranium Committee was a Committee of the National Defense Research Committee that succeeded the Briggs Advisory Committee on Uranium and later evolved into the Manhattan Project.
Sigma Xi: The Scientific Research Society (ΣΞ) is a non-profit honor society which was founded in 1886 at Cornell University by a junior faculty member and a handful of graduate students.
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The United States Army Signal Corps develops, tests, provides, and manages communications and information systems support for the command and control of combined arms forces.
Stanford Caldwell Hooper (August 16, 1884 – April 6, 1955) was a Rear Admiral of the United States Navy, and a noted radio pioneer who has been called "the Father of Naval Radio".
Swarthmore (pronounced locally, or) is a borough in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Making of the Atomic Bomb is a contemporary history book written by the American journalist and historian Richard Rhodes, first published by Simon and Schuster in 1987.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
Trinity is a city in Randolph County, North Carolina, United States.
The National Geodetic Survey (NGS), formerly the United States Survey of the Coast (1807–1836), United States Coast Survey (1836–1878), and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) (1878–1970), is a United States federal agency that defines and manages a national coordinate system, providing the foundation for transportation and communication; mapping and charting; and a large number of applications of science and engineering.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Chicago (U of C, Chicago, or UChicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn or UPenn) is a private, Ivy League, research university located in Philadelphia.
The University of Rochester (commonly referred to as U of R or UR) is a private, nonsectarian, research university in Rochester, New York, United States.
Uranium-235 is an isotope of uranium making up about 0.72% of natural uranium.
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Uranium-238 (238U or U-238) is the most common isotope of uranium found in nature.
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Vannevar Bush (March 11, 1890 – June 28, 1974) was an American engineer, inventor and science administrator, who during World War II headed the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), through which almost all wartime military R&D was carried out, including initiation and early administration of the Manhattan Project.
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Walter Henry Zinn (December 10, 1906 – February 14, 2000) was a nuclear physicist who was the first director of the Argonne National Laboratory from 1946 to 1956.
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Walther Hermann Nernst, (25 June 1864 – 18 November 1941) was a German physicist who is known for his theories behind the calculation of chemical affinity as embodied in the third law of thermodynamics, for which he won the 1920 Nobel Prize in chemistry.
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Wellesley College is a private women's liberal-arts college in the town of Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States, west of Boston.
Werner Karl Heisenberg (5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976) was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.
West Newton is a village of the City of Newton, Massachusetts and is one of the oldest of the thirteen Newton villages.
William Hallock, Ph.
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William Howell Pegram (August 18, 1846 - April 30, 1928) was a U.S. chemist and educator.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
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