143 relations: Abazinia, Achaemenid Empire, Alexander the Great, Alps, Ancient DNA, Arabs, Argyns, Armenia, Armenians, Ashkenazi Jews, Austria, Austrians, Azerbaijan, Ötzi, Bakhtiari people, Balkars, Bangladesh, Bavaria, Berbers, Black Sea, Bohemian, Brahui people, British Isles, Bure kinship, Burusho people, Caucasus, Caucasus Mountains, Central Asia, Crete, Croatia, Crypto-Judaism, Cypriot, Digora, Drava, Druze, Egypt, Ergolding, Europe, Family Tree DNA, Federal Communications Commission, France, Genetic genealogy, Genetic history of Europe, Georgia (country), Georgians, Germans, Germany, Gilaks, Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, Haplogroup, ..., Haplogroup G-M377, Haplogroup GHIJK, Haplogroup HIJK, Horn of Africa, House of Plantagenet, Human genetics, Hungarians, Ibiza, Iceland, India, Indian Ocean, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, International Society of Genetic Genealogy, Iran, Israel, Italians, Italy, James Franciscus, Jews, John G. Cramer, Joseph Stalin, Kabarday, Kalash people, Kars, Kazakhs, Kazakhstan, Levant, Linear Pottery culture, Linn Banks, List of people from Sicily, List of Y-STR markers, Madjars, Magdalenian, Malaysia, Mazanderani people, Merovingian dynasty, Microsatellite, Middle East, Moroccan people, Mountain Jews, National Geographic (magazine), National Geographic Society, Neolithic, Neolithic Europe, Newton N. Minow, North Africa, Old World, Osijek, Ossetians, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Pashtuns, PBS, Peoples of the Caucasus, Persians, Phillip Hamman, Poland, Radiocarbon dating, RecLOH, Richard III of England, Russia, Sardinia, Scandinavia, Sephardi Jews, Simple random sample, Single-nucleotide polymorphism, South Asia, Soviet Union, Spain, Spanish Inquisition, Sri Lanka, Stanford University, Sub-Saharan Africa, Svans, Switzerland, Tempio Pausania, Tirol, Austria, Treilles, Turkey, Turkish people, Ukrainians, University of Arizona, University of Central Florida, Wales, Western Asia, Y chromosome, Y-chromosome haplogroups by populations, Y-DNA haplogroups by ethnic group, Y-DNA haplogroups by populations of Near East, Y-DNA haplogroups by populations of the Caucasus, Y-DNA haplogroups in European populations, 1000 Genomes Project, 23andMe. Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
Abazinia, Abazashta or Abaza is a historical country at the northern mountainside of the Caucasus Major, now the northern part of Karachay–Cherkessian Republic, Russia.
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The Achaemenid Empire, also called the, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great, notable for embracing various civilizations and becoming the largest empire of the ancient history, spanning at its maximum extent from the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas, from the Greek ἀλέξω (alexō) "defend" and ἀνδρ- (andr-), the stem of ἀνήρ (anēr) "man" and means "protector of men") was a King (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;. and a member of the Argead dynasty, a famous ancient Greek royal house.
The Alps (Alpi; Alpes; Alpen; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately across eight Alpine countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
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Ancient DNA is DNA isolated from ancient specimens.
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Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.
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The Argyn (Арғын) tribe is a constituent of the Kazakh ethnicity.
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Armenia (Հայաստան, tr. Hayastan), officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, tr. Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun), is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
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Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
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Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also, lit. "The Jews of Germany"), are a Jewish ethnic division who coalesced as a distinct community of Jews in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the 1st millennium.
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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe.
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Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic ethnic group, consisting of the population of the Republic of Austria, who share a common Austrian culture and Austrian descent and history.
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Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
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Ötzi (also called Ötzi the Iceman, the Similaun Man, the Man from Hauslabjoch, the Tyrolean Iceman, Homo tyrolensis, and the Hauslabjoch mummy) is a well-preserved natural mummy of a man who lived around 3,300 BCE, more precisely between 3359 and 3105 BCE, with a 66% chance that he died between 3239 and 3105 BCE.
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The Bakhtiari (Bakhtiari Lurish: بَختیاري,; بختیاری) is a southwestern Iranian tribe, and a subgroup of the Lurs.
The Balkars (sg. - alan, pl. - alanla"The most important fact of Karachay ethnographic tradition is that even today Karachays use the word "alan" to refer to each other.) are Turkic speaking people of the North Caucasus, mostly situated in the Russia, one of the titular populations of Kabardino-Balkaria.
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Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ,, lit. "The land of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
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The Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern,, Freistaat Bayern, Freistood Boajan/Baijaan, Main-Franconian: Freischdood Bayan; Bavorsko) is a federal state of Germany.
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The Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ Imaziɣen/imazighen/, singular: ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ Amaziɣ/Amazigh) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa.
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The Black Sea is a sea between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia.
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A Bohemian is a resident of Bohemia, a region of the Czech Republic or the former Kingdom of Bohemia, a region of the former Crown of Bohemia (lands of the Bohemian Crown).
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The Brahui (Brahui: براہوئی) are an ethnic group of about 2.2 million people with the vast majority found in Baluchistan, Pakistan as well as Afghanistan, where they are native, but they are also found through their diaspora in Middle Eastern states.
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The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland and over six thousand smaller isles.
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The Bure kinship (Swedish: Bureätten) is a Scandinavian kinship, centered in the Skellefteå area, today's Bureå in Northern Sweden.
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The Burusho or Brusho people live in the Hunza and Chitral District, and valleys of Gilgit–Baltistan in northern Pakistan.
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The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black and the Caspian seas.
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The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system in Eurasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Caucasus region. The Caucasus Mountains include the Greater Caucasus Range, which extends from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea, aligned west-northwest to east-southeast and reaching nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea; and the Lesser Caucasus, which runs parallel to the greater range, at a distance averaging about south. The Meskheti Range is a part of the Lesser Caucasus system. The Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges are connected by the Likhi Range, which separates the Kolkhida Lowland from the Kura-Aras Lowland. In the southeast the Aras River separates the Lesser Caucasus from the Talysh Mountains which straddle the border of southeastern Azerbaijan and Iran. The Lesser Caucasus and the Armenian Highland constitute the Transcaucasian Highland, which at their western end converge with the highland plateau of Eastern Anatolia in the far north east of Turkey. The highest peak in the Caucasus range is Mount Elbrus in the Greater Caucasus, which rises to a height of above sea level. Mountains near Sochi hosted part of the 2014 Winter Olympics.
Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
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Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, and the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
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Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.
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Crypto-Judaism is the secret adherence to Judaism while publicly professing to be of another faith; practitioners are referred to as "crypto-Jews" (origin from Greek kryptos - κρυπτός, 'hidden').
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Cypriot refers to something of, from, or related to the country of Cyprus, including.
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Digora (Дигора́; Дигорæ, Digoræ) is a town and the administrative center of Digorsky District of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia, located northwest of Vladikavkaz on the Ursdon River (left tributary of the Terek).
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The Drava by Jürgen Utrata (2014).
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The Druze (درزي or, plural دروز; דרוזי plural דרוזים) are an Arabic-speaking esoteric ethnoreligious group, originating in Southwestern Asia, who self-identify as unitarians (Al-Muwaḥḥidūn/Muwahhideen).
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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
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Ergolding is a municipality in the district of Landshut, in Bavaria, Germany.
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Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
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Family Tree DNA is a division of Gene by Gene, a commercial genetic testing company based in Houston, Texas.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government, created by Congressional statute (see and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Genetic genealogy is the use of DNA testing in combination with traditional genealogy and traditional genealogical and historical records to infer relationships between individuals.
The genetic history of Europe is complicated because European populations have a complicated demographic history, including many successive periods of population growth.
Georgia (საქართველო, tr. Sakartvelo) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Georgians (tr) are an indigenous Caucasian nation and ethnic group.
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Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history, and speak the German language as their native language.
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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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The Gilani people or Gilaks (Gilaki:گیلک) are an Iranian people native to the northern Iran province of Gilan.
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The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom was – along with the Indo-Greek Kingdom – the easternmost part of the Hellenistic world, covering Bactria and Sogdiana in Central Asia from 250 to 125 BC.
In molecular evolution, a haplogroup (from the ἁπλούς, haploûs, "onefold, single, simple" and Proto-kruppaz, "round mass, lump") is similar haplotypes that share a common ancestor having the same single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutation in all haplotypes.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup G2b-M377 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup and is defined by the presence of the M377 mutation.
Haplogroup GHIJK, defined by the SNPs F1329, M3658, PF2622, and YSC0001299, (8 September 2015).
Haplogroup HIJK, defined by the SNPs F929, M578, PF3494 and S6397, (8 September 2015).
The Horn of Africa (Geeska Afrika, Gaaffaa Afriikaa, የአፍሪካ ቀንድ yäafrika qänd, القرن الأفريقي al-qarn al-'afrīqī, ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ) (shortened to HOA; alternatively Somali Peninsula) is a peninsula in Northeast Africa.
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The House of Plantagenet was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France.
Human genetics is the study of inheritance as it occurs in human beings.
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Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group who speak Hungarian and are primarily associated with Hungary.
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Ibiza (Eivissa)p is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of the city of Valencia, in eastern Spain.
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Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.
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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
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The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
The International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) is an independent non-commercial nonprofit organization of genetic genealogists run by volunteers.
Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.
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Israel, officially the State of Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל; دولة إِسْرَائِيل), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea.
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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
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James Grover Franciscus (January 31, 1934 – July 8, 1991) was an American actor, known for his roles in feature films and in four television series, Mr. Novak, The Naked City, The Investigators, and Longstreet.
The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
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John G. Cramer (born October 24, 1934) is a professor of physics at the University of Washington in Seattle, the United States.
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Joseph Stalin (birth surname: Jughashvili; 18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.
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Kabardians or Kabardian people (Къэбэртайхэр-адыгэ; Къэбэрдейхэр; Кабардинцы; القبرطاي أو القبردي); are terms referring to a people of the northern Caucasus more commonly known by the plural term Kabardin (or Kebertei as they term themselves).
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The Kalasha (Kalasha: Kaĺaśa, Nuristani: Kasivo) or Kalash, are a Dardic indigenous people residing in the Chitral District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
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Kars (Կարս or Ղարս Ghars, ყარსი Karsi, Kurdish: Qers) is a city in northeast Turkey and the capital of Kars Province.
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The Kazakhs (also spelled Kazaks, Qazaqs; Қазақ, Қазақтар; the English name is transliterated from Russian) are a Turkic people of the northern parts of Central Asia (largely Kazakhstan, but also found in parts of Uzbekistan, China, Russia and Mongolia).
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Kazakhstan (Қазақстан.), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia, with a minor part west of the Ural River and thus in Europe.
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The Levant (Arabic: المشرق Naim, Samia, Dialects of the Levant, in Weninger, Stefan et al. (eds.), The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter (2011), p. 921) is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the eastern Mediterranean.
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The Linear Pottery culture is a major archaeological horizon of the European Neolithic, flourishing circa 5500–4500 BC.
Linn Banks (January 23, 1784 – January 13, 1842) was a 19th-century politician and lawyer from Virginia.
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Sicily is the largest region in Italy with a population of over five million and has contributed many famous names to all walks of life.
The following list of Y-STR markers are commonly used in forensic and genealogical DNA testing.
The Madjars are an ethnic group in Kazakhstan.
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The Magdalenian (also Madelenian; French: Magdalénien) refers to one of the later cultures of the Upper Paleolithic in western Europe, dating from around 17,000 to 12,000 years ago.
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Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.
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The Mazanderani people or Tabari people are an Iranian peopleAcademic American Encyclopedia By Grolier Incorporated, page 294 whose homeland is the North of Iran (Tabaristan).
The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century AD.
A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times.
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The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.
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The Moroccan people (Arabic:, Berber) are a people that share a common Moroccan culture and ancestry.
Mountain Jews or Caucasus Jews also known as Judeo-Tats, Juhuro, Juvuro, Kavkazi Jews or Gorsky Jews are Jews of the eastern and northern slopes of Caucasus, mainly Azerbaijan and Dagestan, with some in Chechnya, Kabardino-Balkaria, Krasnodar Krai and more.
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National Geographic, formerly The National Geographic Magazine, is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C. in the United States of America, is one of the largest nonprofit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, from νέος (néos, "new") and λίθος (líthos, "stone"), or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world from First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural Societies by Peter Bellwood, 2004 and ending between 4,500 and 2,000 BC.
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Neolithic Europe refers to a prehistoric period in which Neolithic technology was present in Europe.
Newton Norman Minow (born January 17, 1926) is an American attorney and former Chair of the Federal Communications Commission.
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of Africa.
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The Old World consists of Africa, Europe, and Asia, regarded collectively as the part of the world known to Europeans before contact with the Americas.
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Osijek is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 108,048 in 2011.
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The Ossetians or Ossetes (ир, ирæттæ,; дигорæ, дигорæнттæ) are an Iranian ethnic group of the Caucasus Mountains, indigenous to the region known as Ossetia.
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The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.
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Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.
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The Pashtuns (پښتانه Pax̌tānə; sing. masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pakhtuns), historically known by the exonyms Afghans (افغان, Afğān) and Pathans (tr. from Hindustani, Paṭhān), are an ethnic group with populations in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
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The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
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This article deals with the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Caucasus region.
Persians or Persian people may refer to.
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Phillip Hamman, Sr. (c. 1753 – August 3, 1832), known as "The Savior of Greenbrier", was an American frontier hero who was commended for bravery in the defence of Fort Donnally of Greenbrier County, West Virginia from a Shawnee attack in 1778.
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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.
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Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.
RecLOH is a term in genetics that is an abbreviation for "Recombinant Loss of Heterozygosity".
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Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485, at the age of 32, in the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Russia (Ru-Россия.ogg), also officially known as the Russian Federation (a), is a country in northern Eurasia.
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Sardinia (Sardegna, Sardìgna, Sardìnnia /, Sassarese: Sardhigna, Gallurese: Saldigna, Algherese: Saldegna, Tabarchino: Sardegna) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and before Cyprus) and an autonomous region of Italy, which goes by the official name of Regione Autonoma della Sardegna / Regione Autònoma de Sardigna (Autonomous Region of Sardinia).
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Scandinavia is a historical and cultural-linguistic region in Northern Europe characterized by a common ethno-cultural North Germanic heritage and related languages.
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Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּי, Modern Hebrew: Sfaraddi, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddî, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.e., about the year 1000).
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In statistics, a simple random sample is a subset of individuals (a sample) chosen from a larger set (a population).
A single nucleotide polymorphism, also known as simple nucleotide polymorphism, (SNP, pronounced snip; plural snips) is a DNA sequence variation occurring commonly within a population (e.g. 1%) in which a single nucleotide — A, T, C or G — in the genome (or other shared sequence) differs between members of a biological species or paired chromosomes.
South Asia or Southern Asia is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition (Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition (Inquisición española), was established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile.
Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.
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Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University) is a private research university in Stanford, California, and one of the world's most prestigious institutions, with the top position in numerous rankings and measures in the United States.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara Desert.
The Svans (სვანი, Svani) are an ethnic subgroup of the Georgians (Kartvelians)Stephen F. Jones.
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Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.
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Tempio Pausania (Tèmpiu) is a town of about 14,000 inhabitants in the Gallura region of northern Sardinia, Italy, the administrative capital (together with Olbia) of the province of Olbia-Tempio.
Tirol (Tirol,; Tirolo) is a federation state (Bundesland) in western Austria.
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Treilles is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.
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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.
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Turkish people (Türk milleti), or Turks (Türkler), are a Turkic ethnic group.
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Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.
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The University of Arizona (also referred to as U of A, UA, or Arizona) is a public research university located in Tucson, Arizona, United States.
The University of Central Florida, commonly referred to as UCF, is a metropolitan public research university located in Orlando, Florida, United States.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.
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Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
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The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, including humans, and many other animals.
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The following articles are lists of human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups found in populations around the world.
Listed here are notable ethnic groups by Y-DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies.
Listed here are notable ethnic groups and populations from Western Asia, North Africa and South Caucasus by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies.
Listed here are notable groups and ethnic groups from Caucasus by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies.
The table below shows the human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups, based on relevant studies, for various ethnic and other notable groups from Europe.
The 1000 Genomes Project, launched in January 2008, is an international research effort to establish by far the most detailed catalogue of human genetic variation.
23andMe is a privately held personal genomics and biotechnology company based in Mountain View, California.
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