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Georges Ernest Boulanger

Georges Ernest Jean-Marie Boulanger (April 29, 1837 – September 30, 1891), nicknamed Général Revanche, was a French general and politician. [1]

141 relations: Agnosticism, Alfred Joseph Naquet, Amélie of Orléans, Anarcho-syndicalism, Arthur Dillon (1834–1922), Arthur Meyer (journalist), Authoritarianism, École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, Émile Driant, Émile Flourens, Belfort, Belgium, Bonapartiste, Bourbon Restoration, Brigadier general, Brussels, Cabaret, Captain (armed forces), Carlos I of Portugal, Catholic Church, Cercle Proudhon, Chamber of Deputies, Champigny-sur-Marne, Charles de Freycinet, Charles Floquet, Clermont-Ferrand, Cochinchina, Cochinchina Campaign, Conservatism, Count, Coup d'état, Decazeville, Democracy, Departments of France, Dreyfus affair, Drill instructor, Electoral district, Elena and Her Men, Far-left politics, Far-right politics, Fascism, France, Franco-Prussian War, French Army, French colonial empire, French conquest of Tunisia, French legislative election, 1889, French nationalism, French nationality law, French Parliament, ..., French Third Republic, General officer, Georges Clemenceau, German Empire, Guillaume Schnaebelé, Guy de Maupassant, Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale, Ille-et-Vilaine, Inspector general, Interior ministry, Internet Movie Database, Ixelles Cemetery, Jacques Leroy de Saint Arnaud, Jean Antoine Ernest Constans, Jean Marais, Jean Renoir, Jean-Baptiste Billot, Jean-Baptiste Campenon, Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II, Jersey, Jules Ferry, Jules Grévy, Lady Randolph Churchill, Le Gaulois, Lebel Model 1886 rifle, Legion of Honour, Liberalism and radicalism in France, Libourne, Lieutenant colonel, Ligue des Patriotes, List of French monarchs, List of political conspiracies, List of Prime Ministers of France, Lohengrin (opera), London, Louis Philippe I, Major, Marguerite Crouzet, Marie François Sadi Carnot, Mass (liturgy), Maurice Leblanc, Maurice Ronet, Maurice Rouvier, Military dictatorship, Minister of Defence (France), Minister of the Interior (France), Morale, Mysticism, Nadar (photographer), National Assembly (France), Nord (French department), Opportunist Republicans, Orléanist, Otto von Bismarck, Panthéon, Paris, Paris Commune, Paris-Gare de Lyon, Parliamentary immunity, Parliamentary system, Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta, Paul Cambon, Paul Déroulède, Penal transportation, Pierre Tirard, President of France, Prince Philippe, Count of Paris, René Goblet, Rennes, Reservist, Revanchism, Robecchetto con Induno, Second Italian War of Independence, Second lieutenant, Secret society, Seine (department), Senate (France), Siege of Paris (1870–71), Sino-French War, Smokeless powder, Soldier, Strike action, Switzerland, Third Italian War of Independence, Tonkin, Treason, Tunis, Vichy France, Victor Henri Rochefort, Marquis de Rochefort-Luçay, Viscounts and Dukes of Uzès, Zeev Sternhell. Expand index (91 more) »

Agnosticism

Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims – especially metaphysical and religious claims such as whether or not God, the divine or the supernatural exist – are unknown and perhaps unknowable.

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Alfred Joseph Naquet

Alfred Joseph Naquet (1834-1916), French chemist and politician.,.

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Amélie of Orléans

Princess Amélie of Orléans (28 September 1865 – 25 October 1951) was the last Queen consort of Portugal, known to her husband's subjects as "Maria Amélia de Orleães".

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Anarcho-syndicalism

Anarcho-syndicalism (also referred to as revolutionary syndicalism) is a theory of anarchism which views revolutionary industrial unionism or syndicalism as a method for workers in capitalist society to gain control of an economy and, with that control, influence broader society.

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Arthur Dillon (1834–1922)

Arthur Dillon (or comte Dillon) (1834, Paris - 1922) was a French cavalry officer and journalist, and friend of général Boulanger.

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Arthur Meyer (journalist)

Arthur Meyer (16 June 1844 in Le Havre – 2 February 1924 in Paris) was a French press baron.

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Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism is a form of government.

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École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr

The École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, literally the "Special Military School of Saint-Cyr") is the foremost French military academy.

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Émile Driant

Émile Augustin Cyprien Driant (11 September 1855 – 22 February 1916) was a French writer, politician, and army officer.

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Émile Flourens

Émile Flourens (1841, Paris – 1920) was a French politician.

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Belfort

Belfort is a city in northeastern France in the Franche-Comté région, situated between Lyon and Strasbourg.

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Belgium

Belgium (België; Belgique; Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe.

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Bonapartiste

The Bonapartiste was the conservative, monarchist and imperial faction of nineteen century France.

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Bourbon Restoration

The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.

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Brigadier general

Brigadier general is a senior rank in the armed forces.

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Brussels

Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the city of Brussels which de jure is the capital of Belgium, the French Community of Belgium, and the Flemish Community.

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Cabaret

Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring music, song, dance, recitation or drama.

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Captain (armed forces)

The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.

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Carlos I of Portugal

Carlos I (English: Charles I) the Diplomat (also known as the Martyr; o Diplomata and o Martirizado; 28 September 1863 – 1 February 1908) was the King of Portugal and the Algarves.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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Cercle Proudhon

Cercle Proudhon (Circle Proudhon) was a political group founded in France on December 16, 1911 by George Valois and Édouard Berth.

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Chamber of Deputies

Chamber of deputies is the name given to a legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or can refer to a unicameral legislature.

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Champigny-sur-Marne

Champigny-sur-Marne is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Charles de Freycinet

Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (14 November 1828 – 14 May 1923) was a French statesman and four times Prime Minister during the Third Republic.

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Charles Floquet

Charles Thomas Floquet (2 October 1828 – 18 January 1896) was a French statesman.

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Clermont-Ferrand

Clermont-Ferrand (Auvergnat Occitan: Clarmont-Ferrand / Clarmont d'Auvèrnhe) is a city and commune of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of 141,569 (2012).

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Cochinchina

Cochinchina (Nam Kỳ, កម្ពុជាក្រោម Kampuchea Krom, Cochinchine) is a region encompassing the southern third of Vietnam whose principal city is Saigon or Prey Nokor in Khmer.

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Cochinchina Campaign

The Cochinchina campaign (Campagne de Cochinchine; Expedición franco-española a Cochinchina; Chiến dịch Nam Kỳ; 1858–1862), fought between the French and Spanish on one side and the Vietnamese on the other, began as a limited punitive campaign and ended as a French war of conquest.

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Conservatism

Conservatism as a political and social philosophy promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.

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Count

Count (male) or countess (female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility.

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Coup d'état

A coup d'état (literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form), also known simply as a coup, or an overthrow, is the sudden and (usually) illegal seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.

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Decazeville

Decazeville (Occitan: La Sala) is a commune in the Aveyron department in the Midi-Pyrénées region in southern France.

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Democracy

Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...

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Departments of France

In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the 27 administrative regions and the commune.

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Dreyfus affair

The Dreyfus affair (l'affaire Dreyfus) was a political scandal that from its beginning in 1894 divided France until it was finally resolved in 1906.

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Drill instructor

A Drill Instructor is a non-commissioned officer in the armed forces or police forces with specific duties that vary by country.

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Electoral district

An electoral district (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.

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Elena and Her Men

Elena and Her Men is a 1956 film directed by Jean Renoir and starring Ingrid Bergman and Jean Marais.

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Far-left politics

Far-left politics or extreme-left politics are left-wing politics that are further to the left than mainstream centre-left politics.

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Far-right politics

Far-right politics are right-wing politics to the right of the mainstream centre right on the traditional left-right spectrum.

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Fascism

Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Franco-Prussian War

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. German-French War, Guerre franco-allemande, lit. Franco-German War), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.

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French Army

The French Army (Armée de terre, "land army") is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.

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French colonial empire

The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 17th century onward.

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French conquest of Tunisia

The French conquest of Tunisia occurred in two phases in 1881: the first (28 April – 12 May) consisting of the invasion and securing of the country before the signing of a treaty of protection, and the second (10 June – 28 October) consisting of the suppression of a rebellion.

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French legislative election, 1889

The 1889 general election was held on 22 September and 6 October 1889, during the Boulanger affair.

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French nationalism

French nationalism is the nationalism that asserts that the French are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of the French.

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French nationality law

French nationality law is historically based on the principles of jus soli (Latin for "right of soil"), according to Ernest Renan's definition, in opposition to the German definition of nationality, Jus sanguinis (Latin for "right of blood"), formalized by Johann Gottlieb Fichte.

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French Parliament

The French Parliament (Parlement français) is the bicameral legislature of the French Republic, consisting of the Senate (Sénat) and the National Assembly (Assemblée nationale).

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French Third Republic

The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) governed France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, to 1940, when France's defeat by Nazi Germany led to the Vichy France government.

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General officer

A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.

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Georges Clemenceau

Georges Benjamin Clemenceau (28 September 1841 – 24 November 1929) was a French statesman who led the nation in the First World War.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich), variously referred to as the German Reich or Realm, or Imperial Germany, was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in November 1918, when Germany became a federal republic.

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Guillaume Schnaebelé

Guillaume Schnaebelé or Wilhelm Schnäbele (1831 in Eckbolsheim near Strasbourg – 5 December 1900 in Nancy, France) was an Alsace-born French official best known for being arrested by Germans in the April 1887 Schnaebele incident (or Affair) which nearly led to war between France and Germany.

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Guy de Maupassant

Henri René Albert Guy de Maupassant (5 August 1850 – 6 July 1893) was a French writer, remembered as a master of the short story form, and as a representative of the naturalist school of writers, who depicted human lives and destinies and social forces in disillusioned and often pessimistic terms.

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Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale

Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale (January 16, 1822 – May 7, 1897) was a leader of the Orleanists, a political faction in 19th century France associated with constitutional monarchy.

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Ille-et-Vilaine

Ille-et-Vilaine (Il-ha-Gwilen) is a department of France, located in the region of Brittany in the northwest of the country.

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Inspector general

An inspector general is an investigative official in a civil or military organization.

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Interior ministry

An interior ministry (sometimes ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry typically responsible for policing, emergency management, national security, supervision of local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters.

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Internet Movie Database

The Internet Movie Database (abbreviated IMDb) is an online database of information related to films, television programs, and video games, including cast, production crew, fictional characters, biographies, plot summaries, trivia and reviews.

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Ixelles Cemetery

The Ixelles Cemetery (French: Cimetière d'Ixelles, Dutch: begraafplaats van Elsene), located in Ixelles in the southern part of Brussels, is one of the major cemeteries in Belgium.

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Jacques Leroy de Saint Arnaud

Armand-Jacques Leroy de Saint-Arnaud (20 August 1801 – 29 September 1854) was a French soldier and Marshal of France.

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Jean Antoine Ernest Constans

Jean Antoine Ernest Constans (1833–1913) was a French politician and colonial administrator.

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Jean Marais

Jean-Alfred Villain-Marais, also known as Jean Marais (11 December 1913 – 8 November 1998), was a French actor, director and sculptor.

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Jean Renoir

Jean Renoir (15 September 1894 – 12 February 1979) was a French film director, screenwriter, actor, producer and author.

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Jean-Baptiste Billot

Jean-Baptiste Billot (15 August 1828, Chaumeil, Corrèze – 31 May 1907, Paris) was a French general and politician.

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Jean-Baptiste Campenon

General Jean Baptiste Marie Edouard Campenon (5 May 1819 in Tonnerre – 16 March 1891 in Neuilly-sur-Seine) was a French general and politician.

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Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II

Jerome-Napoleon Bonaparte II (Baltimore, 5 November 1830 – Prides Crossing, Massachusetts, 3 September 1893) was an American-born soldier of French descent.

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Jersey

Jersey (Jèrriais: Jèrri), officially the Bailiwick of Jersey (Bailliage de Jersey; Jèrriais: Bailliage dé Jèrri), is a possession of the Crown in right of Jersey, off the coast of Normandy, France.

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Jules Ferry

Jules François Camille Ferry (5 April 183217 March 1893) was a French statesman and republican.

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Jules Grévy

François Paul Jules Grévy (15 August 1807 – 9 September 1891) was a President of the French Third Republic and one of the leaders of the Opportunist Republicans faction.

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Lady Randolph Churchill

Lady Randolph Churchill, CI DStJ (9 January 1854 – 29 June 1921), born Jeanette Jerome, was the American-born English socialite, wife of Lord Randolph Churchill, and the mother of British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.

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Le Gaulois

Le Gaulois was a French daily newspaper, founded in 1868 by Edmond Tarbé and Henri de Pène.

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Lebel Model 1886 rifle

The Lebel Model 1886 rifle (French: Fusil Modèle 1886 dit "Fusil Lebel") is also known as the "Fusil Mle 1886 M93", after a bolt modification was added in 1893.

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Legion of Honour

The Legion of Honour, or in full the National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is a French order established by Napoleon Bonaparte on 19 May 1802.

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Liberalism and radicalism in France

Liberalism and radicalism in France do not form the same type of ideology.

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Libourne

Libourne (Gascon Liborna) is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

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Lieutenant colonel

Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine forces and some air forces of the world, typically ranking above a major and below a colonel.

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Ligue des Patriotes

The League of Patriots (Ligue des Patriotes) was a French far right league, founded in 1882 by the nationalist poet Paul Déroulède, historian Henri Martin, and Félix Faure.

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List of French monarchs

The monarchs of France ruled from the establishment of Francia in 486 to 1870.

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List of political conspiracies

In a political sense, conspiracy refers to a group of people united in the goal of usurping or overthrowing an established political power.

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List of Prime Ministers of France

The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the Head of government and of the Cabinet of France.

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Lohengrin (opera)

Lohengrin is a Romantic opera in three acts composed and written by Richard Wagner, first performed in 1850.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Louis Philippe I

Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.

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Major

Major is a military rank of commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces.

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Marguerite Crouzet

Marguerite Crouzet was the mistress of Georges Boulanger.

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Marie François Sadi Carnot

Marie François Sadi Carnot (11 August 1837 – 25 June 1894) was a French statesman and the fifth president of the Third Republic.

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Mass (liturgy)

Mass is one of the names by which the sacrament of the Eucharist is commonly called in the Catholic Church, Western Rite Orthodox churches and many Old Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches.

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Maurice Leblanc

Maurice Marie Émile Leblanc (11 November 1864 – 6 November 1941) was a French novelist and writer of short stories, known primarily as the creator of the fictional gentleman thief and detective Arsène Lupin, often described as a French counterpart to Arthur Conan Doyle's creation Sherlock Holmes.

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Maurice Ronet

Maurice Ronet (13 April 1927 – 14 March 1983) was a French film actor, director, and writer.

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Maurice Rouvier

Maurice Rouvier (17 April 1842 – 7 June 1911) was a French statesman of the "Opportunist" faction.

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Military dictatorship

A military dictatorship is a form of government in which a member of the military holds authoritarian control.

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Minister of Defence (France)

The Minister of Defence (Ministre de la Défense) is the French cabinet member charged with running the military of France.

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Minister of the Interior (France)

The Minister of the Interior (ministʁ də lɛ̃teˈʁjœʁ) in France is one of the most important French government cabinet positions.

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Morale

Morale (also known as esprit de corps) is the capacity of a group's members to maintain belief in an institution or goal, particularly in the face of opposition or hardship.

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Mysticism

Mysticism is "a constellation of distinctive practices, discourses, texts, institutions, traditions, and experiences aimed at human transformation, variously defined in different traditions." The term "mysticism" has Ancient Greek origins with various historically determined meanings.

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Nadar (photographer)

Nadar was the pseudonym of Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (6 April 1820 – 23 March 1910), a French photographer, caricaturist, journalist, novelist, and balloonist.

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National Assembly (France)

The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic.

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Nord (French department)

Nord (North; Noorderdepartement) is a department in the far north of France.

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Opportunist Republicans

The Opportunist Republicans (Républicains opportunistes), also known as the Moderates (Modérés), were a faction of French Republicans who believed, after the proclamation of the Third Republic in 1870, that the regime could only be consolidated by successive phases.

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Orléanist

The Orléanists were a French right-wing (except for 1814-1830) faction which arose out of the French Revolution.

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Otto von Bismarck

Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890.

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Panthéon

The Panthéon (Pantheon, from Greek Πάνθεον meaning "Every god") is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris.

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Paris

Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.

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Paris Commune

The Paris Commune was a radical socialist and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871.

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Paris-Gare de Lyon

Paris-Gare de Lyon (or Gare de Lyon) is one of the six large mainline railway station termini in Paris, France.

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Parliamentary immunity

Parliamentary immunity, also known as legislative immunity, is a system in which members of the parliament or legislature are granted partial immunity from prosecution.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

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Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta

Marshal Marie Esme Patrice Maurice de MacMahon, 1st Duke of Magenta (13 June 1808 – 17 October 1893), was a French general and politician with the distinction Marshal of France.

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Paul Cambon

Pierre Paul Cambon (20 January 1843 in Paris – 29 May 1924 in Paris) was a French diplomat and brother to Jules Cambon.

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Paul Déroulède

Paul Déroulède (2 September 1846 – 30 January 1914) was a French author and politician, one of the founders of the nationalist League of Patriots.

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Penal transportation

Transportation or penal transportation is the sending of convicted criminals or other persons regarded as undesirable to a penal colony.

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Pierre Tirard

Pierre Emmanuel Tirard (27 September 1827 – 4 November 1893) was a French politician.

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President of France

The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française), is the executive head of state of the French Fifth Republic.

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Prince Philippe, Count of Paris

Prince Philippe d'Orléans, Count of Paris (Louis Philippe Albert; 24 August 1838 – 8 September 1894), was the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French.

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René Goblet

René Goblet (26 November 1828 – 13 September 1905) was a French politician, Prime Minister of France for a period in 1886–1887.

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Rennes

Rennes (Rennes, Gallo: Resnn) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.

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Reservist

A reservist is a person who is a member of a military reserve force.

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Revanchism

Revanchism (from revanche, "revenge") is a term used since the 1870s to describe a political manifestation of the will to reverse territorial losses incurred by a country, often following a war or social movement.

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Robecchetto con Induno

Robecchetto con Induno is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Milan in the Italian region Lombardy, located about west of Milan.

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Second Italian War of Independence

The Second Italian War of Independence, also called the Franco-Austrian War, Austro-Sardinian War or Italian War of 1859 (Campagne d'Italie), was fought by the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia against the Austrian Empire in 1859 and played a crucial part in the process of Italian unification.

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Second lieutenant

Second lieutenant (called under-lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces.

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Secret society

A secret society is a club or organization whose activities, events, and inner functioning are concealed from non-members.

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Seine (department)

Seine was a department of France encompassing Paris and its immediate suburbs.

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Senate (France)

The Senate (Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France, presided over by a president.

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Siege of Paris (1870–71)

The Siege of Paris, lasting from 19 September 1870 to 28 January 1871, and the consequent capture of the city by Prussian forces, led to French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the establishment of the German Empire as well as the Paris Commune.

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Sino-French War

The Sino-French War (Guerre franco-chinoise, Chiến tranh Pháp-Thanh), also known as the Tonkin War and Tonquin War, was a limited conflict fought from August 1884 through April 1885, to decide whether France would supplant China's control of Tonkin (northern Vietnam).

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Smokeless powder

Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.

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Soldier

A soldier is one who fights as part of an organized land-based armed force.

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Strike action

Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, on strike, greve (of French: grève), or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.

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Switzerland

Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.

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Third Italian War of Independence

The Third Italian War of Independence was a conflict which paralleled the Austro-Prussian War, and was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and the Austrian Empire.

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Tonkin

Tonkin (historically Đàng Ngoài), also spelled Tongkin, Tonquin or Tongking, is the northernmost part of Vietnam, south of China's Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces, east of northern Laos, and west of the Gulf of Tonkin.

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Treason

In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's sovereign or nation.

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Tunis

Tunis (تونس; Amazigh: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ) is the capital of Tunisia.

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Vichy France

Vichy France is the Allies' description of the government of the French State (État français), following its relocation to the spa town of Vichy, headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain from 1940 to 1944 during World War II.

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Victor Henri Rochefort, Marquis de Rochefort-Luçay

Victor Henri Rochefort, Marquis de Rochefort-Luçay (30 January 1831 – 30 June 1913) was a French politician.

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Viscounts and Dukes of Uzès

Lords, viscounts and then dukes of Uzès, in the Languedoc.

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Zeev Sternhell

Zeev Sternhell (זאב שטרנהל, born 1935) is a Polish-born Israeli historian, political scientist, commentator on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and writer.

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Redirects here:

Boulanger Affair, Boulanger Crisis, Boulanger affair, Boulanger crisis, Boulangism, Boulangisme, Boulangist, Boulangist crisis, Boulangist movement, Boulangiste, Boulangistes, Boulangists, G Boulanger, General Boulanger, George Boulanger, George Ernest Jean Marie Boulanger, Georges Boulanger, Georges Ernest Jean Marie Boulanger, Georges Ernest Jean-Marie Boulanger, Général Boulanger, Jean Marie Boulanger.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Ernest_Boulanger

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