97 relations: Acre, Israel, Adolf Eichmann, Akiva ben Joseph, Akkadian language, Allies of World War II, Arab Legion, Ashkenazi Jews, Auschwitz concentration camp, Babylonian captivity, Bauhaus, Bern, Book of Numbers, Buenos Aires, Bzenec, Catherine I of Russia, Cheshvan, Circa, Cologne, Common Era, Crusades, Czechoslovakia, Dachau concentration camp, David Ben-Gurion, Erich Mendelsohn, Ettingen, Fez, First Crusade, Frankfurt, Gregorian calendar, Hadassah Medical Center, Hebrew Bible, Hebrew calendar, Heidelberg, History of the Jews in Speyer, Holy Land, Hungary, Hungary in World War II, Hurva Synagogue, Inquisition, Isaac Alfasi, Islam, Israel Defense Forces, Israeli Declaration of Independence, Israelites, Jerusalem, Jerusalem Day, Joseph Goebbels, Karl Hermann Frank, Kaunas, Lag BaOmer, ..., Lithuania, Maimonides, Mainz, Meir of Rothenburg, Moses Isserles, Moshe Chaim Luzzatto, Mount Scopus, Mount Sinai, Nazism, Nebuchadnezzar II, Neuchâtel, Nisan, Nuremberg Laws, Pankrác, Pesach Sheni, Pogrom, Prime Minister of Israel, Purim, Rabbi Meir, Rostov-on-Don, Saadia Gaon, Samuel, Shabbat, Simeon bar Yochai, Sivan, Six-Day War, Switzerland, Synagogue, Syrian Armed Forces, Temple in Jerusalem, Tiberian vocalization, Tishrei, Toledo, Spain, Tomb of Samuel, Troyes, Ukraine, Vatican City, Venice, Vilna Gaon, World War II, Worms, Germany, Yechezkel Landau, Yom Ha'atzmaut, Yom Hazikaron, Ziv, 1948 Arab–Israeli War, 45th Infantry Division (United States). Expand index (47 more) » « Shrink index
Acre (or, עַכּוֹ, ʻAkko, most commonly spelled as Akko; عكّا, ʻAkkā) is a city in the northern coastal plain region of northern Israel at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay.
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Otto Adolf Eichmann (19 March 1906 – 1 June 1962) was a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and one of the major organisers of the Holocaust.
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Akiva ben Joseph (עקיבא בן יוסף; c. 40 – c. 137 CE), widely known as Rabbi Akiva (רבי עקיבא), was a tanna of the latter part of the 1st century and the beginning of the 2nd century (3rd tannaitic generation).
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Akkadian (akkadû, ak.kADû) is an extinct east Semitic language (part of the greater Afroasiatic language family) that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia.
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The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
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The Arab Legion was the regular army of Transjordan and then Jordan in the early part of the 20th century.
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Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also, lit. "The Jews of Germany"), are a Jewish ethnic division who coalesced as a distinct community of Jews in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the 1st millennium.
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Auschwitz concentration camp (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, also KZ Auschwitz) was a network of German Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Judahites of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.
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, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was an art school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicised and taught.
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The city of Bern or Berne (Bern,; Berne; Berna; Berna; Bernese German: Bärn) is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) Bundesstadt, or "federal city".
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The Book of Numbers (from Greek Ἀριθμοί, Arithmoi; במדבר, Bəmidbar, "In the desert ") is the fourth book of the Hebrew Bible, and the fourth of five books of the Jewish Torah.
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Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America.
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Bzenec (Bisenz) is a town in the southeast of Moravia, in the Czech Republic.
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Catherine I (jɪkətʲɪˈrʲinə ˈpʲɛrvəjə ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvnə, born,, later Marfa Samuilovna Skavronskaya; –), the second wife of Peter I of Russia, reigned as Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death.
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Marcheshvan (Hebrew: מַרְחֶשְׁוָן, Standard Tiberian; from Akkadian waraḫsamnu, literally "eighth month"), sometimes shortened to Cheshvan (Hebrew: חֶשְׁוָן, Standard Tiberian), is the second month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the eighth month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) on the Hebrew calendar.
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Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca or ca. (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages including English, usually in reference to a date.
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Cologne (German Köln, Kölle), Germany's fourth-largest city (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich), is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants.
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Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).
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The Crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.
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Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko, in both of those languages) was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
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Dachau concentration camp (Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau) was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners.
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David Ben-Gurion (דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן;, born David Grün; 16 October 1886, Płońsk – 1 December 1973, Tel Aviv, Israel) was the primary founder of the State of Israel and the first Prime Minister of Israel.
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Erich Mendelsohn (21 March 1887 – 15 September 1953) was a Jewish German architect, known for his expressionist architecture in the 1920s, as well as for developing a dynamic functionalism in his projects for department stores and cinemas.
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Ettingen (Swiss German: Ettige) is a municipality in the district of Arlesheim in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland.
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The fez (fes, plural fezzes or fezes), as well as its equivalent, the tarboosh (طربوش /, ALA-LC: ṭarbūsh), is a felt hat of two types: either in the shape of a truncated cone made of red felt, or a short cylinder made of kilim fabric, both usually with a tassel attached to the top.
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The First Crusade (1096–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to capture the Holy Lands, called by Pope Urban II in 1095.
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Frankfurt am Main is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a 2014 population of 717,624 within its administrative boundaries.
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The Gregorian calendar, also called the Western calendar and the Christian calendar, is internationally the most widely used civil calendar.
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Hadassah Medical Center (מרכז רפואי הדסה) is a medical organization that operates two university hospitals at Ein Kerem and Mount Scopus in Jerusalem, Israel, as well as schools of medicine, dentistry, nursing, and pharmacology affiliated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
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Hebrew Bible or Hebrew Scriptures (Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (תנ"ך), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of the several canonical editions of the Christian Old Testament.
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The Hebrew or Jewish calendar (ha'luach ha'ivri) is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances.
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Heidelberg is a city situated on the River Neckar in south-west Germany.
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The history of the Jews in Speyer reaches back over 1,000 years.
The Holy Land (Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקוֹדֵשׁ, Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة), is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea but also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River.
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Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
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During World War II, Hungary was a member of the Axis powers.
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The Hurva Synagogue, (בית הכנסת החורבה, translit: Beit ha-Knesset ha-Hurba, lit. "The Ruin Synagogue"), also known as Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid ("Ruin of Rabbi Judah the Pious"), is a historic synagogue located in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem.
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The Inquisition is a group of institutions within the judicial system of the Roman Catholic Church whose aim was to combat heresy.
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Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi ha-Cohen (1013 - 1103) (Hebrew: ר' יצחק אלפסי, Arabic: إسحاق الفاسي) - also known as the Alfasi or by his Hebrew acronym Rif (Rabbi Isaac al-Fasi), was a Moroccan Talmudist and posek (decider in matters of halakha - Jewish law).
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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel", commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, and navy. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel; Lieutenant general (Rav Aluf) Gadi Eizenkot has served as Chief of Staff since 2015. An order from Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion on 26 May 1948 officially set up the Israel Defense Forces as a conscript army formed out of the paramilitary group Haganah, incorporating the militant groups Irgun and Lehi. The IDF served as Israel's armed forces in all the country's major military operations—including the 1948 War of Independence, 1951–1956 Retribution operations, 1956 Sinai War, 1964–1967 War over Water, 1967 Six-Day War, 1967–1970 War of Attrition, 1968 Battle of Karameh, 1973 Operation Spring of Youth, 1973 Yom Kippur War, 1976 Operation Entebbe, 1978 Operation Litani, 1982 Lebanon War, 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict, 1987–1993 First Intifada, 2000–2005 Second Intifada, 2002 Operation Defensive Shield, 2006 Lebanon War, 2008–2009 Operation Cast Lead, 2012 Operation Pillar of Defense, and 2014 Operation Protective Edge. The number of wars and border conflicts in which the IDF has been involved in its short history makes it one of the most battle-trained armed forces in the world. While originally the IDF operated on three fronts—against Lebanon and Syria in the north, Jordan and Iraq in the east, and Egypt in the south—after the 1979 Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty, it has concentrated its activities in southern Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, including the First and the Second Intifada. The Israel Defense Forces differs from most armed forces in the world in many ways. Differences include the mandatory conscription of women and its structure, which emphasizes close relations between the army, navy, and air force. Since its founding, the IDF has been specifically designed to match Israel's unique security situation. The IDF is one of Israeli society's most prominent institutions, influencing the country's economy, culture and political scene. In 1965, the Israel Defense Forces was awarded the Israel Prize for its contribution to education. The IDF uses several technologies developed in Israel, many of them made specifically to match the IDF's needs, such as the Merkava main battle tank, Achzarit armoured personnel carrier, high tech weapons systems, the Iron Dome missile defense system, Trophy active protection system for vehicles, and the Galil and Tavor assault rifles. The Uzi submachine gun was invented in Israel and used by the IDF until December 2003, ending a service that began in 1954. Following 1967, the IDF has close military relations with the United States, including development cooperation, such as on the F-15I jet, THEL laser defense system, and the Arrow missile defense system.
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The Israeli Declaration of Independence (הכרזת העצמאות, Hakhrazat HaAtzma'ut or מגילת העצמאות Megilat HaAtzma'ut), formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708) by David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist OrganizationThen known as the Zionist Organization.
The Israelites were a Semitic people of the Ancient Near East, who inhabited part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods (15th to 6th centuries BCE), and lived in the region in smaller numbers after the fall of the monarchy.
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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.
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Jerusalem Day (יום ירושלים, Yom Yerushalayim) is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalem and the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City in the aftermath of the June 1967 Six-Day War.
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Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.
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Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in Czechoslovakia prior to and during World War II and an SS-Obergruppenführer.
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Kaunas (also see Kaunas' other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and has historically been a leading centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.
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Lag BaOmer (ל״ג בעומר), also Lag B'Omer, is a Jewish holiday celebrated on the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer, which occurs on the 18th day of the Hebrew month of Iyar.
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Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in Northern Europe.
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Moshe ben Maimon (משה בן-מימון), or Mūsā ibn Maymūn (موسى بن ميمون), acronymed Rambam (רמב"ם – for "Rabbeinu Moshe Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi/Teacher Moses Son of Maimon"), and Latinized Moses Maimonides, a preeminent medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher and astronomer, became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages.
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Mainz (Mogontiacum) (Mayence), formerly known in English as Mentz, is the capital of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
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Meir of Rothenburg (c. 1220-1293) was a German Rabbi and poet, a major author of the tosafot on Rashi's commentary on the Talmud.
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Moses Isserles (משה בן ישראל איסרלישׂ, Mojżesz ben Israel Isserles) (February 22, 1530 / Adar I 25, 5290 - May 11, 1572 / Iyar 18, 5332), was an eminent Polish Ashkenazic rabbi, talmudist, and posek.
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Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (Hebrew: משה חיים לוצאטו, also Moses Chaim, Moses Hayyim, also Luzzato) (1707 in Padua – 16 May 1746 in Acre (26 Iyar 5506)), also known by the Hebrew acronym RaMCHaL (or RaMHaL, רמח"ל), was a prominent Italian Jewish rabbi, kabbalist, and philosopher.
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Mount Scopus (Hebrew הַר הַצּוֹפִים Har HaTsofim, "Mount of the Watchmen/Sentinels"; جبل المشارف, lit. "Mount Lookout", or جبل المشهد "Mount of the Scene/Burial Site", or جبل الصوانة "Mount al-Swana") is a mountain (elevation: 2710 feet or 826 meters above sea level) in northeast Jerusalem.
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Mount Sinai (t; Egyptian Arabic: جَبَل مُوسَى, translit.: Jabal Mūsā or Gabal Mūsā; literally "Moses' Mountain" or "Mount Moses"; הר סיני translit. Har Sinai), also known as Mount Horeb, is a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt that is a possible location of the biblical Mount Sinai.
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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and Nazi state as well as other far-right groups.
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Nebuchadnezzar II (ܢܵܒܘܼ ܟܘܼܕܘܼܪܝܼ ܐܘܼܨܘܼܪ; נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר; Ancient Greek: Ναβουχοδονόσωρ; Arabic: نِبُوخَذنِصَّر; c. 634 – 562 BC) was a Chaldean king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who reigned c. 605 BC – 562 BC.
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Neuchâtel, neu(f) "new" + chatel "castle" (château); lang; lang; lang)It was called Neuchâtel outre Joux too to make the difference with another Neuchâtel in Burgundy, now Neuchâtel-Urtière. is the capital of the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel on Lake Neuchâtel. The city has approximately 33,600 inhabitants (80,000 in the metropolitan area). The city is sometimes referred to historically by the German name, which has the same meaning, since it originally belonged to the Holy Roman Empire and later Prussia, which ruled the area until 1848. The official language of Neuchâtel is French. Neuchâtel is a pilot of the Council of Europe and the European Commission Intercultural cities programme.
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Nisan (or Nissan) (נִיסָן, Standard Nisan Tiberian Nîsān) on the Assyrian calendar is the first month and on the Hebrew calendar is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the civil year.
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The Nuremberg Laws (Nürnberger Gesetze) were antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany.
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Pankrác is a neighborhood of Prague, Czech Republic.
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Pesach Sheni (Hebrew: פסח שני, trans. Second Passover) occurs every year on 14 Iyar.
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A pogrom is a violent riot aimed at massacre or persecution of an ethnic or religious group, particularly one aimed at Jews.
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The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה"מ) is the head of the Israeli government and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.
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Purim (Hebrew: Pûrîm "lots", from the word פור pur, related to Akkadian: pūru) is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the saving of the Jewish people from Haman, who was planning to kill all the Jews.
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Rabbi Meir or Rabbi Meir Baal HaNes (Rabbi Meir the miracle maker) was a Jewish sage who lived in the time of the Mishna.
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Rostov-on-Don (p) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia.
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Rabbi Sa'adiah ben Yosef Gaon (سعيد بن يوسف الفيومي / Saʻīd bin Yūsuf al-Fayyūmi, Sa'id ibn Yusuf al-Dilasi, Saadia ben Yosef aluf, Sa'id ben Yusuf ra's al-Kull; רבי סעדיה בן יוסף אלפיומי גאון' or in short: סעדיה גאון; alternative English Names: Saadia b. Joseph, Saadia ben Joseph or Saadia ben Joseph of Faym or Saadia ben Joseph Al-Fayyumi; b. Egypt 882/892, d. Baghdad 942) was a prominent rabbi, Jewish philosopher, and exegete of the Geonic period.
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Samuel (Arabic: صموئيل Ṣamuil; Σαμουήλ Samouēl; Samvel; Strong's: Shemuwel), literally meaning "Name of God" in Hebrew, is a leader of ancient Israel in the Books of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible.
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Shabbat (שַׁבָּת, "rest" or "cessation") or Shabbos (r) (English: Sabbath) is Judaism's day of rest and seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth in six days and the Exodus of the Hebrews, and look forward to a future Messianic Age.
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Simeon bar Yochai (Aramaic: רבן שמעון בר יוחאי, Rabban Shimon bar Yochai), also known by his acronym Rashbi, was a 2nd-century tannaitic sage in ancient Israel, said to be active after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.
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Sivan (Hebrew: סִיוָן, Standard Sivan Tiberian; from Akkadian, meaning "Season; time") is the ninth month of the civil year and the third month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar.
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The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between June 5 and 10, 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
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Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.
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A synagogue, also spelled synagog (from Greek συναγωγή, transliterated synagogē, meaning "assembly"; בית כנסת beth knesset, meaning "house of assembly"; בית תפילה beth t'fila, meaning "house of prayer"; שול shul; אסנוגה esnoga; קהל kahal), is a Jewish house of prayer.
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The Syrian Armed Forces (القوات المسلحة العربية السورية) are the military forces of Syria.
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The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ, Modern:, Tiberian:, Ashkenazi: Beis HaMikdosh; بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds or بيت المقدس: Beit al-Maqdis; Ge'ez: ቤተ መቅደስ: Betä Mäqdäs) was one of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock.
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The Tiberian vocalization, Tiberian pointing, or Tiberian niqqud (Hebrew) is a system of diacritics (niqqud) devised by the Masoretes of Tiberias to add to the consonantal text of the Hebrew Bible to produce the Masoretic Text.
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Tishrei or Tishri (or; תִּשְׁרֵי or תִּשְׁרִי; from Akkadian "Beginning", from "To begin") is the first month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) in the Hebrew calendar.
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Toledo is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south of Madrid.
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The Tomb of Samuel קבר שמואל הנביא, translit. Kever Shmuel ha-Nevi), (النبي صموئيل, translit.
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Troyes is a commune and the capital of the department of Aube in north-central France.
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Ukraine (Україна, tr. Ukraina) is a country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
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Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is a walled enclave within the city of Rome.
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Venice (Venezia; alternative obsolete form: Vinegia; Venetian: Venèxia; Venetiae; Benetke) is a city in northeastern Italy sited on a group of 118 small islands separated by canals and linked by bridges.
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Elijah ben Shlomo Zalman, (ר' אליהו בן שלמה זלמן) known as the Vilna Gaon (דער װילנער גאון, Vilniaus Gaonas) or Elijah of Vilna, or by his Hebrew acronym HaGra ("HaGaon Rabbenu Eliyahu") or Elijah Ben Solomon, (Vilnius April 23, 1720 – Vilnius October 9, 1797), was a Talmudist, halakhist, kabbalist, and the foremost leader of mitnagdic (non-hasidic) Jewry of the past few centuries.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Worms is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, situated on the Upper Rhine about south-southwest of Frankfurt-am-Main.
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Yechezkel ben Yehuda Landau (8 October 1713 – 29 April 1793) was an influential authority in halakha (Jewish law).
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Yom Ha'atzmaut (יום העצמאות lit. "Independence Day") is the national day of Israel, commemorating the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948.
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Yom Hazikaron (in full Yom Hazikaron l'Chalalei Ma'arachot Yisrael ul'Nifgaei Peulot Ha'eivah יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה; lit. "Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism") is Israel's official Memorial Day, enacted into law in 1963.
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Ziv (זיו) is a Hebrew language word and name meaning light or glow.
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The 1948 Arab–Israeli War or the First Arab–Israeli War was fought between the State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states.
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The 45th Infantry Division of the United States Army was a major formation of the Oklahoma Army National Guard from 1920 to 1968.