120 relations: Aberration of light, Aether drag hypothesis, Airy (lunar crater), Airy (Martian crater), Airy disk, Airy function, Airy points, Airy wave theory, Airy-0, Albert Medal (Royal Society of Arts), Alnwick, Altazimuth mount, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Anna Airy, Astronomer, Astronomer Royal, Astronomy, British Science Association, Cambridge Observatory, Cambridge Philosophical Society, Charles-Eugène Delaunay, Colchester Royal Grammar School, Copley Medal, Deformation (mechanics), Derbyshire, Dictionary of National Biography, Differential equation, Dolcoath mine, Earth, Edward Routh, English Civil War, Equatorial mount, Euler–Bernoulli beam theory, Fluid, Focal length, Fracture mechanics, Francis Baily, French Academy of Sciences, George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland, George Peacock, George Tomline (politician), Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Gravity, Greenwich, GRS 80, Hereford, Hubert Airy, Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland, James Bradley, James Challis, ..., Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, Johann Gottfried Galle, John Couch Adams, John Pond, Jupiter, Kentmere, Lalande Prize, Latitude, Light, Lincolnshire, List of craters on Mars, List of Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, List of presidents of the Royal Society, Longitude, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Lunar craters, Mathematician, Mathematics, Meridian (astronomy), Meridian circle, Migraine, Mining, Monarchy of Denmark, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Moon, Nathaniel Bliss, Neptune, Nevil Maskelyne, North British Railway, Orbit, Order of the Bath, Ordnance Survey, Parallax, Pendulum, Peter Andreas Hansen, Planet, Playford, Suffolk, Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, Prime meridian, Rainbow, Refraction, Relative density, Richard Sheepshanks, Royal Astronomical Society, Royal Medal, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Royal Society, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Senior Wrangler (University of Cambridge), Sizar, Smith's Prize, Solid mechanics, South Shields, Spectroscopy, Stress (mechanics), Sunspot, Tay Bridge disaster, Telescope, The Times, Thomas Bouch, Thomas Clarkson, Thomas Turton, Trinity College, Cambridge, Uranus, Urbain Le Verrier, Venus, Westmorland, Wind wave, World Geodetic System, Zenith telescope. Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
The aberration of light (also referred to as astronomical aberration or stellar aberration) is an astronomical phenomenon which produces an apparent motion of celestial objects about their locations dependent on the velocity of the observer.
In the 19th century, the theory of the luminiferous aether as the hypothetical medium for the propagation of light was widely discussed.
Airy Airy is a lunar impact crater located in the southern highlands.
Airy is an impact crater on Mars, named in honor of the British Astronomer, Royal Sir George Biddell Airy (1801–1892).
In optics, the Airy disk (or Airy disc) and Airy pattern are descriptions of the best focused spot of light that a perfect lens with a circular aperture can make, limited by the diffraction of light.
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In the physical sciences, the Airy function Ai(x) is a special function named after the British astronomer George Biddell Airy (1801–92).
Airy Points are used for precision measurement (metrology) to support a length standard in such a way as to minimise bending or droop.
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In fluid dynamics, Airy wave theory (often referred to as linear wave theory) gives a linearised description of the propagation of gravity waves on the surface of a homogeneous fluid layer.
Airy-0 is a crater on Mars whose location defines the position of the prime meridian of that planet.
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The Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA) was instituted in 1864 as a memorial to Prince Albert, who had been President of the Society for 18 years.
Alnwick is a market town in north Northumberland, England.
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An altazimuth or alt-azimuth mount is a simple two-axis mount for supporting and rotating an instrument about two mutually perpendicular axes; one vertical and the other horizontal.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, frequently known as the American Academy, is one of the oldest and most prestigious honorary societies and a leading center for policy research in the United States.
Anna Airy (6 June 1882 – 23 October 1964) was an English oil painter, pastel artist and etcher.
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An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who studies stars, planets, moons, comets, and galaxies, as well as many other celestial objects.
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Astronomer Royal is a senior post in the Royal Households of the United Kingdom.
Astronomy is a natural science which is the study of celestial objects (such as stars, galaxies, planets, moons, asteroids, comets and nebulae), the physics, chemistry, and evolution of such objects, and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth, including supernovae explosions, gamma ray bursts, and cosmic microwave background radiation.
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The British Science Association, formerly known as British Association for the Advancement of Science or the BA, (founded 1831) is a learned society with the object of promoting science, directing general attention to scientific matters, and facilitating interaction between scientific workers.
Cambridge Observatory is an astronomical observatory at the University of Cambridge in the East of England.
The Cambridge Philosophical Society (CPS) is a scientific society at the University of Cambridge.
Charles-Eugène Delaunay (9 April 1816 – 5 August 1872) was a French astronomer and mathematician.
Colchester Royal Grammar School (CRGS) is a state-funded grammar school in Colchester, Essex, founded in 1206 and granted two Royal Charters by Henry VIII (in 1539) and by Elizabeth I (in 1584).
The Copley Medal is a scientific award given by the Royal Society, London, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences.
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Deformation in continuum mechanics is the transformation of a body from a reference configuration to a current configuration.
Derbyshire (or; abbreviated Derbys. or Derbs.) is a county in the East Midlands of England.
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The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
A differential equation is a mathematical equation that relates some function with its derivatives.
Dolcoath mine was a copper and tin mine in Camborne, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Earth (also the world, in Greek: Gaia, or in Latin: Terra), is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to accommodate life.
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Edward John Routh FRS (20 January 1831 – 7 June 1907), was an English mathematician, noted as the outstanding coach of students preparing for the Mathematical Tripos examination of the University of Cambridge in its heyday in the middle of the nineteenth century.
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The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") in the Kingdom of England over, principally, the manner of its government.
An equatorial mount is a mount for instruments that follows the rotation of the sky (celestial sphere) by having one rotational axis parallel to the Earth's axis of rotation.
Euler–Bernoulli beam theory (also known as engineer's beam theory or classical beam theory)Timoshenko, S., (1953), History of strength of materials, McGraw-Hill New York is a simplification of the linear theory of elasticity which provides a means of calculating the load-carrying and deflection characteristics of beams.
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.
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The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.
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Fracture mechanics is the field of mechanics concerned with the study of the propagation of cracks in materials.
Francis Baily (28 April 1774 – 30 August 1844) was an English astronomer.
The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland, GCB, PC (25 August 1784 – 1 January 1849) was an English Whig politician and colonial administrator.
George Peacock (9 April 1791 – 8 November 1858) was an English mathematician.
George Tomline (3 March 1813 – 25 August 1889), referred to as Colonel Tomline, was an English politician who served as Member of Parliament (MP) for various constituencies.
The Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is the highest award given by the RAS.
Gravity or gravitation is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass are brought towards (or 'gravitate' towards) one another including stars, planets, galaxies and even light and sub-atomic particles.
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Greenwich is an early-established district of today's London, England, and the administrative centre of the Royal Borough of Greenwich centred 5.5 miles (8.9 km) east south-east of Charing Cross.
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GRS 80, or Geodetic Reference System 1980, is a geodetic reference system consisting of a global reference ellipsoid and a gravity field model.
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Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.
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Hubert Airy (June 14, 1838 – June 1, 1903) was an English physician, pioneer in the study of migraine.
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Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland (20 April 1785 – 11 February 1847), styled Earl Percy until 1817, was a British aristocrat and Tory politician who served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under the Duke of Wellington from 1829 to 1830.
James Bradley FRS (March 1693 – 13 July 1762) was an English astronomer and served as Astronomer Royal from 1742, succeeding Edmond Halley.
James Challis FRS (12 December 1803 – 3 December 1882) was an English clergyman, physicist and astronomer.
Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre (19 September 1749 – 19 August 1822) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Johann Gottfried Galle, 1880 Galle's signature Memorial plaque in Wittenberg Johann Gottfried Galle (9 June 1812 – 10 July 1910) was a German astronomer from Radis, Germany, at the Berlin Observatory who, on 23 September 1846, with the assistance of student Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, was the first person to view the planet Neptune and know what he was looking at.
John Couch Adams FRS (5 June 1819 – 21 January 1892) was a British mathematician and astronomer.
John Pond FRS (1767 – 7 September 1836) was a renowned English astronomer who became the sixth Astronomer Royal, serving from 1811 to 1835.
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Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar System.
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Kentmere is a valley, village and civil parish in the Lake District National Park, a few miles from Kendal in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England.
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The Lalande Prize (French:Prix Lalande) was an award for scientific advances in astronomy, given from 1802 until 1970 by the French Academy of Sciences.
In geography, latitude (φ) is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north-south position of a point on the Earth's surface.
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Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
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Lincolnshire (or; abbreviated Lincs) is a historical county in the east of England.
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This is a list of craters on Mars.
This is a list of Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty (incomplete before the Restoration, 1660).
The President of the Royal Society (PRS) is the elected director of the Royal Society of London who presides over meetings of the society's council.
Longitude (or, British also), is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface.
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The Lucasian Chair of Mathematics is a mathematics professorship in the University of Cambridge, England; its holder is known as the Lucasian Professor.
"Lunar crater" redirects here.
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.
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A meridian is the great circle passing through the celestial poles, the zenith, and the nadir of a particular location.
The meridian circle is an instrument for timing of the passage of stars across the local meridian, an event known as a transit, while at the same time measuring their angular distance from the nadir.
Migraine is a neurological disease characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches often in association with a number of autonomic nervous system symptoms.
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Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner.
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The Monarchy of Denmark, colloquially known as the Danish Monarchy, is a constitutional institution and a historic office of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in astronomy and astrophysics.
The Moon (in Greek: Selene, in Latin: Luna) is Earth's only natural satellite.
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The Reverend Nathaniel Bliss (28 November 1700 – 2 September 1764) was an English astronomer of the 18th century, serving as Britain's fourth Astronomer Royal between 1762 and 1764.
Neptune is the eighth and farthest planet from the Sun in the Solar System.
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The Reverend Dr Nevil Maskelyne FRS (6 October 1732 – 9 February 1811) was the fifth British Astronomer Royal.
The North British Railway was a British railway company, based in Edinburgh.
In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved path of an object around a point in space, for example the orbit of a planet around the center of a star system, such as the Solar System.
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The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
Ordnance Survey (OS) is the national mapping agency for Great Britain and is one of the world's largest producers of maps.
Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.
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A pendulum is a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely.
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Peter Andreas Hansen (born December 8, 1795 Tønder, Schleswig, Denmark – died March 28, 1874 Gotha, Thuringia, Germany) was a danish astronomer.
A planet is an astronomical object orbiting a star, brown dwarf, or stellar remnant that.
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Playford is a small village in Suffolk, England, on the outskirts of Ipswich.
The Plumian chair of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy is one of the two major Professorships in Astronomy at Cambridge University, alongside the Lowndean Professorship.
A prime meridian is a meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographical coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°.
A rainbow is a meteorological phenomenon that is caused by reflection, refraction and dispersion of light in water droplets resulting in a spectrum of light appearing in the sky.
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Refraction is the change in direction of propagation of a wave due to a change in its transmission medium.
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Relative density, or specific gravity, is the ratio of the density (mass of a unit volume) of a substance to the density of a given reference material.
Richard Sheepshanks (30 July 1794 in Leeds – 4 August 1855 in Reading) was an English astronomer.
The Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) is a learned society that began as the Astronomical Society of London in 1820 to support astronomical research (mainly carried on at the time by 'gentleman astronomers' rather than professionals).
The Royal Medal, also known as The Queen's Medal, is a silver-gilt medal awarded each year by the Royal Society, two for "the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge" and one for "distinguished contributions in the applied sciences" made within the Commonwealth of Nations.
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The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, abbreviated: KNAW) is an organization dedicated to the advancement of science and literature in the Netherlands.
The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungl.
The Senior Wrangler is the top mathematics undergraduate at Cambridge University in England, a position once regarded as "the greatest intellectual achievement attainable in Britain." Specifically, it is the person who achieves the highest overall mark among the Wranglers – the students at Cambridge who gain first-class degrees in mathematics.
At Trinity College, Dublin and the University of Cambridge, a sizar is a student who receives some form of assistance such as meals, lower fees or lodging during his or her period of study, in some cases in return for doing a defined job.
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The Smith's Prize was the name of each of two prizes awarded annually to two research students in mathematics and theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge from 1769.
Solid mechanics is the branch of continuum mechanics that studies the behavior of solid materials, especially their motion and deformation under the action of forces, temperature changes, phase changes, and other external or internal agents.
South Shields is a coastal town at the mouth of the River Tyne, England, about downstream from Newcastle upon Tyne.
Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
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In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
Sunspots are temporary phenomena on the photosphere of the Sun that appear visibly as dark spots compared to surrounding regions.
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The Tay Bridge disaster occurred during a violent storm on 28 December 1879 when the first Tay Rail Bridge collapsed while a train was passing over it from Wormit to Dundee, killing all aboard.
A telescope is an instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).
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The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.
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Sir Thomas Bouch (25 February 1822 – 30 October 1880) was a British railway engineer in Victorian Britain.
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Thomas Clarkson (28 March 1760 – 26 September 1846), was an English abolitionist, and a leading campaigner against the slave trade in the British Empire.
Thomas Turton, (25 February 1780 – 7 January 1864) was an English divine, the Bishop of Ely from 1845 to 1864.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.
Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.
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Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier (11 March 1811 – 23 September 1877) was a French mathematician who specialized in celestial mechanics and is best known for predicting the existence and position of Neptune using only mathematics.
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.
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Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland;R. Wilkinson The British Isles, Sheet The British Isles. even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland) is an area of North West England and one of the 39 historic counties of England.
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In fluid dynamics, wind waves, or wind-generated waves, are surface waves that occur on the free surface of oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, and canals or even on small puddles and ponds.
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The World Geodetic System (WGS) is a standard for use in cartography, geodesy, and navigation including by GPS.
A zenith telescope is a type of telescope that is designed to point straight up at or near the zenith.
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