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J. A. Todd

John Arthur Todd FRS (23 August 1908 – 22 December 1994) was a British geometer. [1]

26 relations: Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Characteristic class, Chevalley–Shephard–Todd theorem, Complex reflection group, Coset enumeration, Coxeter–Todd lattice, Croydon, England, Geoffrey Colin Shephard, H. F. Baker, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, Italian school of algebraic geometry, Liverpool, Mathematician, Riemann–Roch theorem, Rockefeller Foundation, Roger Penrose, Royal Society, Smith's Prize, Solomon Lefschetz, Todd class, Todd–Coxeter algorithm, Trinity College, Cambridge, United Kingdom, University of Cambridge, University of Manchester.

Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society

The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.

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Characteristic class

In mathematics, a characteristic class is a way of associating to each principal bundle on a topological space X a cohomology class of X. The cohomology class measures the extent to which the bundle is "twisted" — particularly, whether it possesses sections or not.

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Chevalley–Shephard–Todd theorem

In mathematics, the Chevalley–Shephard–Todd theorem in invariant theory of finite groups states that the ring of invariants of a finite group acting on a complex vector space is a polynomial ring if and only if the group is generated by pseudoreflections.

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Complex reflection group

In mathematics, a complex reflection group is a group acting on a finite-dimensional complex vector space, that is generated by complex reflections: non-trivial elements that fix a complex hyperplane in space pointwise.

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Coset enumeration

In mathematics, coset enumeration is the problem of counting the cosets of a subgroup H of a group G given in terms of a presentation.

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Coxeter–Todd lattice

In mathematics, the Coxeter–Todd lattice K12, discovered by, is a 12-dimensional even integral lattice of discriminant 36 with no norm-2 vectors.

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Croydon

Croydon is a large town in South London, England, the principal settlement of the London Borough of Croydon.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Geoffrey Colin Shephard

Geoffrey Colin Shephard is a mathematician who works on convex geometry and reflection groups.

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H. F. Baker

Henry Frederick Baker FRS FRSE (3 July 1866 – 17 March 1956) was a British mathematician, working mainly in algebraic geometry, but also remembered for contributions to partial differential equations (related to what would become known as solitons), and Lie groups.

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Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter

Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 – March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.

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Italian school of algebraic geometry

In relation with the history of mathematics, the Italian school of algebraic geometry refers to the work over half a century or more (flourishing roughly 1885–1935) done internationally in birational geometry, particularly on algebraic surfaces.

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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city in Merseyside, England, on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary.

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Mathematician

A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

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Riemann–Roch theorem

The Riemann–Roch theorem is an important theorem in mathematics, specifically in complex analysis and algebraic geometry, for the computation of the dimension of the space of meromorphic functions with prescribed zeroes and allowed poles.

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Rockefeller Foundation

The Rockefeller Foundation is a philanthropic organization and private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue, New York City.

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Roger Penrose

Sir Roger Penrose (born 8 August 1931) is an English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science.

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Royal Society

The President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society for science and is possibly the oldest such society still in existence.

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Smith's Prize

The Smith's Prize was the name of each of two prizes awarded annually to two research students in mathematics and theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge from 1769.

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Solomon Lefschetz

Solomon Lefschetz (Соломо́н Ле́фшец; 3 September 1884 – 5 October 1972) was an American mathematician who did fundamental work on algebraic topology, its applications to algebraic geometry, and the theory of non-linear ordinary differential equations.

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Todd class

In mathematics, the Todd class is a certain construction now considered a part of the theory in algebraic topology of characteristic classes.

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Todd–Coxeter algorithm

In group theory, the Todd–Coxeter algorithm, created by J. A. Todd and H. S. M. Coxeter in 1936, is an algorithm for solving the coset enumeration problem.

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Trinity College, Cambridge

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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University of Cambridge

The University of CambridgeThe corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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University of Manchester

The University of Manchester (UoM) is a public research university in the city of Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (est. 1824) and the Victoria University of Manchester (est. 1851).

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J A Todd, J. a. todd, J.A. Todd, JA Todd, John Arthur Todd, John Todd (mathematician).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._A._Todd

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