270 relations: Accession Day (Jammu and Kashmir), Akhnoor, Aksai Chin, Alexander Evans, All Parties Hurriyat Conference, Amarnath land transfer controversy, Amarnath Temple, Anantnag, Anantnag district, Arabian Sea, Archery, Architecture of India, Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, Article 370, ASSOCHAM, Azad Kashmir, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, Balti language, Bandipora, Bandipora district, Banihal, Baramulla, Baramulla district, BBC News Online, Bhaderwah, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bibliography of India, Bicameralism, Bijbehara, Bilaspur–Mandi–Leh railway, Biogeography, Boundary delimitation, Brahmin, Buddhism, Budgam, Budgam district, Central Board of Secondary Education, Central Intelligence Agency, Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter, Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, Chenab River, Chief Minister, Chinese Communist Revolution, Christianity, Constituent assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, Constitution of India, Constitution of Jammu and 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Accession Day is a holiday in India's northernmost state, Jammu and Kashmir, commemorating 26 October 1947, when Maharaja Hari Singh signed of the Instrument of Accession, in which Jammu and Kashmir joined the Dominion of India.
Akhnoor (अखनूर; اخنور) is an archeological site and Municipal Committee in Jammu district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India.
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Aksai Chin (अक्साई चिन, Aksā'ī cin; Urdu: اکسائی چن; ﺋﺎﻗﺴﺎﻱ ﭼﯩﻦ) is one of the two main disputed border areas between China and India, the other being a part of Arunachal Pradesh.
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Alexander Evans (September 13, 1818 – December 5, 1888) was a U.S. Representative from Maryland.
The All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) is an alliance of 26 political, social and religious organizations formed on March 9, 1993 as a political front to raise the cause of Kashmiri separatism.
On 26 May 2008, the government of India and state government of Jammu and Kashmir reached an agreement to transfer of forest land to the Shri Amarnathji Shrine Board (SASB) in the main Kashmir valley to set up temporary shelters and facilities for Hindu pilgrims.
Amarnath cave (अमरनाथ गुफा) is a Hindu shrine located in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Anantnag (əˈnæntˌnæg/nɑːg)() (Kashmiri: /Anaṁtnāg/, meaning abode of springs and lakes), (An-ant.
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Anantnag is a district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Arabian Sea is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by northeastern Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.
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Archery is the practice or skill of using a bow to propel arrows.
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అఆఇఈ The architecture of India is rooted in its history, culture and religion.
Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts (AFSPA), are Acts of the Parliament of India that grant special powers to the Indian Armed Forces in what each act terms "disturbed areas".
Article 370 of the Indian constitution is a law that grants special autonomous status to the state of Jammu And Kashmir.
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The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) is one of the apex trade associations of India.
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Azad Jammu and Kashmir (آزاد جموں و کشمیر Azad Jammu o Kashmir), abbreviated as AJK or Azad Kashmir ("free Kashmir"), is a self-governing state under the federation of Pakistan.
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The Baba Ghulam Shah Badhshah University (बाबा ग़ुलाम शाह बादशाह यूनिवर्सिटीبابا غُلام شاہ بادشاہ یونیورسٹی) is a university in India which came into existence by the Act of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly in 2002.
Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad (1907–1972) ruled the State of Jammu and Kashmir as Prime Minister for eleven years from 1953 to 1964.
The Balti language (بلتی) is a Tibetic language spoken in Baltistan division of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, and adjoining parts of Ladakh, India.
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Bandipora (ˌbændɪˈpɔː) (misspelled as Bandipore, Bandipur, Bandipura) (بنڈ پُور,Urdu) is the administrative headquarters of the district of Bandipora in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
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Bandipora district is one of the 22 districts in Jammu and Kashmir state in northern India.
Banihal (Urdu:بانہال)is a town and a notified area committee in Ramban district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Baramulla(ˌbærəˈmʊlə) is a municipality in Baramulla district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Baramulla district is one of the 22 districts in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
Bhadarwah is a town and a notified area committee in Doda district in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
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The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major parties in the Indian political system, along with the Indian National Congress.
This is a bibliography of notable works about India.
A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses.
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Bijbehara, also known as Bijbiara, Vijeshwar & Vejibyor, is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.
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The Bilaspur–Mandi–Leh railway is a proposed high-elevation all-weather Indian broad-gauge railway track that is planned to connect Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time.
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Boundary delimitation (or simply delimitation) is the drawing of boundaries, particularly of electoral precincts, states, counties or other municipalities.
Brahmin is a varna in Vedic Hinduism and also a caste of people who are members of it.
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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
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Budgam is a town and a notified area committee in Budgam district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India.
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Budgam District is a district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (abbreviated as CBSE) is a Board of Education for public and private schools, under the Union Government of India.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter deals with peaceful settlement of disputes.
Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter sets out the UN Security Council's powers to maintain peace.
The Chenab River is a major river of India and Pakistan.
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A Chief Minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national (e.g. constituent federal) entity, notably a state (and sometimes a union territory) in India, a territory of Australia, provinces of Sri Lanka or Pakistan, Philippine Autonomous Regions or a British Overseas Territory that has attained self-government.
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The Chinese Communist Revolution or the 1949 Revolution was the culmination of the Chinese Communist Party's drive to power since its founding in 1921 and the second part of Chinese Civil War (1946–1949).
ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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Constituent assembly of Jammu and Kashmir was a body of representatives elected in 1951 to write the constitution of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.
Article 370 of the Indian constitution grants special status to Jammu and Kashmir.
The culture of India is the way of living of the people of India.
Dal Lake is a lake in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. The urban lake, which is the second largest in the state, is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is named the "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel". The lake is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting.Pandit pp. 66–93 The shore line of the lake, is about, is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era gardens, parks, houseboats and hotels. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from the shore line Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and from houseboats cruising along the lake in the colourful shikaras. During the winter season, the temperature sometimes reaches, freezing the lake. The lake covers an area of and is part of a natural wetland which covers, including its floating gardens. The floating gardens, known as "Rad" in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers during July and August. The wetland is divided by causeways into four basins; Gagribal, Lokut Dal, Bod Dal and Nagin (although Nagin is also considered as an independent lake). Lokut-dal and Bod-dal each have an island in the centre, known as Rup Lank (or Char Chinari) and Sona Lank respectively. At present, the Dal Lake and its Mughal gardens, Shalimar Bagh and the Nishat Bagh on its periphery are undergoing intensive restoration measures to fully address the serious eutrophication problems experienced by the lake. Massive investments of around US$275 million (11 billion) is being made by the Government of India to restore the lake to its original splendour.
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Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the Capital territory of India.
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Doda is a town and a notified area committee in Doda district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Doda is a district in eastern part of Jammu region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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The Dogras (Dogri: डोगरा / ڈوگرا) are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group in India and Pakistan.
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Dogri (डोगरी or) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about five million people in India and Pakistan, chiefly in the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh, but also in northern Punjab, other parts of Jammu and Kashmir, and elsewhere.
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East Timor or Timor-Leste, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a country in Maritime Southeast Asia.
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ESPNcricinfo (formerly CricInfo) is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket.
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An extrajudicial killing is the killing of a person by governmental authorities without the sanction of any judicial proceeding or legal process.
In economics, any commodity which is produced and subsequently consumed by the consumer, to satisfy its current wants or needs, is a consumer good or final good.
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The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of deep saffron, white and India green; with the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre.
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The flag of Jammu and Kashmir is the official flag of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in northern India.
The flute is a family of musical instrument of the woodwind group.
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Freedom House is a U.S. based government fundedGiannonea, Diego (2010)."Political and ideological aspects in the measurement of democracy: the Freedom House case".
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Freedom in the World is a yearly survey and report by the U.S.-based non-governmental organization Freedom House that measures the degree of civil liberties and political rights in every nation and significant disputed territories around the world.
Ganderbal is a tehsil and a notified area committee in Ganderbal district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
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Ganderbal District ((Perso-Arabic)) is a newly formed district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir of India.
Ghulam Nabi Azad (born 7 March 1949, in Jammu and Kashmir, India) is an Indian politician from the Indian National Congress and was the Minister of Health and Family Welfare Presently he serves as the Leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha.
Gilgit-Baltistan (Urdu/Shina/Burushaski:, Balti), formerly known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan is the northernmost administrative territory of Pakistan.
A golf course is the grounds where the game of golf is played.
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The Government College of Engineering and Technology, Jammu (GCET, Jammu) is an engineering institute located in Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Government Degree College is the co-ed college in Kathua, Jammu and Kashmir, India and serves to the people of Kathua district and its adjoining areas.
The Governor-General of India or the Viceroy and Governor-General of India (commonly shortened to Viceroy of India), from 1858 to 1947, was originally the titular and executive head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence in 1947, the representative of the Indian monarch and head of state.
Gujari, also known as Gojri (گوجری) is a variety of Indo-Aryan spoken by the Gujjars of India and also found in Pakistan Since Kashmiri, Dojri, Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi are spoken in a region that has witnessed significant ethnic and identity conflict, all have been exposed to the dialect-versus-language question.
Gulmarg (translation: "Meadow of Flowers") is a town, a hill station, a popular skiing destination and a notified area committee in Baramula district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Gurjar or Gujjar is a pastoral agricultural ethnic group with populations in India and Pakistan and a small number in northeastern Afghanistan.
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Handwara (Kashmiri language: हंदवारा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq)) is a town under the Municipal Committee in the Kupwara District of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
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Hari Singh (born 23 September 1895 in Jammu; died 26 April 1961 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India) was the last ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
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Haryana is a state in North India with its capital as Chandigarh.
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Himachal Pradesh (literally "Snow-ladden Region") is a state in Northern India.
The Himalayan subtropical pine forests are a large subtropical coniferous forest ecoregion covering portions of Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.
The Himalayas or Himalaya (or; हिमालय, Nepali: हिमालय, Hindi: हिमालय, ہمالیہ; from Sanskrit hima (snow) + ālaya (dwelling), literally meaning "abode of snow") is a mountain range in South Asia and East Asia which separates the Indo-Gangetic Plain from the Tibetan Plateau.
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Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
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Hindu has historically referred to geographical, religious or cultural identifier for people indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.
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Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.
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A houseboat (or boathouse) is a boat that has been designed or modified to be used primarily as a home.
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The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Human rights abuses in the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir state are an ongoing issue.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to India or Indian culture include: List of India-related topics People are listed by their first names.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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In the wake of heavy monsoon rain and flash floods in Jammu and Kashmir, which have killed over four hundred and rendered hundreds of thousand homeless, the Indian Armed Forces were deployed in increasing numbers starting September 2, 2014 to conduct search, rescue, relief, relocation,humanitarian assistance and rehabilitation missions in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Indian Army (IA, Hindi: भारतीय थलसेना, Bhāratīya Thalsēnā) is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.
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Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of the Indian subcontinent.
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The Indian National Congress (INC, often called the Congress), is one of two major political parties in India; the other being the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The Indian Parliament (Devnagari:भारतीय संसद) (Bhāratīya Sansada) is the supreme legislative body in India.
Indian Railways (reporting mark IR / भा. रे) is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways.
The rupee, or more specifically the Indian rupee (symbol: ₹; ISO code: INR) (Unicode U+20B9) is the official currency of the Republic of India.
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Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was the direct military confrontation between India and Pakistan during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
The Indus River, also called the Sindhū River (سنڌو دريا), or Abāsīn (اباسين) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, is one of the longest rivers in Asia.
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The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharajah Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947.
An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who is forced to flee his or her home but who remains within his or her country's borders.
Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.
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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious styles from the foundation of Islam to the present day.
The Islamic University of Science & Technology is an Indian public university located in Awantipora, Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir.
ISO 3166-2:IN is the entry for India in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
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Jainism, traditionally known as the Jina śāsana or Jain dharma, is one of the oldest Indian religions and belongs to the śramaṇa tradition.
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Jammu is the largest city in the Jammu Division and the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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The Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded on 1 October 1938 under letters patent issued by the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, Hari Singh.
The Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (JKN) is a State political party in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India.
Jammu and Kashmir was, from 1846 until 1952, a princely state in the British Empire in India, and was ruled by Jamwal Rajput Dogra Dynasty.
The Jammu and Kashmir High Court (जम्मू और कश्मीर उच्च न्यायालय) is the High Court of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Elections for the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir were held over seven days in November and December 2008.
The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election, 2014 was held in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir in five phases from November 25 to December 20, 2014.
The Jammu and Kashmir Legislature is the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) is a state political party in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
The Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education (abbreviated as JKSBSE or JK SBOSE) is the main board of school education in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Jammu is the most populous district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and is home to the winter capital (Jammu) of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Jammu is one of the three administrative divisions within Jammu and Kashmir, the northernmost state in India.
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The Jammu–Akhnoor-Rajouri-Poonch Railway is a proposed railway line from Jammu Tawi station via the Historic City of Akhnoor to Poonch via Kaleeth-Doori Dager-Chowki Choura-Bhambla-Nowshera-Rajouri.
Jehlam River or Jhelum River is a river that flows in India and Pakistan.
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The Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe is a montane grasslands and shrublands ecoregion found in parts of Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, and India.
Kargil is a city in the Kargil district of Ladakh, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Kargil is a district of Ladakh region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Kargil War (करगिल युद्ध kargil yuddh, کرگل جنگ kargil jang), also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC). In India, the conflict is also referred to as Operation Vijay (विजय, lit. "Victory") which was the name of the Indian operation to clear the Kargil sector. The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the LOC, which serves as the de facto border between the two states. During the initial stages of the war, Pakistan blamed the fighting entirely on independent Kashmiri insurgents, but documents left behind by casualties and later statements by Pakistan's Prime Minister and Chief of Army Staff showed involvement of Pakistani paramilitary forces, led by General Ashraf Rashid. The Indian Army, later on supported by the Indian Air Force, recaptured a majority of the positions on the Indian side of the LOC infiltrated by the Pakistani troops and militants. With international diplomatic opposition, the Pakistani forces withdrew from the remaining Indian positions along the LOC. The war is one of the most recent examples of high-altitude warfare in mountainous terrain, which posed significant logistical problems for the combating sides. To date, it is also the only instance of direct, conventional warfare between nuclear states (i.e., those possessing nuclear weapons). India had conducted its first successful test in 1974; Pakistan, which had been developing its nuclear capability in secret since around the same time, conducted its first known tests in 1998, just two weeks after a second series of tests by India.
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Kashmir (Kashmiri:كشهير; کشمیر; کشمیر), archaically spelled Cashmere, is in the northwestern region of South Asia.
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The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict between India and Pakistan which started just after partition of India.
The Kashmir Railway (कश्मीर रेलवे, کشمیر ریلوے) in India is being built to connect the state of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country.
Kashmir valley (وادی کشمیر; कश्मीर घाटी) is a valley located between the Karakoram and the Pir Panjal Range in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Kashmiri (کأشُر), or Koshur, is a language from the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages and it is spoken primarily in the Kashmir Valley, in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Kashmiri Pandits (also known as Kashmiri Brahmins) are a Brahmin community from the Kashmir Valley, a mountainous region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Kathua (kəˈθʊə) (Dogri/Pahari/Hindi: कठुआ) is a city and a Municipal Council in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Kathua district is one of 22 administrative districts that comprise the state of Jammu and Kashmir under Indian rule.
Katra or Katra Vaishno Devi, as it is popularly known, is a small town in Reasi district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir situated in the foothills of the Trikuta Mountains, where the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi is located.
Kishtwar is a municipality in the Kishtwar District of the Jammu region in J&K.
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Kishtwar District is a newly formed district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir of India.
Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.
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Kulgam (Kashmiri: كلگوم; Urdu: كل گام) is a town and a notified area committee in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Kulgam District is a district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir of India.
Kupwara (कुपवाड़ा) is a town and a municipal committee in Kupwara District in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Kupwara District is located in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Ladakh ("land of high passes") (Ladakhi: ལ་དྭགས la'dwags; लद्दाख़; لَدّاخ) is a region in Jammu and Kashmir that currently extended from the Kuen Lun mountain range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.
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The Ladakhi language, also called Bhoti, is the predominant language in the Leh district of Ladakh, India.
The Lahore Declaration is a bilateral agreement and governance treaty between India and Pakistan.
Leh, was the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, now the Leh district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Leh is one of the two districts located in Ladakh, the other being the Kargil District to the west, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
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The Lidder Valley or Liddar ValleyKaul, Manmohan N., Glacial and Fluvial Geomorphology of Western Himalaya, South Asia Books, 1990, p. 23, ISBN 978-8170222446 in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India, is a Himalayan sub-valley that forms the northeastern corner of the Vale of Kashmir.
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The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Kashmir and Jammu—a line which, to this day, does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary but is the de facto border.
The Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir is the chief executive of the north Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.
When India became independent, Hari Singh was the Maharaja of Kashmir.
There are 24 High Courts at the state and union territory level of India which, together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.
This is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official, regions of India.
The following is a list of states and territories of India by area.
India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories.
Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 75% (2011 figure) from 12% at the end of British rule in 1947.
Lohri (لوہڑی (Shahmukhi)) is a popular Punjabi festival, celebrated by people from the Punjab region of South Asia.
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The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's Bicameral-Parliament, with the higher house being the Rajya Sabha.
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Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma.
Maulana Azad Stadium (also spelled Molana Azad Stadium) is a stadium in Jammu and is one of the home venues for the Jammu and Kashmir cricket team.
Mint is India's second largest business newspaper published by HT Media Ltd, the Delhi-based media group which also publishes the Hindustan Times.
Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (مفتی محمد سعیدDevanagari) (born January 12, 1936, Bijbehara) is a politician from the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
Narinder Nath Vohra (नरेंद्र नाथ वोहरा.) (N. N. Vohra) (born May 5, 1936) is the current governor of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The National Institute of Technology, Srinagar (NITSRI) (राष्ट्रीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान, श्रीनगर) is a nationally reputed technical (Engineering) institute, located in Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India and a leading technological institute of India, along with other NITs and IITs.
Nirmal Kumar Singh (Dogri: निर्मल कुमार सिंह) a Kshatriya is an Indian politician and the Deputy Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir and is a leader of Bharatiya Janata Party.
A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization that is neither a part of a government nor a conventional for-profit business.
North India (उत्तर भारत, ਉੱਤਰ ਭਾਰਤ, شمالي هندستان) is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.
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The Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows is a montane grasslands and shrublands ecoregion of the elevations of the northwestern Himalaya of China, India, and Pakistan.
The Northwestern thorn scrub forests are a xeric shrubland ecoregion of Pakistan and northwestern India, a region of extreme temperatures and a climate that was once covered in deciduous forest.
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An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to India: India – seventh-largest country by area, located on the Indian subcontinent in South Asia.
The Pahari languages (from पहाड़ी (Devanagari) (پہاڈی)(Urdu) from pahar 'mountain') are a geographic group of Indo-Aryan languages spoken in the lower ranges of the Himalayas, from Nepal in the east, through the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, to Azad Kashmir and Murree in Pakistan.
Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.
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The Partition of India was the partition of the British Indian Empire that led to the creation of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan (it later split into Pakistan and Bangladesh) and the Union of India (later Republic of India) on 15 August 1947.
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Pattan is a town and a municipal committee in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Pervez Musharraf (پرویز مشرف; born 11 August 1943), is a Pakistani politician and a retired four-star rank army general who tenured as the tenth President of Pakistan from 2001 until tendering resignation to avoid impeachment in 2008.
A pilgrim (from the Latin peregrinus) is a traveler (literally one who has come from afar) who is on a journey to a holy place.
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The Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel or Banihal railway tunnel is an 11.215 km (7 mile) railway tunnel located in Pir Panjal Range of middle Himalayas in Jammu and Kashmir, India, north of Banihal town.
The Pir Panjal Range is a group of mountains in the Inner Himalayan region, running from east-southeast (ESE) to west-northwest (WNW) across the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan occupied Kashmir, where the average elevation varies from to.
A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool (or machine) used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
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Poonch (ˈpu:nʧ) (also referred to as Punch) is a town and a municipal council in Poonch District in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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District Poonch or Punch (ضلع پونچھ पुंछ) is one of the remotest districts of Jammu and Kashmir.
Pulwama (known as Panwangam in antiquity, and later as Pulgam) is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Pulwama is a district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Punjab, also spelt Panjab, is a state in North India, forming part of the larger Punjab region.
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Punjab (پنجاب, Shahmukhī Punjabi:, panj-āb, "five waters"), also spelled Panjab, is the most populous of the four provinces of Pakistan.
Rajauri or Rajouri (rəˈʤɔ:rɪ) (राजौरी) is a town and a municipal council in Rajouri district in Jammu and Kashmir.
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Rajouri is a district of Jammu region in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India.
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Ramban (रामबन) is a town in the newly created Ramban district in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir north of Udhampur.
Ramban (Urdu: ضلع رام بن) is one of the 22 districts in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Ranbir Singh Pura is a town and also a sub-district and a notified area committee in Jammu district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Ravi (ਰਾਵੀ, راوی, इरावती, परुष्णि, रावी) is a trans-boundary river flowing through Northwestern India and eastern Pakistan.
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Reasi is a town and a notified area committee and tehsil in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Reasi district is one of the 8 newly created districts of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Rediff.com is an Indian news, information, entertainment and shopping web portal, founded in 1996 as "Rediff On The NeT".
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The Royal Springs Golf Course, is a public golf course located near Chashme Shahi over looking Dal Lake in Srinagar, Kashmir.
The S&P CNX 500 is India’s first broad-based stock market index of the Indian stock market.
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Saffron (pronounced or) is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus".
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Samba is a Brazilian musical genre and dance style originating in Brazil, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly Angola and the Congo.
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Samba District is a newly formed district in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Samba (सांबा) is a city and Municipal Committee in Samba district in the Indian administered state Jammu and Kashmir.
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Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.
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Sapphire (σάπφειρος; sappheiros, 'blue stone', which probably referred instead at the time to lapis lazuli) is a typically blue gemstone variety of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide.
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The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations.
Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of silk.
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Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah (Urdu, شیخ محمد عبد اللہ) (Born, 5 December 1905 – Died, 8 September 1982) was an Indian statesman who played a central role in the politics of Jammu and Kashmir, the northernmost Indian state.
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (शेर-ए-कश्मीर कृषि विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी विश्वविद्यालय) came into existence on 20 September 1999 following the amendment in Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Act 1982 through the State legislature.
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir(शेर-ए-कश्मीर कृषि विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी विश्वविद्यालय) is an agricultural university located in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Sher-i-Kashmir Stadium (शेर ए कश्मीर स्टेडियम شیر کشمیر اسٹیڈیم) is a cricket stadium located in Srinagar.
The shikara is a type of wooden boat found on Dal Lake and other water bodies of Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India.
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Shina (شینا) is a language from the Dardic sub-group of the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by the Shina people, a plurality of the people in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, formerly known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan.
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The Shopian District is one of the districts of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
The Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, commonly referred to as SMVD University or SMVDU, is a Central Funded University on an campus located near Katra, Jammu and Kashmir.
Shupiyan or Shopian is a town in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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The Siachen Glacier (Hindi: सियाचेन) (Urdu:سیاچین) is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains at about, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a follower of Sikhism, a monotheistic dharma which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of South Asia.
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Sikhism, or Sikhi (from Sikh, meaning a disciple, or a learner), is a monotheistic religion founded in South Asia in the 15th century.
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The Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement) was signed between India and Pakistan on July 2, 1972 in Simla, the capital city of Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The Sind Valley is a Himalayan sub-valley of the Vale of Kashmir in the State of Jammu and Kashmir of India.
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A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports.
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Sopore, (सोपोर) known as Suyyapur in antiquity, is a town in the Baramulla district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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The term special economic zone (SEZ) is commonly used as a generic term to refer to any modern economic zone.
Srinagar is the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Situated at the center of the Kashmir valley, Srinagar is the second most populous district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, after Jammu District and is home to the summer capital (Srinagar) of Jammu and Kashmir (The capital moves to Jammu city in the winter).
The Srinagar Kargil Leh railway is a proposed railway line from Srinagar station via the town of Kargil to Leh.
Standard Tibetan is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages.
India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories.
Subramanian Swamy (born 15 September 1939) is an Indian politician from the state of Tamil Nadu.
Sumbal (सुम्बल) is a town and a notified area committee in Baramulla district in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
Tawi is a river that flows through the city of Jammu.
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The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper.
Thukpa is a Tibetan noodle soup.
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Tibet is a region on the Tibetan Plateau in Asia northeast of the Himalayas.
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The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) or Xizang Autonomous Region, called Tibet or Xizang for short, is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Tibetan cuisine includes the culinary traditions and practices of Tibet and its peoples, many of whom reside in India and Nepal.
Tibet developed a distinct culture due to its geographic and climatic conditions.
The Tibetan people are an ethnic group that is native to Tibet.
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In modern mapping, a topographic map is a type of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually now using contour lines, but historically using a variety of methods.
Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India.
Tral(ترال) is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district, of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
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The Trans-Karakoram Tract also known as Shaksgam or the Shaksgam Tract is an area of nearly along both sides of the Shaksgam River entirely administered by the People's Republic of China as a part of Kargilik County and Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County in the Kashgar Prefecture of Xinjiang Autonomous Region, but claimed by Pakistan until 1963.
Tsampa or Tsamba is a Tibetan and Himalayan Nepalese staple foodstuff, particularly prominent in the central part of the region.
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Tso Moriri or Lake Moriri), is a lake in the Ladakhi part of the Changthang Plateau (literally: northern plains) in Jammu and Kashmir in northern India. The lake is at an altitude of. It is the largest of the high altitude lakes entirely within India and entirely within Ladakh in this Trans-Himalayan biogeographic region. The official name of the land and water reserve here is the Tso Moriri Wetland Conservation Reserve. The lake is fed by springs and snow-melt from neighboring mountains. Most water enters the lake in two major stream systems, one entering the lake from the north, the other from the southwest. Both stream systems include extensive marshes where they enter the lake. It formerly had an outlet to the south, but this has become blocked and the lake has become a endorheic lake. The lake is oligotrophic in nature, and its waters are alkaline. Accessibility to the lake is largely limited to summer season, though Karzok on the northwest shore and the military facilities on the eastern shores have year-round habitation.http://www.wwfindia.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/freshwater_wetlands/our_work/ramsar_sites/tsomoriri.cfm Tso Moriri.
The two-nation theory (دو-قومی نظریہ — Dō-qaumī naẓariyah, Devanagari: दो-क़ौमी नज़रिया, দ্বিজাতি তত্ত্ব — Dijati totto) is the ideology that the primary identity and unifying denominator of Muslims in the South Asian subcontinent is their religion, rather than their language or ethnicity, and therefore Indian Hindus and Muslims are two distinct nations, regardless of ethnic or other commonalities.
Udhampur (ˌʊd̪ʱəmpur) is a city and a municipal council in Udhampur District in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Udhampur is a district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
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The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations agency mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 47, adopted on April 21, 1948, after hearing arguments from both India and Pakistan the Council increased the size of the Commission established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 49 to five members, instructed the Commission to go to the subcontinent and help the governments of India and Pakistan restore peace and order to the region and prepare for a plebiscite to decide the fate of Kashmir.
The University of Jammu was established in 1969 by an Act of the State Legislature which effectively split the Jammu and Kashmir University into the separate Universities of Jammu and Kashmir.
The University of Kashmir (دانشگاه کشمیر, کشمیر یونورسیٹی, कश्मीर विश्वविद्यालय) is on the western side of the Dal Lake in the city of Srinagar which lies in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:;, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a standardised register of the Hindustani language.
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Vaisakhi (ਵਿਸਾਖੀ)), also known as Baisakhi, Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi) refers to the harvest festival of the Punjab region, the Punjabi new year falling on the same day, Khalsa Sirjana Divas and Mesha Sankranti festival.
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Vaishno Devi, also known as Mata Rani, Trikuta and Vaishnavi, is a manifestation of the Hindu Mother Goddess Mahalakshmi.
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Verinag (Hindi: वेरीनाग) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India.
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Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
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The Western Himalayan broadleaf forests is a temperate broadleaf and mixed forest ecoregion which is found in the middle elevations of the western Himalayas, including parts of Nepal, India, and Pakistan.
The Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests is a temperate coniferous forests ecoregion of the middle and upper elevations of the western Middle Himalayas of Nepal, India, and Pakistan.
Xinjiang (Shinjang), officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.
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Zanskar (Ladakhi: ཟངས་དཀར་) is a subdistrict or tehsil of the Kargil district, which lies in the eastern half of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
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Zoroastrianism or Mazdaism is the religion ascribed to the teachings of the prophet Zoroaster, whose Supreme Being was Ahura Mazda.
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Members of the 15th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2009 general election in India.
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