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Jamaican Patois

Jamaican Patois, known locally as Patois (Patwa or Patwah) and called Jamaican Creole by linguists, is an English-based creole language with West African influences (a majority of loan words of Akan origin) spoken primarily in Jamaica and the Jamaican diaspora. [1]

127 relations: Ackee, African American Vernacular English, Akan people, Alison Donnell, Alveolar consonant, Approximant consonant, Arawakan languages, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, Asante dialect, Australian English, Batty boy, Belizean Creole, Birmingham, Bloody, Bocas del Toro Creole, Brad Pitt, British English, Callaloo, Cannabis (drug), Caribbean, Children's literature, Claude McKay, Code-switching, Consonant, Costa Rica, Crayfish, Creole language, Dal, Dancehall Queen, Dialect, Diphthong, Duppy, English Standard Version, English-based creole languages, Escape to Last Man Peak, Free variation, Fricative consonant, Genitive case, Glottal consonant, Gospel of Luke, Guinea, Guyanese Creole, Hartford, Connecticut, Hiberno-English, Hindi, Igbo language, Igbo people, Implosive consonant, Irish language, Iyaric, ..., Jamaica, Jamaican cuisine, Jamaican diaspora, Jamaican English, Jamaican literature, Jamaican Maroons, Jean D'Costa, Jiizas: di Buk We Luuk Rait bout Im, Kamau Brathwaite, Labial consonant, Language, Languages of Africa, Lateral consonant, Lexifier, Limonese Creole, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Literary language, Loanword, London, Lord's Prayer, Louise Bennett-Coverley, Manchester, Meet Joe Black, Miami, Mikey Smith, Mutual intelligibility, Nalo Hopkinson, Nasal consonant, Nation language, New York City, Nicaragua, Niger–Congo languages, Nottingham, Old Dutch, Old French, Palatal consonant, Palatalization (phonetics), Palm Pictures, Panama, Patois, Phoneme, Phonetics, Pickaninny, Pidgin, Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest, Portuguese language, Post-creole continuum, Postalveolar consonant, Profanity, Pronunciation, Rockers (1978 film), Roti, San Andrés–Providencia Creole, Science fiction, Scots language, Spanish language, Spoken language, Sprat Morrison, Sranan Tongo, Standard English, Stop consonant, Stratum (linguistics), The Harder They Come, Third World Cop, Thomas MacDermot, Tia Dalma, Toronto, Twi, University of the West Indies, Velar consonant, Vernacular, Vocabulary, Vowel, Vowel harmony, Washington, D.C., West Africa, Yoruba language. Expand index (77 more) »

Ackee

The ackee, also known as achee, ackee apple or akee (Blighia sapida) is a member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry family), as are the lychee and the longan.

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African American Vernacular English

African American Vernacular English (AAVE)—also called African American English; less precisely Black English, Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), or Black Vernacular English (BVE)—is a variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of American English, most commonly spoken today by urban working-class and largely bi-dialectal middle-class African Americans.

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Akan people

The Akan are a meta-ethnicity and Potou–Tano Kwa ethno-linguistic group residing on the Gulf of Guinea in the southern regions of the former Gold Coast region in what are today the republics of Ghana and the Ivory Coast in West Africa.

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Alison Donnell

Alison Donnell is an academic, originally from the United Kingdom.

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Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

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Approximant consonant

Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.

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Arawakan languages

Arawakan (Arahuacan, Maipuran Arawakan, "mainstream" Arawakan, Arawakan proper), also known as Maipurean (also Maipuran, Maipureano, Maipúre), is a language family that developed among ancient indigenous peoples in South America.

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Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina

Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina (Archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina); or colloquially San Andrés y Providencia is one of the departments of Colombia.

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Asante dialect

Ashanti, Asante, or Asante Twi, is spoken by over 9 million ethnic Ashanti people as a first language and second language.

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Australian English

Australian English (AusE, AuE, AusEng, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language and is used throughout Australia.

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Batty boy

In Jamaican English and creole, a batty boy (also spelled batty bwoy; other terms include batty man and chi chi bwoy/man) is a man considered to be gay, bisexual, or effeminate.

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Belizean Creole

Belize Kriol English (also Kriol or Belizean Creole) is an English-based creole language closely related to Miskito Coastal Creole, Jamaican Patois, San Andrés-Providencia Creole, Bocas del Toro Creole, Colón Creole, Rio Abajo Creole and Limón Coastal Creole.

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Birmingham

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

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Bloody

Bloody is a commonly used expletive attributive (intensifier) in the United Kingdom or less commonly in many Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth countries, including Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, the Anglophone Caribbean, Hong Kong, India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

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Bocas del Toro Creole

Bocas del Toro Creole, or Panamanian Creole English, is a dialect of Jamaican Creole English spoken in Bocas del Toro Province, Panama.

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Brad Pitt

William Bradley "Brad" Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an American actor and producer.

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British English

British English is the English language as spoken and written in Great Britain or, more broadly, throughout the British Isles.

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Callaloo

Callaloo (sometimes calaloo or kallaloo) is a popular Caribbean dish originating in West Africa served in different variants across the Caribbean.

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Cannabis (drug)

Cannabis, also known as marijuana and by numerous other names, is a preparation of the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug or medicine.

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Caribbean

The Caribbean (or; Caribe; Caraïben; Caribbean Hindustani: कैरिबियन (Kairibiyana); Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts.

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Children's literature

Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children.

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Claude McKay

Festus Claudius "Claude" McKay (September 15, 1889 – May 22, 1948) was a Jamaican-American writer and poet, who was a seminal figure in the Harlem Renaissance.

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Code-switching

In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a single conversation.

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Consonant

In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.

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Costa Rica

Costa Rica (literally meaning, "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.

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Crayfish

Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, freshwater lobsters, or mudbugs, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.

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Creole language

A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language that has developed from a pidgin (i.e. a simplified language or simplified mixture of languages used by non-native speakers) becoming nativized by children as their first language, with the accompanying effect of a fully developed vocabulary and system of grammar.

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Dal

Dal or Dhal is a dried pulse (lentil, pea or various types of bean) which has been split.

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Dancehall Queen

Dancehall Queen is a 1997 independent Jamaican film starring Audrey Reid, who plays Marcia, a street vendor struggling to raise two daughters.

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Dialect

The term dialect (from the ancient Greek word διάλεκτος diálektos, "discourse", from διά diá, "through" and λέγω legō, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways.

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Diphthong

A diphthong (Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, refers to two adjacent vowel sounds occurring within the same syllable.

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Duppy

Duppy is a Jamaican Patois word of Caribbean origin meaning ghost or spirit.

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English Standard Version

The English Standard Version (ESV) is an English translation of the Christian Bible.

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English-based creole languages

An English-based creole language (often shortened to English creole) is a creole language derived from the English language – i.e. for which English is the lexifier.

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Escape to Last Man Peak

Escape to Last Man Peak is a popular Jamaican novel written by Jamaican author Jean D'Costa.

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Free variation

Free variation in linguistics is the phenomenon of two (or more) sounds or forms appearing in the same environment without a change in meaning and without being considered incorrect by native speakers.

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Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

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Genitive case

In grammar, genitive (abbreviated; also called the possessive case or second case) is the grammatical case that marks a noun as modifying another noun.

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Glottal consonant

Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.

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Gospel of Luke

The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan euangelion), commonly shortened to the Gospel of Luke or simply Luke, is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels.

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Guinea

Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa.

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Guyanese Creole

Guyanese Creole (Creolese by its speakers: or simply Guyanese) is an English-based creole language spoken by people in Guyana.

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Hartford, Connecticut

Hartford is the capital of Connecticut and the historic seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960.

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Hiberno-English

Hiberno‐English or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the Republic of Ireland as well as Northern Ireland.

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Hindi

Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Igbo language

Igbo (Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh archaically Ibo) (Igbo: Asụsụ Igbo), is the principal native language of the Igbo people, an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.

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Igbo people

The Igbo people, historically spelled "Ibo", are an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.

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Implosive consonant

Implosive consonants are stops (rarely affricates) with a mixed glottalic ingressive and pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism.

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Irish language

Irish (Gaeilge), sometimes referred to as Gaelic or Irish Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

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Iyaric

Iyaric, Livalect, Dread-talk or I-talk is a created dialect of English in use among members of the Rastafari movement.

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Jamaica

Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, comprising the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles.

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Jamaican cuisine

Jamaican cuisine includes a mixture of cooking techniques, flavours, spices and influences from the indigenous people on the island of Jamaica, and the Spanish, British, Africans, Indian and Chinese who have inhabited the island.

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Jamaican diaspora

Diaspora means the scattering of people from their ethnic roots.

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Jamaican English

Jamaican English which includes Jamaican Standard English is a variety of English spoken in Jamaica.

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Jamaican literature

Jamaican literature is internationally renowned, with the island of Jamaica being the home or birthplace of many important authors.

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Jamaican Maroons

The Jamaican Maroons are descendants of Africans who fought and escaped from slavery and established free communities in the mountainous interior of Jamaica during the era of slavery.

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Jean D'Costa

Jean Constance D'Costa (born 13 January 1937) is a Jamaican children's novelist, linguist, and professor emeritus.

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Jiizas: di Buk We Luuk Rait bout Im

Jiizas: di Buk We Luuk Rait bout Im is a translation of the Gospel of Luke from the Biblical Greek into Jamaican Patois.

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Kamau Brathwaite

Edward Kamau Brathwaite (born 11 May 1930, Bridgetown, Barbados) is widely considered one of the major voices in the Caribbean literary canon.

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Labial consonant

Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.

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Language

Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is any specific example of such a system.

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Languages of Africa

There are 1,250 to 2,100 and by some counts over 3,000 languages spoken natively in Africa, in several major language families.

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Lateral consonant

A lateral is an L-like consonant, in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.

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Lexifier

A lexifier is the dominant (superstrate) language of a particular pidgin or creole language that provides the basis for the majority of vocabulary.

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Limonese Creole

Limonese Creole (also called Limón Creole English or Mekatelyu) is a dialect of Jamaican Creole English spoken in Limón Province on the Caribbean Sea coast of Costa Rica.

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Linton Kwesi Johnson

Linton Kwesi Johnson (aka LKJ, born in Jamaica, 24 August 1952) is a UK-based dub poet.

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Literary language

A literary language is a register or dialect of a language that is used in literary writing.

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Loanword

A loanword (or loan word or loan-word) is a word borrowed from a donor language and incorporated into a recipient language without translation.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Lord's Prayer

The Lord's Prayer, also called the Our Father and the Pater Noster, is a venerated Christian prayer that, according to the New Testament, was taught by Jesus to his disciples.

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Louise Bennett-Coverley

Louise Simone Bennett-Coverley or Miss Lou, OM, OJ, MBE (7 September 1919 – 26 July 2006), was a Jamaican poet, folklorist, writer, and educator.

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Manchester

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 514,417 in 2013.

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Meet Joe Black

Meet Joe Black is a 1998 American fantasy romance film produced by Universal Studios, directed by Martin Brest and starring Brad Pitt, Anthony Hopkins and Claire Forlani, loosely based on the 1934 film Death Takes a Holiday.

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Miami

Miami is a city located on the Atlantic coast in southeastern Florida and the county seat of Miami-Dade County.

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Mikey Smith

Michael Smith, usually referred to as Mikey Smith (14 September 1954 – 17 August 1983), was a Jamaican dub poet.

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Mutual intelligibility

In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without intentional study or special effort.

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Nalo Hopkinson

Nalo Hopkinson (born 1960) is a Jamaican science fiction and fantasy writer and editor.

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Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

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Nation language

"Nation language" is the term coined by scholar and poet Kamau BrathwaiteTom McArthur,, Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language, 1998.

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New York City

New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

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Nicaragua

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus.

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Niger–Congo languages

The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families, and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers, and number of distinct languages.

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Nottingham

Nottingham is a city in Nottinghamshire, England, south of Sheffield and north of Leicester.

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Old Dutch

In linguistics, Old Dutch or Old Low Franconian is the set of Franconian (or Frankish) dialects spoken in the Low Countries during the Early Middle Ages, from around the 5th to the 12th century.

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Old French

Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French ancien français) was the Gallo-Romance dialect continuum spoken from the 9th century to the 14th century.

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Palatal consonant

Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

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Palatalization (phonetics)

In linguistics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.

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Palm Pictures

Palm Pictures is a US-based entertainment company owned and run by Chris Blackwell.

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Panama

Panama (Panamá), officially called the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America situated between North and South America.

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Patois

Patois (pl. same or) is any language that is considered nonstandard, although the term is not formally defined in linguistics.

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Phoneme

A phoneme is all the phones that share the same signifier for a particular language's phonology.

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Phonetics

Phonetics (pronounced, from the φωνή, phōnē, 'sound, voice') is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.

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Pickaninny

Pickaninny (also picaninny or piccaninny or picinniny) is a term in English which refers to dark-skinned children usually of African descent or a racial caricature thereof.

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Pidgin

A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, a mixture of simplified languages or a simplified primary language with other languages' elements included.

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Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest

Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest is a 2006 American fantasy swashbuckler film and the second installment of the ''Pirates of the Caribbean'' film series, following The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003).

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Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.

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Post-creole continuum

The post-creole continuum or simply creole continuum refers to a situation wherein a creole language consists of a spectrum of varieties between those most and least similar to the superstrate language (that is, a closely related language whose speakers assert dominance of some sort).

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Postalveolar consonant

Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, further back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself, but not as far back as the hard palate (the place of articulation for palatal consonants).

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Profanity

Profanity, as defined by Merriam-Webster, is "an offensive word" or "offensive language".

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Pronunciation

Pronunciation is the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which someone utters a word.

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Rockers (1978 film)

Rockers is a 1978 Jamaican film by Theodoros Bafaloukos.

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Roti

Roti is an Indian Subcontinent flat bread, made from stoneground wholemeal flour, traditionally known as atta flour, that originated and is consumed in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

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San Andrés–Providencia Creole

San Andrés–Providencia creole is a creole language spoken in the San Andrés and Providencia Department of Colombia by the natives (the Raizal ethnic group), very similar to Belize Kriol and Miskito Coastal Creole.

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Science fiction

Science fiction is a genre of fiction dealing with imaginative content such as futuristic settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, time travel, faster than light travel, parallel universes and extraterrestrial life.

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Scots language

Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).

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Spanish language

Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.

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Spoken language

Spoken language, is language produced by articulate sounds, as opposed to written language.

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Sprat Morrison

Sprat Morrison (ISBN 0-582-05207-6) is a 1972 children's book, and the first novel written by Jamaican author Jean D'Costa.

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Sranan Tongo

Sranan (also Sranan Tongo or Sranantongo "Surinamese tongue", Surinaams, Surinamese, Suriname Creole, Taki Taki) is a creole language spoken as a lingua franca by approximately 500,000 people in Suriname.

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Standard English

Standard English (often shortened to SE within linguistic circles) refers to whatever form of the English language is accepted as a national norm in any English-speaking country.

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Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive, is an oral occlusive, a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

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Stratum (linguistics)

In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact.

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The Harder They Come

The Harder They Come is a 1972 Jamaican crime film directed by Perry Henzell and co-written by Trevor D. Rhone, and starring Jimmy Cliff.

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Third World Cop

Third World Cop is a 1999 Jamaican action-crime film starring Paul Campbell, directed by Chris Browne and produced by Chris Blackwell of Island Jamaica Films.

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Thomas MacDermot

Thomas MacDermot (26 June 1870–8 October 1933) was a Jamaican poet, novelist, and editor, editing the Jamaica Times for more than 20 years.

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Tia Dalma

Tia Dalma, played by Naomie Harris, is a fictional character from the movie Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest and a primary character in the movie Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, in which a significant amount of the plot revolves around her and her powers.

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Toronto

Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the capital of the province of Ontario.

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Twi

Twi (pronounced) or Ashanti Twi, is spoken by over 9 million ethnic Ashanti people as a first language and second language.

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University of the West Indies

The University of the West Indies is a public university system serving 18 English-speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean: Jamaica, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and Turks and Caicos.

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Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

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Vernacular

A vernacular or vernacular language is the native language or native dialect of a specific population, especially as distinguished from a literary, national or standard language, or a lingua franca used in the region or state inhabited by that population.

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Vocabulary

A person's vocabulary is the set of words within a language that are familiar to that person.

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Vowel

In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English "ah!" or "oh!", pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the glottis.

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Vowel harmony

Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.

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West Africa

West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost subcontinent of Africa.

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Yoruba language

Yoruba (Yor. èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa mainly in Nigeria.

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Redirects here:

ISO 639:jam, Jamaican, Jamaican (language), Jamaican Creole, Jamaican Creole English, Jamaican Creole English language, Jamaican Creole language, Jamaican English Creole, Jamaican Patois language, Jamaican creole, Jamaican language, Jamaican patois, Jamaican patwa, Jumieka, Southwestern Caribbean Creole English.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamaican_Patois

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