144 relations: A. D. Patel, Ahmadiyya, Ahmed Ali (politician), Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, Ajit Swaran Singh, Anand Satyanand, Anglican Communion, Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore, Arya Samaj in Fiji, Assemblies of God, Australia, Badri Maharaj, Bobby Singh, Brij Lal (historian), British Empire, Catholic Church, Census, Christian, Christianity, Colonial Sugar Refining Company (Fiji), Colony of Fiji, Communal constituencies, Consul, Culture of Fiji, English language, Enlisted rank, Fiji, Fiji Hindi, Fiji Labour Party, Fiji Live, Fiji Samachar, Fiji Times, Fijian general election, 1999, Fijian general election, 2001, Fijian general election, 2006, Fijian language, Fijians, Fijians in the United Kingdom, Ganesh Chand, General electors, Girmityas, Government of India, Governor of Fiji, Gujarati language, Gujarati people, Gujaratis in Fiji, Hafiz Khan, Hindu, Hinduism, Hinduism in Fiji, ..., Hindustan Times, Hindustani language, House of Representatives of Fiji, Imrana Jalal, Indenture, Indentured servant, India, Indian Imperial Association, Indian people, Indian Platoon, Indian subcontinent, Indies, International Society for Krishna Consciousness, Islam, Islam in Fiji, Jai Ram Reddy, James Ramchandar Rao, Jone Navakamocea, Joni Madraiwiwi, Julian Moti, Kamisese Mara, Koiné language, Laisenia Qarase, Lascar, Lawyer, Legislative Council of Fiji, Leonidas (ship), Levuka, Lingua franca, Lisa Singh, Local government in Fiji, London, Mahendra Chaudhry, Manilal Doctor, Methodism, Methodist Church of Fiji and Rotuma, Moti Tikaram, Muslim, Nalini Singh (author), National constituencies, National Federation Party, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin, Open constituencies, Pacific Ocean, Parmanand Singh, Peter Dillon, Politics of Fiji, President of Fiji, Prime Minister of Fiji, Privilege (legal ethics), Punjabi language, Punjabis, Rajen Prasad, Rajesh Chandra, Ramon Tikaram, Ratu, Réunion, Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill, Rocky Khan, Roy Krishna, Rwanda, Sadhu, Sanātanī, Sandalwood, Satya Nandan, Seru Epenisa Cakobau, Sikh, Sikhism in Fiji, Sir, Solomon Islands, South Indians in Fiji, Sugar, Sugarcane, Sunni Islam, Tamil language, Tanita Tikaram, Taveuni, Telugu language, United Kingdom, United States, United States Department of State, Universal suffrage, Vanua Levu, Vanuatu, Vashist Muni, Vice-President of Fiji, Vijay Singh, Vishnu Deo, Viti Levu, 1997 Constitution of Fiji, 2000 Fijian coup d'état, 2006 Fijian coup d'état. Expand index (94 more) » « Shrink index
Ambalal Dahyabhai Patel, better known as A.D. Patel, (also sometimes referred to as AD) (1905–1969) was a Fiji Indian politician, farmers' leader and founder and leader of the National Federation Party.
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Ahmadiyya (officially the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated) is an Islamic religious movement founded in British India near the end of the 19th century.
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Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum is a Fijian politician and Cabinet Minister.
Dr Ajit Swaran Singh became the first Fiji-born Indian to be appointed to the District Court Bench in New Zealand when he was sworn in as a judge in Manukau on 4 November 2002.
Sir Anand Satyanand (born 22 July 1944) is a former lawyer, judge and ombudsman.
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The Anglican Communion is an international association of churches consisting of the Church of England and of national and regional Anglican churches in full communion with it.
Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore, GCMG, KJStJ (26 November 1829 – 30 January 1912) was a British Liberal Party politician and colonial administrator.
The Arya Samaj was the first religious, cultural and educational Fiji Indian organisation established in Fiji.
The Assemblies of God (AG), officially the World Assemblies of God Fellowship, is a group of over 140 autonomous but loosely associated national groupings of churches which together form the world's largest Pentecostal denomination.
Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.
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Badri Maharaj was an Indo-Fijian farmer, politician, and philanthropist.
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Bobby Singh (born November 21, 1975) is a retired professional American and Canadian football guard.
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Brij V. Lal is an Indo-Fijian historian.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.
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The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
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A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
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A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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The Colonial Sugar Refining Company (CSR) began operations in Fiji in 1880 and until it ceased operations in 1973, had a considerable influence on the political and economic life of Fiji.
The Colony of Fiji was a British colony that existed from 1874 to 1970 in present-day Fiji.
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Communal constituencies were the most durable feature of the Fijian electoral system.
Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.
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The culture of Fiji is a tapestry of indigenous Fijian, Indian, European, Chinese, and other nationalities.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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An enlisted rank (also known as an enlisted grade or enlisted rate) is, in some armed services, any rank below that of a commissioned officer.
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Fiji (Viti; फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; रिपब्लिक ऑफ फीजी Ripablik ăph Phījī), is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
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Fiji Hindi or Fijian Hindi, known locally as Hindustani, is the language spoken by most Fijian citizens of Indian descent, though a small number speak other languages at home.
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The Fiji Labour Party (FLP) is a political party in Fiji.
Fijilive is an online newspaper and business and cultural directory in Fiji.
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Fiji Samachar (Fiji News) was a Hindi language newspaper published in Fiji from 1924 to 1974.
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The Fiji Times is a daily English-language newspaper published in Suva, Fiji.
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General elections were held in Fiji between 8 and 15 May 1999.
The Constitution of Fiji was restored by a High Court decision on 15 November 2000, following the failure of the political upheaval in which the government had been deposed and the constitution suspended in May that year.
The Constitution of Fiji requires general elections for the House of Representatives to be held at least once every five years.
Fijian (Na Vosa Vakaviti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken in Fiji.
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iTaukei, legally known until 2010 as Fijians, are the major indigenous people of the Fiji Islands, and live in an area informally called Melanesia.
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Fijians in the United Kingdom include Fijian-born immigrants to the United Kingdom as well as their British-born descendants.
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"General Electors" is the term formerly used in Fiji to identify citizens of voting age who belonged, in most cases, to ethnic minorities.
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Girmityas are descendents of indentured Indian labourers brought to Fiji to work on sugarcane plantations for the prosperity of the European settlers and save the Fijians from having to work on these plantations and thus to preserve their culture.
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The Government of India (GoI), officially known as the Union Government and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India.
Fiji was a British Crown Colony from 1874 to 1970, and an independent Dominion in the British Commonwealth from 1970 to 1987.
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Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
Gujarati people or Gujaratis are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group of India that is traditionally Gujarati-speaking.
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Unlike the bulk of Fiji's Indian population, who are descendents of Indian indentured labourers brought to Fiji between 1879 and 1916, the Gujaratis came to Fiji as free immigrants beginning in 1904.
Hafizud Dean Khan is a Fijian businessman, and a former Senator and president of the Muslim League.
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Hindu has historically referred to geographical, religious or cultural identifier for people indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.
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Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.
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Hinduism in Fiji has a following primarily among the Indo-Fijians, who are descendants of indentured workers brought to Fiji by the British, as cheap labor for colonial sugarcane plantations.
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Hindustan Times (HT) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
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Hindustani (हिन्दुस्तानी, ||lit.
The House of Representatives was the lower chamber of Fiji's Parliament from 1970 to 2006.
Imrana Jalal, sometimes known as Patricia Jalal is a Fijian lawyer and activist of Indian descent, who served as a Human Rights Commissioner on the Fiji Human Rights Commission, and human rights advisor to the Pacific Regional Rights Resource Team and the United Nations United Nations Development Program and as a member of the Geneva-based International Commission of Jurists, to which she was elected in May 2006.
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An indenture is a legal contract that reflects a debt or purchase obligation.
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Indentured servitude was a labor system whereby young people paid for their passage to the New World by working for an employer for a certain number of years.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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The Indian Imperial Association of Fiji (I.I.A.) was active in Fiji during the last years of the indenture system, safeguarding the interests of and assisting in the improvement of the Indian community.
Indian people or Indians also known as Bharatiya are citizens of India and people of Indian heritage, the second most populous nation containing 17.50% of the world's population.
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The Indian Platoon was the only Fiji Indian military unit created in Fiji and existed from 1934 to 1941.
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The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term that has been used to describe the lands of South and South East Asia,Oxford Dictionary of English 2e, Oxford University Press, 2003, East Indies/East India occupying all of the present India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, most of Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Brunei, Singapore, the Philippines, East Timor, and Malaysia.
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The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), known colloquially as the Hare Krishna movement or Hare Krishnas, is a Gaudiya Vaishnava religious organisation.
Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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The Muslims of Fiji comprise approximately 7% of the population (62,534).
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Jai Ram Reddy, CF (born 12 May 1937) is an Indo-Fijian statesman, who has had a distinguished career in both the legislative and judicial branches of the Fijian government.
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James Ranchandar Rao (a.k.a. James Ramchandar Maharaj) was one of the three Fiji Indians elected to the Legislative Council of Fiji in October 1929 when Indians in Fiji were given the first opportunity to elect their own representatives.
Ratu Jone Navakamocea is a Fijian chief and politician.
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Ratu Joni Madraiwiwi, Lord Madraiwiwi Tangatatonga (born 1957) is a Fijian lawyer, politician and was the Vice-President of Fiji from 2004 to 2006.
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Julian Moti QC CSI is the former Attorney General of the Solomon Islands.
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Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, CF, GCMG, KBE (6 May 1920 – 18 April 2004) is considered the founding father of the modern nation of Fiji.
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In linguistics, a koiné language (κοινή common language in Koiné Greek) is a standard language or dialect that has arisen as a result of contact between two or more mutually intelligible varieties (dialects) of the same language.
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Laisenia Qarase (pronounced; born 4 February 1941) is a Fijian political figure.
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A lascar was a sailor or militiaman from the Indian Subcontinent or other countries east of the Cape of Good Hope, employed on European ships from the 16th century until the middle of the 20th century.
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A lawyer is a person who practices law, as a barrister, judge, attorney, counsel (counselor at law) or solicitor.
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The Fijian Legislative Council was the colonial precursor to the present-day Parliament, which came into existence when Fiji became independent on 10 October 1970.
The Leonidas (Named after king Leonidas I of Sparta) was a labour transport ship (schooner) that played an important role in the history of Fiji.
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Levuka is a town on the eastern coast of the Fijian island of Ovalau, in Lomaiviti Province, in the Eastern Division of Fiji.
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A lingua franca (plural lingua francas), also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language or vehicular language, is a language or dialect systematically (as opposed to occasionally, or casually) used to make communication possible between persons not sharing a native language or dialect, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both native languages.
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Lisa Maria Singh (born 20 February 1972) is an Australian politician who is a Labor Party member of the Australian Senate for Tasmania.
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Fiji is divided administratively into four divisions, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces; the self-governing island of Rotuma and its dependencies lie outside any of the four divisions.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
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Mahendra Pal Chaudhry (Hindi: महेन्द्र पाल चौधरी) (born 9 February 1942) is a Fijian and the leader of the Fiji Labour Party.
Manilal Maganlal Doctor (28 July 1881 – 8 January 1956) was an Indian-born, London educated lawyer and politician, who travelled to numerous countries of the British Empire, including Fiji, Mauritius and Aden, providing legal assistance to the local ethnic Indian population.
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Methodism, or the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.
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The Methodist Church of Fiji and Rotuma is the largest Christian denomination in Fiji, with 36.2 percent of the total population (including 66.6 percent of indigenous Fijians) at the 1996 census.
Sir Moti Tikaram, KBE, CF, LLB(NZ) (18 March 1925 – 17 May 2012) was a judge of the Supreme Court of Fiji, the first ombudsman of independent Fiji and a football administrator.
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A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.
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Nalini Singh is a New Zealand author of numerous paranormal romance novels.
National constituencies are a former feature of the Fijian electoral system.
The National Federation Party is a Fijian political party founded by A.D. Patel in November 1968, as a merger of the Federation Party and the National Democratic Party.
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
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New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
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A Non-Resident Indian (NRI) is a citizen of India who holds an Indian passport and has temporarily emigrated to another country for six months or more for employment, residence, education or any other purpose.
Open constituencies represent one of several electoral models employed in the past in the Fijian electoral system.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.
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Parmanand Singh (born 1905) was one of the three Fiji Indians elected to the Legislative Council of Fiji in October 1929 when Indians in Fiji were given the first opportunity to elect their own representatives.
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Peter Dillon (June 15, 1788 – February 9, 1847) was a sandalwood trader, self-proclaimed explorer, raconteur, and discoverer of the fate of the La Pérouse expedition.
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Politics of Fiji take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic.
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The President of the Republic of Fiji is the Head of State of Fiji.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji is the head of government of Fiji.
A privilege is a special entitlement to immunity granted by the state or another authority to a restricted group, either by birth or on a conditional basis.
Punjabi (Shahmukhi: پنجابی; Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 130 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 9th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.
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The Punjabis (Punjabi: (Shahmukhi), ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (Gurmukhi), Hindi: पंजाबी (Devanagari)), also spelt Panjabis, are an ethnic group of Indo-Aryan peoples, originating from the Punjab region, found in Pakistan and northern India.
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Dr Rajen Prasad, QSO, is a politician from New Zealand.
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Rajesh Chandra is a Fijian academic of Indian descent.
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Ramon Pramod Junior Tikaram (born 16 May 1967) is a British stage and screen actor of Indo-Fijian and Malaysian descent.
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Ratu is a title used by Fijians of chiefly rank.
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Réunion (La Réunion,; previously Île Bourbon) is a French island located in the Indian Ocean.
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The Reconciliation and Unity Commission was a proposed government body to be set up if the Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill, which was introduced into the Fijian Parliament on 4 May 2005 was passed.
Rocky Khan (born 6 May 1989 in Auckland, New Zealand) is a New Zealand rugby union player.
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Roy Krishna (born 30 August 1987, in Labasa) is a Fijian association football player, who currently plays as a striker for Wellington Phoenix in the A-League.
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Rwanda (or; U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in central and east Africa.
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In Hinduism, a sādhu (Sanskrit, "good; good man, holy man") is a religious ascetic or holy person.
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Sanātanī is a term often used by Indians to either describe denominations that adhere to Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism), or what is sometimes misunderstood to be Orthodox Hinduism.
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Sandalwood is the name of a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.
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Ambassador Satya N. Nandan, CF, CBE, a diplomat and lawyer from Fiji specializing in ocean affairs, was Chairman of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, where he served a two-year term commencing 1 January 2009.
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Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau (occasionally spelled Cacobau or Thakombau) (c.1815 – 1 February 1883) was a Fijian Ratu and warlord (Vunivalu) who united part of Fiji's warring tribes under his leadership, establishing a united Fijian kingdom.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a follower of Sikhism, a monotheistic dharma which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of South Asia.
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Unlike the majority of Fiji's Indian population, who are descendants of Indian indentured labourers brought to Fiji between 1879 and 1916, most of the Sikhs came to Fiji as free immigrants.
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Sir is an honorific address used in a number of situations in many anglophone cultures.
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Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of a large number of islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.
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The South Indians in Fiji are mainly descendents of the 15,132 indentured labourers who arrived in Fiji between 1903 to 1916.
Sugar is the generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
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Sugarcane, or sugar cane, is one of the several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
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Sunni Islam is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr.
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Tamil also spelt Thamizh is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.
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Tanita Tikaram (born 12 August 1969) is a German-born British pop/folk singer-songwriter.
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Taveuni (pronounced) is the third-largest island in Fiji, after Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, with a total land area of 434 square kilometres (169 Square Miles).
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Telugu (తెలుగు telugu) is a Dravidian language and is the only language other than Hindi, English and Bengali that is predominantly spoken in more than one Indian state, being the primary language in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, as well as in the town of Yanam where it is also an official language.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States Department of State (DoS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department responsible for international relations of the United States, equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries.
Universal suffrage (also universal adult suffrage, general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to adult citizens (or subjects), though it may also mean extending that right to minors (Demeny voting) and non-citizens.
Vanua Levu (pronounced), formerly known as Sandalwood Island, is the second largest island of Fiji.
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Vanuatu (or; Bislama), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is an Oceanian island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.
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Sadhu Vashist Muni was a Hindu missionary from India, who came into prominence in Fiji when he assumed the leadership of the strike in the western districts of Fiji in 1921.
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The Fijian vice-presidency was a mostly ceremonial office.
Vijay Singh, CF (विजय सिंह,; born 22 February 1963), nicknamed "The Big Fijian", is a Fijian professional golfer who was Number 1 in the Official World Golf Ranking for 32 weeks in 2004 and 2005.
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Pandit Vishnu Deo OBE (17 July 1900 - 7 May 1968) was the first Fiji born and bred leader of the Fiji Indians.
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Viti Levu (pronounced) is the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, the site of the nation's capital, Suva, and home to a large majority of Fiji's population.
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The 1997 Constitution of Fiji was the supreme law of Fiji from its adoption in 1997 until 2009 when President Josefa Iloilo purported to abrogate it.
The Fiji coup of 2000 was a complicated affair involving a civilian putsch by hardline Fijian nationalists against the elected government of a non-native (ethnically Indian) Prime Minister, Mahendra Chaudhry, on 19 May 2000, the attempt by President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara to assert executive authority on 27 May, and his own resignation, possibly forced, on 29 May.
The Fijian coup d'état of December 2006 occurred as a continuation of the pressure which had been building since the military unrest of the 2000 Fijian coup d'état and 2005–06 Fijian political crisis.