428 relations: Abbey of Saint Gall, Aidan of Lindisfarne, Airgíalla, Albion, Americas, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Andrea Corr, Anglo-Irish people, Anglo-Norman, Anglo-Saxons, Anglosphere, Angoumois, Anjou, Annals of Ulster, Anselm of Canterbury, Argentina, Art Mac Cumhaigh, Arthur Guinness, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Asturias, Atlantean (documentary series), Atlantic Europe, Atomism, Attacotti, Aud the Deep-Minded, Aunis, Australia, Éamon de Valera, Éile, Ériu, Ó Dálaigh, Banba, Barbados, Bard, Basque Country (greater region), Battle of Churubusco, Béarn, Beaufort scale, Berbers, Bernardo O'Higgins, Bobbio Abbey, Bono, Boolean algebra, Boyle's law, Bram Stoker, Brazil, Brehon, Brendan, Bretons, ..., Brian Boru, Brian Mac Giolla Phádraig (poet), Brigit of Kildare, British Isles, Brittany, Bryan Sykes, C. S. Lewis, Canada, Cantabria, Cappadocian Fathers, Caribbean, Carolingian Empire, Cathal Óg Mac Maghnusa, Cathal Buí Mac Giolla Ghunna, Catholic Church in the United States, Céide Fields, Celtic languages, Census in Australia, Central Statistics Office (Ireland), Charlemagne, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Che Guevara, Chemistry, Christianity, Christopher Columbus, Church of England, Church of Ireland, Cillian Vallely, Circa, Citizenship of the European Union, Clan Sweeney, Colombia, Columba, Columbanus, Conmhaícne, Connacht, Cork (city), Cormac mac Airt, Cornish people, Cornwall, Cotter family, Country, County Cork, County Kerry, County Wexford, Cox (surname), Cullen (surname), Cultural assimilation, Culture of Ireland, Cumbria, Current Biology, D. P. 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F. O'Rahilly, Tandem Verlag, Tanistry, Tánaiste, The Ireland Funds, The Pale, The Royal British Legion, The Sceptical Chymist, Thomas Davis (Young Irelander), Time (magazine), Tom Crean (explorer), Touraine, Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province, Tudor conquest of Ireland, Twelve Apostles of Ireland, Ulaid, Ulster, Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster Scots people, Unionism in Ireland, United States, United States Army, United States Declaration of Independence, United States Navy, University College Cork, Venezuela, Vergilius of Salzburg, Vikings, Voyages of Christopher Columbus, W. B. Yeats, Wales, War of the Austrian Succession, War of the Spanish Succession, Washington State University, Waterford, Würzburg, Wecta, Welsh people, West Region, Ireland, Wexford, White House, Wihtlæg, William Brown (admiral), William III of England, Wolfe Tone, Y chromosome, Yu Ming Is Ainm Dom, Zenit News Agency. Expand index (378 more) » « Shrink index
The Abbey of Saint Gall (Abtei St.) is a Roman Catholic religious complex in the city of St. Gallen in Switzerland of a dissolved abbey (747-1805).
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Aidan of Lindisfarne (died 31 August 651) was an Irish monk and missionary credited with restoring Christianity to Northumbria.
Airgíalla (Modern Irish: Oirialla, Anglicisations: Oriel, Uriel, Orgiall, Orgialla) was the name of an ancient Irish federation/kingdom.
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Albion (Ἀλβίων) is the oldest known name of the island of Great Britain.
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The Americas, or America,"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language (ISBN 0-19-214183-X).
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Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Andrea Jane Corr MBE (born 17 May 1974) is an Irish musician, songwriter, and actress.
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Anglo-Irish was a term used primarily in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a privileged social class in Ireland, whose members were mostly the descendants and successors of the Protestant Ascendancy.
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The Anglo-Normans were mainly the descendants of the Normans who ruled England following the Norman conquest by William the Conqueror in 1066.
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The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
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Anglosphere refers to a set of English-speaking nations with a similar cultural heritage, based upon populations originating from the nations of the British Isles (England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland), and which today maintain close political and military cooperation.
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Angoumois was a county and province of France.
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Anjou (Andegavia) is a former French county (in that it was ruled by a count, from), duchy (1360), and province.
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The Annals of Ulster (Annála Uladh) are annals of medieval Ireland.
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Saint Anselm of Canterbury (Anselmus Cantuariensis; – 21 April 1109), also called (Anselmo d'Aosta) after his birthplace and (Anselme du Bec) after his monastery, was a Benedictine monk, abbot, philosopher and theologian of the Catholic Church, who held the office of archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.
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Art Mac Cumhaigh (1738–1773) was, along with Cathal Buí Mac Giolla Ghunna, Peadar Ó Doirnín and Séamas Dall Mac Cuarta, among the most celebrated of the south Ulster and north Leinster poets in the eighteenth century.
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Arthur Guinness (1725 – 23 January 1803) was an Irish brewer and the founder of the Guinness brewery business and family.
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Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was a soldier and statesman, and one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain.
Asturias (Asturies), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
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Atlantean is a quartet of documentary films and accompanying book (The Atlantean Irish, Lilliput, 2005) by Irish film maker Bob Quinn.
Atlantic Europe is a geographical and anthropological term for the western portion of Europe which borders the Atlantic Ocean.
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Atomism (from Greek ἄτομον, atomon, i.e. "uncuttable", "indivisible") is a natural philosophy that developed in several ancient traditions.
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The Attacotti (Atticoti, Attacoti, Atecotti, Atticotti, Atecutti, etc. variously spelled) were a people who despoiled Roman Britain between 364 and 368, along with Scotti, Picts, Saxons, Roman military deserters, and the indigenous Britons themselves.
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Aud the Deep-Minded (Old Norse: Auðr djúpúðga Ketilsdóttir; Norwegian: Aud den djuptenkte, also known as Unn, Aud Ketilsdatter or Unnur Ketilsdottir) (834–900 AD) was an early settler in Iceland.
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Aunis is a historical province of France, situated in the north-west of the department of Charente-Maritime.
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Australia (colloquially), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.
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Éamon de Valera (born George de Valero; 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was one of the dominant political figures in twentieth century Ireland.
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Éile (Éle, Éli, commonly anglicised as Ely), was a medieval petty kingdom in northern Munster, Ireland.
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In Irish mythology, Ériu (modern Irish Éire), also called Eri, daughter of Ernmas of the Tuatha Dé Danann, was the eponymous matron goddess of Ireland.
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The Ó Dálaigh were a learned Irish bardic family who first came to prominence early in the 12th century, when Cú Connacht Ó Dálaigh was described as "The first Ollamh of poetry in all Ireland" (ollamh is the title given to university professors in Modern Irish).
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In Irish mythology, Banba (modern spelling: Banbha, pronounced), daughter of Ernmas of the Tuatha Dé Danann, is a patron goddess of Ireland.
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Barbados is a sovereign island country in the Lesser Antilles.
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In medieval Gaelic and British culture, a bard was a professional poet/story teller, employed by a patron, such as a monarch or nobleman, to commemorate one or more of the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own activities.
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The Basque Country (Euskal Herria; Pays basque; Vasconia or País Vasco) is the name given to the home of the Basque peopleTrask, R.L. The History of Basque Routledge: 1997 ISBN 0-415-13116-2 in the western Pyrenees that spans the border between France and Spain on the Atlantic coast.
The Battle of Churubusco took place on August 20, 1847, while Santa Anna's army was in retreat from the Battle of Contreras (Padierna), Mexican–American War.
Béarn (Gascon: Bearn or Biarn; Bearno or Biarno) is one of the traditional Provinces of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France.
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The Beaufort scale is an empirical measure that relates wind speed to observed conditions at sea or on land.
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The Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ Imaziɣen/imazighen/, singular: ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖ Amaziɣ/Amazigh) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa.
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Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (1778–1842) was a Chilean independence leader who, together with José de San Martín, freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence.
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Bobbio Abbey (Italian: Abbazia di San Colombano) is a monastery founded by Irish Saint Columbanus in 614, around which later grew up the town of Bobbio, in the province of Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
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Paul David Hewson (born 10 May 1960), known by his stage name Bono, is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist.
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In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is the branch of algebra in which the values of the variables are the truth values true and false, usually denoted 1 and 0 respectively.
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Boyle's law (sometimes referred to as the Boyle–Mariotte law, or Mariotte's law) is an experimental gas law which describes how the pressure of a gas tends to decrease as the volume of a gas increases.
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Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel, Dracula.
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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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Brehon (breitheamh - IPA or) is a term for a historical arbitration, mediative and judicial role in Gaelic culture.
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Saint Brendan of Clonfert or Bréanainn of Clonfert (484 – c. 577) (Irish: Naomh Breandán; Brendanus; (heilagur) Brandanus) called "the Navigator", "the Voyager", or "the Bold" is one of the early Irish monastic saints.
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The Bretons are an ethnic group located in the region of Brittany in France.
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Brian Boru (c. 94123 April 1014, Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig; Brian Bóruma; modern Brian Bóramha) was an Irish king who ended the domination of the High Kingship of Ireland by the Uí Néill.
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Brian Mac Giolla Phádraig (c. 1580 – c. 1652), Irish poet and priest.
Saint Brigit of Kildare or Brigid of Ireland (Naomh Bríd; 525) is one of Ireland's patron saints, along with Patrick and Columba.
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The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland and over six thousand smaller isles.
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Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the north-west of France.
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Bryan Sykes (born 9 September 1947) is a Fellow of Wolfson College, and former Professor of Human Genetics at the University of Oxford.
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Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
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Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.
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Cantabria is a Spanish historical community and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city.
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The Cappadocian Fathers are Basil the Great (330–379), who was bishop of Caesarea; Basil's younger brother Gregory of Nyssa (c.332–395), who was bishop of Nyssa; and a close friend, Gregory of Nazianzus (329–389), who became Patriarch of Constantinople.
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The Caribbean (or; Caribe; Caraïben; Caribbean Hindustani: कैरिबियन (Kairibiyana); Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts.
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The Carolingian Empire (800–924) was the final stage in the history of the early medieval realm of the Franks, ruled by the Carolingian dynasty.
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Cathal Óg Mac Maghnusa (February 1439 – March 1498) was the principal compiler of the Annals of Ulster.
Cathal Buí Mac Giolla Ghunna, Irish poet, c. 1680 – 1756.
The Catholic Church in the United States is part of the worldwide Catholic Church.
The Céide Fields is an archaeological site on the north County Mayo coast in the west of the Republic of Ireland, about 8 kilometres northwest of Ballycastle.
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The Celtic languages (usually pronounced but sometimes) are descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
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The census in Australia, or officially, the Census of Population and Housing, is a descriptive count of everyone who is in Australia on one night, and of their dwellings.
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The Central Statistics Office (CSO) (An Phríomh-Oifig Staidrimh) is the statistical agency responsible for the gathering of "information relating to economic, social and general activities and conditions" in Ireland, in particular the National Census which is held every five years.
Charlemagne (2 April 742/747/748Karl Ferdinand Werner: Das Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 1, 1973, pp. 115–157;Matthias Becher: Neue Überlegungen zum Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 19/1, 1992, pp. 37-60;R. McKitterick: Charlemagne. Cambridge 2008, p. 72.28 January 814), also known as Charles the Great (Carolus or Karolus Magnus) or Charles I, was King of the Franks who united most of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany.
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Charles Carroll (September 19, 1737 – November 14, 1832), known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton or Charles Carroll III to distinguish him from his similarly named relatives, was a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14,The date of birth recorded on his birth certificate was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year. Constenla alleges that she was told by Che's mother, Celia de la Serna, that she was already pregnant when she and Ernesto Guevara Lynch were married and that the date on the birth certificate of their son was forged to make it appear that he was born a month later than the actual date to avoid scandal. (Anderson 1997, pp. 3, 769.) 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as el Che or simply Che, was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military theorist.
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Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter.
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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo; Cristóbal Colón; Cristóvão Colombo; born between 31 October 1450 and 30 October 1451, Genoa; died 20 May 1506, Valladolid) was an Italian explorer, navigator, colonizer and citizen of the Republic of Genoa.
The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
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The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.
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Cillian Vallely is an Irish musician, born in Armagh, Northern Ireland.
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Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca or ca. (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages including English, usually in reference to a date.
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Citizenship of the European Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty, which was signed in 1992, and has been in force since 1993.
Clan Sweeney is an Irish clan of Scottish origin.
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Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
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Saint Columba (Colm Cille, 'church dove'; 7 December 521 – 9 June 597) was an Irish abbot and missionary credited with spreading Christianity in what is today Scotland at the start of the Hiberno-Scottish mission.
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Columbanus (Columbán, 543 – 21 November 615) was an Irish missionary notable for founding a number of monasteries on the European continent from around 590 in the Frankish and Lombard kingdoms, most notably Luxeuil Abbey in present-day France and Bobbio Abbey in present-day Italy.
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The Conmhaicne or Conmaicne were an ancient tribal grouping that were divided into a number of distinct branches that were found scattered around Ireland in the early medieval period.
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Connacht or Connaught (Connacht or Cúige Chonnacht) is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the west of the country.
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Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in Ireland.
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Cormac mac Airt (son of Art), also known as Cormac ua Cuinn (grandson of Conn) or Cormac Ulfada (long beard), was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland.
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Cornish people or Cornish (Kernowyon) are an ethnic group associated with Cornwall,: in the south west of Great Britain, administered as part of England, and a recognised national minority in the United Kingdom.
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Cornwall (or; Kernow) is a ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England within the United Kingdom.
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This article concerns the Norse-Gaelic Cotter family (Irish Mac Coitir or Mac Oitir) of Ireland, which is particularly associated with County Cork and ancient Cork city, and their connections.
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A country is a region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography.
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County Cork (Contae Chorcaí) is the largest and southernmost county in Ireland.
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County Kerry (Contae Chiarraí) is a county in Ireland.
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County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman) is a county in Ireland.
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The surname Cox is of English or Welsh origin, and may have originated independently in several places in Great Britain, with the variations arriving at a standard spelling only later.
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Cullen is a surname of Gaelic origin.
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Cultural assimilation is the process by which a person or a group's language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group.
The culture of Ireland includes customs and traditions, language, music, art, literature, folklore, cuisine and sports associated with Ireland and the Irish people.
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Cumbria (locally) is a non-metropolitan county in North West England.
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Current Biology is a scientific journal that covers all areas of biology, especially molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, neurobiology, ecology and evolutionary biology.
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David Patrick Moran (22 March 1869 – 31 January 1936), better known as simply D. P. Moran, was an Irish journalist, activist and cultural-political theorist, known as the principal advocate of a specifically Gaelic Catholic Irish nationalism during the early 20th century.
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Daniel O'Connell (Dónall Ó Conaill; 6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), often referred to as The Liberator or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century.
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Dáibhí Ó Bruadair (1625 – January 1698) was one of the most significant Irish language poets of the 17th century.
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Dál Riata (also Dalriada or Dalriata) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ulster in Ireland, across the North Channel.
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The Delbna or Delbhna was a tribe in Ireland.
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A diaspora (from Greek διασπορά, "scattering, dispersion") is a scattered population whose origin lies within a smaller geographic locale.
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Doctrine (from doctrina or possibly from Sanskrit: dukrn) is a codification of beliefs or a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the essence of teachings in a given branch of knowledge or belief system.
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Dogma is a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true.
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Douglas Hyde (Dubhghlas de hÍde; 17 January 1860 – 12 July 1949), known as An Craoibhín Aoibhinn (lit. "The Pleasant Little Branch"), was an Irish scholar of the Irish language who served as the first President of Ireland from 1938 to 1945.
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Douro Litoral is a historical province of Portugal.
Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh, also known as Dubhaltach Óg mac Giolla Íosa Mór mac Dubhaltach Mór Mac Fhirbhisigh, Duald Mac Firbis, Dudly Ferbisie, and Dualdus Firbissius (fl. 1643 – January 1671) was an Irish scribe, translator, historian and genealogist.
Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland.
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Dubsúilech Ó Maolconaire was a member of the Ó Maolconaire family of Connacht, who served as historians and poets to the Síol Muireadaigh and their rulers, the Ó Conchubhair Kings of Connacht.
Eastern Orthodox Christian theology is the theology particular to the Eastern Orthodox Church.
The Eóganachta or Eoghanachta were an Irish dynasty centred on Cashel which dominated southern Ireland from the 6/7th to the 10th centuries, and following that, in a restricted form, the Kingdom of Desmond, and its offshoot Carbery, to the late 16th century.
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Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
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Edelmiro Julián Farrell Plaul (February 12, 1887 – October 21, 1980) was an Argentine general.
Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson, PC, PC (Ire), KC (9 February 1854 – 22 October 1935), from 1900 to 1921 known as Sir Edward Carson, was an Irish unionist politician, barrister and judge.
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The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, with a negative elementary electric charge.
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Emigration is the act of leaving one's native country with the intent to settle elsewhere.
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An English Canadian or Anglo-Canadian refers to either a Canadian of English ethnic origin and heritage, or to an English-speaking, or Anglophone, Canadian of any ethnic origin; it is used primarily in contrast with French Canadian.
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The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") in the Kingdom of England over, principally, the manner of its government.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak the English language.
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Enya (born Eithne Ní Bhraonáin;, anglicised as Enya Brennan; 17 May 1961) is an Irish singer, instrumentalist, and songwriter.
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Eochaidh Ua Floinn was an Irish poet who held the post of Chief Ollam of Ireland.
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Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, CVO, OBE, FRGS (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
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An ethnic group or ethnicity is a socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural or national experience.
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The ethnic groups in Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various ethnic groups that reside in the nations of Europe.
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, each generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.
In the Roman Catholic church, a Eucharistic Congress is a gathering of clergy, religious, and laity to bear witness to the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, which is an important Roman Catholic doctrine.
Euhemerism is an approach to the interpretation of mythology in which mythological accounts are presumed to have originated from real historical events or personages.
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Euhemerus (Ευήμερος, "happy; prosperous", also transliterated Euemeros or Evemerus; pronounced Evimeros in Modern Greek; late 4th century BC), was a Greek mythographer at the court of Cassander, the king of Macedon.
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The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration between its member states.
The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
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In Irish mythology, Fódla or Fótla (modern spelling: Fódhla or Fóla), daughter of Ernmas of the Tuatha Dé Danann, was one of the tutelary goddesses of Ireland.
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The Fenian Cycle (an Fhiannaíocht), also referred to as the Ossianic Cycle after its narrator Oisín, is a body of prose and verse centring on the exploits of the mythical hero Fionn mac Cumhaill and his warriors the Fianna.
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Fianna (singular fian) were small, semi-independent warrior bands in Irish mythology and Scottish mythology.
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In medieval Irish Christian pseudo-history, the Fir Bolg (also spelt Firbolg and Fir Bholg) are one of the ethnic groups that inhabited ancient Ireland.
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Fir Ol nEchmacht was the name of a group or race of people living in pre-historic Ireland.
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The FitzGerald dynasty is a Hiberno-Norman or Cambro-Norman dynasty, and have been Peers of Ireland since at least the 14th century.
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The surname Fitzpatrick is the known translation of at least two different surnames: Mac Giolla Phádraig and Ó Maol Phádraig from the original Irish to English.
Fitzsimons (also spelled FitzSimons, Fitzsimmons or FitzSimmons) is an Irish surname of Norman origin.
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Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen, Flandre) today normally refers to the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium.
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Flann Mainistrech (died 25 November 1056) was an Irish poet and historian.
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The Flight of the Wild Geese was the departure of an Irish Jacobite army under the command of Patrick Sarsfield from Ireland to France, as agreed in the Treaty of Limerick on 3 October 1691, following the end of the Williamite War in Ireland.
Folk memory is a term sometimes used to describe stories, folklore or myths about past events that have passed orally from generation to generation.
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Rear Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort, KCB, FRS, FRGS, MRIA (27 May 1774 – 17 December 1857) was an Irish hydrographer and officer in Britain's Royal Navy.
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Francis John Byrne (born 1934) is an Irish historian.
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French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are a major North American ethnic group of Canadian citizens who trace their French ancestry from the descendants of colonists from France who arrived in New France (Canada) in the 17th and 18th centuries.
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Gaelic Ireland was the Gaelic political and social order that existed in Ireland from the prehistoric era until the early 17th century.
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The Gaels (Na Gaeil; Na Gàidheil), also known as Goidels, are an ethnolinguistic group indigenous to northwestern Europe.
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Galicia (or;; Galician and Portuguese: Galiza,, or) is an autonomous community in northwest Spain, with the official status of a historic nationality.
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The gallowglasses (also spelt galloglass, gallowglas or galloglas; from gall óglaigh meaning foreign warriors) were a class of elite mercenary warriors who were principally members of the Norse-Gaelic clans of Scotland between the mid 13th century and late 16th century.
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Galway (Gaillimh) is a city in the West of Ireland in the province of Connacht.
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Gascony (Gascogne; Gascon: Gasconha) is an area of southwest France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution.
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Genealogy (from γενεά, "generation"; and λόγος, "knowledge"), also known as family history, is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.
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George Best (22 May 1946 – 25 November 2005) was a Northern Irish professional footballer who played as a winger for Manchester United and the Northern Ireland national team.
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George Boole (2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864) was an English mathematician, philosopher and logician.
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George Francis FitzGerald (3 August 1851 – 22 February 1901) was an Irish professor of "natural and experimental philosophy" (i.e., physics) at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland, during the last quarter of the 19th century.
George Johnstone Stoney FRS (15 February 1826 – 5 July 1911) was an Anglo-Irish physicist.
George Washington (Contemporary records, which used the Julian calendar and the Annunciation Style of enumerating years, recorded his birth as February 11, 1731. The provisions of the British Calendar (New Style) Act 1750, implemented in 1752, altered the official British dating method to the Gregorian calendar with the start of the year on January 1 (it had been March 25). These changes resulted in dates being moved forward 11 days, and for those between January 1 and March 25, an advance of one year. For a further explanation, see: Old Style and New Style dates. –, 1799) was the first President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
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German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who are of German descent.
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Gilla Cóemáin mac Gilla Samthainde, Irish poet, fl.
Gilla Íosa Mor mac Donnchadh MacFhirbhisigh (fl. 1390 – 1418) was a historian, scribe and poet of the learned Clan MacFhirbhisigh based at Lackan in Tír Fhíacrach, now part of County Sligo.
The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha, cànanan Goidhealach, çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.
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In a family, a grandchild is a child's child: grandson is the child's son, a granddaughter is a child's daughter.
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Grandee of Spain, the noble honor of Grandes de España, are the highest ranking members of the Spanish nobility.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.
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The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Anatolia, Southern Italy, and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered around the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
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Guyenne or Guienne (Guiana) was an old French province which corresponded roughly to the Aquitania Secunda of the Romans and the archbishopric of Bordeaux.
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Haplogroup R1b, also known as haplogroup R-M343, is the most frequently occurring Y-chromosome haplogroup in Western Europe, as well as some parts of Russia (the Bashkir minority), Central Asia (e.g. Turkmenistan) and Central Africa (e.g. Chad and Cameroon).
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A haplotype is, in the simplest terms, a specific group of genes that a progeny inherits from one parent.
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Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.
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Hibernia is the Classical Latin name for the island of Ireland.
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Hiberno‐English or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the Republic of Ireland as well as Northern Ireland.
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The Hiberno-Normans are those Normans who settled in Ireland after the Norman conquest of Ireland in 1169 and who remained a distinct community until their eclipse in the early 17th century following the Tudor conquest of Ireland.
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The Hiberno-Scottish mission was a mission initiated by Gaelic monks from Ireland and the western coast of modern-day Scotland, which spread Christianity and established monasteries in Great Britain and continental Europe during the Middle Ages.
The High Kings of Ireland (Ard Rí na hÉireann) were sometimes historical and sometimes legendary figures who had, or who are claimed to have had, lordship over the whole of Ireland.
Hugh O'Neill (Irish: Aodh Mór Ó Néill; literally Hugh The Great O'Neill; c. 1550 – 20 July 1616), was an Irish Gaelic lord, Earl of Tyrone (known as the Great Earl) and was later created The Ó Néill.
A Huguenot is a member of a French Protestant denomination with origins in the 16th or 17th centuries.
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Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.
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The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe and is divided among four states: Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and France; as well as Gibraltar, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
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An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.
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Icelanders are a Germanic ethnic group and nation, native to Iceland.
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Indentured servitude was a labor system whereby young people paid for their passage to the New World by working for an employer for a certain number of years.
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Iona Abbey is located on the Isle of Iona, just off the Isle of Mull on the West Coast of Scotland.
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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.
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Irish Canadians (Gael-Cheanadaigh) are Canadian citizens of Irish descent, which include descendants who trace their ancestry to immigrants who originated in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
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The Irish diaspora (Diaspóra na nGael) refers to Irish people and their descendants who live outside Ireland.
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Although the epics of Celtic Ireland were written in prose and not verse, most people would probably consider that Irish fiction proper begins in the 18th century.
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The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was the state established in 1922 as a Dominion of the British Commonwealth of Nations under the Anglo-Irish Treaty signed by British and Irish representatives exactly twelve months beforehand.
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Irish (Gaeilge), sometimes referred to as Gaelic or Irish Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
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Irish literature comprises writings in the Irish, Latin, and English (including Ulster Scots) languages on the island of Ireland.
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Irish medical families were hereditary practitioners of professional medicine in Gaelic Ireland, between 1100 and 1700.
The Irish military diaspora refers to the many people of either Irish birth or extraction (see Irish diaspora) who have served in overseas military forces, regardless of rank, duration of service, or success.
Irish nationalism asserts that the Irish people are a nation.
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Irish people in France number 15,000 according to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development.
The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), otherwise known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency located in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
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The Iverni (Ἰούερνοι, Iouernoi) were a people of early:Ireland first mentioned in Ptolemy's 2nd century Geography as living in the extreme south-west of the island.
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Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, comprising the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles.
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James Hoban (– December 8, 1831) was an Irish architect, best known for designing the White House in Washington, D.C.
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James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century.
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James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death.
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Johannes Scotus Eriugena (c. 815 – c. 877) was an Irish theologian, neoplatonist philosopher, and poet.
John Barry (March 25, 1745 – September 13, 1803) was an officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War and later in the United States Navy.
Sir John Davies (16 April 1569 (baptised)8 December 1626) was an English poet, lawyer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1621.
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John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (JFK), (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
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John Patrick Riley (Seán Pádraic Ó Raghallaigh), also known as John Patrick O'Riley, (c. 1817 – August 1850?) was an Irish soldier in the British Army who emigrated to the United States and subsequently enlisted in the United States Army.
Jonathan Rhys Meyers (born Jonathan Michael Francis O'Keeffe; 27 July 1977) is an Irish actor.
Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish.
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Kelly is a surname in the English language.
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The Kingdom of Alba refers to the Kingdom of Scotland between the deaths of Donald II (Domnall mac Causantin) in 900, and of Alexander III in 1286 which then led indirectly to the Scottish Wars of Independence.
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Norwegian Vikings invaded the territory around Dublin in the 9th century, establishing the Norse Kingdom of Dublin, the earliest and longest-lasting Norse kingdom in the British Isles, excepting the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles.
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The Kingdom of England was a state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
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In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of most humans in most societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated.
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Lanfranc (Lanfrancus; 1005 1010 at Pavia — 24 May 1089 at Canterbury) was a celebrated Italian jurist who renounced his career to become a Benedictine monk at Bec in Normandy.
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The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history generally comprising the 14th and 15th centuries (c. 1301–1500).
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Laurence Sterne (24 November 1713 – 18 March 1768) was an Anglo-Irish novelist and an Anglican clergyman.
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Laxdæla saga; also Laxdœla saga, Laxdoela saga, Laxdaela saga, or The Saga of the People of Laxárdalr) is one of the Icelanders' sagas. Written in the 13th century, it tells of people in the Breiðafjörður area of Iceland from the late 9th century to the early 11th century. The saga particularly focuses on a love triangle between Guðrún Ósvífrsdóttir, Kjartan Ólafsson and Bolli Þorleiksson. Kjartan and Bolli grow up together as close friends but the love they both have for Guðrún causes enmity between them and, in the end, their deaths. Second only to Njáls saga in the number of medieval manuscripts preserved, Laxdæla saga remains popular and appreciated for its poetic beauty and pathetic sentiment.
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Leabhar na nGenealach is a massive genealogical collection written mainly in the years 1649 to 1650, at the college-house of St. Nicholas's church, Galway, by Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh.
The region of León or Leonese region (región de León and rexón de Llión) is a historic territory defined by the 1833 Spanish administrative organisation.
Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) is a collection of poems and prose narratives that purports to be a history of Ireland and the Irish from the creation of the world to the Middle Ages.
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Leinster (— Laighin / Cúige Laighean —) is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the east of Ireland.
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Liam John Neeson, OBE (born 7 June 1952) is an Irish-American actor.
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Limerick (or; Luimneach) is a city in county Limerick, Ireland.
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This is a list of Americans of Irish descent, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American-born descendants.
An expatriate Irish population in any country other than Ireland or Northern Ireland is generally considered to be Irish emigrants and their descendants, at least to the extent that the people involved are aware of their Irish heritage and willing to acknowledge it.
This page aims to list articles related to the island of Ireland.
This is a list of notable Irish people who were born on the island of Ireland, in either the Republic of Ireland or Northern Ireland, and have lived there for most of their lives.
The following is a list of people considered to be "father" or "mother" (or "founding father" or "founding mother") of a scientific field.
O'Brien is a surname of Irish origin which has many variants in the Irish diaspora worldwide, such as O'Bryan, O'Brian, O'Briant, O'Brient, O'Bryant, O'Brine, O'Bryen etc., which all claim a general common ancestry with the original Gaelic surname being Ó Briain or Uí Briain.
Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.
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Liverpool University Press, founded in 1899, is the third oldest university press in England after Oxford University Press and Cambridge University Press.
Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protector) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for heads of state.
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The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union or TEU) undertaken to integrate Europe was signed on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht, Netherlands.
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Mac Aodhagáin was the name of an Irish family of Brehons who were hereditary lawyers - firstly to the Ó Conchobhair Kings of Connacht, and later to the Burkes of Clanricarde.
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MacFirbis (Mac Fhirbhisigh), also known as Forbes, was the surname of a family of Irish hereditary historians based for much of their known history at Lecan, Tireragh (now Lackan, Kilglass parish, County Sligo).
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Mac Giolla Phádraig (pronunciation) (alternately Mac Gilla Pátraic) is a native Irish dynastic surname which translates into English as "Son of the Devotee of (St.) Patrick".
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MacCarthy (Irish: Mac Cárthaigh), also spelled McCarthy, is a Gaelic Irish clan originating from Munster, an area they ruled during the Middle Ages.
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Madrid is a south-western European city and the capital and largest municipality of Spain.
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The Mairtine (Martini, Marthene, Muirtine, Maidirdine, Mhairtine) were an important people of late prehistoric Munster, Ireland, who by early historical times appear to have completely vanished from the Irish political landscape.
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The Manx (Ny Manninee) are an ethnic group originating from the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea in northern Europe.
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Mario Testino OBE (born on October 30, 1954) is one of the most influential fashion and portrait photographers of our time.
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The Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a military distinction, rather than a military rank, in contemporary France, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
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Mary Harney (born 11 March 1953) is an Irish former politician.
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Mary Patricia McAleese (née Leneghan; Máire Pádraigín Mhic Giolla Íosa; born 27 June 1951) served as the eighth President of Ireland from 1997 to 2011.
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Mary Therese Winifred Robinson (née Bourke; Máire Bean Mhic Róibín; born 21 May 1944 in Ballina, County Mayo) served as the seventh, and first female, President of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, from 1997 to 2002.
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Maureen O'Hara (born 17 August 1920) is an Irish-American film actress and singer.
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In Irish origin legends, Míl Espáine or Míl Espáne (later pseudo-Latinised as Milesius; also Miled/Miledh) is the mythical ancestor of the final inhabitants of Ireland, the "sons of Míl" or Milesians, who represent the vast majority of the Irish Gaels.
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McDermott is an Irish surname from County Roscommon and is mostly found in the West of Ireland.
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MacDonnell, Macdonnell, or McDonnell is a surname of Scottish and Irish origin.
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McMahon or MacMahon (older Irish orthography: Mac Mathghamha reformed Irish orthography: Mac Mathúna) is an Irish surname.
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Medieval philosophy is the philosophy in the era now known as medieval or the Middle Ages, the period roughly extending from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century C.E. to the Renaissance in the 16th century.
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A mercenary is a person who takes part in an armed conflict who is not a national or a party to the conflict and is "motivated to take part in the hostilities by the desire for private gain".
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In archaeology, mesolithic (Greek: mesos "middle", lithos "stone") is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic.
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The Methodist Church in Ireland (Ulster-Scots: Methody Kirk in Airlann) is a Wesleyan Methodist church that operates across both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on an all-Ireland basis.
The Mexican Army (Ejército Mexicano) is the combined land and air branch and largest of the Mexican Armed Forces; it is also known as the National Defense Army.
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The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States and the Centralist Republic of Mexico (which became the Second Federal Republic of Mexico during the war) from 1846 to 1848.
Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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Mexico City (Ciudad de México, officially known as México, D. F., or simply D. F.) is the federal district (distrito federal), capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the union.
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Michael James Collins (date 16 October 1890 – 22 August 1922) was an Irish revolutionary leader, politician, Minister for Finance, Director of Information, and Teachta Dála (TD) for Cork South in the First Dáil of 1919, Adjutant General, Director of Intelligence, and Director of Organisation and Arms Procurement for the IRA, President of the Irish Republican Brotherhood from November 1920 until his death, and member of the Irish delegation during the Anglo-Irish Treaty negotiations.
In the Lebor Gabála Érenn, a medieval Christian pseudo-history of Ireland, the Milesians are the Gaels who came from Iberia and settled in Ireland.
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The military and political career of Simón Bolívar, (July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830), which included both formal service in the armies of various revolutionary regimes and actions organized by himself or in collaboration with other exiled patriot leaders during the years from 1811 to 1830, was an important element in the success of the independence wars in South America.
Minho is a former province of Portugal, established in 1936 and dissolved in 1976.
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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
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Montserrat is a Caribbean island—specifically in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the British West Indies.
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"More Irish than the Irish themselves" (Níos Gaelaí ná na Gaeil féin, Hiberniores Hibernis ipsis) is a phrase used in Irish historiography to describe a phenomenon of cultural assimilation in late medieval Norman Ireland.
Munster (an Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan,.
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Mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition of a group of people–their collection of stories they tell to explain nature, history, and customs–or the study of such myths.
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The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire led by Emperor Napoleon I against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions.
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Nation (from Latin: natio, "people, tribe, kin, genus, class, flock") is a social concept with no uncontroversial definition, but which is most commonly used to designate larger groups or collectives of people with common characteristics attributed to them - including language, traditions, customs (mores), habits (habitus), and ethnicity.
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National Museum Cardiff (Amgueddfa Genedlaethol Caerdydd) is a museum and art gallery in Cardiff, Wales.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
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Ne Temere (literally meaning "not rashly" in Latin) was a decree (named for its opening words) issued in 1907 of the Roman Catholic Congregation of the Council regulating the canon law of the Church about marriage for practising Roman Catholics.
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Neil (Neal) is a masculine given name of Gaelic origin.
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The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, from νέος (néos, "new") and λίθος (líthos, "stone"), or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world from First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural Societies by Peter Bellwood, 2004 and ending between 4,500 and 2,000 BC.
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Newgrange (Sí an Bhrú) is a prehistoric monument in County Meath, Ireland, located about one kilometre north of the River Boyne.
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Niall Noígíallach (Old Irish "having nine hostages"), or in English, Niall of the Nine Hostages, was a prehistoric Irish king, the ancestor of the Uí Néill family that dominated Ireland from the 6th to the 10th century.
Njáll Þorgeirsson (Njáll son of Þorgeir, the name Njáll is a Norse derivative of the Irish name Niall.) was a 10th-century Icelandic lawyer who lived at Bergþórshvoll and is one of the main protagonists of Njáls saga, a medieval Icelandic saga.
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Njáls saga (also Njála, Brennu-Njáls saga or "The Story of Burnt Njáll") is a 13th century Icelandic saga that describes events between 960 and 1020.
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The Norman (or Anglo-Norman) invasion of Ireland took place in stages during the late 12th century.
Normandy (Normandie, pronounced, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is a geographical region of France corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy.
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The Normans (Normands; Nortmanni) were the people who in the 10th and 11th centuries gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
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Norse mythology is the body of mythology of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.
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The Norse–Gaels (Gall-Ghaedheil or Gall-Ghaeil, Gall-Ghàidheil) were a people who dominated much of the Irish Sea region, including the Isle of Man, western Scotland and eastern Ireland for a part of the Middle Ages; they were of Gaelic and North Germanic origin and as a whole exhibited a great deal of Gaelic and Norse cultural syncretism.
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Norte (Região Norte,; "North Region") is a region in the northern part of Portugal.
Northern Europe is the northern part or region of Europe.
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Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann.; or Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
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O'Banion is a surname.
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O'Connell is a last name of Irish origin.
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O'Connor is a surname of Irish origin, originally meaning Ó Conchobhair ("grandson/descendant of Conchobar").
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The O'Donnell dynasty (Ó Dónaill or Ó Domhnaill; derived from the Irish name Domhnall, which means "ruler of the world", Dónall in modern Irish) were an ancient and powerful Irish family, kings, princes and lords of Tyrconnell (Tír Chonaill in Irish, now County Donegal) in early times, and the chief allies and sometimes rivals of the O'Neills in Ulster.
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O'Mahony (Old Irish: Ó Mathghamhna; Modern Irish: Ó Mathúna) also spelled O'Mahoney, or simply Mahony and Mahoney, without the prefix, is an Irish Gaelic sept, and may refer to: The O'Mahonys were Cenél nÁeda princes of the ancient Eóganacht Raithlind.
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O'Malley is a surname of Irish origin (Anglicisation of "Ó Máille"), and may refer to.
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The surname O'Neill is of Irish Gaelic origin, spelling variations include O'Neal, O'Neil, Ó Neill, Ó Néill, Ua Néill, Uí Néill and Neill.
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O'Shea is a surname (an anglicized form of the Irish patronymic name Ó Séaghdha or Ó Sé), originating in the Kingdom of Corcu Duibne in County Kerry, and could refer to.
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O'Sullivan (Ó Súilleabháin), also known as simply Sullivan, is an Irish Gaelic clan based most prominently in what is today County Cork and County Kerry.
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*O'Toole family, a leading family in Gaelic Leinster.
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In Germanic mythology, Odin (from Old Norse Óðinn) is a widely attested god.
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Old Welsh (Hen Gymraeg) is the label attached to the Welsh language from about 800 AD until the early 12th century when it developed into Middle Welsh.
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Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
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Oliver Goldsmith (10 November 1728 – 4 April 1774) was an Anglo-Irish novelist, playwright and poet, who is best known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), his pastoral poem The Deserted Village (1770), and his plays The Good-Natur'd Man (1768) and She Stoops to Conquer (1771, first performed in 1773).
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Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish author, playwright and poet.
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Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.
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The Outer Hebrides, also known as the Western Isles (Scottish Gaelic: Na h-Eileanan Siar), Innse Gall ("islands of the strangers") or the Long Island, is an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
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The Paleolithic (American spelling; British spelling: Palaeolithic; pronunciation: or) Age, Era or Period is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered (Grahame Clark's Modes I and II), and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory.
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A patron saint or a patron hallow is a saint who in Roman Catholicism is regarded as the tutelary spirit or heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
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Peadar Ó Doirnín (c. 1700-69) was a Gaelic-Irish poet.
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In Ireland, Penal Laws (Na Péindlíthe) are a series of laws imposed in an attempt to force Irish Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters (such as Presbyterians) to accept the reformed denomination as defined by the English state established Anglican Church and practised by members of the Irish state established Church of Ireland.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
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Peru (Perú; Piruw; Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
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Peter Abelard (Petrus Abaelardus or Abailardus; Pierre Abélard,; 1079 – 21 April 1142) was a medieval French scholastic philosopher, theologian and preeminent logician.
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A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, phenology, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).
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The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.
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Pierce Brendan Brosnan (born 16 May 1953) is an Irish/American actor, film producer and environmentalist who after leaving comprehensive school at age 16, began training in commercial illustration.
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Pilip Ballach Ó Duibhgeannáin (''fl.'' 1579–1590) was an Irish historian.
The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of King James I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England.
Plantations in 16th and 17th century Ireland were the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from England (particularly the Border Counties) and the Scottish Lowlands.
Poitou was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.
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Politics (from πολιτικός politikos, definition "of, for, or relating to citizens") is the practice and theory of influencing other people.
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Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II), born Karol Józef Wojtyła (18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005), served as Pope from 1978 to 2005.
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Pope John Paul II's visit to Ireland from 29 September to 1 October 1979 was the first visit by a pope to Ireland.
A population bottleneck (or genetic bottleneck) is a sharp reduction in the size of a population due to environmental events (such as earthquakes, floods, fires, disease, or droughts) or human activities (such as genocide).
The prehistory of Ireland has been pieced together from archaeological and genetic evidence; it begins with the first evidence of humans, Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, settling in Ireland after 8000 BC and finishes with the start of the historical record, around 400 AD.
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The Presbyterian Church in Ireland (PCI) (Eaglais Phreispitéireach in Éirinn, Ulster-Scots: Prisbytairin Kirk in Airlann) is the largest Presbyterian denomination in Ireland, and the largest Protestant denomination in Northern Ireland.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française), is the executive head of state of the French Fifth Republic.
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The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
The President of the Government of Spain The English Style Guide (Fifth edition: 2005 Revised: March 2009) published by the European Commission Directorate-General for Translation states the following: 19.29 Spain.
Protestantism is a minority Christian denominational family on the island of Ireland.
Ireland has historically been divided into four provinces: Connacht, Leinster, Munster and Ulster.
Rear admiral (RAdm) is a flag officer rank of the British Royal Navy.
In the history of England and Wales, recusancy was the state of those who refused to attend Anglican services; these individuals were known as recusants.
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The island of Ireland is divided into two jurisdictions: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
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Reynolds is a surname in the English language.
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Robert Boyle FRS was an Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist and inventor born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland.
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Sir Robert John Le Mesurier McClure (or M'Clure) (28 January 1807 – 17 October 1873) was an Irish explorer of the Arctic.
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The Roman Catholic Church in Germany, part of the worldwide Catholic Church, is under the leadership of the Pope, assisted by the Roman Curia, and of the German bishops.
The Roman Catholic Church in Ireland is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church.
Roman Catholicism in Scotland (An Eaglais Chaitligeach), overseen by the Scottish Bishops' Conference, is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic church, the Christian church headed by the Pope.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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Eiríks saga rauða or the Saga of Erik the Red is a saga on the Norse exploration of North-America.
Saint Kilian, also spelled Killian (or alternatively Cillian), was an Irish missionary bishop and the Apostle of Franconia (nowadays the northern part of Bavaria), where he began his labours towards the end of the 7th century.
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The Saint Patrick's Battalion (Batallón de San Patricio), formed and led by John Riley, was a unit of 175 to several hundred immigrants (accounts vary) and expatriates of European descent who fought as part of the Mexican Army against the United States in the Mexican–American War of 1846–8.
Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Lá Fhéile Pádraig, "the Day of the Festival of Patrick"), is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (AD 385–461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland.
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Saintonge, historically spelled Xaintonge and Xainctonge, is a former province of France located on the west central Atlantic coast.
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Salzburg (Såizburg; literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city has three universities and a large population of students. Tourists also frequent the city to tour the city's historic center, many palaces, and the scenic Alpine surroundings. Salzburg was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for the musical play and film The Sound of Music.
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Samuel Eliot Morison, Rear Admiral, United States Naval Reserve (July 9, 1887 – May 15, 1976) was an American historian noted for his works of maritime history that were both authoritative and highly readable.
Saoirse Úna Ronan (born 12 April 1994) is an Irish actress.
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Séamas Dall Mac Cuarta (c. 1647? – 1733) was an Irish poet, and a central figure in the seventeenth and eighteenth century Airgíalla school of poets and songwriters in the Irish language.
Scandinavia is a historical and cultural-linguistic region in Northern Europe characterized by a common ethno-cultural North Germanic heritage and related languages.
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Scholasticism is a method of critical thought which dominated teaching by the academics ("scholastics," or "schoolmen") of medieval universities in Europe from about 1100 to 1700, and a program of employing that method in articulating and defending dogma in an increasingly pluralistic context.
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Scoti or Scotti was a name used by Late Roman authors to describe the Gaels.
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Scotland (Scots:; Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
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Scottish Canadians are people of Scottish descent or heritage living in Canada.
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Scottish Highlander may refer to.
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The Lowlands (the Lallans or the Lawlands; a' Ghalldachd, "the place of the foreigner") are a cultural and historic region of Scotland.
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Seán "Clárach" Mac Domhnaill (1691–1754) was an Irish language poet in the first half of the 18th century.
Seán Mór Ó Dubhagáin (died 1372) was an Irish Gaelic poet.
A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established permanent residence there, often to colonize the area.
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Seumas MacManus (1869–1960) was an Irish author, dramatist, and poet known for his ability to reinterpret Irish folktales for modern audiences.
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Shelta is a language spoken by Irish Travellers, particularly in Ireland, but also parts of Great Britain.
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Slavery is a legal or economic system in which principles of property law can apply to humans so that people can be treated as property, and can be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement.
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Snorri Sturluson (1179 – 23 September 1241) was an Icelandic historian, poet, and politician.
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The Soghain were a people of ancient Ireland.
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Various gods and men appear as Sons of Odin or Sons of Wodan/Wotan or Sons of Woden in old Old Norse and Old High German and Old English texts.
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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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The Spanish Armada (Grande y Felicísima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
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The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) combines an online encyclopedia of philosophy with peer reviewed publication of original papers in philosophy, freely-accessible to internet users.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University) is a private research university in Stanford, California, and one of the world's most prestigious institutions, with the top position in numerous rankings and measures in the United States.
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Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada), which was formed in 1971, is the Canadian federal government agency commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.
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Stephen Oppenheimer (born 1947) is a British paediatrician, geneticist, and writer.
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In genetics, a subclade is a subgroup of a haplogroup.
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Thomas Francis O'Rahilly (Tomás Proinsias Ó Rathaile; 1883–1953) was an Irish scholar of the Celtic languages, particularly in the fields of Historical linguistics and Irish dialects.
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Tandem Verlag GmbH is a publishing company in Germany, and is one of the country's leading wholesalers and distributors of print and electronic media products.
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Tanistry was a Gaelic system for passing on titles and lands.
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The Tánaiste is the deputy prime minister of Ireland and the second-most senior officer in the Government of Ireland.
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The Ireland Funds are a global fundraising network for people of Irish ancestry and friends of Ireland, dedicated to raising funds to support programs of peace and reconciliation, arts and culture, education and community development throughout the island of Ireland.
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The Pale (An Pháil in Irish) or the English Pale (An Pháil Shasanach or An Ghalltacht), was the part of Ireland that was directly under the control of the English government in the late Middle Ages.
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The Royal British Legion (RBL), sometimes referred to as the The British Legion or The Legion, is a British charity providing financial, social and emotional support to members and veterans of the British Armed Forces, their families and dependants.
The Sceptical Chymist: or Chymico-Physical Doubts & Paradoxes is the title of a book by Robert Boyle, published in London in 1661.
Thomas Osborne Davis (14 October 1814 – 16 September 1845) was an Irish writer who was the chief organiser of the Young Ireland movement.
Time (styled within the magazine as TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.
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Thomas "Tom" Crean (Tomás Ó Croidheáin; 25 February 1877 – 27 July 1938), was an Irish seaman and Antarctic explorer from Annascaul in County Kerry.
The Touraine is one of the traditional provinces of France.
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Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro is a historical province of Portugal located in the northeastern corner of the country.
The Tudor conquest (or reconquest) of Ireland took place under the Tudor dynasty, which held the Kingdom of England during the 16th century.
The Twelve Apostles of Ireland (also known as Twelve Apostles of Erin, Irish: Dhá Aspal Déag na hÉireann) were twelve early Irish monastic saints of the sixth century who studied under St Finian at his famous monastic school Clonard Abbey at Cluain-Eraird (Eraird's Meadow), now Clonard in County Meath.
The Ulaid (Old Irish) or Ulaidh (modern Irish) were a people and dynastic group of early Ireland who gave their name to the province of Ulster.
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Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
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Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots (Ulstèr-Scotch) generally refers to the dialects of Scots spoken in parts of Ulster in Ireland.
The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots: Ulstèr-Scotch; Albanaigh Uladh or Uladh-Albanaigh) are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in the Ulster region and to a lesser extent in the rest of Ireland.
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In Ireland, unionism is an ideology which favours the continuation of some form of political union between Ireland and Great Britain.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.
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The Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
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University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork (UCC) (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh) is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland.
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.
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Vergilius of Salzburg (also Virgilius, Feirgil or Fergal) (born c. 700 in Ireland; died 27 November 784 in Salzburg) was an Irish churchman, an early astronomer, bishop of Ossory and later, bishop of Salzburg.
Vikings (Norwegian and Vikinger; Swedish and Vikingar; Víkingar), from Old Norse víkingr, were Germanic Norse seafarers, speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe, as well as European Russia, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
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In his 1492 transatlantic maritime expedition, Christopher Columbus became the first Christian European to make landfall in the Americas.
William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature.
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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.
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The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48) involved most of the powers of Europe over the question of Maria Theresa's succession to the realms of the House of Habsburg.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a major European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death in 1700 of the last Habsburg King of Spain, the infirm and childless Charles II.
Washington State University (WSU) is a public research university based in Pullman, Washington, in the Palouse region of the northwest United States.
WaterfordDiscover Waterford, by Eamon McEneaney (2001).
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Würzburg (Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, Northern Bavaria, Germany.
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Wecta (Old English: Wægdæg, Old Norse: Vegdagr) is mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the Historia Brittonum.
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The Welsh people (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales and the Welsh language.
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The West Region is a NUTS Level III region of Ireland.
Wexford (from Veisafjǫrðr, Yola: Weisèforthè, Irish: Loch Garman) is the county town of County Wexford, Ireland.
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The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800.
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Wihtlæg, Whitlæg, Wighlek, Wiglecus, Wiglek, Witlac or Viglek is a legendary king of either Denmark or Angeln in Germanic legends.
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Admiral William Brown (also known in Spanish as Guillermo Brown) (22 June 1777 – 3 March 1857) was an Irish-born Argentine Admiral.
William III (Willem III; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702) was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672, and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 until his death.
Theobald Wolfe Tone, posthumously known as Wolfe Tone (20 June 1763 – 19 November 1798), was a leading Irish revolutionary figure and one of the founding members of the United Irishmen and is regarded as the father of Irish republicanism.
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The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, including humans, and many other animals.
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Yu Ming Is Ainm Dom (My Name Is Yu Ming) is a 2003 Irish short film.
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ZENIT is a non-profit news agency that reports on the Catholic Church and issues important to it from the perspective of Church doctrine.
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Black Irish, Black Scot, Dark Irish, Famous Irish people, Genetic history of Ireland, Irish (people), Irish People, Irish ancestry, Irish descent, Irish ethnicity, Irish folks, Irish genetics, Irishman, Irishmen, Irishwoman, List of Ireland people, List of Irish Scientists, Engineers and Inventors, List of famous Irish people, Muintir na hÉireann, na hÉireannaigh, na Gaeil, Native Irish, People of Ireland, People of Southern Ireland, People of the Republic of Ireland.