111 relations: Anarchy, Baron Stafford, Beeching cuts, Bernard de Neufmarché, Bibliophilia, Black Mountains, Wales, Book town, Bookselling, Boy band, Brecknockshire, Brecon, Brecon and Radnorshire (Assembly constituency), Brecon and Radnorshire (UK Parliament constituency), Brecon Beacons National Park, Bridgend, Bronllys, Brycheiniog, Buellt, Builth Wells, Castle, Charter, Chepstow Castle, Christopher Dawson, Commote, Community (Wales), County town, Curtain wall (fortification), Cusop, Dendrochronology, Duke of Buckingham, Edward I of England, England, England–Wales border, Finding Violet Park, Five (band), Gatehouse, Germany, Goodrich Castle, Hay Festival, Hay-on-Wye railway station, Henry II of England, Herbert Rowse Armstrong, Hereford, Herefordshire, HowTheLightGetsIn, Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, Jamie Woon, Jason "J" Brown, Jasper Fforde, Jenny Valentine, ..., Josie Pearson, Keep, Knight, Lawrence M. Krauss, Lenition, Libin, Literary festival, Llywelyn the Great, Mali, Manorialism, Mansion, Marcher Lord, Market town, Mary (mother of Jesus), Member of parliament, Micronation, Mike Skinner (musician), Miles of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford, Mortimer, Motte-and-bailey castle, Municipalities of Belgium, Natalie Bennett, New College of the Humanities, New Radnor, Norman architecture, Norman invasion of Wales, Normans, Old English, Owain Glyndŵr, Painscastle, Philosophy, Portcullis, Powys, Radnorshire, Redu, Richard Booth, River Wye, Robin Saikia, Roger Williams (British politician), Second Barons' War, Sedbergh, Sibyl de Neufmarché, Simon Blackburn, Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, Stephen, King of England, The Daily Telegraph, Thursday Next, Timbuktu, Twin towns and sister cities, United Kingdom, Used book, Wales, Ward (castle), Wars of the Roses, Welsh Marches, West Africa, Wigtown, William de Braose (died 1230), William de Braose, 1st Lord of Bramber, William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber, William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
Anarchy is the condition of a society, entity, group of people or a single person which does not recognize authority.
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Baron Stafford, referring to Stafford, is a title that has been created several times in the Peerage of England.
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The Beeching cuts (also Beeching Axe) refer to the reduction of route network and restructuring of the Railways in Great Britain outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board.
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Bernard of Neufmarché was "the first of the original conquerors of Wales." He was a minor Norman lord who rose to power in the Welsh Marches before successfully undertaking the invasion and conquest of the Kingdom of Brycheiniog between 1088 and 1095.
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Bibliophilia or bibliophilism is the love of books, and a bibliophile is an individual who loves books.
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Not to be confused with the Black Mountain. The Black Mountains (Y Mynyddoedd Duon) are a group of hills spread across parts of Powys and Monmouthshire in southeast Wales, and extending across the England–Wales border into Herefordshire.
A book town is a town or village with a large number of used book or antiquarian book stores.
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Bookselling is the commercial trading of books, the retail and distribution end of the publishing process.
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A boy band (or boyband) is loosely defined as a vocal group consisting of young male singers, usually in their teenage years or in their twenties at the time of formation, singing love songs marketed towards young females.
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Brecknockshire (Sir Frycheiniog), also known as the County of Brecknock, Breconshire, or the County of Brecon is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, and a former administrative county.
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Brecon (Aberhonddu), archaically known as Brecknock, is a market town and community in Powys, Mid Wales, with a population of 7,901.
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Brecon and Radnorshire is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales.
Brecon and Radnorshire (Brycheiniog a Sir Faesyfed) is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Brecon Beacons National Park (Welsh: Parc Cenedlaethol Bannau Brycheiniog) is one of three national parks in Wales, and is centred on the Brecon Beacons range of hills in South Wales.
Bridgend (Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr, meaning "The main bridge on the River Ogmore" or alternatively "Bridgehead on the River Ogmore" (suggesting a battle), is a town in Bridgend County Borough in Wales, west of the capital Cardiff and east of Swansea. The river crossed by the original bridge, which gave the town its name, is the River Ogmore, but the River Ewenny also passes to the south of the town. Historically a part of Glamorgan, Bridgend has greatly expanded in size since the early 1980s - the 2001 census recorded a population of 39,429 for the town and the 2011 census reports that the Bridgend Local Authority had a population of 139,200 up from 128,700 in 2001. This 8.2% rise was the largest rise in Wales except for Cardiff. The town is undergoing a redevelopment project, with the town centre mainly pedestrianised and ongoing works including Brackla Street Centre redevelopment to Bridgend Shopping Centre, Rhiw Car Park redevelopment, ongoing public realm improvements and the upgrade of the Bridgend Life Centre and demolition of Sunnyside offices to accommodate a large retirement complex.
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Bronllys is a village in Powys, Wales between the nearby towns Brecon and Talgarth.
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Brycheiniog was a small independent petty kingdom in South Wales in the Early Middle Ages.
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Buellt or Builth was a cantref in medieval Wales, located west of the River Wye.
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Builth Wells (Llanfair ym Muallt) is a town in the county of Powys, within the historic boundaries of Brecknockshire, mid Wales, lying at the confluence of the River Wye and the River Irfon, in the Welsh (or Upper section) of the Wye Valley.
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A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility.
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A charter is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified.
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Chepstow Castle (Cas-gwent), located in Chepstow, Monmouthshire, in Wales, on top of cliffs overlooking the River Wye, is the oldest surviving post-Roman stone fortification in Britain.
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f1 Christopher Henry Dawson FBA (12 October 1889, Hay Castle – 25 May 1970, Budleigh Salterton) was a British independent scholar, who wrote many books on cultural history and Christendom.
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A commote (Welsh cwmwd, sometimes spelt in older documents as cymwd, plural cymydau, less frequently cymydoedd),Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru (University of Wales Dictionary), p. 643 was a secular division of land in Medieval Wales.
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A community (cymuned) is a division of land in Wales that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales.
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A county town is a county's current or former administrative centre in the United Kingdom, Ireland, or Jamaica.
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A curtain wall is defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress, or town.
Cusop is a village and civil parish in Herefordshire, England that lies next to the town of Hay-on-Wye in Wales.
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Dendrochronology (from δένδρον, dendron, "tree limb"; χρόνος, khronos, "time"; and -λογία, -logia) or tree-ring dating, is the scientific method of dating based on the analysis of patterns of tree rings, also known as growth rings.
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Duke of Buckingham, referring to Buckingham, is a title that has been created several times in the peerages of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.
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Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
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The England–Wales border is the official border and mark of entry between Wales and England, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
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Finding Violet Park, or Me, the Missing, and the Dead in the U.S., is a young adult novel by Jenny Valentine, published by HarperCollins in 2007.
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Five (stylised as 5ive) are an English boy band consisting of members Sean Conlon, Ritchie Neville, and Scott Robinson.
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A gatehouse, in architectural terminology, is a building enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a castle, manor house, fort, town or similar buildings of importance.
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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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Goodrich Castle is a now ruinous Norman medieval castle situated to the north of the village of Goodrich in Herefordshire, England, controlling a key location between Monmouth and Ross-on-Wye.
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The Hay Festival of Literature & Arts is an annual literature festival held in Hay-on-Wye, Powys, Wales, for ten days from May to June.
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Hay was a railway station serving the town of Hay-on-Wye in Powys, Wales.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England (1154–89) and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
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Herbert Rowse Armstrong TD.
Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.
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Herefordshire (abbreviated Herefs. or Hfds.) is a historic English county in the West Midlands.
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HowTheLightGetsIn is the world's largest philosophy and music festival, hosted by the Institute of Art and Ideas.
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Humphrey (VI) de Bohun (c. 1249 – 31 December 1298), 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex, was an English nobleman known primarily for his opposition to King Edward I over the Confirmatio Cartarum.Fritze and Robison, (2002).
Jamie Woon (born 29 March 1983) is a British singer, songwriter and producer signed to PMR who gained widespread acclaim in 2010 for his single, "Night Air", which was co-produced by Burial, following his previous independent release, "Wayfaring Stranger" EP.
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Jason Paul "J" Brown (born 13 June 1976 in Aldershot, Hampshire, England) is an English former singer and rapper.
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Jasper Fforde (born 11 January 1961) is a British novelist.
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Jenny Valentine is a British children's novelist.
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Josie Rachel Pearson MBE (born 3 January 1986) is a Paralympian wheelchair rugby player and athlete from England.
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A keep (from the Middle English kype) is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility.
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A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch or other political leader for service to the Monarch or country, especially in a military capacity.
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Lawrence Maxwell Krauss (born May 27, 1954) is an American theoretical physicist and cosmologist who is Foundation Professor of the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University and director of its Origins Project.
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In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous (vowel-like).
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Libin is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg.
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A literary festival, also known as a book festival or writers' festival, is a regular gathering of writers and readers, typically on an annual basis in a particular city.
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Llywelyn the Great (Llywelyn Fawr), full name Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, (c. 117211 April 1240) was a Prince of Gwynedd in north Wales and eventually de facto ruler over most of Wales.
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Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa.
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Manorialism, an essential element of feudal society, was the organizing principle of rural economy that originated in the villa system of the Late Roman Empire, was widely practiced in medieval western and parts of central Europe, and was slowly replaced by the advent of a money-based market economy and new forms of agrarian contract.
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A mansion is a large dwelling house.
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A Marcher Lord was a strong and trusted noble appointed by the King of England to guard the border (known as the Welsh Marches) between England and Wales.
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Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the medieval period, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city.
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According to the New Testament, Mary (Miriam: מרים; BC – AD), also known as Saint Mary or the Virgin Mary, was a Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth and the mother of Jesus.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
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A micronation, sometimes referred to as a model country or new country project, is an entity that claims to be an independent nation or state but is not officially recognized by world governments or major international organizations.
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Michael Geoffrey "Mike" Skinner (born 27 November 1978) is an English rapper, musician, record producer, and actor, best known for the music project The Streets.
Miles FitzWalter of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford, Lord of Brecknock (died 24 December 1143) was High Sheriff of Gloucester and Constable of England.
Mortimer is an English surname.
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A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.
Belgium comprises 589 municipalities (gemeenten; communes; Gemeinden) grouped into five provinces in each of two regions and into a third region, the Brussels-Capital Region, comprising 19 municipalities that do not belong to a province.
Natalie Louise Bennett (born 10 February 1966) is a British politician and journalist who has led the Green Party of England and Wales since September 2012.
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New College of the Humanities (NCH) is an independent undergraduate college in London, England, founded by the philosopher A.C. Grayling, who became its first Master.
New Radnor (Maesyfed) is a village in Powys, mid Wales.
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The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries.
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The Norman invasion of Wales began shortly after the Norman conquest of England under William the Conqueror, who believed England to be his birthright.
The Normans (Normands; Nortmanni) were the people who in the 10th and 11th centuries gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
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Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc) or Anglo-Saxon is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
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Owain Glyndŵr, or Owain Glyn Dŵr, (c. 1349 or 1359 – c. 1415) was a Welsh ruler and the last native Welshman to hold the title Prince of Wales (Tywysog Cymru).
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Painscastle (Welsh: Castell-paen) is a castle in Powys, Wales and also a village which takes its name from the castle.
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Philosophy is the study of the general and fundamental nature of reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
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A portcullis (from the French porte coulissante or gliding door) is a kind of heavy vertically-opening gate typically found in medieval fortifications, consisting of a latticed grille made of wood, metal, or a combination of the two.
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Powys (or; Welsh) is a principal area, local-government county and preserved county in Mid Wales.
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Radnor or Radnorshire (Sir Faesyfed) is a sparsely populated area, one of thirteen historic and former administrative counties of Wales.
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Redu is a village in the municipality of Libin, in Luxembourg province, Belgium.
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Richard George William Pitt Booth, MBE (born 12 September 1938 in Hay-on-Wye, Wales), is a Welsh bookseller, known for his contribution to the success of Hay-on-Wye as a centre for second-hand bookselling.
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The River Wye (Afon Gwy) is the fifth-longest river in the UK, stretching some from source to sea.
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Robin Saikia is a British writer.
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Roger Hugh Williams, CBE, (born 22 January 1948) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the UK.
The Second Barons' War (1264–1267) was a civil war in England between the forces of a number of barons led by Simon de Montfort against Royalist forces led by Prince Edward (later Edward I of England), in the name of Henry III.
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Sedbergh is a small town and civil parish in Cumbria, England.
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Sibyl de Neufmarché, Countess of Hereford, suo jure Lady of Brecknock (c. 1100 – after 1143), was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman, heiress to one of the most substantial fiefs in the Welsh Marches.
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Simon Blackburn (born 12 July 1944) is a British academic philosopher known for his work in metaethics, where he defends quasi-realism, and in the philosophy of language; more recently, he has gained a large general audience from his efforts to popularise philosophy.
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Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (– 4 August 1265), also called Simon de Munford and sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from other Simons de Montfort, was a French nobleman who inherited the title and estates of the earldom of Leicester in England.
Stephen (c. 1092/6 – 25 October 1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was a grandson of William the Conqueror.
The Daily Telegraph is a British daily morning English-language broadsheet newspaper, published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed throughout the United Kingdom and internationally.
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Thursday Next is the protagonist in a series of comic fantasy, alternate history novels by the British author Jasper Fforde.
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Timbuktu (Tombouctou; Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu), formerly also spelled Timbuctoo and Timbuktoo, is a city in the West African nation of Mali situated north of the River Niger on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert.
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Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal and social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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A used book or secondhand book is a book which has been owned before by an owner other than the publisher or retailer, usually by an individual or library.
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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.
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In fortifications, a bailey or ward refers to a courtyard enclosed by a curtain wall.
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The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England.
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"The Welsh Marches" (Y Mers) as a term in modern usage denotes an imprecisely defined area along and around the border between England and Wales in the United Kingdom.
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West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost subcontinent of Africa.
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Wigtown (Baile na h-Ùige) is a town and former royal burgh in Wigtownshire, of which it is the county town, within the Dumfries and Galloway region in Scotland.
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William de Braose (c. 1197 – 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia Briwere.
William de Braose (or William de Briouze), First Lord of Bramber (died 1093/1096) was previously lord of Briouze, Normandy.
William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber (fl. 1135–1179) was a 12th-century Marcher lord who secured a foundation for the dominant position later held by the Braose family in the Welsh Marches.
William FitzOsbern (circa 1020 – 22 February 1071), Lord of Breteuil, in Normandy, was a relative and close counsellor of William the Conqueror and one of the great magnates of early Norman England.