70 relations: Amantadine, American Roentgen Ray Society, Andrew Miller (physician), Antigenic drift, Avian influenza, Barack Obama, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Cytokine, Cytokine storm, Davis Wright Tremaine, Disease, Epidemic, Europe, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Fever, Flu season, Headache, Hemagglutinin, Hemagglutinin (influenza), History, Hybrid (biology), Immune system, Infection, Influenza, Influenza A virus, Influenza A virus subtype H1N2, Influenza A virus subtype H2N2, Influenza A virus subtype H2N3, Influenza A virus subtype H3N1, Influenza A virus subtype H3N2, Influenza A virus subtype H3N8, Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, Influenza vaccine, Influenza-like illness, Lung, National Academy of Medicine, Neuraminidase, Neuraminidase inhibitor, Orthomyxoviridae, Oseltamivir, Pandemic, Pandemic H1N1/09 virus, Pulmonary embolism, Reassortment, Rimantadine, Sore throat, Spain, State of emergency, ..., Strain (biology), Swine influenza, Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, T helper cell, Teratology, The National Law Review, Toronto, Venezuela, Viral matrix protein, Viral neuraminidase, Virus, White blood cell, World Health Organization, World War I, Zanamivir, Zoonosis, 1889–90 flu pandemic, 1918 flu pandemic, 1968 flu pandemic, 2009 flu pandemic. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
Amantadine (trade name Symmetrel, by Endo Pharmaceuticals) is a drug that has U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for use both as an antiviral and an antiparkinsonian drug.
The American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS) is a radiology society in the United States.
Andrew Miller is a physician and scientist noted for his work in H1N1 as one of the first to note the increased risk to pregnant patients, as well as a recipient of the AMA Foundation Leadership Award.
Antigenic drift is a mechanism for variation in viruses that involves the accumulation of mutations within the genes that code for antibody-binding sites.
Avian influenza — known informally as avian flu or bird flu — refers to "influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.""Avian influenza strains are those well adapted to birds".
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office.
The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) is a center within the University of Minnesota that focuses on addressing public health preparedness and emerging infectious disease response.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) is a consortium of mental health clinics at several sites in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Cytokines (Greek:Cyto from Greek "κύτταρο" kyttaro "cell" + Kines from Greek "κίνηση" kinisi "movement") are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.
A cytokine storm, also known as cytokine cascade and hypercytokinemia, is a potentially fatal immune reaction consisting of a positive feedback loop between cytokines and white blood cells, with highly elevated levels of various cytokines.
Davis Wright Tremaine LLP is a national business and litigation law firm with offices across the United States and in Shanghai, China.
A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism.
An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Fairleigh Dickinson University is a private, coeducational and nonsectarian university founded in 1942.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Flu season is an annually recurring time period characterized by the prevalence of outbreaks of influenza (flu).
A headache or cephalalgia is pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.
Hemagglutinin or haemagglutinin (British English) refers to a substance that causes red blood cells (RBCs) to agglutinate.
Influenza hemagglutinin (HA) or haemagglutinin (British English) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of influenza viruses.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans.
In biology a hybrid, also known as cross breed, is the result of mixing, through sexual reproduction, two animals or plants of different breeds, varieties, species or genera.
The immune system is a system of many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus.
Influenza A virus causes influenza in birds and some mammals, and is the only species of influenza virus A. Influenza virus A is a genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family of viruses.
H1N2 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus (sometimes called bird flu virus).
H2N2 is a subtype of the influenza A virus.
H2N3 is a subtype of the influenza A virus.
H3N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus, mostly affecting pigs.
Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 (A/H3N2) is a subtype of viruses that causes influenza (flu).
H3N8 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus that is endemic in birds, horses and dogs.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species.
The influenza vaccine, also known as flu shot, is an annual vaccination using a vaccine that is specific for a given year to protect against the highly variable influenza virus.
Influenza-like illness (ILI), also known as acute respiratory infection (ARI) and flu-like syndrome/symptoms, is a medical diagnosis of possible influenza or other illness causing a set of common symptoms.
The lung is the essential respiratory organ in many air-breathing animals, including most tetrapods, a few fish and a few snails.
The National Academy of Medicine, known as the Institute of Medicine (IOM) until June 30, 2015, is an American non-profit, non-governmental organization founded in 1970, under the congressional charter of the National Academy of Sciences.
Neuraminidase enzymes are glycoside hydrolase enzymes that cleave the glycosidic linkages of neuraminic acids.
Neuraminidase inhibitors are a class of drugs which block the neuraminidase enzyme.
The Orthomyxoviruses (ορθός, orthos, Greek for "straight"; μυξα, myxa, Greek for "mucus") are a family of RNA viruses that includes six genera: Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus.
Oseltamivir INN, marketed under the trade name Tamiflu, is an antiviral medication used to treat influenza A and influenza B (flu), and to prevent flu after exposure.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
The Pandemic H1N1/09 virus is a swine origin Influenza A virus subtype H1N1 virus strain responsible for the 2009 flu pandemic.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of the lung's main artery or one of its branches by a substance that has traveled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
Reassortment is the mixing of the genetic material of a species into new combinations in different individuals.
Rimantadine (INN, sold under the trade name Flumadine) is an orally administered antiviral drug used to treat, and in rare cases prevent, influenzavirus A infection.
A sore throat (or throat pain) is pain or irritation of the throat.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
A government or division of government (i.e. on a municipal, provincial/state level) may declare that their area is in a state of emergency.
In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used in three related ways.
Swine influenza, also called pig influenza, swine flu, hog flu and pig flu, is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is an inflammatory state affecting the whole body, frequently a response of the immune system to infection, but not necessarily so.
The T helper cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system.
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
The National Law Review is an American law journal, legal news website and legal analysis content-aggregating database.
Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the capital of the province of Ontario.
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.
Structural proteins linking the viral envelope with the virus core.
Viral neuraminidase is a type of neuraminidase found on the surface of influenza viruses that enables the virus to be released from the host cell.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
Zanamivir INN is a neuraminidase inhibitor used in the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza caused by influenza A and B viruses.
Zoonoses (plural -, also spelled zoönoses; singular zoonosis (or zoönosis); from Greek: ζῷον zoon "animal" and νόσος nosos "ailment") are infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates), that can naturally be transmitted to humans.
The 1889–1890 flu pandemic (October 1889 – December 1890, with recurrences March – June 1891, November 1891 – June 1892, spring 1893 and winter 1893–1894) was a deadly influenza pandemic that killed about 1 million people worldwide.
The 1918 flu pandemic (January 1918 – December 1920) was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
The 1968 flu pandemic was a category 2 flu pandemic whose outbreak in 1968 and 1969 killed an estimated one million people worldwide.
The 2009 flu pandemic or swine flu was an influenza pandemic, and the second of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus (the first of them being the 1918 flu pandemic), albeit in a new version.
A (H1N1), A h1n1, A(H1N1), A-h1n1, A/H1N1, AH1N1, H1 N1, H1-N1, H1N!, H1N1, H1N1 Flu, H1N1 Swine Flu, H1N1 diagnosis, H1N1 flu, H1N1 flu virus, H1N1 infection, H1N1 influenza, H1N1 virus, H1n1, H1n1 diagnosis, H1ni, HINI flu, Influenza A (H1N1), Influenza A H1N1, Influenza A subtype H1N1, Influenza A(H1N1), N1H1, PH1N1.